FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Attu Island
Attu Island
Attu Island
Location of Attu Station, Alaska

Attu is the westernmost and largest island in the Near Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, making it the westernmost point of land relative to Alaska and the United States. Attu Station, the only inhabited area on the island, is actually located at 52°51' north latitude, 173°11' east longitude, technically making it the westernmost point of Alaska (and the United States) in the eastern hemisphere. Image File history File linksMetadata Attu_sat. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Attu_sat. ... Adapted from Wikipedias AK borough maps by Seth Ilys. ... This is a list of the extreme points of the United States, the points that are farther north, south, east, or west than any other location in the country. ... The Near Islands are the smallest and westernmost group of the Aleutian Islands in southwestern Alaska, at about 52°51′ N 173°11′ E. The largest of the Near Islands are, from west to east, Attu, Agattu, and Buldyr. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Attu Station is a census-designated place and town located on Attu Island in the Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska. ...


It is nearly 1,700 km (1,100 miles) from the Alaskan mainland and 1200 km (750 miles) northeast of the northernmost of the Kurile Islands of Japan. Attu is about 32 km (20 miles) by 56 km (35 miles) in size. The Kuril Islands The Kuril Islands (Russian: Кури́льские острова́), also known as Kurile Islands, stretch northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the North Pacific Ocean. ...

Contents


History

The name Attu is a transliteration of the Aleut name of the island. It was called Saint Theodore by the explorer Aleksei Chirikov in 1742. The Aleuts (self-denomination: Unangax, Unangan or Unanga) are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska, U.S.A. and Chukotka, Russia. ... Aleksei Ilyich Chirikov (Алексей Ильич Чириков in Russian) (1703 – November, 1748) was a Russian navigator and Captain. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ...


Aleuts lived on Attu before World War II. But, on June 7, 1942, well into the war, the Japanese invaded the island, a day after invading nearby Kiska. The Japanese relocated the forty-two inhabitants of Attu to a prison camp near Otaru on the island of Hokkaido; there, sixteen died. Combatants Allies: Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Kiska is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska located at 52. ... Otaru (小樽市; -shi) is a city and port located in Shiribeshi, Hokkaido, Japan. ... For the dog breed, see Hokkaido (dog). ...


This was not part of a greater offensive against the Aleutian Islands and Alaska, as some had believed. Intercepts of Japanese signals had forewarned the US authorities that the Japanese action was intended as a diversion from the main Japanese attack at Midway. During the winter of 1942, the Japanese reinforced and fortified Attu and Kiska. However, after the Battle of the Komandorski Islands, Japan abandoned its attempts to resupply its Aleutian garrisons by the surface. From then on, only submarines were used for the resupply runs. Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... In World War II, Magic was the United States codename for intelligence derived from the cryptanalysis of PURPLE, a Japanese foreign office cipher. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Chester Nimitz, Frank J. Fletcher, Raymond A. Spruance Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, Tamon Yamaguchi† Strength Three carriers, ~50 support ships, 233 carrier aircraft, 127 land-based aircraft Four carriers, ~150 support ships, 248 carrier aircraft, 16 floatplanes Casualties 1 carrier and 1 destroyer... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Charles McMorris Boshiro Hosogaya Strength 2 cruisers, 4 destroyers 4 cruisers, 4 destroyers Casualties 1 cruiser damaged, 1 destroyer damaged 1 cruiser damaged The Battle of the Komandorski Islands was one of the most unusual engagements of World War II. It took place on 26... German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Gunter Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ...


On May 11, 1943, the operation to recapture Attu began. A shortage of landing craft, unsuitable beaches, and equipment that failed to operate in the appalling weather caused great difficulties in projecting any force against the Japanese. Many soldiers suffered from frostbite because essential supplies could not be landed, or having been landed, could not be moved to where they were needed, because vehicles would not work on the tundra. The Japanese defenders under Colonel Yamasaki did not contest the landings but rather dug in on high ground away from the shore. This battle produced some of the bloodiest fighting in the Pacific theatre, similar to the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. There were 3,929 U.S. casualties: 549 were killed, 1148 were injured, 1200 had severe cold injuries, 614 succumbed to disease, and 318 died of miscellaneous causes, largely Japanese booby traps and friendly fire. May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Colonel Yasuyo Yamasaki commanded the Japanese forces on Attu during the Battle of the Aleutian Islands. ... US landings in the Pacific, 1942–1945 The Pacific War was the part of World War II that occurred in the Pacific Ocean, its islands, and in East Asia, 1937 to 1945. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi† Strength 100,000 soldiers 20,700 soldiers Casualties 6,821 dead 20,000 wounded 20,500 dead 200 captured The Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment) was fought between the United States and Imperial Japan during February and March... Combatants United States United Kingdom (naval involvement only) Empire of Japan Commanders Simon Bolivar Buckner† Joseph Stilwell Mitsuru Ushijima† Strength 548,000 marines 107,000 regulars 24,000 militia Casualties 12,500 killed or missing 38,000 wounded 33,096 non-combat wounded 38 ships lost 763 aircraft lost 110...


On May 29, the last of the Japanese forces suddenly attacked near Massacre Bay in one of the largest banzai charges of the pacific campaign. The charge, led by Colonel Yamasaki, penetrated U.S. lines far enough to encounter shocked rear-echelon units of the American force. After furious, brutal, close-quarter, and often hand-to-hand, combat the Japanese force was killed almost to the last man: only 28 prisoners were taken, none of them an officer. U.S. burial teams counted 2,351 Japanese dead, but it was presumed that hundreds more had been buried by bombardments over the course of the battle. The Japanese forces, after realizing their position was now vulnerable, evacuated Kiska three months later. Apparently, Attu and Kiska were of little or no use as a base for attacking the Japanese elsewhere.

Map of the Near Islands, of which Attu is the largest.
Map of the Near Islands, of which Attu is the largest.

After the war, the survivors of the Otaru prison camp were repatriated to other Aleutian islands or to the mainland of Alaska, and the United States government decided to construct a LORAN station on the southern tip of Attu, at Theodore Point. This installation is currently manned by the United States Coast Guard. The equipment to build the station came out of Holtz Bay and was ferried on barges and landing craft to Baxter Cove, about one mile east of the station. Bulldozers were used to cut a road from Baxter Cove to Theodore Point. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (799x606, 45 KB)This is a map of Alaskas Near Islands, altered significantly from a screenshot from Microsofts mappoint maps. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (799x606, 45 KB)This is a map of Alaskas Near Islands, altered significantly from a screenshot from Microsofts mappoint maps. ... LORAN (LOng RAnge Navigation) is a terrestrial navigation system using low frequency radio transmitters that use the time interval between radio signals received from three or more stations to determine the position of a ship or aircraft. ... Coast Guard Seal The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a military branch of the United States involved in maritime law, mariner assistance and search and rescue, among other duties of any coast guard. ...


In 1960, the station was moved to Casco Cove, near the former Navy Base at Massacre Bay. Later it was moved to Massacre Bay. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


The 2006 documentary film Red White Black & Blue features two veterans of the Attu Island campaign, Bill Jones and Andy Petrus. It is directed by Tom Putnam, and debuted at the 2006 Independent Film Festival of Boston.


Weather

The weather on Attu is typical Aleutian weather: cloudy, rainy, and foggy. High winds occur occasionally. Five or six days a week are likely to be rainy, and there are only about eight or ten clear days a year. The rest of the time, even if rain is not falling, fog of varying density is the rule rather than the exception. There are 1000-1250 mm (forty to fifty inches) of annual rainfall, with the heaviest rains in autumn and early winter. Fall redirects here. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


See also

Combatants United States, Canada Japan Commanders Thomas C. Kinkaid (navy) Francis W. Rockwell (landings) Albert E. Brown (army) Boshiro Hosogaya Strength 144,000 (all personnel, May 1943) 8,500 Casualties 1,481 dead 2,500 wounded,sick, or frostbitten 2,351 dead The Battle of the Aleutian Islands was a... Kiska is an island in the Rat Islands group of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska located at 52. ...

External links

  • Attu Homepage
  • Red White Black & Blue - feature documentary about The Battle of Attu

  Results from FactBites:
 
Attu Homepage (756 words)
Attu, the westernmost Aleutian island, is nearly 1,100 miles from the Alaskan mainland and 750 miles northeast of the northernmost of the Japanese Kurile Islands.
Attu was occupied on June 6th, 1942 by the Japanese, and was the site of some of the bloodiest fighting during W.W.II (second only to Iwo Jima) commencing on "D-Day," 11 May 1943.
The average rainfall is around 40 to 50 inches throughout the islands, with the heaviest rains experienced during fall and early winter.
Attu Island Jeep Tops on The CJ3B Page (1092 words)
In June of 1942 the Japanese occupied Attu island, the furthest west of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.
It was a small island with only 45 Aleuts and an American school teacher and her husband living there, but it was of great strategic importance.
George Villasenor, a teenaged Naval Aerial Photographer, was assigned to Attu Island.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m