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Encyclopedia > Author surrogate

As a literary technique, an author surrogate is a character who expresses the ideas, questions, personality and morality of the author. Upon occasion, authors insert themselves under their own name into their works, typically for humorous or surrealistic effect. A literary technique or literary device may be used in works of literature in order to produce a specific effect on the reader. ...

Contents

Usage

Fiction

Frequently, the author surrogate is the same as the main character and/or the protagonist, and is also often the narrator. As an example, the author surrogate may be the one who delivers political diatribe, expressing the author's beliefs at an appropriate time, or expound on the strengths and weakness of other characters, thereby communicating directly the author's opinion on the characters in question. Philosophers may use author-surrogates to express their personal positions, especially if these are unpopular or run counter to established views. British writer David Hume used the author-surrogate 'Philo' in the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Ayn Rand used her character John Galt to express her philosophy of Objectivism in her novel Atlas Shrugged. Perhaps the best-known philosophical author-surrogate is Socrates in the writings of Plato. The protagonist is the central figure of a story, and is often referred to as a storys main character. ... A protagonist is the, or a, central figure of a story. ... The Narrator is the entity within a story that tells the story to the reader. ... David Hume (April 26, 1711 – August 25, 1776)[1] was a Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. ... Ayn Rand (IPA: , February 2 [O.S. January 20] 1905 – March 6, 1982), born Alisa Zinovyevna Rosenbaum (Russian: ), was a Russian-born American novelist and philosopher,[1] best known for developing Objectivism and for writing the novels We the Living, The Fountainhead, Atlas Shrugged and the novella Anthem. ... Atlas Shrugged is a novel by Ayn Rand, first published in 1957 in the USA. It was Rands last work of fiction before concentrating her writings exclusively on philosophy, politics and cultural criticism. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ...


Most stories have an author surrogate, insofar as the author is usually capable of pointing to one character (major or minor) whom he or she identifies with to a much greater degree than any other character. This can take the form of a realistic depiction of the author (Benjamin in Animal Farm), or a negative (Woody Allen in many of his films) or positive depiction of the author. This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long. ... Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Konigsberg on December 1, 1935) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian, and playwright. ...


Fan fiction

Main article: Mary Sue

Author surrogacy is a frequently observed phenomenon in hobbyist and amateur writing, so much that fan fiction critics have evolved the term Mary Sue to refer to an idealized author surrogate. The term 'Mary Sue' is thought to evoke the cliché of the adolescent author who uses writing as a vehicle for the indulgence of self-idealization rather than entertaining others. For male author surrogates, similar-sounding names such as 'Gary Stu' are occasionally used. Mary Sue (or simply Sue) is a pejorative expression for a fictional character who is an idealized stand-in for the author, or for a story with such a character. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... Mary Sue (or simply Sue) is a pejorative expression for a fictional character who is an idealized stand-in for the author, or for a story with such a character. ...


Examples

Notable author surrogates include Geoffrey Chaucer in The Canterbury Tales; Dante Alighieri in The Divine Comedy; Yorick in A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy, Paul Auster in the New York Trilogy; Isaac Asimov in Murder at the ABA; Martin Amis in Money; Alexander Pushkin in Eugene Onegin; Jorge Luis Borges in "The Aleph", "The Zahir" and "The Book of Sand"; Hermione Granger and Albus Dumbledore in Harry Potter; Dagny Taggart in Atlas Shrugged; Huckleberry Finn in Huckleberry Finn; Charles Dexter Ward in The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, The Invisible Man in Invisible Man, Dr Robbins in Even Cowgirls Get the Blues, Charlie Kaufman in the film Adaptation., Ariadne Oliver in the Hercule Poirot series of novels by Agatha Christie, Stephen King in The Dark Tower, and "Horselover Fat" in VALIS, a Greek and German translation of author Phillip K. Dick's first and last names. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Canterbury Tales Woodcut 1484 The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in prose, the rest in verse). ... Dante in a fresco series of famous men by Andrea del Castagno, ca. ... Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelinos fresco. ... The Monk of Calais (1780) by Angelica Kauffman, depicting Pastor Yorick exchanging snuffboxes with Father Lorenzo ..having a horn snuff box in his hand, he presented it open to me. ... Paul Benjamin Auster (born February 3, 1947, Newark, New Jersey) is a Brooklyn-based author. ... Dr. Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920? – April 6, 1992, IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... Murder at the ABA (1976) is a mystery novel by Isaac Asimov, following the adventures of a writer and amateur detective named Darius Just (whom Asimov modeled on his friend Harlan Ellison). ... Photo of Martin Amis by Robert Birnbaum Martin Amis (born August 25, 1949) is an English novelist. ... Money (full title: Money: A Suicide Note) is a 1984 novel by Martin Amis. ... Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, IPA: ,  ) (June 6 [O.S. May 26] 1799 – February 10 [O.S. January 29] 1837) was a Russian Romantic author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet[1][2][3][4] and the founder of modern Russian literature. ... Jorge Luis Borges (August 24, 1899 – June 14, 1986), was an Argentine writer who is considered one of the foremost literary figures of the 20th century. ... The Aleph is a short story by the Argentinian writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges. ... The Zahir (in the original Spanish, El Zahir) is a short story by famous Argentine writer and poet Jorge Luis Borges. ... The Book of Sand (El libro de arena) is a short story by Jorge Luis Borges. ... Hermione Jane Granger (b. ... Professor Albus Percival Wulfric Brian Dumbledore (ca. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Characters in Ayn Rands novel, Atlas Shrugged. ... Atlas Shrugged is a novel by Ayn Rand, first published in 1957 in the USA. It was Rands last work of fiction before concentrating her writings exclusively on philosophy, politics and cultural criticism. ... Huckleberry Finn is the protagonist of Mark Twains famous book, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. ... Halsey House at 140 Prospect Street, built in 1801 by Colonel Thomas Lloyd Halsey. ... Categories: Stub | Cthulhu Mythos ... wa See The Invisible Man for the novel written by H. G. Wells and for the various films and television series inspired by the book. ... Even Cowgirls Get the Blues is a 1976 novel by Tom Robbins. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Adaptation. ... Ariadne Oliver is a fictional character in the novels of Agatha Christie. ... David Suchet as Hercule Poirot in The Dream Hercule Poirot (pronounced ) is a fictional Belgian detective who featured in the novels of Agatha Christie. ... It has been suggested that Black Iron Prison be merged into this article or section. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982), often known by his initials PKD, or by the pen name Richard Phillips, was an American science fiction writer and novelist who changed the genre profoundly. ...


In addition, Clive Cussler makes a cameo appearance in each of his novels. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Perhaps one of the best known is Kilgore Trout, author surrogate to Kurt Vonnegut. Vonnegut makes no secret of the fact, and meets Trout personally more than once in his works. Kilgore Trout is a fictional character created by author Kurt Vonnegut. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ...


Ishmael Reed couldn't keep "Ishmael Reed" out of Japanese by Spring, puzzling in light of his never having been shy about inserting his opinions into his works in slightly less overt ways. Ishmael Scott Reed (b. ...


Other uses

The expression has also been used in a different sense, meaning the principal author of a multi-author document. [1]


See also

In the study of literature, an audience surrogate is a character who expresses the questions and confusion of the reader. ... It has been suggested that Semi-autobiographical novel be merged into this article or section. ... An author character (commonly referred to as an AC) or self-insertion is a guest appearance of the author of a story or a character created by the author, usually in fan fiction, that interacts with the plot and characters as if they were created in the original work (whichever... Mary Sue (or simply Sue) is a pejorative expression for a fictional character who is an idealized stand-in for the author, or for a story with such a character. ...

Notes

    References and further reading


      Results from FactBites:
     
    Author surrogate: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com (288 words)
    Frequently, the author surrogate is the same as the main character[?] and/or the protagonist.
    As an example, the author surrogate may be the one who delivers political diatribe, expressing the author's beliefs at an appropriate time, or expound on the strengths and weakness of other characters, thereby communicating directly the author's opinion on the characters in question.
    Most stories have an author surrogate, in that the author is usually capable of pointing to one character (major or minor) whom he or she identifies with to a much greater degree than any other character.
    Author surrogate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (440 words)
    Frequently, the author surrogate is the same as the main character and/or the protagonist, and is also often the narrator.
    Most stories have an author surrogate, insofar as the author is usually capable of pointing to one character (major or minor) whom he or she identifies with to a much greater degree than any other character.
    Author surrogacy is a frequently observed phenomenon in hobbyist and amateur writing, so much that fan fiction critics have evolved the term Mary Sue to refer to an idealized author surrogate.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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