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Encyclopedia > Australian House of Representatives
Australian House of Representatives
Type Lower house
Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal
since November 16, 2004
Members 150
Political groups ALP (85)
Liberal Party (53)
National Party (10)
Last elections 24 November 2007
Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT
Web site House of Representatives
Entrance to the House of Representatives
Entrance to the House of Representatives
Australia

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Australia
Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... House of Reps, Parliament House, Canberra File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... The Speakers chair in the House of Representatives The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia. ... The Hon. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ALP redirects here. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Parliament House Canberra: The main entrance and the flag mast. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... Image File history File links Photo of the entrance doors to the Australian House of Representatives, Parliament House, Canberra. ... Image File history File links Photo of the entrance doors to the Australian House of Representatives, Parliament House, Canberra. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 777 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (788 × 608 pixel, file size: 640 KB, MIME type: image/png) poop File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ...


Federal Government The Commonwealth of Australia is a constitutional monarchy, a federation, and a parliamentary democracy. ...

Executive

Legislative Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, in 1952 and 2002 The title Queen of Australia has existed since 1973, when the Parliament of Australia passed the Royal Style and Titles Act (1973). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. ... This article is about the Governor-General of Australia. ... The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. ... Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957), is the leader of the federal Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Australian Parliament. ... The Leader of the Opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the largest party not in government in a Westminster System of parliamentary government. ... Dr Brendan John Nelson (born 19 August 1958) is an Australian politician and the Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Australia, as leader of the Liberal Party of Australia. ... Prime Minister of Australia, John Howard with his Cabinet in 1999 The Cabinet of Australia is the council of senior ministers, responsible to parliament. ... The Federal Executive Council is the formal body holding executive authority under the Australian Constitution. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ...

1901 - 1972 - 1974 - 1975 - 1977 - 1980 - 1983 - 1984 - 1987 - 1990 - 1993 - 1996 - 1998 - 2001 - 2004 - 2007 Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... This article deals with elections to the Australian Parliament. ... The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. ... Federal elections for the inaugural Parliament of Australia were held in Australia on March 29 and March 30, 1901 following Federation and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 2 December 1972. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 May 1974. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 December 1975. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 December 1977. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 October 1980. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 5 March 1983. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 1 December 1984. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 11 July 1987. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 24 March 1990. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 March 1993. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 2 March 1996. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 3 October 1998. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 November 2001. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 9 October 2004. ... The 2007 election for the federal Parliament of Australia, in which 13. ...

Judicial The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


State and territory governments High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ... Courtroom 1 in the High Court in Canberra. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ...

Executive

Legislative Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... The Premiers of the Australian states are the heads of the executive governments in the six states of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ...

ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. -
SA - Tas. - Vic. - WA The Parliaments of the Australian states and territories are legislative bodies within the federal framework of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... The form of the Government of New South Wales is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Queensland Government Logo The Government of Queensland is commonly known as the Queensland Government. ... The form of the Government of South Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ... Tasmanian Coat of Arms featuring two Thylacines The form of the Government of Tasmania is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1856, although it has been amended many times since then. ... The form of the Government of Victoria is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1855, although it has been amended many times since then. ... The formation of the Government of Western Australia is prescribed in its Constitution, which dates from 1890, although it has been amended many times since then. ...


Local government Australia has two tiers of subnational government: state (or territory) government and local government. ...


Political parties Political parties in Australia lists political parties in Australia. ...

Democrats - Greens - Labor Party -
Country Liberal Party - Family First Party -
Liberal Party - National Party The Australian Democrats is an Australian political party which was formed in 1977 through a merger of the Australia Party and the Liberal Movement after principals of those minor parties secured the commitment of former Liberal minister Don Chipp as a high-profile leader[1]. The new party was based... The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is a Green Australian political party. ... ALP redirects here. ... In Australian politics, the Country Liberal Party (CLP) is the Northern Territory equivalent to the Liberal and National parties. ... The Family First Party (FFP/F1) is a political party in Australia, with policies that generally mirror socially conservative and family values. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ...


Foreign relations RG Casey House, Canberra, is the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the department responsible for the formulation and enactment of Australian foreign policy. ...


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The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia. It is the lower house, the upper house being the Senate. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... For the demesne in The Keys to the Kingdom series, see The House An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ... Australian Senate chamber Entrance to the Senate The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. ...


The 150 members of the House are elected from single-member electorates (geographic districts, sometimes known as "seats" but officially known as "Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives"). Each electorate has between 59,000 and 120,000 voters. They are designed to be relatively equal across the state or territory within which the electorate exists. Voting is by the 'preferential system' (usually referred to elsewhere as the instant-runoff voting). A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... The Australian House of Representatives is elected from 150 single-member districts called Divisions. ... For the Finno-Ugric people, see Votes. ... Example Instant-runoff voting ballot Instant-runoff voting (IRV) is a voting system most commonly used for single member elections in which voters have one vote, but can rank candidates in order of preference. ...


According to the Australian Constitution, the powers of both houses are nearly equal, with the consent of both houses needed to pass legislation. The difference mostly relates to taxation legislation. In practice, by convention, the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) with a majority of members in the lower house is invited by the Governor-General to form the Government. Thus the leader becomes the Prime Minister and some of the other elected members of the Government party in both the House and the Senate become ministers responsible for various portfolios and administer government departments. Bills appropriating money (supply bills) can only be introduced or modified in the lower house and thus only the party with a majority in the lower house can govern. In the current Australian party system, this ensures that virtually all contentious votes are along party lines, and the Government always has a majority in those votes. Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ... The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. ... The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. ...


The Opposition party's main role in the House is to present arguments against the Government's policies and legislation, and attempt to hold the government accountable as much as possible by asking questions of importance during Question Time and during debates on legislation. In recent times, the Senate, by contrast, has not had a majority from the Government of the day (both Liberal/National Coalition and Labor), so votes in the Senate have become more meaningful. However, the Coalition Government gained a Senate majority from 1 July 2005, following the 2004 election. The House's well-established committee system is not always as prominent as the Senate committee system because of the frequent lack of Senate majority. For the British television programme, see Question Time (TV series). ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 9 October 2004. ...


In a reflection of the United Kingdom House of Commons, the predominant colour of the furnishings in the House of Representatives is green. However, the colour was tinted slightly to suggest the colour of eucalyptus trees. The House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also includes the Sovereign and the House of Lords. ... This article is about the plant genus. ...

Contents

Seats won by party at Australian elections, 1946 - 2007

Seats Won
Election ALP LIB NAT Other Total
1946 43 15 11 5 74
1949 47 55 19   121
1951 52 52 17   121
1954 57 47 17   121
1955 47 57 18   122
1958 45 58 19   122
1961 60 45 17   122
1963 50 52 20   122
1966 41 61 21   124
1969 59 46 20   125
1972 67 38 20   125
1974 66 40 21   127
1975 36 68 23   127
1977 38 67 19   124
1980 51 54 20   125
1983 75 33 17   125
1984 82 45 21   148
1987 86 43 19   148
1990 78 55 14 1 148
1993 80 49 16 2 147
1996 49 75 19 5 148
1998 67 64 16 1 148
2001 65 69 13 3 150
2004 60 75 12 3 150
2007 150

ALP redirects here. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on September 28, 1946. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on December 10, 1949. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on April 28, 1951. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on May 29, 1954. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on December 10, 1955. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on November 22, 1958. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on December 9, 1961. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on November 30, 1963. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on November 26, 1966. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on October 25, 1969. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 2 December 1972. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 May 1974. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 December 1975. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 December 1977. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 18 October 1980. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 5 March 1983. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 1 December 1984. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 11 July 1987. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 24 March 1990. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 13 March 1993. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 2 March 1996. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 3 October 1998. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 10 November 2001. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 9 October 2004. ... The 2007 election for the federal Parliament of Australia, in which 13. ...

Main Committee

A unique development in the Australian House is its Main Committee, designed to be an alternative debating chamber; it is modeled after the Committee of the Whole that exists in several different legislatures, particularly the United States House of Representatives and British House of Commons. Matters considered to be relatively uncontroversial can be referred by the entire House to the Main Committee, where substantive debate can take place. The Main Committee cannot, however, initiate nor make a final decision on any parliamentary business, although it can perform all tasks in between.[1] In the United States House of Representatives, the Committee of the Whole, short for Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, is a parliamentary device in which the House of Representatives is considered one large Congressional committee. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin...


The Main Committee was created in 1994, to relieve some of the burden of the entire House: different matters can be processed in the House at large and in the Main Committee. As such, it is designed to be less formal, with a quorum of only three members: the Deputy Speaker of the House, one government member, and one non-government member. Decisions must be unanimous: any divided decision sends the question back to the House at large.


The Main Committee was created through the House's Standing Orders:[2] it is thus a subordinate body of the House, and can only be in session while the House itself is in session. When a division vote in the House occurs, members in the Main Committee must return to the House to vote.


The Main Committee is housed in one of the House's committee rooms: the room is customized for this purpose and is laid out to resemble the House chamber.[3]


Due to the unique role of the Main Committee, proposals have been made to rename the body to avoid confusion with other parliamentary committees. Proposals include "Second Chamber"[4] and "Federation Chamber".[5] The concept of a parallel body to expedite Parliamentary business, based on the Australian Main Committee, was mentioned in a 1998 British House of Commons report.[6] Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin...


See also

The committees of the Australian House of Representatives are committees of Member of Parliament, established by the Australian House of Representatives, for purposes determined by that body. ... The 2004-2007 composition of the House. ... The Speakers chair in the House of Representatives The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia. ... The Clerk of the House of Representatives of the Parliament of Australia is responsible for managing the Department of the House. ... See also: List of longest-serving members of the Australian Senate The first House of Representatives was elected on 30 March 1901. ... There have been 68 women in the Australian House of Representatives since the establishment of the Parliament of Australia. ... This is a list of by-elections for the Australian House of Representatives from its creation in 1901 until the present day. ... The Canberra Press Gallery (officially called the Federal Parliamentary Press Gallery) is the name given to the approximately 180 journalists and their support staff, including producers, editors and camera crews, who report the workings of the Parliament of Australia. ...

References

  1. ^ "The Structure Of The Australian House Of Representatives Over Its First One Hundred Years: The Impact Of Globalisation," Ian Harris
  2. ^ Standing and Sessional Orders, House of Representatives
  3. ^ Main Committee Fact Sheet, Parliamentary Education Office
  4. ^ The Second Chamber: Enhancing the Main Committee, House of Representatives
  5. ^ Renaming the Main Committee, House of Representatives
  6. ^ Select Committee on Modernisation of the House of Commons First Report. British House of Commons (7 December 1998). Retrieved on 2007-06-20.

Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • House of Representatives Committees - Parliament of Australia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Australian House of Representatives (1909 words)
In a reflection of the United Kingdom House of Commons, the predominant colour of the furnishings in the House of Representatives is green.
The Speakers chair in the House of Representatives The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia.
Often, the House of Representatives is the lower house of a bicameral legislature, with the corresponding upper house often called a 'senate'.
Australian House of Representatives - definition of Australian House of Representatives in Encyclopedia (372 words)
The House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the parliament of Australia.
The 150 members of the house are elected from single-member geographic districts (popularly known as "seats" but officially known as "Commonwealth Electoral Divisions") which are intended to represent reasonably contiguous regions, with relatively equal voter enrolment in each of about 80 000 people.
In a reflection of the colour scheme of the United Kingdom House of Commons, the House of Representatives is decorated in green.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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