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Encyclopedia > Autocratic
This article is part of the
series on Politics
Political philosophy
aristocracy, autocracy,
democracy, despotism,
monarchy, oligarchy,
plutocracy, theocracy
and tyranny.

Autocracy is a form of government where unlimited power is held by a single individual. An emperor may rise to power due to hereditary lines, but is referred to as an autocrat rather than a monarch when his power overshadows his bloodline. It is a type of government historically found in the Eastern world; in the West a primary example is that of Russia, where the sovereign assumed, as a title, Autocrat of all the Russias. The term can also refer to a country that is ruled in this manner. In comparison, an oligarchy is a form of government where power is held by multiple people (yet still a small segment of society).

An example of an autocracy is Imperial Russia.

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Autocrat - definition of Autocrat in Encyclopedia (212 words)
When the Emperor Heraclius introduced the "Byzantine" system of co-emperors, the senior emperor (or, in the absence of a co-emperor, the sole emperor) took the title autokratĂ´r, although the junior emperor also began to take that title in the 14th century under the Palaeologi.
In keeping with the contention of the rulers of Russia that Moscow was "Third Rome" (after Constantinople and Rome), the formal title of the Russian emperor was Imperator i Samodyerzhets Vserossiysky ("All-Russian Emperor and Autocrat").
The absolutist rule of the Russian emperors is probably chiefly responsible for the modern negative connotation attached to the word "autocrat".
  More results at FactBites »



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