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Encyclopedia > Australian Army Reserve
Australian Army

Components
Regular Force
Army Reserve
List of current regiments
List of Australian Army Corps
Current structure
Equipment
Weaponry and equipment
History
History of the Australian Army
Australian Imperial Force
Personnel
List of senior officers
Officer rank insignia
Enlisted rank insignia

Army Reserve — which is sometimes abbreviated to ARes — is a collective name for the reserve units of the Australian Army. Following the formation of the army in 1901, its reserve component has had various names, including the Citizens Military Force (CMF), Militia, Citizens Forces and, unofficially, the "Australian Militia Forces". It was renamed the Army Reserve in 1980. In the mid 1990s it was renamed to General Reserve (as opposed to Ready Reserve) which is sometimes abbreviated to GRes The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... The following is a list of regiments and corps of the Australian Army, as of 2005. ... The following is a list of Corps of the Australian Army, ordered according to the traditional seniority of all the Corps. ... The Australian Army, as with many other armies of nations that were formerly part of the British Empire, is structured in a similar way to the British Army, with divisions and brigades as the main formations, subdivided into regiments and battalions. ... Leopards operating A Bushmaster (left) and ASLAV (right) in Iraq Soldiers and a M113 M198 Howitzers firing during an exercise From left to right, a Chinook, Blackhawk and Tiger helicopter Fully equipped Australian infantrymen arrive in the Solomon Islands in December 2004 Australian soldiers and an ASLAV in Iraq A... // The Two Armies: Militia and Permanent forces 1870–1947 For more than 80 years after the first British settlement, the only professional soldiers in Australia were members of British Army garrisons. ... The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was the name given to two all-volunteer Australian Army forces dispatched to fight overseas during World War I and World War II. First Australian Imperial Force (1914-18) Second Australian Imperial Force (1939-45) Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, Australia had a... Chief of the Army in reverse chronological order Lieutenant General Peter Leahy, 28 June 2002 to present Lieutenant General Peter Cosgrove, July 2000 to 28 June 2002 Lieutenant General Frank Hickling, June 1998 to July 2000 Lieutenant General John Sanderson, June 1995 to June 1998 Chief of the General Staff... Australian Army Officers receive a commission that is personally signed by the Governor-General of Australia - acting on the Queens behalf. ... Like the British Army, the Australian Army does not use the term enlisted to describe its non-commissioned ranks. ... A military reserve force is a military organization composed of part-time military personnel, and sometimes civilians, who are available to fight when a nation mobilizes for total war or to defend against invasion. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


History

Following the federation of Australia in 1901, the militias of six separate self-governing British colonies were merged to form a national reserve army. The federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed a federation. ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker. ... A self-governing colony is a colony with an elected legislature, in which politicians are able to make most decisions without reference to the colonial power with formal or nominal control of the colony. ... Army reserves are a part of an army which is normally activated only during emergencies such as a war. ...


During the first half of the 20th century, CMF units included the vast majority of Australian Army personnel during peacetime, as Australia had a very small standing army, prior to formation of the regular army, in 1947. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Regular Army is the permanent force of the United States Army or any Countrys army that is maintained during peacetime, as opposed to those persons who may be part of a reserve or national guard outfit. ...


However, because it was illegal to deploy CMF units overseas, all-volunteer Australian Imperial Forces were formed during World War I and World War II. The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was the name given to two all-volunteer Australian Army forces dispatched to fight overseas during World War I and World War II. First Australian Imperial Force (1914-18) Second Australian Imperial Force (1939-45) Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, Australia had a... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


CMF units were sometimes scorned as "chocolate soldiers", or "chockos" or "koalas" because of their inability to fight outside Australian territory. Chocolate soldiers came from a joke in the regular army that the militia would melt the first time in action and koalas as koalas were an animal that it was illegal to export or shoot.


Nevertheless, Militia units distinguished themselves and suffered extremely high casualties during the Pacific War, especially in 1942, when they fought Japanese forces in New Guinea, which was then an Australian territory. The members of the 39th (Militia) Battalion, many of them very young, untrained and poorly equipped, distinguished themselves and suffered extremely heavy casualties, in the stubborn rearguard action on the Kokoda Track. Simultaneously, the 7th Militia Brigade played a key role in the Australian-US victory at the Battle of Milne Bay, the first outright defeat suffered by Japanese land forces in the war. For the Harry Turtledove alternate history series novel, see Pacific War (Harry Turtledove). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Combatants Australia Japan Commanders Douglas MacArthur Thomas Blamey Sydney Rowell Edmund Herring Arthur Tubby Allen George Vasey Selwyn Porter Arnold Potts Hisaichi Terauchi Yosuke Yokoyama Tomitaro Horii Strength 2,000 plus reinforcements 10,000 plus reinforcements Casualties 725 killed 1,055 wounded Hundreds sick with disease 6,500 killed including... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Combatants Australia, United States (engineering support and minor combat) Japan Commanders Cyril Clowes Shojiro Hayashi, Minoru Yano Strength 9,000 (half non-combat personnel) 2400 Casualties less than 200 dead 600 dead The Battle of Milne Bay was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. Japanese marines...


Later in the war, the law was changed to allow:

  1. the transfer of Militia units to the 2nd AIF, if 65% or more of their personnel had volunteered for overseas service and;
  2. militia units to serve anywhere south of the Equator in South East Asia. Consequently they also saw action against Japanese forces in the Dutch East Indies.

From 1947 onwards, during increasing tension and wars in Asia, the strength of the Regular Army increased rapidly relative to the CMF. By 1980, when the name of the CMF was changed to Australian Army Reserve, the Regular Army was the more significant force. Australian Reservists have a comparatively high level of commitment, with an expected obligation of upto 4 nights and 2 full days per month, alongside a two week annual course. Since September of 2006, Reservist Salaries have been streamlined with those of regular forces as a reflection of overall higher standard of training. This initiative shows that in recent decades, there are now many positions for which there is little training gap at all between Reservists and Permanent Force members [1] The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands-Indië) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


See also

Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker. ... The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed from August 15, 1914, following Britains declaration of war on Germany. ... The Second Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) was the name given to the volunteer units of the Australian Army in World War II. The 2nd AIF was formed, from 1939 onwards, to fight overseas: most army units were Militia (reserve) units and under Australian law at the time, Militia troops... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ...

External links

  • Australian Army Reserves - Australian Army web site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Australian Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1245 words)
Australian soldiers have been involved in a number of minor and major conflicts throughout its history, but only in World War II did Australian territory come under direct attack.
The 3rd Bn is classed as a light infantry unit in the parachute role, though it is scheduled to convert to a mechanized battalion by 2011.
The ranks of the Australian Army are based on the ranks of the British Army, and carry mostly the same actual insignia.
Australian Army Reserve - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (408 words)
However, because it was illegal to deploy CMF units overseas, all-volunteer Australian Imperial Forces were formed during World War I and World War II.
Chocolate soldiers came from a joke in the regular army that the militia would melt the first time in action and koalas as koalas were an animal that it was illegal to export or shoot.
By 1980, when the name of the CMF was changed to Australian Army Reserve, the Regular Army was the more significant force.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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