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Encyclopedia > Atlanta Metropolitan Area
Atlanta Metropolitan Area
Map of the Metro Atlanta

Common name: Metro Atlanta
Largest city
Other cities
Atlanta
 - Sandy Springs
 - Roswell
 - Marietta
Population  Ranked 9th in the U.S.
 - Total 5,138,223 (2006 est.)[1]
 - Density 562/sq. mi. 
217/km²
Area 8,376 sq. mi.
21,694 km²
State(s)  Georgia
Elevation   
 - Highest point N/A feet (N/A m)
 - Lowest point N/A feet (N/A m)

The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia. According to the 2000 Census, the metropolitan area had a population of 4,247,981, though the 2006 Census estimate shows 5,138,223 people living in the area. According to the 2006 population estimates, the 28-county Atlanta metropolitan area is currently the fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States based on numerical gains. The city of Atlanta is only the 35th-largest city in the country, largely due to the area's patterns of urban sprawl and the city's inability to annex as have such cities as Charlotte, San Diego, and Phoenix. Atlanta's combined statistical area, or CSA, had a population in 2000 of 4,584,234. As of July 1, 2006 the population of the CSA is estimated to be 5,478,667. Image File history File links Atlanta-metroclean. ... Hotlanta redirects here. ... Note: This article title may be easily confused with Sandy Spring Sandy Springs (once known as Hammond) is a newly incorporated city (as of December 1st, 2005) located in Fulton County, Georgia, north of Atlanta and south of Roswell. ... Location in Fulton County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: , Country United States State Georgia County Fulton County, Georgia Incorporated February 16, 1854 Government  - Mayor Jere Wood (R) Area  - City 38. ... Historic Downtown Marietta Marietta is a city located in central Cobb County, Georgia GR6, and is its county seat. ... There are two official definitions of metropolitan area used today in the United States, metropolitan statistical areas, and combined statistical areas, the former restrictive, the latter more extensive. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Hotlanta redirects here. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Nickname: Location in Mecklenburg County in the state of North Carolina Coordinates: , Country United States State North Carolina Counties Mecklenburg County, North Carolina Government  - Mayor Pat McCrory, (R) Area  - City  280. ... Nickname: Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: , Country United States State California County San Diego Founded July 16, 1769 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Mayor Jerry Sanders  - City Attorney Michael Aguirre  - City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ...


According to the ranking of world cities undertaken by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group & Network and based on the level of presence of global corporate service organizations, Atlanta is considered a "Gamma World City."[citation needed] London New York City Paris Tokyo A global city (also known as a world city or world-class city) is a city with a somewhat subjective set of traits, some of which are listed below. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

Contents

Counties

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Location in the USA

2006 Population Estimates In (*) Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4200x3105, 1675 KB) Edited Image:U.S. Counties. ...

Barrow County is a county located in the Georgia. ... Bartow County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Butts County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Carroll County is a county located in the Georgia and was named for Charles Carroll of Maryland, at that time the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. ... Cherokee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Clayton County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Cobb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Coweta County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Image:County Georgia. ... DeKalb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Douglas County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Forsyth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Gwinnett County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Hall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Haralson County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Heard County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Henry County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Image:Jasbone crushin County Georgia. ... Lamar County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Meriwether County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Newton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Paulding County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Pickens County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Rockdale County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Spalding County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ... Walton County is a county located in the state of Georgia. ...

Anchor City

Hotlanta redirects here. ...

Major airport

  • Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL)

FAA diagram of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), locally known as Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield Airport, Hartsfield-Jackson, or simply Hartsfield, is located seven miles (11 km) south of the central business district of Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ...

Edge Cities

Edge City is an American term for a relatively new concentration of business, shopping and entertainment outside a traditional urban area, in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi-rural community. ... Note: This article title may be easily confused with Sandy Spring Sandy Springs (once known as Hammond) is a newly incorporated city (as of December 1st, 2005) located in Fulton County, Georgia, north of Atlanta and south of Roswell. ... Dunwoody is a census-designated place in northern DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Cumberlands Skyline Cumberland (also known as Cumberland-Galleria and Cobb-Galleria) is an edge city of Atlanta, Georgia with approximately 122,000 workers and 103,000 residents, and is a major hub for business, convention and retail in the region. ... Kennesaw is a city in Cobb County, Georgia, United States. ... Historic Downtown Marietta Marietta is a city located in central Cobb County, Georgia GR6, and is its county seat. ... Alpharetta is a city located in Fulton County, Georgia, United States. ...

Major Suburbs

These are communities with more than 10,000 inhabitants.

Acworth is a city in Cobb County, Georgia, United States. ... Alpharetta is a city located in Fulton County, Georgia, United States. ... Belvedere Park is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Buckhead is a community within the city of Atlanta, comprising over 100,000 residents, forming approximately the northern one-fifth of Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Buckhead is legally defined as that portion of the city of Atlanta northwest of I-85 and northeast of I-75. ... Buford is a city located in Gwinnett County, Georgia. ... Candler-McAfee is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Canton is the county seat of Cherokee CountyGR6, Georgia, United States. ... Panoramic of Carrollton circa 1912. ... Cartersville is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, in the United States. ... College Park is a city located partly in Fulton County, Georgia and partially in Clayton County, Georgia, in the United States. ... Conyers is a city in Rockdale County, Georgia, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 10,689. ... Covington is a city in Newton County, Georgia, United States. ... For the south-western Georgia county, see Decatur County, Georgia. ... Douglasville is a city in Douglas County, Georgia, United States. ... Druid Hills is a census-designated place and a mostly unincorporated neighborhood in DeKalb County, Georgia (part of the greater Atlanta metropolitan area). ... A picture from the annual Duluth Fall Festival Duluth is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, and a suburb of Atlanta located in the Metro Atlanta area. ... Dunwoody is a census-designated place in northern DeKalb County, Georgia. ... East Point is a minor suburb of Atlanta located in Fulton County, Georgia. ... Fayetteville is a city in Fayette County, Georgia, United States. ... Flowery Branch is a town located in Hall County, Georgia. ... Forest Park is a city located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Griffin is a city in Spalding County, Georgia, United States. ... Johns Creek (population approximately 63,000 to 70,000) is an area of Fulton County, Georgia which is proposed to be incorporated as a city (the only type of municipality in the state) in December 2006. ... Kennesaw is a city in Cobb County, Georgia, United States. ... The Historic Lawrenceville Courthouse Lawrenceville is the county seat of Gwinnett County, Georgia, in the United States. ... Lilburn is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, in the United States. ... Mableton is a census-designated place and an unincorporated town located in Cobb County, Georgia. ... Historic Downtown Marietta Marietta is a city located in central Cobb County, Georgia GR6, and is its county seat. ... McDonough is a city in Henry County, Georgia, United States. ... Milton (population approximately 20,000) is an area of Fulton County, Georgia which became incorporated as a city (the only type of municipality in the state) on December 1, 2006. ... Monroe is a city located in Walton County, Georgia. ... Mountain Park is an unincorporated, census-designated place located in Gwinnett County, Georgia. ... Newnan is a city in Coweta County, Georgia, 39 miles (63 km) south by west of Atlanta. ... North Atlanta is a census-designated place and anunincorporated census area located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... North Decatur is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... North Druid Hills is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Panthersville is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Peachtree City (zip code 30269) is a city in Fayette County, Georgia, United States. ... Powder Springs is a city in Cobb County, Georgia, United States. ... Redan is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Riverdale is a city in Clayton County, Georgia, United States. ... Location in Fulton County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: , Country United States State Georgia County Fulton County, Georgia Incorporated February 16, 1854 Government  - Mayor Jere Wood (R) Area  - City 38. ... Note: This article title may be easily confused with Sandy Spring Sandy Springs (once known as Hammond) is a newly incorporated city (as of December 1st, 2005) located in Fulton County, Georgia, north of Atlanta and south of Roswell. ... Atlanta from southern Smyrna on a clear day; the large nearby tower is Plant Atkinson. ... Motto: Everybodys Somebody in Snellville Location in Gwinnett County, Georgia Coordinates: County Gwinnett Incorporated 1923 Government  - Mayor Jerry Oberholtzer Area  - City 25. ... Stockbridge is a city located in Henry County, Georgia. ... Sugar Hill is a city located in Gwinnett County, Georgia. ... Suwanee is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia. ... Tucker is lame piece of crap kid who just sucks at taking tests such as the act. ... Union City is a city located in Fulton County, Georgia. ... Winder is a city located in Barrow County, Georgia. ... Location in Cherokee County in the state of Georgia Coordinates: , Country United States State Georgia Counties Cherokee Government  - Mayor Donnie Henriques (R) Area  - City  0. ...

Minor Suburbs

These are communities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants.

Adamsville is a predominantly African-American neighborhood on the west side of Atlanta, Georgia. ... Auburn is a city located in Barrow and Gwinnett Counties, Georgia. ... Austell is a city located in Cobb County, Georgia. ... Avondale Estates is a city located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Ball Ground is a city located in Cherokee County, Georgia. ... Berkeley Lake is a city located in Gwinnett County, Georgia. ... Braselton is a town in Jackson, Gwinnett, Barrow, and Hall Counties in the State of Georgia, about 40 miles northeast of Atlanta. ... Bremen is a city located in Haralson County. ... Carl is a town located in Barrow County, Georgia. ... Cassville, Georgia, is a community located in Bartow County in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Chamblee is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Clarkston is a city located in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Conley is a census-designated place located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Cumming is a city in Forsyth County, Georgia, United States. ... Dacula is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States. ... Dallas is a city located in Paulding County, Georgia, United States. ... Doraville is a city located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... East Griffin is a census-designated place located in Spalding County, Georgia. ... East Newnan is a census-designated place located in Coweta County, Georgia. ... Emerson is a city located in Bartow County, Georgia. ... Fair Oaks is a census-designated place located in Cobb County, Georgia. ... Fairburn is a city located in Fulton County, Georgia and Fayette County, Georgia. ... Flowery Branch is a town located in Hall County, Georgia. ... Grayson is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States. ... Gresham Park is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Hampton is a city located in western Henry County and partially in the Clayton County panhandle region, in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Hapeville is a city in Fulton County, Georgia, United States located directly adjacent to the City of Atlanta. ... Haralson is a town located in Coweta County, Georgia. ... Hiram is a city located in Paulding County, Georgia. ... Holly Springs is a city located in Cherokee County, Georgia. ... Irondale is a census-designated place located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Jasper is a city located in Pickens County, Georgia. ... Jonesboro is a city located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Lake City is a city located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Lakeview Estates is a census-designated place located in Rockdale County, Georgia. ... Lithia Springs is a town, formerly incorporated as city, located in northeastern Douglas County, Georgia. ... Lithonia is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Locust Grove is a city located in Henry County, Georgia. ... Loganville is a city located mostly in Walton County with a small portion of the city located in Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States. ... Lovejoy is a city located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Morrow is a city located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Mountain Park is a city located in north Fulton County, Georgia. ... Norcross is a city in Gwinnett County, Georgia, United States. ... Oakwood is a city in Hall County, Georgia, United States. ... Oxford is a city located in Newton County, Georgia. ... Palmetto is a city located in Fulton County, Georgia and Coweta County, Georgia. ... Pine Lake is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Porterdale is a town located in Newton County, Georgia. ... Rest Haven is a town located in Gwinnett County, Georgia. ... Scottdale is a census-designated place located in DeKalb County, Georgia. ... Senoia (pronounced Sen-oy-uh) is a city located in Coweta County, Georgia. ... Sharpsburg is a town located in Coweta County, Georgia. ... Social Circle is a city located in Walton County, Georgia. ... Stone Mountain is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. ... Tallapoosa is a city located in Haralson County, Georgia. ... Temple is a city located in Carroll County, Georgia. ... Tyrone is a town located in Fayette County, Georgia. ... Villa Rica is a city in Carroll County, Georgia, United States. ... Vinings is a census-designated place and an unincorporated town in Cobb County, Georgia, just across the Chattahoochee River from Atlanta. ... Waleska is a city located in Cherokee County, Georgia. ...

Other Communities in the Metro Area

These are communities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants.

Adairsville is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. ... Bethlehem is a town in Barrow County, Georgia, United States. ... Between is a town in Walton County, Georgia, United States. ... Blacksville is a census-designated place located in Henry County, Georgia. ... Bonanza is a census-designated place located in Clayton County, Georgia. ... Bowdon is a city located in Carroll County, Georgia. ... Braswell is a city located in Paulding County, Georgia. ... Brooks is a town located in Fayette County, Georgia, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 553. ... Corinth is a town located in Coweta County, Georgia, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 213. ... Euharlee is a city located in Bartow County, Georgia. ... Experiment is a census-designated place located in Spalding County, Georgia. ... Good Hope is a town located in Walton County, Georgia. ... Grantville is a city located in Coweta County, Georgia. ... Kingston is a city located in Bartow County, Georgia. ... Mansfield is a city located in Newton County, Georgia. ... Moreland is a town in Coweta County, Georgia, in the United States. ... Mount Zion is a city located in Carroll County, Georgia. ... Newborn is a town located in Newton County, Georgia. ... Orchard Hill is a town located in Spalding County, Georgia. ... Roopville is a town located in Carroll County, Georgia. ... Statham is a city located in Barrow County, Georgia. ... Sunny Side is a city located in Spalding County, Georgia. ... Taylorsville is a town located in Bartow County, Georgia. ... Turin is a town located in Coweta County, Georgia. ... Walnut Grove is a town located in Walton County, Georgia. ... White is a city located in Bartow County, Georgia. ... Whitesburg is a town located in Carroll County, Georgia. ... Woolsey is a town located in Fayette County, Georgia. ...

Government and politics

Georgia has the smallest average county size of any state which operates county governments. This focuses government more locally but allows greater conflict between jurisdictions. The first significant intergovernment agency in metro Atlanta was the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, which runs MARTA. Alongside other factors, problems associated with the inner city of Atlanta (crime, poverty, racism, poor public school performance, etc) influenced Cobb, Gwinnett, and Clayton county voters to refuse MARTA into their respective counties during the 1970s, decisions which have permanently altered the region-wide transportation network and community demographic ever since. An agency is a department of a local or national government responsible for the oversight and administration of a specific function, such as a customs agency or a space agency. ... MARTA rail car at North Avenue station The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, more commonly called MARTA, is the principal rapid-transit system in the Atlanta metropolitan area, and the ninth largest in the United States. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ...


The Atlanta Regional Commission is so far the closest that the area has come to a metropolitan government. It only approves projects deemed to have an impact beyond the immediate area in which they are placed. The Georgia Regional Transportation Authority is somewhat of a cross between ARC and MARTA, searching mainly for alternative transportation such as buses and trains. GRTA also operates Xpress buses from counties that have otherwise refused to join in public transport initiatives, and could operate commuter rail service in the future. The Atlanta Regional Commission (ARC) is the regional planning and intergovernmental coordination agency for the Atlanta, Georgia, region, as defined as a 10-county area including Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry and Rockdale counties, as well as the City of Atlanta. ... In the United States the term metropolitan government is most frequently used to describe a system of municipal government in which most or all of the functions of a government of a county are combined with those of its principal city. ... The Georgia Regional Transportation Authority or GRTA (pronounced like the name Greta) is a government agency in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Xpress may refer to: XPress, a digital radio trunking operator Xpress (TV series), an award winning multi cultural entertainment series Xpress, a regional passenger bus service provided by the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority in metropolitan Atlanta X*Press X*Change, an obsolete computer-based news-ticker-style newsfeed service X... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... initiative, see Initiative (disambiguation). ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ...


There has been increased interest in the past few months about creating a regional government to coordinate efforts among local governments, especially regarding metro transportation.(http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/legis07/stories/2007/01/05/transportation.html)


Business and commerce

Transportation

Metro Atlanta is served by six major interstate highway routes to and from the city. I-75 is the busiest and carries a great deal of truck traffic, running south-southeast to Macon and onward to Florida and northwest to Chattanooga (and I-575 to Canton). I-85 runs southwest to Auburn and Montgomery (and I-185 to Columbus), and northeast to Greenville/Spartanburg and Charlotte (and I-985 to Gainesville). I-20 runs east to Augusta and Columbia, and west to Anniston and Birmingham. Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... Interstate 75 is an interstate highway in the midwest and southeastern United States. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer truck prepares to offload Å koda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For other articles with similar names, see Lorry (disambiguation) and truck (disambiguation). ... Macon is a city located in central Georgia, USA. It is among the largest metropolitan areas in Georgia, and the county seat of Bibb County, It lies near the geographic center of Georgia, approximately 75 miles (129 km) south of Atlanta, hence the citys nickname as the Heart of... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Chattanooga is a city located in United States of America. ... Canton is the county seat of Cherokee CountyGR6, Georgia, United States. ... Interstate 85 is an interstate highway in the southeastern United States. ... Nickname: The Loveliest Village on the Plains Location in Lee County, Alabama Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Lee County, Alabama  - Mayor Bill Ham, Jr. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Alabama County Montgomery Incorporated December 3, 1819 Mayor Bobby Bright Area    - City 404. ... Columbus is a city in Muscogee County, Georgia, United States. ... Greenville is the third largest city in the state of South Carolina. ... Spartanburg is the largest city and the county seat of Spartanburg CountyGR6 in South Carolina, and is the second-largest city of the three primary cities in the Upstate region of South Carolina. ... Charlotte (also known as candle stick) is a figure skating grace move - one of the spirals, where the skater is bended and glides on its one leg with the other one lifted to the air. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Nickname: Motto: We feel Good Location of the consolidated areas of Augusta and Richmond County in the state of Georgia. ... Nickname: The Model City Location in Alabama Coordinates: County Calhoun Settled April 1872 Incorporated 3 July 1883 Mayor Hoyt W. “Chip” Howell, Jr. ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country United States State Alabama County Jefferson, Shelby Government  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (D) Area  - City  151. ...


I-285 encircles the city, and is called the Perimeter. I-75/85 is joined through downtown Atlanta, called the Downtown Connector. I-675 joins I-75 in the south metro to the southeastern end of I-285. Georgia 400 runs north to Alpharetta, then somewhat northeast to Dahlonega in the mountains. The GDOT had originally planned to connect 400 and 675 as I-475, but this was cancelled, as was east-west Interstate 420 and Interstate 485 Interstate 285 (Georgia State Route 407), usually known as the Perimeter, is a beltway interstate highway encircling Atlanta, Georgia for 64 miles (103km). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ...   In Atlanta, Georgia, the Downtown Connector or 75/85 (pronounced seventy-five eighty-five) is the overlapped route of Interstate 75 and Interstate 85 through the core of the city. ... Alpharetta is a city located in Fulton County, Georgia. ... Dahlonega is a town located in Lumpkin County, Georgia, USA, and is its county seat6. ... Lyskamm, 4 527 m, Pennine Alps A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... GDOT is an acronym for Georgia Department of Transportation, the government agency responsible for building and maintaining state roads in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Interstate 420 (abbreviated I-420) was a highway planned to split off of Interstate 20 at Douglasville, Georgia on the west side of metro Atlanta, then continue eastward to the south of downtown Atlanta, merging at a highway interchange with proposed Interstate 475 and traveling northeastward with it back to... Interstate 485 was originally planned to run from Interstate 75/85 (the Downtown Connector), just north of downtown Atlanta, USA, east to the Stone Mountain Expressway. ...


MARTA operates rapid transit in Fulton and Dekalb counties, while Gwinnett, Cobb, and Clayton counties operate their own buses with no current rail transit. Plans are underway for commuter rail and bus rapid transit (BRT), though these are some years away. The first commuter rail line would run south of the city, eventually extended to Lovejoy and possibly Hampton, Georgia near Atlanta Motor Speedway. The Northwest Corridor HOV/BRT project from GRTA aims to add HOV lanes to I-75 and I-575 for cars and BRT, adding new lanes and exits, as well as lanes for tractor-trailers only. MARTA rail car at North Avenue station The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, more commonly called MARTA, is the principal rapid-transit system in the Atlanta metropolitan area, and the ninth largest in the United States. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Lovejoy (disambiguation). ... Hampton is a city located in western Henry County and partially in the Clayton County panhandle region, in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Atlanta Motor Speedway is a superspeedway in Hampton, Georgia, USA, 20 miles (32 km) south of Atlanta. ... The Northwest Corridor HOV/BRT is a Georgia Regional Transportation Authority (GRTA) plan to put HOV lanes and bus rapid transit along Interstate 75 and Interstate 575 in the northwestern suburbs of metro Atlanta. ... The Georgia Regional Transportation Authority or GRTA (pronounced like the name Greta) is a government agency in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is any vehicle with a driver and one or more (or sometimes two or more, or three or more) passengers. ...


There are many historic roads across the area, named after its mills and early ferries, and the bridges later built to replace the ferries. Pace's Ferry is perhaps the best known. There were several historic mills around the metro Atlanta area, for which many of its current-day roads are still named. ... There were several historic ferries around the metro Atlanta, Georgia area, for which many of its current-day roads are still named. ... Through much of the 19th century, Paces Ferry was an important ferry across the Chattahoochee River near Atlanta. ...


Currently, I-75 is 15 lanes wide north of the Windy Hill Interchange (8 northbound, 7 southbound), and as such, is the widest freeway in the United States. There are plans to expand the freeway from I-285 northward to the Wade Green Interchange to 26 lanes (13 lanes both northbound and southbound).[citation needed] Construction costs are expected to be about 10 billion dollars and it should take about 15 years to complete.[citation needed]


The intersection of I-285 and Georgia 400 (a freeway running from Atlanta to Cumming and Dahlonega) is slated to become the biggest stack interchange in the world[citation needed], which will encompass Collector Distributor lanes, as well as 130 foot flyover lanes[citation needed], from 285 to 400, and from 400 to 285. Construction costs are expected to be around 2 billion dollars[citation needed].


Communications

The area is the world's largest toll-free calling zone and has three telephone area codes. 404, which originally covered all of northern Georgia until 1992, now covers mostly the area inside the Perimeter (Interstate 285). In 1995, the suburbs were put into 770, and 678 was overlaid onto both in 1998, requiring mandatory ten-digit dialing even for local calls under FCC rules. Cellphones, originally only 404, may now have any local area code regardless of where in the region they were issued. Confusingly, 470 will be the next area code, overlaid as was 678. This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 404 covers Atlanta and its immediate neighbors, roughly within Interstate 285. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Interstate 285 (Georgia State Route 407), usually known as the Perimeter, is a beltway interstate highway encircling Atlanta, Georgia for 64 miles (103km). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... 770 is a telephone area code assigned to [Central alabama]], Georgia and its suburbs and exurbs. ... 678 is a telephone area code assigned to metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia and its suburbs and exurbs. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The FCCs official seal. ... Cellular redirects here. ...


Atlanta enjoys the world's biggest fiber optic bundle, and was America's first city to employ ten digit dialing, which was begun by BellSouth right before the 1996 Centennial Atlanta Olympic Games. BellSouth Corporation was an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia. ...


Major fiber-optic lines and oil and natural gas pipelines cross the area, running from the Gulf coast, Texas, and Louisiana to the population centers of the northeastern U.S. Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane but including significant quantities of ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... The West Coast of New Zealand The coast is defined as the part of the land adjoining or near the ocean. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ...


Retail centers

Atlanta is a city known in the South for its many shopping areas. The Atlanta area is home to one of the South's largest shopping malls, the Mall of Georgia, which is located in nearby Gwinnett County. This article is 88 kilobytes or more in size. ... The Mall of Georgia is a 2. ...


The other larger shopping establishments in Metro Atlanta include:

Arbor Place Mall, the only mall directly serving the western suburbs of Atlanta, is located in Douglasville, GA in Douglas County. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... // Parisian is a moderate to upscale U.S. chain of department stores, based in Birmingham, Alabama known for its superior level of personalized service and limited distribution of specialty brands such as Juicy Couture, Karen Kane, BCBG Max Azria, Garfield & Marks, Tahari, Jig Saw, 7 For All Mankind, Diesel, Paper... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... This article is about the department store chain. ... This article is about a department store chain. ... Part of the old steel mill serves as a statue in central park This article describes a recently developed mixed-use neighborhood in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Cumberland Mall, located in the Cumberland district of Atlanta near the suburbs of Smyrna and Vinings, opened on August 8, 1973 and was the largest mall in the country when it first opened. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Greenbriar Mall was the second enclosed mall in the Atlanta region and the first to serve the southern suburbs of Atlanta. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corporation is a national department store retailer focusing on clothing and shoes, with over 360 stores in 42 states (as of 2006). ... Gwinnett Place Mall is a superregional shopping center located in Duluth, GA in Gwinnett County. ... Aerial view of Lenox Square with JW Marriott Hotel in background. ... Buckhead is a community within the city of Atlanta, comprising over 100,000 residents, forming approximately the northern one-fifth of Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Buckhead is legally defined as that portion of the city of Atlanta northwest of I-85 and northeast of I-75. ... Federated Department Stores, Inc. ... Bloomingdales is an upscale department store owned by Federated Department Stores, which is also the owner of Macys. ... Neiman Marcus is an upscale, specialty, retail department store, operated by the Neiman Marcus Group in the United States. ... Phipps Plaza, owned by Simon Property Group, is an 821,000 square foot (76,000 m²) mall in Buckhead, Atlanta and Lenox Squares upscale sister. ... Nordstrom, Inc. ... // Parisian is a moderate to upscale U.S. chain of department stores, based in Birmingham, Alabama known for its superior level of personalized service and limited distribution of specialty brands such as Juicy Couture, Karen Kane, BCBG Max Azria, Garfield & Marks, Tahari, Jig Saw, 7 For All Mankind, Diesel, Paper... This article contains a trivia section. ... The Mall at Stonecrest is the center of a retail Power Center in the Atlanta suburb of Lithonia, Georgia. ... North Dekalb Mall was one of the early major shopping malls in the Atlanta area, located in the suburb of Decatur at the spilt of US 29 and US 78. ... North Point Mall, located in Alpharetta, GA (a suburb of Atlanta) opened in 1993 as one of the largest shopping malls in the country. ... Northlake Mall is a shopping mall about 12 miles northeast of downtown Atlanta, GA. It is anchored by J.C. Penney, Macys, Parisian and Sears. ... Perimeter Mall is a major shopping mall in Atlanta that opened in 1971. ... Town Center at Cobb (often called Town Center Mall), is a regional shopping mall located in Kennesaw, Georgia near Atlanta. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... South Dekalb Mall is a shopping mall located in the Panthersville, GA neighborhood of Dekalb County, GA. The mall originally opened in 1968 with anchors Richs and JCPenney. ... Southlake Mall, the only superregional mall serving the southern suburbs of Atlanta, was built in 1976 and is located in Morrow, GA. Its original anchors were Richs, Davisons, Sears and JCPenney and was built as a two-level mall. ... Cobb Galleria is a large office park with 6 skyscrapers located in the Cumberland/Vinings district of Cobb and sandwiched between Marietta, Smyrna, Sandy Springs and Atlanta. ... Underground Atlanta entrance Underground Atlanta is a shopping and entertainment complex in the Five Points neighborhood of downtown Atlanta, Georgia, near the intersection of the MARTA rail lines. ...

Natural features

Geography and geology

The area sprawls across the low foothills of the Appalachian Mountains to the north and the piedmont to the south. The northern and western suburbs tend to be significantly more hilly than the southern and eastern suburbs. Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increases in hilly areas at the base of a mountain range. ... Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... The panoramic view from Connors Hill, near Swifts Creek, Victoria A hill is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain, in a limited area. ...


An extinct fault line called the Brevard Fault runs roughly parallel to the Chattahoochee River, but its last movements were apparently prehistoric. Still, minor earthquakes do rattle the area occasionally, the last one in April 2003 coming from the northwest in northeastern Alabama. While many people slept through the 5AM quake, it caused a minor panic in others completely unaware of what was happening. A magnitude 4.6 such as this occurs about every 30 to 40 years in the region. Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... Map of the Apalachicola River system with the Chattahoochee highlighted. ... Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ... An earthquake is a result from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → A timeline of events in the news for April 2003. ...


Weather and climate

Atlanta has a humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons. January daily lows averaging around 33°F (1°C) and highs averaging near 52°F (11°C), but often reaching 70-75°F (21-24°C). Snow is uncommon, with an average annual snowfall of about 2.1 inches (5 cm), falling mostly in January and early February. Summers, by contrast, are consistently hot and humid, with July mornings averaging 72°F (22°C) and afternoons averaging 89°F (32°C), slight breezes, and typically a 20-30% chance of afternoon thunderstorms.During the summer afternoon t-storms,temperatures may suddenly drop to 70-75 degrees with locally heavy rainfall. Average annual rainfall is about 50.2 inches (1370 mm) typically with late winter and early spring (as well as July) being the wettest and fall (especially October) being the driest. Despite having far fewer rainy days, average yearly rainfall is higher here than in the Seattle area, especially due to heavy thunderstorms and occasional tropical depressions. The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ...


Spring weather is pleasant but variable, as cold fronts often bring strong or severe thunderstorms to almost all of the eastern and central U.S. Pollen counts tend to be extraordinarily high in the spring, regularly exceeding 2000 particles per cubic meter in April and causing hay fever. Pine pollen leaves a fine yellow-green film on everything for much of that month. The rain helps wash out Atlanta's abundant oak, pine, and grass pollens, and fuels beautiful blooms from native dogwood trees, as well as azaleas, forsythias, magnolias, and peach trees (both flowering-only and fruiting). The city-wide floral display runs during March and April, and inspires the Dogwood Festival, one of Atlanta's largest. Fall is also pleasant, with less rain and fewer storms, lower humidity, and leaves changing color from late October to mid-November, especially during drier years. Subgenera Cornus Benthamidia Swida The Dogwoods comprise a group of 30-50 species of deciduous woody plants (shrubs and trees) in the family Cornaceae, divided into one to nine genera or subgenera (depending on botanical interpretation). ... Species see text Source: The Rhododendron page, and some research. ... Species See text. ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...


The area's geography affects the weather as well. An anticyclone over the Northeastern U.S. will blow cold air over the warmer Atlantic Ocean, forming a wedge or marine layer up against the mountains. This east or northeast wind will often blow down into the metro area in winter or even spring (sometimes fall and very rarely summer), dramatically lowering the temperature and bringing clouds and often fog or mist, along with a swift breeze. The temperature gradient across the sprawling metro Atlanta can be as much as 20°F or 10°C, occasionally even more. In winter this can be a curse, bringing freezing rain to exposed objects on the north and/or east sides of town, and occasionally very dangerously to the ground and roads. Later in the spring however, it can be a great blessing, as it often protects the area from severe thunderstorms and tornadoes, with the cool air acting like a fire extinguisher to the storms. The wedge may occasionally go the entire way through central Georgia and even into Alabama in the strongest conditions, while still leaving areas to the northwest much warmer than the metro area. In meteorology, an anticyclone (that is, opposite to a cyclone) is a weather phenomenon in which there is a descending movement of the air and a high pressure area over the part of the planets surface affected by it. ... The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ... A marine layer is a cool, moist, foggy layer of air that can be several hundred feet to as much as two thousand feet thick associated with offshore weather patterns. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Cumulus mediocris clouds, as seen from a plane window. ... Golden Gate Bridge in Fog Evening fog obscures Londons Tower Bridge from passers by. ... Dramatic morning mist Mist is a phenomenon of a liquid in small droplets floating through air. ... For other uses, see Gradient (disambiguation). ... Freezing rain begins as snow, falling from a cloud towards earth and melts completely on its way down through a layer of relatively warm (above freezing) air. ... A severe thunderstorm is a thunderstorm with winds 58 mph or greater, 3/4 inch or larger hail, or tornadoes. ... A tornado in central Oklahoma. ... Fire extinguisher A fire extinguisher is a device used to put out a fire, often in an emergency situation. ...


Major weather events

The highest recorded temperatures at Atlanta were 105°F (41°C) on three days in the extraordinarily-hot July 1980. The lowest recorded temperatures were -6°F (-21°C) and -8°F (-22°C) on January 20 and 21 of 1985, and -9°F (-23°C) on February 13 of 1899. There was also an official record of -10°F (-23°C) in 1985 in Marietta. The rainiest month ever was July of 1994, when Tropical Storm Alberto dumped massive amounts of rain on parts of the state and the south metro area, bringing 17.71 inches or 450mm at Atlanta, over three times a normal July. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Historic Downtown Marietta Marietta is a city located in central Cobb County, Georgia GR6, and is its county seat. ... Lowest pressure 993 mbar (hPa) Damages $700 million (2005 dollars) Fatalities 30 direct Areas affected Florida Panhandle, Alabama, Georgia Part of the 1994 Atlantic hurricane season Tropical Storm Alberto was the first storm of the 1994 Atlantic hurricane season. ...


Hurricane Opal brought sustained tropical storm conditions to the area one night in early October 1995, bringing down hundreds of trees and causing widespread power outages, after soaking the area with rain for two days prior. The western metro area caught the worst of the storm, gusting to nearly 70 MPH (just over 110km/h) officially at Marietta. Hurricane Opal was a major hurricane that formed in the Gulf of Mexico in September 1995. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Power Outage is an episode of The WB drama series, Charmed. ...


A blizzard (see: 1993 North American Storm Complex) caught much of the Southeast off-guard in 1993, dumping four inches (10cm) at the Atlanta airport on March 13, about twice that in the northern suburbs, and many times that in the mountains. Some people were awakened by thunder and lightning in a very rare thundersnow event. The only other recorded storm of comparable severity was in February 1899. Several areas of Northern Cobb County recorded over 15 inches of snow. It is widely regarded as the snow event of the century for Atlanta, and is referred to as the Storm of the Century. Look up Blizzard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1Maximum snowfall or ice accretion The 1993 North American storm complex, also known as the ’93 Superstorm, the (Great) Blizzard of 1993, or the Storm of the Century, was a large cyclonic storm that occurred on March 12–March 15, 1993, on the East Coast of North America. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thunder is the sound made by lightning. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Thundersnow is a particularly rare meteorological phenomenon that includes the typical behavior of a thunderstorm, but with snow falling as the primary precipitation instead of rain. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


On January 2-3, 2002 3 inches of snow fell.


Environment and ecology

The area's prolific rains are drained by many different streams and creeks. The main watershed is that of the Chattahoochee River, running northeast to southwest. The further northwestern suburbs drain into the Etowah River via the Little River and Lake Allatoona. The southern suburbs are drained by the Flint River, and the east-southeastern ones by the Oconee River and Yellow River. By 2005, the metro area was using 360 million gallons of water per day (about 80 gallons per person per day). Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Map of the Apalachicola River system with the Chattahoochee highlighted. ... The Etowah River rises northwest of Dahlonega, Georgia, north of Atlanta. ... Little River is a tributary of Lake Allatoona in Canton, GA. Category: ... Lake Allatoona (rarely called Allatoona Lake, its government name) is a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers lake in Georgia, located in northwestern metro Atlanta. ... The Flint River is an approximately 150 mi (240 km) long river, in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... The Oconee River is a river which has its origin in Hall County, Georgia and terminates 170 miles later where it joins the Ocmulgee River to form the Altamaha River near Lumber City at the borders of Montgomery County, Wheeler County, and Jeff Davis County. ...


The massive deforestation brought by excessive land development has had a significant impact on area watersheds. They now flood far more rapidly and to a much greater extent than prior to development. This has pushed many people into flood plains, something they often find out only when it is too late. A very few jurisdictions have begun to implement a stormwater fee, though the fees are not yet based on the actual amount of damaging runoff each property produces, mainly from pavement and lack of tree cover and natural leaf litter. Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, pasture, urban use, logged area or wasteland. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Floodplain. ... In law, jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak) is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area... Stormwater is a term used to describe water that originates during precipitation events. ... One pays a fee as renumeration for services, especially the honorarium paid to a doctor, lawyer or member of a learned profession. ... Run-off, composed of a mixture of water and soil along with any other organic or inorganic substances that may exist in the land, is the product of precipitation, snowmelt, over-irrigation, or other water coming in contact with the earth and carrying matter to streams, rivers, lakes, and other... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Fungus growing in leaf litter Leaf litter (sometimes called leaf mold or tree litter) is the layer of leaves and other forms of decomposing matter found on the ground beneath vegetation. ...


Flora

The native forest canopy is mainly oak, hickory, tuliptree, and pine, with some sweetgum, particularly on the southside. Underneath, the flowering dogwood is very common, and the black cherry is quite prolific, with mulberry popping up sometimes as well. Shrubby plants include blackberry, horsechestnut, sumac, and sometimes hawthorn. Virginia creeper and poison ivy are common vines. The Yellow Daisy is a wildflower native only to the area around Stone Mountain. A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... The canopy is the habitat found at the uppermost level of a forest, especially rainforest. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species See text Comparison of Carya nuts Ripe hickory nuts ready to fall, Andrews, SC Hickory is a tree of the genus Carya, including 17-19 species of deciduous trees with pinnately compound leaves and large nuts. ... Species Liriodendron chinense (Hemsl. ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Species Liquidambar formosana Liquidambar orientalis Liquidambar styraciflua The sweetgums Liquidambar are a genus in the witch-hazel family Hamamelidaceae, with three species of large deciduous trees, 25-40m tall, with palmately lobed leaves: Liquidambar formosana - Chinese Sweetgum (central & southern China, Taiwan). ... Binomial name Cornus florida L. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) is a showy small tree native to eastern and southeastern North America. ... Binomial name Prunus serotina Ehrh. ... Species See text. ... The BlackBerry is a wireless handheld device introduced in 1999 which supports push e-mail, mobile telephone, text messaging, internet faxing, web browsing and other wireless information services. ... Species Aesculus arguta: Texas Buckeye Aesculus californica: California Buckeye Aesculus chinensis: Chinese Horse-chestnut Aesculus flava(): Yellow Buckeye Aesculus glabra: Ohio Buckeye Aesculus hippocastanum: Common Horse-chestnut Aesculus indica: Indian Horse-chestnut Aesculus neglecta: Dwarf Buckeye Aesculus parviflora: Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus pavia: Red Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica: Painted Buckeye Aesculus turbinata... Species About 250 species; see text Rhus is a genus approximately 250 species of woody shrubs and small trees in the family Anacardiaceae. ... Species See text Crataegus (Hawthorn) is a large genus of in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America. ... Binomial name Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch, Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a woody vine native to the East Coast of the United States and Canada. ... Binomial name Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze Poisonivy (Toxicodendron radicans or Rhus toxicodendron), in the family Anacardiaceae, is a woody vine that is well-known for its ability to produce urushiol, a skin irritant which for most people will cause an agonizing, itching rash. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Black-eyed Susan may refer to one of several things: Black-eyed Susan is the usual common name of a number of garden flowers: Rudbeckia hirta, a member of the sunflower tribe of the large family Asteraceae A number of other members of the genus Rudbeckia The Black-eyed Susan... Five wildflower species Penstemon strictus Wildflowers in Death Valley National Park A wildflower (or wild flower) is a flower that grows wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted. ... Stone Mountain Close up of the carving Stone Mountain is a granite dome located in Stone Mountain, Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta. ...


Common garden plants include dogwood, azalea, hydrangea, maples, pin oak, redtip photinia, holly, juniper, white pine, magnolia, Bradford pear, forsythia, liriope (mondograss) and English ivy. Lawns can be either cool-season grasses like fescue and rye, or warm-season like zoysia and bermudagrass which turn brown in late fall. Species see text Source: The Rhododendron page, and some research. ... Species See text Hydrangea (common name also Hydrangea; pronounced haidréindʒiə) is a genus of about 70-75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America. ... Distribution Species See List of Acer species Maples are trees or shrubs in the genus Acer. ... Binomial name Quercus palustris Muenchh. ... Species Ilex ambigua—Sand Holly Ilex amelanchier—Swamp Holly Ilex aquifolium—European Holly Ilex bioritsensis Ilex buergeri Ilex canariensis—Small-leaved Holly Ilex cassine—Dahoon Holly Ilex centrochinensis Ilex ciliospinosa Ilex colchica Ilex collina Ilex corallina Ilex coriacea—Gallberry Ilex cornuta—Chinese Holly Ilex crenata—Japanese Holly Ilex cyrtura Ilex... Species Junipers are coniferous plants in the genus Juniperus of the cypress family Cupressaceae. ... White Pine may refer to: Trees within the Pinus classification Eastern White Pine, a tree native to North America. ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... Species Pyrus calleryana The Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana) is a species of pear native to China. ... Species See text. ... Species Liriope muscari Liriope gigantea Liriope exiliflora Liriope spicata Lilyturf is a group of low, grass-like, flowering plants often used in landscaping, especially in the southeastern U.S. (except southern Florida). ... English Ivy, (hedera helix), is an extremely invasive species of ivy native to England, but now has taken root in many places such as the U.S., often wiping out native grasses and undergrowth. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Cut grass growing on in the Hudson River Park Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae. ... Species See text Fescue (Festuca) is a genus of about 300 species of tufted grasses, belonging to the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... Species There are 5 species: Zoysia emerald - Emerald Zoysia Zoysia japonica Korean Zoysia Zoysia matrella Manila Grass Zoysia tenuifolia Mascarene Grass Zoysia is a genus of creeping grass native to Southeast Asia, China and Japan. ... Species See text Cynodon (Greek Dog-tooth) is a genus of nine species of grasses, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Old World. ...


By far the most notorious introduced species is kudzu, a highly invasive species from Japan. Wisteria has also escaped in some places, and Japanese honeysuckle is quite common. Chinese Privet has surpassed all these as the most invasive non-native, yet it is still sold as a garden plant. Sweet clover (), introduced and naturalized to the U.S. from Eurasia as a forage and cover crop. ... For other uses, see Kudzu (disambiguation). ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Lonicera japonica Thunb. ... Species See text Privet was originally the name for the European semi-evergreen shrub Ligustrum vulgare, and later also for the more reliably evergreen Ligustrum ovalifolium (Japanese privet), used extensively for privacy hedging (hence privet, private). ...


Fauna

Among mammals, the eastern gray squirrel is by far the most ubiquitous, stealing birdseed from the bird feeders which many locals put up. Small brown rabbits are common, but it is relatively rare to hear of them doing any damage. Opossum, raccoons, foxes, and now even small coyotes are sometimes found, especially where the habitat destruction of new development has forced them out. Snakes are rare, but tree frogs are easily heard in early summer. Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in female mammary glands and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex region in... Binomial name Gmelin, 1788 The Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is a tree squirrel that is native to the eastern to midwestern United States and the eastern provinces of Canada. ... A birdfeeder, bird feeder, or bird table is a device placed out-of-doors to supply food to birds. ... A hummingbird feeder - dye should not be used in the liquid provided Bushtits on a suet feeder An empty bird-seed dispenser A birdfeeder, bird feeder, or bird table is a device placed out-of-doors to supply bird food to birds. ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. ... This article or section should be merged with Virginia_opossum The word opossum (usually pronounced without the leading O, or with only a very slight schwa) refers either to the Virginia Opossum in particular, or more generally to any of the other marsupials of magnorder Ameridelphia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Common Raccoon. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Binomial name Say, 1823 Coyote range The coyote (Canis latrans, meaning barking dog) also prairie wolf [2]) is a member of the Canidae (dog) family and a close relative of the Gray Wolf. ... Habitat destruction is a process of land use change in which one habitat-type is removed and replaced with some other habitat-type. ... blue: sea snakes, black: land snakes Superfamilies and Families Henophidia Aniliidae Anomochilidae Boidae Bolyeriidae Cylindrophiidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Uropeltidae Xenopeltidae Typhlopoidea Anomalepididae Leptotyphlopidae Typhlopidae Xenophidia Acrochordidae Atractaspididae Colubridae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Viperidae A snake is a scaly, limbless, elongate reptile from the order Squamata. ... Distribution of Hylidae and Rhacophoridae (in black) Genera See text. ...


The most common birds are the American Crow, European (or Common) Starling, House Sparrow, Northern Cardinal, Purple Finch, Carolina Chickadee, Tufted Titmouse, Blue Jay, Nuthatch, and American Kestrel. Various woodpeckers can be seen in forested lots, including the Red-headed Woodpecker, Norther Flicker (also known as the "red-shafted flicker"), Downy Woodpecker and occasionally others. The American Goldfinch is present in winter, and the Ruby-throated Hummingbird in summer. Binomial name Corvus brachyrhynchos Brehm, 1822 American Crow range The American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) is slightly smaller than the European Carrion Crow in overall size (39-49 cm in length) and also has a proportionately smaller bill. ... Binomial name Sturnus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758 The Common Starling or European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris, is a passerine bird in the family Sturnidae. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae. ... Binomial name Cardinalis cardinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a member of the cardinal family of birds in North America. ... Binomial name Carpodacus purpureus (Gmelin, 1789) The Purple Finch, Carpodacus purpureus, is a small finch that looks a lot like Garron. ... Binomial name Poecile carolinensis (Audubon, 1834) The Carolina Chickadee, Parus carolinensis or Poecile carolinensis, is a small songbird. ... Binomial name Baeolophus bicolor (Linnaeus, 1766) The Tufted Titmouse, Baeolophus bicolor, is a small songbird. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) is a passerine bird and member of the crow family Corvidae native to North America. ... Species 22 species, see text The nuthatches are a family, Sittidae, of generally very similar small passerine birds found throughout the Northern hemisphere. ... Binomial name Falco sparverius Linnaeus, 1758 The American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) is a small falcon. ... Genera Melanerpes Sphyrapicus Xiphidiopicus Dendropicos Dendrocopos Picoides Veniliornis Campethera Geocolaptes Dinopium Meiglyptes Hemicircus Micropternus Picus Mulleripicus Dryocopus Celeus Piculus Colaptes Campephilus Chrysocolaptes Reinwardtipicus Blythipicus Gecinulus Sapheopipo For other uses, see Woodpecker (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Red-headed Woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus, is a small or medium-sized woodpecker. ... Binomial name Picoides pubescens (Linnaeus, 1766) The Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens, is the smallest woodpecker in North America. ... Binomial name Carduelis tristis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Eastern or American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis) is a typical North American seed-eating member of the finch (Fringillidae) family, averaging 11 cm in length. ... Binomial name Archilochus colubris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris, is a small hummingbird. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Atlanta Metropolitan Area (777 words)
The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia.
The population of the city of Atlanta declined from 425,022 in 1980 to 394,017 in 1990, as residents moved to suburban portions of the metropolitan region.
Atlanta is the residence of the Governor of Georgia in Buckhead.
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