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Encyclopedia > Atchison, Kansas
City of Atchison
Location of Atchison in Kansas.
Location of Atchison in Kansas.
Coordinates: 39°33′45″N 95°7′42″W / 39.5625, -95.12833
Country United States
State Kansas
County Atchison
Founded 1854
Incorporated August 30, 1855
Government
 - mayor Marianne Estes
Area
 - Total 7.2 sq mi (18.7 km²)
 - Land 6.8 sq mi (17.7 km²)
 - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.0 km²)  5.27%
Elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 10,154
 - Density 1,495.4/sq mi (574.5/km²)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66002
Area code(s) 913
FIPS code 20-02900GR2
GNIS feature ID 0473516GR3
Website: www.cityofatchison.com


Two views of a pedestrian mall on Commercial Street in downtown Atchison
Commercial Street in downtown Atchison
Commercial Street in downtown Atchison
A statue of Amelia Earhart on Commercial Street in downtown Atchison

Atchison is a city situated along the Missouri River in the eastern part of Atchison County, located in northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. The population was 10,232 at the 2000 census, and it was estimated to be 10,154 in the year 2006.[1] It is the county seat and most populous city of Atchison County. The city is named in honor of David Rice Atchison, United States senator from Missouri, and was the original eastern terminus of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad. Image File history File links Atchison_County_Kansas_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Atchison_Highlighted. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... 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Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area Code 913 is the area code for telephone exchanges located in the areas of Kansas in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 397 pixels Full resolution (2699 × 1339 pixel, file size: 976 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Atchison, Kansas User:Malepheasant/articles... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixels Full resolution (2804 × 1647 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 344 pixels Full resolution (2722 × 1170 pixel, file size: 846 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Atchison, Kansas User:Malepheasant/articles... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 344 pixels Full resolution (2722 × 1170 pixel, file size: 846 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Atchison, Kansas User:Malepheasant/articles... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 423 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1669 × 2367 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 423 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1669 × 2367 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Atchison County (standard abbreviation: AT) is a county located in the state of Kansas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Central United States is a bridge region between the Eastern United States and Western United States. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Portrait by George Caleb Bingham Statue at Clinton County Courthouse in Missouri David Rice Atchison (11 August 1807 – 26 January 1886) was a mid-19th century Democratic United States Senator from Missouri. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Arizona railroads | California railroads | Colorado railroads | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Kansas railroads | Louisiana railroads | Missouri railroads | Nebraska railroads | New Mexico railroads | Oklahoma railroads | Texas railroads ...


Atchison was the birthplace of aviatrix Amelia Earhart: the Amelia Earhart Festival held each July annually attracts an estimated 30,000–50,000 people. Atchison is also the home of Benedictine College, a small Catholic liberal-arts college. It is often called one of the most haunted places in America, due to the city's ghost-story heritage, featured in the 1997 book, "Haunted Kansas," written by Lisa Hefner Heitz, and published by University Press of Kansas. Amelia Mary Earhart (24 July 1897 – missing 2 July 1937, declared deceased 5 January 1939) was a noted American aviation pioneer, author and womens rights advocate. ... Benedictine College is a small university in Atchison, Kansas. ...

Contents

History

Atchison was founded in 1854 and named in honor of Senator David Rice Atchison, who, when Kansas was opened for settlement, interested some of his friends in the scheme of forming a city in the new territory.[2] Senator Atchison was interested in ensuring that the population of the new Kansas Territory would be majority pro-slavery, as he had been a prominent promoter of both slavery and the idea of popular sovereignty over the issue in the new lands. However, it seems that all were not agreed upon the location he had selected, and on July 20, 1854, Dr. John H. Stringfellow, Ira Norris, Leonidas Oldham, James B. Martin and Neal Owens left Platte City, Missouri, to decide definitely upon a site. They crossed the Missouri River near Fort Leavenworth and continued to travel up stream along the western bank until they reached the place where Atchison now stands, where they found a site that was the natural outlet of a remarkably rich agricultural region just open to settlement. They also found that two men named George M. Million and Samuel Dickson had staked claims near the river. Million's claim lay south of what is now known as Atchison Street and consisted of a quarter section. Dickson had built a small cabin on his claim, and this cabin was the first structure erected on the site of the present city. Million had a ferry, on which he crossed to the Missouri side of the river to his home, but on the day the prospectors arrived he was on the Kansas side. From a map in his possession, the prospectors found that they were at the location decided upon before leaving Missouri. Portrait by George Caleb Bingham Statue at Clinton County Courthouse in Missouri David Rice Atchison (11 August 1807 – 26 January 1886) was a mid-19th century Democratic United States Senator from Missouri. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Platte City is a city in Platte County, Missouri, along the Platte River. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ...


As all the men in the party, except Dr. Stringfellow, had already taken claims in the valley of Walnut Creek, he was the only member of the party who could select a claim. He therefore took a tract north of Million's. The proposition of forming a town company for the future city was laid before the first settlers. Dickson was willing, but Million did not care to cut up his claim. He offered to sell his claim for $1,000—an exorbitant price for the land—but the men from Platte City had determined to found a city on that particular spot, and the purchase was made. A town company was formed and a week later a meeting was held under a tree on the bank of the river, about a half block south of where Atchison Street now runs. There were eighteen persons present when the town company was formally organized by electing Peter T. Abell, president; James Burns, treasurer; and Dr. Stringfellow, secretary.


The site was divided into 100 shares by the company, of which each member retained five shares, the remainder being reserved for common benefit of all. By September 20, 1854, Henry Kuhn had surveyed the 480 acres (1.9 km²) and made a plat, and the next day was fixed for the sale of lots, an event of great importance as it had become understood that Senator Atchison would make a speech upon the political question of the day, hence the sale would be of political as well as business significance. At his meeting on the 21st, two public institutions of vital interest to a new community were planned for—a hotel and a newspaper. Each share of stock in the town company was assessed $25, the proceeds to be used to build the National Hotel, which was completed in the spring of 1855 on the corner of Second and Atchison streets, and $400 was donated to Dr. Stringfellow and Robert S. Kelley to erect a printing office. The Squatter Sovereign, a paper with strong pro-slavery sentiments, was first issued on February 3, 1855. It had formerly been published at Liberty, Missouri, under the name of the Democratic Platform. In the spring of 1857 it was purchased by Samuel C. Pomeroy, Robert McBratney and F.G. Adams, who changed its policy and published it as a free-state paper until the fall of the same year, when Pomeroy became the sole owner.[3] is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Liberty (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Samuel Clarke Pomeroy (January 3, 1816 – August 27, 1891) was a Republican Senator from Kansas in the mid-19th century. ...


The first post office in Atchison was established April 10, 1855, with Kelley as postmaster. It was opened in a small building in the block later occupied by the Otis house. In July 1883, the free-delivery system was inaugurated. Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


For years there had been considerable trade up and down the Missouri River, which had naturally centered at Leavenworth, but in June 1855, several overland freighters were induced to select Atchison as their outfitting point. The most important firms were Livingston, Kinkead & Co. and Hooper & Williams. The outfitting business done in Atchison was one of the greatest factors in establishing her commercial career. Some of the first merchants to open stores in the new town were George Challis, Burns Bros., Stephen Johnston and Samuel Dickson. Leavenworth redirects here. ...


On August 30, 1855, Atchison was incorporated. The corporation was granted the privilege of holding land “not to exceed 640 acres (2.6 km²)” and the stock of the company was to be regarded as personal property. The town company had required every settler to build a house at least 6 feet square upon his lot, but when the survey was made it was discovered that some of these buildings were upon school lands. The title to the school lands remained in question for some time, but in 1857 all lands embraced within the corporate limits of the town were acquired by the town company from the general government, and in turn conveyed the lots to the individual purchasers, the titles being finally confirmed by the court. is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Dr. Stringfellow had North Atchison surveyed and platted in the fall of 1857. This started a fever of additions. In February 1858, West Atchison was laid out by John Roberts, and in May Samuel Dickson had his property surveyed as South Atchison. Still another addition was made by John Challis.


On February 12, 1858, the legislature issued a charter to the city of Atchison, which was approved by the people on March 2 at a special election. The first city officers were elected at a second special election on March 13, 1858, and Samuel C. Pomeroy was elected mayor. is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Samuel Clarke Pomeroy (January 3, 1816 – August 27, 1891) was a Republican Senator from Kansas in the mid-19th century. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


The first schools in the town were private. One of the first was opened in 1857 by Lizzie Bay. The first school district was established in October 1858, and a month later the Atchison free high school was opened at the corner of Atchison and Commercial streets.


At the outbreak of the American Civil War there were three militia companies organized in Atchison, whose members enlisted in the Kansas regiments. They were known as Companies A, C and “At All Hazards”. Early in September 1861, a home guard was organized in the town to protect it in case of invasion from Missouri, and on the 15th of the month another company was raised, which was subsequently mustered into a state regiment. In 1863 the city of Atchison raised $4,000 to assist the soldiers from the county and after the Lawrence Massacre a like sum was subscribed to assist the stricken people of that city. Citizens of the town also joined the vigilance committees that so materially aided the civil authorities in suppressing raiding and the lawless bands of thieves that infested the border counties. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders No Union commander William C. Quantrill Strength Lawrence Union Militia, Unknown number Redlegs, 21 U.S. soldiers 14th Kansas Infantry Regt, 20 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry Regt Quantrill’s Raiders and other guerrillas (400) Casualties 164 40 The Lawrence Massacre...


Soon after the war, when industrial life became normal, manufactories began to spring up in Atchison. Elevators and mills were erected in the late 1860s and early 1870s; a flax mill was built; the Atchison Foundry and Machine Works, one of the most important commercial enterprises, was started; also many wood working factories, and carriage and wagon works. The city gained a reputation for its fine flour mills, car-repair shops, foundries, wooden ware, and furniture factories. For other uses, see Flax (disambiguation). ...


Atchison was one of the first cities in Kansas to be connected by telegraph with the east. In 1859 the St. Louis & Missouri Valley Telegraph company extended its line from Leavenworth to Atchison. In 1911, the following railroads all ran into the city: Burlington & Missouri River; Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe; Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific; Hannibal & St. Joseph; Kansas City, St. Joseph & Council Bluffs; and the Missouri Pacific. The electrical telegraph is a telegraph that uses electric signals. ... The Burlington and Missouri River Railroad was incorporated in Iowa in 1852. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting marks ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... Hannibal and St. ... Missouri Pacific (MoPac; AAR reporting mark MP) was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi River. ...


Geography

Atchison is located at 39°33′45″N, 95°7′42″W (39.562499, -95.128257).GR1 The city is situated along the western bank of the Missouri River which also marks the Kansas-Missouri state line. Located at the junction of U.S. Route 59 and U.S. Route 73, it is 21 miles (34 km) southwest of St. Joseph, Missouri along US-59 and 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Leavenworth, Kansas along US-73. The section of US-73 between Atchison and Leavenworth is part of the Glacial Hills Scenic Byway which follows K-7 northward from Atchison.[4] The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... U.S. Route 59 is a north-south United States highway (though it is signed east-west in parts of Texas). ... U.S. Highway 73 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 112 miles (180 km) from southeast Nebraska to northeast Kansas. ... Saint Joseph (also known as St. ... Leavenworth redirects here. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 km² (7.2 mi²), of which 17.7 km² (6.8 mi²) is land and 1.0 km² (0.4 mi²), or 5.27%, is water.GR2 The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

Over the course of a year, temperatures range from an average low of nearly 15 °F in January to an average high of nearly 90 °F in July. The maximum temperature reaches 90 °F an average of 38 days per year and reaches 100 °F an average of 3 days per year. The minimum temperature falls below the freezing point (32 °F) an average of 106 days per year. Typically the first fall freeze occurs between the second week of October and the first week of November, and the last spring freeze occurs between the end of March and the third week of April.


The area receives nearly 38 inches of precipitation during an average year with the largest share being received in May, June, and July—with a combined 29 days of measurable precipitation. During a typical year the total amount of precipitation may be anywhere from 25 to 52 inches. There are on average 96 days of measurable precipitation per year. Winter snowfall averages almost 23 inches, but the median is less than 16 inches. Measurable snowfall occurs an average of 13 days per year with at least an inch of snow being received on eight of those days. Snow depth of at least an inch occurs an average of 27 days per year.

Source: Monthly Station Climate Summaries, 1971-2000, U.S. National Climatic Data Center
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperatures (°F)
Mean high 35.5 42.4 54.2 65.6 75.5 84.5 89.4 87.6 79.9 68.4 52.0 39.4 64.5
Mean low 15.9 21.2 31.2 42.2 54.1 63.1 68.0 64.7 56.1 45.3 31.6 20.9 42.9
Highest recorded 72
(1989)
80
(1972)
89
(1946)
92
(1989)
96
(1956)
105
(1980)
109
(1980)
109
(1984)
108
(1947)
98
(1939)
84
(1980)
74
(1939)
109
(1984)
Lowest recorded −19
(1947)
−16
(1979)
−10
(1978)
11
(1975)
28
(1944)
42
(1945)
47
(1968)
44
(1950)
30
(1942)
19
(1942)
−2
(1976)
−21
(1989)
−21
(1989)
Precipitation (inches)
Median 1.09 0.97 1.91 2.98 4.27 3.87 3.81 3.33 3.28 2.96 2.31 1.18 36.08
Mean number of days 6.1 5.9 8.4 9.6 10.7 9.8 8.4 8.4 8.0 7.1 7.1 6.0 95.5
Highest monthly 2.73
(1993)
2.96
(1997)
8.34
(1973)
7.07
(1999)
12.68
(1982)
10.85
(1996)
16.51
(1992)
10.59
(1977)
12.56
(1977)
7.44
(1977)
5.88
(1975)
3.75
(1980)
Snowfall (inches)
Median 6.2 5.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.0 15.7
Mean number of days 4.0 3.0 1.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 2.9 12.7
Highest monthly 29.4
(1979)
20.0
(1978)
16.2
(1976)
7.0
(1975)
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0
(1996)
9.1
(1975)
17.5
(1983)
Notes: Temperatures are in degrees Fahrenheit. Precipitation includes rain and melted snow or sleet in inches; median values are provided for precipitation and snowfall because mean averages may be misleading. Mean and median values are for the 30-year period 1971–2000; temperature extremes are for the station's period of record (1939–2001). The station is located in Atchison at 39°34′N 95°7′W, elevation 945 feet.

For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... This article is about precipitation. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Sleet is a term used in a variety of ways to describe precipitation intermediate between rain and snow but distinct from hail. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... In probability theory and statistics, a median is a type of average that is described as the number dividing the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half. ... In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean (or simply the mean) of a list of numbers is the sum of all the members of the list divided by the number of items in the list. ...

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 2,616
1870 7,054 169.6%
1880 15,105 114.1%
1890 13,963 -7.6%
1900 15,722 12.6%
1910 16,429 4.5%
1920 12,630 -23.1%
1930 13,024 3.1%
1940 12,648 -2.9%
1950 12,792 1.1%
1960 12,529 -2.1%
1970 12,565 0.3%
1980 11,407 -9.2%
1990 10,656 -6.6%
2000 10,232 -4.0%

Atchison's population was estimated to be 10,154 in the year 2006, a decrease of 80, or -0.8%, over the previous six years.[1] The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


As of the U.S. Census in 2000,GR2 there were 10,232 people, 3,863 households, and 2,437 families residing in the city. The population density was 578.4/km² (1,498.2/mi²). There were 4,220 housing units at an average density of 238.6/km² (617.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.56% White, 7.80% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.58% of the population. 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... // Demographics in 2000 US Census Pacific Islander Americans represent the smallest group counted on the 2000 US Census. ... Actress Halle Berry was born to a white mother of British extraction and a black father of American extraction. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ...


There were 3,863 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. The household is the basic unit of analysis in many microeconomic and government models. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 13.8% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $31,109, and the median income for a family was $37,100. Males had a median income of $31,027 versus $20,262 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,441. About 9.5% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over. The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

The Atchison Public Schools school district (USD 409), with three schools, serves more than 1,600 students.[5]

  • Atchison Elementary School, grades K–5
  • Atchison Middle School, grades 6–8
  • Atchison High School, grades 9–12 [1]

The Bert Nash Intermediate School is a public school separate from the district which serves less than 100 students in grades 7–12.[6] Other private schools in the city include:*

Maur Hill Mount Academy is a coed Catholic, boarding high school in Atchison, Kansas. ...

Colleges and universities

Benedictine College is a small university in Atchison, Kansas. ...

Residents of note

Amelia Mary Earhart (24 July 1897 – missing 2 July 1937, declared deceased 5 January 1939) was a noted American aviation pioneer, author and womens rights advocate. ... Sheffield Ingalls ( March 28, 1875 - January 17, 1937)) was a banker, attorney[1] and politicain in the state of Kansas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Martin, John Alexander, governor of the State of Kansas from 1885 to 1889, the tenth man to hold that office, was born on March 10, 1839, at Brownsville, Pa. ... For the episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, see Earshot (Buffy episode). ...

Points of interest

Amelia Mary Earhart (24 July 1897 – missing 2 July 1937, declared deceased 5 January 1939) was a noted American aviation pioneer, author and womens rights advocate. ... The International Forest of Friendship is an arboretum and memorial forest beside Lake Warnock in Atchison, Kansas. ... In 1804, Meriwether Lewis & William Clark began a voyage of discovery with 45 men, a keelboat, two pirogues, and a dog. ...

See also

Information on this and other cities in Kansas

Other information for Kansas This is a listing of cities located in the U.S. state of Kansas. ... Kansas has the twenty-sixth highest per capita income in the United States, at $20,506 (2000). ...

This is a listing of counties in the U.S. state of Kansas. ... This is a complete listing of unified school districts in the State of Kansas. ... The following is a list of colleges and universities in the U.S. state of Kansas. ...

References

See also: Geographic references and United States Census, 2000
  1. ^ a b Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-06-28. Population change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  2. ^ "Atchison". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc ... I. (1912). Ed. Frank W. Blackmar. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. 108–111.  The primary source for this history.
  3. ^ "Newspapers". Kansas: a cyclopedia of state history, embracing events, institutions, industries, counties, cities, towns, prominent persons, etc ... II. (1912). Ed. Frank W. Blackmar. Chicago: Standard Pub Co. 358–367. 
  4. ^ Glacial Hills Scenic Byway. Kansas Scenic Byways. Retrieved on 2006-07-15.
  5. ^ Atchison Public Schools schools. GreatSchools.net. Retrieved on 2006-07-15.
  6. ^ Bert Nash Intermediate schools. GreatSchools.net. Retrieved on 2006-07-15.
  7. ^ KANSAS LEGENDS Haunted Atchison Most Ghostly Town in Kansas. legendsofamerica.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-25.

The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Official sites

The Atchison Area Chamber of Commerce links you to the city's webpage where you can learn more about The Santa Fe Depot. The Santa Fe Depot has a comfortable seating area where patrons can watch haunted house tour movies. There are also two maps hanging inside on the wall near the Depot's entrance/exit. One map is of the United States and one map is international.

 Long colored pins are available for you to pinpoint the area on the map where you are 

visiting from.



Additional information

Coordinates: 39.562499° N 95.128257° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Atchison, Kansas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1871 words)
Atchison is a city situated along the Missouri River in the eastern part of Atchison County, located in northeast Kansas, in the central United States.
Atchison was founded in 1854 and named in honor of Senator Atchison, who, when Kansas was opened for settlement, interested some of his friends in the scheme of forming a city in the new territory.
Atchison was one of the first cities in Kansas to be connected by telegraph with the east.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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