FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Authoritarian" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Authoritarian

The term authoritarian is used to describe an Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). An organization (also organisation in many Commonwealth countries) is a formal group of people with one or more shared goals. This topic is a broad one. According to management science, most human organizations fall roughly into five types: Pyramids or hierarchies Committees or juries Matrix organisations... organization or a This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. For other meanings, see state (disambiguation). In international law and international relations, a state is a geographic political entity possessing politicial sovereignty, i.e. not being subject to any higher political authority. In casual language, the idea of a state and a... state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population.


In an authoritarian state, citizens are subject to state authority in many aspects of their lives, including many that other This article is part of the series on Politics Politics Political philosophy Systems: aristocracy, autocracy, democracy, despotism, monarchy, oligarchy, plutocracy, theocracy and tyranny. Political philosophy is the study of the fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, property, law and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they... political philosophies would see as matters of personal choice. There are, however, various degrees of authoritarianism; and even democratic countries have shown inclinations to authoritarianism in some respects.

Contents

Authoritarianism and ideology

Authoritarianism often arises from the governing bodies' presumption that they know what is right or wrong for the country and from intolerance of dissent. The government then enforces what it thinks is right, often with use of considerable force. Dissenting voices are ignored, or, more strikingly, are considered to be plotting against the best interests of the country. Such was, for instance, the case during the History of France series Gaul Franks Middle Ages Ancien Régime French Revolution Causes Estates-General National Assembly Storming of the Bastille National Constituent Assembly (1, 2, 3) Legislative Assembly and fall of the monarchy National Convention and Reign of Terror Directory Consulate Related: Glossary, Timeline, Wars, List of people... Reign of Terror in Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France; in The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish (espa ol or castellano) Spoken in: Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Argentina, Nicaragua, Chile, USA, Venezuela, Costa Rica , Cuba, Peru, and 34 other countries. Region: Total speakers: 417 million (including second language speakers) Ranking: 2 (first language speakers, may vary based on metric) Genetic classification... Spain under The name Franco may refer to: Francisco Franco, Dictator of Spain from 1936 to 1975 Francois Luambo Makiadi, a Congolese musician and founder of the band OK Jazz active from the 1950s to 1980s ... Franco.


However, there can exist authoritarianism without any defining ideology or ideal of common good. Such is the case in Dictator was the title of a A magistrate is a judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the This article is about law in society. For other possible meanings, see law (disambiguation). Law (a loanword from Danish-Norwegian lov), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules... dictatorships where the dictator maintains power more for the privileges associated with power than in the belief that he is conducting the right policies.


Authoritarianism is distinguished from The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. According to these historical approximations, totalitarian regimes are more repressive of pluralism... totalitarianism both in degree and scope, authoritarian administration or governance being less intrusive and, in the case of groups, not necessarily backed by the use of force. For example, the The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. Members generally prefer the term Catholic Church, but this term has multiple meanings (see Catholicism); the term Roman Catholic Church is used in this article to avoid... Roman Catholic Church can be accurately described as authoritarian; however, in modern times it lacks the means to use force to enforce its edicts and is not a totalitarian establishment.


Typically, the In common usage, leadership generally refers to: the position or office of an authority figure, such as a President [1] (http://www.cer.org.uk/articles/times_grant0702.html) a group of influential people, such as a union leadership [2] (http://www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/04/01/milton_030401... leadership ( A government is an Alternative meaning: Organisation (band). An organization (also organisation in many Commonwealth countries) is a formal group of people with one or more shared goals. This topic is a broad one. According to management science, most human organizations fall roughly into five types: Pyramids or hierarchies Committees... government) of an authoritarian regime is ruled by an elite group that uses repressive means to stay in power. However, unlike The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. According to these historical approximations, totalitarian regimes are more repressive of pluralism... totalitarian regimes, there is no desire or ideological justification for the state to control all aspects of a person's life, and the state will generally ignore the actions of an individual unless it is perceived to be a direct challenge to the state. Totalitarian governments tend to be revolutionary, intent on changing the basic structure of society, while authoritarian ones tend to be Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. There are also a number of Conservative political parties in various countries. All of these are primarily (though not necessarily exclusively) identified with the political right. While the intellectual roots of conservatism date back centuries... conservative.


The distinction between authoritarianism and totalitarianism was a crucial part of the The Kirkpatrick Doctrine was a political doctrine expounded by United States Ambassador to the United Nations Jeane Kirkpatrick in the early 1980s which attempted to justify U.S. support for right-wing, anti-Communist dictatorships in the Third World in the context of the Cold War. Kirkpatrick claimed that pro... Kirkpatrick Doctrine, which asserted that the United States could work with authoritarian nations with bad This article does not adequately cite its sources and may contain unverified information or original research. Please help Wikipedia by adding references or removing unreferenced material. See the talk page for details. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. They are necessary... human rights records because they were more capable of fundamental reform and less dangerous than totalitarian nations.


Actions of authoritarian governments

There exists a gradation in authoritarianism, as well as a variety of possible authoritarian behaviors. Authoritarianism may exist under different regimes:

  • Absolute monarchy is an idealized form of government, a monarchy where the ruler has the power to rule his or her country and citizens freely with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition telling him or her what to do, although some religious authority may be able to discourage the... Absolute monarchies are almost always authoritarian. For instance, criticizing the royal government of Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France under the ancien régime could get writers etc. imprisoned by executive order (known as a In French history, lettres de cachet were letters signed by the king of France, countersigned by one of his ministers, and closed with the royal seal, or cachet. They contained orders directly from the king, often to enforce arbitrary actions and judgements that could not be appealed. In the case... lettre de cachet).
  • Dictator was the title of a A magistrate is a judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the This article is about law in society. For other possible meanings, see law (disambiguation). Law (a loanword from Danish-Norwegian lov), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules... Dictatorships are always authoritarian.
  • This article deals with democracy in its Modern can simply mean something that is up-to-date, trendy, new, or from the present time. It can also refer to the modern age, a very loosely defined time period which generally commences at or some time after the Renaissance in Europe... Democracies are normally not authoritarian, but may exhibit authoritarian behavior in some respects.

As an example of the last case, modern democracies often once enforced laws that would be nowadays considered abusive and authoritarian: for instance, countries such as the This article is on the country in North America. For other uses, see United States may refer to: The United States of America, a country in North America. The SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. The USS United States, a never-built aircraft carrier. The United Mexican... United States and the The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a This article describes a type of political entity. Country is also a short form for the Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. Such areas are distinct from more intensively settled... United Kingdom, until recently, enforced A sodomy law is a law which makes certain sexual acts into sex crimes. The definition of sodomy ranges from anal sex to any sexual act that does not lead to procreation. This includeds anal sex, oral sex, and bestiality. Even though many of these laws target both heterosexual and... sodomy laws imposing the moral and religious values of the majority over matters of private life.


Authoritarian regimes typically grant wide powers to law enforcement agencies; in an extreme, this leads to a so-called A police state is a political condition where the government maintains strict control over society, particularly through suspension of civil rights and often with the use of a force of secret police. This implies that the control by the government contradicts the will of the people being controlled. Thus, a... police state. Authoritarian regimes may or may not have a The rule of law implies that government authority may only be exercised in accordance with written laws, which were adopted through an established procedure. The principle is intended to be a safeguard against arbitrary rulings in individual cases. Generalities Perhaps the most famous exposition of the concept of rule of... rule of law — in the former case, laws and procedures exist and are applied, though they may seem intrusive, injust or excessive; in the latter case, laws do not exist, or are routinely ignored, and the actions of the government are at the whim of the leadership.


Authoritarian governments are generally (but not always) prone to This article is about political corruption. For other uses, see Corruption (disambiguation) In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse of public office for private gain. All forms of government are susceptible in practice to political corruption. Degrees of corruption vary greatly, from minor uses of influence and patronage to... corruption. One reason is that in such regimes, criticizing corrupt behavior is, at best, useless (since the officials will be retained in position), at worst, risky (since officials may retaliate against those who denounced them). A modern example of such a situation is the PRC redirects here. For other uses, see PRC (disambiguation). The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see Country China, a country in East Asia One of the... People's Republic of China.


Economic arguments for authoritarianism

One controversial belief, especially in For other uses, see Asia may have the following meanings: Asia is one of the continents. Asia is a beach district in Peru. Asia was in Greek mythology one of the female Titans. Asia is a band. Asia was a province of the Roman Empire, in modern-day western Turkey... Asia, is that countries with authoritarian regimes are more likely to be economically successful than This article deals with democracy in its Modern can simply mean something that is up-to-date, trendy, new, or from the present time. It can also refer to the modern age, a very loosely defined time period which generally commences at or some time after the Renaissance in Europe... democratic countries. Examples given to support this thesis are South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK; Korean: Daehan Minguk (Hangul: 대한 민국; Hanja: 大韓民國)), is a country in East Asia, covering the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. To the north, the Republic of Korea borders North Korea, with which it formed a... South Korea, Republic of Singapore 新加坡共和国 Republik Singapura சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: Majulah Singapura (English: Onward, Singapore) Official languages English, Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil Capital... Singapore, The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: West Malaysia, commonly known as Peninsular Malaysia/Malay Peninsula, shares a land frontier on the north with Thailand and is connected by a causeway and a bridge on... Malaysia, and The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) is a state that currently administers the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and the... Taiwan, which were considered authoritarian during their period of growth. This notion of developmental authoritarianism is a central justification for the rule of the Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. The party was founded in... Communist Party of China within the PRC redirects here. For other uses, see PRC (disambiguation). The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as This article is on the geographic and cultural entity. For other meanings, see Country China, a country in East Asia One of the... People's Republic of China. (The notion that authoritarian government is ultimately superior to democracy was also part of the idea of Asian values was a concept popular in the 1990s, which argued for a unique set of Asian institutions and political ideologies, involving authoritarian government (as opposed to the democratic values and institutions of the West). Asian values were a popular idea in Malaysia, Singapore, and in some political circles in... Asian values, although it diminished somewhat after the The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand, and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices of several Asian countries, many part of the East Asian Tigers. It is also commonly referred to as the Asian currency crisis or locally, although inaccurately... Asian financial crisis of 1998.)


One counter-argument is that there are many instances of authoritarian nations that have not encountered rapid growth, for example the The Republic of the Philippines is an island nation consisting of an archipelago of 7,107 islands, lying in the tropical western Pacific Ocean about 100 kilometers southeast of mainland Asia. Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the largest influences on... Philippines and The Republic of Indonesia, the worlds largest archipelago, is located between the Southeast Asian peninsula and Australia, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the most populous Muslim-majority nation in the world and the fourth most populous overall. It has had free elections since the Indonesian 1998... Indonesia. In This article is about the continent. For alternative meanings, see: Europe (disambiguation) World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the... Europe, The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish (espa ol or castellano) Spoken in: Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Argentina, Nicaragua, Chile, USA, Venezuela, Costa Rica , Cuba, Peru, and 34 other countries. Region: Total speakers: 417 million (including second language speakers) Ranking: 2 (first language speakers, may vary based on metric) Genetic classification... Spain under Generalísimo Francisco Franco, caudillo de España por la gracia de Dios Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until... Francisco Franco's authoritarian and conservative regime was considerably less economically developed than neighbouring countries such as Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France, even though the latter had suffered from the devastations of Download high resolution version (800x1094, 114 KB)Picture taken of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The picture was taken from one of the B-29 Superfortresses used in the attack. Picture taken from http://www.archives.gov/research_room/research_topics/world_war_2_photos/images/ww2_1623.jpg Page: http://www... World War II.


Lee Kuan Yew Order: 1st Prime Minister Term of Office: August 9, 1965 - November 26, 1990 Succeeded by: Goh Chok Tong Date of Birth September 16, 1923 Place of Birth: Singapore Wife: Kwa Geok Choo Occupation: lawyer Political Party: Peoples Action Party Deputy PM: Toh Chin Chye (1959 - 1965... Lee Kuan Yew, Republic of Singapore 新加坡共和国 Republik Singapura சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Flag) (Coat of Arms) National motto: Majulah Singapura (English: Onward, Singapore) Official languages English, Mandarin Chinese, Malay, Tamil Capital... Singapore's first Alternative meaning: Prime Minister (band) A prime minister is the leading member of the Alternate meanings in cabinet (disambiguation) A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. It can also sometimes be referred to as the Council of Ministers or the Executive... Prime Minister, purportedly justified its strict social conduct laws as "a way to force civility onto a third-world country," which it was at the time of its separation from The Federation of Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It consists of two geographical regions divided by the South China Sea: West Malaysia, commonly known as Peninsular Malaysia/Malay Peninsula, shares a land frontier on the north with Thailand and is connected by a causeway and a bridge on... Malaysia.


See also

  • A police state is a political condition where the government maintains strict control over society, particularly through suspension of civil rights and often with the use of a force of secret police. This implies that the control by the government contradicts the will of the people being controlled. Thus, a... police state
  • Statism is a term to describe an economic system where a government implements a significant degree of centralized economic planning or intervention, as opposed to a system where the overwhelming majority of economic planning occurs at a decentralized level by private individuals in a relatively free market. The term statism... statism
  • The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. According to these historical approximations, totalitarian regimes are more repressive of pluralism... totalitarianism

  Results from FactBites:
 
Authoritarianism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1088 words)
Authoritarianism describes a form of government characterized by strict obedience to the authority of the state, which often maintains and enforces social control through the use of oppressive measures.
In an authoritarian state, citizens are subject to state authority in many aspects of their lives, including many that other political philosophies would see as matters of personal choice.
According to proponents of the theory of totalitarianism, authoritarianism is distinguished from totalitarianism both in degree and scope, in that authoritarian administration or governance are less intrusive and, in the case of groups, not necessarily backed by the use of force.
Encyclopedia4U - Authoritarianism - Encyclopedia Article (555 words)
Authoritarianism is used to describe an organization or a state which has enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population.
The distinction between authoritarianism and totalitarianism was a crucial part of the Kirkpatrick Doctrine which asserted that the United States could cooperate with authoritarian nations with bad human rights records because they were more capable of fundamental reform and less dangerous than totalitarian nations.
In an authoritarian state the citizen is subject to state authority in many aspects of their life, including many that other political philosophies would see as matters for personal choice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m