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Encyclopedia > Australian Rugby League

The Australian Rugby League (ARL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in Australia. It is made up of state bodies, including the New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) and the Queensland Rugby League (QRL). The ARL Board comprises three members from the NSWRL, three members from the QRL and a chairman who holds the casting vote. The current ARL chairman is Colin Love. Image File history File links ARL_1998. ... Rugby league is a team sport played by two teams of 17 players, with 13 on the field at any one time and 4 on the bench (reserves). ... The New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in New South Wales. ... The logo of the Queensland Rugby League. ...

Contents

History

1924-1994: Control of international matters

The Australian Rugby League Board of Control (later the Australian Rugby League) was formed in December 1924 to administer the running of the national team. George Ball was the first secretary of the Board and John La Maro the first chairman. Prior to this time, international rugby league was organised by the NSWRL and the QRL. It was only after this time that the Australian team began to wear the now familiar sporting colours of Green and Gold. During this period it as known as the ARFL, (Australian Rugby Football League). 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Until 1984 the ARL was run by the NSWRL, and many Queensland players and administrators throughout this period believed that the NSWRL used this power to the detriment of Queenslanders, especially with respect to national team selection. Ken Arthurson was the first executive chairman of the separate secretariete. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


1995-1997: Control of the first grade competition

In 1995 the ARL took control of the Winfield Cup competition from the NSWRL, following the inclusion of teams from Perth, Townsville and Auckland. Image File history File linksMetadata Optus1996. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Winfield Cup was an Australian rugby league trophy awarded to the winner of the New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) Grand Final from 1982 to 1994, and to the winner of the Australian Rugby League (ARL) Grand Final in 1995. ... Perth is the capital of the Australian state of Western Australia. ... Townsville redirects here. ... The Auckland Metropolitan Area, or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ...


Kerry Packer's announcement that he owned both free-to-air and pay television broadcasting rights for the sport was the catalyst for News Limited to create a rival competition, Super League (Australia). Both competitions ran in parallel in 1997. Despite the financial clout of both News Limited and Optus (the ARL's principal backer), it was not viable to run two competitions and the National Rugby League was formed from the ARL and Super League competitions. Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer AC (17 December 1937 – 26 December 2005) was an Australian publishing, media and gaming tycoon. ... News Limited was the principal holding for the business interests of Rupert Murdoch until the formation of News Corporation in 1979. ... Super League was a rugby league competition that was held in Australia in 1997. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Singtel Optus Pty Ltd is the second largest telecommunications company in Australia, and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of SingTel (ASX: SGT). ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the premier rugby league competition in Australia and New Zealand. ...


Australian Rugby League Grand Finals

Year Score
1995 Canterbury def. Manly 17-4
1996 Manly def. St. George 20-8
1997 Newcastle def. Manly 22-16

1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Population: 42,258 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TR145575 Administration District: City of Canterbury Shire county: Kent Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Kent Historic county: Kent Services Police force: Kent Police Ambulance service: South East Coast Post office and... The Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ... The Saint George Dragons was a team in the National Rugby League competition in Australia. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Newcastle Knights are a National Rugby League team based in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. ... The Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles are a team in the National Rugby League (NRL), the premier rugby league football competition in Australia. ...

1998-present

Today the ARL is responsible for administering the State of Origin competition, the New South Wales City-Country competition and the national team, the Kangaroos. Australia team jersey The Australian national rugby league side represents Australia at rugby league. ...


ARL Foundation

The ARL Foundation, also known as ARL Development, is a non-profit company formed by the ARL and NRL to develop the sport from an introductory level to the age of 18 years. In achieving this , the ARL Foundation has developed new modified codes that gradually introduce children to rugby league. This is done by restricting the rules and then gradually releasing these restrictions.


The two introductory modified codes currently in use are mini footy and mod league. On completion of mod league, players make a move to full international rugby league laws.


Mini footy

To provide a safer and less intimidating environment, the following changes have been made to the international rugby league laws:

  • 3x19minute periods
  • 8 players per team
  • 4 tackles
  • No kicking
  • Tackles below armpits
  • Small field and football
  • Every player has a minimum of one full period
  • Nationally accredited coaches, referees and first aid officers
  • Code of Conduct and safe play code enforced

These modifications are aimed at providing a child with a safe environment, a firm knowledge of the rules of the sport and time to practice the skills such as tackling, passing and common defensive and attacking tactics.


Mod league

Mod league introduces rules more common to the full international laws of rugby league, whilst also keeping the theme of being an introductory level. It is a necessary bridge between mini footy and the full rigours of international rugby league laws.


Similarities with Mini footy:

  • Tackle below armpits
  • Code of Conduct and safe play code enforced
  • Every player has a minimum of one half
  • Nationally accredited coaches, referees and first aid officers

Changes to bridge the gap between mini footy to rugby league:

  • Kicking (without bombs)
  • 2x20 minute halves
  • Maximum number of players per team on the field at once is 11 at ages 9, 10, 11 and 13 at age 12
  • 6 tackles

Members

The New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in New South Wales. ... The logo of the Queensland Rugby League. ...

Affiliated states

The logo of the Northern Territory Rugby League. ... The logo of the South Australian Rugby League. ... The Tasmanian Rugby League is responsible for administering the game of rugby league in the Australian state of Tasmania. ... The logo of the Victorian Rugby League. ... The logo of the Western Australia Rugby League. ...

Affiliated leagues

  • Australian Secondary Schools Rugby League
  • Australian Universities Rugby League
  • School Sports Australia
  • Australian Police Rugby League
  • Australian Women's Rugby League

See also

Australia team jersey The Australian national rugby league side represents Australia at rugby league. ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the premier rugby league competition in Australia and New Zealand. ... The Rugby League State of Origin is an annual series of three interstate rugby league matches between the Queensland Maroons and the New South Wales Blues. ...

External link

  • Official site
Rugby League in Oceania

Competitions
National Rugby League | State of Origin | Pacific Cup | Pacific Rim Championship Rugby league is a team sport played by two teams of 17 players, with 13 on the field at any one time and 4 on the bench (reserves). ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the premier rugby league competition in Australia and New Zealand. ... The Rugby League State of Origin is an annual series of three interstate rugby league matches between the Queensland Maroons and the New South Wales Blues. ... The Pacific Cup is a rugby league competition for international teams from the pacific region. ... The Pacific Rim Championship is a rugby league competition, sanctioned by the Rugby League International Federation and organized by both the New Zealand Rugby League and Pacific Island Rugby League Association (PIRLA). ...

National teams
American Samoa | Australia | Cook Islands | Fiji | New Caledonia | New Zealand | Niue | Papua New Guinea| Samoa | Tokelau | Tonga

Federation Links
Australian RL | New South Wales RL | Queensland RL | New Zealand RL The New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in New South Wales. ... The logo of the Queensland Rugby League. ... The New Zealand Rugby League (NZRL) is the governing body for the sport of Rugby League in New Zealand. ...


Rugby league in Australia

Kangaroos (national team) Rugby league is a team sport played by two teams of 17 players, with 13 on the field at any one time and 4 on the bench (reserves). ... Australia team jersey The Australian national rugby league side represents Australia at rugby league. ...

Governing bodies
Australian Rugby League | New South Wales Rugby League | New South Wales Country Rugby League | Northern Territory Rugby League | Queensland Rugby League | South Australian Rugby League | Victorian Rugby League | Western Australia Rugby League | Tasmanian Rugby League The New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in New South Wales. ... The New South Wales Country Rugby League (NSWCRL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in all areas in New South Wales that are outside the Sydney metropolitan area. ... The logo of the Northern Territory Rugby League. ... The logo of the Queensland Rugby League. ... The logo of the South Australian Rugby League. ... The logo of the Victorian Rugby League. ... The logo of the Western Australia Rugby League. ... The Tasmanian Rugby League is responsible for administering the game of rugby league in the Australian state of Tasmania. ...

National competitions
National Rugby League | State of Origin The National Rugby League (NRL) is the premier rugby league competition in Australia and New Zealand. ... The Rugby League State of Origin is an annual series of three interstate rugby league matches between the Queensland Maroons and the New South Wales Blues. ...

NSWRL competitions
Jersy Flegg | Premier League | Jim Beam Cup The NSWRL Premier League is a second-teir Rugby League competition played in New South Wales, administered by the NSWRL and run concurrently with the NRL. The competition, which in 2006 will be made up of 13 NSW-based clubs, includes both reserve teams of NRL clubs and stand-alone... The Jim Beam Cup is a semi-professional development level rugby league competition in New South Wales (NSW), Australia run jointly by the NSW Rugby League (NSWRL) and the NSW Country Rugby League (CRL). ...

CRL competitions
Group 1 Rugby League | Group 2 Rugby League | Group 3 Rugby League | Group 4 Rugby League | Group 6 Rugby League | Group 7 Rugby League | Group 8 Rugby League | Group 9 Rugby League | Group 10 Rugby League | Group 11 Rugby League | Group 12 Rugby League | Group 14 Rugby League | Group 15 Rugby League | Group 16 Rugby League | Group 17 Rugby League | Group 18 Rugby League | Group 20 Rugby League | Group 21 Rugby League | Newcastle Rugby League | Illawarra Rugby League | Central Coast Rugby League | Castlereagh Cup | Bogan Cup | Woodbridge Cup | Mid-West Cup Group 1 is a rugby league competition in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 2 is a rugby league competition on the north coast of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 3 is a rugby league competition on the north coast of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 4 is a rugby league competition in the New England area of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 6 is a rugby league competition in New South Wales, Australia, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 7 is a Rugby league competition comprised of 9 teams drawn from the South Coast region (from the town of Albion Park south to Batemans Bay) of New South Wales, Australia. ... The Group 8 rugby league competition is more commonly known as the Canberra & Districts Rugby League (CDRL), covering the Australian Capital Territory and surrounding New South Wales towns such as Queanbeyan and Yass. ... Brothers 1st grade side in action This article is about the rugby competition. ... Group 10 is a rugby league competition in the Central West area of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 11 is a rugby league competition in the Central West area of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 18 is the name of a defunct rugby league competition based around the outback city of Broken Hill in New South Wales, Australia. ... Group 14 is a rugby league competition in central New South Wales, Australia, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 15 is the name of a defunct rugby league competition based north-western New South Wales, Australia. ... Group 16 is a rugby league competition on the south coast of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 17 is a rugby league competition in the lower Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ... Group 18 is the name of a rugby league competition on the far north coast of New South Wales, Australia. ... Group 20 is a Rugby League competition held in the Riverina region of New South Wales. ... Group 21 Rugby League is a local rugby league competition, run under the control of the Country Rugby League. ... The Newcastle Rugby League is a rugby league competition in Newcastle, Australia. ... The Illawarra Rugby League is a rugby league competition in Wollongong, NSW. It is one of the oldest rugby league competitions in Australia, founded in 1911 with five clubs (Dapto, Helensburgh, Mount Keira, Unanderra and Wollongong). ... The Central Coast Division of Country Rugby League is a rugby league competition based on the Central Coast of New South Wales between Sydney and Newcastle. ... The Castlereagh Cup is a rugby league competition in western New South Wales, Australia, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. ...

QRL competitions
Queensland Cup | FOGS Cup & FOGS Colts Challenge | Brisbane Rugby League premiership | Bulimba Cup | Foley Shield | Winfield State League | South East Division | Southern Division | Wide Bay Division | Northern Division | Central Division | South West Division The Queensland Cup is a rugby league competition in Queensland, Australia. ... The FOGS Cup is an 11 team competition that is the level below the the Queensland Wizard Cup. ... The Brisbane Rugby League premiership was a rugby league competition held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 1909 to 1997. ... The Bulimba Cup was a representative rugby league competition held between Brisbane, Ipswich and Toowoomba. ... The Foley Shield is a rugby league competition in North Queensland administered by the Queensland Rugby League. ... The Winfield State League was a rugby league competition in Queensland, Australia. ... South East Divison The South East Division of the QRL is responsible for the running of rugby league in South-East Queensland. ... The logo of the Southern Division of the Queensland Rugby League The Southern Division of the Queensland Rugby League is responsible for administering the game of Rugby League across the Gold Coast and Ipswich. ... The logo of the Wide Bay Division of the Queensland Rugby League. ... The logo of the Northern Division of the Queensland Rugby League The Northern Division of the Queensland Rugby League is responsible for administering the game of Rugby League in North Queensland, specifically in the area from Sarina in the south to Cape York in the north and west to Mount... The logo of the Central Division of the Queensland Rugby League. ... The logo of the South-West Division of the Queensland Rugby League. ...

VRL competitions
Central Highlands Rugby League | Melbourne Rugby League | Goulburn Murray Rugby League

NTRL competitions
Central Australian Rugby Football League | Darwin Rugby League


  Results from FactBites:
 
Queensland Rugby League - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (457 words)
Rugby League began in Queensland in 1909, a year after the first Rugby League competition kicked off in Sydney.
The Brisbane Rugby League (BRL) premiership was the premier competition in Queensland from 1909 until the establishment of the Queensland Cup in 1996.
The Winfield State League was a Queensland-wide competition that was held in a variety of formats between 1982 and 1995.
Australian Rugby League Players in England - Tony Collins (2316 words)
Rugby league was not unique, thousands of Scottish soccer players took their talents to England to earn greater rewards than they could gain at home.
Unsurprisingly, the fledgling Australian and New Zealand rugby leagues were not pleased with the loss of some of their best players and the first restrictions on player transfers between the hemispheres was soon implemented.
I found that, in the North, to be Australian was to be welcomed, to be an Australian on the rugby league trail ensured a hospitality bred of an intangible bond.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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