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Encyclopedia > Atari
Atari
Type
Founded 1972 as Atari Inc.
1984 as Atari Corporation and Atari Games
1998 as Atari Interactive (division of Hasbro Interactive)
2003 as Atari Interactive (formerly Infogrames Interactive/Hasbro Interactive)
2003 as Atari Inc. (formerly Infogrames Inc./GT Interactive)
Headquarters , U.S.
Industry Consumer electronics, video game
Products video games, consumer electronics

Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972. As of 2007, it is owned by Atari Interactive, a wholly owned subsidiary of the French publisher Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA).[1]Atari Interactive has in turn licensed the brand name and assets to Atari, Inc. (NASDAQATAR), a 51% majority owned subsidiary of Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA), encompassing its North American operations.[2] Atari - video game company Atari (当たり) - a Japanese word which means a hit, also a term used in the game Go. ... See also: 1971 in video gaming, other events of 1972, 1973 in video gaming, history of video games Events May 24: Magnavox unveils the Odyssey at a Burlingame, California convention. ... 1984 1984 in games 1983 in video gaming 1985 in video gaming Notable events of 1984 in video gaming. ... For the concept Atari (当たり) in the board game of Go, see Atari (go term). ... Atari Games was an American producer of arcade games, and originally part of Atari Inc. ... 1998 1998 in games 1997 in video gaming 1999 in video gaming Notable events of 1998 in video gaming. ... Hasbro Interactive was a video game production and publishing subsidiary of Hasbro, the game and toy giant. ... 2003 2003 in games 2002 in video gaming 2004 in video gaming Notable events of 2003 in video gaming. ... 2003 2003 in games 2002 in video gaming 2004 in video gaming Notable events of 2003 in video gaming. ... GT Interactive was an American video game developer founded in 1993 and headquartered in New York City. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Consumer electronics is a term used to describe the category of electronic equipment intended for everyday use by people, the consumers. ... Pac-Man is one of the most recognizable video games ever created. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... Consumer electronics is a term used to describe the category of electronic equipment intended for everyday use by people, the consumers. ... See also: 1971 in video gaming, other events of 1972, 1973 in video gaming, history of video games Events May 24: Magnavox unveils the Odyssey at a Burlingame, California convention. ... Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) is an international holding company headquartered in Lyon, France. ... NASDAQ in Times Square, New York City. ... Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) is an international holding company headquartered in Premier Marche, France. ... North American redirects here. ...


The original Atari Inc. was founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney. It was a pioneer in arcade games, home video game consoles, and home computers. The company's products, such as Pong and the Atari 2600, helped define the computer entertainment industry from the 1970s to the mid 1980s. Nolan K. Bushnell (born February 5, 1943) is an American electrical engineer and entrepreneur who founded both Atari and the Chuck E. Cheeses Pizza-Time Theaters chain. ... Ted Dabney and Nolan Bushnell created the first arcade game, Computer Space, in 1971 and founded Atari Computers in 1972. ... Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... Game console redirects here. ... Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Pong (disambiguation). ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... This article is about the machine. ...


In 1984, the original Atari Inc. was split, and the arcade division was turned into Atari Games Inc..[3]Atari Games received the rights to use the logo and brand name with appended text "Games" on arcade games, as well as rights to the original 1972 - 1984 arcade hardware properties. The Atari Consumer properties were in turn sold to Jack Tramiel's Tramel Technology Ltd., which then renamed itself to Atari Corporation.[4][5] In 1996, Atari Corporation reverse merged with disk drive manufacturer JT Storage (JTS),[6] becoming a division within the company. Atari Games was an American producer of arcade games, and originally part of Atari Inc. ... Jack Tramiel (born December 13, 1928[1]) is a businessman, famous for founding Commodore International, manufacturer of the Commodore PET, Commodore 64, and Commodore Amiga home computers, and later President and CEO of Atari Corp. ... JT Storage (also known as JTS) was a maker of inexpensive IDE hard drives for personal computers based in San Jose, California. ...


Atari Interactive started as a subsidiary of Hasbro Interactive[7], after Hasbro Interactive acquired all Atari Corporation related properties from JTS in 1998.[8]IESA in turn acquired Hasbro Interactive in 2001, and proceeded to rename it to Infogrames Interactive. [9] In 2003, IESA then changed the company name entirely to Atari Interactive.[1] Hasbro Interactive was a video game production and publishing subsidiary of Hasbro, the game and toy giant. ...


The company that currently bears the name Atari Inc. was founded in 1993 under the name GT Interactive. IESA acquired a 62% controlling interest in GT Interactive in 1999, and proceeded to rename it Infogrames, Inc.[10] After IESA's acquirement of Hasbro Interactive and its related Atari properties in 2001, Infogrames, Inc. intermittently published Atari branded titles for Infogrames Interactive. In 2003, Infogrames Inc. licensed the Atari name and logo from Atari Interactive and changed its name to Atari Inc.[11]Currently, Atari Inc. develops, publishes and distributes games for all major video game consoles, as well as for the personal computer, and is currently one of the largest third-party publishers of video games in the United States. GT Interactive was an American video game developer founded in 1993 and headquartered in New York City. ... Game console redirects here. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Atari Inc. (1972-1984)

In 1972, Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney formed their own engineering firm, Syzygy, and soon hired Al Alcorn as their first design engineer. He decided to have Alcorn produce an arcade version of the Odyssey's Tennis game,[12] which would go on to be named Pong. When they went to incorporate their firm that June, they soon found that Syzygy (an astronomical term) already existed in California. Bushnell wrote down several words from the game Go, eventually choosing atari, a term that in the context of the game means a state where a stone or group of stones is imminently in danger of being taken by one's opponent. In Japanese, atari is the nominalized form of ataru(vb), which literally means to "hit the target" or to "get something fortunately". The word 'Atari' is used in Japanese when your prediction came true or you won a lottery. The name "Atari" is arguably more memorable than "Syzygy" in terms of spelling and pronunciation for most markets. Atari was incorporated in the state of California on June 27th, 1972.[13] Nolan K. Bushnell (born February 5, 1943) is an American electrical engineer and entrepreneur who founded both Atari and the Chuck E. Cheeses Pizza-Time Theaters chain. ... Look up Syzygy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Al Alcorn grew up in San Francisco, went to Berkeley, and later was at the video pioneering company, Ampex. ... For other uses, see Pong (disambiguation). ... Look up Syzygy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Go is a strategic board game for two players. ... Go terms and concepts are important in the game of Go. ... This is an in-depth discussion of the rules of Go. ...

The third version of the Atari Video Computer System sold from 1980 to 1981
The third version of the Atari Video Computer System sold from 1980 to 1981

In 1973, Atari secretly spawned a "competitor" called Kee Games, headed by Nolan's next door neighbor Joe Keenan, to circumvent pinball distributors' insistence on exclusive distribution deals; both Atari and Kee could market (virtually) the same game to different distributors, with each getting an "exclusive" deal. Though Kee's relationship to Atari was discovered in 1974, Joe Keenan did such a good job managing the subsidiary that he was promoted to president of Atari that same year. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 475 pixelsFull resolution (1938 × 1151 pixels, file size: 783 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 475 pixelsFull resolution (1938 × 1151 pixels, file size: 783 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... Kee Games was an arcade game manufacturer that released games from 1973 to 1978. ... This article is about the arcade game. ...


In 1975, Bushnell started an effort to produce a flexible video game console that was capable of playing all four of Atari's then-current games. The result was the Atari 2600, one of the most successful consoles in history. Bushnell knew he had another potential hit on his hands, but bringing the machine to market would be extremely expensive. Looking for outside investors, in 1976 Bushnell sold Atari to Warner Communications for an estimated $28 - $32 million, using part of the money to buy the Folgers Mansion. He departed from the division in 1979. The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... Time Warner Inc. ...


A project to design a successor to the 2600 started as soon as the system shipped. The original development team estimated the 2600 had a lifespan of about three years, and decided to build the most powerful machine they could given that time frame. By the middle of the effort's time-frame the home computer revolution was taking off, so the new machines were adapted with the addition of a keyboard and various inputs to produce the Atari 800, and its smaller cousin, the 400. Although a variety of issues made them less attractive than the Apple II for some users, the new machines had some level of success when they finally became available in quantity in 1980. Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... The Apple II was one of the most popular personal computers of the 1980s. ...


While part of Warner, Atari Inc. achieved its greatest success, selling millions of 2600s and computers. At its peak, Atari accounted for a third of Warner's annual income and was the fastest-growing company in the history of the United States at the time. However, Atari Inc. ran into problems in the early 1980s. Its home computer, video game console, and arcade divisions operated independently of one another and rarely cooperated. Faced with fierce competition and price wars in the game console and home computer markets, Atari was never able to duplicate the success of the 2600. Children playing on a Amstrad CPC 464 in the 1980s. ... Game console redirects here. ... arcade, see Arcade. ...


These problems were followed by the infamous video game crash of 1983, which caused losses that totaled more than $500 million. Warner's stock price slid from $60 to $20, and the company began searching for a buyer for its troubled division. In 1983, Ray Kassar was forced to leave Atari, and executives involved in the Famicom deal were forced to start over again from scratch and the deal eventually languished. With Atari's further financial problems and the Famicom's runaway Japanese success after its July 16th, 1983 release date, Nintendo decided to go at it alone. ET for the Atari 2600 is considered by many to be emblematic of the crash along with the Atari 2600 version of Pac-Man. ...


Financial problems continued to grow and Ray's replacement, James J. Morgan, had less than a year to try and tackle his predecessor's problems before he too was gone. In July 1984, Warner sold the home computing and game console divisions of Atari to Jack Tramiel, the recently ousted founder of Atari competitor Commodore International, under the name Atari Corporation for $240 million in stocks under the new company. Warner retained the arcade division, continuing it under the name Atari Games and eventually selling it to Namco in 1985. Warner also sold the fledgling Ataritel to Mitsubishi. James J. Morgan in 1984 James J. Morgan (born 1942) is a former American executive who served as CEO of Atari from 1983 to 1984 and CEO of Philip Morris USA from 1994 to 1997. ... Jack Tramiel (born December 13, 1928[1]) is a businessman, famous for founding Commodore International, manufacturer of the Commodore PET, Commodore 64, and Commodore Amiga home computers, and later President and CEO of Atari Corp. ... Commodore, the commonly used name for Commodore International, was an American electronics company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania which was a vital player in the home/personal computer field in the 1980s. ... Atari Games was an American producer of arcade games, and originally part of Atari Inc. ... This article is about Namco, a Japanese leisure company and game developer. ... For information on Mitsubishi brand computer monitors, see NEC-Mitsubishi Electronics Display of America Inc. ...


Atari Corporation (1984 - 1996)

Atari ST
Atari ST

Under Tramiel's ownership, Atari Corp. used the remaining stock of game console inventory to keep the company afloat while they finished development of their 16-bit computer system, the Atari ST. In 1985, they released their update to the 8-bit computer line, the Atari XE series, as well as the 16-bit Atari ST line. Then, in 1986, Atari launched two consoles designed under the Warner Atari - Atari 2600jr and the Atari 7800 console (which saw limited release in 1984). Atari rebounded, producing a $25 million profit that year. In 1989, Atari also released the Atari Lynx, a handheld console with color graphics, to critical acclaim. However, a shortage of parts kept the system from being released nationwide for the 1989 Christmas season. As a result, the Lynx lost market share to Nintendo's Game Boy, which had only a black and white display but was widely available. Also in 1989, Atari Corp. sued Nintendo for $250 million, alleging it had an illegal monopoly. Atari lost. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2807x1908, 2216 KB) This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2807x1908, 2216 KB) This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ...


By 1996, a series of successful lawsuits followed by profitable investments had left Atari with millions of dollars in the bank, but the failure of the Lynx and Jaguar left Atari without any products to sell. In addition, Tramiel and his family wanted out. The result was a rapid succession of changes in ownership. In July 1996, Atari merged with JTS Inc.,a short-lived maker of hard disk drives, to form JTS Corp.[14] Atari's role in the new company largely became a holder for the Atari properties and minor support, consequently the name largely disappeared from the market. JT Storage (also known as JTS) was a maker of inexpensive IDE hard drives for personal computers based in San Jose, California. ...


As a division of Hasbro (1998-2001)

In March 1998, JTS sold the Atari name and assets to Hasbro Interactive for $5 million—less than a fifth of what Warner Communications had paid 22 years earlier. This transaction primarily involved the brand and intellectual property, which now fell under the Atari Interactive division of Hasbro Interactive. The brand name changed hands again in December 2000, when French software publisher Infogrames took over Hasbro Interactive. For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) is an international holding company headquartered in Lyon, France. ... Hasbro Interactive was a video game production and publishing subsidiary of Hasbro, the game and toy giant. ...


Atari Inc., a division of Infogrames (2001 to present)

In October 2001, Infogrames announced that it was "reinventing" the Atari brand with the launch of three new games. On May 7, 2003, Infogrames officially had its majority owned, but separate US subsidiary Infogrames NA renamed itself to Atari, Inc., named its European operations to Atari Europe, and kept the main holdings company as Infogrames Entertainment. The original Atari holdings division purchased from Hasbro, Atari Interactive, was also spun off as a separate corporate entity. Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) is an international holding company headquartered in Lyon, France. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) is an international holding company headquartered in Lyon, France. ... Infogrames Inc. ...


Atari in popular culture

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Atari Teenage Riot (abbreviated ATR) was a German Digital hardcore group formed in Berlin in 1992. ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... Atari Portfolio The Portfolio converted to a toy robot for the 2005 Vintage Computer Festival. ... Cash machine redirects here. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

This is a list of former computer and video game companies, most of whose rights and assets presently belong to a specific company. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Atari Inc. (March 31st, 2003). 10-KT · For 3/31/03. Atari Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  2. ^ Atari Inc. (Sep. 18th, 2007). Form 10-K for ATARI INC, Annual Report. Atari Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  3. ^ Current, Michael D. (2004-2007). A Brief Timeline of the Atari Divisions Initially Retained by Warner Communications, July 1984 to Present. Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  4. ^ Sanger, David E. (July 3rd), "Warner Sells Atari To Tramiel", New York Times: Late City Final Edition, Section D, Page 1, Column 6, <http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30B10FF395D0C708CDDAE0894DC484D81> 
  5. ^ Atari Corp. (Mar. 29th, 1994). Amendment to General Statement of Beneficial Ownership - Schedule 13D. Atari Inc.. Retrieved on 2008-02-02.
  6. ^ Bloomberg Business NEws (February 14), "Atari Agrees To Merge With Disk-Drive Maker", New York Times: 1, <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0CE5DB1239F937A25751C0A960958260> 
  7. ^ Hasbro Interactive Pursues Copyright Infringement Suit. Hasbro Interactive (Feb. 8, 2000). Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  8. ^ FORM 8-K Filing for transfer of assets to Hasbro Interactive from JTS. Securities And Exchange Commission (February 23, 1998). Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  9. ^ Civilization III:Play The World Press Release. Infogrames Inc. (May 8, 2002). Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  10. ^ Infogrames Entertainment Corporate Profile and Annual Report 7. Infogrames Entertainment SA (Fiscal Year 2005-2006). Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  11. ^ Atari Inc. (March 31st, 2003). 10-KT · For 3/31/03, Overview Subsection. Atari Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  12. ^ http://www.ralphbaer.com/video_game_history.htm
  13. ^ California Secretary of State - California Business Search - Corporation Search Results
  14. ^ Sample Contracts - Agreement and Plan of Reorganization - Atari Corp. and JT Storage Inc. - Competitive Intelligence for Investors

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

MobyGames is a website devoted to cataloging computer and video games, both past and present. ... An Atari 800XL, one of the most popular machines in the series. ... The Atari ST is a home/personal computer that was commercially popular from 1985 to the early 1990s. ... Overview The Atari Mega STE was Ataris last ST series machine. ... The Atari TT030 is a 32-bit version of the 16-bit Atari ST family. ... The Atari Falcon030 The Atari Falcon was Ataris final computer product, more specifically named the Atari Falcon030 Computer System. ... The Atari Transputer Workstation (also known as ATW-800, or simply ATW) was a workstation class computer released by Atari in the late 1980s. ... Atari Portfolio The Portfolio converted to a toy robot for the 2005 Vintage Computer Festival. ... For other uses, see Pong (disambiguation). ... Stunt Cycle is an 1 player (2 players alternating) arcade game by Atari Inc. ... Video Pinball is a dedicated console released 1977 as another Atari coin-op to standalone home console translation, by bringing the game Breakout to home players. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... The Atari Jaguar is a video game console that was released in November 1993 to rival the Mega Drive/Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... The Atari Flashback and Atari Flashback 2 are dedicated video game consoles marketed by Atari in the mid-2000s. ... Atari Panther Developer Kit. ... The Atari Jaguar II was to be the successor to the Atari Jaguar. ... The Atari Cosmos was a failed attempt by Atari to release a tabletop video game system that would utilize holography and LEDs to create a unique gaming experience. ... The Atari Video Music was introduced in 1976 and designed by the initiator of the home version of PONG, Robert Brown. ...

 
 

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