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Encyclopedia > Augustus II of Poland
August II Mocny
August II Mocny
Reign From 1697,
until 1706 and
from 1709,
until February 1, 1733
Elected In 1697 in Wola,
today suburb of
Warsaw, Poland
Coronation On September 15, 1697
in the Wawel Cathedral,
Kraków, Poland
Royal House Wettin
Parents John George III Wettin
Anne Sophie
Consorts  ?
Children August III Sas
Maurice de Saxe
Date of Birth May 12, 1670
Place of Birth Dresden, Saxony,
(now Germany)
Date of Death February 1, 1733
Place of Death Warsaw, Poland
Place of Burial Dresden, Hofkirche (heart), Wawel Cathedral, Kraków (body)

Augustus II, nicknamed "the Strong" (May 12, 1670February 1, 1733; (Polish: August II Mocny; German: August II der Starke) was Elector of Saxony (where he was known as Frederick Augustus I) from 1694 to 1733 and King of Poland from 1697 to 1704 and again from 1709 to 1733. He involved the Commonwealth in the disastrous Great Northern War. His attempts at internal reforms and strengthening the royal power came to naught, but his mistakes allowed the Russian Empire to strengthen its influence over the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. August II Mocny This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Wola Wola is a district of western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, that was incorporated into Warsaw in 1916. ... Warsaw (Polish Warszawa, (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The term Royal House refers to the official designation and name of a royal family instead of surname. ... The Wettin dynasty of German counts, dukes, Prince Electors (Kurfürsten) and kings ruled the area of todays German state of Saxony for more than 800 years as well as holding for a time the kingship of Poland. ... John George III was born in 1647 to the house of Wettin. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... Maurice de Saxe Maurice, comte de Saxe (German Moritz Graf von Sachsen) (October 28, 1696 — November 30, 1750), Marshal of France, the natural son of Augustus II of Poland and of the countess Aurora Königsmark, was born at Goslar. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... Dresden is the capital city of the German federal state of Saxony, is situated in a valley on the river Elbe. ... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Warsaw (Polish Warszawa, (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Dresden is the capital city of the German federal state of Saxony, is situated in a valley on the river Elbe. ... The Wawel Hill in Kraków Wawel (Polish Wzgórze wawelskie or for short Wawel) is the name of a lime hillock situated on the left bank of the Vistula in Kraków, Poland at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918 The original Duchy of Saxony was in Northern Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and Westphalia. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from 1715 also Prussia and Hanover) on one side and Sweden on the other side from 1700 to 1721. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Royal titles

Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... By the Grace of God is a phrase that has often been used in the titles of monarchs. ... Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... Note: this article is about the ethnographic region of Lithuania. ... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Historical arms of Podolia The region of Podolia (Ukrainian: Podillya, Polish: Podole) lies in the west-central and south-west portions of present-day Ukraine that correspond to Khmelnytskyi Oblast and Vinnytsia Oblast. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912 Smolensk (Russian: ) is a city in western Russia, located on the Dnieper River at 54. ... Severia (Сіверщина in Ukrainian, Сиверщина in Russian, and Sewerien in German) is a historical region in northern Ukraine and southwestern Russia, centered around the Ukrainian city of Novhorod-Siverskyj. ... ... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ...

Biography

Born in Dresden in Saxony, Frederick Augustus was the son of John George III and Princess Anne Sophie of Denmark. In 1694, upon the death of his elder brother John George IV, he became Elector of Saxony as Frederick Augustus I. Following the death of the Polish king John III Sobieski, Augustus converted to Catholicism and was elected king of Poland in 1697 with the help and support of Russia and Austria, granting him financial aid through the successful Jewish banker, Berend Lehmann. It is sometimes incorrectly claimed that Augustus defeated in the election other candidates: Jakub Ludwik Sobieski, son of the previous king, and the candidate from France, François Louis, Prince of Conti; in reality he got fewer votes than Conti (despite undertaking a massive bribery campaign), but rushed to Poland and crowned himself there before the un-eager French candidate even set foot in the Commonwealth. The legality of the election was questioned by some Poles. Dresden is the capital city of the German federal state of Saxony, is situated in a valley on the river Elbe. ... John George III was born in 1647 to the house of Wettin. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Saxony, 880-1918 The original Duchy of Saxony was in Northern Germany, roughly corresponding to the modern German state of Lower Saxony and Westphalia. ... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie Casimire Louise Children... This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... // Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... Issachar Berend Lehmann, Be(h)rend Lehmann, Jissachar Bermann Segal (born 1661 in Halberstadt, Germany, died 1730 in Dresden) was the Court Jew for August the Strong of Saxony. ... Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jan III Sobieski Marie Casimire Louise Consorts Hedwig Elisabeth Amelia Children with Hedwig Elisabeth Amelia Maria Leopoldyna Sobieska Maria Kazimiera Sobieska Maria Karolina Sobieska Jan Sobieski Maria Klementyna Sobieska Maria Magdalena Sobieska Date of Birth November 2, 1667 Place of Birth Paris... François Louis de Bourbon (April 30, 1664 - February 9, 1709) was Prince de Conti, succeeding his brother Louis Armand I de Bourbon in 1685. ...


An ambitious ruler, Augustus hoped to make the Polish throne hereditary within his family, and to use his resources as Elector of Saxony to impose some order on the chaotic Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. However, he was soon distracted from his internal reform projects by the possibility of external conquest. He formed an alliance with Frederick IV of Denmark and Peter I of Russia to strip the young king Charles XII of Sweden of his possessions. Poland's reward from this Great Northern War was to be the Swedish territory of Livonia. Charles proved to be an able military commander, however, quickly forcing the Danes out of the war and then driving back the Russians at Narva, allowing him to focus on the struggle with Augustus. This decision proved as disastrous to Sweden as to Poland. Charles defeated Augustus at Riga on June 17, 1701, forcing the Polish-Saxon army to withdraw from Livonia, and followed this up by an invasion of Poland, seizing Warsaw on May 14, 1702, defeating the Polish-Saxon army again at Kliszow, and seizing Kraków. Another Augustan army was defeated at Pultusk in the spring of the next year, and Charles besieged and captured Toruń. Frederick IV Frederick IV (October 11, 1671 - October 12, 1730) king of Denmark and Norway from 1699. ... Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Russian: ) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Carl XII, Karl XII or Carolus Rex, (June 17, 1682 – November 30, 1718), the Alexander of the North, nicknamed in Turkish as DemirbaÅŸ Åžarl (Charles the Habitue), was a King of Sweden from 1697 until his death in 1718. ... The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from 1715 also Prussia and Hanover) on one side and Sweden on the other side from 1700 to 1721. ... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... The Battle of Narva was an early battle in the Great Northern War in which a Swedish army under King Charles XII of Sweden defeated the Russian army of Tsar Peter the Great at Narva. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Warsaw (Polish Warszawa, (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Battle of Pułtusk took place on December 26, 1806 near Pułtusk, Russians with 120 guns under General Bennigsen, and 35,000 French under Marshal Lannes. ... ToruÅ„ (pronounce: [], Kashubian: TorÅ„, German: Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ...


By this time, Augustus was certainly ready for peace, but Charles felt that he would be more secure if he could establish a more pliable candidate on the Polish throne. The Swedes installed Stanisław Leszczyński in 1704, and Charles invaded Saxony itself on 1 September, 1706, forcing Augustus to give up the Polish throne to Stanisław by the Treaty of Altranstadt. Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Altranstadt is a village of Germany, in Prussian Saxony near Merseburg (q. ...


In the meantime, Russian Tsar Peter the Great had reformed the army, and dealt a crippling defeat to the Swedes in the Battle of Poltava. This meant the end of the Swedish Empire and the rise of the Russian Empire. The weakened Commonwealth was soon regarded almost as a protectorate of Russia. Augustus returned to the Polish throne under Russian auspices in 1709. Once again, Augustus attempted to establish an absolute monarchy in the Commonwealth, but he was faced with opposition from the nobility (szlachta). This opportunity was seized by Peter the Great, who posed himself as a negotiator, threatened the Commonwealth militarly and forced Augustus and the nobility to sign a pro-Russian compromise at the Silent Sejm (Sejm Niemy) in 1717. The Battle of Poltava (or Pultowa) was a battle between the armies of Peter I of Russia and Charles XII of Sweden on 28 June (new style 8 July) 1709, the most famous of the battles of the Great Northern War. ... The Peace of Westphalia See also: Peace of Westphalia It was the exploits of Axel Oxenstierna and Johan Banér which alone enabled Sweden to obtain even what she did obtain at the great Peace of Westphalia congress in 1648. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... For the rule of Oliver Cromwell, see The Protectorate. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Absolute monarchy is an idealized form of government, a monarchy where the ruler has the power to rule his or her country and citizens freely with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition telling him or her what to do, although some religious authority may be able to discourage the... Polish szlachcic. ... Silent Sejm (Polish: Sejm Niemy) is the name given to the session of the Sejm (parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth of 1 February 1717. ... // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ...


For the remainder of his reign, Augustus was more or less dependent on Russia (and, to a lesser extent, Austria) to maintain his position as King, although it was an uneasy relationship. After the Sejm Niemy, Augustus gave up his ambitions and settled, finally, for attempts at strengthening the Commonwealth, however, faced with both internal and foreign opposition, he achieved little.


Augustus finally died in 1733. Although he was unsuccessful in his attempt to make the Polish kingdom hereditary, his eldest son, Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, followed him as King of Poland as Augustus III, although he had to be installed by a Russian army in the War of the Polish Succession. Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... The War of the Polish Succession (1733-1738) was a European war and a Polish civil war, with considerable interference from other countries, to determine the succession to Augustus II, King of Poland, as well as an attempt by the Bourbon powers to check the power of Austria in western...


Augustus II was called Augustus the Strong for his bearlike strength and also for his numerous offspring. It is sometimes written that he sired either 365 or 382 children. This number is extremely difficult to verify; Augustus officially recognized only a tiny fraction of that number as his bastards (the mothers of these "chosen ones", with the possible exception of Fatima, were all aristocrats) and he had only one legitimate child.


In spite of his extraordinary physical strength, Augustus did not looked very big, and he was rather of a medium height. During the last years of his life he gained a lot of weight due to him becoming fat (he weighted some 110kg at the time of his death); his son, Augustus III the Saxon, was apparently the fattest man to ever sit on the Polish throne.


He successfully set out to discover the secret of the "White Gold", as the porcelain he produced in Dresden and Meissen was called. He also gathered many of the best architects and painters from all over Europe in Dresden, and his rule marks the beginning of Dresden's development as a leading centre of technology and art. Augustus's body was buried in Poland — all but his heart, which is in Dresden castle. Old town of Meißen. ...


House of Wettin

Image:WettinArms.png

See also

  • History of Poland (1569-1795)


Main article: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Nihil novi act adopted by the Polish Diet in 1505 transferred all legislative power from the king to the Diet. ...

Coat of Arms of Casimir the Great
Monarchs of Poland
Piast - SiemowitLestko • Siemomysł • Mieszko IBoleslaus I the BraveMieszko II LambertBezprymMieszko II LambertCasimir I the RestorerBoleslaus II the GenerousWladislaus I HermanZbigniewBoleslaus III the WrymouthWladislaus II the ExileBoleslaus IV the CurlyMieszko III the OldCasimir II the JustLeszek I the WhiteWladislaus III SpindleshanksLeszek I the WhiteMieszko IV PlątonogiLeszek I the WhiteWladislaus III SpindleshanksKonrad I of Masovia • Henry I the Bearded • Henry II the Pious • Konrad I of MasoviaBoleslaus V the ChasteLeszek II the Black • Henry IV Probus • Przemysł II
Přemyslid - Wenceslaus IIWenceslaus III
Piast - Wladislaus I the Elbow-highCasimir III the Great
Angevin - Louis of HungaryJadwiga
Jagiellon - Wladislaus II JagiełłoWladislaus III of VarnaCasimir IV the JagiellonianJohn I OlbrachtAlexander the JagiellonianSigismund I the OldSigismund II Augustus
Elected - Henry Valois • Anna the JagiellonianStephen BáthorySigismund III VasaWladislaus IV VasaJohn II Casimir • Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki • John III SobieskiAugustus II the Strong • Stanislaus I Leszczyński • Augustus II the Strong • Stanislaus I Leszczyński • Augustus IIIStanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski


Image File history File links pl wiki File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (ca 960-1025, 1032-1076, 1079-1295, 1296-1300 and 1306-1320) and kings (1025-1031, 1076-1079, 1295-1296, 1300-1305 and 1320-1795). ... The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ... Siemowit (also Ziemowit) was, according to the chronicles of Gallus Anonymus, the son of Piast and Rzepicha. ... Lestko (also Lestek, Leszek) is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born probably 930/940 Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, he had to have been a major figure in his time, due to the fact that before Poland existed as a state, the... SiemomysÅ‚ is the third legendary Polish duke, and said to be the father of Polands first historical ruler, Mieszko I. SiemomysÅ‚ is credited with leaving the lands known as Greater Poland to his son, who further expanded them during his reign. ... Reign From c. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Bezprym (986/987-1032), the first-born son of king of Poland BolesÅ‚aw I Chrobry and his second wife, who came from Hungary (unknown name); he was deprived of the throne of Poland due to giving it to his brother Mieszko II. In 1031, in alliance with Conrad II... Reign From 1025 until 1034 Coronation On December 25, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms Orzeł Piastowski Parents Bolesław I Chrobry Emnilda Consorts Ryksa Children with Ryksa Boleslaw Zapomiany Kazimierz I Odnowiciel Gertruda Date of Birth 990 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death May 10... Casimir I on Jan Matejkos painting Casimir I, the Restorer (Polish: Kazimierz I Odnowiciel) (1015-1058), duke of Poland, was the son of Mieszko II of Poland and Rixa von Lothringen. ... Boleslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Boleslaus II was a duke and king of Poland 1058-1079 (crowned 1076). ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I Herman (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw I Herman, also seen as Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (1040-1102), duke of Poland, was the son of Casimir I of Poland, duke of Poland. ... Zbigniew of Poland (born after 1070, died 1112). ... Boleslaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Boleslaus III the Wrymouth (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw III Krzywousty), (1086-1138) was duke of Poland from 1102. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II Wygnaniec Wladislaus II the Exile (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II Wygnaniec, also seen Wladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) was the High-Duke of Poland (1138-1146) Born: 1105, Cracow, Poland Died: 30 May 1159, in Altenburg, Germany Parents: Boleslaus III the Wrymouth, Duke of Poland, and... BolesÅ‚aw IV KÄ™dzierzawy Boleslaus IV the Curly (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw KÄ™dzierzawy) - high-duke of Poland (1146-1173) Born: 1120 Poland Died: 1173 Poland Parents: Boleslaus III the Wrymouth, duke of Poland, and Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Henry duke of Berg Married to: Russian pricess Wierzchoslawa... Mieszko III Stary Mieszko III the Old (Polish: Mieszko III Stary) was a duke of Greater Poland (1138-1202) and also a high-duke of all Poland (1173-1202, with interruptions), belonging to the Piast dynasty. ... Casimir II the Just on a painting by Jan Matejko Casimir II the Just (1138 - 5 May 1194; Polish: Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy) of the Piast dynasty was the youngest son of Boleslaus III of Poland. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek I the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Kraków. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi Wladislaus III Spindleshanks (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi) was the duke of the Greater Poland province and the high duke of the whole Poland in 1202-1206 and 1227-1228. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek I the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Kraków. ... Mieszko IV of Poland (Mieszko IV PlÄ…tonogi, Mieszko IV of Raciborz) (ca 1130 - 16 May 1211), High-Duke of Poland from 9 June 1210. ... Leszek BiaÅ‚y Leszek I the White (Polish: Leszek BiaÅ‚y) (1186/1187 - 1227) was a prince of Sandomierz and (from 1194/1195) prince of Kraków. ... WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi Wladislaus III Spindleshanks (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw III Laskonogi) was the duke of the Greater Poland province and the high duke of the whole Poland in 1202-1206 and 1227-1228. ... Konrad I Mazowiecki Konrad of Masovia (1187 - 1247, Polish: Konrad Mazowiecki) was Duke of Masovia, son of Casimir II of Poland (the Just) and Helen, princess of Moravia. ... Henry the Bearded in a painting by Jan Matejko Henry I the Bearded, Polish: Henryk Brodaty (1163 – March 19, 1238) of the Silesian line of the Piast dynasty of rulers, was duke of Lower Silesia from 1201. ... Henryk II Pobożny Henry II the Pious, (Polish: Henryk II Pobożny, b. ... Konrad I Mazowiecki Konrad of Masovia (1187 - 1247, Polish: Konrad Mazowiecki) was Duke of Masovia, son of Casimir II of Poland (the Just) and Helen, princess of Moravia. ... BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy Boleslaus the Chaste or the Shy (Polish: BolesÅ‚aw Wstydliwy) (21 June 1226 O.S. – 7 December 1279 O.S.) was the son of Leszek the White. ... Leszek Czarny Leszek II the Black (Polish: Leszek II Czarny) ruled 1279-1288. ... Henryk IV Probus Henry Probus (Polish: Henryk IV Probus), (the Righteous, c. ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was a duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech: , Polish: WacÅ‚aw II Czeski) (September 17, 1271 – June 21, 1305) King of Bohemia (1278 - 1305), Duke of Krakow (1291 - 1305), King of Poland (1300 - 1305). ... Wenceslaus III Premyslid (Czech and Slovak Václav, Hungarian Vencel, Polish WacÅ‚aw), (October 6, 1289 – August 4, 1306) was the king of Hungary (1301 - 1305) and king of Bohemia (1305 - 1306). ... Wladislaus I on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus I the Short or Elbow-high (Polish: WÅ€adyslaw I Łokietek) was King of Poland, duke till 1300 and the Prince of Kraków from 1305 until his coronation on January 20, 1320. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ... Angevin is the name applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Hungary and Poland (see Angevin Empire). ... Louis the Great Louis I (the Great), Lajos, Ludwik WÄ™gierski (1326 - 1382) became king of Hungary in 1342 at the death of his father. ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Jagello redirects here. ... Wladislaus III on a painting by Jan Matejko Wladislaus III of Varna (Polish: WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw WarneÅ„czyk) also seen as Vladislaus, Ladislaus, Ladislas or Vladislav) (October 31, 1424 – November 10, 1444) was King of Poland from 1434 and of Hungary from 1440 until his death. ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents WÅ‚adyslaw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Zofia HolszaÅ„ska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka (1438-1505) Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagielloÅ„czyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka... Reign From September 23, 1492 until June 17, 1501 Coronation On September 23, 1492 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts None Children None Date of Birth December 27, 1459 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of... Reign From December 12, 1501 until August 19, 1506 Coronation On December 12, 1501 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Helena Children None Date of Birth August 5, 1461 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of... Reign From December 8, 1506 until April 1, 1548 Coronation On January 24, 1507 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV JagielloÅ„czyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts Katarzyna Telniczanka Barbara Zapolya Bona Sforza Children with Katarzyna Telniczanka Jan Regina Katarzyna with Barbara Zapolya Jadwiga... Reign From April 1, 1548 until July 6, 1572 Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Consorts Elżbieta Habsburzanka Barbara RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Katarzyna Austriaczka Barbara Giżycka Children with Barbara Giżycka Barbara Date of Birth... Henry III (French: Henri III; Polish: Henryk III Walezy; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589) was King of Poland (1573-1574) and subsequently King of France (1574-1589). ... Anna the Jagiellonian Anna the Jagiellonian (Polish:Anna Jagiellonka) 1523 - 1596, daughter of Sigismund I of Poland, wife of Stephen Bathory, King of Poland, one of the last members of the Jagiellon dynasty. ... Reign From December 9, 1575 until December 12, 1586 Elected On December 9, 1575 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On May 1, 1576 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Noble Family Bathory Parents Stephen Bathory Catherine Telegdi Consorts Anna Jagiellonka Children none Date of Birth September... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Reign From June 19, 1669 until November 10, 1673 Elected On June 19, 1669 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 29, 1669 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family WiÅ›niowiecki Coat of Arms Korybut Parents Jeremi MichaÅ‚ WiÅ›niowiecki Gryzelda Konstancja Zamoyska Consorts... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Noble Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia DaniÅ‚owicz Consorts Marie Casimire... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... For other persons named StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski, see StanisÅ‚aw Poniatowski. ...


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Augustus II of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (870 words)
Augustus II, nicknamed "the Strong" (May 12, 1670–February 1, 1733; (Polish: August II Mocny; German: August II der Starke) was Elector of Saxony (where he was known as Frederick Augustus I) from 1694 to 1733 and King of Poland from 1697 to 1704 and again from 1709 to 1733.
Born in Dresden in Saxony, Frederick Augustus was the son of John George III and Princess Anne Sophie of Denmark.
Although this figure would be extremely difficult to verify, Augustus II did father a very large number of illegitimate children, the most famous of whom was Maurice, comte de Saxe (his son by Aurora von Königsmarck), the brilliant French military commander.
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