FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Atrocity

An atrocity (from the Latin atrox, "atrocious", from Latin ater ="matte black") is a term used to describe crimes or excesses ranging from an act committed against a single person to one committed against a population or ethnic group. Atrocities was Christian Deaths fourth album and the first with Valor taking over main duties after Rozz Williams departure. ... Atrocity is a German band. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Ater is an Old Testament mans name meaning shut or lame. ...


In general use, an atrocity or massacre designates a politically or ethnically motivated killing of civilians. In international law, more precise terms are war crime and crime against humanity. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... In international law, a crime against humanity consists of acts of persecution or any large scale atrocities against a body of people, as being the criminal offence above all others. ...


An atrocity can be a single specific event, or a series of events, or can refer to genocide. The defining characteristic of an atrocity is its brutal or systematic nature. It is an act of killing that is in violation of most traditional moral principles, although some societies do not condemn such behavior. Often, hostilities exceed the legitimate mandate of killing enemy combatants to include attacks upon unarmed people, upon combatants after their surrender, or upon otherwise non-combative peoples. Thus, nearly every culture has in its history acts of killing which are atrocities. A combatant is a person who takes a direct part in the hostilities of an armed conflict who upon capture qualifies for prisoner of war under the Third Geneva Convention (GCIII). ...


The historical record is clouded by a failure to determine if mutilated bodies represent torture before death, or mutilation of a dead body. In either case, the important effect is the propaganda value, and its effect on the morale of the enemy. An Australian anti-conscription propaganda poster from World War One U.S. propaganda poster, which warns against civilians sharing information on troop movements (National Archives) The much-imitated 1914 Lord Kitchener Wants You! poster Swedish Anti-Euro propaganda for the referendum of 2003. ... Morale is a term for the capacity of people to maintain belief in an institution or a goal. ...


Sometimes mass killing is imposed on civilian populations of no military significance, simply as a warning. For example, Dresden or Hiroshima. In other cases, they are targeted at military sub-groups, such as African-American summary execution in the field by the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Small-scale atrocities may represent anything from disrespect, regional propaganda or both. For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ...


In modern settings not involving ethnic conflict, atrocities on individual leaders are rare, partially because they tend backfire or simply escalate, as in the case of Breaker Morant. Harry Breaker Harbord Morant For the film of the same name, see Breaker Morant (film) Harry Breaker Harbord Morant (1864- 27 February 1902) was an Anglo-Australian drover, horseman, poet and soldier whose renowned skill with horses earned him the nickname The Breaker. ...

Contents

During World War II

Germany

Main Article: Holocaust

During World War II, the holocaust initiated by the German National Socialist party killed millions of people. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, Belorussians), Jews (after the end of World War II this genocide came to be known as the Holocaust), Poles, Jehovah's Witnesses, Roma, and homosexuals (and anybody considered a threat to the Nazi party) were rounded up and sent to labor camps and death camps or just killed in their homes. ... Tzigane redirects here; for the composition by Maurice Ravel, see Tzigane (Ravel). ... Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... A labor camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are engaged in forced labor. ... Majdanek - crematorium Extermination camp (German Vernichtungslager) was the term applied to a group of camps set up by Nazi Germany during World War II for the express purpose of killing the Jews of Europe, although members of some other groups whom the Nazis wished to exterminate, such as Roma (Gypsies...


Japan

Japanese soldiers rounded up and killed millions of civilians and prisoners of wars from surrounding nations (especially from Korea, China and the United States) during World War II.


Unit 731 was amongst one of the most notorious examples of wartime atrocities committed on a civilian population during World War II, where cruel and inhumane experiments were done to thousands of Chinese civilians and Allied prisoners of war. Body disposal at Unit 731 Unit 731 was a covert biological warfare research and development unit of the Imperial Japanese Army that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and World War II. It was responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes carried...


The Rape of Nanking is another example of atrocity committed by Japanese soldiers on a civilian population. Hundreds of thousands of men were slaughtered, while women of all ages were systematically raped and/or killed by Japanese soldiers. The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II is a 1997 book by Iris Chang (張純如) and William C. Kirby, which presents a history of the 1937-1938 Nanjing Massacre. ...


United States

The United States arguably has its own list of WWII atrocities. For example, the bombings of Dresden and Tokyo in the second world war, both operations which killed tens of thousands of civilians, were met with much criticism. Both cities were not defended and thousands of civilians were killed. In the case of Dresden, the bombing's intent was to further the goal of German defeat but was viewed as excessive. Many felt that not enough action was taken to prevent the loss of civilian life. In Tokyo's case the reasoning behind the bombing was the principle of Total War. The bombing, however, received similar criticism. The atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima have also been the topic of debate since the end of WWII. Although the intention behind the bombings was a quick end to the war, the military action was responsible for roughly 200,000 deaths. The bombing of Dresden, led by the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and involving the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) between February 13 and February 15, 1945, remains one of the more controversial Allied actions of World War II. Historian Frederick Taylor says: The destruction of Dresden has an... B-29 bombers were used to drop hundreds of thousands of tons of explosives onto Japanese cities during the war. ... Total war is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nations ability to engage in war. ... Nagasaki (Japanese: 長崎市, Nagasaki-shi  , long peninsula) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Atrocity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (492 words)
An atrocity (from the Latin atrox, "atrocious", from Latin ater = "matte fl" (as distinct from niger = "shiny fl")) is a term used to describe crimes ranging from an act committed against a single person to one committed against a population or ethnic group.
An atrocity can be a single specific event, or a series of events, or can refer to genocide.
In modern settings not involving ethnic conflict, atrocities on individual leaders are rare, partially because they tend backfire or simply escalate, as in the case of Breaker Morant.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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