- This article is about Attica in Greece. For other Atticas, see Attica (disambiguation)
|Capital: ||Athens |
|Area: ||3,808 km |
|Inhabitants: ||3,756,607 (2001) |
|Pop. density: ||987 inh./km |
|Code for the municipalities ||01xx, Athens, |
03xx, eastern Attica Peninsula
40xx, Piraeus, Saronic, Troizina
Hydra, Spetses, Kythira
|Number of prefectural sects ||4 |
|Number of provinces ||2 |
|ISO 3166-2: ||GR-A1 (old: GR-02) |
|Area codes in Greece: ||11+30-210 |
|Postal code: ||1xx xx except Kythera |
801 00 in Kythera
|Car designation: ||YO, YT, YX, YY, YZ, ZA-ZZ |
Attica (in Greek: Αττική, Attik ) is a nomos (prefecture) in Greece, containing Athens, the capital of Greece.
Attica is located in what is today southern Greece, and covers about 3,800 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Peiraeus, Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,700,000 people live in the nomos, of which more than 95% are habitants of the Athens metropolitan area.
Athens was originally the capital of Central Greece.
Attica is a peninsula jutting into the Aegean Sea. Mountains divide the peninsula into the plains of Pedia, Mesogeia, and Thriasia. To the north it is bordered by the Boeotian plain and to the west it is bordered by Corinth. The Saronic Gulf lies to the south and the island of Euboea lies off the north coast.
The Cephisus River is the longest river, and Parnetha or Parnitha is the tallest mountain in Attica.
Its climate includes hot summers and cool to mild winters in low lying areas and its plains and most of the Saronic. Winter is very common in the mountains of Parintha and areas that lie 1,000 m above sea level as its lowesy
In the winters of 1999 and February 2004, recent snowstorms plundered the area especially blocking and closing much of its roads as snow accumulated to 2 m.
The process of how Attica was united by Athens is not entirely clear, but it concluded at some point in the first half of the 7th century BC when Eleusis and the surrounding plains were joined to the Athenian state, and its inhabitants became citizens. Even then, the boundaries were not fixed, as Athens struggled with Megara for control of Salamis, and with Boeotia over border towns like Oropus for centuries. See History of Athens.
Attica later became part of (successively) the Roman and Byzantine Empires, the crusader Duchy of Athens, and at last the Ottoman Empire.
On February 2 and 3, 2005, a snowstorm plundered the northern and the nrotheastern suburbs of Athens rangina from the western part of Parnitha from Avlona east to Grammatikos in the eastern end of the gulf. It accumulated about 20 to 30 cm of snow. Schools and business were closed and some roads were also closed.
The area is connected by roads and highways
- Greece Interstate 1 (superhighway)
- Greece Interstate 3 (old higway of Athens-Thessaloniki)
- Greece Interstate 8 (old highway linking Patras, the Peloponnese and Athens)
- Greece Interstate 8A (superhighway)
- Greece Interstate 54, Marathonos Avenue
- Greece Interstate 79
- Greece Interstate 81
- Greece Interstate 83
- Greece Interstate 85 (rare)
- Greece Interstate 89
- Greece Interstate 91
- Attiki Odos, number 6 (private owned superhighways), first opened in 2001 in the eastern part
- Hymettus Ring (number 64), opened in 2004, the southern section will open later.
- Aigaleo Ring (number 65), opened in 2004
- Ano Liosia Ring (opening soon)
- 902 TV
- High TV - Athens
- Magic Peiraia - Piraeus
- Province of Attica - Athens
- Province of Kythera
- Province of Megara (Megaris) - Megara
- Province of Salamis - Salamis, now part of Piraeus
The former provinces in italics are no longer exists
Prefectural sects of Attica (agglomeration)
- East Attica
- West Attica
Communities and Subdivisions