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Encyclopedia > Atari Jaguar
Atari Jaguar
Manufacturer Atari
Type Video game console
Generation Fifth generation (32-bit/64-bit era)
First available Flag of the United States November 18, 1993
Units sold 2 Million
Top-selling game Alien Vs. Predator
Predecessor Atari 7800
Successor Atari Jaguar II

The Atari Jaguar is a video game console that was released in November 1993 to rival the Mega Drive/Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. It was touted as the "first 64-bit system". The system proved to be a commercial failure and prompted Atari to leave the hardware business. Despite its commercial failure, the Jaguar has a large fanbase that produces homebrew games, making this console a cult classic. [citation needed] Image File history File links Jaguar_Logo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... This article is about a corporate game company. ... “Game console” redirects here. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... This is a list of video game console and handheld game console sales. ... This is a list of video games that have sold over one million copies. ... Alien vs. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... The Atari Jaguar II was to be the successor to the Atari Jaguar. ... “Game console” redirects here. ... Notable events of 1993 in computer and video games. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... As a hit-driven business, the great majority of the video games industrys software releases have been commercial failures. ... This article is about a corporate game company. ...

Contents

History

The Jaguar was the last game system to be marketed by Atari Corporation. Flare Technology, a company formed by Martin Brennan and John Mathieson, said that not only could they make a console far superior to the Sega Mega Drive or the SNES, but they could also be cost-effective. Impressed by their work on the Konix Multisystem, Atari persuaded them to close Flare and, with Atari providing the funding, form a new company called Flare II. For the concept Atari (当たり) in the board game of Go, see Atari (go term). ... Flare Technology was a trio of ex-Sinclair employees based in Cambridge in the UK. Founded in 1986 by Martin Brennan, Ben Cheese and John Mathieson they initially did work for Amstrad whilst developing the 8-bit technology demonstrator the Flare 1, based on the ZX Spectrum under the codename... Martin Brennan is an electronics engineer who developed pioneering personal computers such as the Loki (for Sinclair Research) and the Atari Jaguar Video game console. ... John Mathieson is a Computer Science graduate who initially worked for Sinclair Research before going on to found Flare with fellow ex-Sinclair colleagues Martin Brennan and Ben Cheese. ... The Konix Multisystem was a great endeavor by Konix after the success of the Konix joystick. ...


Flare II initially set to work designing two consoles for Atari. One was a 32-bit architecture (codenamed "Panther"), and the other was a 64-bit system (codenamed "Jaguar"); however, work on the Jaguar design progressed faster than expected, and Atari cancelled the Panther project to focus on the more promising 64-bit technology. Atari Panther Developer Kit. ...


The Jaguar was released in November 1993 for a sale price of $249.99, under a $500 million manufacturing deal with IBM. The system was initially marketed only in the New York City and the San Francisco Bay areas. A nationwide release followed in early 1994. International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) (NYSE: IBM) (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


The system was marketed under the slogan "Do the Math", claiming superiority over competing 16-bit systems. Initially, the system sold well, substantially outselling the highly hyped and publicized 3DO, which was also released during the holiday season of 1993; however, the Jaguar could not shake the perception of having poor games after several dismal launch titles. It finally had its first hit game with Tempest 2000, and other successful games like Doom and Wolfenstein 3D followed. The most successful title was Alien vs. Predator which, along with Tempest 2000, is often considered one of the system's defining titles. 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... Tempest 2000 was a 1994 remake for the Atari Jaguar of the classic 1980 arcade game Tempest by Dave Theurer. ... Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is a landmark title in the first-person shooter genre. ... Wolfenstein 3D (commonly abbreviated to Wolf 3D) is the computer game that started the first person shooter genre on the PC. It was created by id Software and published by Apogee Software on May 5, 1992. ... Alien vs. ... Tempest 2000 was a 1994 remake for the Atari Jaguar of the classic 1980 arcade game Tempest by Dave Theurer. ...


Through its lifetime, the Jaguar had an overall low number of titles due to being difficult to develop for. This was due to serious bugs in the released hardware (such as a memory controller flaw that could halt processor execution out of system RAM). Customers complained the Jaguar controller was needlessly complex, with over 15 buttons.


By the end of 1995, after the entrance of the Sony PlayStation and the Sega Saturn, the Jaguar's fate was all but sealed. In an interview,[1] Sam Tramiel, CEO of Atari, touted that the Jaguar was much more powerful than the Saturn and slightly weaker than the PlayStation. He also predicted the price of the PlayStation to be $500 and said that any price from $250 to $300 would be price dumping and that Atari would sue to block sales (they never did). His comments were selected as #3 in GameSpy's Top 25 Dumbest Moments in Gaming[1]. 1995 1995 in games 1994 in video gaming 1996 in video gaming Notable events of 1995 in video gaming. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... In economics, dumping can refer to any kind of predatory pricing, and is by most definitions a form of price discrimination. ... GameSpy, also known as GameSpy Industries, is a division of IGN Entertainment, which operates a network of game Web sites and provides online video game-related services and software. ...


In a last ditch effort to rescue the Jaguar, Atari tried to play down these two consoles by proclaiming the Jaguar was the only "64-bit" system. Technically-minded gamers debated the merits of Atari's claim: some felt the Jaguar's principal "64-bit coprocessors" were essentially nothing more than graphics accelerators (with limited programmability), requiring external control from the Jaguar's primary processors; the primary GPU executed a 32-bit instruction-set, while the remaining CPU (68000) was already established to be a 32-bit unit. Others countered that the mere presence of 64-bit ALUs for graphics, was sufficient to validate Atari's claim. Design specs for the console allude to the GPU or DSP being capable of acting as a CPU, leaving the Motorola 68000 to read controller inputs. In practice, though, most developers used the Motorola 68000 to drive gameplay logic and AI [2] “GPU” redirects here. ... “CPU” redirects here. ... The Motorola 68000 is a 32-bit CISC microprocessor core designed and marketed by Freescale Semiconductor (formerly Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector). ...


Finally, in mid-1996, Atari ran early-morning infomercial advertisements with enthusiastic salesmen touting the powerful game system. The infomercials ran most of the year but did not significantly sell the remaining stock of Jaguar systems. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Over the short life of the console, several add-on peripherals were announced. Yet only the Atari Jaguar CD drive and the JagLink (a simple two-console networking device) reached retail shelves. The voice modem and VR headset (with infrared head-tracking), existed in prototype form, but were never commercialized. (See Loki and Konix Multisystem for early development.) The Atari Jaguar CD or Jag CD was a CD-ROM peripheral for the Atari Jaguar game console. ... This article is about the simulation technology. ... Loki was the codename for a Super Spectrum computer developed by Sinclair Research. ... The Konix Multisystem was a great endeavor by Konix after the success of the Konix joystick. ...


Production of the Jaguar stopped after Atari merged with JT Storage in a reverse takeover.[3] JT Storage (also known as JTS) was a maker of inexpensive IDE hard drives for personal computers based in San Jose, California. ... A reverse takeover occurs when a smaller company acquires ownership of a larger company. ...


After the Atari Corporation properties were bought out by Hasbro Interactive in the late 1990s, Hasbro released the encryption coding to the Jaguar, finally opening the doors for homebrew development. Several game companies, including Telegames, ScatoLOGIC, and Songbird Productions, have not only released previously unfinished materials from the Jaguar's past, but also several brand new titles to satisfy the system's cult following. Hasbro Interactive was a video game production and publishing subsidiary of Hasbro, the game and toy giant. ... “Encrypt” redirects here. ... Homebrew is a term frequently applied only to video games that are produced by consumers on proprietary game platforms; in other words, game platforms that are not typically user-programmable, or use proprietary hardware for storage. ...


Some time later, Imagin Systems, a manufacturer of dental imaging equipment, purchased the molding plates for one of the Jaguar's casings as, with minor modification, it was the right size for housing a camera.[4] This article is about the dental profession. ... One half of a bronze mould for casting a socketed spear head dated to the period 1400-1000 BC. There are no known parallels for this mould. ...


Arcade games

Atari Games licensed the Atari Jaguar's chipset for use in its arcade games. The system, named COJAG (for "Coin-Op Jaguar"), replaced the 68000 with a 68020 or MIPS R3000-based CPU (depending on the board version), and added a hard drive and more RAM. It ran the lightgun games Area 51 and Maximum Force. Other games (3 On 3 Basketball, Fishin' Frenzy, Freeze the Cat and Vicious Circle) were developed but never released. Atari Games was an American producer of arcade games, and originally part of Atari Inc. ... The Motorola 68000 is a CISC microprocessor, the first member of a successful family of microprocessors from Motorola, which were all mostly software compatible. ... The Motorola 68020 is a microprocessor from Motorola. ... A MIPS R4400 microprocessor made by Toshiba. ... Area 51 is a light gun arcade game issued by Atari Games in 1995. ... Maximum Force is an on-rails light gun first-person arcade game developed by Mesa Logic for Atari Games in 1997. ...


Technical specifications

Controllers
Controllers

CPUs: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 463 pixelsFull resolution (998 × 578 pixel, file size: 169 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 463 pixelsFull resolution (998 × 578 pixel, file size: 169 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... “CPU” redirects here. ...

  • "Tom" (contains 3 video-related processors), 26.59 MHz
    • Graphics processing unit (GPU) – 32-bit RISC architecture, 4 KB internal cache, provides wide array of graphic effects
    • 64-bit object processor – programmable; can behave as a variety of graphic architectures
    • 64-bit blitter processor – high speed logic operations, z-buffering and Gouraud shading
    • 64-bit DRAM controller (not a processor)
  • "Jerry" , 26.59 MHz
    • Digital Signal Processor – 32-bit RISC architecture, 8 KB internal cache
      • Same RISC core as the GPU, and not limited to sound production
    • CD-quality sound (16-bit stereo)
      • Number of sound channels limited by software
      • Two DACs (stereo) convert digital data to analog sound signals
      • Full stereo capabilities
    • Wavetable synthesis, FM synthesis, FM Sample synthesis, and AM synthesis
    • A clock control block, incorporating timers, and a UART
    • Joystick control

Other Jaguar features: “CPU” redirects here. ... MegaHertz (MHz) is the name given to one million (106) Hertz, a measure of frequency. ... “GPU” redirects here. ... This article is about the unit of information. ... Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), is a microprocessor CPU design philosophy that favors a smaller and simpler set of instructions that all take about the same amount of time to execute. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1,000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to either 1,000 bytes or 1,024 bytes (210), depending on context. ... In strictly mathematical branches of computer science the term object is used in a purely mathematical sense to refer to any thing. While this interpretation is useful in the discussion of abstract theory, it is not concrete enough to serve as a primitive datatype in the discussion of more concrete... A Blitter (acronym for BLock Image TransferrER) is a chip that specialises in bitmap data-transfer using bit blit methods. ... Z-buffer data In computer graphics, z-buffering is the management of image depth coordinates in three-dimensional (3-D) graphics, usually done in hardware, sometimes in software. ... Gouraud shaded sphere - note the inaccuracies towards the edges of the polygons. ... Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access memory that stores each bit of data in a separate capacitor within an integrated circuit. ... MegaHertz (MHz) is the name given to one million (106) Hertz, a measure of frequency. ... This article is about the unit of information. ... Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), is a microprocessor CPU design philosophy that favors a smaller and simpler set of instructions that all take about the same amount of time to execute. ... Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), is a microprocessor CPU design philosophy that favors a smaller and simpler set of instructions that all take about the same amount of time to execute. ... GPU may stand for: Graphics processing unit, a special stream processor used in computer graphics hardware Gosudarstvennoye Politicheskoye Upravlenie (Главное Политическое Управление, or Main Political Directorate) of the Red Army, responsible for troops morale and propaganda. ... Label for 2. ... Motorola Inc. ... The Motorola 68000 is a 32-bit CISC microprocessor core designed and marketed by Freescale Semiconductor (formerly Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector). ... MegaHertz (MHz) is the name given to one million (106) Hertz, a measure of frequency. ...

  • RAM: 2 MB on a 64-bit bus using 4 16-bit fast page mode DRAMS
  • Storage: Cartridge – up to 6 MB
  • Support for ComLynx I/O

“RAM” redirects here. ... MB, Mb, mB or mb may mean: Mb (digraph) Megabit (1,000,000 bits) or mebibit (220 = 1,048,576 bits); the preferred symbols are Mb and Mibit, respectively¹ Megabyte (1,000,000 bytes) or mebibyte (220 = 1,048,576 bytes); the preferred symbols are MB and MiB, respectively¹ MB... Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... Energy Input: The energy placed into a reaction. ...

References

  1. ^ a b http://archive.gamespy.com/articles/june03/dumbestmoments/index22.shtml
  2. ^ Atari Jaguar System FAQ. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
  3. ^ Atari and JT Storage Reorganisation Plan. One Cle. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  4. ^ Atari Jaguar Revived As Dental Camera. 1up. Retrieved on 2006-11-29..

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

v  d  e
Selected home game consoles
First generation
Magnavox OdysseyPongColeco Telstar
Second generation
Fairchild Channel FAtari 2600Interton VC 4000Odyssey²IntellivisionArcadia 2001Atari 5200ColecoVisionVectrex • SG-1000
Third generation
NESMaster SystemAtari 7800
Fourth Generation
TurboGrafx-16Sega Mega Drive/GenesisNeo GeoSuper Nintendo
Fifth generation
3DOAmiga CD32JaguarSaturnPlayStationNintendo 64Virtual Boy
Sixth generation
DreamcastPlayStation 2GameCubeXbox
Seventh generation
PlayStation 3WiiXbox 360

This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1977. ... The Magnavox Odyssey was the worlds first commercially sold video game console. ... For other uses, see Pong (disambiguation). ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The Fairchild Channel F is the worlds second cartridge-based video game console, after the Magnavox Odyssey. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The VC 4000 is an early 8-bit cartridge-based game console released in Germany in 1978 by Interton. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, in the United States as the Magnavox Odyssey² and the Philips Odyssey², and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... Emerson Arcadia 2001, intended as a portable game console, the Arcadia 2001 was released by Emerson Radio Corp in mid-1982. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... The SG-1000, which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) is a line of video game consoles which were released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Arcade Racer Joystick be merged into this article or section. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The Nintendo 64 ), often abbreviated as N64, was Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... Nintendos Virtual Boy ) was the first portable game console capable of displaying true 3D graphics. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark and Guppy during development) is Segas final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... “PS2” redirects here. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... In the history of computer and video games, the seventh generation began on November 21, 2004 with the United States release of the Nintendo DS. The beginning of the seventh generation for home consoles came on November 22, 2005 with the release of Microsofts Xbox 360, and continued a... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... This is a comparison of the features of various fifth-generation videogame consoles. ... This is a list of games for the Atari Jaguar video game system, as well as Atari Jaguar CD games, organised alphabetically by name. ... Atari Panther Developer Kit. ... The Atari Jaguar II was to be the successor to the Atari Jaguar. ... The Atari Jaguar CD or Jag CD was a CD-ROM peripheral for the Atari Jaguar game console. ... Project Tempest is an Atari Jaguar emulator for Windows made to emulate Tempest 2000 perfectly. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Atari Jaguar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (813 words)
The Jaguar and the Lynx were the last two Atari systems to be developed, but because the company did not want any direct involvement in hardware production, they were produced by outside contractors.
Atari immediately agreed and the system was released in November 1993 for a sale price of $249.99, under a $500 million manufacturing deal with IBM.
After Atari was bought out by Hasbro Interactive in the late 1990s, Hasbro released the encryption coding to the Jaguar, finally opening the doors for enthusiasts and hobby programmers to make their own Jaguar games and software, similar to what has happened with another defunct game system, the Sega Dreamcast.
Atari Jaguar CD - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (326 words)
The drive was manufactured for Atari by Phillips in the United States.
Comments from Atari a few weeks after the unit was launched stated that the entire inventory had been sold, and that another batch would be ordered.
However, with the JT Storage reverse takeover looming just a few months away, it is possible that those 20,000 drives were the only units ever produced.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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