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Encyclopedia > Aude
Aude
Coat of arms of the Aude department
Location
Administration
Department number: 11
Region: Languedoc-Roussillon
Prefecture: Carcassonne
Subprefectures: Limoux
Narbonne
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 35
Communes: 438
President of the General Council: Marcel Rainaud
Statistics
Population Ranked 71st
 -1999 309,770
Population density: 50/km²
Land area¹: 6139 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France

Aude (Occitan: Aude) is a department in south-central France named after the Aude River. The local council also calls the department "Cathar Country". Image File history File links Blason11. ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... A subprefecture in Verdun, France Subprefectures (French: sous-préfectures) are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. ... Limoux is a village and commune south of Carcassonne, in the French département of Aude, a part of the ancient Languedoc province and the present-day Languedoc-Rousillon region. ... Narbonne (Narbona in Catalan and in Occitan, commonly Narbo especially when referring to the Ancient Rome era) is a town and commune of southwestern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Aude department are: Arrondissement of Carcassonne, (prefecture of the Aude department: Carcassonne) with 18 cantons and 207 communes. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Aude department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Alzonne Belpech Capendu Carcassonne 1st Canton Carcassonne 2nd Canton-Nord Carcassonne 2nd Canton-Sud Carcassonne 3rd Canton Castelnaudary Nord Castelnaudary Sud Conques-sur-Orbiel Fanjeaux Lagrasse Mas-Cabardès Montréal Mouthoumet... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 438 communes of the Aude département in France: (CAC) Communauté dagglomération du Carcassonnais, created in 2002. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Categories: | ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The Aude River (Latin Atax) is a river of southwestern France. ...


Aude is also a frequent feminine French given name in Francophone countries, deriving initially from Aude or Oda, a wife of Bertrand, Duke of Aquitaine and mother of Saint Hubertus's brother Eudo. Coat of arms of the duchy of Aquitaine. ... Saint Hubertus or Hubert (born circa 656 to 658, probably in Toulouse; died May 30, 727 or 728 in Tervuren near Brussels, Belgium), called the Apostle of the Ardennes was the first Bishop of Liège. ...

Contents

History

The Roman road Via Domitia crossed Aude in classical times. Not to be confused with Romans road. ... The Via Domitia was the first Roman road built in Gaul, which is in modern day France. ...


Aude was the center of the Cathars, a 10th-century dualistic and Gnostic Christian sect. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ... The term dualism is the state of being dual, or having a twofold division. ... Gnosticism is a blanket term for various religions and sects most prominent in the first few centuries A.D. General characteristics The word gnosticism comes from the Greek word for knowledge, gnosis (γνῶσις), referring to the idea that there is special, hidden mysticism (esoteric knowledge...


The present department is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the language called Langue doc, see Occitan language. ...


Geography

Aude is located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees mountains. Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ...


It is part of the current region of Languedoc-Roussillon. It is surrounded by the departments of Pyrénées-Orientales, Ariège, Haute-Garonne, Tarn, and Hérault, with the Golfe du Lion on the east. (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Pyrénées-Orientales (English: , Catalan: , Occitan: ) is a department of southern France adjacent to the northern Spanish frontier and the Mediterranean Sea. ... Ariège is a département in southwestern France named after the Ariège River. ... Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. ... For other uses, see Tarn (disambiguation). ... This article is about the French department. ... The Golfe du Lion (Gulf of Lion) is a wide embayment of the Mediterranean coastline of Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence, reaching from the border with Catalonia in the west to Toulon. ...


Climate

Aude is under the influence of a Mediterranean climate.


The autumn is characterized by violent and short storms. The summer is often hot and dry, which is favorable to the culture of the vine and the olive-trees. Yet, the department is more contrasted : In the North, the Montagne Noire and, in the south, the Pays de Sault, have a climate of mountain,with temperatures sometimes very low in winter. In the West, the climate is under Aquitaine influence, with more important precipitations while in the East the climate is purely Mediterranean. In the Centre, in the Limouxin, Carcassonnais and of Razès areas, the climate is known as intermediary, with important exposures to the winds. The winds are often present in Aude. It is one of the windiest French department, with 300 to 350 days of wind per year. This phenomenon is mostly due to the reliefs north and south which create a kind of corridor.


In the North-West, blows the Cers, called Tramontane in Provence, which is a ground wind. It is a dry, pretty violent wind and cold in winter. At the opposite, blows the Autan, locally called the Marin, which is hot and wet and comes from the sea in south-east.


These regular winds made it possible to install park of wind mills like in the area of Avignonet-Lauragais.


Tourism

Carcassonne has been restored to much of its medieval glory. Narbonne attracts many tourists to its Roman ruins. Other towns and villages worth visiting include Limoux, Quillan, Lezignan - Corbières, Lagrasse, Sigean and Leucate. Limoux lies in the upper Aude valley, 24 km south of Carcassonne. It is particularly noted for its local wine, Blanquette, a sparkling white wine which is said to have been the forerunner of Champagne. Limoux hosts an extensive and varied market each Friday. Quillan lies 27 km further south in the upper Aude valley and is at the head of the branch railway from Carcassonne. Lezignan-Corbières lies on the main road between Carcassonne and Narbonne. It is called the capital of the Corbières and has an excellent Wednesday morning market. Lagrasse is listed as one of the most attractive villages in France. It stands on the River Orbieu and has an 8th century abbey, two very attractive bridges and an unchanged and very compact and delightful medieval stone village centre. Sigean, 18 km south of Narbonne, lies between the A9 Autoroute and the coast and has an African Reserve. Leucate is an attractive hilltop village, about 30 km south of Narbonne, which has spread down to the coast where Leucate Plage is a popular beach resort. Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Narbonne (Narbona in Catalan and in Occitan, commonly Narbo especially when referring to the Ancient Rome era) is a town and commune of southwestern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Limoux is a village and commune south of Carcassonne, in the French département of Aude, a part of the ancient Languedoc province and the present-day Languedoc-Rousillon region. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Leucate is a commune of the Aude département, in southwestern France. ... Limoux is a village and commune south of Carcassonne, in the French département of Aude, a part of the ancient Languedoc province and the present-day Languedoc-Rousillon region. ... Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... Blanquette is a French sparkling white wine produced in the Languedoc-Roussillon. ... This article is about Champagne, the alcoholic beverage. ... Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... Carcassonne (Carcassona in Occitan) is a fortified French town, in the Aude département of which it is the préfecture, in the former province of Languedoc. ... Narbonne (Narbona in Catalan and in Occitan, commonly Narbo especially when referring to the Ancient Rome era) is a town and commune of southwestern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... Corbières is the largest Appellation dOrigine Contrôlée in the Languedoc-Roussillon, encompassing an enomrous variety of soil types and microclimates. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Narbonne (Narbona in Catalan and in Occitan, commonly Narbo especially when referring to the Ancient Rome era) is a town and commune of southwestern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... A game reserve is an area of land set aside for maintenance of wildlife for tourism or hunting purposes. ... Leucate is a commune of the Aude département, in southwestern France. ...


The Corbières Hills form the central part of the department. This is an area of dissected plateaux and escarpments which form an effective barrier to direct road communication. It is a very attractive and sometimes wild area of steep hills, hidden valleys, woodland and vines, and contains some of the most memorable Cathar sites including Quéribus, Peyrepertuse and Villerouge-Termenès. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ... The Château de Quéribus The Château de Quéribus (in Occitan Castèl de Queribús) is a once ruined castle in the the commune of Cucugnan in the Aude département of France. ... Peyrepertuse Castle Peyrepertuse is a ruined fortress located high in the French Pyrénées in the Aude département, and has been associated with the Counts of Narbonne and Barcelona. ... The Château de Termes is a ruined castle near the village of Termes in the Aude département of France. ...


Wine production is extensive across Aude, and local chateaux and domaines provide free tastings as well as sales of wine and other local produce. With the decline of some local wine production, local government policy is now to attract more tourists to the area, and to assist with this the Corbières area is now labelled on maps and road signs as Cathar country. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aude

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Aude department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Alzonne Belpech Capendu Carcassonne 1st Canton Carcassonne 2nd Canton-Nord Carcassonne 2nd Canton-Sud Carcassonne 3rd Canton Castelnaudary Nord Castelnaudary Sud Conques-sur-Orbiel Fanjeaux Lagrasse Mas-Cabardès Montréal Mouthoumet... The following is a list of the 438 communes of the Aude département in France: (CAC) Communauté dagglomération du Carcassonnais, created in 2002. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Aude department are: Arrondissement of Carcassonne, (prefecture of the Aude department: Carcassonne) with 18 cantons and 207 communes. ...

External links

  • (French) General council website
  • (French) Prefecture website
  • (English) Aude Tourism Guide
  • (English) Photos of Aude
  • Photos of the Aude

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aude - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (170 words)
Aude is a département in south-central France named after the Aude River.
Aude was the center of the Cathars, a 10th-century Gnostic Christian sect.
Aude is located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Pyrenees mountains.
>>WANTICKETS.COM DJ // Dave Aude (772 words)
What exactly sets Audè apart from the rest is that few producers working in electronic dance music today combine a depth of musical knowledge; melody, harmony and song structure, with such a high degree of technical expertise.
Audè's been djing for over seven years with residencies at "Rubber" in Orange County, CA as well it's twin venue in Las Vegas, NV and at Velvet in St. Louis, MN.
Audè also travels quite a bit previewing his singles and remixes, playing to packed houses across the US and has recently found grand acceptance in the UK, playing such hot spots at Sundissential, The Gallery and Golden.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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