FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Atari 5200
Image:Atari logo.png
Atari 5200
Atari 5200 system and controller
Manufacturer Atari
Type Video game console
Generation Second generation
First available {{{lifespan}}}
CPU 6502C @ 1.79 MHz
Media Cartridge
Controller input Joystick
TrakBall
Predecessor Atari 2600
Successor Atari 7800

The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. The 5200 was created to compete with the Mattel Intellivision, but wound up more directly competing with the Colecovision shortly after its release. In some ways, it was both technologically superior and more cost-efficient than any console available at that time. However, a number of design flaws had a serious impact on usability, and the system is generally considered a failure. Logo of Atari Inc. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 621 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Atari 5200 History of video game consoles (second generation) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Four different video game consoles from different generations. ... Home video-game systems became popular during the 1970s and 80s. ... This article deals with the history of the second generation video game consoles. ... Die of an Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor (actual size: 12×6. ... The MOS Technology 6502 is an 8-bit microprocessor that was designed by Chuck Peddle for MOS Technology in 1975. ... MegaHertz (MHz) is the name given to one million (106) Hertz, a measure of frequency. ... In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... Four different video game consoles from different generations. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ... The Intellivision was a video game console released by Mattel in 1980; development of the console began in 1978 (less than a year after the introduction of its main competitor, the legendary Atari 2600 aka the Atari VCS). ... The ColecoVision was Coleco Industries second generation home video game console, released in August, 1982. ...

Contents

Hardware

The Atari 5200 was in essence an Atari 400 computer without a keyboard. This made for a powerful, proven design which Atari could quickly bring to market. Atari built a series of 8-bit home computers based on the MOS Technology 6502 CPU, starting in 1979. ... A computer keyboard is a peripheral partially modeled after the typewriter keyboard. ...


The initial 1982 release of the system featured four controller ports, where all other systems of the day had only two ports. The 5200 also featured a revolutionary new controller with an analog joystick, numeric keypad, two fire buttons on both sides of the controller and game function keys for Start, Pause, and Reset. The 5200 also featured the innovation of the first automatic TV switchbox, allowing it to automatically switch from regular TV viewing to the game system signal when the system was activated (previous RF adapters required the user to slide a switch on the adapter by hand). Unfortunately, this unique RF box was also where the power supply connected in a unique dual power/television signal setup similar to the RCA Studio II's. A single cable coming out of the 5200 plugged into the switch box was used for both electricity and the television signal. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joystick elements: 1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Radio waves. ... The RCA Studio II is a videogame console made by RCA that debuted in 1977. ...


The 1983 release of the Atari 5200 saw two controller ports instead of four, and a change back to the more conventional separate power supply and standard (non autoswitching) RF switch. It also saw changes in the cartridge port address lines to allow for the Atari 2600 adapter released that year. While the adapter was only made to work on the two-port version, modifications can be made to the four-port to make it line-compatible. Furthermore, towards the end of the four-port production run, there were also an extremely limited number of 2600 adapter-compatible consoles produced. These much harder to find four-port versions can be identified by an asterisk in the unit's serial number. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ...


Controllers

The unusual design of the analog joystick, which used a weak rubber boot rather than springs to provide centering, proved to be ungainly and unreliable. They ultimately alienated many consumers and quickly became the Achilles' heel of the system due to their combination of an overly complex mechanical design with a very low-cost internal flex circuit system. The controllers did, however, include a pause button, a novelty at the time that would become standard on almost all future game systems. An Achilles’ heel is a fatal weakness in spite of overall strength, actually or potentially leading to downfall. ...


Failure

The Atari 5200 suffered from its software incompatibility with the Atari 2600, though an adapter was later released in 1983 allowing it to play all Atari 2600 games, using the more reliable controllers native to that system. The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ...


Another problem was the lack of attention that Atari gave to the console; most of its resources went to the already oversaturated Atari 2600. While the 5200 did garner a strong cult following with its library of high-quality games, it faced an uphill battle competing with the Colecovision's head start and a stuttering economy. But the question of which system was superior became moot. The CEOs of both companies became motivational speakers when the game market crashed in 1983, killing off both systems in their prime. E.T. for the Atari 2600. ...


Trivia

  • In its prototype stage, the Atari 5200 was originally called the "Atari Video System X (Advanced Video Computer System)", and was codenamed "Pam" after a female employee at Atari, as were many of their game consoles, e.g. "Stella" (Atari 2600) and "Colleen" (Atari 800). It is also rumored that PAM actually stood for "Personal Arcade Machine", as the majority of games for the system ended up being arcade conversions. Actual working Atari Video System X machines (whose hardware is 100% identical to the Atari 5200, albeit for the different name on the controllers and on the console) do exist, but they are extremely rare.
  • At one point during the 5200's lifespan, Atari planned on developing a smaller cost-reduced version of the Atari 5200, which would have gotten rid of the controller storage bin. Code-named the "Atari 5100" (a.k.a. "Atari 5200 Jr."), only a few fully-working prototype Atari 5100s were made before the project was cancelled.[1]
  • The Atari 5200 was not sold or marketed in Canada except supposedly by mail order in Ontario, which may have strictly been from an American importer.

Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1,076...

Screenshot gallery

Technical specifications

  • CPU: Custom 6502C @ 1.79 MHz (not a 65c02).
  • Support Hardware: 2 custom VLSI chips
  • Maximum Screen Resolution: 320×192 resolution, 16 (out of 256) on-screen colors per scan line. Palette can be changed at every scan line using ANTIC display list interrupts, allowing all 256 colors to be displayed at once.
  • Graphics: ANTIC and GTIA
  • Sound: 4-channel sound via the POKEY chip which also handles keyboard scanning, serial I/O, high resolution interrupt capable timers (single cycle accurate), and random number generation
  • RAM: 16 KiB
  • ROM: 32 KiB ROM window for standard game cartridges, expandable using bank switching techniques. 2 KiB on-board BIOS for system startup and interrupt routing

The MOS Technology 6502 is an 8-bit microprocessor that was designed by Chuck Peddle for MOS Technology in 1975. ... Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) of systems of transistor-based circuits into integrated circuits on a single chip first occurred in the 1980s as part of the semiconductor and communication technologies that were being developed. ... Georges Television Interface Adapter is the successor to the CTIA chip used in the Atari 8-bit Computers. ... There are several meanings for Pokey. ... According to the International Electrotechnical Commission a kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage. ... Bank switching (also known as paging, but only loosely related to the ordinary meaning of paging in computing) was a technique common in 8-bit microcomputer systems, to increase the amount of addressable RAM and ROM without extending the address bus. ...

See also

v  d  e
Selected home game consoles
First generation
Magnavox OdysseyPONGColeco Telstar
Early second generation
Atari 2600Interton VC 4000Odyssey²Intellivision
Later second generation
Atari 5200ColecoVisionEmerson Arcadia 2001Vectrex
Third generation
NESMaster SystemAtari 7800
Fourth generation
TurboGrafx-16Mega DriveNeo GeoSNES
Fifth generation
3DOAmiga CD32JaguarSaturnPlayStationNintendo 64
Sixth generation
DreamcastPlayStation 2GameCubeXbox
Seventh generation
Xbox 360PlayStation 3Wii

This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1979. ... The Magnavox Odyssey was the worlds first commercially sold video game console. ... PONG helped bring computerized video games into everyday life “Pong” redirects here. ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ... The VC 4000 is an early 8-bit cartridge-based game console released in Germany in 1978 by Interton. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, in the United States as the Magnavox Odyssey² and the Philips Odyssey², and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The ColecoVision was Coleco Industries second generation home video game console, released in August, 1982. ... Arcadia 2001 The Arcadia 2001 was a second-generation 8-bit console released by Emerson Radio Corp. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... NES redirects here. ... The Sega Master System (SMS for short) is an 8-bit cartridge-based gaming console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a 16-bit video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES (pronounced either as a word or acronym), is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... 3DO Interactive Multiplayer (most commonly referred to as the 3DO) was a line of video game consoles released in 1993 and 1994 by Panasonic, Sanyo and Goldstar, among other companies. ... The Amiga CD32 was a 32-bit CD-ROM based game console. ... The Atari Jaguar was a video game console introduced to the U.S. market in November 1993 against the Sega Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... The Sega Saturn ) is a 32-bit video game console, first released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America and July 8, 1995 in Europe. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... Nintendo 64 ) is Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... Dreamcast , code-named Dural, Dricas, Vortex, and Katana during development) is Segas fifth and final video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... The seventh generation is the era in the history of computer and video games that began on November 22, 2005 with the release of Microsofts Xbox 360, and continued a year later with the release of Nintendos Wii on November 19, 2006 in North America and South America. ... The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[7] commonly abbreviated PS3) is Sony Computer Entertainments third video game console. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... This is a list of all officially released games for the Atari 5200, organized alphabetically by name. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, was the first successful video game console to use plug-in cartridges instead of having one or more games built in. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Atari 5200 - definition of Atari 5200 in Encyclopedia (243 words)
The system featured many innovations like an automatic switchbox and 4 controller ports, but the most revolutionary was the a controller with an analog joystick and system function keys (start, pause, reset).
The Atari 5200 also suffered from its initial cartridge incompatibility with the Atari 2600 (an adapter was later released).
But the question of which system was superior became moot when the game market crashed in 1983-84, killing off both systems in their prime.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m