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Encyclopedia > Audio engineering

Audio engineering is a part of audio science dealing with the recording and reproduction of sound through mechanical and electronic means. The field draws on many disciplines, including electrical engineering, acoustics, psychoacoustics, and music. Unlike acoustical engineering, audio engineering generally does not deal with noise control or acoustical design. However, an audio engineer is often closer to the creative and technical aspects of audio rather than formal engineering. An audio engineer must be proficient with different types of recording media such as analog tape and Digital multitrack recorders and workstations (ex: Digidesign Pro Tools, Steinberg Cubase or Nuendo) Computer knowledge and with the advent of the digital age it is becoming more and more important for the audio engineer to be versed in the understanding of Software and Hardware integration from syncronization to Analog to Digital transfers. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a wave. ... Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Acoustics is a branch of physics and is the study of sound (mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids). ... Psychoacoustics is the study of subjective human perception of sounds. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Acoustical engineering is the branch of engineering dealing with sound and vibration. ... Noise Control: Building Interior Noise Control Reduction of Reverberation is one function of noise control, most often refered to when speaking of building and room interiors. ... Acoustics is a branch of physics and is the study of sound (mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids). ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... Engineering is the applied science of acquiring and applying knowledge to design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...

Contents

Lexical dispute

The expressions audio engineer and sound engineer are ambiguous. Such terms can refer to a person working in sound and music production, as well as to a graduated engineer designing professional equipment for these tasks, making acoustical simulations of rooms, facing computer music problems, or doing research on sound in general, both in acoustics and from a signal processing point of view. The latter professional often develops the tools needed for the former's work. Other languages, such as German and Italian, have different words to refer to these two activities. Computer music is music generated with, or composed with the aid of, computers. ... Signal processing is the processing, amplification and interpretation of signals, and deals with the analysis and manipulation of signals. ...


Practitioners

An engineer at one of the audio consoles of the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (Danmarks Radio). The console is an NP-elektroakustik specially made for Danmarks Radio in the eighties.
An engineer at one of the audio consoles of the Danish Broadcasting Corporation (Danmarks Radio). The console is an NP-elektroakustik specially made for Danmarks Radio in the eighties.

An audio engineer is someone with experience and training in the production and manipulation of sound through mechanical (analog) or digital means. As a professional title, this person is sometimes designated as a sound engineer or recording engineer instead. A person with one of these titles is commonly listed in the credits of many commercial music recordings (as well as in other productions that include sound, such as movies). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Danmarks Radio (normally referred to as just DR) is Denmarks national broadcasting corporation. ... Sound is a disturbance of mechanical energy that propagates through matter as a wave. ... Look up analog, analogue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A digital system is one that uses discrete values (often electrical voltages), especially those representable as binary numbers, or non-numeric symbols such as letters or icons, for input, processing, transmission, storage, or display, rather than a continuous spectrum of values (ie, as in an analog system). ...


Audio engineers are generally familiar with the design, installation, and/or operation of sound recording, sound reinforcement, or sound broadcasting equipment, including large and small format consoles. In the recording studio environment, the audio engineer records, edits, manipulates, mixes, and/or masters sound by technical means in order to realize an artist's or record producer's creative vision. While usually associated with music production, an audio engineer deals with sound for a wide range of applications, including post-production for video and film, live sound reinforcement, advertising, multimedia, and broadcasting. When referring to video games, a audio engineer may also be a computer programmer. Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... A sound reinforcement system is an electromechanical system for accurately amplifying, reproducing, and sometimes recording audio, so that persons not near the original source may experience the sound as if they were. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... Console may be: An organ term for the area of an organ including the keys, stops, and foot pedals manipulated by the organist. ... A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... Mastering, a form of audio post-production, is the process of preparing and transferring recorded audio from a source containing the final mix to a data storage device (the master); the source from which all copies will be produced (via methods such as pressing, duplication or replication). ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Post production is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... “Advert” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ...


In larger productions an audio engineer is responsible for the technical aspects of a sound recording or other audio production, and works together with a record producer or director, although the engineer's role may also be integrated with that of the producer. In smaller productions and studios the sound engineer and producer is often one and the same person. Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ...


In typical sound reinforcement applications, audio engineers often assume the role of producer, making artistic decisions along with technical ones. A sound reinforcement system is an electromechanical system for accurately amplifying, reproducing, and sometimes recording audio, so that persons not near the original source may experience the sound as if they were. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ...


Different professional branches of sound engineering

  • Studio engineer could refer to either a sound engineer working in a studio together with a producer or to a producing sound engineer working in a studio.
  • Recording engineer is a person recording a record differentiating from a ...
  • Mixing engineer who performs mixes of already recorded materials. It is not uncommon for a commercial record to be recorded at one studio and later mixed by different engineers in other studios.
  • Live sound engineer is a person dealing with live sound reinforcement. This usually includes planning and installation of speakers etc and soundmixing during the show. This may or may not include running the foldback sound.
  • Foldback engineer this refers to the person running foldback sound during a live event.

Foldback is the use of rear-facing loudspeakers on stage during a live music performance that is amplified with a public address system. ... Foldback is the use of rear-facing loudspeakers on stage during a live music performance that is amplified with a public address system. ...

Education

Audio Engineers come from all backgrounds such as electrical engineering or Fine Arts, many colleges and accredited institutions around the world offer Degrees in Audio Engineering such as BS in Audio Production.


Equipment

Audio engineers in their daily work operate and take use of:

BBC Local Radio Mark III radio mixing desk In professional audio, a mixing console, digital mixing console, mixing desk (Brit. ... “Microphones” redirects here. ... A Signal Processor is an electronic circuit that removes information from an analog signal as quantifiable units for further analysys. ... In general, a tape recorder, tape deck, or tape machine is any device that records a fluctuating signal by moving a strip of magnetic tape across a tape head, which is a strong electromagnet. ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ... A loudspeaker is a device which converts an electrical signal into sound. ...

Studio Engineers of note

Steve Albini (born July 22, 1962, Pasadena, California) is a singer, songwriter, guitarist, audio engineer and music journalist. ... Bill Bottrell is an American music producer, songwriter and musician, probably best known for his Grammy Award-winning collaboration with Sheryl Crow. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bob Clearmountain is a legendary American music engineer, mixer and producer. ... Tom Dowd (October 20, 1925 - October 27, 2002) was an American recording engineer and producer for Atlantic Records. ... Evgeny Murzin or Eugeny Murzin In 1938 Murzin invented a design for composers based on synthesizing complex musical sounds from a limited number of pure tones; this proposed system was to perform music without musicians or musical instruments. ... Engineer Geoff Emerick. ... Mick Guzauski (also Mic Guzauski and Mick Mix Maestro Guzauski) is a multi-platinum production sound mixer and sound engineer. ... Leslie Ann Jones is a multiple Academy and Grammy Award-winning recording engineer and film sound mixer working as Director of Scoring and Music Recording at Skywalker Sound, a Lucasfilm company. ... Eddie Kramer is an audio engineer and producer who has worked with Led Zeppelin, Kiss, Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, David Bowie, Peter Frampton, Curtis Mayfield, Santana, Anthrax, Carly Simon and Robin Trower. ... Greg Ladanyi co-produced the Behind the Mask album with Fleetwood Mac. ... Paul Richards can refer to different people: Paul W. Richards, an astronaut Paul Richards, a baseball player, manager, scout and executive This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Chris Lord-Alge is a mixer who has worked on various albums including Bad Religions No Substance, Darren Hayes Spin and Underoaths Define the Great Line, My Chemical Romances The Black Parade, Rise Againsts The Sufferer and the Witness. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Scott The Engineer Salem is the engineer for The Howard Stern Show. ... George Y. Massenburg (b. ... For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see James Munro (VC) James Munro was the pseudonym of a British writer named James William Mitchell (born 1926) who, in the late 1960s, wrote four superior spy thrillers under this byline. ... For the hockey player go here: Yuri Morozov Yuri Vasilyevich Morozov (Russian: , March 6, 1948-February 24, 2006), was a Russian rock Multi-instrumentalist, sound engineer and composer. ... John T. Jack Mullin (1913–1999) was an American pioneer in the field of electronic audio and video recording using magnetic tape. ... For the songwriter, please see Roger Nichols (songwriter) Roger Nichols was a nuclear engineer until he turned his hobby of audio recording into a career as a recording engineer and producer. ... Hugh Padgham is a British record producer and audio engineer. ... Alan Parsons (b. ... This article is about the musician. ... Bill Porter is a sound engineer who recorded such stars as Elvis Presley and Roy Orbison through the 1960s and 1970s. ... Bill Putnam Sr (born 1920, Danville, Illinois) was a renowned American audio engineer, songwriter, producer, studio designer and businessman who has been described as the father of modern recording. He was the inventor of the modern recording console and is recognised as a key figure in the development of the... Phil Ramone is a violinist, composer, recording engineer, and innovative record producer born in 1934. ... Eberhard Sengpiel is a multiple Grammy award-winning sound engineer. ... Al Schmitt is an thirteen-time Grammy Award winning music engineer and producer. ... Bruce Swedien. ... Ken Townshend was an Abbey Road Studios engineer. ...

See also

Electrical Engineers design power systems… … and complex electronic circuits. ... Acoustical engineering is the branch of engineering dealing with sound and vibration. ... Broadcast engineering is the field of electrical engineering, and now to some extent radio and television broadcasting. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Professional audio, also pro audio, can be used a term to refer to both a type of audio equipment as well as a type of audio engineering application. ... Audio Restoration is an overarching term for the process of removing artifacts (such as hiss, crackle, noise, and buzz) from sound recordings. ...

External resources

  • Audio engineering formulas and calculators
  • Audio Engineering Society
  • Audio Engineering School
  • Plasa Professional Lighting and Sound Association

  Results from FactBites:
 
Audio Engineer - Computer Games - Skillset (831 words)
The size of the audio department depends on the company, but can consist of just one or two people who are sometimes required to work very long hours, particularly as launch dates approach.
The Audio Engineer will sometimes also audition and record any actors that are needed – in other languages if the game is being re-versioned – and this might involve lip synching to animation.
Audio Engineers need excellent communication and interpersonal skills to be able to understand what designers and producers want from them and to keep up with any changes.
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Analyze, troubleshoot, and remedy common electrical and audio problems, ground loops, and equipment failures.
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COMMENTARY     

Mike The Mixing Engineer
15th December 2010
I think that anyone with the talent to be a mixing engineer is worthy of praise. It is just as impressive as someone that has mastered the piano or any other musical instrument. I love seeing these guys work.
There are 1 more (non-authoritative) comments on this page

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