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Encyclopedia > Australasia
Australasia
Australasia

Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 50 KB) Summary World map depicting Australasia; differs from maps for Commonwealth of Australia and Australian continent Map includes Australia (including Tasmania and Torres Strait Islands); New Zealand; and Melanesia: New Guinea (including eastern Aru/Maluku Islands and mainland provinces... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 50 KB) Summary World map depicting Australasia; differs from maps for Commonwealth of Australia and Australian continent Map includes Australia (including Tasmania and Torres Strait Islands); New Zealand; and Melanesia: New Guinea (including eastern Aru/Maluku Islands and mainland provinces... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ...


The term was coined by Charles de Brosses in Histoire des navigations aux terres australes (1756). He derived it from the Latin for "south of Asia" and differentiated the area from Polynesia (to the east) and the southeast Pacific (Magellanica). It is also distinct from Micronesia (to the northeast). This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 This article is about the wider region in the Pacific. ...

Contents

Physical geography

Physiographically, Australasia includes the Australian landmass (including Tasmania), New Zealand, and Melanesia: New Guinea and neighbouring islands north and east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. The designation is sometimes applied to all the lands and islands of the Pacific Ocean lying between the equator and latitude 47° south. True-color image of the Earths surface and atmosphere Physical geography (also know as geosystems or physiography) is a subfield of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. ... Emblems: Flora - Tasmanian Blue Gum; Mineral - Crocoite Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Const. ... Map showing Melanesia. ... World map showing the equator in red The Equator is an imaginary circle drawn around a planet (or other astronomical object) at a distance halfway between the poles. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ...


Most of Australasia lies on the southern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate, flanked by the Indian Ocean to the west and the Southern Ocean to the south. Peripheral territories lie on the Eurasian Plate to the northwest, the Philippine Plate to the north, and in the Pacific Ocean – including numerous marginal seas – atop the Pacific Plate to the north and east. The Indo-Australian plate is shown in dull orange on this map. ...  The Eurasian plate, shown in green The Eurasian Plate is a tectonic plate covering Eurasia (a landmass consisting of the continents Europe and Asia) except that it does not cover the Indian subcontinent, the Arabian subcontinent, and the area east of the Verkhoyansk Range in East Siberia. ...  The Philippine plate, shown in dull red The Philippine Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean to the east of the Philippines. ... A marginal sea is a part of ocean partially enclosed by land such as islands, archipelagos, or peninsulas. ...  The Pacific plate, shown in pale yellow The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean. ...


Human geography

Geopolitically, Australasia is sometimes used as a term for Australia and New Zealand together, in the absence of another word limited to those two countries. There are many organizations whose names are prefixed with "(Royal) Australasian Society" that are limited to just Australia and New Zealand. Geopolitics is the study which analyses geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. ...

Australasian Olympic Flag
Australasian Olympic Flag

In the past, Australasia has been used as a name for combined Australia/New Zealand sporting teams. Examples include tennis between 1905 and 1913, when Australia and New Zealand combined its best players to compete in the Davis Cup international tournament (and won it in 1907, 1908, 1909 and 1911), and at the Olympic Games of 1908 and 1912. Image File history File links Australasian_Olympic_Flag. ... Image File history File links Australasian_Olympic_Flag. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... See also: 1904 in sports, other events of 1905, 1906 in sports and the Sports timeline. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The great Australians Lew Hoad and Ken Rosewall with the Cup in 1953 The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in mens tennis. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IV Olympiad, were held in 1908 in London, England. ... The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were held in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. ...


Anthropologists, although disagreeing on details, generally support theories that call for a Southeastern Asian origin of indigenous island peoples in Australasia and neighboring subregions. Initiation rite of the Yao people of Malawi Anthropology (from the Greek word , man or person) consists of the study of humanity (see genus Homo). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ...


Ecological geography

Main article: Australasia ecozone

From an ecological perspective the Australasia ecozone is a distinct region with a common evolutionary history and a great many unique flora and fauna. In this context, Australasia is limited to Australia, New Guinea, and neighbouring islands, including the Indonesian islands from Lombok and Sulawesi eastward. The biological dividing line from Asia is the Wallace lineBorneo and Bali lie on the western, Asian side. The Australasia Ecozone The Australasian ecozone – is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia. ... Ernst Haeckel coined the term oekologie in 1866. ... The Australasia Ecozone The Australasian ecozone – is an ecological region that is coincident, but not synonymous (by some definitions), with the geographic region of Australasia. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera Subregnum Eumetazoa Placozoa Orthonectida Rhombozoa Radiata (unranked) Ctenophora Cnidaria Bilateria (unranked) Acoelomorpha Myxozoa Superphylum Deuterostomia Chordata Hemichordata Echinodermata Chaetognatha Xenoturbellida Superphylum Ecdysozoa Kinorhyncha Loricifera Priapulida Nematoda Nematomorpha Onychophora Tardigrada Arthropoda Superphylum Platyzoa Platyhelminthes Gastrotricha Rotifera Acanthocephala Gnathostomulida Micrognathozoa Cycliophora Superphylum Lophotrochozoa Sipuncula Nemertea Phoronida Ectoprocta Bryozoa... Satellite photograph of Lombok, showing its volcano. ... Sulawesi (formerly Celebes ) is a large island in Indonesia. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Wallaces hypothetical line between Australasian and Southeast Asian fauna. ... Borneo (left) and Sulawesi. ... This is the current Indonesian Collaboration of the week. ...


See also

Sundaland is a biogeographical region of Southeast Asia that comprises the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo, and surrounding smaller islands. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ... A world map showing the continent of Australia This article deals with the continent. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ... Earth (IPA: , often referred to as the Earth, Terra, the World or Planet Earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...  Central Africa  Middle Africa (UN subregion)  Central African Federation (defunct) Central Africa is a core region of the African continent often considered to include: Burundi Central African Republic Chad Democratic Republic of the Congo Rwanda Middle Africa (as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions) is an analogous...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 54 KB) Extracted from CIA World Factbook PDF world map, then rasterized and colored. ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... World map depicting Caribbean : West Indies redirects here. ... Map of Central America Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Northern America is a name for the parts of North America besides Mexico when Mexico is considered as Latin America. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... North Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 55 KB) link title dkrjfjjfffffffffffffffffffffffffvnguigtailewGFGSgfgfFdsguuggsgsugusGUISHGUIYFGHFDGHEAHRUGIDAFGOFDSOGYFOHGUOFDYHOIYFDSYOGIDHB JKZVXCNBJKGDUGKDFH87IHZDJKLGXHGKVCZHBUIJZUIVBHUIVCYUBHFDZKHUIVCVCYUBYVCUIBXChkGHIDAHAYFDUGFGFDZOIGFDZHLGFDZHJLGFDSZhKLZFDHFXGJFSJGFXJXZJXGFGJXJJJJJJFGFFDFHFDZFHHDHFHDZHFDZHDZHFDHFDDHHHFDFDHZFHGFJZHJAYATHZDGXVJGJTDYHDGHBNDZHFXHZGFDHDZHZDZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG World map depicting Europe; map adapted from PDF world map at CIA World Fact Book File links The following pages link to this file: Australia Africa Asia Antarctica Africa-Eurasia Continent Europe Elias Canetti... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked salmon):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium... Northern Europe is marked in dark blue Northern Europe is a name of the northern part of the European continent. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 54 KB)Oceanias place in the world. ... For the fictional superstate in George Orwells novel, see Oceania (Nineteen Eighty-Four). ... Map showing Melanesia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 This article is about the wider region in the Pacific. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 50 KB) Summary Map indicating the worlds polar regions (i. ... Location of the polar regions Earths polar regions are the areas of the globe surrounding the poles, north of the Arctic circle, or south of the Antarctic Circle. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctican area around the South Pole. ... Antarctic Peninsula glacier. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2759x1404, 55 KB) Summary The large plain-grey Image:LocationWorld. ... Oceans (from Okeanos in Greek) are saline waters that cover almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth. ... Pacific redirects here. ... Look up Atlantic Ocean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Southern Ocean, also known as the South Polar Ocean (and formerly the Antarctic Ocean), is the body of water encircling the continent of Antarctica. ... The Arctic Ocean is used by both marine mammals and nuclear submarines. ...

References

    • Richards, Kel (2006). Australasia. Wordwatch. ABC News Radio. Retrieved on 2006-09-30.
    • Australasia Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition

      Results from FactBites:
     
    Australasia - definition of Australasia in Encyclopedia (317 words)
    In the political sense, the word has little utility, as although Australia and New Zealand are both relatively wealthy, predominantly English-speaking countries and alike in many ways, they share little in common with the other nations in the area.
    The term is unpopular in New Zealand because it is seen to emphasise Australia; instead, the term Oceania is preferred, although this has a rather different meaning.
    Examples include in 1905, when Australia and New Zealand combined its best tennis players to compete in the Davis Cup international tournament, and at the Olympic Games of 1908 and 1912.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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