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Auschwitz III or Monowitz was primarily a labor camp built to produce Buna or synthetic rubber.
Auschwitz was not planned as an death camp from its earliest beginnings, but evolved into one as Nazi policy toward the Jews changed and became less concerned with exploitation and more and more concerned with immediate extermination.
The enormity of the crime at the Auschwitzcamps justifies its role as one of the foremost symbols of the Holocaust.
Auschwitz II included a camp for new arrivals and those to be sent on to labor elsewhere; a Gypsycamp; a family camp; a camp for holding and sorting plundered goods and a women's camp.
By the end of 1943, the prisoner population of Auschwitz main camp, Birkenau, Monowitz and other subcamps was over 80,000: 18,437 in the main camp, 49,114 in Birkenau, and 13,288 at Monowitz where I G Farben had its synthetic rubber plant.
Auschwitz became a significant source of slave labor locally and functioned as an international clearing house.
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