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Encyclopedia > Australian Mounted Division

This article is part of the
Anzac series.
Military History

Australia | New Zealand

Expeditionary Forces



ANZAC | I Anzac | II Anzac
Australian | Desert Mounted


Aus 1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
NZ & Aus | New Zealand
Anzac Mounted | Aus Mounted

The Australian Mounted Division was a mounted infantry (light horse) division formed in Egypt during World War I. When the British forces in the Middle East expanded in late 1916, a second mounted division was created called the Imperial Mounted Division. It originally comprised the Australian 3rd Light Horse Brigade (from the Australian government, the division was renamed in June 1917 when one of the British brigades was detached.


Unit history

During the First Battle of Gaza, the division (as the Imperial Mounted Division) provided protection from counter-attack on the eastern flank while the main infantry assault was underway. The brigades became the rearguard during the withdrawal from Gaza after the attack was called off.


The core brigades of the division were:

Australian 3rd Light Horse Brigade 
Australian 4th Light Horse Brigade 
  • 4th Light Horse Regiment (Victoria)
  • 11th Light Horse Regiment (Queensland and South Australia)
  • 12th Light Horse Regiment (New South Wales)
British 5th Mounted (Yeomanry) Brigade 

Originally the division also contained the British 6th Mounted Brigade. In mid-1918 the British 5th Mounted Brigade was detached and the Australian 5th Light Horse Brigade (containing the 14th and 15th Light Horse Regiments as well as a French cavalry regiment) joined the division.


Jerusalem, Syria.

External links

  • First AIF Order of Battle 1914-1918: Australian Mounted Division (http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/~rmallett/Australian_Mounted_Division.html)

  Results from FactBites:
Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (481 words)
The Anzac Mounted Division (originally the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division) fought as cavalry throughout the Middle East, including Egypt, the Sinai (Romani, Magdhaba and Rafah) and Palestine (First, Second and Third Battle of Gaza, Beersheba, Jerusalem, Jericho, Es Salt, Megiddo and Amman).
Australian and New Zealand Divisions were involved in a number of the Battles of the Somme, July to November, 1916, while components of British corps but it was only during the Battle of Pozieres[?], 23rd July 1916, that an Anzac formation participated.
2nd ANZAC (Australian 3rd and 4th Divisions, New Zealand Division plus the British 25th Division) fought in the Battle of Messines[?], July 1917, which was a prelude to an Allied offensive from the Ypres salient.
Australian Military Units (73 words)
Originally called the Imperial Mounted Division, the Australian Mounted Division was formed in early 1917.
It was made up of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade, transferred from the ANZAC Mounted Division, the newly re-formed 4th Light Horse Brigade, and two British mounted brigades.
The division was renamed on 20 June 1917 at the urging of the Australian Government; British units, with the exception of artillery, were gradually removed from its order of battle.
  More results at FactBites »



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