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Encyclopedia > Autogynephilia
Sexual orientation
Part of sexology
Distinctions

Asexuality · Autosexuality · Bisexuality · Heterosexuality · Homosexuality · Pansexuality · Paraphilia · Pomosexual · Zoosexuality Sexual orientation refers to an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction toward others,[1] usually conceived of as classifiable according to the sex or gender of the persons whom the individual finds sexually attractive. ... Sexology is the systematic study of human sexuality. ... This article is about the sexual orientation in humans. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Bisexual redirects here. ... One version of a Heterosexuality symbol Heterosexuality is sexual or romantic attraction between opposite sexes, and is the most common sexual orientation among humans. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Pansexuality (sometimes referred to as omnisexuality[1]) is a sexual orientation characterized by the potential for aesthetic attraction, romantic love and/or sexual desire for people regardless of their gender identity or biological sex. ... Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A combination of pomo- (shorthand for postmodern), and -sexual (suggesting a sexual preference or orientation), the term itself is oxymoronic since it is descriptive of persons who do not identify with any specific classification of sexuality, and is used in reference to oneself as a protest against such labels. ... Look up Zoosexuality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Labels

Gay · Lesbian · Queer · Questioning GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... For other uses, see Queer (disambiguation). ... Questioning is a term that can refer to a person who is questioning their gender identity, sexual identity or sexual orientation. ...

Methods

Kinsey scale · Klein Grid The Kinsey scale attempts to measure sexual orientation, from 0 (exclusively heterosexual) to 6 (exclusively homosexual). ... The Klein Sexual Orientation Grid attempts to further measure sexual orientation by expanding upon the earlier Kinsey scale which only considers from 0 (exclusively heterosexual) to 6 (exclusively homosexual). ...

Study

Biology · Demographics · Medicine Sexuality researchers are often interested in homosexuality because there is evidence from twin studies that there is a biological involvement in its determination. ... // Measuring the prevalence of various sexual orientations is difficult because there is a lack of reliable data. ... This is the main article for the Category:Sexual orientation and medicine and Category:LGBT physicians. ...

Animal

Homosexuality in animals The Bonobo displays the highest rate of homosexual activity in any animal, being a fully bisexual species. ...

See also

Intersex · Transgender · Transsexual Intersexuality is the state of a person whose sex chromosomes, genitalia and/or secondary sex characteristics are determined to be neither exclusively male nor female. ... A transwoman with XY written on her hand, at a protest in Paris, October 1, 2005. ... For the electronic music EP by Mr. ...

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Autogynephilia (pronounced /ˌɔːtoʊˌɡaɪnəˈfɪliə/) (from Greek αὐτό (self), γῦνή (woman) and φῖλία (love) — "love of oneself as a woman") is the term coined in 1989 by Ray Blanchard to refer to "a man's paraphilic tendency to be sexually aroused by the thought or image of himself as a woman."[1] It has been suggested that the concept pertains to romantic love in addition to sexual interest.[2] Ray Blanchard is a Canadian sexologist who is in charge of the gender program at the Clarke site of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Canada. ...


According to a series of published research findings, Blanchard concluded that biologically male transsexuals who were sexually attracted to males fundamentally differed from biologically male transsexuals who were sexually attracted either to females, to both males and females, or to neither; he referred to the former type as homosexual transsexuals and to the latter type as nonhomosexual transsexuals.[3] Moreover, Blanchard found that the nonhomosexual transsexuals were sexually aroused by the thought or image of themselves as women, referring to them as autogynephilic. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Autogynephilia. ...

Contents

Sexual fantasies

Blanchard has recounted how he arrived at the taxonomy of male-to-female transsexualism and coined the term autogynephilia.[4] Although Blanchard coined the term autogynephilia and provided a precise definition, previous authors have described the phenomenon itself: According to Harry Benjamin, some male-to-female transsexuals imagine themselves as women being penetrated by male sexual partners.[5] The same observation had also been reported by Lukianowicz (1959).[6] When having sex with women, biological males with autogynephilia (regardless of whether they plan actually to undergo transition) sometimes imagine themselves as women sexual interacting as lesbians.[7] Harry Benjamin (1885-1986) was a German-born sexologist[1]. He is best known for his pioneering work with transsexualism. ...


Blanchard classified four subtypes of autogynephilic sexual fantasies:

  • Transvestic autogynephilia: arousal to the act or fantasy of wearing women's clothing
  • Behavioral autogynephilia: arousal to the act or fantasy of doing something regarded as feminine
  • Physiologic autogynephilia: arousal to fantasies of female-specific body functions
  • Anatomic autogynephilia: arousal to the fantasy of having a woman's body, or parts of one[8]

There also exist biological males who report being sexually aroused by the image or idea of having some but not all female anatomy, such as having female breasts but retaining their male genitalia; Blanchard refered to this phenomenon as partial autogynephilia.[9][10]


Autogynephilic men who have sex with men

Blanchard has also hypothesized that autogynephilia is a motivation for some men who have sex with men who self-identify as heterosexual. He is quoted in an article by Dan Savage [11] as saying: Men who have sex with men (MSM) is a term used to classify men who have sex with men, regardless of whether they self-identify as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ...

"There is a class of heterosexual men called autogynephiles, who are sexually aroused by the thought or image of themselves as women," [...] "They may act out this fantasy in various ways. One common way is to dress up as women and seek sex with men. It is not rare that they employ pornographic movie theaters for this purpose, although that strategy usually limits them to wearing brassieres or panties beneath their male clothes."
"The exciting aspect of the men they have sex with is the symbolic value of the male partner, which enhances their fantasies of being women," [...] "Autogynephiles are not interested in men's bodies, they rarely or never have sex with men when they are not crossdressed, and they are being truthful when they state that they are not gay. In their normal lives, they are unremarkably masculine and they often have wives or girlfriends."

Blanchard, Bailey, and Lawrence theory controversy

The "BBL Controversy" also known as the "Autogynephilia Controversy" is an ongoing and heated line of discussion in the transgendered community. The concept had not received much attention outside of sexology until sexologist Anne Lawrence, who self-identifies as an autogynephile, published a series of web articles about the concept in the late 1990s.[12] Lynn Conway and Andrea James responded to Lawrence's essay. In 2003 J. Michael Bailey published a popular science book The Man Who Would Be Queen, which contained a section on Blanchard's theory of male-to-female transsexualism, including autogynephilia. Conway started an investigation into the publication of Bailey's book by the United States National Academy of Sciences. Accusations of misconduct by Bailey were leveled. Northwestern University investigated Bailey, but did not reveal the findings of that investigation and did not comment on whether or not Bailey had been punished.[13] According to intersex activist and bioethics specialist,[2] Prof. Alice Dreger, Ph.D., who is now one of Bailey's supporters, two of the four transwomen who accused Bailey of misusing their stories were not mentioned anywhere in the book, and Bailey's critics' publication of obscenely titled photographs of his minor children constituted an unconscionable harassment campaign.[3] Sexology is the systematic study of human sexuality. ... Lynn Conway is a U.S. computer scientist and inventor. ... Andrea James (born January 16, 1967), (), is an American transsexual woman, film producer, screenwriter, actress, LGBT rights activist, and consumer activist. ... John Michael Bailey (born 2 July 1957 in Lubbock, Texas) is an American psychology professor, best known for his controversial work on homosexuality, bisexuality and transsexualism. ... The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender Bending and Transsexualism is a controversial 2003 book by J. Michael Bailey, published by Joseph Henry Press. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... Northwestern University (NU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university with campuses located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago. ...


Furthermore, critics claim that the distributions of sexual orientation among transsexuals do not reveal two categorically distinct groups, however researcher Yolanda Smith found in a follow up study conducted in the Netherlands:


{{cquote|In this study the two subtypes were indeed found to differ on many characteristics. Replicating some of the previously observed differences, we found that compared with nonhomosexual transsexuals, homosexual transsexuals reported more cross-gendered behavior, appearance and preference in childhood, and they reported less sexual arousal while cross-dressing in adolescence, applied for SR at a younger age, and fewer were (or had been) married."[14]


Study of this theory is ongoing and it is not either accepted or rejected by a majority of psychologists.


Some transwomen have been extremely critical of the theory, especially after the publication of The Man Who Would Be Queen. However, some of the harshest critics in 2003 had previously either explicitly endorsed Blanchard's theory or provided evidence from their own histories that was quite consistent with the theory. For example, the primary attacker of Bailey, Anjelica Kieltyka, filed formal charges against him at Northwestern's IRB. Bailey wrote that Kieltyka (under the pseudonym "Cher") practiced fetishistic crossdressing as a man, escalating to her wearing fake vaginas while simulating intercourse with a wooden "robot" while filming himself (this occurred prior to Kieltyka's transition from man to woman). Kieltyka has never denied this behavior, although she has disagreed that it represents autogynephilia. The Man Who Would Be Queen: The Science of Gender Bending and Transsexualism is a controversial 2003 book by J. Michael Bailey, published by Joseph Henry Press. ...


Another harsh, nonacademic, critic of the theory, Andrea James, had initially endorsed Blanchard's work and considered herself autogynephlic: "I found many of his observations to be quite valid, even brilliant, especially in distinguishing early- and late-transitioning TS patterns of thought and behavior.... ...I readily admit to my own autogynephilia...."[15] Another transwoman, Deirdre McCloskey whose opposition to Bailey's book led her to file several ethical charges against him, had earlier explicitly written about her sexual arousal (as a male) to the idea of becoming a woman: Andrea James (born January 16, 1967), (), is an American transsexual woman, film producer, screenwriter, actress, LGBT rights activist, and consumer activist. ... Deirdre N. McCloskey (born in 1942 as Donald N. McCloskey) is an American economist, rhetorician, professor, and writer. ...

He always read disproportionately about gender crossers, or about crossdressers who actually lived as women. When in 1994 he ran across 'A Life in High Heels,' an autobiography by Holly Woodlawn, one of Andy Warhol's group, the parts he read and reread and was sexually aroused by were about Woodlawn's living successfully for months at a time as a woman, not her campiness when presenting as a gay genetic man in a dress....Donald's preoccupation with gender crossing showed up in an ugly fact about the pornographic magazines he used. There are two kinds of crossdressing magazines, those that portray the men in dresses with private parts showing and those that portray them hidden. He could never get aroused by the ones with private parts showing. His fantasy was of complete transformation, not a peek-a-boo, leering masculinity. He wanted what he wanted.[16]

References

  1. ^ Blanchard, R. (1989). The concept of autogynephilia and the typology of male gender dysphoria. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 177, 616–623.
  2. ^ Lawrence, A. A. (2007). Becoming what we love: Autogynephilic transsexualism conceptualized as an expression of romantic love. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 50, 506–520.
  3. ^ Blanchard, R. (1989). The classification and labeling of non-homosexual gender dysphorias. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18 (4), 315–334.
  4. ^ Blanchard, R. (2005). Early history of the concept of autogynephilia. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34, 439–446.
  5. ^ Benjamin, H. (1966). The transsexual phenomenon. New York: Julian.
  6. ^ Lukianowicz, N. (1959). Survey of various aspects of transvestism in the light of our present knowledge. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 128, 36–64.
  7. ^ Newman, L. E., & Stoller, R. J. (1974). Nontranssexual men who seek sex reassignment. American Journal of Psychiatry, 131, 437–441.
  8. ^ Blanchard, R. (1993). Varieties of autogynephilia and their relationship to gender dysphoria. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22, 241–251.
  9. ^ Blanchard, R. (1993). The she-male phenomenon and the concept of partial autogynephilia. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 19, 69–307.
  10. ^ Blanchard, R. (1993). Partial versus complete autogynephilia and gender dysphoria. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 19, 301–307.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Lawrence AA (1998). "Men Trapped in Men's Bodies:"An Introduction to the Concept of Autogynephilia. originally published at annelwrence.com, October 1998. Retrieved August 21, 2006)
  13. ^ Robin Wilson. Northwestern U. Concludes Investigation of Sex Researcher but Keeps Results Secret. Chronicle of Higher Education, 2004.
  14. ^ Smith, Y. L. S., van Goozen, S., Kupier, A. J., & Cohen-Kettenis, P. T. (2005). Transsexual subtypes: Clinical and theoretical significance. Psychiatry Research, 137, 151–160.
  15. ^ Dreger, A. D. (2008). The controversy surrounding The Man Who Would Be Queen: A case history of the politics of science, identity, and sex In the Internet age. Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol 37, 366-421.
  16. ^ McCloskey, Deirdre. (1999). Crossing: A Memoir. University of Chicago Press.

Archives of Sexual Behavior is an academic sexology journal and the official publication of the International Academy of Sex Research. ...

Bibliography

HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Look up autogynephilia in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Autosexuality
  • BBL controversy
  • List of transgender-related topics

Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Blanchard, Bailey, and Lawrence theory. ... Transgender is a very complex topic, where consensual and precise definitions have not yet been reached. ...

External links

Proponents

Critics

Look up paraphilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Agalmatophilia (from the Greek agalma statue, and philia friendship, affinity) is the sexual attraction to a statue, doll, mannequin or other similar figurative object. ... Andromimetophilia (often misspelled as androminetophilia) is a condition in which erotic or sexual arousal is facilitated by or contingent upon a female sex partner impersonating a male. ... Biastophilia (from Greek biastes, rape + -philia) and its Latin language-derived counterpart, raptophilia (from Latin rapere, to seize), also paraphilic rape[1], refer to a paraphilia in which sexual arousal is dependent on, or is responsive to, the act of assaulting an unconsenting person, especially a stranger. ... A model in bondage cuffs with a leg spreader In the context of BDSM, bondage involves people being tied up or otherwise restrained for pleasure. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Age disparity in sexual relationships. ... Look up coprophilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A philia is the love or obsession with a particular thing or subject. ... Dippoldism (German Dippoldismus) is the paraphilia of sexual arousal from spanking or otherwise applying corporal punishment to children. ... Emetophilia is a sexual fetish in which an individual is aroused by vomiting or observing others vomit. ... An Ephebe Kisses A Man Tondo from an Attic kylix, 5th c. ... Erotic asphyxiation, asphyxiophilia, or breath control play, is the practice of a person (called a gasper) of intentionally reducing the amount of oxygen to their brain during sexual stimulation in order to heighten pleasure from orgasm. ... Erotic lactation is the breastfeeding of an adult partner primarily for erotic reasons. ... An exhibitionist exposing himself at a soccer game. ... Food play is a form of sexual fetishism in which participants are aroused by erotic situations involving food. ... This article is about a specific paraphilia. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Human animal roleplay (also called petplay, ponyplay, ponyism or pup-play) is a form of erotic sexual role-play where one or more of the participants takes on the role of a real or imaginary animal in character, including appropriate mannerisms and behavior, and sometimes a partner will act as... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Katoptronophilia is a paraphilia for mirrors (the Greek word for mirror is katoptron). ... Klismaphilia (sometimes spelled Klysmaphilia) is the paraphilia of deriving sexual pleasure from enemas. ... Macrophilia refers to sexual fantasy involving fictitious giants. ... Mysophilia is a paraphilia relating to soiled or dirty material. ... Look up Necrophilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... CambridgeBayWeather 15:10, 26 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Olfactophilia, (Latin=olfacto, to smell, pertaining to the sense of smell, and philia, love), is the sexual attraction to, or sexual arousal by, smells and odors emanating from the body, especially the sexual areas. ... Osmolagnia, (Greek=osme, smell, and lagneia, lust), is the sexual attraction to, or sexual arousal by, smells and odors emanating from the body, especially the sexual areas. ... Paraphilic infantilism is a paraphilia characterized by the desire to wear diapers and be treated as an infant[1] or toddler. ... Not to be confused with Ephebophilia. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops - Latex and PVC fetishism Wikinews has related news: Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy Sexual fetishism is the sexual attraction for material and terrestrial objects while in reality the essence of the object is inanimate and sexless. ... Somnophilia (from Latin, somnus, sleep + -philia), or sleeping princess syndrome, is a paraphilia in which sexual arousal and/or orgasm are stimulated by intruding on and awakening a sleeping stranger with erotic caresses. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Paraphilia. ... Cathie Jung (born 1937), wearing a sterling silver corset, holds the Guinness World Record for the smallest waist of any currently living person, at 38. ... A folded cream-coloured full slip Some men find the sheer fabric of stockings highly enticing Transvestic fetishism is a sexual fetish for the clothing of the opposite gender. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Troilism is the act of two people performing intercourse while a third watches. ... Golden shower redirects here. ... Look up vorarephilia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Voyeur” redirects here. ... This article is about zoophilia, the emotional and (optionally) sexual attraction of humans to animals. ... For the Japanese noodle preparation method, see Udon#Cold. ... Hadaka (裸) is the japanese word for nude. ... Lolicon art often depicts childlike characteristics with likely double meanings. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Omorashi ) is a fetish subculture recognized predominantly in Japan, in which participants experience arousal from having a full bladder or a sexual attraction to someone else experiencing the feeling of a full bladder. ... Shotacon ) is a Japanese abbreviation for the Shōtarō Complex, a term describing affinity or sexual preference for underage boys. ... Tamakeri is a recently introduced type of Japanese fetish pornography. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sexual behavior is a form of physical intimacy that may be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to the enjoyment of activity involving sexual gratification. ... Sexology is the systematic study of human sexuality. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Autogynephilia - T-Vox (1182 words)
Autogynephilia (from Greek auto (self), gyno (woman) and philia (love) — "love of oneself as a woman") is a behavioral model proposed in 1989 by Ray Blanchard, who defines it as "a man's paraphilic tendency to be sexually aroused by the thought or image of himself as a woman."
Another criticism of the theory of autogynephilia is that it defines gender dysphoria as a strictly sexual phenomenon.
The autogynephilia model lumped "male gender dysphorics, paedophiles and fetishists" into a group that can be considered for this diagnosis as transsexual because of their "erotic target location error" (Freund 1993).
Origins of the Concept of Autogynephilia (3374 words)
Autogynephilia does not occur in women, that is, biological females are not sexually aroused by the simple thought of possessing breasts or vulvas.
Autogynephilia is a misdirected type of heterosexual impulse, which arises in association with normal heterosexuality but also competes with it.
Autogynephilia is simply one example of a larger class of sexual variations that result from developmental errors of erotic target localization.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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