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Encyclopedia > Australian rock
Music of Australia
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Genres classical · hip-hop · indigenous Australian music · Ska · immigrant music · jazz · country · rock (pub rock · indie · punk · metal)
Organisations ARIA · APRA · CMMA
Awards ARIA Music Awards · Country Music Awards of Australia · The Deadlys · Australian Music Prize · J Award · WAMi Awards · NT Indigenous Music Awards · Perth Dance Music Awards
Charts Kent Music Report · ARIA Charts · Triple J Hottest 100
Festivals Big Day Out · Splendour in the Grass · Livid · Homebake · Falls · Tamworth Country Music Festival · Womadelaide · National Folk Festival · Overcranked
Media Countdown · Rage · Triple J · ABC · Community Radio
National anthem Advance Australia Fair
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Adelaide · Brisbane · Canberra · Melbourne · Sydney · Perth · Hobart
Australian music
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Australian rock and pop musicians have produced a wide variety of music. While many musicians and bands have had considerable international success, there remains some debate over whether Australian popular music really has a distinctive sound. Perhaps the most striking common feature of Australian music, like many other Australian art forms, is the dry, often self-deprecating humor evident in the lyrics. Australian music also tends to distinguish itself from the rock styles of other nations by a heavy focus on melody and complex, reggae- and jazz-inspired rhythms. Even hard rock and heavy metal groups, from Cold Chisel through to Baby Animals and Rose Tattoo all had a strong sense of melody and are notable for joyous tunes.Where as the darker-witted alternative / experimental Australian rock can be picked having sharp angler guitars, surrounded with deep vibrant bass as explored in 2006 documentary film Sticky Carpet viewing the Melbourne music scene with The Birthday Party, Cosmic Psychos and The Stabs. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Australian music is the music originating from the country of Australia. ... The trends of Australian music have often mirrored those of the United States and Britain. ... Subcategories There are 3 subcategories to this category. ... Australian hip hop music began in the early 1980s, primarily influenced by hip hop music and culture imported via radio and television from the United States of America. ... Indigenous Australian music includes the music of Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, who are collectively called Indigenous Australians; it incorporates a wide variety of distinctive traditional music styles practised by Indigenous Australian peoples, as well as a range of contemporary musical styles both derivative of and fusion with European... The speedy deletion of this page is contested. ... Australia is home to several large immigrant communities, including the Vietnamese, Indonesians, Filipinos and others. ... Jazz is an American musical genre largely originated by African Americans but the style was rapidly and enthusiastically taken up by musicians all over the world, including Australia. ... Australian country music is a vibrant part of the music of Australia. ... Pub rock is a style of Australian rock and roll popular throughout the 1970s and 1980s, and still influencing contemporary Australian music today. ... Australian indie rock is part of the overall flow of Australian rock history but has a distinct history somewhat separate from mainstream rock in Australia, largely from the end of the punk rock era onwards. ... Australian musicians played and recorded some of the earliest punk rock. ... Australian heavy metal music has its roots in the both the Australian hard rock and pub rock tradition of the 1970s and the American and British heavy metal scenes. ... The Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) is a trade group representing the Australian recording industry. ... The Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) is a copyright collecting society representing New Zealand and Australian composers, lyricists and music publishers. ... The Country Music Association of Australia (CMMA) is an association formed in 1992[1] that promotes and represents the Australian country music industry. ... The Australian Recording Industry Association Music Awards (commonly known as ARIA Music Awards or ARIA Awards) is an annual awards night celebrating the Australian music industry, put on by the Australian Record Industry Association (ARIA). ... The Country Music Association of Australia awards (commonly known as the golden guitar Music Awards or CMAA Awards) is an annual awards night held in January during the Tamworth Country Music Festival, in Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia that celebrates the Australian country music industry. ... The Deadlys are an annual celebration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander achievement in music, sport, entertainment and community. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The J Award logo. ... WAM Logo The Western Australian Music Industry Awards (commonly known as WAMis) are annual awards presented to the local contemporary music industry, put on by the Western Australian Music Industry Association Inc (WAM). ... NT Indigenous Music Awards are part of the Darwin Festival and are run by Music NT in association with the Northern Territory Government’s Indigenous Arts Development Unit. ... This article refers to an Australian award show. ... Kent Music Report front cover 11 October 1976 The Kent Music Report was a weekly record chart of Australian music singles and albums which was compiled by a music enthusiast, David Kent from the early 1970s through to 1998. ... The ARIA charts are the main Australian music sales charts, issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association. ... The Triple J Hottest 100 is an annual music poll, based on the votes of Australian youth radio station Triple J listeners, in order to determine their favourite song of the year. ... This is a list of music festivals in Australia. ... The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ... For the 1961 film, see Splendor in the Grass. ... Livid was an Australian alternative rock music festival, which was held annually from 1989 to 2003. ... Homebake is an annual Australian rock festival, featuring an all-Australian lineup (with the occasional artist from New Zealand). ... The Falls Festival is a New Years Eve music festival, held annually in Marion Bay, Tasmania and Lorne, Victoria Australia since 1993. ... The largest recorded congregation of aboriginal australians apart from yothu yindi concerts and the tamworth pcyc weekly pool competition. ... First held in 1992, WOMADelaide is an annual world music and dance festival held in Botanic Park, Adelaide, South Australia as part of the Womad series of music festivals. ... The National Folk Festival is a festival celebrating Australian folk culture, first held in Melbourne in 1967. ... Overcranked is Australias biggest punk, rock and metal music festival. ... Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19 1987. ... Rage is an all-night Australian music video program that is broadcast on ABC TV on Friday and Saturday nights. ... Double J redirects here. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... The National Anthem booth at the 2005 Floriade, Canberra - on the J. Verbeeck fairground organ. ... Adelaide is a city in South Australia. ... Queensland Conservatorium of Music Brisbane is a city in Queensland, Australia, home to many regionally important music institutions and venues. ... Canberra is the capital city of Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... the Sydney Opera House can be seen on the far left Sydney is a city in Australia, and a major center center for music. ... Perth is a city in Western Australia, known for having produced a number of very famous performers. ... Hobart is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the Australian pub rock band. ... Note: For the correct names of offspring in the animal kingdom, see List of baby animal names. ... Rose Tattoo is an Australian blues/hard rock band, led by Angry Anderson and slide guitarist Peter Wells. ... Sticky Carpet : Melbournes Underground Rockumentary is a 2006 documentary film by Mark Butcher, Glenn Waterworth and Pip Stafford. ... Ross Knight with the Cosmic Psychos: Sydney 1997 - The Cosmic Psychos are a rock band based in Melbourne and rural Victoria in Australia. ...


Until the late 1960s, many have argued that Australian popular music was largely indistinguishable from imported music: British to begin with, then gradually more and more American in the post-war years. The sudden arrival of the 1960s underground movement into the mainstream in the early 1970s changed Australian music permanently: Skyhooks were far from the first people to write songs in Australia, by Australians, about Australia, but they were the first ones ever to make money doing it. The two best-selling albums ever made (at that time) put Australian music on the map. Within a few years, the novelty had worn off and it became commonplace to hear distinctively Australian lyrics and sometimes sounds side-by-side with the imitators and the imports. Skyhooks was an Australian rock band of the 1970s, sometimes classified as a glam rock band, although this is mainly the result of the bands flamboyant costumes and makeup. ...


Internationally, AC/DC has come to be perhaps the most well-known Australian rock band. This article is about the band. ...

Contents

1950s to early 1960s: the "First Wave" of Australian rock

In the mid-1950s American rockabilly and rock and roll music was taken up by local musicians and it soon caught on with fans. A small independent Sydney label, Festival Records, led the charge, releasing Bill Haley's "Rock Around The Clock" in Australia in 1956 after it had been turned down by the local branch of Decca Records. It became the biggest-selling hit ever released in Australia up to that time, and its success led to Festival becoming the dominant Australian pop music label for the next fifteen years. Their commercial success was surpassed only by the multi-national British recording giant EMI, who dominated the charts thanks to the Beatles, the Hollies, the Byrds and the other leading 'Beat' groups on their catalogue. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Festival Records was an Australian music recording and publishing company which was founded in Sydney in 1952 and operated until 2005. ... Bill Haley, with his band, the Comets, was one of the first rock and roll acts to tour the United Kingdom. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Decca Music Group be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... “Hollies” redirects here. ... The Byrds (formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1964) were an American rock band. ...


The most famous exponent of the so-called "First Wave" of Australian rock'n'roll was Johnny O'Keefe. Inspired by Elvis Presley and Little Richard, he carved out a unique career and became a legend of Australian rock music, and hosted one of Australia's first TV pop shows, "Six O'Clock Rock". No less a figure than Iggy Pop acknowledged O'Keefe's importance when he recorded a version of O'Keefe's hit "Real Wild Child" in the 1980s. For a few years, O'Keefe and other local rockers like Lonnie Lee & The Leemen, Dig Richards & The R'Jays, Col Joye & The Joy Boys, Alan Dale & The Houserockers, Ray Hoff & The Offbeats, Digger Revell & The Denvermen and New Zealand's Johnny Devlin & The Devils whipped up excitement on a par with their American inspirations. Johnny OKeefe (born John Michael OKeefe, January 19, 1935; died October 6, 1978) was a famous Australian rock and roll singer whose career began in the 1950s and ended with his early death in the late 1970s. ... “Elvis” redirects here. ... Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), better known by the stage name Little Richard, is an African-American singer, songwriter, and pianist, who began performing in the 1940s and was a key figure in the transition from rhythm & blues to rock and roll in the mid-1950s. ... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


The success of these 'First Wave' artists was shortlived, and by the early '60s it began to fade. Between O'Keefe's last major hit in 1961 and Billy Thorpe's first hit in 1964, the local pop scene became noticeably blander and more conservative. The charts were dominated by clean-cut acts, like the members of the so-called "Bandstand family", most of whom were signed to Festival and were regular guests on Australia's leading TV pop show, 'Bandstand', which explicitly aimed to appeal to anyone "from eight to eighty". Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For a full history, see Billy Thorpe & The Aztecs. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...


Nevertheless, there were some exciting undercurrents. A notable alternative to the mainstream pop fare was the emergence of instrumental and 'surf' groups, notably The Atlantics and The Denvermen in Sydney, and Melbourne's, The Thunderbirds. Many of the players in these dance bands had come from the jazz scene, and were also strongly influenced by the R&B and "jump" music of performers like Louis Jordan. Others were inspired by figures like American surf guitar maestros Dick Dale and Duane Eddy, and particularly by the all-pervasive popularity of the Shadows and American band the Ventures. The Shadows' influence on Australasian pop and rock music of the Sixties and Seventies is still much underrated, and their lead guitarist Hank Marvin probably inspired more aspiring electric guitarists than any other figure in popular music until the advent of Eric Clapton and Jimi Hendrix. The Atlantics were an Australian surf rock band in the early 1960s and arguably Australias most successful of the genre. ... This article is about the surf guitarist. ... Duane Eddy (born April 26, 1938), is a Grammy winning guitarist. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Walk Dont Run (1960) The Ventures are a rock instrumental band formed in 1958, by Don Wilson and Bob Bogle, two Seattle masonry workers. ... Brian Robson Rankin (born 28 October 1941), better known by the stage name Hank B. Marvin, is the English lead guitarist for the band The Shadows. ... An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer, songwriter and composer. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ...


These instrumental outfits cut their teeth playing on the booming dance circuits in Australia's major cities and regional towns. Like Australian jazz bands of the period, these rock'n'roll musicians became extremely accomplished players. Because dance patrons in those days actually danced as couples to traditional rhythms, dance bands in Australia and New Zealand tended to play a much wider variety of musical styles than their American or British jazz counterparts — it was not unusual for Australasian bands of this period to have literally hundreds of songs in their repertoire, ranging from current rock'n'roll and pop hit to the standards of the Twenties, Thirties and Forties. Jazz is an American musical genre largely originated by African Americans but the style was rapidly and enthusiastically taken up by musicians all over the world, including Australia. ...


Many of these instrumental groups survived into the Beatles era by adding a lead singer, and several evolved into some of the top bands of that next wave. Surf music and local dance crazes like "The Stomp" were hugely popular at the time, even though they rarely rate a mention these days.


Although most of the Australian and New Zealand pop/rock music of this era went unheard by international audiences, a few Antipodean acts did manage to make an impression overseas. Singer Frank Ifield was one of the very first Australian postwar performers to gain widespread international recognition. He was hugely successful in the UK in the early Sixties, becoming the first performer to have three consecutive #1 hits there, and his biggest hit, "I Remember You" was#1 in the UK and was also a Top 5 hit in the U.S.A. Singer comedian and artist Rolf Harris also had several novelty hits during this period and went on to become a fixture on British television with his own popular variety show. Frank Ifield (born November 30, 1937) is an Australian/English easy listening country music singer. ... Rolf Harris, MBE (1968), OBE (1977), CBE (2006), AM (1989) (born 30 March 1930) is an Australian musician, composer, painter, and television host. ...


The Beat boom

Facilitated by the deep cultural, linguistic and economic links between Britain and its former colonies, the Beatles and other British Invasion groups had a massive impact on the Australasian music scene. Many of these bands toured Australia and New Zealand to wild receptions in the mid-Sixties. When The Beatles' epoch-making 1964 Australian tour arrived in Adelaide, an estimated 300,000 people — about one-third of the city's entire population at that time — turned out to see them as their motorcade made its way from the airport to the city. For other uses, see British Invasion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ...


The tours and recordings by these new 'Beat' groups revitalised the pop genre and inspired scores of new and established groups, who quickly developed a vibrant and distinctive local inflection of the 60s 'beat music' craze. The Easybeats and The Bee Gees are probably the best-known acts from this era to gain success outside Australia, but by the mid-Sixties there were literally hundreds of bands working almost every night of the week in Australia and New Zealand. The Easybeats were a rock and roll band from Australia. ... The Bee Gees: Maurice, Barry and Robin The Bee Gees were a British and Australian band, originally a pop singer-songwriter combination, reborn as funk and disco. ...


1964 – 1969: "Second Wave"

The period 19641969 is often classified as the 'Second Wave' of Australian rock. The leading acts of this period include Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs, pioneering beat duo Bobby & Laurie (Australia's first "long-haired" performers), the Easybeats, Ray Brown & The Whispers, Tony Worsley & The Fabulous Blue Jays, the Twilights, the Loved Ones, the Masters Apprentices, MPD Ltd, Mike Furber & The Bowery Boys, Ray Columbus & The Invaders, Max Merritt, Dinah Lee, Australia's most popular male singer Normie Rowe, The Groop, the Groove, Lynne Randell (who toured America with the Monkees and Jimi Hendrix), Johnny Young, John Farnham, Doug Parkinson, Russell Morris and Ronnie Burns. Also of note were cult acts such as the Missing Links, the Purple Hearts, The Wild Cherries, The Creatures and the Throb, who had only limited success at the time but whose 'heavier' sound would exert a significant influence on later bands like The Saints. British singer who is a huge icon of Australia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... British singer who is a huge icon of Australia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... John Peter Farnham (born July 1, 1949) is an English-born Australian pop singer. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs were an Australian pop and rock group dating from the mid-sixties. ... Bobby & Laurie was the name of a popular Australian singing duo of the 1960s, featuring Laurie Allen (vocals, guitar, keyboards) and Bobby Bright (vocals, guitar). ... The Easybeats were a rock and roll band from Australia. ... This article is about Ray Brown & The Whispers, the Australian rock band. ... The Twilights were a leading Australian pop music group of the late 1960s. ... The Loved Ones as a band name refers to both an Australian rock group from the 1960s and a punk rock group currently playing. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Max Merritt (born in Christchurch, New Zealand on 30 April 1941 is a New Zealand-born singer, songwriter and musician who is renowed for his prowess as an interpreter of soul music and R&B. He rose to prominence in New Zealand in the late 1950s and early 1960s before... Normie Rowe was the first and biggest solo star of Australian pop in the Sixties and Australias top male pop singer of the mid-Sixties. ... The Groove is the name of XM Satellite Radios Old School channel. ... Lynne Randell (1950 - June 8, 2007) was an Australian singer best known for her 1960s hit Ciao Baby. She also had hits with Heart and Going Out of My Head. Randell toured the United States with The Monkees and performed with Jimi Hendrix. ... The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Johnny Young (born John de Jong), born in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands, is an Australian singer, composer, producer, disc jockey and television producer and host. ... John Peter Farnham (born July 1, 1949) is an English-born Australian pop singer. ... Doug Parkinson is an Australian singer who first came to fame with his band Doug Parkinson In Focus in 1969 and had numerous hits on the Australian Top 40 charts. ... For the Australian rules footballer, see Russell Morris (footballer). ... Adopted son (nicknamed Ronnie) of comic actors George Burns and Gracie Allen. ... The Missing Links were a legendary Australian R&B group from the mid-1960s. ... The Purple Hearts were an Australian rock group, formed in Brisbane in 1964. ... {{Infobox_band | band_name = The Saints | image = | years_active = 1974–present | origin = Brisbane, Queensland, Australia | status = On tour, promoting their new album Imperious Delirium music_genre = Punk Alternative rock | record_label = Harvest Records Sire Mushroom Records | current_members = Chris Bailey Caspar Wijnberg Peter Wilkinson<br The Saints are an influential Australian punk band, formed in Brisbane...


It was during the '60s that New Zealand performers began to move to Australia in search of wider opportunities. Although their origins are often overlooked (in much the same way that Canadian performers like Neil Young and Joni Mitchell are routinely classified as "American") these trans-Tasman performers — people like Max Merritt, Mike Rudd, Dinah Lee, Ray Columbus, Dave Miller, Bruno Lawrence, Dragon and Split Enz — have exerted a tremendous influence on Australian popular music. This article is about the musician. ... Joni Mitchell, CC (born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943) is a Canadian musician, songwriter, and painter. ... Max Merritt (born in Christchurch, New Zealand on 30 April 1941 is a New Zealand-born singer, songwriter and musician who is renowed for his prowess as an interpreter of soul music and R&B. He rose to prominence in New Zealand in the late 1950s and early 1960s before... Mike Rudd is a New Zealand born musician and composer who has been based in Australia since the late 1960s , and who is best known as the leader of respected Australian progressive rock bands Spectrum and Ariel in the 1970s. ... Bruno Lawrence (February 12, 1941&#8211;June 10, 1995) was a musician and actor, born David Lawrence in Brighton, England. ... Dragon was the name of a popular New Zealand rock band, led by lead singer Marc Hunter and his brother Todd Hunter. ... Split Enz was a successful New Zealand band during the late 1970s and the early 1980s featuring brothers Tim Finn and Neil Finn. ...


Another significant Australian from this period, and one whose importance is only now beginning to be widely recognised, was the critic and journalist Lillian Roxon (19321973), who grew up in Brisbane but who was based in New York from 1959 until her premature death from asthma. She was a close friend of feminist writer Germaine Greer, photographer Linda McCartney, poet Delmore Schwartz, artist Andy Warhol and many musicians including Lou Reed. Roxon wrote the world's first Rock Encyclopedia, published in 1969, and her writings about pop music and musicians were central to the development of serious rock criticism and rock journalism in the late 1960s and 1970s. Lillian Roxon (1932-1973) was a noted Australian journalist and author. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Germaine Greer (born January 29, 1939) is an Australian-born writer, broadcaster and retired academic, widely regarded as one of the most significant feminist voices of the 20th century. ... Linda Louise Eastman McCartney (September 24, 1941 – April 17, 1998) was an American photographer, musician, and animal rights activist. ... Delmore Schwartz Delmore Schwartz (December 8, 1913 - July 11, 1966) was an American poet from Brooklyn, New York, called the greatest of American writers, whose work has a place in the hearts and minds of the everyman, adrift in the anguish of modernity (J. Kredell: A Smudge on the American... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... Lou Reed, born Lewis Allen Reed[1] March 2, 1942, is an American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ...


By far the most influential and popular music-related periodical of this period was the weekly magazine Go-Set, which was published from 1966 to 1975. Founded in Melbourne in 1966 by a group of former Monash University student including Philip Frazer. Tony Schauble and Doug Panther, Go-Set chronicled all of the major events, trends, fads and performers in Australian popular music, as well as featuring regular columns by renowned Melbourne radio DJ Stan Rofe and Aussie fashion designer Prue Acton. Go-Set was a legendary Australian rock music magazine published from 1966-1974. ... Robert Menzies Building at the Clayton Campus Monash University is a public university, with campuses located in Victoria, Malaysia and South Africa. ... Stan The Man Rofe (30 May 1930 – 16 May 2003) was Melbournes first and most influential rocknroll disc jockey. ...


Go-Set also published the first national Australian pop charts in October 1966 (all charts prior to this were state-based) and it gave extensive coverage to overseas musical developments -- it was one of the first international music papers to report on the emergence of Jimi Hendrix and two staff members -- writer Lily Brett and photographer Colin Beard -- travelled to the USA and the UK in mid-1967, reporting on the famous Monterey International Pop Festival and the burgeoning music scene in London, as well as chronicling the exploits of Australian musicians overseas including Normie Rowe and Lynne Randell. Another aspect of Go-Set's activities was it's exclusive reporting & promotion of Australia's prestigious annual rock band competition, Hoadley's Battle of the Sounds, which ran from 1966 to 1972. Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Lily Brett is an Australian writer and expatriate living in New York City. ... The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ... Normie Rowe was the first and biggest solo star of Australian pop in the Sixties and Australias top male pop singer of the mid-Sixties. ... Lynne Randell (1950 - June 8, 2007) was an Australian singer best known for her 1960s hit Ciao Baby. She also had hits with Heart and Going Out of My Head. Randell toured the United States with The Monkees and performed with Jimi Hendrix. ... Hoadleys Battle of the Sounds was an annual national rock/pop band competition held in Australia from 1966 to 1972. ...


Although it was explicitly established as a 'teen' magazine, in its later years, inspired by newer publications like Rolling Stone magazine, Go-Set took on a more mature presentation, with numerous rock performers including Jim Keays and Wendy Saddington writing for the magazine. In 1970 former columnist Ian Meldrum scored a world exclusive for Go-Set when he interviewed John Lennon in London, during which Lennon made his first public announcement that The Beatles were breaking up. This article is about the magazine. ... From video The Ultimate Kylie 2004 Ian Alexander Molly Meldrum OAM (born January 29, 1946 in Orbost, Victoria) is an Australian popular music critic, journalist, record producer, and musical entrepreneur, best known as talent co-ordinator, on-air interviewer and music news presenter on the popular music program Countdown. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ...


1970 – 1975: "Third Wave"

After a period of flux in the late 60s, during which almost all of the dominant 60s acts dissolved or faded from view, Australian rock moved into the so-called "The Third Wave" (1970 – 1975), a fertile period in which newer performers and veterans of the 60s Beat Boom coalesced into new formations and developed a more mature, progressive and distinctively Australian rock style. Some of these acts were successful within Australia, but few managed to achieve any lasting local or overseas success, due to the combination of poor management, lack of record company support and lack of radio exposure.


Early "Third Wave"

Until the late 1970s, many Australian performers found it hard to become established and to maintain their profile, because of the difficulty in getting airplay on radio. Until 1975, Australian pop radio was dominated by a clique of commercial broadcasters who virtually had the field to themselves and their influence over government was such that, incredibly, no new radio licences had been issued in any Australian capital city since the prevailing industry structure had been consolidated in the early 1930s. All commercial pop radio was broadcast on the AM band, in mono, and the commercial sector strenuously resisted calls to grant new licences, introduce community broadcasting and open up the FM band (then only used for TV broadcasts in Australia) even though FM rock radio was already well-established in the United States.


Many of the more progressively-oriented artists found themselves locked out of Australian commercial radio, which concentrated on high-rotation 3-minute pop single programming. This was a result of the widespread adoption of the American-inspired "More Music" format, which had been pioneered in Los Angeles with great success by the Drake-Chenault programming consultancy.


There was a great deal of innovative and exciting music produced; although few Australians got to hear more than a fraction of it at the time, this music is undergoing a major resurgence both locally and internationally, since Australia is one of the last untapped resources of 20th-century popular music.


Landmark acts of this period include Spectrum and its successor Ariel (band), Daddy Cool, Blackfeather, The Flying Circus,Tully (band), Tamam Shud, Russell Morris, Jeff St John & Copperwine, Chain, Billy Thorpe & The (new) Aztecs, Company Caine, Kahvas Jute, Country Radio, Max Merritt & The Meteors, The La De Das, Madder Lake, former Easybeats lead singer Stevie Wright, Wendy Saddington, The 69'ers, The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band and country-rock pioneers The Dingoes. For the British band of the same name, see Peter Kember Spectrum was an Australian progressive rock band which formed in Melbourne in 1969 and remained in existence until 1973. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Blackfeather was an Australian rock group in the 1970s. ... The Flying Circus were a well-known Australian country rock band who had a number of hits in Australia from 1968 to 1971 and then re-located to Canada from 1971 to 1974 where they also achieved a degree of success. ... Australian Progressive Rock Band. ... For the Australian rules footballer, see Russell Morris (footballer). ... For a full history, see Billy Thorpe & The Aztecs. ... Australian Progressive Rock Band. ... The La De Das were a leading New Zealand / Australian rock band of the 1960s and early 1970s. ... Stevie Wright is an Australian musician. ... The 69ers were a well known Australian rock/pop/jug/country band formed in Sydney in 1969. ... Arguably the most entertaining and best-loved Australian band of the early 1970s was The Captain Matchbox Whoopee Band. ... The Dingoes were an Australian rock band from 1973 to 1979. ...


Rock musicals were another important development in Australia at this time. The local production of Hair (musical) brought future "Queen of Pop" Marcia Hines to Australia in 1970. In 1972 the hugely successful and much-praised Sydney production of Jesus Christ Superstar premiered, and this production alone included Marcia Hines, Jon English, theatre legend Reg Livermore, the two main members of Air Supply, Stevie Wright and John Paul Young. It was directed by Jim Sharman, who went on to lasting international success as the director of the both the original stage production and the film version of The Rocky Horror Show. This article is about the musical. ... Marcia Hines (born July 23, 1953) is an American born singer who achieved great success in her adopted homeland of Australia. ... This article is about the rock opera. ... Jon English. ... Reg Livermore, born 11 December 1938, is an Australian actor, singer, theatrical performer and television presenter. ... Air Supply is a duo of soft rock musicians who had a succession of hits worldwide through the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... Stevie Wright is an Australian musician. ... John Paul Young John Paul Young (June 21, 1950–) is an Australian singer. ... Jim Sharman was born 12 March 1945 in Sydney, Australia, as James David Sharman. ... The Rocky Horror Show is a long running stage musical (opening in London initially, on June 19, 1973) that inspired the movie The Rocky Horror Picture Show. ...


Alongside the more obscure acts was a raft of successful pop-oriented groups and solo artists, including Sherbet, Hush, Ray Burgess, the Ted Mulry Gang (TMG) and John Paul Young, who went on to become the first Australian performer to have a major hit in multiple international markets with his perennial "Love Is In The Air" (1978) — a song which was, not coincidentally, written and produced by former Easybeats Harry Vanda and George Young, the masterminds behind many of the biggest Australian hits of the mid-to-late Seventies. The tail-end of the Second Wave gave birth to the record-breaking Skyhooks, who bridged the transition from the Third Wave into the period of the so-called New Wave music acts of the late 1970s and early 1980s. Sherbet was undoubtedly the most successful of these. Sherbet (a. ... Ted Mulry (September 2, 1947 &#8211; September 1, 2001) was a British born singer, songwriter and musician who achieved success in Australia with his band Ted Mulry Gang, sometimes officially credited as TMG. Mulry formed Ted Mulry Gang in 1972 after spending several years performing in Sydney, Australia pubs. ... John Paul Young John Paul Young (June 21, 1950–) is an Australian singer. ... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ...


The early 1970s also witnessed the first major rock festivals in Australia, which were closely modelled on the fabled Woodstock festival of 1969. The festival era was exemplified by the annual Sunbury music festival, held outside Melbourne, Victoria each January from 1972 to 1975. Although there were numerous other smaller festivals, most were not successful and failed to have the lasting impact of Sunbury. After the disastrous 1975 festival, which sent the promoters broke, large-scale festivals were considered too risky and were only rarely staged in Australia until the advent of the annual Big Day Out in the 1990s. A rock festival, or a rock fest, is a large-scale outdoor rock music concert, featuring multiple acts, often spread out over several days. ... Woodstock redirects here. ... The crowd watches a band at the 1972 festival. ... The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ...


Two important changes which had a dramatic affect the rock scene were the long-overdue introduction of colour television and FM radio in 1975. This period also saw the decline of the booming local dance and discotheque circuit that had flourished in the 1960s and early Seventies. These rock dances were a continuation of the social dance circuit that had thrived in Australia's cities and suburbs since the 1800s, and they were hugely popular from the late Fifties to the early Seventies, but they gradually faded in the early Seventies as the "Babby Boomer" generation grew into adulthood and changes to lecencing laws saw pubs take on an increasingly important role as venues for live music. // Invention of the Jacquard loom in 1801. ... A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the Great Britain, Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and other countries influenced by British cultural heritage. ...


From the 1950s to the early 1970s, the main venues for live music were discotheques (usually located in inner city areas), church, municipal and community halls, Police Boys' Clubs and beachside surf clubs. Bigger concerts and internatioal tours were usually staged in the few large-size venues, such as the legendary Sydney Stadium (originally built as a boxing arena), the Sydney Trocadero, and Brisbane and Melbourne Festival Hall. Such venues regularly attracted large numbers of young people because they were supervised, all-ages events — Australia's restrictive liquor licensing laws of the period meant that these venues and dances were almost always alcohol-free. The Sydney Stadium was a sporting and entertainment venue in Sydney, located Rushcutters Bay in Sydney. ... The Sydney Trocadero in Sydney, Australia, opened with a full-dress gala in January 1936. ...


According to rock historian Glenn A Baker, in 1965 there were up to 100 dances being held every weekend in and around Melbourne alone. The most popular groups frequently played almost every night of the week, commonly commuting around town, performing short sets at three or more different dances every night. It was a very lucrative circuit for musicians and even moderately popular acts could easily earn considerably more than the average weekly wage at that time. Glenn A. Baker (born 28 July 1952) is an Australian music journalist and rock music historian, well known in Australia for his vast knowledge of modern music. ...


The decline of the local dance circuit, combined with the fact that the baby boom teenagers of the Sixties were now ageing into adulthood, led to the rise of a thriving new city and suburban pub music circuit in the mid-70s, which in turn spawned a new generation of bands who cut their teeth in this often tough but formative training ground. A baby boom is any period of greatly increased birth rate during a certain period, and usually within certain geographical bounds. ... An amusingly named pub (the Old New Inn) at Bourton-on-the-Water, in the Cotswold Hills of South West England A pub in the Haymarket area of Edinburgh, Scotland A public house, usually known as a pub, is a drinking establishment found mainly in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada...


1974: Countdown

Main article: Countdown Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19, 1987. ...


Teen-oriented pop music still enjoyed strong popularity during the 1970s, although much of it was sourced from overseas, and the proportion of Australian acts in the charts had hit an all-time low by 1973. That trend began to change around 1975, thanks largely to the advent of a new weekly TV pop show, Countdown, in late 1974. It gained a huge audience and soon exerted a strong influence on radio programmers, because it was broadcast nationwide on Australia's government-owned broadcaster, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). Countdown was the most popular music programs in Australian TV history, and it had a marked effect on radio because of its loyal national audience — and the amount of Australian content it featured. Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19, 1987. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ...


The most important feature of Countdown was that it became a critical new interface between the record industry and radio. By the late 1970s, radio programmers ignored Countdown's hit picks at their peril. Host Ian "Molly" Meldrum also frequently used the show to castigate local radio for its lack of support for Australian music. Unlike commercial TV or radio, Countdown was not answerable to advertisers or sponsors, and (in theory) it was far less susceptible to influence from record companies. Like no other ABC program before or since, it openly and actively promoted the products of these private companies and even back in the Seventies, there's no doubt that there would have been a major controversy if the ABC had used its resources to promote the products of any other private industry so blatantly. Yet, it was able to do so because the public, the regulators and the policy-makers evidently regarded pop records and music videos as somehow standing outside the realm of everyday commerce. From video The Ultimate Kylie 2004 Ian Molly Meldrum (born January 29, 1946) is a popular Australian popular music critic, journalist, record producer, and musical entrepreneur, best known as talent co-ordinator, on-air interviewer and music news presenter on the seminal popular music program Countdown. ...


Countdown was crucial to the success of acts like John Paul Young, Sherbet, Skyhooks, Dragon and Split Enz, and it dominated Australian popular music well into the 1980s, although some critics felt that in later years it tended to concentrate on pop-oriented major-label acts and that it failed to reflect much of the exciting independent scene of the time. John Paul Young John Paul Young (June 21, 1950–) is an Australian singer. ... Dragon was the name of a popular New Zealand rock band, led by lead singer Marc Hunter and his brother Todd Hunter. ... Split Enz was a successful New Zealand band during the late 1970s and the early 1980s featuring brothers Tim Finn and Neil Finn. ...


1975: the establishment of Double Jay

Main article: Triple J Double J redirects here. ...

Double Jay banner
Double Jay banner

In the long term, one of the most important changes to the Australian music industry in the 1970s (and beyond) turned out to be the founding of the ABC's first all-rock radio station, Double Jay (2JJ) in Sydney in January 1975. It is indicative of the conservative nature of the Australian media and its regulators that Double Jay was the first new radio licence issued in an Australian capital city in more than 40 years. It was also Australia's first non-commercial 24-hour rock station, and the first to employ women disc jockeys. Old Double Jay banner from milesago. ... Old Double Jay banner from milesago. ...


Double-Jay's wide-ranging programming policies were influenced by British '60s pirate radio, the early programming of BBC Radio One, and the American album-oriented rock (AOR) format. The new station opened up the airwaves to a vast amount of new local music, introduced listeners to important overseas innovations like reggae, dub, progressive rock, punk and New Wave -- music that had been largely ignored by commercial radio. Double Jay also featured an unprecedented level of Australian content, and presented regular live concert broadcasts, comedy, controversial documentaries and innovative radiophonic features. The term Pirate Radio usually refers to illegal or unregulated radio transmission. ... BBC Radio 1 is a British radio station, specialising in popular music aimed at a young audience (children, teenagers and young adults). ... Album Oriented Rock, abbreviated AOR, was originally an American FM radio format focusing on album tracks by rock music artists rather than singles releases. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... For other uses, see Dub. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ...


Double-Jay quickly made a significant mark on the ratings in its target age group, much to the dismay of its major commercial competitor, Sydney's 2SM (then Australia's top rating and most profitable pop station) and, in concert with Countdown, Triple J was a crucial Australian outlet for the emerging punk and New Wave music styles of the late 1970s. Much of this music was considered too extreme for commercial radio and it is doubtful that much of it would have been heard otherwise, but after 1975 it soon became an established pattern for Double Jay to break new overseas acts like The Clash and The Police, or local acts like Midnight Oil and The Birthday Party, after which they were (usually) considered "safe" for commercial radio. 2SM is an Australian radio station, licensed to and serving Sydney, New South Wales, broadcasting on 1269 kilohertz on the AM band. ... Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19, 1987. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the rock band. ...


Despite the constant downplaying of its significance by the commercial sector, the importance and influence on Double Jay/Triple-J on the Australian music industry and Australian commercial radio cannot be underestimated.


The late 1970s

The advent Double Jay and Countdown fundamentally changed the political economy of Australian popular music, and the pub circuit gave rise to a newer generation of tough, uncompromising, adult-oriented rock bands.


One of the most popular Australian groups to emerge in this period was the classic Australian pub rock band Cold Chisel, which formed in Adelaide in 1973 and enjoyed tremendous success in Australia in the late 1970s and early 1980s, although they never managed to break into other countries. Pub rock is a style of Australian rock and roll popular throughout the 1970s and 1980s and still influencing contemporary Australian music today. ... This article is about the Australian pub rock band. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ...


Other popular acts from this transitional period include AC/DC, Skyhooks, Richard Clapton, Ol' 55, Jon English, Jo Jo Zep & The Falcons, The Angels, The Sports, The Radiators, Australian Crawl, Dragon, Rose Tattoo, Ross Wilson's Mondo Rock, acclaimed soul singers Marcia Hines and Renée Geyer and pioneering Australian punk/new wave acts The Saints (Mk I) and Radio Birdman. The band Sebastian Hardie became known as the first Australian symphonic rock band in the mid-70s, with the release of their debut Four Moments. This article is about the band. ... Richard Clapton (1951?-) is an Australian singer/songwriter. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jon English. ... Joe Camilleri (born 1948 in Malta) is a legendary Australian singer, songwriter and saxophonist. ... The Angels was a hard rock band that formed in Adelaide, Australia in 1970. ... The Sports was a popular Australian rock group that performed and recorded between 1977 and 1981. ... The Radiators are a rock band from Sydney, Australia, formed in 1978. ... Australian Crawl was an Australian rock band formed by James Reyne (lead vocals/piano) and Simon Binks (lead guitar) in 1978 and joined by Guy McDonough (co-lead vocals, rhythm guitar), Bill McDonough (drums, percussion), Paul Williams (bass guitar), and Brad Robinson (rhythm guitar). ... Dragon was the name of a popular New Zealand rock band, led by lead singer Marc Hunter and his brother Todd Hunter. ... Rose Tattoo is an Australian blues/hard rock band, led by Angry Anderson and slide guitarist Peter Wells. ... Mondo Rock are an Australian rock band. ... Marcia Hines (born July 23, 1953) is an American born singer who achieved great success in her adopted homeland of Australia. ... Renée Geyer. ... The Saints are an influential Australian rock and roll band, formed in Brisbane in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Radio Birdman was one of the first punk bands in Australia. ... Symphonic rock is a subgenre of rock music, and more specifically, progressive rock. ...


Three "Australian" acts that appeared towards the end of the Second Wave — AC/DC, Little River Band and Split Enz — and lasted into the late 1970s and early 1980s achieved the long sought-after international success that finally took Australasian rock onto the world stage.


The progression of the Australian independent scene from the late seventies uptil the early nineties is chronicled in Stranded: The Secret History of Australian Independent Music 1977 – 1991 (Pan Macmillan, 1996) by author and music journalist Clinton Walker. Stranded: The Secret History of Australian Independent Music 1977-1991 is a book about the Australian independent music scene from 1979 till 1991, as written by author and music journalist Clinton Walker. ... Clinton Walker is a leading historian of Australian popular music. ...


AC/DC

Main article: AC/DC

AC/DC are perhaps the most well-known rock group from Australia. They have sold millions of albums, toured the world several times over, broken countless attendance records, and influenced hard rock music the world over. This article is about the band. ...


From their humble beginnings, Scottish brothers Angus and Malcolm Young forged a hard-hitting, ball-breaking pub guitar sound. When Bon Scott joined the band to lend his unique vocal talent, the band began their 'long way to the top', shooting to the top of the Australian rock scene in 1974 – 75 and their song "It's A Long Way To The Top (If You Wanna Rock and Roll)". This song is now widely regarded as the Australian rock anthem. The band found a degree of international success, especially with the release of their Highway to Hell album. This was to be Bon Scott's last album. During the subsequent tour, Scott was discovered in the backseat of his car, having died of alcohol poisoning. This article is about the country. ...


The band found a new singer in English-born Brian Johnson and released their next album, Back In Black, in the early '80s. The U.S. took notice of the band with some of their finest songs, such as the title track and You Shook Me All Night Long, and the band became a huge international act that still endures to this day.


AC/DC are credited as a seminal influence by scores of leading hard rock and heavy metal music acts, and they are now rated the fifth-biggest selling group in U.S. recording history, with total sales of over 100 million records.


Little River Band

Main article: Little River Band Little River Band is an Australian rock band formed in Melbourne in 1975 and named after a road sign for the Victorian township of Little River, near Geelong. ...


The next important band of this period is the soft-rock-harmony group Little River Band. Resurrected from the ashes of an earlier band called Mississippi, LRB centred on a trio of seasoned veterans. Lead singer Glenn Shorrock had fronted Australian 60s pop idols The Twilights and singer-guitarists Beeb Birtles and Graeham Goble had been the core members of Mississippi; prior to that, Birtles had played bass in chart-topping Australian '60s pop group Zoot whose former lead guitarist Rick Springfield also became a solo star in the USA. Little River Band is an Australian rock band formed in Melbourne in 1975 and named after a road sign for the Victorian township of Little River, near Geelong. ... Little River Band on stage, 1979 Glenn Barrie Shorrock (born on June 30, 1944, in Chatham, Kent, UK) is an Australian singer and songwriter, best known as a founding member and lead singer of rock band, The Little River Band. ... The Twilights were a leading Australian pop music group of the late 1960s. ... Beeb Birtles is the professional name of Gerard Bertelkamp (born November 23, 1948 in Amsterdam, Netherlands), an Australian musician most famous as one of the founding members of the Little River Band. ... Graeham George Goble (born 15 May 1947 in Adelaide, Australia) [1] is a musician, singer/songwriter and record producer, best known as a founding member of rock performers Little River Band (LRB). ... Zoot was a four piece pop/rock band formed in Adelaide, South Australia in 1965. ... Rick Springfield (born Richard Lewis Springthorpe on August 23, 1949 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia) is a songwriter, musician and actor. ...


Under the guidance of manager Glenn Wheatley (former bassist in The Masters Apprentices, one of the top Australian bands of the Sixties) LRB became the first Australian band to achieve major ongoing chart and sales success in the United States. They achieved huge success in the late 70s and early 80s and their single "Reminiscing" now ranks as one of the most frequently-played singles in American radio history. [1] Glenn Wheatley (born 1948) is a disgraced [1] Australian artist manager and entertainment industry executive. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Punk, post-punk and early electronic music

By the late 1970s punk rock's influence had been felt throughout the world, and bands like The Saints and Radio Birdman (sometimes considered punk rock acts themselves) gained a loyal following (largely thanks to Double Jay and to a lesser extent Countdown). Following the punk movement several influential bands of this so-called post-punk era were The Birthday Party, led by Nick Cave. Australian musicians played and recorded some of the earliest punk rock. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... {{Infobox_band | band_name = The Saints | image = | years_active = 1974–present | origin = Brisbane, Queensland, Australia | status = On tour, promoting their new album Imperious Delirium music_genre = Punk Alternative rock | record_label = Harvest Records Sire Mushroom Records | current_members = Chris Bailey Caspar Wijnberg Peter Wilkinson<br The Saints are an influential Australian punk band, formed in Brisbane... Radio Birdman was one of the first punk bands in Australia. ... Triple J (JJJ) is a nationally-networked, government-funded Australian radio station (a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation), mainly aimed at youth (defined as those between 12 and 25). ... Countdown was a long-running popular weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from late 1974 until July 19, 1987. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... The Birthday Party was an Australian post punk rock group, active from 1977 to 1983. ... Nicholas Edward Cave (born 22 September 1957) is an Australian musician, songwriter, author, screenwriter, and occasional actor. ...


Other developments of the late 1970s were the appearance of early electronic musicians most notable of which were Sydney-based Severed Heads and Melbourne's Essendon Airport who began to experiment with tape-loops and synthesisers, but did not rise to prominence until the 1980s. Although completely underground until the late 1980s, by the late 1990s Severed Heads were widely cited in Australia and in other parts world as being significant influences on the development of electronic music genres such synth pop and industrial music. At the pop end of the scale, Mi-Sex scored a major hit with the single 'Computer Games' in 1980, which was one of the first Australian pop recordings to employ sequenced synthesiser backings. In 1980 producer Mark Moffatt pioneered dance technology by becoming the first in the world to use a Roland 808 rhythm composer and MC 4 digital sequencer on record with his studio project the Monitors. Prior to that he had produced (I'm) Stranded with the Saints.and then al was good For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... A photo of The Severed Heads from the back of the album Since The Accident. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... Essendon Airport was an Australian post-punk group from the late 1970s who explored experimental minimalist, electronic and funk music. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Synth pop is a style of popular music in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... It has been suggested that Chicago Industrial be merged into this article or section. ... Mi-Sex is a New Zealander rock band during 1978 unitl 1985,led by Steve Gilpin as vocalist. ...


1980s

While many Australasian bands from the 1980s remained cult acts outside of Australia, some, including Little River Band, Men at Work, AC/DC, INXS, Midnight Oil, and later Crowded House and Kylie Minogue, found wide success throughout the decade. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Little River Band is an Australian rock band formed in Melbourne in 1975 and named after a road sign for the Victorian township of Little River, near Geelong. ... This article has been selected as the current Australian Collaboration of the Fortnight! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... This article is about the band. ... INXS (pronounced In Excess) are an Australian rock group. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Crowded House is a rock group formed in Melbourne, Australia, and led by New Zealand musician and singer-songwriter Neil Finn. ... Kylie Ann Minogue (IPA: [1]) (born May 28, 1968) is a Brit and Grammy award-winning Australian pop singer-songwriter and occasional actress. ...


Critically-acclaimed acts like The Church, Hunters & Collectors, Hoodoo Gurus, the second incarnation of The Saints and a new band formed by Nick Cave and Mick Harvey, Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, developed strong followings in Europe and other regions. More commercial acts such as singer John Farnham were very successful for many years within Australia, but remain largely unknown outside the country. The Church are an Australian rock band formed in Sydney in 1980. ... Hunters & Collectors, often referred to as the Hunnas by their fans, were an Australian rock band, formed in Melbourne in 1980. ... Hoodoo Gurus are a rock band from Sydney, Australia, although three of the original members Dave Faulkner, Rod Radalj and James Baker were originally from Perth. ... The Saints are an influential Australian rock and roll band, formed in Brisbane in 1972 (see 1972 in music). ... Michael John Harvey (born 29 September 1958 in Rochester, Victoria, Australia), is an Australian rock musician, composer, arranger and record producer. ... Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds is a successful rock band with international personnel. ... John Peter Farnham (born July 1, 1949) is an English-born Australian pop singer. ...


Farnham's commercial comeback was one the biggest success stories in Australian music in that decade, the former "King of Pop" spent years out of favour with the public and the industry, often reduced to working in suburban clubs, but he bounded back onto the charts in 1986 with the album Whispering Jack, which became the biggest-selling album of that year and remains one of the biggest selling Australian records. Not coincidentally, his manager was Glenn Wheatley, former manager of Little River Band. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Glenn Wheatley (born 1948) is a disgraced [1] Australian artist manager and entertainment industry executive. ...


Renowned artists such as singer-songwriter Paul Kelly and his band The Coloured Girls (renamed The Messengers for America), ambient-rock-crossover act Not Drowning, Waving, the darkwave-world music group Dead Can Dance and Aboriginal-band Yothu Yindi drew inspiration from uniquely Australian concerns, particularly from the land, which garnered them critical appraisal within Australia, and found international listeners. Paul Kelly redirects here. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Not Drowning, Waving were a musical group formed in Melbourne, Australia in 1983 (though they first performed as a group in 1984) by David Bridie and John Phillips. ... Darkwave, also written as dark wave, is an umbrella term which refers to a movement that began in the late 1970s, coinciding with the popularity of new wave. ... World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... Dead Can Dance is a band comprising Lisa Gerrard and Brendan Perry. ... Australian Aborigines are the main indigenous people of Australia. ... Yothu Yindi (Yolngu for child and mother. ...


The decade also saw perhaps the most concerted examination of the routine and everyday aspects of suburban and inner-city life since perhaps The Executives 1960's classic "Summer Hill Road." This approach was explored not only by Paul Kelly and the aforementioned Coloured Girls (in songs like "From St. Kilda To Kings Cross" and "Leaps and Bounds" but also by bands such as The Little Heroes (eg "Melbourne is Not New York"), John Kennedy's Love Gone Wrong (eg "King Street") and The Mexican Spitfires (eg "Sydney Town" and "Town Hall Steps." Paul Kelly redirects here. ... Little Heroes was a populor Australian rock band in the 1980s. ... John Kennedys Love Gone Wrong John Kennedy is a Sydney-based singer songwriter with a penchant for strong melodies and heart on your sleeve pop songs often with a country and western affection. ... The Mexican Spitfires were a Sydney Australia based indie rock/indie pop band formed in suburban Strathfield in the Strathfield Municipality in the mid 1980s. ...


The 1980s was a boom period in many ways, and it produced scores of great bands and some of the best Australian pop-rock recordings. This includes widely praised, popular and influential acts such as The Models, Laughing Clowns, Sunnyboys, Hunters & Collectors, Machinations, Matt Finish, Hoodoo Gurus, Divinyls, The Dugites, The Numbers, The Swingers, Spy Vs Spy, Eurogliders, Mental As Anything, Boom Crash Opera, The Go-Betweens, I'm Talking, Do Ré Mi, Real Life, The Reels, The Stems, The Triffids, Icehouse, Redgum, Goanna, 1927, Noiseworks, GANGgajang , The Black Sorrows and The Zorros. These acts often topped the Australian charts but never quite gained the international success that many critics felt they deserved, although many continued with loyal followings well into the 1990s. Models were an alternative rock group from Melbourne, Australia, formed in August 1978 and splitting in 1987. ... Laughing Clowns were an Australian rock and roll band fronted by vocalist and guitarist Ed Kuepper and backed by drummer Jeff Wegener. ... Sydney band The Sunnyboys remain one of the most highly regarded and best-loved bands of the Australian post-punk era. ... Hunters & Collectors, often referred to as the Hunnas by their fans, were an Australian rock band, formed in Melbourne in 1980. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Matt Finish, an Australian guitar-based rock band, was formed in the late seventies. ... Hoodoo Gurus are a rock band from Sydney, Australia, although three of the original members Dave Faulkner, Rod Radalj and James Baker were originally from Perth. ... Divinyls are an Australian rock music band. ... The Dugites The Dugites were a Perth band who formed in the late 70s. ... The Numbers may mean: The ABC TV show Lost, in which The Numbers (4, 8, 15, 16, 23, and 42) are a key element. ... The Swingers were a New Zealand rock band. ... Spy vs. ... The Eurogliders were formed in 1980 in Perth, Western Australia. ... Mental As Anything is an Australian New Wave/rock music band who, since the late 70s have released numerous albums & singles and have produced many innovative music videos. ... Boom Crash Opera formed in Melbourne (Australia) in 1985 around the songwriting partnership of Richard Pleasance (Guitar/Bass/Vocals 1985 - 1992) and Peter Farnan (Guitar/Bass/Keys/Vocals) Boom Crash Opera also includes Dale Ryder (Lead Vocals), Peter Maslen (Drums), Greg Spock OConner (Keys/Guitar) and Ian Tilley (Bass... The Go-Betweens during recording of Oceans Apart: l-r Robert Forster and Grant McLennan The Go-Betweens were an internationally influential indie rock band from Australia, formed by guitarists Robert Forster and Grant McLennan in Brisbane in 1977. ... Im Talking was a 1980s Australian funk-pop rock band, noted for launching vocalist Kate Ceberano. ... Do-Re-Mi aka Do-Ré-Mi were an Australian Rock/Pop band formed in Sydney in 1981 when Deborah Conway (lead vocals) and Dorland Bray (drums, percussion, backing vocals) joined Helen Carter (bass, backing vocals) and later recruited Stephen Philip (guitar). ... Real Life was an Australian New Wave band that had hits with their debut single, Send Me an Angel (1983) and with Catch Me, Im Falling (1984), both of which were featured on their debut album Heartland (1983). ... The Reels was an Australian rock music group which performed and recorded between 1978 and 1991. ... The Stems formed in Perth, Western Australia in 1983 and played music that was heavily influenced by 1960s garage rock and 1970s power pop. ... The Triffids were an Australian rock band who achieved some international success in the 1980s. ... Icehouse is an Australian band, originally billed as Flowers, best known in Australia in the late 1970s Sydney pub scene and later in the early to mid 80s for more mainstream success and radio airplay. ... Redgum were an Australian folk and political music group. ... For other uses, see Goanna (disambiguation). ... 1927 was an Australian rock band, popular in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Noiseworks was an Australian rock band that formed in Sydney in 1985. ... GANGgajang are an Australian band who had their major success in 1985 with the release of their self-titled debut album. ... The Black Sorrows are an Australian band founded by Joe Camilleri. ... The Zorros were an Australian rock band, formed in 1979. ...


One especially noteworthy group in this period was the pioneering Aboriginal group Warumpi Band from the Northern Territory, whose landmark single "Jailanguru Pakarnu (Out from Jail)" was the first rock single ever recorded in an Aboriginal language. Once again Triple J were instrumental in bringing this band to public attention, as were Midnight Oil, who took the group on national tours with them. Their classic 1987 single "My Island Home" was successfully covered by Christine Anu in the 1990s. The Warumpi Band was an Australian band from the bush, coming from Papunya, Northern Territory, Australia. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Christine Anu (born 1970) is an Australian pop singer from Cairns, Queensland. ...


Detroit rock bands such as the Celibate Rifles, The Lime Spiders and The Hitmen would serve as a link between the garage rock revival of the 1980s and the grunge scene to follow. Detroit rock is the name for a style of Australian indie rock, particularly popular in Sydney in the 1980s. ... The Celibate Rifles are a hard rock band from Sydney, Australia. ... The Hitmen were an Australian indie rock band. ... Garage rock is a raw form of rock and roll that was first popular in the United States and Canada from about 1963 to 1967. ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that became a commercially successful offshoot of hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ...


1990s — Indie Rock

Throughout the developed world, indie rock of various kinds became more popular during the 1990s, especially grunge rock. As in other countries, independent music festivals also saw a resurgence in popularity, most notably the Big Day Out (which began in Sydney in 1992) attracted and helped build the careers of many Australian acts as well as showcasing international artists to a local audience. Notable Australian independent acts of the time included the Falling Joys from Canberra; Regurgitator, Powderfinger, Screamfeeder and Custard from Brisbane; The Living End, Dirty Three, The Whitlams, Magic Dirt and The Meanies from Melbourne; Jebediah from Perth, RatCat, The Clouds, You Am I, The Crystal Set from Sydney; and Silverchair, who began as a teenage combo in Newcastle, were discovered by Triple-J and have since become one of the most successful Australian bands of all time. The changes brought about in this period and the aforementioned bands are discussed in the book The Sell-In by music journalist Craig Mathieson. Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 890 KB)The Datsuns playing the Big Day Out. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 890 KB)The Datsuns playing the Big Day Out. ... The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ... Image File history File links Savagegardenalbum. ... Image File history File links Savagegardenalbum. ... For the eponymous debut album, see Savage Garden (album). ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that was inspired by hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Falling Joys was an Australian alternative rock band formed in Canberra in 1985. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Regurgitator is an Australian rock band from Brisbane, currently consisting of lead singer/guitarist Quan Yeomans, bassist Ben Ely, drummer Peter Kostic and keyboardist Seja Vogel. ... Powderfinger is an Australian rock band. ... Screamfeeder are a rock band from Brisbane, Australia. ... Custard was an Australian indie rock band from Brisbane formed in 1990. ... For other uses, see Brisbane (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Australian band. ... Dirty Three is an instrumental rock band, formed in 1993, in Melbourne, Australia by Warren Ellis (violin), Mick Turner (electric guitar), and Jim White (drums). ... The Whitlams is an Australian band famous for songs such as No Aphrodisiacand Blow up the Pokies. The Whitlams sound can best be described as Piano rock founded in lyrics of charming cynicism. The bands name is a tribute to former Australian Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam. ... Magic Dirt at the 2004 Big Day Out Magic Dirt is an Australian rock band, formed in 1992 in Geelong, Australia. ... The Meanies are an Australian indie rock band. ... Jebediah is an alternative/pop rock band from Perth, Western Australia. ... RatCat were a Sydney indie rock band of the early 1990s, fronted by Simon Day. ... The Clouds were an indie rock band from Sydney, Australia formed in 1989. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Crystal Set was a Sydney-based Australian indie rock band formed in the late 1980s featuring Russell Kilbey (bass and lead vocals), Phillip Maher (guitar & vocals), Craig Moore (keyboards & vocals) and Tim Seckhold (drums). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the band. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Born 1971 in rural Victoria, Australia, Craig Mathieson is a music journalist and author of the books Hi Fi Days (Allen & Unwin, 1996) and The Sell-In (Allen & Unwin, 2000). ...


Far and away the biggest commercial success of the 1990s was electropop duo Savage Garden. They shot to fame in 1996, scoring huge hits in Australia, Asia, Europe and America. They became the first Australian act since Men At Work to score two #1 U.S. hits, and their 1999 album Affirmation sold over 5 million copies in the United States. alone. A 2004 report in The Sydney Morning Herald rated their album Savage Garden at #4 and "Affirmation" at #15 in the list of the 25 biggest-selling albums (from any country) over the last ten years in Australia. Electropop (also called Technopop) is a form of synth pop music that is made with synthesizers, and which first flourished from 1978 to 1981. ... For the eponymous debut album, see Savage Garden (album). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


While overseas hip-hop became quite popular in Australia in the early 1990s, and a number of artists began performing it, virtually none of them were signed to record deals or saw mainstream airplay. The one exception was Sound Unlimited, who released one successful album in 1992. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The 1990s also saw a rise in popular Australian music and videos for young children, particularly The Wiggles and Hi-5. The Wiggles is an Australian band. ... Hi-5 may refer to: an Australian/American childrens television program a Greek girl band. ...


2000s

Triple J's Come Together festival
Triple J's Come Together festival

Australia's predilection for rock never really went away, despite the enthusiasm for dance music in the late 1990s. Several Australian rock bands saw international success in Europe and the US. Notable examples include The Vines, who rose to prominence in the UK before becoming known in Australia, The Butterfly Effect, and Jet. Jet, influenced by seminal 1960s acts such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones, had their single "Are You Gonna Be My Girl" used in an Apple iPod commercial, and consequently have sold 3 million copies in the US alone. Another band with great success is Wolfmother, a hard rock band, very influenced by 70's psychedelic rock and heavy metal bands, like Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple. In 2007 Wolfmother were awarded a Grammy for best hard rock performance for their extremely successful single "Woman". Miscellaneous band (cant remember which one it was) playing at Triple Js Come Together festival (held Saturday 23 Apr 2005) at Luna Park in Sydney, Australia. ... Miscellaneous band (cant remember which one it was) playing at Triple Js Come Together festival (held Saturday 23 Apr 2005) at Luna Park in Sydney, Australia. ... Double J redirects here. ... The Vines are an Australian garage rock band notable for producing a raw musical hybrid of 60s rock and 90s alternative music. ... The Butterfly Effect are a hard rock band from Brisbane, Australia, formed in 1999. ... For other uses, see Jet. ... Rolling Stones redirects here. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in October 2001. ... Wolfmother is an Australian hard rock band from Sydney, New South Wales. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rock band. ...


Apart from those bands which achieved international success, one of the well known Australian rock bands of the 2000s was Grinspoon. They first achieved success in the music industry in 1995 after being Unearthed by Triple J, and have been a mainstay of festivals such as the Big Day Out ever since. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Unearthed is the name of a Triple J project to find and dig up (hence the name) hidden talent in regional Australia. ...


Domestically, roots music, seemingly a catch-all term for somewhat more laid-back acoustic music covering blues, country and folk influences, came to some prominence, including John Butler leading the John Butler Trio, and the plaintive harmonies of The Waifs. A number of "blues and roots" festivals have sprung up and are attracting large audiences. Traditional Music is a quasi-synonym for folk music. ... John Butler (born 1 April 1975 in Torrance, California) is an Australian musician having moved to Australia on 26 January 1986 with his Australian father and American mother. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Waifs is a folk rock band from Western Australia. ...


As well as these uniquely "Aussie Bands", 2005 in particular sparked many brand new Australian "indie rock" bands such as End Of Fashion who won ARIA awards for their debut self-titled album and hit song "Oh Yeah" (as well as performing at the Homebake festival and appearing on talk show Rove Live several times). There is also Kisschasy who appeared in concert on October 2, 2005 with teen favourite Simple Plan. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Homebake is an annual Australian rock festival, featuring an all-Australian lineup (with the occasional artist from New Zealand). ... Rove, formerly Rove Live is a Logie Award winning Australian weekly television talk show hosted by and named after Perth-born comedian Rove McManus. ... Kisschasy is an alternative/pop punk band from Melbourne, Australia. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Simple Plan is a pop-punk band from Montreal, Quebec, Canada—all five members are French-Canadians who were born in the province of Quebec. ...


Even at the commercial end of popular music, more attention was finally being paid towards "real" musicians, especially female singers-songwriters. A wave of female fronted, PJ Harvey-esque bands emerged in Australia during the early 00's, most notably Little Birdy and Love Outside Andromeda. And with the phenomenial success of Missy Higgins, artists such as Sarah Blasko and others have found themselves a strong following. The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... Polly Jean Harvey (born 9 October 1969) is an English musician and songwriter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bold text==History==Bold text Melbournes Love Outside Andromeda formed in 2000 as Andromeda, the brainchild of Sianna Lee - an ambitious bedroom guitarist with a knack for confessional-style song writing. ... Missy Higgins (born Melissa Morrison Higgins on August 19, 1983[1]) is an award-winning Australian singer-songwriter, best known for her hit singles Scar and The Special Two off her debut album The Sound of White. ... Sarah Blasko (born September 23, 1976) is an Australian musician. ...


Hardcore punk

Main article: Australian hardcore

Australian hardcore punk is an active rock music subgenre with a dedicated following. Many bands never tour outside their home state but enjoy a relatively large local fanbase. Recorded material of their work may be hard to acquire as live shows are the mainstay of the scene. Hardcore punk is a punk rock genre with a dedicated following in Australia. ...


The Do-It-Yourself (DIY) ethic is strong with local distributors and small record labels active in most capital cities. As in the United States some bands are relatively straight edge or are influenced by particular political views or religious convictions.


The strong sense of DIY ethics embarrassed by independent street press and community radio stations mostly in Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth forms a breeding ground for creative artist who wish to explore the audio septum as seen in Sticky Carpet rockumentary of Melbourne music scene. Sticky Carpet : Melbournes Underground Rockumentary is a 2006 documentary film by Mark Butcher, Glenn Waterworth and Pip Stafford. ...


In recent years, Australian hardcore bands have been growing in fanbase and success, the most notable being Byron Bay's Parkway Drive signing to American punk/hardcore record label Epitaph Records. Also by 2003 Brody Dalle of The Distillers, from Melbourne, became a major influence with the music scene with the album Coral Fang. Parkway Drive are a metalcore band from Byron Bay, New South Wales, Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
AURANET - Welcome to the homesite of the Australian Rock Art Research Association, Inc. (338 words)
AURA (the Australian Rock Art Research Association, Inc.) was founded in October 1983 and within five years became the world's largest rock art organisation.
AURA's membership of rock art scholars is dedicated to the study and preservation of rock art in Australia and the world, and to the promotion of indigenous custodianship of traditional indigenous cultural heritage.
The second edition of the standard handbook of rock art studies, Rock art science: the scientific study of palaeoart is now available.
How old is Australian Rock Art? - Aboriginal Art Online (1730 words)
Australian rock art, while extensive and in places of great age, is nevertheless not the oldest in the world.
In the case of rock painting in Australia, dates have been obtained for pigment directly on the walls and for painted fragments buried in deposits of campsite material.
As well as rock art, ochre has many other uses in modern Aboriginal ceremony, and is repeatedly found in association with burial not only in Australia but also in other parts of the world.
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