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Atiśa Dipamkara Shrijnana (Bangla: অতীশ দীপঙ্কর শ্রীজ্ঞান) (982 - 1054 CE) was a Buddhist teacher who reintroduced Buddhism into Tibet after King Langdharma had nearly destroyed it. He studied and mastered all of the traditions of Buddhism in India. After different trials to invite him to Tibet, he finally accepted the invitation and came to Tibet for the rest of his life. Some tibetan sources say he was also abbot of Vikramashila University at one point, one of the great centers of Buddhist learning after Nalanda University. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A replica of an ancient statue of Gautama Buddha, found from Sarnath, near Varanasi. ... The cultural elements of Buddhism vary by region and include: Buddhist cuisine Buddhist art Buddharupa Art and architecture of Japan Greco-Buddhism Tibetan Buddhist sacred art Buddhist music Buddhist chant Shomyo Categories: Buddhism-related stubs ... The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddharta Gautama. ... Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z The following is a List of Buddhist topics: A Abhidharma Ahimsa Ajahn Ajahn Chah Ajanta Aksobhya Alexandra David-Néel... Buddhist beliefs and practices vary according to region. ... The percentage of Buddhist population of each country was taken from the US State Departments International Religious Freedom Report 2004 [1]. Other sources used were CIA Factbook [2] and adherents. ... There are many divisions and subdivisions of the schools of Buddhism. ... The Buddhist temple Wat Chiang Man, in Chiang Mai, Thailand, which dates from the late 13th century Buddhist temples and monasteries, sorted by location. ... Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... There are a great variety of Buddhist texts. ... // Before Common Era Trad. ... This article is about the Bengali language. ... A replica of an ancient statue of Gautama Buddha, found from Sarnath, near Varanasi. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Remains at Nalanda Nalanda is a historical place in central Bihar, India, 90 km south-east of the state capital of Patna. ...

Contents


Early life

He was born in the village Vajrayogini in the Bikrampur region of Bengal, currently in Bangladesh, in 982 CE. His childhood name was Chandragarbha. From a very young age he showed an extraordinary aptitude for Dharma and studied sincerely under more than 100 teachers. He received, practiced, and mastered the instructions on the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Vajrayana schools of Buddhism and was regarded highly by all the traditions of Buddhism in India at the time. Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in Bangla (Bengali), is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Hinayana (Sanskrit: inferior vehicle; Chinese:小乘, Xiǎoshèng; Japanese: Shōjō) is a term coined by the Mahayana, which appeared publicly around the 1st century CE. There are differing views on the use and meaning of the term, both among scholars and within Buddhism. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... A mandala used in Vajrayana Buddhist practices. ...


Preaching in Sumatra and Tibet

In 1011 CE, Atiśa, along with more than 100 disciples, went to Srivijaya in what is now Indonesia and became a disciple of Dharmakirti, known in Tibetan as Serlingpa Gser-gling-pa, to receive instructions on Bodhicitta. Atiśa stayed with Serlingpa for 12 years. He then returned to Magadha where he met great Buddhist scholars who all acknowledged his superior knowledge and scholarship. Srivijaya (200s-1400) was an ancient Malay kingdom on the island of Sumatra which influenced much of the Malay Archipelago. ... In Buddhist thought, bodhicitta (Ch. ... Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ...


In the 11th century, the king byang-chub 'Od invited Atiśa to come from Bengal to Tibet, in order to help him raise money to build a large statue of Manjuśri. Atiśa composed his famous bhuddist text "bodhi path pradipa"-Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment, in tibetan it means "Byang chhub lam gi rdon mey". It is a short text on lamrim, the stages of the path to enlightenment. Lam Rim (tib: Lam means path; Rim means stages) is a presentation of Buddhas doctrine of Tibetan Buddhism based upon the root text of Atisha A Lamp for the Path. // History When Atisha was invited and came to Tibet he was asked by Djang Jup Ö to give a complete and...


Dromtonpa, the principal disciple of Atiśa kept the complete legacy of Atiśa and this became later known as the Kadampa (Bka'-gdams-pa) tradition of bhuddism. This was later revived by the Tibetan teacher Tsongkhapa (Btsong-ka-pa), the founder of the Gelug (Dge-lugs) tradition. Since that time the Kadampa school of Atiśa is named Old Kadampa and Tsongkhapas Gelug school is named New Kadampa. Dromtonpa was the chief disciple of Buddhist master Atisha, who was preaching in Tibetan area since 1042. ... The Kadampa (Bka-gdams-pa) Tradition was a Tibetan Mahayana Buddhist school. ... Je Tsongkhapa (Btsong-kha-pa) in the fifth vison of Khedrub Jey (Mkhas-grub) // The Geluk (Dge-lugs) School Tsongkhapa (Wylie transliteration: Btsong-kha-pa) (1357 - 1419) , whose name means The Man from Onion Valley, also known as Je Rinpoche (Rje Rin-bo-che) and by his ordained name Lobsang... The Geluk (dge lugs) School was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), Tibets best known religious reformer and arguably its greatest philosopher. ... The New Kadampa is a synonym for the 14th Century Gelukpas (Dge-lugs-pa) school of Tibetan Buddhism, as founded by Je Tsongkhapa (Btsong-ka-pa); being great admirer of the Kadampa teachings, Tsongkhapa was an enthusiastic promoter of the 11th Century Kadampa Schools emphasis on the Mahayana principles...


Firstly the tradition on the instructions on Bodhicitta were kept very secret. In Tibet Atiśa passed it only to his main disciple Dromtonpa. Later the instructions became known in Tibet as Training the Mind (Tib. lojong) and were integrated and emphasised in all four tibetan buddhist schools. In Buddhist thought, bodhicitta (Ch. ...


Swarnadvipa( ser ling) is generally taken to mean insular Southeast Asia. In Atiśa's time the area was dominated by the great empire of Srivijaya which was known as a seat of Buddhist learning. Srivijaya (200s-1400) was an ancient Malay kingdom on the island of Sumatra which influenced much of the Malay Archipelago. ...


Writings

Atiśa wrote, translated and edited more than two hundred books, which helped spread Buddhism in Tibet. He discovered several Sanskrit manuscripts in Tibet and copied them himself. He translated many books from Sanskrit to Tibetan. He also wrote several books on Buddhist scriptures, medical science and technical science in Tibetan. Dipankar wrote several books in Sanskrit, but only their Tibetan translations are extant now. 79 of his compositions have been preserved in Tibetan translation in the Tenjur (bstan-sgyur). Following are his most notable books- Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम्) is an Indo-European classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ... The Tibetan people are a people living in Tibet and some surrounding areas. ...

  • Bodhi-patha-pradipa,
  • Charya-sanggraha-pradipa
  • Satya-dvayavatara
  • Bodhi-sattva-manyavali
  • Madhyamaka-ratna-pradipa
  • Mahayana-patha-sadhana-sanggraha
  • Shiksa-samuchchaya Abhisamya
  • Prajna-paramita-pindartha-pradipa
  • Ekavira-sadhana
  • Vimala-ratna-lekha

Vimalaratnalekha is a Sanskrit letter to Nayapala, king of Magadha. Charyasamgrahapradipa contains some kirtan verses composed by Atiśa. Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ... Kirtan originated in the Hindu tradition as loving songs sung to God. ...


Death

After staying for thirteen years in Tibet, Atiśa died in 1054 CE in a village called Lethan, near Lhasa. The site of his last rites at Lethan has turned into a shrine. His ashes were brought to Dhaka, Bangladesh on 28 June 1978 and placed in Dharmarajika Bauddha Vihara. Lhasa prefecture-level city in Tibet Autonomous Region Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha-sa; Simplified Chinese: 拉萨; Traditional Chinese: 拉薩; pinyin: Lāsà), sometimes called Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


References

  • Banglapedia Article on Atisha Dipamkara
  • Tibetan Biography of Atisha
  • Geshe Sonam Rinchen, Atisha's Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment, Snow Lion Publications
  • Dilgo Kyentse. Enlightened Courage, Snow Lion 1993. ISBN 1-55939-023-9

External link

  • Buddhist quote - Atisha's advice

  Results from FactBites:
 
Atisha: Information from Answers.com (3332 words)
Although the multiple possible places of Atisha’s birth are found in the same historically potent region bridging the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, distinctions regarding the precise location of his birth are dependent on the political, social, as well as historical forces acting as inevitable influences upon the source.
Atisha was allegedly born into royalty, and it would be intriguing to know if his royal status stemmed from one of these two contemporaneous contending powers.
Atisha’s closest diciple, Dromtönpa, is considered the founder of the Kadampa school, which later evolved into the Geluk, one of the four main school of Tibetan Buddhism.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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