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Encyclopedia > Augusta National Golf Club
Augusta National Golf Club
Club Information
Location: Augusta, Georgia, U.S.A.
Established: 1933
Type: Private
Total holes: 18
Tournaments hosted: Masters Tournament
Website: Masters.org
Designed by: Alister MacKenzie
Par: 72
Length: 7445 yards
Course Rating: 76.2 (unofficial)
Course Record: 63 - Nick Price (1986), Greg Norman (1996)

Augusta National Golf Club, located in the American city of Augusta, Georgia, is one of the most famous and exclusive golf clubs in the world. Founded by Bobby Jones on the site of a former tree nursery, the club opened for play in January 1933. Since 1934 it has played host to the annual Masters Tournament, one of the four major championships in professional golf. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1479 KB) Augusta National Golf Club, Hole 10 Camellia File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Augusta National Golf Club Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Augusta is a city in the state of Georgia in the United States of America. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article is about the golf tournament. ... The famous 17th hole of the TPC at Sawgrass Stadium Course. ... Perhaps the greatest golf course designer of all time. ... In golf, a par is a predetermined number of strokes that a golfer should require to complete a hole, a round (the sum of the total pars of the played holes, also called the course rating), or a tournament (the sum of the total pars of each round). ... A golf handicap is a numerical measure of an amateur golfers playing ability. ... Nick Price (born January 28, 1957 in Durban, South Africa), is a professional golfer. ... Personal Information Birth February 10, 1955 ) Mount Isa, Queensland Nationality  Australia Wife Laura (married 1981, divorced 2007) Children Morgan Leigh, and Gregory Residence Hobe Sound, Florida Career Turned Pro 1974 Current Tour PGA Tour Professional wins 87 (PGA Tour: 20, European Tour: 14, PGA Tour of Australasia: 33, Other: 22... Augusta is a city in the state of Georgia in the United States of America. ... A country club is a private club that offers a variety of recreational sports facilities to its members. ... Bobby Jones won the first Grand Slam of golf in 1930. ... A nursery is a place where plants are propagated, usually for sale as a business, though some gardeners and farmers keep private nurseries. ... This article is about the golf tournament. ... // The Major Championships, often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf. ... This article is about the sport. ...

Contents

Overview

Augusta National is generally regarded as the most revered golf course on the PGA Tour. Since the Masters is held at the same venue every year, fans have the unique opportunity to become familiar with the course, something the other three rotating majors do not afford. This article is about the sport of golf. ... The PGA Tour is an organization that operates the USAs main professional golf tours. ...


The course is well known for its botanic beauty as well. Because the Masters is held the first weekend following the first full week in April, the flowers of the trees and shrubs bordering the course are in full bloom during the tournament. Each hole on the course is named after the tree or shrub with which it has become associated: This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ...

Hole # Name Par Yards Meters
1 Tea Olive 4 455 416
2 Pink Dogwood 5 575 526
3 Flowering Peach 4 350 320
4 Flowering Crab Apple 3 240 219
5 Magnolia 4 455 416
6 Juniper 3 180 165
7 Pampas 4 450 411
8 Yellow Jasmine 5 570 521
9 Carolina Cherry 4 460 421
       
Hole # Name Par Yards Meters
10 Camellia 4 495 453
11 White Dogwood 4 505 462
12 Golden Bell 3 155 142
13 Azalea 5 510 466
14 Chinese Fir 4 440 402
15 Firethorn 5 530 485
16 Redbud 3 170 155
17 Nandina 4 440 402
18 Holly 4 465 425

Unlike almost every other private or public golf course in the United States, Augusta National has apparently never been rated. During the 1990 Masters Tournament, a team of USGA raters organized by Golf Digest evaluated the course and gave it an unofficial rating of 76.2. Binomial name Osmanthus fragrans The Tea olive (Osmanthus fragrans) is an evergreen plant that grows as a shrub or small tree. ... Binomial name Cornus florida L. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) is a showy small tree native to eastern and southeastern North America. ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Species Malus angustifolia - Southern Crab Malus baccata - Siberian Crabapple Malus bracteata Malus brevipes Malus coronaria - Sweet Crabapple Malus domestica - Apple Malus florentina Malus floribunda - Japanese Crabapple Malus formosana Malus fusca - Oregon Crab, Pacific Crab Malus glabrata Malus glaucescens Malus halliana Malus honanensis Malus hupehensis - Chinese Crabapple Malus ioensis - Prairie Crab... Binomial name L. The Southern magnolia, also known as bull bay, is a magnolia native to the southeastern United States, from coastal North Carolina south to central Florida, and west to East Texas. ... Binomial name Juniperus virginiana L. The Eastern Juniper (Juniperus virginiana), is a widespread North American species of juniper, often also called Eastern Redcedar (though it is unrelated to the cedars). ... Binomial name Cortaderia selloana J.A. & J.H. Schultes Cortaderia selloana, commonly known as Pampas Grass or Uruguayan pampas grass, is a tall grass native to the pampas of South America. ... Yellow Jessamine (also known as evening trumpetflower or Carolina Jessamine; Gelsemium sempervirens, [L.] St. ... For other uses, see Cherry (disambiguation). ... Species About 100–250 species, including: Camellia assimilis Camellia brevistyla Camellia caudata Camellia chekiangoleosa Camellia chrysantha – Golden Camellia Camellia connata Camellia crapnelliana Camellia cuspidata Camellia euphlebia Camellia euryoides Camellia forrestii Camellia fraterna Camellia furfuracea Camellia granthamiana Camellia grijsii Camellia hongkongensis - Hong Kong Camellia Camellia irrawadiensis Camellia japonica – Japanese Camellia Camellia... Species See text. ... Species see text Source: The Rhododendron page, and some research. ... Species Cunninghamia konishii Hayata Conservation status: Endangered Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a large shrub or small tree in the pea family Fabaceae, native to eastern North America from southern Ontario, Canada south to northern Florida, United States. ... Binomial name Thunb. ... Binomial name American holly (Ilex opaca) is a small to medium broadleaved evergreen tree in the family Aquifoliaceae. ... A golf handicap is a numerical measure of an amateur golfers playing ability. ... The logo of the USGA The United States Golf Association (USGA) is the United States national association of golf courses, clubs and facilities and the governing body of golf for the U.S. and Mexico. ... The front cover of a Golf Digest magazine Golf Digest is a monthly golf magazine published by Advance Publications in the United States. ...


Amen Corner

The 11th, 12th, and 13th holes at Augusta were termed "Amen Corner" by author Herbert Warren Wind in a 1958 Sports Illustrated article. Searching for a name for the location where critical action had taken place that year, he borrowed the name from an old jazz recording "Shouting at Amen Corner" by a band under the direction of Milton Mezzrow. [1] The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... Milton Mesirow, much better known as Mezz Mezzrow (9 November 1899 - 5 August 1972) was an American Jewish jazz clarinetist and saxophonist from Chicago, Illinois. ...


In 1958 Arnold Palmer outlasted Ken Venturi for the Green Jacket with heroic escapes at Amen Corner. Amen Corner also played host to prior Masters moments like Byron Nelson's birdie-eagle at 12 and 13 in 1937, and Sam Snead's water save at 12 in 1949 that sparked him to victory. This article is about the golfer. ... Ken Venturi (born 1931 in San Francisco, California) was a prominent PGA Tour professional during the late 1950s and early 1960s. ... Personal Information Birth February 4, 1912 Waxahachie, Texas Death September 26, 2006 Roanoke, Texas Height 6 ft 1 in (1. ... Samuel Jackson Sam Snead (May 27, 1912 – May 23, 2002) was an American golfer who was one of the top players in the world for most of 4 decades. ...


Criticisms of course changes

At one point, Augusta National could have been considered amongst the two or three most innovative designs in U.S. golf. The scarcity of bunkers and its width of fairways were in stark contrast to the penal features found on the most revered U.S. courses at that time. However, the many changes from several different architects — including adding bunkers, reducing the green contours, and adding trees and rough — have taken the course away from Bobby Jones' and MacKenzie's inspiration of St Andrews in Scotland. A bunker or sand trap is a hazard in the game of golf. ... The 18th green and clubhouse of the R&A. Looking up the 18th fairway towards the clubhouse with the famous bridge over the Swilken Burn in the middle distance. ... This article is about the country. ...


The greens at the Masters were traditionally Bermuda grass. In 1981, they were reconstructed with bent grass, resulting in a significantly faster surface, requiring a reduction in the contours of the greens. [2] Common Bermudagrass Species Bermuda Grass (Cynodon dactylon) - other common names include Bahama Grass, Devils Grass, Couch Grass, Indian Doab, Grama, Scutch Grass - is a highly desirable turf grass in southern climates zones 9 - 12 needed for those regions for its heat and drought tolerance. ... Species See text. ...


Natural features

"The Big Oak Tree"

"The big oak tree" is on the golf course side of the clubhouse and is approximately 145–150 years old. The tree was planted in the 1850s.[3] // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ...


Eisenhower Tree

Also known as the "Eisenhower Pine", is a loblolly pine located on the 17th hole, approximately 210 yards (192 m) from the Master's tee. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, an Augusta National member, hit the tree so many times that, at a 1956 club meeting, he proposed that it be cut down. Not wanting to offend the President, the club's chairman, Clifford Roberts, immediately adjourned the meeting rather than reject the request outright. Binomial name Pinus taeda L. The Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) is one of the pines native to the southeastern United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Dwight David Eisenhower, born David Dwight Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969), nicknamed Ike, was a five-star General in the United States Army and U.S. politician, who served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States (1953–1961). ... Clifford Roberts (March 6, 1894 – September 29, 1977) was an American golf administrator. ...


Ike's Pond

During a visit to Augusta National, then General Eisenhower returned from a walk through the woods on the eastern part of the grounds, and informed Clifford Roberts that he had found a perfect place to build a dam if the Club would like a fish pond. Ike's Pond was built and named, and the dam is located just where Eisenhower said it should be. Two people reflected in a fish pond A pond is typically a man made body of water smaller than a lake. ...


Rae's Creek

Rae's Creek cuts across the southeastern corner of the Augusta National property. It flows along the back of the 11th green, in front of the 12th green, and ahead of the 13th tee. This is the lowest point in elevation of the course. The Hogan and Nelson Bridges cross the creek after the 12th and 13th tee boxes, respectively. The creek was named after former property owner John Rae, who died in 1789. [4] Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Architectural features

Crow's Nest

Available for amateurs wishing to be housed there during the Masters Tournament, the Crow's Nest provides living space for up to five individuals. Rising from the approximately 30 by 40 foot room is the clubhouse's 11 foot square cupola. The cupola features windows on all sides and can be reached only by ladder. The Crow's Nest consists of one room with partitions and dividers that create three cubicles with one bed each, and one cubicle with two beds. There is also a full bathroom with an additional sink. The sitting area has a game table, sofa and chairs, telephone and television. Placed throughout the Crow's Nest are books on golf, and lining the walls are photos and sketches depicting past Masters and other golf scenes. To get to the Crow's Nest, golfers must climb a narrow set of steps. Cupola of St Peters Basilica, Rome In architecture, a cupola consists of a dome-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome, often used as a lookout or to admit light and provide ventilation. ...


Eisenhower Cabin

One of ten cabins on the Augusta National property, it was built by the club's membership for member Dwight D. Eisenhower after his election as President of the United States. The cabin was built according to Secret Service security guidelines, and is adorned by an eagle located above the front porch. USSS redirects here. ...


Founders Circle

A memorial located in front of the course's clubhouse, at the end of Magnolia Lane. Plaques at Founders Circle honor Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts. Bobby Jones won the Grand Slam in 1930 Robert Tyre Jones Jr. ...


Hogan Bridge

A bridge over Rae's Creek that connects the fairway of hole 12 to its green. It is constructed of stone and covered with artificial turf. The bridge was dedicated to Ben Hogan in 1958 to commemorate his 72-hole score of 274 strokes five years earlier, the course record at the time. This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... This article is about the sport of golf. ... This article is about the geological substance. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... William Ben Hogan (August 13, 1912 – July 25, 1997) was an American golfer, and is generally considered one of the greatest golfers in the history of the game. ... Jan. ...


Magnolia Lane

The main driveway leading from Washington Road to the course's clubhouse. The lane is flanked on either side by 61 magnolia trees, each grown from seeds planted by the Berckman family in the 1850s. Magnolia Lane is 330 yards (300 m) long and was paved in 1947. Driveway to a farm A driveway is a type of private road for local access to one or a small group of structures, and maintained by an individual or group. ...


Nelson Bridge

A stonework bridge over Rae's Creek that connects the teeing ground of hole 13 to its fairway. In 1958, it was dedicated to Byron Nelson to honor his performance in the 1937 Masters. In golf, the teeing ground is the rectangular area at the beginning of a hole from which the players first stroke is taken. ... The 1937 Masters Tournament was contested from April 1 to April 4 at Augusta National Golf Club. ...


Par Three Fountain

The Par 3 Fountain is next to the No. 1 tee on the Par 3 course. The fountain has a list of Par 3 contest winners, starting with Sam Snead's win in 1960.[5] Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Record Fountain

The Record Fountain was built to commemorate the 25th anniversary of The Masters. Located left of the No. 17 tee, it displays course records and Masters Tournament champions.[6]


Sarazen Bridge

A bridge over the pond on hole 15 that separates the fairway from the green. Made of stone, it was named for Gene Sarazen for a memorable double eagle in the 1935 Masters Tournament that propelled him to victory. Gene Sarazen (born Eugenio Saraceni) (February 27, 1902 – May 13, 1999) is one of the few golfers to win all the Major Championships in his career, including 1922 US Open 1922 PGA Championship 1923 PGA Championship 1932 US Open 1932 British Open 1933 PGA Championship 1935 The Masters Winner of... Another term for a double eagle, or 3-under par on any one hole. ... The 1935 Masters Tournament was contested from April 4 to April 8 at Augusta National Golf Club. ...


Chairman

Billy Payne was named president and chief executive officer of the Atlanta Committee for the Olympic Games. ... William Hootie Johnson (1931) is the former chairman and current Chairman Emeritus of Augusta National Golf Club. ... Clifford Roberts (March 6, 1894 – September 29, 1977) was an American golf administrator. ...

Membership

Augusta National Golf Club has about 300 members at any given time. Fees are reported to range between $25,000 and $50,000.[citation needed] Membership is strictly by invitation; there is no application process. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


After much criticism of exclusive and discriminatory admissions, Augusta finally accepted a black member in 1990.


There are currently no female members of Augusta, although women are able to play the course as guests of a member. The club's lack of female membership received national attention in 2002 when Martha Burk, chairperson of the National Council of Women's Organizations, publicly challenged the club's stance. Pressure placed upon corporate sponsors of The Masters over the 2002 controversy led the Club to voluntarily broadcast the 2003 and 2004 tournaments without commercials. Martha Burk (b October 18, 1941 in Tyler, Texas) is a political psychologist, feminist, and head of the National Council of Womens Organizations who led a protest at the 2003 Masters Tournament in Augusta, Georgia to bring attention to the male-only membership rules of the Augusta National Golf... The National Council of Womens Organizations is an American non-profit political organization headed by Martha Burk with a claimed membership of 10 million women through its constituent organizations. ...


Notable members

Notable current members include: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

See here for a 2002 listing. For other persons named Bill Gates, see Bill Gates (disambiguation). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930, in Omaha, Nebraska) is an American investor, businessman and philanthropist. ... For the American illustrator, see Jack Welch (illustrator). ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... GE redirects here. ... Harold Arthur Red Poling (born 1925) is a U.S. automobile businessman. ... Carl Edward Sanders, Sr. ... Samuel Augustus Nunn, Jr. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Thomas Boone Pickens, Jr. ... Stephen Orr Spurrier (born April 20, 1945 in Miami Beach, Florida) is a former American football player and currently the head coach of the University of South Carolina football team. ...


The Green Jacket

Every member of Augusta National receives a green sports coat with the club's logo on the left breast. The idea of the Green Jacket came from club co-founder Clifford Roberts, who wanted patrons visiting during the tournament to be able to readily identify members.The winner of each year's Masters Tournament is able to play in every following Masters Tournament until their death, and receives a Green Jacket as well. The jacket is presented by the winner of the tournament from the previous year. A sportcoat (also called a sports coat or sports jacket) is a tailored coat, similar in cut to a suit coat, but less restrictive, originally of a sturdy fabric for hunting and other outdoor sports. ... The Masters Tournament, which is commonly referred to as The Masters or The US Masters (outside the United States), is one of four major championships in mens professional golf and the first of the four to be played each year. ...


The Green Jacket is worn only on club grounds. A tournament winner may wear his jacket off-grounds for the year following his win, but after that it hangs at the club.


The caddies

Augusta National remains one of the few golf clubs with a staff of caddies ready to assist members, guests and professionals. In the previous PGA Master's Tournaments, staff caddies were assigned to professional players. Not until Jack Nicklaus insisted on having his personal caddy complete competition play alongside him was the protocol changed. Although Augusta's caddy staff continue to wear trademark white jumpsuits year-round, the garb is not a PGA mandate. And though the club remains without female members, female caddies are permitted. Fanny Sunesson is one of the PGA tour's few female caddies, but has caddied for several players at the Masters, most notably three time Masters champion Nick Faldo, and more recently Henrik Stenson. During the pre-tournament Masters events in 2007, Golf Channel's Kelly Tilghman was selected by Arnold Palmer to caddy alongside him. In golf, caddy (or caddie) is the person who carries a players bag, and gives insightful advice and moral support. ... Jack William Nicklaus (born January 21, 1940), also known as The Golden Bear,[1] is widely regarded as the greatest professional golfer of all time, in large part because of his records in major championships. ... Fanny Sunesson is most noted as being the golf caddie for Nick Faldo from 1990 to 1999. ... Personal Information Birth 18 July 1957 ) (age 49) Welwyn Garden City, England Height 6 ft 3 in (1. ... Henrik Stenson (born 5 April 1976 in Gothenburg) is a Swedish golfer. ... Kelly Tilghman born in North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina is a broadcaster for The Golf Channel, and the PGA Tours first female lead golf announcer. ...


References

Architectural features

USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ...

External links

Coordinates: 33°30′00″N, 82°01′20″W The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... The front cover of a Golf Digest magazine Golf Digest is a monthly golf magazine published by Advance Publications in the United States. ... Pine Valley Golf Club is a golf course in Pine Valley, New Jersey, Camden County, in southern New Jersey. ... Shinnecock Hills Golf Club is a prestigious golf club at Southampton on Long Island in the U.S. state of New York. ... Cypress Point Club is a golf club located in Pebble Beach, California. ... Oakmont Country Club is a prestigious country club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania just outside Pittsburgh. ... Pebble Beach Golf Links is one of several well known courses in Pebble Beach, California and probably the most famous golf course in the Western United States. ... Merion Golf Club is a private golf club located in Ardmore, Pennsylvania that is consistently rated among Americas greatest golf courses, and will host the Walker Cup in 2009 and the U.S. Open in 2013. ... The main entrance to Winged Foot Golf Club Winged Foot Golf Club is a 36-hole golf club located in Mamaroneck, New York. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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