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Encyclopedia > Auditing (Scientology)

Auditing is a procedure that was originated by author L. Ron Hubbard as the central practice of Dianetics and further refined by him as he developed Scientology. Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986), better known as L. Ron Hubbard, was the creator of Dianetics, and founder of the Church of Scientology. ... This article is about the theory and practice termed Dianetics. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system, Dianetics. ...

Contents

Description

Auditing is an activity in which an Auditor (a person trained and qualified in applying auditing; defined as “one who listens”, from the Latin word audire meaning “to hear” or “listen”) listens and gives auditing commands to a "Preclear," ("PC") or person not yet Clear who is finding out about herself or himself and life through auditing. [1] Critics of the process of auditing have suggested that it shares similarities with cult style programming and some behavior modification techniques which rely upon psychological manipulation of the subject. In Dianetics and Scientology, Clear is defined as a state in which a person is free of unwanted influences of past memories, unwanted emotions, and mental and physical pain not existing in present time. ...


Auditing involves the use of "processes," which are exact sets of questions asked or directions given by an auditor. There are many different auditing processes. When the specific objective of any one process is attained, the process is ended and another can then be used. The questions or directions of the process guide the Preclear to inspect certain parts of her or his existence. By doing this, the subject is said to be able to free her/himself of unwanted barriers that inhibit, stop or blunt his natural abilities to then increase them. [2]


Scientologists argue that the person being audited is said to be completely aware of everything that happens and becomes even more alert as auditing progresses. Therefore Auditing is not referred to as something "done to" the Preclear, but rather involving her/his active participation. By using communication alone, the auditor must direct the Preclear’s attention to past moments of pain, unconsciousness or misemotion (negative emotion). The preclear must direct her/his attention inward to the deepest recesses of her/his reactive mind to confront occluded past incidents, e. g. past lives, in order to find the answer to the auditing command and erase the harmful energy (entheta) contained in the mental image pictures of these incidents. [3]


The Auditor's Code

The auditor is obliged by the church's doctrine to maintain a strict code of conduct toward the preclear called the Auditor's Code. [4] This code outlines a series of 29 promises which include pledges: [5]

1. “Not to evaluate for the preclear or tell him what he should think about his case in session”
2. “Not to invalidate the preclear’s case or gains in or out of session.”
3. “Never to use the secrets of a preclear divulged in session for punishment or personal gain.”

Auditing is said to be successful only when all the king's horses and all the kings men couldn't put humpty dumpty together again. The auditor conducts himself in accordance with the Code. According to the Church of Scientology's official guidelines, all communications during auditing are privileged and confidential, and the confidences given in trust during an auditing session are considered sacrosanct and never to be betrayed.[6] A violation of the Auditor's Code is considered a high crime under Scientology law.[7]


The E-meter

Main article: E-meter

Most auditing sessions employ a device called the Hubbard Electropsychometer or E-Meter. This device measures changes in the electrical resistance of the preclear by passing approximately 0.5 volts through a pair of tin-plated tubes much like empty soup cans, attached to the meter by wires and held by the preclear (or PC) during auditing. These low-potential changes in electrical resistance, are believed by Scientologists to be a reliable and a precise indication of changes in the reactive mind of the preclear. Mark Super VII Quantum E-meter An E-meter is an electronic device manufactured by the Church of Scientology at their Gold Base production facility. ... Electrical resistance is a measure of the degree to which an electrical component opposes the passage of current. ... In Dianetics and Scientology, Clear is defined as a state in which a person is free of unwanted influences of past memories, unwanted emotions, and mental and physical pain not existing in present time. ... Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt. ... This article is about the metallic chemical element. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In Dianetics and Scientology, the reactive mind is a concept created by L. Ron Hubbard, referring to a hypothetical portion of the human mind which Hubbard blamed for most mental and physical ailments. ...


The E-meter is believed to aid the auditor in identifying "engrams", "incidents", and "implants". These are all ingrained memories of past events in this life and in previous ones on what Hubbard calls the "Whole Track". In such Scientology publications as Have You Lived Before This Life, Hubbard wrote about past life experiences dating back billions and even trillions of years. Scientology teaches that individuals are immortal souls or spirits (called Thetans by Scientology) and are not limited to a single lifetime. In Dianetics and Scientology, an engram is defined as an unconscious, painful memory. ... Doctrine OT Levels Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy L. Ron Hubbard used the term Incident in a specific context for auditing in Scientology and Dianetics: the description of space opera events in our Universes distant past, involving alien interventions in our past lives. ... In Scientology, an implant is similar to an engram in that it is believed to condition the mind in a certain way. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy In the Church of Scientology, the concepts of the Time Track and the Whole Track are essential parts of creator L. Ron Hubbards doctrine (also known as Standard Tech). ... Have You Lived Before This Life is a Scientology / Dianetics book published by L. Ron Hubbard in 1960. ... Reincarnation, also called transmigration of souls, is the rebirth in another body (after physical death), of some critical part of a persons personality or spirit. ... This article examines the beliefs and practices of Scientology, concentrating on the version taught by the Church of Scientology. ...


Basic format of an auditing cycle

An auditing session consists of many short cycles of question/answer or command/response. For an auditor, the basic format of a cycle must follow this structure: [8]

  1. Is the preclear ready to receive the command/question?
  2. Auditor gives command/question.
  3. Preclear looks to his "bank" of memories for answer.
  4. Preclear receives answer from his "bank".
  5. Preclear gives answer to auditor.
  6. Auditor acknowledges the preclear's answer.
  7. Auditor is able to see that the preclear recognizes the acknowledgment.
  8. Cycle begins anew with the next command/question.

Typically, a process consists of many Auditing Cycles smoothly and rapidly executed such that these individual components are not apparent. For example:

  • Auditor: "Recall a problem you have had with another."
  • PC: "...hum... well there was this one time..." [PC gives an answer]
  • Auditor: "Thank you. Recall a problem you have had with another."
  • PC: "OK, once I was..." [PC gives another answer]
  • Auditor: "Good. Recall a problem you have had with another."
  • PC: "My friend, Joe, used to..." [PC gives another answer] "But hey! All my problems..." [PC states a new realization about himself or life]

Types of Auditing

  1. Dianetics
    1. Book One - Running chains of engrams as described in Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, directing the preclear to recount an incident containing pain and unconsciousness over and over again, and if that is not erasing the incident, asking for an earlier/similar (E/S) incident to run. Once the earliest incident ("Basic on the chain"), has been processed the whole chain evaporates.
    2. Standard Dianetics (made obsolete by NED) - A formalized method of running engram chains developed in 1969.
    3. New Era Dianetics (N.E.D.) - Refinements made to Standard Dianetics to accelerate the selection of incidents and the creation of 'Rundowns' or packages of processes to address specific areas of aberration.
  2. Scientology
    1. Objective - look or touch the physical universe processes. These vary from the complex to a simple Locational: "Look at that wall. Good. Look at that floor. Thank you. Look at that door. Good..."
    2. Subjective
      1. Rudiments - processes to get the Preclear to be in-session.
        1. A-R-C Breaks - Upsets, resolved by assessing the component of ARC broken and the type, taken E/S to EP.
        2. Present Time Problems - taken E/S to EP.
        3. Missed Withholds - Secrets that someone else almost found out about, examined and taken E/S to EP.
      2. Assists - processes to help a person with short term upsets, injuries or intoxication.
      3. Flows - many processes have variations based on the four flows.
        1. Flow 1: others to self
        2. Flow 2: self to others
        3. Flow 3: others to others
        4. Flow 0: self to self
      4. Repetitive Command - A single or a series of questions asked and answered over and over until the EP is achieved.
      5. Security Checking - A formalized confessional procedure used with lists of pointed questions asking for transgressions the PC has committed. The thorough examination of such events restores the PC's responsibility in that area.
      6. Listing and Nulling: the asking of a "Who or What" question, then dealing with the singular right answer.
      7. False Purpose Rundown - An expansion of Security Checking that drills down to find and blow away the reason the PC committed the transgressions in the first place.
      8. Audited NOTS (N.E.D. for OTs)
      9. Solo
        1. R6-EW
        2. OT Levels
        3. Solo NOTS (N.E.D. for OTs)

Terminology

From 1949 to 1986, Hubbard devised and continually refined a cornucopia of processes, techniques, and jargon surrounding the auditing process. Cornucopia held by the Roman goddess Aequitas on the reverse of this antoninianus struck under Roman Emperor Claudius II. The cornucopia (Latin Cornu Copiae), literally Horn of Plenty and also known as the Harvest Cone, is a symbol of food and abundance dating back to the 5th century BC. In...


Although in the early days it was common and accepted to audit without E-meters, the E-meter was reintroduced in January 1958. "Coffee Shop Auditing" was common in the 1950's, in 1971 Hubbard derogatorily denounced "coffee shop auditing" and dismissed it as "meterless fool-around, mostly by students".[9] Today the E-meter is indispensable in Scientology, and most auditing terminology refers specifically to E-meter usage and behavior of the needle on its readout. However, the E-meter is not used with "book auditing". Any two people can each study a book and decide to "co-audit", that is, take turns being an auditor or preclear.

  • Age Flash. In an "Age Flash", the auditor tells the PC (preclear) to give the first number that pops into his head when the auditor snaps his fingers.[10]
  • ARC Break Assessment. The auditor reads a list of "ARC Breaks" (Upsets) the PC could potentially have. As he reads the list, he watches the needle for reactions. [11] When a serious ARC Break is hit upon, the needle fluctuation "may be dirty, stuck or sticky, but may also give the appearance of floating" between 2.0 and 3.0. (see "Floating Needle".)[12]
  • Automaticity. When a "very rapid machine-gun fire outflow of answers" comes out of the PC during auditing.[13]
  • Buttered All Over the Universe. This term has been used in two distinctly different contexts. One is for a PC during auditing who gets confused about remote viewpoints and thinks he is anywhere and everywhere at once.[14] The other refers to a thetan who, unknowingly, really is in contact with many different points throughout the universe.[15]
  • Cognition A "Cog" is the action of the preclear suddenly realizing something about himself or life, it is a "Wow - Now I understand..."[16]
  • Communication Lag. A pronounced delay between the asking of a question and getting the answer. According to Hubbard, testing a person's communication lag is "the most important method of telling whether a person is sick or well. A person who answers quickly and rationally is in much better condition than a person who answers after a long consideration".[17] In Narconon, drills are done to reduce or eliminate one's communication lag.[18]
  • Dead Thetan. A total lack of E-meter reaction. Can either mean that the thetan is refusing to acknowledge the process or that he thinks of himself as being dead and thus fails to influence the E-meter.[19] This lack of E-meter reaction is written down as an "X" in the preclear folder.[20]
  • Dirty Needle. The needle "jerks, tips, dances, halts, is stuck, or has any random action on it with the auditor sitting looking at it doing nothing".[21]
  • Fall. The needle sways to the right, as opposed to a "Rise", which would be to the left. Also called a drop, a dip, or a register.[22]
  • Floating Needle. Originally defined as an unexplained hovering of the needle between 2.0 and 3.0, with the same speed to the left as to the right. May be a sign of a cognition, whether the PC voices it or not.[23] In October 2000 a floating needle was redefined as "a rhythmic sweep of the dial at a slow, even pace of the needle" that could even exceed the parameters of the dial and not just be confined to the 2.0-3.0 range.[24] This alteration has caused some controversy among some auditors.
  • In Session. When a preclear is willing to communicate with the auditor and has his attention on his own case he is 'in session'. Any deviation from this condition reduces the effectiveness of any therapy.
  • Instant Rudiment Read. A needle reaction before the auditor has finished the question. This occurs when the PC has either anticipated the next words in the auditor's sentence, or when one of the words in the sentence must be handled on their own for whatever reason.[25]
  • Mock-Up or "Mockup". The act of creating a mental picture, which, though technically imaginary, is also "a self-created object which exists as itself or symbolizes some object in the MEST universe. It is a thing which one can be."[26] The preclear is often asked to do mockups during auditing, and Hubbard has claimed that these mental mockups can produce verifiable physical manifestations such as increasing body weight.[27]
  • Mood Drills. In 1975, Hubbard instituted "Mood Drills" in which the auditor would rehearse auditing Training Routines TR1 through TR4 over and over, each time done in the mood and style befitting each different level on the Tone Scale. This can be especially challenging, as Hubbard noted wryly: "Lots of laughs doing it really. Doing TRs as a dead auditor is pretty tricky." The purpose of the drills are to keep the auditor aware of how his own personal mood and demeanor can improperly have an effect on auditing sessions.[28]
  • Muzzled Auditing. While some forms of auditing require a certain amount of chattiness and conversation, for the most part a "muzzled" approach is preferred, in which the auditor says two things and two things only: giving the command/question and acknowledging the answer with "thank you". In 1972, Hubbard said stating the "model session patter" in this manner "always gets the best results".[29] In some forms of muzzled auditing, a non-sequitur answer is to be ignored or simply nodded to, with the question then asked again. In others, the auditor says the word "flunk" and re-asks the question. To help enforce Hubbard's "model session patter", David Miscavige ordered Patter drills be instituted to help student auditors memorize it. Some, such as former Scientologist Robert Dam, have criticized this method.[30]
  • Murder Routine. A colloquial term among auditors for a simple way to trick the preclear into admitting overts (well-known counter-survival acts) and withholds (hidden counter-survival acts). The name comes from the classic example of asking the PC if they've murdered their wife, to which the PC may respond "oh no! I only cheated on her!"[31] Although not officially issued as Standard Tech until 1974, Hubbard says he began using this trick in 1961 while auditing in South Africa. [32]
  • Needle Pattern. Certain people may have their own "Needle pattern" reaction on the E-meter which is chronic and constant, even when both they and the auditor are saying and doing nothing.[33]
  • Restimulation. Like a 'flashback' of sorts, a PC may find engrams for forgotten and buried incidents or implants "restimulated" and re-experienced.[34]
  • Rise. The opposite of a "Fall". The needle sways to the left instead of the right.[35]
  • Rocket Read. A needle reaction "characterized by a spurted, accelerated beginning... it looks like something taking off, like being shot... its other characteristic is a curled end."[36]
  • Rock Slam. When the needle slams back and forth in a "crazy irregular slashing motion".[37] In 1962, Hubbard stated it "indicates a fight, an effort to individuate, an extreme games condition".[38] By 1978, he had decreed that a rock slam indicated a hidden evil intention toward the subject of questioning,[39] which meant that in response to questions about the Scientology organization, it indicated an evil intention toward the Church itself.[40] Within the Sea Org, this was once grounds for assignment to the Rehabilitation Project Force.[41]
  • Rundown. "A series of steps which are auditing actions and processes designed to handle a specific aspect of a case and which have a known end phenomena."[42]
  • Straightwire. The PC is asked to mentally imagine, or "mock up", a line being strung between themselves and an event in the past. Says Hubbard, "the auditor is directing the memory of the preclear and in doing so is stringing wire, much on the order of a telephone line".[43]
  • Theta Bop. A rapid (five to ten times a second) dance of the needle. Said to mean "death", "leaving", "don't want to be here" in 1961's E-meter Essentials book and was described as the thetan "vibrating in and out of the body".[44] But by 1968, in The Wall of Fire (OT III), Hubbard revealed that a theta-bop reading was actually caused by Body Thetans trying to exteriorize from your body.[45]
  • Tiger Drills. This was originally part of a series of drills where student auditors practiced different reads and different "goals", the idea being that "to be a Tiger" would be a very unlikely goal, and therefore a good challenge for drills.[46] In time it was determined by Hubbard that "to be a Tiger" was especially useful as a drill goal because it was a "null, unmeaningful word" that would not accidentally restimulate any engrams.[47] For a time in the 1960s, this sense of "Tiger" as null led to slang usage among Scientologists to refer to Suppressive persons.[48] This slang meaning seems to have fallen out of usage since Hubbard's death.
  • Time Shift. An auditor can take a PC to or through an incident by announcing "It is three minutes later", etc. The auditor doesn't need to wait for those moments to actually elapse in real time. Its purpose is to skirt around the perceived parameters of an incident to make sure the true beginning and true end have been determined.[49]
  • Very Good Indicators When the Preclear is smiling, happy, bright eyes, or even laughing he is said to have "VGIs"

ARC may refer to: // American Record Company, a United States record label American Reprographics Company, the largest reprographics company in the United States ARC International, a computer processor designer Airlines Reporting Corporation, a company which handles administrative functions for airlines Advanced Recon Commando, part of the elite special forces of... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy In Scientology, the concept of thetan (pronounced THAY-tan) is similar to the concept of spirit or soul found in other belief systems. ... Narconon is not associated with Narcotics Anonymous, which is sometimes abbreviated Narcanon. Scientologys Narconon is an in-patient rehabilitation program for drug abusers in several dozen treatment centers worldwide, chiefly in the United States and western Europe. ... In the Scientology religion, MEST is an acronym for Matter, Energy, Space and Time, considered by Scientologists to be the four component parts of the physical universe. ... In Church of Scientology doctrine, the subjects of supernatural or superhuman powers and abilities are ones that recur often. ... In Scientology, the tone scale or emotional tone scale is a characterization of human behavior and bodily appearance. ... David Miscavige (born April 30, 1960 in Philadelphia) is Chairman of the Board of Religious Technology Center (RTC), a corporation that controls the trademarked names and symbols of Dianetics and Scientology, and is the ultimate ecclesiastical authority regarding the standard and pure application of L. Ron Hubbard’s religious technologies. ... Patter drills are a drilling method used in courses in the Church of Scientology which were added to many Church courses in mid-1995, by David Miscavige. ... In Scientology, Standard Tech refers to uncompromising application of the Dianetic and Scientology techniques prescribed by L. Ron Hubbard. ... Doctrine OT Levels Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy L. Ron Hubbard used the term Incident in a specific context for auditing in Scientology and Dianetics: the description of space opera events in our Universes distant past, involving alien interventions in our past lives. ... In Scientology, an implant is similar to an engram in that it is believed to condition the mind in a certain way. ... In the Church of Scientology, L. Ron Hubbards concept of game is defined in the Official Scientology and Dianetics glossary as: game: a contest of person against person or team against team. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy The Sea Organization or Sea Org is an association of Scientologists established in 1968 by L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. ... The Rehabilitation Project Force, or RPF, is a system of work camps[1] set up by the Church of Scientology Sea Organization, intended to rehabilitate members who have not lived up to the Church expectations or have violated certain policies. ... In Scientology, a rundown is a procedure set out as a series of steps to produce a particular end result, or phenomena. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy In Scientology, a thetan is the term roughly corresponding to ones soul, and a Body Thetan is an alien thetan who is stuck in, on or near a human meat body, and all human bodies are said to be covered in... In Scientology, a formally condemned and shunned heretic or wrongdoer is labelled a Suppressive Person, often abbreviated SP. L. Ron Hubbard coined the term to refer to enemies of the Church of Scientology, whose suppressive acts are said to impede the progress of Scientology. ...

Controversy

Preclear folders

The Scientology/Dianetics auditing process has raised concerns from a number of quarters, as auditing sessions are permanently recorded in the form of handwritten notes in preclear folders. Although they are represented to practitioners as being private, one documented organizational directive written by Mary Sue Hubbard authorized the use of these folders for internal security purposes. This directive was later canceled because it was supposedly not part of Scientology as written by L. Ron Hubbard. The Guardian's Office itself was disbanded due to claims it had deviated from Church of Scientology policy.[50] Some critics have noted that Scientology's collecting of intensely personal and private information through auditing leaves an adherent vulnerable to potential blackmail should they ever consider leaving the Church.[51] Judge Paul Breckenridge, in Church of Scientology of California vs. Gerald Armstrong, noted that Mary Sue Hubbard (plaintiff in that case) "authored the infamous order 'GO 121669' which directed culling of supposedly confidential P.C. [Preclear] files/folders for the purposes of internal security ... for purposes of intimidation and/or harassment".[52] Critics and former members assert that preclear folders have indeed been used for such intimidation and harassment.[53][54][55][56] [1] Gerry Armstrong is a former high-ranking member of the Church of Scientology who left the organization in the mid 1980s after determining that few of L. Ron Hubbards claims about Hubbards own past life were consistent with reliable documentation. ... Mary Sue Hubbard (born Mary Sue Whipp) (17 June 1931–25 November 2002 [1]) was the third wife of science fiction writer and Church of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard and often regarded as the first lady of Scientology. ... Official Scientology Cross Symbol The Church of Scientology was founded by author L. Ron Hubbard as an organization dedicated to the practice of Scientology, an applied religious philosophy formulated by Hubbard. ...


Hypnosis

The Anderson Report, an official inquiry conducted for the state of Victoria, Australia, found that auditing involved a form of "authoritative" or "command" hypnosis, in which the hypnotist assumes "positive authoritative control" over the patient. "It is the firm conclusion of this Board that most scientology and dianetic techniques are those of authoritative hypnosis and as such are dangerous. ... the scientific evidence which the Board heard from several expert witnesses of the highest repute ... which was virtually unchallenged - leads to the inescapable conclusion that it is only in name that there is any difference between authoritative hypnosis and most of the techniques of scientology. Many scientology techniques are in fact hypnotic techniques, and Hubbard has not changed their nature by changing their names." [57] In 1959, L. Ron Hubbard set up Scientologys headquarters at Saint Hill, England, a few miles from East Grinstead. ... Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ... For the novel by Lucas Hyde, see Hypnosis (novel). ...


Medical claims

Scientologists have claimed benefits from auditing including improved IQ, improved ability to communicate, enhanced memory and alleviation of dyslexia and attention deficit disorder; however, no scientific studies have verified these claims. Indeed, the aforementioned Anderson report stated that auditing involved a kind of command hypnosis that could lead to potentially damaging delusional dissociative states. Licensed psychotherapists have alleged that the Church's auditing sessions amount to mental health treatment without a license, but the Church vehemently disputes these allegations, and claims to have established in courts of law that its practice claims only to lead to spiritual relief. So, according to the Church, the psychotherapist treats mental health and the Church treats the spiritual being. IQ redirects here; for other uses of that term, see IQ (disambiguation). ... This article is about developmental dyslexia. ... DISCLAIMER Please remember that Wikipedia is offered for informational use only. ... For the novel by Lucas Hyde, see Hypnosis (novel). ...


A 1971 ruling of the United States District Court, District of Columbia (333 F. Supp. 357), specifically stated, "the E-meter has no proven usefulness in the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of any disease, nor is it medically or scientifically capable of improving any bodily function." [2] As a result of this ruling, Scientology now publishes disclaimers in its books and publications declaring that the E-meter "by itself does nothing" [58] and that it is used specifically for spiritual purposes. Mark Super VII Quantum E-meter An E-meter is an electronic device manufactured by the Church of Scientology at their Gold Base production facility. ... Mark Super VII Quantum E-meter An E-meter is an electronic device manufactured by the Church of Scientology at their Gold Base production facility. ...


References

Note: HCOB refers to "Hubbard Communications Office Bulletins", HCOPL refers to "Hubbard Communications Office Policy Letters", and SHSBC refers to "Saint Hill Special Briefing Courses". All have been made publicly available by the Church of Scientology in the past, both as individual documents or in bound volumes.

  1. ^ Website: What is Scientology / A DESCRIPTION OF AUDITING
  2. ^ Website: What is Scientology / A DESCRIPTION OF AUDITING / page 2
  3. ^ THE IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNICATION Website: What is Scientology / A DESCRIPTION OF AUDITING
  4. ^ Website: What is Scientology / THE AUDITOR’S CODE
  5. ^ website: Scientology.org / THE AUDITOR’S CODE
  6. ^ Website: What is Scientology / THE AUDITOR’S CODE
  7. ^ [Book: Introduction to Scientology Ethics]
  8. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 30 April 1971
  9. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 8 March 1971
  10. ^ Hubbard, Science of Survival, 1st edition, 1951, Book 2, pg.51.
  11. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 7 September 1964
  12. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 21 September 1966
  13. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 10 May 1965
  14. ^ Hubbard, Dianetics 55!, 1st edition, pg.145-146.
  15. ^ The Creation of Human Ability 1st edition, pg.74.
  16. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 25 Feb 60.
  17. ^ Hubbard, Professional Auditor's Bulletin, Issue no. 2
  18. ^ Narconon (BOTWO) Communication and Perception Course, Book 4a, 2004 edition.
  19. ^ Hubbard, SHSBC 1, E-meter Talk and Demo, 1961
  20. ^ Hubbard, SHSBC 255, Anatomy of the GPM, 1963
  21. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 30 December 1962
  22. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 29 April 1969
  23. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 7 May 1969
  24. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 21 July 1978R, Revised 8 October 2000
  25. ^ Hubbard, The Book of E-meter Drills, 1st edition, pg.37
  26. ^ Hubbard, Journal of Scientology, Issue 14-G
  27. ^ Hubbard, Understanding the E-meter, 1st edition, pg. 52
  28. ^ Hubbard, Board Technical Bulletin, 13 March 1975
  29. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 20 July 1972 II
  30. ^ http://www.robertdam-cos.dk/GAT.html
  31. ^ Hubbard, Expanded Dianetics Series 8, 28 March 1974.
  32. ^ Hubbard, Dianetics and Scientology Technical Dictionary, 1st edition, pg. 260
  33. ^ SHSBC 224, R2-12 data: Needle Behavior, 1962.
  34. ^ Hubbard, Scientology 0-8, 1st edition, pg.85
  35. ^ Hubbard, Introducing the E-meter, 1st edition, pg. 42
  36. ^ Hubbard, SHSBC 266, The Helatrobus Implants, 1963
  37. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 1 Nov 1974
  38. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 8 Nov 1962
  39. ^ Hubbard, L. Ron. "HCO Bulletin of 1 November 1978: Definition of a Rock Slam". Hubbard Communications Office, 1978.
  40. ^ Hubbard, L. Ron. "HCO Bulletin of 1 November 1974RA: Rock Slams and Rock Slammers". Hubbard Communications Office, 1974.
  41. ^ Church of Scientology. Sea Organization Flag Order 3434RB: The Rehabilitation Project Force. 7 January 1974.
  42. ^ http://www.scientology.org/gloss.htm#r
  43. ^ Hubbard, Science of Survival, 1st edition, Book 2, pg. 64.
  44. ^ Hubbard, E-meter Essentials, 1st edition, pg. 16
  45. ^ Hubbard, The Wall of Fire (OT III), 1968
  46. ^ Hubbard, HCOB 1 August 1962 II
  47. ^ Hubbard, L. Ron. Hubbard Definition Notes
  48. ^ Hubbard, Flag Order 872.
  49. ^ Hubbard, DMSMH, 1st edition, pg. 224
  50. ^ http://www.gerryarmstrong.org/50grand/cult/fls-rpt-corr-breckenridge.html Scientology statement about the court ruling.
  51. ^ Hines, Bruce. Interview with Hoda Kotb. Inside Scientology. Countdown with Keith Olbermann. CNBC.
  52. ^ Memorandum of Intended Decision in Church of Scientology of California vs. Gerald Armstrong (PDF format)
  53. ^ Atack, Jon (1990). "Chapter Four - The Clearwater Hearings", A Piece of Blue Sky. Lyle Stuart, 448. ISBN 0-8184-0499-X. 
  54. ^ Girardi, Steven. "Witnesses Tell of Break-ins, Conspiracy", Clearwater Sun, 1982-05-09, pp. 1A. 
  55. ^ Prince, Jesse (1999). Affidavit of Jesse Prince. Estate of Lisa McPherson v. Church of Scientology Flag Service Organization, Inc., case no. 97-01235. Retrieved on 2006-06-13.
  56. ^ Barnes, John (1984-10-28). "Sinking the Master Mariner". Sunday Times Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-07-18. 
  57. ^ Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology (PDF format) by Kevin Victor Anderson, Q.C. Published 1965 by the State of Victoria, Australia.
  58. ^ What is the E-Meter and how does it work? The President of the Church of Scientology Answers Your Questions. Church of Scientology International. Retrieved on 2006-05-19.

Dianetics 55! is a Dianetics/Scientology book published in 1954 by L. Ron Hubbard. ... This is an incomplete bibliography of Scientology and Scientology-related books produced within the Church of Scientology and its related organizations. ... In Church of Scientology doctrine, Helatrobus was an interplanetary nation, now extinct, which existed trillions of years ago. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Scientology Portal 

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1152, 199 KB) A blue e-meter, a ritual device used by the Church of Scientology. ...

Church sites

  • Auditing.org: What is Scientology Auditing?
  • New Era Dianetics “Auditing (NED®)”
  • Official E-Meter Site
  • The Auditors Code

Other sites

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system, Dianetics. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy The doctrine of Scientology beliefs and practices centers around the concept that all people are immortal spiritual beings called thetans. ... In Scientology, the Assist is described as a process which is done to alleviate a present time discomfort. [1] Despite the use of assists to treat pain and injuries, the Scientology Handbook (1994 edition) states: An assist in no way intrudes upon the role of medicine. ... The Scientology Justice system is a means for a Scientology organization to take action against a member whose conduct or actions are viewed as highly desctructive or offensive by an executive within the organization. ... Disconnection is a practice in Scientology, in which a Scientologist severs all ties between themselves and friends, colleagues, or family members who criticize Scientology practices. ... In Scientology, the Doctrine of Exchange dictates that services must never be given away but must be paid for. ... Mark Super VII Quantum E-meter An E-meter is an electronic device manufactured by the Church of Scientology at their Gold Base production facility. ... There are many holidays, commemorations and observances in the Church of Scientology, including but not limited to: January 25: Criminon Day This commemorates the 1970 founding of Criminon, a program which seeks to rehabilitate prisoners by disseminating free copies of Scientology-related materials such as The Way to Happiness. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology and marriage, within the Church of Scientology, are discussed in the book The Background, Ministry, Ceremonies & Sermons of the Scientology Religion. ... In Church of Scientology doctrine, there have been a number of controversial medical claims made, usually centered around their auditing process, which uses a device called an E-meter to analyze and treat a persons so-called Reactive mind and Body Thetans. These claims range from the 1950 publication... R2-45 is one of the Auditing Processes used by the Church of Scientology. ... This article is about the theological concept. ... In Scientology, a rundown is a procedure set out as a series of steps to produce a particular end result, or phenomena. ... Silent birth, sometimes known as quiet birth, is a birthing procedure advised by L. Ron Hubbard and advocated by Scientologists in which everyone attending the birth should refrain from spoken words as much as possible and where ... chatty doctors and nurses, shouts to PUSH, PUSH and loud or laughing remarks... In Scientology, space opera is a coined usage of the pre-existing term related to science fiction and was used by Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard to describe extraterrestrial civilizations and alien interventions in past lives. ... In Church of Scientology doctrine, the subjects of supernatural or superhuman powers and abilities are ones that recur often. ... Study tech, or study technology, is a method of study, devised and spelled out by L. Ron Hubbard, founder of the Church of Scientology. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy In Scientology, the concept of thetan (pronounced THAY-tan) is similar to the concept of spirit or soul found in other belief systems. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy In the Church of Scientology, variant texts exist of the numerous written and transcribed works on Dianetics and Scientology (or Standard Tech) of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, due in part to their being written and published over the span of four... In the Scientology religion, MEST is an acronym for Matter, Energy, Space and Time, considered by Scientologists to be the four component parts of the physical universe. ... In Dianetics and Scientology, the reactive mind is a concept created by L. Ron Hubbard, referring to a hypothetical portion of the human mind which Hubbard blamed for most mental and physical ailments. ... In Scientology, the tone scale or emotional tone scale is a characterization of human behavior and bodily appearance. ... Fair Game is a status assigned to those whom the Church of Scientology has officially declared to be Suppressive Persons or Suppressive Persons are those whose actions are deemed to suppress or damage Scientology or a Scientologist. ... The Fishman Affidavit is a set of court documents submitted by ex-Scientologist Steven Fishman in 1994 containing criticisms of the Church of Scientology and, controversially, substantial portions of the Operating Thetan course materials. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Gabe Cazares (1920-2006) was the former mayor of Clearwater, Florida, a civil rights advocate, and a critic of the Church of Scientology. ... Philip Chandler Gale (1978, Los Angeles, California – March 13, 1998, Cambridge, Massachusetts) was a pioneering internet software developer and computer prodigy, an avid musician, born and raised a Scientologist but rejecting that upbringing and turning to drugs and the Church of the SubGenius. ... Howard Keith Henson (b. ... The Church of Scientology has been involved in a number of court disputes throughout the world. ... Noah Antrim Lottick (March 8, 1966 – May 11, 1990) was an American student of Russian studies and a Scientologist. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy Lisa McPherson (born Lisa Skonetski, February 10, 1959–December 5, 1995) was a Scientologist who died of a pulmonary embolism while under the care of the Flag Service Organization (FSO), a branch of the Church of Scientology. ... Operation Clambake Operation Clambake (xenu. ... Grand Jury Charges, Introduction, United States of America v. ... Operation PC Freakout was the name given by the Church of Scientology to a covert plan undertaken by the Church in 1976, with the goal of harassing Paulette Cooper, author of a book critical of Scientology titled The Scandal of Scientology. The plan came to light when the FBI seized... Patter drills are a drilling method used in courses in the Church of Scientology which were added to many Church courses in mid-1995, by David Miscavige. ... Elli Perkins (1949–March 13, 2003) was a mother of two, professional glass artist, and Scientologist who lived in Western New York. ... Scientology has often come into conflict with psychiatry since the foundation of Scientology in 1952. ... Scientology pays members commissions on new recruits they bring in, so Scientology members routinely try to sell Scientology to others. ... In Scientology, a formally condemned and shunned heretic or wrongdoer is labelled a Suppressive Person, often abbreviated SP. L. Ron Hubbard coined the term to refer to enemies of the Church of Scientology, whose suppressive acts are said to impede the progress of Scientology. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology and the Internet have been involved in a number of disputes related to what the Church of Scientology cites as Intellectual property matters. ... Scientology and Me is the name of a controversial television documentary conducted by reporter John Sweeney, which aired on the BBC programme, Panorama on 14 May 2007. ... The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power, Time Magazine, Richard Behar, 1991. ... Lawrence A. Wollersheim is an ex-Scientologist. ... For other uses, see Xenu (disambiguation). ... This article is about the theory and practice termed Dianetics. ... In Dianetics and Scientology, an engram is defined as an unconscious, painful memory. ... In Dianetics and Scientology, Clear is defined as a state in which a person is free of unwanted influences of past memories, unwanted emotions, and mental and physical pain not existing in present time. ... Scientology cross Symbol The Church of Scientology is the largest religious organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ... A Scientology Center on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy The Sea Organization or Sea Org is an association of Scientologists established in 1968 by L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. ... The Rehabilitation Project Force, or RPF, is a system of work camps[1] set up by the Church of Scientology Sea Organization, intended to rehabilitate members who have not lived up to the Church expectations or have violated certain policies. ... Celebrity Centres are Church of Scientology centers that are open to the public but serve mostly artists and celebrities and other professionals, leaders and promising new-comers in the fields of the arts, sports, management and government, and for those are the people who are sculpting the present into the... The Church of Scientology (CST) maintains a large base on the outskirts of Trementina, New Mexico. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Office of Special Affairs (OSA) is a department of the Church of Scientology responsible for directing legal affairs, publicizing the Churchs social betterment works, and oversee[ing its] social reform programs. Observers outside the Church have characterized the department as an intelligence agency, comparing it variously to the... , Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy The Gold Base is a 500 acre parcel and the headquarters of Golden Era Productions, the media division of the Church of Scientology, located at 19625 Highway 79, Gilman Hot Springs, California 92583, near Hemet. ... The International Association of Scientologists (IAS) was formed in October 1984 by a group of selected Scientologists, who assembled at Saint Hill Manor in East Grinstead, Sussex, England. ... The Religious Technology Center (RTC) is a non-profit corporation established in 1982 by the Church of Scientology to control and oversee the uses of all of the trademarks, symbols and texts of Scientology and Dianetics, including the copyrighted works of the religions founder, L. Ron Hubbard. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... Tom Davis is the head of Celebrity Centre International in Los Angeles, California. ... Lafayette Ronald Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986), better known as L. Ron Hubbard, was the creator of Dianetics, and founder of the Church of Scientology. ... Mary Sue Hubbard (born Mary Sue Whipp) (17 June 1931–25 November 2002 [1]) was the third wife of science fiction writer and Church of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard and often regarded as the first lady of Scientology. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy Heber Carl Jentzsch (born 1935 to Carl Jentzsch and his third wife Pauline), has served as president of the Church of Scientology International since 1982. ... David Miscavige (born April 30, 1960 in Philadelphia) is Chairman of the Board of Religious Technology Center (RTC), a corporation that controls the trademarked names and symbols of Dianetics and Scientology, and is the ultimate ecclesiastical authority regarding the standard and pure application of L. Ron Hubbard’s religious technologies. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy Mike Rinder is the commanding officer of the Office of Special Affairs International, a division of the Church of Scientology. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer, best known for his leading roles in films such as Saturday Night Fever, Grease and Pulp Fiction. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy The following lists specific Scientology references in popular culture. ... The book by William S. Burroughs entitled Alis Smile/Naked Scientology was published i 1978 by Expanded Media Editions, Herwarthstr. ... A Token of My Extreme, by Frank Zappa, is a song on the 1979 concept album Joes Garage [Part II]. The main character from this triple-album rock-opera has his mind messed-up by Lucille then finally does something right and pays a lot of money to L... A Very Merry Unauthorized Childrens Scientology Pageant is a satirical musical about Scientology and L. Ron Hubbard, written by Kyle Jarrow from a concept by Alex Timbers, the shows original director. ... “Trapped in the Closet” is the twelfth episode of the ninth season of the Comedy Central series South Park. ... For other uses, see The Bridge. ... The Profit is a 2001 film directed by Peter N. Alexander. ... The Association for Better Living and Education (A.B.L.E.) is a secular branch of the Church of Scientology. ... Founded in 1983, the Concerned Businessmens Association of America (CBAA) is an element of the Scientology movement directed at promoting moral education and enhanced well-being through the use of Hubbards The Way to Happiness booklet in their Set A Good Example (SAGE) program, which holds childrens... Recruitment and endorsements by Scientologist celebrities have always been very important to the Church of Scientology. ... Criminon is a secular non proft 501 C3 working with government departments and inmates to reduce recidivism and restore self respect to the inmate. ... Downtown Medical is a controversial Scientology clinic on 139 Fulton Street in New York City, founded in 2003 with the purpose of treating people for toxins inhaled from the smoke of the 9/11 attacks. ... The Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR; also sometimes known as the Citizens Committee on Human Rights) is an advocacy group established in 1969 by the Church of Scientology and libertarian psychiatrist Thomas Szasz. ... Narconon is not associated with Narcotics Anonymous, which is sometimes abbreviated Narcanon. Scientologys Narconon is an in-patient rehabilitation program for drug abusers in several dozen treatment centers worldwide, chiefly in the United States and western Europe. ... The Oxford Capacity Analysis (OCA), also known as the American Personality Analysis, is a personality test that is given for free by the Church of Scientology. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy The Way to Happiness is a 1980 booklet written by Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard listing 21 moral precepts, and distributed by The Way to Happiness Foundation International, a Scientology-related non-profit organization founded in 1984. ... The Volunteer Minister program is a worldwide effort founded by the Church of Scientology International. ... World Institute of Scientology Enterprises (WISE) is an organization that educates and assists businesses in the use of Scientology management techniques. ... This is a timeline of Scientology, particularly its foundation and development by author L. Ron Hubbard. ... Bibliography of published works by L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) Because the majority of Hubbards writings of the 1950s through the 1970s were aimed exclusively at Scientologists, the Church of Scientology founded its own publishing companies, Bridge Publications (http://www. ... The following are trademarks, service marks, and/or collective membership marks that the Church of Scientology and affiliated organizations claim to own, some of which are registered in some nations. ... This is an incomplete bibliography of Scientology and Scientology-related books produced within the Church of Scientology and its related organizations. ... This is an incomplete filmography of Scientology and Scientology-related films, videos, and audiovisual materials produced within the Church of Scientology and its related organizations. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public groups Organization Controversy This is an incomplete discography of Scientology and Scientology-related recordings produced within the Church of Scientology and its related organizations. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Scientology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6431 words)
Auditing requires that the preclear be a willing and interested participant who understands the questions, and the process goes more smoothly when he or she understands what is going on.
Scientology is technically considered a religion in the United States and Australia, and thus enjoys and regularly cites the constitutional protections afforded in both nations to religious practice (First Amendment to the United States Constitution; Australian Constitution, s 116).
Scientology is publicly and vehemently opposed to psychiatry and psychology.
SCIENTOLOGY (2186 words)
Scientology teaches that this idea is patently false, unworkable, and acts as a barrier to a personal understanding of life.
The goal of Scientology applied religious philosophy is to bring the individual to a point where they are capable of sorting out the factors in their own life and solving their own problems.
Auditing is assisted by use of a specially designed meter (E-Meter or Electro-psychometer) which helps locate areas of spiritual distress or travail by measuring the mental state or change of state of the person being audited.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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