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Encyclopedia > Ataulf

Ataulf (sometimes spelled Athaulf, "father-wolf", Latinized as Ataulphus or Adolphus, in Spanish Ataúlfo) was king of the Visigoths from 410 to 415 CE. He was unanimously elected to the throne to succeed his brother-in-law Alaric, who had been struck down by a fever suddenly in Calabria. King Ataulf's first act was to halt Alaric's southward expansion of the Goths in Italy. The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... Events Alaric I deposes Priscus Attalus as Roman Emperor. ... Events The Visigoths leave Gallia Narbonensis and relocate in Spain Wallia becomes king of the Visigoths. ... An 1894 photogravure of Alaric I taken from a painting by Ludwig Thiersch. ... Calabria, formerly Brutium, is a region in southern Italy which occupies the toe of the Italian peninsula south of Naples. ...


Meanwhile, Gaul had been separated from the western Roman Empire by the usurper Constantine III. So in 411 Constantius, the magister militium (master of military) of the western emperor, Flavius Augustus Honorius, with Gothic auxiliaries under Ulfilas, crushed the Gallic rebellion with a siege of Arles. There Constantine and his son were offered an honorable capitulation— but were beheaded in September on their way to pay homage to Honorius at Ravenna. Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (from Latin Gallia, c. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... Constantine III is the name given to two Roman emperors and one king of Scotland: Constantine III (usurper), Governor of Britain and self-proclaimed western Roman emperor 407-411 Constantine III of Byzantium, Byzantine emperor in 641 Constantine III of Scotland, king of Scotland 995-997 This is a disambiguation... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Map of western Mediterranean, showing location of Arles Arles (Arle in Provençal) is a city in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, of which it is a sous-préfecture, in the former province of Provence. ...


In the spring of 412 Constantius pressed Ataulf. Taking the advice of Priscus Attalus—the former emperor whom Alaric had set up at Rome in opposition to Honorius at Ravenna, and who had remained with the Visigoths after he'd been deposed—Ataulf led his followers out of Italy. Moving north into a momentarily pacified Gaul, the Visigoths lived off the countryside in the usual way. Ataulf may have received some additional encouragement in the form of payments in gold from the Emperor Honorius—since Ataulf carried with him as a respected hostage the emperor's half-sister Galla Placidia, who had long been his captive. Events The Visigoths move into Gaul, led by Alarics brother Ataulf. ... Priscus Attalus was an important senator in Rome (serving as Urban Prefect in 409). ... Ravenna is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, population 134,631 (2001). ... Galla Placidia on a coin struck by her son Valentinian III. On the reverse, a cross (typical of all the coinage referring to Galla Placidia) stands for her Christian faith. ...


Once in Gaul, Ataulf opened negotiations with a new usurper, the Gallic Jovinus. But when the latter ended up instead preferring Sarus, Ataulf's blood enemy among the Gothic nobles, Ataulf broke negotiations off and attacked and killed Sarus. Jovinus then named his brother Sebastianus (Sebastian) as Augustus (co-emperor). This further offended Ataulf, who hadn't been consulted. So he allied his Visigoths with Honorius. Jovinus' troops were defeated in battle, Sebastianus was captured, and Jovinus fled for his life. Ataulf then turned Sebastianus over for execution to Honorius' Gallic praetorian prefect (provincial governor), Postumus Dardanus. After this, Ataulf besieged and captured Jovinus at Valentia (Valence) in 413, sending him to Narbo (Narbonne), where he was executed by Dardanus. Jovinus Jovinus was a Gallo-senator and claimed to be Roman Emperor (411 - 413). ... In legend and history, the following people are named Sarus: Sarus (Sörli), a son of the Norse mythological king, Jonakr. ... Sebastianus, a brother of Jovinus, was an aristocrat of southern Gaul. ... Location within France Valence is a commune in south-eastern France, the capital of the département of Drôme, situated on the left bank of the Rhône, 65 miles south of Lyon on the railway to Marseille. ... Events May 8 - Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the provinces of Italy that have been plundered by the Visigoths. ... Cathedral in Narbonne. ...


After the heads of Sebastianus and Jovinus arrived at Honorius' court in Ravenna in late August, to be forwarded for display among other usurpers on the walls of Carthage, relations between Ataulf and Honorius improved sufficiently for Ataulf to cement them by marrying Galla Placidia at Narbo in early 414. The nuptials were celebrated with high Roman festivities and magnificent gifts from the Gothic booty. Priscus Attalus gave the wedding speech, a classical epithalamium. Events Ataulf, king of the Visigoths, marries Galla Placidia, the sister of Roman Emperor Honorius. ... Epithalamium (from Greek; epi- upon, and thalamium nuptial chamber) specifically refers to a form of poem that is written for the bride. ...


Under Ataulf's rule, the Visigoths couldn't be said to be masters of a settled kingdom until Ataulf took possession of Narbonne and Toulouse in 413. Still, the Visigoths sustained an uneasy client relationship with the western empire. Although Ataulf remained an Arian Christian, his relationship with Roman culture was summed up, from a Catholic Roman perspective, by the words that the contemporary Christian apologist Orosius put into his mouth: Cathedral in Narbonne. ... The Capitole, the 18th century city hall of Toulouse and best known landmark in the city; in the foreground is the Place du Capitole, a hub of urban life at the very center of the city Toulouse (pronounced in standard French, in local Toulouse accent) (Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced ) is a... Arianism was a Christological view held by followers of Arius in the early Christian Church, claiming that Jesus Christ and God the Father were not always contemporary, seeing the Son as a divine being, created by the Father (and consequently inferior to Him) at some point in time, before which... Paulus Orosius (c. ...

"At first I wanted to erase the Roman name and convert all Roman territory into a Gothic empire: I longed for Romania to become Gothia, and Athaulf to be what Caesar Augustus had been. But long experience has taught me that the ungoverned wildness of the Goths will never submit to laws, and that without law a state is not a state. Therefore I have more prudently chosen the different glory of reviving the Roman name with Gothic vigour, and I hope to be acknowledged by posterity as the initiator of a Roman restoration, since it is impossible for me to alter the character of this Empire." (From Adversum Paganos, translated in Stephen Williams, Diocletian and the Roman Recovery, Routledge, 1985, 2000, p.218)

Honorius's general Constantius (who would later become Emperor Constantius III), poisoned official relations with Ataulf and gained permission to blockade the Mediterranean ports of Gaul. In reply, Ataulf acclaimed Priscus Attalus as Augustus in Bordeaux in 414. But Constantius' naval blockade was successful and, in 415, Ataulf withdrew with his people into northern Hispania. Attalus fled, fell into the hands of Constantius, and came to a bad end. Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (from Latin Gallia, c. ... For the wine, see Bordeaux Wine City motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem. ... Hispania was the name given by the Romans to the whole of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Portugal, Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar) and to two provinces created there in the period of the Roman Republic: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. ...


Galla Placidia traveled with Ataulf. The infant son, Theodosius, she bore him died in infancy and was buried in Hispania in a silver-plated coffin [1], thus eliminating an opportunity for a Romano-Visigothic line.


In Hispania, Ataulf imprudently accepted into his service one of the late Sarus' followers, unaware that the man harbored a secret desire to avenge the death of his beloved patron. And so, in the palace at Barcelona, the man brought Ataulf's reign to a sudden end by killing him while he bathed. Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia, an autonomous community in northeastern Spain, and Spains second-largest city (after Madrid). ...


Sigeric, the brother of Sarus, immediately became king—for a mere seven days, when he was also murdered and succeeded by Wallia. Under the latter's reign, Galla Placidia was returned to Ravenna where, in 417, at the urging of Honorius, she remarried, her new husband being the implacable enemy of the Goths, Constantius. Sigeric was king of the Visigoths for a mere seven days in 415 CE. His predecessor, Ataulf, had been mortally wounded in his bath at the palace of Barcelona by an assassin, a loyal servant of Sarus (a Gothic noble and personal enemy who Ataulf had earlier slain). ... Wallia was the king of the Visigoths from 415 to 419. ... Events January 1 - Constantius III marries Galla Placidia, sister of Honorius. ...


The main sources for the career of Ataulf are Paulus Orosius, the chronicles of the Galician bishop Hydatius, and those of Augustine's disciple, Prosper of Aquitaine. Paulus Orosius (c. ... Written by Michael Kulikowski, Modifed by Wikipedia contributors, published by Wikimedia Hydatius (c. ... Augustine may refer to: Saints: Augustine of Hippo, (354-430) theologian, author of The City of God, Confessions Augustine of Canterbury, (d. ... Prosper of Aquitaine, or Prosper Tiro (c. ...


External links

  • De Imperatoribus Romanis: Hugh Elton, "Western Roman Emperors of the First Quarter of the Fifth Century"
  • Septimane Wisigothique: "D'où venaient les Wisigoths?" (in French)
  • Edward Gibbon, History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, chapter 31



Preceded by:
Alaric I
King of the Visigoths
410–415
Succeeded by:
Wallia


An 1894 photogravure of Alaric I taken from a painting by Ludwig Thiersch. ... The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... Wallia was the king of the Visigoths from 415 to 419. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Ataulf (868 words)
Ataulf (sometimes spelled Athavulf or Athaulf, "father-wolf", Latinized as Ataulphus or Adolphus, in Spanish Ataúlfo) was king of the Visigoths from 410 to 415 CE.
Ataulf may have received some additional encouragement in the form of payments in gold from the Emperor Honorius—since Ataulf carried with him as a respected hostage the emperor's half-sister Galla Placidia, who had long been his captive.
Under Ataulf's rule, the Visigoths couldn't be said to be masters of a settled kingdom until Ataulf took possession of Narbonne and Toulouse in 413.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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