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Encyclopedia > Augusto César Sandino
Sandino (centre) en route to Mexico.

Augusto César Sandino (May 18, 1895 - February 20, 1934) was a leader of the Nicaraguan resistance to U.S. military presence in Nicaragua between 1927 and 1933. Download high resolution version (1205x744, 347 KB)Augusto César Sandino (centre) en route to Mexico. ... Download high resolution version (1205x744, 347 KB)Augusto César Sandino (centre) en route to Mexico. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government Official website of the United States government - Gateway to governmental sites White House - Official site of the US President Senate. ...


Sandino, born Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino in the Nicaraguan village of Niquinohomo (department of Masaya), was the son of Gregorio Sandino, a coffee grower, and Margarita Calderón, one of the employees on his father's plantation.


In 1921, after attempting to murder the son of a prominent conservative townsperson, he fled to Honduras, Guatemala, and eventually Mexico. There he became involved with various religious groups such as the Seventh-Day Adventists, spiritist gurus, the Freemasons, and anti-imperialist, anarchist, and communist revolutionaries. He returned to Nicaragua in 1926 after the statute of limitation in his charges expired. Later he became involved in the resistance to the U.S.-backed conservative regime. His emblem (http://www.sandino.org/seal_en.htm) showed a U.S. Marine being beheaded. Despite great effort, the U.S. military never was able to catch or kill him, although he felt it necessary at one point to stage a fake funeral for himself, as an American plane observed from above. 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Seventh-day Adventist Church (SDA), colloquially referred to as the Adventists, is an evangelical Protestant Christian denomination that grew out of the prophetic Millerite movement in the United States during the middle part of the 19th century. ... American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ...

A flag captured by US troops from Sandino's forces

After the United States forces left Nicaragua, he put down his arms in February of 1933, and asked to set up a commune in a portion of northeast Nicaragua as a reward for his efforts. After talks with the government of Juan Bautista Sacasa, he was captured and executed in Managua on 21 February 1934 by the National Guard under the command of Anastasio Somoza García. Somoza García established a dynasty in Nicaragua. He is father to Anastasio Somoza Debayle, who was overthrown by a revolutionary group led by Carlos Fonseca, Tomas Borge and Daniel Ortega among others, which took the name of Sandinistas. The movement was formed in 1961, and took their name from Sandino. Download high resolution version (1207x926, 244 KB)A flag captured by US troops from Augusto César Sandinos forces. ... Download high resolution version (1207x926, 244 KB)A flag captured by US troops from Augusto César Sandinos forces. ... A flag is a piece of cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually intended for signaling or identification. ... Managua, with a population of about 1,617,096 in 2004, is the capital of Nicaragua and 2nd largest city in Central America. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Anastasio Somoza García (1896–September 21, 1956) President of Nicaragua. ... Anastasio Somoza Debayle (December 5, 1925 - September 17, 1980) was the President of Nicaragua from 1967 to 1972 and then from 1974 to 1979. ... Carlos Fonseca Amador (born June 23, 1936 - died November 7, 1976), a revolutionary, teacher and a founder of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional ( FSLN, Sandinista National Liberation Front), was assassinated by the Guardia Nacional three years before the FSLN took power in Nicaragua. ... Ortega addresses the UN General Assembly Daniel Ortega Saavedra (born 11 November 1945) was President of Nicaragua from 1985 to 1990, during the Sandinista government, and is currently the leader of the Sandinista party. ... Sandinista! is also the name of a popular music album by The Clash. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Augusto C. Sandino International Airport, in Managua, is named for him. Augusto C. Sandino International Airport, often called Managua International Airport is the main airport (IATA airport code MGA) in Managua, Nicaragua. ...


Quotes

  • Addressed to the American forces in Nicaragua: "Come on you pack of drug fiends, come on and murder us on our own land. I am waiting for you on my feet at the head of my patriotic soldiers, and I don't care how many of you there are. You should know that when this happens, the destruction of your mighty power will make the Capitol shake in Washington, and your blood will redden the white dome that crowns the famous White House where you plot your crimes." (quoted in Zimmermann)

References

  • Hodges, Donald C. Sandino’s Communism: Spiritual Politics For The Twenty-First Century. University of Texas Press (1992)
  • Macaulay, Neil. The Sandino Affair. Duke University Press. (1985) [1967].
  • Navarro-Génie, Marco. Augusto César Sandino: Messiah of Light and Truth. Syracuse University Press (2002).
  • Wünderich, Volker. Sandino: Una biografía política. Editorial Nueva Nicaragua (1995). In Spanish.
  • Zimmermann, Matilde. Sandinista: Carlos Fonseca and the Nicaraguan Revolution. Duke University Press (2000).

External links

  • Augusto C. Sandino, 1895-1934 (http://www.sandino.org/sandino.htm)
  • A.C. Sandino Biography in Spanish (http://www.sandinovive.org/sandino/index.htm)

 
 

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