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Encyclopedia > Auckland
Auckland
Tāmaki-makau-rau (Māori)
—  Main urban area  —
Auckland CBD skyline from Devonport
Auckland CBD skyline from Devonport
Nickname: City of Sails,
Queen City (now rarely used)
Coordinates ([1]): 36°51′S 174°47′E / -36.85, 174.783
Country Flag of New Zealand New Zealand
Settled ~ 1350 (early Maori)
  ~ 1840 (first Europeans)
Territorial Authorities
Government
 - Mayor(s)
 - Regional Council Auckland Regional Council
Area
 - Total 1,086 km² (419 sq mi)
Population (June 2007 estimate)[2]
 - Total 1,294,000
 - Density 1,199.5/km² (3,106.7/sq mi)
 - Demonym Aucklander
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 - Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Extent of Urban Area North to Waiwera,
northwest to Kumeu,
east to Maraetai,
south to Drury and Runciman;
excludes Waitakere Ranges
& Hauraki Gulf Islands
Website: http://www.aucklandnz.com/

The Auckland metropolitan area or Greater Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area of the country. It is also New Zealand's most populous city with approximately 1.3 million residents, over a quarter of the country's population, and demographic trends indicate that it will continue growing faster than the rest of the country. Auckland also has the largest Polynesian population of any city in the world.[3] Auckland usually refers to the metropolitan area of Auckland (Greater Auckland) in New Zealand. ... Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ... Statistics New Zealand defines New Zealand urban areas for statistical purposes. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 409 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 1539 pixel, file size: 521 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ... Devonport as viewed from Mt Victoria. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (589x807, 103 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auckland ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... North Shore City (orange). ... Papakura is the name of a city and a district to the south of Auckland in New Zealands North Island. ... Waitakere City is in the west of metropolitan Auckland, New Zealands most populous urban area. ... Manukau City is a city in the Greater Auckland region of New Zealand. ... The Rodney District of New Zealand is the northernmost area in New Zealands Auckland region, created in 1989 from the amalgamation of Helensville Borough and Rodney County. ... A true-colour image showing the Auckland area. ... John Archibald Banks QSO (born 2 December 1946) is a New Zealand politician. ... Robert Harvey QSO (b. ... John Law is a politician and mayor of the Rodney District Council, New Zealand. ... Auckland is one of the 15 regions of New Zealand, named after Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... On November 2, 1868, New Zealand officially adopted a standard time to be observed nationally, and was perhaps the first country to do so. ... Fiji Gilbert Islands, Kiribati Marshall Islands New Zealand (except Chatham Islands) Korsae, Micronesia Nauru Parts of Russia: Kamchatka Oblast Koryakia Autonomous District Chukotka Autonomous District Tuvalu Wake Island Wallis and Futuna External links Find cities currently in UTC+12 Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Enderbury, Kiribati (Phoenix Islands Time) Tonga External links Find cities currently in UTC+13 Category: ... Kumeu is a small town north-west of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Drury is a small town located within the limits of Papakura city at the southern end of the Auckland metropolitan area, in New Zealand. ... The Waitakere Ranges are a chain of hills generally running approximately 25 km from north to south generally 25 km west of central Auckland, New Zealand. ... A true-colour image showing Auckland city (left), the Hauraki Gulf (centre) and the Coromandel Peninsula (right). ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... Statistics New Zealand defines New Zealand urban areas for statistical purposes. ... A map showing the major cities and towns of New Zealand. ... Polynesian is an adjectival form which refers variously to: Polynesian pie Polynesian sauce, a food condiment available at Chick-fil-A the aboriginal inhabitants of Polynesia, and their: Polynesian culture Polynesian mythology Polynesian languages Category: ...


It is a conurbation, made up of Auckland City (excluding the Hauraki Gulf islands), North Shore City, and the urban parts of Waitakere and Manukau cities, along with Papakura District and some nearby urban parts of Rodney and Franklin Districts. In Māori its name is Tāmaki-makau-rau, or the transliterated version of Auckland, Ākarana. A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... North Shore City (orange). ... Waitakere City is New Zealands fifth largest city, with an annual growth of about 2%. It is part of the Auckland region, and is incorporated in the Auckland metropolitan area. ... Manukau City (orange). ... Papakura district (boundary red, urban area orange) in relation to the Auckland metropolitan area (grey) The Papakura District is one of the several local territories in New Zealands Auckland Region. ... The Rodney District of New Zealand is the northernmost area in New Zealands Auckland region, created in 1989 from the amalgamation of Helensville Borough and Rodney County. ... A true-colour image showing the Auckland area. ... Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ...


Auckland lies between the Hauraki Gulf of the Pacific Ocean to the east, the low Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, and the Waitakere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west. The central part of the urban area occupies a narrow isthmus between the Manukau Harbour on the Tasman Sea and the Waitemata Harbour on the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the few cities in the world to have harbours on two separate major bodies of water. A true-colour image showing Auckland city (left), the Hauraki Gulf (centre) and the Coromandel Peninsula (right). ... The Hunua Ranges are an area of hilly country to the southeast of Auckland in New Zealands North Island. ... Location of Manukau Harbour. ... The Waitakere Ranges are a chain of hills generally running approximately 25 km from north to south generally 25 km west of central Auckland, New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Isthmus (disambiguation). ... Location of Manukau Harbour. ... fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ... Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the harbour. ...

Contents

History

Main article History of Auckland

1888 German map of Auckland. ...

Early Māori and Europeans

The isthmus was first settled around 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. Many (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. Māori population in the area is estimated at about 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans.[4][5] The subsequent introduction of firearms, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating inter-tribal warfare, causing iwi, who lacked the new weapons, to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. As a result, the region had relatively low numbers of Māori when European settlement of New Zealand began. There is, however, nothing to suggest that this was the result of a deliberate European policy.[6][7] A pā or pa (pronounced pah) was a type of Māori village or community fortified and built for defence. ... Iwi (pronounced ee-wee) are the largest everyday social units in Māori society. ...


After the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in February 1840, the new Governor of New Zealand, William Hobson, chose the area as his new capital. Even in 1840, however, Port Nicholson (later Wellington), was seen as a better choice for an administrative capital because of its proximity to the South Island, which was being settled much more rapidly. At the same time, Auckland was the capital and principal city of the Auckland Province, remaining so until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. Immigration to the new city remained strong, however, even after it lost its status as national capital in 1865. One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty signed on February 6, 1840 by representatives of the British Crown, and Māori chiefs from the North Island of New Zealand. ... William Hobson (September 26, 1792 - September 10, 1842), was the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi. ... Port Nicholson, also known by the Maorified name of Poneke, is a large natural harbour at the southwestern end of New Zealands North Island. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... (For the current top-level subdivision of Auckland in New Zealand, see Auckland Region) The Auckland Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876. ...


Growth up to today

Becoming a base against the Māori King Movement in the early 1860s and continued road building towards the south into the Waikato enabled Pākehā (European New Zealanders) influence to spread from Auckland. Its population also grew fairly rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 12,423 by 1864. The growth occurred similarly to other mercantile-dominated cities, mainly around the port and with problems of overcrowding and pollution. Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu. ... Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Pākehā is a Māori term generally used to describe New Zealanders of British or European ancestry, but it can also be used to refer to any non-Māori person. ... Mercantilism is the economic theory that a nations prosperity depended upon its supply of gold and silver, that the total volume of trade is unchangeable. ...


Trams and railway lines shaped Auckland's rapid expansion in the early first half of the 20th century, but soon afterward the dominance of the motor vehicle emerged and has not abated since; arterial roads and motorways have become both defining and geographically dividing features of the urban landscape. They also allowed further massive expansion that resulted in the growth of associated urban areas like the North Shore (especially after the construction of the Auckland Harbour Bridge), and Manukau City in the south. North Shore City (orange). ... The bridge from Watchman Island, west of it. ... Manukau City (orange). ...


A large percentage of Auckland is still dominated by a very suburban style of building, giving the city a very low population density. Although it has no more than a sixth of the population of London, it sprawls over an area almost as large (over 1,000 sq km), making public transport costlier than in other, high-density, cities.[8] Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Future growth

Auckland is expecting substantial population growth via immigration and natural population increases (which contribute to growth at about 1/3rd and 2/3rds, respectively)[9], and is set to grow to an estimated 2 million inhabitants by 2050.[10] This substantial increase in population will have a major impact on transport, housing and other infrastructure that is in many cases already considered under pressure. It is also feared by some organisations, such as the Auckland Regional Council, that urban sprawl will result from the growth and, as a result, that it is necessary to address this proactively in planning policy. Auckland is one of the 15 regions of New Zealand, named after Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Look up policy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


A 'Regional Growth Strategy' has been adopted that sees limits on further subdivision and intensification of existing use as its main sustainability measures.[11] This policy is contentious, as it naturally limits the uses of private land, especially the subdivision of urban fringe properties,[12] by setting 'Metropolitan Urban Limits' in planning documents like the District Plan.[13] The Earth Day flag includes a NASA photo. ... A District Plan is a statutory planning document of New Zealands territorial authorities. ...


A related issue is the current discussion about local government, with widely differing views. Some Aucklanders blame limited progress on Auckland's issues on poor governance and the fragmentation of the city into various councils (currently seven "City/District" authorities, plus one "Regional" authority). Others point to the fact that a previous integration of the many much smaller Borough Councils did not bring the promised advantages either, and reduced local participation in politics.[14] In 2007, New Zealand's Labour governnment set up a Royal Commission of Inquiry which will report back on what restructuring should be done.[15][16]


Geography and climate

Rangitoto island as seen from North Head.
Rangitoto island as seen from North Head.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 292 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 292 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Rangitoto Island is a volcanic island in the Hauraki Gulf near Auckland, New Zealand. ... North Head as seen from the south from Tamaki Drive. ...

Volcanoes

Auckland straddles the volcanoes of the Auckland Volcanic Field. The approximately 50 volcanic vents in the field take the form of cones, lakes, lagoons, islands and depressions, and several have produced extensive lava flows. Most of the cones have been partly or completely quarried away. The individual volcanoes are all considered extinct, although the volcanic field itself is merely dormant. Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... A 1859 German map of the field. ... For other uses, see Quarry (disambiguation). ... Towering over the city of Naples, Vesuvius is dormant but certainly not extinct A dormant volcano is a volcano which is not currently erupting, but is believed to still be capable of erupting in the future. ...


The most recent and by far the largest volcano, Rangitoto Island, was formed within the last 1000 years, and its eruptions destroyed the Māori settlements on neighbouring Motutapu Island some 700 years ago. Rangitoto's size, its symmetry, its position guarding the entrance to Waitemata Harbour and its visibility from many parts of the Auckland region make it Auckland's most iconic natural feature. Few birds and insects inhabit the island because of the rich acidic soil and the type of flora growing out of the rocky soil. Location of Rangitoto island (marked in red). ... Motutapu Island (or simply Motutapu) is located in the Hauraki Gulf to the northeast of the city of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the harbour. ...

Auckland and the inner Hauraki Gulf from space.
Auckland and the inner Hauraki Gulf from space.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 674 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1068 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Satellite image of Auckland, New Zealand, and the islands of the inner Hauraki Gulf. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 674 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1068 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Satellite image of Auckland, New Zealand, and the islands of the inner Hauraki Gulf. ... A true-colour image showing Auckland city (left), the Hauraki Gulf (centre) and the Coromandel Peninsula (right). ...

Harbours and Gulf

Auckland lies on and around an isthmus, less than 2 kilometres wide at its narrowest point, between Mangere Inlet and the Tamaki River. There are two harbours in the Auckland urban area surrounding this isthmus: Waitemata Harbour to the north, which opens east to the Hauraki Gulf, and Manukau Harbour to the south, which opens west to the Tasman Sea. For other uses, see Isthmus (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Tamaki River, despite its name, is actually an estuarial arm of the Hauraki Gulf, close to the city of Auckland in New Zealand. ... Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the harbour. ... A true-colour image showing Auckland city (left), the Hauraki Gulf (centre) and the Coromandel Peninsula (right). ... Location of Manukau Harbour. ... fuck you Map of the Tasman Sea Satellite photo of the Tasman Sea The Tasman Sea is the large body of water between Australia and New Zealand, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. ...


Bridges span parts of both harbours, notably the Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the Waitemata Harbour west of the Auckland Central Business District (CBD). The Mangere Bridge and the Upper Harbour Bridge span the upper reaches of the Manukau and Waitemata Harbours, respectively. In earlier times, portage paths crossed the narrowest sections of the isthmus. The bridge from Watchman Island, west of it. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ... Mangere Bridge is a bridge over the Manukau Harbour in south-western Auckland, New Zealand, crossing between the suburb also known as Mangere Bridge and the suburb of Onehunga. ... The Upper Harbour Bridge is a motorway bridge (technically two bridges as of 2006), which spans over a reach of the Waitemata Harbour and connects Hobsonville, Waitakere City and Greenhithe, North Shore City, New Zealand. ... For the Gentoo Linux package manager, see Portage (software). ...


Several islands of the Hauraki Gulf are administered as part of Auckland City, though they are not officially part of the Auckland metropolitan area. Parts of Waiheke Island effectively function as Auckland suburbs, while various smaller islands near Auckland are mostly zoned 'recreational open space' or are nature sanctuaries. A true-colour image showing Auckland city (left), the Hauraki Gulf (centre) and the Coromandel Peninsula (right). ... An image of Waiheke Island using satellite data. ... There are many suburbs in the Auckland metropolitan area. ...


Climate

View of the Auckland Central Business District.

Auckland has a warm-temperate climate, with warm, humid summers and mild, damp winters. It is the warmest main centre of New Zealand and is also one of the sunniest, with an average of 2060 sunshine hours per annum[17] (about the same as the Isle of Wight in UK). The average daily maximum temperature is 23.7 °C in February, and 14.5 °C in July, the absolute maximum recorded temperature is 30.5 °C, while the absolute minimum is -2.5.[17] High levels of rainfall occur almost year-round with an average of 1240 mm per year spread over 137 'rain days'. [17] Climatic conditions vary in different parts of the city owing to geography such as hills, land cover and distance from the sea, hence unofficial Auckland temperature records exist, such as a maximum of 32.4 °C in Henderson during February 1998.[18] On 27 July 1939 Auckland received its only recorded snowfall.[19] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... Henderson is a major suburb of Waitakere City, in the Auckland metropolitan area in the North Island of New Zealand. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The early morning calm on the isthmus during settled weather, before the sea breeze rises, was described as early as 1853: "In all seasons, the beauty of the day is in the early morning. At that time, generally, a solemn stillness holds, and a perfect calm prevails..." Many Aucklanders use this time of day to walk and run in parks.[20]


As car ownership rates are very high and emissions controls relatively weak, Auckland suffers from some air pollution, especially in regards to fine particles emissions. There are also regular breaches of guideline levels of carbon monoxide.[21] While maritime winds normally disperse the pollution relatively quickly it can sometimes become visible as smog, especially on calm winter days. Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... Fine particles Fine particles is an air pollutant mainly produced by cars running on diesel. ... R-phrases , , , , S-phrases , , , , Flash point Flammable gas Related Compounds Related oxides carbon dioxide; carbon suboxide; dicarbon monoxide; carbon trioxide Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... For other uses, see Smog (disambiguation). ...

Weather averages for Auckland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C 23.3 23.7 22.4 20.0 17.4 15.2 14.5 15.0 16.2 17.8 19.6 21.6 18.9
Average low °C 15.3 15.8 14.6 12.3 10.0 8.0 7.1 7.6 8.9 10.5 12.1 13.9 11.3
Precipitation mm 75 65 94 105 103 139 146 121 116 91 93 91 1,240
Average high °F 73.9 74.7 72.3 68.0 63.3 59.4 58.1 59.0 61.2 64.1 67.3 70.9 66.0
Average low °F 59.6 60.5 58.3 54.2 50.0 46.4 44.8 45.7 48.0 50.9 53.8 57.0 52.4
Precipitation inch 2.95 2.56 3.70 4.13 4.06 5.47 5.75 4.76 4.57 3.58 3.66 3.58 48.82
Source: [22]

People

Cultures

Prime Minister Helen Clark being welcomed onto an Auckland marae.
Prime Minister Helen Clark being welcomed onto an Auckland marae.
See also: Culture of New Zealand

Auckland is home to many cultures. The majority of inhabitants claim European - predominantly British - descent, but substantial Māori, Pacific Islander and Asian communities exist as well. Auckland has the largest Polynesian population of any city in the world and a higher proportion of people of Asian origin than the rest of New Zealand. Ethnic groups from all corners of the world have a presence in Auckland, making it by far the country's most cosmopolitan city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2025x1605, 511 KB) Summary I took this photo on 6 Feb 2006 (Waitangi Day). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2025x1605, 511 KB) Summary I took this photo on 6 Feb 2006 (Waitangi Day). ... For other persons named Helen Clark, see Helen Clark (disambiguation). ... Taputapuātea, an ancient marae at Raiātea in the Society Islands, restored in 1994. ... There is no one culture of New Zealand. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Pākehā. (Discuss) It has been suggested that Pākehā be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Pacific Islands (or Pacific Person, pl: Pacific People, also called Oceanic[s]), is a geographic term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe the inhabitants of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania. ... Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Cosmopolitanism is the idea that all of humanity belongs to a single moral community. ...


Demographics

The proportion of Asians and other Non-European immigrants has increased during the last decades due to immigration,[23] and the removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race. Immigration to New Zealand is heavily concentrated towards Auckland (partly for job market reasons). This strong focus on Auckland has led the immigration services to award extra points towards immigration visa requirements for people intending to move to other parts of New Zealand.[24] To date, five periods of Immigration to New Zealand may be identified. ...


The following table shows the ethnic profile of Auckland's population, as recorded in the 2001 and 2006 New Zealand Census. The percentages add up to more than 100%, as some people counted themselves as belonging to more than one ethnic group. Figures for 2006 refer to the whole Auckland Region, not just the urban area. The substantial percentage drop of 'Europeans' was mainly caused by the increasing numbers of people from this group choosing to define themselves as 'New Zealanders' - even though this was not one of the groups listed on the census form. The New Zealand government Department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. ...

Ethnic Group 2001 (%)[25] 2001 (people) 2006 (%)[26] 2006 (people)
European 66.9 684,237 56.5 698,622
Pacific Island 14.9 152,508 14.4 177,936
Asian 14.6 149,121 18.9 234,222
Māori 11.5 117,513 11.1 137,133
Middle East/Latin America/Africa n/a n/a 1.5 18,555
Others 1.3 13,455 0.1 648
'New Zealanders' n/a n/a 8.0 99,258
Total giving their ethnicity 1,022,616 (individuals) 1,237,239 (individuals)

The 2006 Census also provides information about the multilinguality of the region. Accordingly, 867,825 people in the Auckland Region spoke one language only, while 274,863 spoke two, and 57,051 could converse in three or more languages.[26] Pacific Islands (or Pacific Person, pl: Pacific People, also called Oceanic[s]), is a geographic term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe the inhabitants of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The term multilingualism can refer to rather different phenomena. ...

Sky Tower illuminated in Christmas colours during December.
Sky Tower illuminated in Christmas colours during December.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ...

Religion

Similar to the rest of the country, over half of Aucklanders profess Christianity, but fewer than 10% regularly attend church and almost 40% profess no religious affiliation (2001 census figures). The main denominations are Roman Catholic, Anglican and Presbyterian. Pentecostal and charismatic churches are the fastest growing. A higher percentage of Polynesian immigrants are regular churchgoers than other Aucklanders. Recent immigration from Asia has added to the religious diversity of the city, so now about 10% of the population follow such beliefs as Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism, although there are no figures on religious attendance. There is also a small, long-established Jewish community. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Athanasius · Augustine · Constantine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Calvin · Luther · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The charismatic movement began... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Lifestyle

Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities. Meanwhile, traffic problems (compared to other New Zealand cities), the lack of good public transport, and increasing housing costs have been cited by many Aucklanders as among the strongest negative factors of living there,[27] together with crime.[28] Nonetheless, Auckland current ranks 5th in a survey of the quality of life of the world's top 55 cities (2007 data, rank unchanged from 2006).[29] In 2006, Auckland placed 23rd on the UBS list of the world's richest cities.[30] UBS AG (NYSE: UBS; SWX: UBSN; TYO: 8657) is a diversified global financial services company, with its main headquarters in Basel & Zürich, Switzerland. ...

City Of Sails - View over the Westhaven Marina.
Auckland - Skyline from Westhaven Marina.
Auckland - Skyline from Westhaven Marina.

Image File history File links View of central Auckland, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links View of central Auckland, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

Leisure

Auckland is popularly known as the "City of Sails" because the harbour is often dotted with hundreds of yachts and has more per capita than any other city in the world, with around 135,000 yachts and launches estimated. Around 60,500 of the country's 149,900 registered yachtsmen also come from the Auckland Region.[31][32] Viaduct Basin also hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup), and its cafes, restaurants, and clubs add to Auckland's vibrant nightlife. With the sheltered Waitemata Harbour at its doorstep, Auckland sees many nautical events, and there are also a large number of sailing clubs in Auckland, as well as Westhaven Marina, the largest of the Southern Hemisphere.[33][32] This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Today a Launch is a motorboat with an open or half open deck. ... Viaduct Basin is a development of modest apartments and expensive eateries located at the site of a run-down marina on the waterfront in Auckland, New Zealand. ... This article is about the yachting competition. ... Team New Zealand in race three of their unsuccessful Americas Cup Defence The 2002–2003 Louis Vuitton Cup, held in the Hauraki Gulf in Auckland, New Zealand saw nine teams from six countries staging 120 races over five months to select a challenger for the Americas Cup. ... The marina at the west of the Auckland waterfront. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ...


High Street, Queen Street, Ponsonby Road, and Karangahape Road are also very popular with urban socialites. Newmarket and Parnell are up-market shopping areas, while Otara's and Avondale's famous fleamarkets and Victoria Park Market offer a colourful alternative shopping experience. Newer shopping centre-type developments in the Auckland area tend to be outside of the older city centres, with Sylvia Park (Sylvia Park, Auckland City), Botany Town Centre (Howick, Manukau City) and Westfield Albany (under construction as of 2007) (Albany, North Shore City) being the three largest. Queen Street in downtown Auckland Queen Street, Auckland, New Zealand, is the major commercial thoroughfare of the countrys main population centre. ... Ponsonby is an inner suburban area of the city of Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Located close to the central business district of the city of Auckland, New Zealand - Karangahape Road (also known as K Road) is one of Aucklands most colourful places. ... Just south-east of the city centre of Auckland, New Zealand, on the way to Remuera, lies the suburb of Newmarket. ... Looking North-North-West down Parnell Road, with the Auckland waterfront and Waitemata Harbour in the distance The Anglican Cathedral, with the old St Marys church behind it Parnell is a suburb of Auckland, and has been existent since Auckland was founded in 1841. ... Otara is a suburb of Manukau City, one of the cities which make up the Auckland metropolitan area in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Avondale is a placename in the following countries: Canada Avondale Acres, Alberta Avondale Estates, Alberta Avondale, New Brunswick Avondale Road, New Brunswick Avondale, Hants County, Nova Scotia Avondale, Pictou County, Nova Scotia Avondale Station, Nova Scotia Avondale, Newfoundland and Labrador Avondale, Ontario Avondale, Prince Edward Island United States of America... Victoria Park, with the grounds closed (2007) for remedial work. ... Sylvia Park is a large commercial property development and shopping mall in the Auckland, New Zealand suburb of Mount Wellington. ... Botany Shopping Centre is the largest outdoor shopping complex in the Southern hemisphere. ... Westfield Albany is a new shopping centre of the Westfield Group, currently (2007) under construction in Albany, New Zealand. ...


The Auckland Town Hall and Aotea Centre host conferences and cultural events such as theatre, kapa haka, and opera. Auckland also boasts a symphonic ensemble in the Auckland Philharmonia Orchestra. The Town Hall from nearby Aotea Square. ... A Kapa haka is a group gathered to practise and perform the songs and dances of the Māori people of New Zealand. ... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Auckland Philharmonia Orchestra was established in the mid 1980s, and although essentially a regional orchestra it has become one of New Zealands major performing organisations. ...


Many national treasures are displayed at the Auckland Art Gallery, such as the work of Colin McCahon. , while many other significant cultural artefacts reside at the Auckland War Memorial Museum, the National Maritime Museum, or the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT). Exotic creatures can be observed at the Auckland Zoo and Kelly Tarlton's Underwater World. Movies and rock concerts (notably, the "Big Day Out") are also well patronised. The Auckland Art Gallery is the principal public gallery in Auckland, New Zealand and has the most extensive collection of national and international art in New Zealand. ... Colin McCahons painting Victory over death 2 (1970) Colin John McCahon (1919 - 1987) was a prominent New Zealand artist. ... Auckland War Memorial Museum The Auckland War Memorial Museum is one of New Zealands most important national museums and war memorials. ... The museum on a rainy day. ... The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand. ... Giraffe at Auckland zoo Auckland Zoological Park is the main zoo of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Kelly Tarltons Underwater World was the brainchild of renowned New Zealand marine archeologist Kelly Tarlton. ... The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ...

Auckland CBD from the top of the Mt Eden volcanic cone.
Auckland CBD from the top of the Mt Eden volcanic cone.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1879x791, 252 KB) I created this image and I release this image into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1879x791, 252 KB) I created this image and I release this image into the public domain. ... Mount Eden is a inner suburb of Auckland, New Zealand, surrounded by Three Kings, Balmoral, Newmarket, and Epsom. ...

Parks and nature

Auckland Domain is one of the largest parks within the city, situated close to the CBD and having a good view of the Gulf and of Rangitoto island. Smaller parks also close to the city centre are Albert Park, Myers Park, Western Park and Victoria Park. The Auckland Domain is Aucklands oldest park, and one of the largest in the city, in the central suburb of Grafton The park is home to the Auckland War Memorial Museum, which sits prominently on the hill. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ... Rangitoto Island is a volcanic island in the Hauraki Gulf near Auckland, New Zealand. ... The University Clock Tower from Albert Park. ... Myers Free Kindergarten building in Myers Park. ... The lower part of Western Park. ... Victoria Park, with the grounds closed (2007) for remedial work. ...


While most volcanic cones in the Auckland Volcanic Field have been affected by quarrying, many of the remaining cones are now ensconced within parks, and retain a somewhat more natural character than the surrounding city. Prehistoric earthworks and historic fortifications feature in several of these parks, including Mount Eden, North Head and One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie). A 1859 German map of the field. ... Mount Eden (Maungawhau - Mountain of the Whau tree in Māori) is the name of a volcano and surrounding suburb in Auckland, New Zealand, situated five kilometres south of the city centre. ... North Head as seen from the south from Tamaki Drive. ... Location of One Tree Hill in the Auckland area. ...


Other parks around the city are in Western Springs, which has a large park bordering on the MOTAT museum and the Auckland Zoo. The Auckland Botanic Gardens are located further south in Manurewa. Western Springs is a residential suburb and park in the west of the city of Auckland in the north of New Zealand. ... The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand. ... Giraffe at Auckland zoo Auckland Zoological Park is the main zoo of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Manurewa is the southernmost major suburb of Manukau, one of the four cities that make up the conurbation of Auckland in the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Ferries provide transport to parks and nature reserves at Devonport, Waiheke Island and Rangitoto Island. The Waitakere Ranges Regional Park to the west of Auckland offers beautiful and relatively unspoiled bush territory, as do the Hunua Ranges to the south. Devonport as viewed from Mt Victoria. ... An image of Waiheke Island using satellite data. ... Location of Rangitoto island (marked in red). ... The Waitakere Ranges are a chain of hills generally running approximately 25 km from north to south generally 25 km west of central Auckland, New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Bush. ... The Hunua Ranges are an area of hilly country to the southeast of Auckland in New Zealands North Island. ...


Sport

Locations

The most popular sports in Auckland and New Zealand in general are cricket and rugby. Auckland has a considerable number of rugby and cricket grounds, and venues for motorsports, tennis, badminton, netball, swimming, soccer, rugby league, and many other sports. This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...

Waitemata Harbour has popular swimming beaches at Mission Bay, Devonport, Takapuna, Long Bay and Maraetai, and the west coast has popular surf spots such as Piha and Muriwai. Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, which are part of Surf Life Saving Northern Region. The ASB Tennis center is Auckland Citys premier Tennis facility. ... The Heineken Open, played in Auckland, New Zealand, is a tennis tournament on the ATP Tour. ... The ASB Classic is a tennis tournament held in Auckland, the capital of New Zealand. ... Eden Park is the main sports ground in Auckland, New Zealand for both rugby union during winter, and cricket in summer. ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The New Zealand cricket team, also known as the Black Caps, played their first Test in 1930 vs England in Christchurch, New Zealand, becoming the fifth Test nation. ... This article is about the sport. ... Mt Smart Stadium, formerly Ericsson Stadium, is a stadium in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... Soccer redirects here. ... North Harbour Stadium is a stadium situated in Albany on Aucklands North Shore in New Zealand. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Vector Arena is a 12,200-seat arena for sports and cultural events in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Quarter midget race at Western Springs Stadium at sunset Western Springs Stadium is an entertainment venue in Auckland, New Zealand, that consists of a natural amphitheatre. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... Depending on context, pop music is either an abbreviation of popular music or, more recently, a term for a sub-genre of it. ... For the album by The Cure, see Concert (album). ... Trusts Stadium is an indoor arena located in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The 2007 Netball World Championships is the twelfth Netball World Championship, a quadrennial international netball world championship co-ordinated by the International Federation of Netball Associations (IFNA), inaugurated in 1963. ... Mission Bay is a suburb of Auckland city, in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Devonport as viewed from Mt Victoria. ... Takapuna or Takapuna Beach as the local business association would like it to be known as, is located in the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... Looking north over South Piha beach to Lion Rock. ... Muriwai Beach Muriwai Energy The dangerous seas at the flat rock Muriwai Extreme Fishing Muriwai Extreme Fishing Muriwai Gannet Colony with Maori Bay behind Extreme Fishing Extreme Surfin Concretion - Marine fossil Blowhole Muriwai, also called Muriwai Beach, is a coastal community located on the west coast of North island, New... Surf Ski Carnival in Alexandra Heads. ... Surf Life Saving Northern Region (SLSNR) is the organisation responsible for controlling the surf lifesaving activities around the Auckland region of New Zealand. ...

Main teams

The Auckland rugby franchise The Blues, formerly known as the 'Auckland Blues' is one of the more successful of New Zealand's five Super 14 franchises. Many All Blacks have also come from Auckland. This article is about the New Zealand rugby team. ... The Blues, formerly the Auckland Blues, are a professional New Zealand rugby union team based in Auckland, New Zealand, and representing the Northland, North Harbour and Auckland unions. ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of provincial teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. ...

Main article: Auckland Aces

Cricket also has a strong following in Auckland. The Auckland cricket franchise, the Auckland Aces won the State Shield Trophy against the Otago Volts in February 2007. The Aces had narrowly lost against the Canterbury Wizards the previous year. The Auckland Aces are a New Zealand first class cricket team based in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The Auckland Aces are a New Zealand first class cricket team based in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The New Zealand limited-overs cricket trophy is currently known as the State Shield. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The Canterbury Wizards are a New Zealand first class cricket team based in Canterbury, New Zealand. ...

Main article: New Zealand Warriors

Previously known as the Auckland Warriors, the New Zealand Warriors represent New Zealand in Australia's National Rugby League competition. They play their home games at Mt Smart Stadium in Auckland. Their most successful year came in 2002 when they finished Minor Premiers and qualified for the Grand Final. If the National Rugby League expands to include a Wellington side it is expected that the Warriors will revert back to being the Auckland Warriors or simply the Warriors. The New Zealand Warriors (formerly the Auckland Warriors) are a professional rugby league team based in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the top league of professional rugby league football clubs in Australasia. ... Wellington Rugby League The Wellington Orcas are a franchise in the Bartercard Cup rugby league competition in New Zealand. ...

Major events

Popular annual sporting events include:

  • The 'Harbour Crossing' swim from Devonport to the Viaduct Basin, Auckland CBD, is a yearly summer event, covering 2.8 km (often with some considerable counter-currents) and attended by over a thousand mostly amateur competitors. It is New Zealand's largest ocean swim.[34]
  • The 'Round the Bays' fun-run, starting in the city and going 8.4 kilometres (5.2 miles) along the waterfront to the suburb of St Heliers. It attracts many tens of thousands of people and has been an annual March event since 1972.
  • The Auckland Marathon (and half-marathon), an annual competition for thousands of enthusiasts.

Devonport as viewed from Mt Victoria. ... Viaduct Basin is a development of modest apartments and expensive eateries located at the site of a run-down marina on the waterfront in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Road running in a U.S. Air Force marathon Fun Runners taking part in the Bristol Half Marathon Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and cross country running). ... Saint Heliers is an Auckland suburb. ... This is a timeline of the History of New Zealand. ... The Auckland Marathon and Half Marathon is an annual marathon running race held in Auckland, New Zealand. ...

Economy

The Sky Tower is the tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere at 328 m.
The Sky Tower is the tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere at 328 m.

Most major international corporations have an Auckland office, as the city is seen as the economic capital of the nation. The most expensive office space is around lower Queen Street and the Viaduct Basin in the Auckland CBD, where many financial and business services are located, which make up a large percentage of the CBD economy.[35] A large proportion of the technical and trades workforce is based in the industrial zones of South Auckland. Download high resolution version (480x640, 53 KB)Auckland Sky Tower. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 53 KB)Auckland Sky Tower. ... Looking up at the Sky Tower / Sky Tower lit up at night. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... Queen Street in downtown Auckland Queen Street, Auckland, New Zealand, is the major commercial thoroughfare of the countrys main population centre. ... Viaduct Basin is a development of modest apartments and expensive eateries located at the site of a run-down marina on the waterfront in Auckland, New Zealand. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ... South Auckland is a common name for a part of Auckland, New Zealand. ...


The largest commercial and industrial areas of Greater Auckland are in the southeast of Auckland City as well as in the western parts of Manukau City, mostly in the areas bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary. Location of Manukau Harbour. ... The Tamaki River, despite its name, is actually an estuarial arm of the Hauraki Gulf, close to the city of Auckland in New Zealand. ...


Auckland's status as the largest commercial centre of the county reflects in the high median personal income (per working person, per year) which was NZ$44,304 (approx. US$33,000) for the region in 2005, with jobs in the Auckland CBD often earning more.[36] The median personal income (for all persons older than 15 years of age, per year) was NZ$22,300 (2001),[37] behind only North Shore City (also part of the Greater Auckland area) and Wellington. While office workers still account for a large part of Auckland's commuters, large office developments in other parts of the city, for example in Takapuna or Albany, both North Shore City, are slowly becoming more common, reducing concentration on the Auckland CBD somewhat. North Shore City (orange). ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Takapuna or Takapuna Beach as the local business association would like it to be known as, is located in the northern North Island of New Zealand. ... Albany is a northern suburb of North Shore, one of several cities in the Auckland metropolitan area in northern New Zealand. ... North Shore City (orange). ...


Education

Auckland has a number of important educational institutions, including some of the largest universities in the country. Auckland is also known to be a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities - although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003.[38] As of 2007, there are around 50 NZQA certified schools and institutes teaching English in the Auckland area.[39] The New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) is the New Zealand government department tasked with providing national and international leadership in assessment and qualifications. ...


Auckland has a multitude of primary and secondary schools, with the Auckland (Boys') Grammar School, Mount Albert Grammar School, Auckland Girls' Grammar School and the Epsom Girls' Grammar School being amongst the most famous. The city also has several private schools such as the exclusive King's College, Auckland International College and Diocesan School for Girls. Auckland contains New Zealand's three largest (by full-time student numbers) high schools: Rangitoto College, Avondale College and Manurewa High School respectively. The school is built in Spanish Mission style architecture. ... Mount Albert Grammar School is a secondary school in Mount Albert, Auckland, New Zealand. ... Auckland Girls Grammar School is a prestigious New Zealand secondary school for girls located in Newton, in the Auckland central business district. ... Epsom Girls Grammar School is a large girls school located in Epsom, a suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Kings College is an independent secondary school in New Zealand. ... Auckland International College (often abbreviated AIC) is a private coeducational secondary school in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Rangitoto College (Rangi) is the largest secondary school in New Zealand with over 3,000 students as of 2004. ... Avondale College is a secondary education provider in Avondale, Auckland, New Zealand. ... Manurewa High School is one of the larger Secondary Schools in New Zealand, with an enrolment reaching 2,200 students. ...


Amongst the most important tertiary educational institutes are the University of Auckland (city and Tamaki Campus), Auckland University of Technology (city campus), Massey University (Albany campus) and the Manukau Institute of Technology (Otara campus), with Unitec New Zealand (Mt Albert campus) being the largest technical institute in Auckland. The University of Auckland (Māori: Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau) is New Zealands largest research-based university. ... The Auckland University of Technology (AUT University) is the newest university in New Zealand (NZ), formed on 1 January 2000 when the Auckland Institute of Technology was granted university status. ... Massey University (Māori: ) is New Zealands largest university with approximately 40,000 students. ... Manukau Institute of Technology is a large Institute of Technology in Manukau City, New Zealand. ... Unitec New Zealand is a major polytechnic tertiary education institute situated in Auckland, New Zealand. ...


Housing

Housing varies considerably between some suburbs having state owned housing in the lower income neighbourhoods, to palatial waterfront estates, especially on the Waitemata. Traditionally, the most common residence of Aucklanders was a bungalow on a 'quarter acre' (1,000 m²),[10] however subdividing such properties with 'infill housing', has long been the norm. Aucklanders' housing preferences have resulted in a large urban sprawl and reliance on motor vehicles. This will likely continue, as the vast majority of Aucklanders live in low-density housing, which is expected to remain at up to 70% of the total share even in 2050.[10] In Australian and New Zealand English, a Quarter Acre is a term for a suburban plot of land. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ...


In some areas, the Victorian villas are being increasingly torn down to make way for large plaster mansions with tennis courts and swimming pools. The rampant demolition of the older properties is being combated by the Auckland City Council passing laws that cover heritage suburbs or streets. Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses.[40] A villa was originally a Roman country house built for the upper class. ...


Transport

Ferry travel is a popular type of public transport for some Auckland destinations.
Ferry travel is a popular type of public transport for some Auckland destinations.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 240 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 240 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Downtown Auckland (Queen Street) traffic at night. ... Public transport in Auckland, the largest city of New Zealand, is split between three modes - bus, (coastal) ferry and narrow-gauge heavy rail. ...

Travel modes

Road and rail

Auckland is highly dependent on private vehicles as the main form of transportation, with only around 5% of all journeys in the Auckland region being undertaken by bus.[41] This results in substantial traffic congestion during peak times. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Bus services in Auckland are mostly radial rather than ring-routes, due to Auckland being on an isthmus. Late-night services (i.e. past midnight) are limited, even on weekends. Train services are mainly limited to some commuter services routes to the west and southeast of Auckland, with longer-distance options scarce. Currently (2007) approximately NZ$ 5.3 billion worth of large-scale projects are underway or planned (and budgeted for) in the Auckland area to improve rail and public transport patronage over the next decade, a share of 31% of the whole transport budget.[8][42] For the American political term, see Inside the Beltway and Beltway bandits. ... For other uses, see Isthmus (disambiguation). ...

Other modes

Auckland's ports are the largest of the country, and a large part of both inbound and outbound New Zealand commerce travels through them, mostly via the facilities located to the northeast of the Auckland City CBD. Freight usually arrives / is distributed from the port via road, though the port facilities also have rail access. Auckland is also a major cruise ship stopover point, with the ships usually tying up at Princes Wharf. Auckland CBD is also connected to various outlying coastal suburbs, to North Shore City and to outlying islands by ferry. Containers and container cranes on Fergusson Wharf, showing the busy nature of the port. ... Princes Wharf as seen from Quay Street. ... North Shore City (orange). ...


Auckland has various small regional airports as well as Auckland International Airport, the busiest of the country. Location of the airport relative to Auckland urban area Typical scene at the international terminal at Auckland International Airport Auckland International Airport (IATA: AKL, ICAO: NZAA) is the largest and busiest international airport in New Zealand with over 12 million (some 7 million international and 6 million domestic) passengers a...

Policies

Research at Griffith University has indicated that in the last 50 years, Auckland has engaged in some of the most pro-automobile transport policies anywhere in the world.[43] With public transport declining heavily in usage and provision during the second half of the 20th century (a trend mirrored in most Western countries such as the US),[44] and increased spending on roads and cars, New Zealand (and specifically Auckland) now has the second-highest vehicle ownership rate in the world, with around 578 vehicles per 1000 people.[45] Griffith University is an Australian public university with five campuses in Queensland between Brisbane and the Gold Coast. ...

The harbour bridge from North Shore City.
The harbour bridge from North Shore City.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... North Shore City (orange). ...

Infrastructure

The State Highway network connects the cities located in the Auckland urban area, the most frequently travelled being the Northern, Southern, Northwestern and Southwestern Motorways. The New Zealand State Highway Shield. ...


The Auckland Harbour Bridge (Northern Motorway) is the main connection to North Shore City, and also a major road bottleneck. The Central Motorway Junction, also called 'Spaghetti Junction' for its complexity, forms the intersection between the two major motorways of Auckland (State Highway 1 and State Highway 16) as well as connecting them to the surrounding parts of the city. The bridge from Watchman Island, west of it. ... North Shore City (orange). ... Aucklands Spaghetti Junction The Central Motorway Junction, best known as Spaghetti Junction, is the intersection of New Zealand State Highways 1 and 16 south of the city centre of Auckland, New Zealand. ...


Two of the longest arterial roads within Greater Auckland are Great North Road and Great South Road - the main connections in those directions before the construction of the State Highway network. Great North Road is a major thoroughfare in Auckland. ... The Great South Road was the earliest highway between Auckland and Wellington, in the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Auckland has three main railway lines, serving the general western, southern, and central eastern directions from the Britomart Transport Centre. Located in downtown Auckland, it is the terminal station for all lines, and connects them to ferry and bus services. Britomart Transport Centre is the Auckland, New Zealand, CBD transport hub, combining a bus interchange, railway station, and Edwardian former post office building in an expansive post-modernist architectural melange, with the main ferry terminal just across Quay Street. ...


Famous sites

The Auckland War Memorial Museum.
The Auckland War Memorial Museum.

The following is a list of tourist attractions and landmarks in the Auckland metropolitan area: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (3246 × 2190 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (3246 × 2190 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Attractions and Buildings
Landmarks and Nature
  • Auckland Domain - one of the largest parks of the city, close to the CBD and having a good view of the harbour and of Rangitoto Island.
  • Mount Eden - a volcanic cone with a grassy crater. As the highest natural point in Auckland City, it offers 360-degree views of Auckland and is thus a favorite tourist outlook.
  • Mount Victoria - a volcanic cone in North Shore City offering a spectacular view of Auckland. A brisk walk from the Devonport ferry terminal, the cone is steeped in history, as is nearby North Head.
  • One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) - a volcanic cone that dominates the skyline in the southern, inner suburbs. It no longer has a tree on the summit (after a politically motivated attack on the old tree) but is still crowned by an obelisk.
  • Rangitoto Island - guards the entrance to Waitemata Harbour, and forms a prominent feature on the eastern horizon.
360-degree view from Sky Tower, showing many landmarks in the CBD.
360-degree view from Sky Tower, showing many landmarks in the CBD.

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An atmospheric theatre is a historical type of movie palace (cinema) that used design and architectural elements to to convey an impression of being seated in a fantastic foreign setting, which might be anything from a palace or village square to a garden or outdoor auditorium at night, including the... The bridge from Watchman Island, west of it. ... North Shore City (orange). ... The Town Hall from nearby Aotea Square. ... Auckland War Memorial Museum The Auckland War Memorial Museum is one of New Zealands most important national museums and war memorials. ... The Auckland Domain is Aucklands oldest park, and one of the largest in the city, in the central suburb of Grafton The park is home to the Auckland War Memorial Museum, which sits prominently on the hill. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... Aotea Square is a large paved area regarded as the centre of the city of Auckland, New Zealand. ... Britomart Transport Centre is the Auckland, New Zealand, CBD transport hub, combining a bus interchange, railway station, and Edwardian former post office building in an expansive post-modernist architectural melange, with the main ferry terminal just across Quay Street. ... The Edwardian period or Edwardian era in the United Kingdom is the period 1901 to 1910, the reign of King Edward VII. It is sometimes extended to include the period to the start of World War I in 1914 or even the end of the war in 1918. ... Eden Park is the main sports ground in Auckland, New Zealand for both rugby union during winter, and cricket in summer. ... The new Wembley Stadium in London is the most expensive stadium ever built; it has a seating capacity of 90,000 This article is about the building type. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 All Black redirects here. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The New Zealand cricket team, also known as the Black Caps, played their first Test in 1930 vs England in Christchurch, New Zealand, becoming the fifth Test nation. ... This article is about the sport. ... Located close to the central business district of the city of Auckland, New Zealand - Karangahape Road (also known as K Road) is one of Aucklands most colourful places. ... Kelly Tarltons Underwater World was the brainchild of renowned New Zealand marine archeologist Kelly Tarlton. ... “Aquaria” redirects here. ... Mission Bay is a suburb of Auckland city, in the North Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Shark (disambiguation). ... The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand. ... Western Springs is a residential suburb and park in the west of the city of Auckland in the north of New Zealand. ... Mt Smart Stadium, formerly Ericsson Stadium, is a stadium in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Ponsonby is an inner suburban area of the city of Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Queen Street in downtown Auckland Queen Street, Auckland, New Zealand, is the major commercial thoroughfare of the countrys main population centre. ... Looking up at the Sky Tower / Sky Tower lit up at night. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... The Vector Arena is a 12,200-seat arena for sports and cultural events in Auckland, New Zealand. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Viaduct Basin is a development of modest apartments and expensive eateries located at the site of a run-down marina on the waterfront in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Quarter midget race at Western Springs Stadium at sunset Western Springs Stadium is an entertainment venue in Auckland, New Zealand, that consists of a natural amphitheatre. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... Depending on context, pop music is either an abbreviation of popular music or, more recently, a term for a sub-genre of it. ... For the album by The Cure, see Concert (album). ... The Auckland Domain is Aucklands oldest park, and one of the largest in the city, in the central suburb of Grafton The park is home to the Auckland War Memorial Museum, which sits prominently on the hill. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ... Rangitoto Island is a volcanic island in the Hauraki Gulf near Auckland, New Zealand. ... Mount Eden (Maungawhau - Mountain of the Whau tree in Māori) is the name of a volcano and surrounding suburb in Auckland, New Zealand, situated five kilometres south of the city centre. ... Puu Ōō, a cinder-and-spatter cone on Kīlauea, Hawaii Volcanic cones are among the simplest volcano formations in the world. ... Craters on Mount Cameroon Perhaps the most conspicuous part of a volcano is the crater, a basin of a roughly circular form within which occurs a vent (or vents) from which magma erupts as gases, lava, and ejecta. ... Mount Victoria is the highest volcano in Devonport, a seaside suburb of North Shore, New Zealand. ... North Shore City (orange). ... North Head as seen from the south from Tamaki Drive. ... Location of One Tree Hill in the Auckland area. ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ... Location of Rangitoto island (marked in red). ... Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the harbour. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4996x1300, 1884 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auckland Sky Tower Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/View from Sky Tower Akl User:Antilived... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4996x1300, 1884 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Auckland Sky Tower Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/View from Sky Tower Akl User:Antilived... Looking up at the Sky Tower / Sky Tower lit up at night. ... The Auckland CBD seen from the Waitemata Harbour. ...

See also

This article is about the City of Auckland. ... Auckland Region is a local government region in New Zealand. ... Auckland is one of the 15 regions of New Zealand, named after Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Jafa is a slang term (usually offensive) for a resident of Auckland, New Zealand. ... There are many suburbs in the Auckland metropolitan area. ... The 1998 Auckland power crisis was an event that occurred in the Auckland, New Zealand Central Business District. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Auckland. ... South Auckland is a common name for a part of Auckland, New Zealand. ...

References

  1. ^ GEOnet Names Server (GNS). Retrieved on August, 2006.
  2. ^ Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2007 (provisional), Statistics New Zealand. ISSN 1178-0673.
  3. ^ Auckland and around (from the Rough Guide website)
  4. ^ Ferdinand von Hochstetter (1867). New Zealand, 243. 
  5. ^ Sarah Bulmer. City without a state? Urbanisation in pre-European Taamaki-makau-rau (Auckland, New Zealand). Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
  6. ^ Ngāti Whātua - European contact. Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
  7. ^ Michael King (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand, 135. ISBN 0143018671. 
  8. ^ a b References provided in Transport in Auckland and Public transport in Auckland
  9. ^ Can We Stop growth? (from the ARC website)
  10. ^ a b c Executive Summary (PDF) (from the Auckland Regional Growth Strategy document, ARC, November 1999. Retrieved 2007-10-14.)
  11. ^ From Urban Sprawl to Compact City: an analysis of Auckland's Urban Growth Management Strategies - Arbury, Joshua - MA Thesis, University of Auckland
  12. ^ Green belt under siege - The New Zealand Herald, Saturday 28 April 2007
  13. ^ Growth Strategy: Glossary and References (PDF) (from the Auckland City Council)
  14. ^ Lessons from the history of local body amalgamation - The New Zealand Herald, Wednesday 06 September 2006
  15. ^ Auckland governance inquiry welcomed - NZPA, via 'stuff.co.nz', Tuesday 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-29.
  16. ^ Royal commission of inquiry for Auckland welcomed - NZPA, via 'infonews.co.nz', Tuesday 31 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-29
  17. ^ a b c Climate Summary for 1971-2000. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research.
  18. ^ Hot weather changes; AAP information services newsfeed.
  19. ^ Snowstorms (PDF). Retrieved on August, 2006.
  20. ^ Auckland, the Capital of New Zealand - Swainson, William, Smith Elder, 1853
  21. ^ How Polluted is Auckland's Air (from the Auckland Regional Council website)
  22. ^ Climate Data and Activities. NIWA Science.
  23. ^ New Zealand - A Regional Profile - Auckland (PDF) 19-20. Statistics New Zealand (1999). Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
  24. ^ Residence in New Zealand (PDF) (Page 08, from the Immigration New Zealand website. Accessed 2008-01-18.)
  25. ^ 2001 Regional Summary (from the Statistics New Zealand website)
  26. ^ a b 2006 Regional Summary Tables by Regional Council (from the Statistics New Zealand website)
  27. ^ Central Transit Corridor Project (Auckland City website, includes mention of effects of transport on public satisfaction)
  28. ^ Crime and safety profile - 2003. Auckland City Council. Retrieved on 2007-06-08.
  29. ^ Quality of life survey (Mercer Management Consulting)
  30. ^ City Mayors: World's richest cities (UBS via www.citymajors.com website, August 2006)
  31. ^ Punters love City of Sails - The New Zealand Herald, Saturday 14 October 2006
  32. ^ a b Passion for boating runs deep in Auckland - The New Zealand Herald, Thursday January 26, 2006
  33. ^ [Sailing Club] directory (from the yachtingnz.org website)
  34. ^ Harbour Crossing (from the Auckland City Council website. Retrieved 2007-10-24.)
  35. ^ Auckland's CBD at a glance (CBD website of the Auckland City Council)
  36. ^ Auckland Regional Profile (from labourmarket.co.nz, composed from various sources)
  37. ^ Comparison of New Zealand's cities (from ENZ emigration consulting)
  38. ^ Survey of English Language Providers - Year ended March 2006 (from Statistics New Zealand. Auckland is assumed to follow national pattern)
  39. ^ English Language Schools in New Zealand - Auckland (list linked from the Immigration New Zealand website)
  40. ^ Section 7.6.1.2 - Strategy (PDF) (from the Auckland City Council District Plan - Isthmus Section)
  41. ^ Mode of Transport, Figure for New Zealand Regions (from the Travel Survey Highlights 1997-98, New Zealand Ministry of Transport)
  42. ^ Auckland Transport Plan landmark for transport sector (from the ARTA website, 11 August 2007)
  43. ^ Backtracking Auckland: Bureaucratic rationality and public preferences in transport planning - Mees, Paul; Dodson, Jago; Urban Research Program Issues Paper 5, Griffith University, April 2006
  44. ^ US Urban Personal Vehicle & Public Transport Market Share from 1900 (from publicpurpose.com, a website of the Wendell Cox Consultancy)
  45. ^ Sustainable Transport North Shore City Council website
  • Gordon McLauchlan (1992). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of New Zealand. David Bateman Ltd, Glenfield, NZ. ISBN 1-86953-007-1. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Rough Guides Ltd is a large travel guidebook and reference publisher, owned by Pearson PLC. Their travel titles cover more than 200 destinations, and are distributed worldwide through the Penguin Group. ... Ferdinand Christian Ritter von Hochstetter (April 30, 1829 – July 18, 1884), was an Austrian geologist. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Te Ara Encylopedia of New Zealand, is an online encylopedia created by the Ministry of Culture and Heritage of the New Zealand Government. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr Michael King OBE (15 December 1945 - 30 March 2004) was a widely respected Pakeha New Zealand historian, author and biographer. ... Downtown Auckland (Queen Street) traffic at night. ... Public transport in Auckland, the largest city of New Zealand, is split between three modes - bus, (coastal) ferry and narrow-gauge heavy rail. ... Auckland is one of the 15 regions of New Zealand, named after Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Auckland is one of the 15 regions of New Zealand, named after Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... For the officer of arms, see New Zealand Herald Extraordinary. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... For the officer of arms, see New Zealand Herald Extraordinary. ... Redirect page ... Redirect page ... The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, commonly abbreviated to NIWA, and known in the Māori language as Taihoro Nukurangi, is a Crown Research Institute of New Zealand. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... William Swainson (1809-1884) was born in Lancaster, England in 1809 and educated in Lancaster Grammar School. ... Auckland is one of the 15 regions of New Zealand, named after Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Immigration New Zealand or INZ is a part of the Workforce group of the New Zealand Department of Labour. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Mercer Management Consulting is a management consulting firm headquartered in New York City. ... UBS AG (NYSE: UBS; SWX: UBSN; TYO: 8657) is a diversified global financial services company, with its main headquarters in Basel & Zürich, Switzerland. ... For the officer of arms, see New Zealand Herald Extraordinary. ... For the officer of arms, see New Zealand Herald Extraordinary. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ... Immigration New Zealand or INZ is a part of the Workforce group of the New Zealand Department of Labour. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... Arta may refer to: Djibouti Arta District Arta, Djibouti Greece Arta Prefecture Arta, Greece Italy Piano dArta Ancient People Arta Kamuia or Arta Kamuio This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Griffith University is an Australian public university with five campuses in Queensland between Brisbane and the Gold Coast. ... Wendell Cox is an international public policy consultant. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Auckland
  • Auckland - Visitor-oriented official website
  • Auckland.Wiki - Wiki about Auckland not affiliated with Wikipedia
  • Maps and aerial photos
    • Auckland Street Map (from Wises.co.nz)
    • Auckland Street Map (from Zoomin.co.nz)
    • Maps & Aerial Photos (from the ARC map website - go to 'General Regional Information' (opens interactive map with aerial layer)


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