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Encyclopedia > Astrology
Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888).
Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888).

Astrology (from Greek: ἄστρον (astron), "star", and λόγος (logos), "theory", "study": lit. study of the stars) is a group of systems, traditions, and beliefs in which knowledge of the apparent relative positions of celestial bodies and related details is held to be useful in understanding, interpreting, and organizing information about personality, human affairs, and other terrestrial matters. A practitioner of astrology is called an astrologer, or, rarely, an astrologist. Numerous traditions and applications employing astrological concepts have arisen since its earliest recorded beginnings in the 3rd millennium BC.[1][2] It has played a role in the shaping of culture, early astronomy, and other disciplines throughout history. Image File history File linksMetadata Universum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Universum. ... Hand-colouring refers to any of a number of methods of manually adding colour to a black-and-white photograph or other image to heighten its realism. ... Image and text from page 163 of Latmosphère: météorologie populaire, by Camille Flammarion, 1888. ... For other uses, see System (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tradition (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Believe. ... Astronomical objects are significant physical entities, associations or structures which current science has confirmed to exist in space. ... An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... The 3rd millennium BC spans the Early to Middle Bronze Age. ...


Astrology and astronomy were often indistinguishable before the modern era, with the desire for predictive and divinatory knowledge one of the primary motivating factors for astronomical observation. Astronomy began to diverge from astrology after a period of gradual separation from the Renaissance up until the 18th century. Eventually, astronomy distinguished itself as the scientific study of astronomical objects and phenomena without regard to the astrological speculation of these phenomena. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Modern-Era of NASCAR is a dividing line in NASCARs history. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ...


Astrology is often defined as the study of the influences of the cosmos on life on earth.[3] Modern astrologers define astrology as a symbolic language,[4][5][6] an art form,[7] and a form of divination.[8][9] Despite differences of definitions, a common assumption of astrology is the use of celestial placements in order to explain past and present events and predict the future. The scientific community considers astrology a pseudoscience or superstition[10][11] as no scientific evidence has been found to support its claims. Belief in astrology remains widespread, with 31% of Americans believing in it and according to another study 39% considering it scientific.[12][13][14][15][16] An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... Symbolism is the applied use of symbols: iconic representations that carry particular conventional meanings. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... For other uses, see Divination (disambiguation). ... A prediction is a statement or claim that a particular event will occur in the future in more certain terms than a forecast. ... A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ... For other uses, see Superstition (disambiguation). ... The scientific method or process is fundamental to the scientific investigation and acquisition of new knowledge based upon physical evidence. ...

Astrology
Background
History of astrology
History of astronomy
Astrology and astronomy
Traditions
Babylonian astrology
Arab and Persian astrology
Chinese astrology
Hellenistic astrology
Indian astrology
Western astrology
More...
Branches of
horoscopic astrology
Natal astrology
Electional astrology
Horary astrology
Mundane astrology
More...
Categories
Astrologers
Astrological texts
Astrological writers
Astrology Portal
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Contents

Image File history File links Astrologyproject. ... The history of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious, mythological, and astrological practices of pre-history: vestiges of these are still found in astrology, a discipline long interwoven with public and governmental astronomy, and not completely disentangled from it until a... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Much of the survival of classical sciences like astronomy, mathematics, geography and philosophy in the Western world is due to the fact that it was preserved and used by the Arab world from about the 8th Century, when Europe was going through its Dark Ages. ... Chinese astrology is the divination of the future from the Chinese calendar, which is based on astronomy, and ancient Chinese philosophy. ... Hellenistic astrology is a tradition of horoscopic astrology that developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt sometime around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE. Endnotes Note 1: See David Pingree - From Astral Omens to Astrology from Babylon to Bikaner, Roma: Istituto Italiano per LAfrica e... It has been suggested that Indian astronomy be merged into this article or section. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ... This is a list of differentiated systems of astrology. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... Natal astrology, also known as genethliacal astrology, is the system of astrology based upon the concept that each individuals personality or path in life can be determined by constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and location of a persons birth. ... Electional astrology (called Muhurt or Muhurtha in Hindu astrology) concerns itself with finding the best time to do a particular activity. ... Horary astrology is a very old branch of astrology by which an astrologer will try to answer a question by drawing up an astrological chart or horoscope for the exact time and place at which that question came to mind or when it was put to them. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Political astrology. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...

Core beliefs

The core beliefs of astrology were prevalent in most of the ancient world and are epitomized in the Hermetic maxim "as above, so below". Tycho Brahe used a similar phrase to summarize his studies in astrology: suspiciendo despicio, "by looking up I see downward".[17] Although the principle that events in the heavens are mirrored by those on Earth was once generally held in most traditions of astrology around the world, in the West there has historically been a debate among astrologers over the nature of the mechanism behind astrology. The debate also covers whether or not celestial bodies are only signs or portents of events, or if they are actual causes of events through some sort of force or mechanism.[citation needed] This article is about the magical and religious movement stemming from the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus. ... This article is about the astronomer. ...


Although the connection between celestial mechanics and terrestrial dynamics was explored first by Isaac Newton with his development of a universal theory of gravitation, claims that the gravitational effects of the celestial bodies are what accounts for astrological generalizations are not substantiated by scientific research, nor are they advocated by most astrologers.[citation needed] Celestial mechanics is a division of astronomy dealing with the motions and gravitational effects of celestial objects. ... In physics, dynamics is the branch of classical mechanics that is concerned with the effects of forces on the motion of objects. ... Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [ OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727][1] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist. ... Gravity redirects here. ...


Most astrological traditions are based on the relative positions and movements of various real or construed celestial bodies and on the construction of implied or calculated celestial patterns as seen at the time and place of the event being studied. These are chiefly the astrological planets, dwarf planets, the asteroids, the stars, the lunar nodes, Arabic parts and hypothetical planets. The frame of reference for such apparent positions is defined by the tropical or sidereal zodiac of twelve signs on one hand, and by the local horizon (ascendant-descendant axis) and midheaven-imum coeli axis on the other. This latter (local) frame is typically further divided into the twelve astrological houses. Furthermore, the astrological aspects are used to determine the geometric/angular relationship(s) between the various celestial bodies and angles in the horoscope. Planets in astrology have a different meaning to the modern astronomical understanding of what a planet is. ... Artists impression of Pluto (background) and its satellite Charon (foreground). ... Asteroids is a popular vector-based video arcade game released in 1979 by Atari. ... This article is about the astronomical object. ... The lunar nodes are the orbital nodes of the Moon, that is, the points where the orbit of the Moon crosses the ecliptic (which is the apparent path of the Sun across the heavens against the background stars). ... In astrology, the Lots or Arabian Parts (or Arabic parts) are based on a mathematical calculation of three points in the horoscope. ... Tropical Astrology is a type of astrology based on a zodiac whose points of reference are the tropics. ... Sidereal astrology is the system of astrology used by some western and all Jyotish astrologers which bases their interpretation around the use of the sidereal zodiac. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... Astrological represent twelve equal segments or divisions of the zodiac. ... Horizon. ... [Image:Natal Chart -- Adam. ... The Descendant is directly across from the Ascendant (As) in the chart, in the three oclock position In the field of astrology, the Descendant is the point directly opposite, or 180 degrees away from the Ascendant, or Rising Sign. ... The Midheaven is noted as Mc in this Natal chart, close to the top Ptolemys definition: The Medium Coeli is the point which is upper square from ascendant, eg. ... In astrology, the Imum Coeli, or IC, is the point in space where the ecliptic crosses the Meridian in the north, exactly opposite the Midheaven in degrees and marking the 4th house cusp in most house systems (this is reversed in the southern hemisphere). ... Most Western astrological systems divide the horoscope into a number (usually twelve) of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. ... In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ...


The claim of astrology to predict future trends and developments, or predictive astrology, is based on two main methods: astrological transits and astrological progressions. In astrological transits the ongoing movements of the planets are interpreted for their significance as they transit through space and the horoscope. In astrological progressions the horoscope is progressed forward in time according to set methods. Most modern astrologers no longer try to forecast actual events, but focus instead on general trends and developments. Skeptics respond that this allows astrologers to avoid making verifiable predictions, and gives them the ability to attach significance to arbitrary and unrelated events, in a way that suits their purpose.[18] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Astrological progressions are one of the main means used in Horoscopic astrology to forecast future trends and developments (the other means is transits, which are simply the ongoing movements of the planets across the sky). ...


In the past, astrologers often relied on close observation of celestial objects and the charting of their movements. Modern astrologers use data provided by astronomers which are transformed to a set of astrological tables called ephemerides, showing the changing zodiacal positions of the heavenly bodies through time. Galileo is often referred to as the Father of Modern Astronomy. ... An ephemeris (plural: ephemerides) (from the Greek word ephemeros = daily) is a device giving the positions of astronomical objects in the sky. ...


Traditions

Zodiac signs, 16th century European woodcut
Zodiac signs, 16th century European woodcut

There are many traditions of astrology, some of which share similar features due to the transmission of astrological doctrines between cultures. Other traditions developed in isolation and hold different doctrines, though they too share some features due to drawing on similar astronomical sources. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (885x696, 171 KB)Zodiac signs, 16th century , medieval woodcuts This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (885x696, 171 KB)Zodiac signs, 16th century , medieval woodcuts This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Current traditions

The main traditions used by modern astrologers are:

Vedic and Western astrology share a common ancestry as horoscopic systems of astrology, in that both traditions focus on the casting of an astrological chart or horoscope, a representation of celestial entities, for an event based on the position of the Sun, Moon, and planets at the moment of the event. However, Vedic astrology uses the sidereal zodiac, linking the signs of the zodiac to their original constellations, while Western astrology uses the tropical zodiac. Because of the precession of the equinoxes, over the centuries the twelve zodiacal signs in Western astrology no longer correspond to the same part of the sky as their original constellations. In effect, in Western astrology the link between sign and constellation has been broken, whereas in Vedic astrology it remains of paramount importance. Other differences between the two traditions include the use of 27 (or 28) nakshatras or lunar mansions, which have been used in India since Vedic times, and the system of planetary periods known as dashas. It has been suggested that Indian astronomy be merged into this article or section. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ... Chinese astrology is the divination of the future from the Chinese calendar, which is based on astronomy, and ancient Chinese philosophy. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... A horoscope calculated for January 1, 2000 at 12:01:00 A.M. Eastern Standard Time in New York City, New York, USA (Longitude: 074W0023 - Latitude: 40N4251). In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, the astrological aspects, and... Sidereal astrology is the practice by some western and all Indian astrologers of basing their study of the sky on the actual position of the planets in relation to the starry background. ... This article is about the star grouping. ... The tropical zodiac is a zodiac based upon tropical time, or the apparent motion of the Sun across the sky over the course of a year. ... Precession of the equinoxes refers to the precession of the Earths axis of rotation. ... A nakshatra (Devanagari: नक्षत्र) or lunar mansion is one of the 27 or 28 divisions of the sky, identified by the prominent star(s) in them, that the Moon passes through during its monthly cycle, as used in Hindu astronomy and astrology. ... The Vedas are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures form part of the core of the Brahminical and Vedic traditions within Hinduism and are the inspirational, metaphysical and mythological foundation for later Vedanta, Yoga, Tantra and even Bhakti forms of Hinduism. ... A Dasha is a planetary period in Jyotisha or Vedic astrology. ...


In Chinese astrology a quite different tradition has evolved. By contrast to Western and Indian astrology, the twelve signs of the zodiac do not divide the sky, but rather the celestial equator. The Chinese evolved a system where each sign corresponds to one of twelve 'double-hours' that govern the day, and to one of the twelve months. Each sign of the zodiac governs a different year, and combines with a system based on the five elements of Chinese cosmology to give a 60 (12 x 5) year cycle. The term Chinese astrology is used here for convenience, but it must be recognised that versions of the same tradition exist in Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand and other Asian countries. This article is about the Korean civilization. ...


In modern times, these traditions have come into greater contact with each other, notably with Indian and Chinese astrology having spread to the West, while awareness of Western astrology is still fairly limited in Asia. Astrology in the Western world has diversified greatly in modern times. New movements have appeared, which have jettisoned much of traditional astrology to concentrate on different approaches, such as a greater emphasis on midpoints, or a more psychological approach. Some recent Western developments include:

Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ... Psychological astrology or Astropsychology is a recent product of the cross-fertilisation of the fields of astrology with depth psychology, humanistic psychology, and transpersonal psychology. ... Sun-sign astrology is the form of astrology most commonly found in many newspaper and magazine columns. ... The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte. ... Uranian astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ...

Historical traditions

Throughout its long history, astrology has come to prominence in many regions and undergone developments and change. There are many astrological traditions that are historically important, but which have largely fallen out of use today. Astrologers still retain an interest in them and regard them as an important resource. Historically significant traditions of astrology include:

The history of Western, Chinese, and Indian astrology is discussed in the main article history of astrology. Much of the survival of classical sciences like astronomy, mathematics, geography and philosophy in the Western world is due to the fact that it was preserved and used by the Arab world from about the 8th Century, when Europe was going through its Dark Ages. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Egypt was one of the most important places in the development of astrology, although astrology first originated in Babylon. ... Hellenistic astrology is a tradition of horoscopic astrology that developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt sometime around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE. Endnotes Note 1: See David Pingree - From Astral Omens to Astrology from Babylon to Bikaner, Roma: Istituto Italiano per LAfrica e... Maya calendrical divination is a subset of traditional beliefs, rituals and divinatory practices that are held or performed among various Maya communities in Guatemala and southern Mexico. ... The history of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ...


Esoteric traditions

Extract and symbol key from 17th century alchemy text.
Extract and symbol key from 17th century alchemy text.

Many mystic or esoteric traditions have links to astrology. In some cases, like Kabbalah, this involves participants incorporating elements of astrology into their own traditions. In other cases, like divinatory tarot, many astrologers themselves have incorporated the tradition into their own practice of astrology. Esoteric traditions include, but are not limited to: Download high resolution version (1560x600, 53 KB)Extract and symbol key from an alchemical text - Kenelm Digby A Choice Collection of Rare Secrets (1682) The image is a combination of two scanned portions of the book Wing_D1426 from Early English Books Online Source: http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1560x600, 53 KB)Extract and symbol key from an alchemical text - Kenelm Digby A Choice Collection of Rare Secrets (1682) The image is a combination of two scanned portions of the book Wing_D1426 from Early English Books Online Source: http://www. ... This article is about traditional Jewish Kabbalah. ...

Historically, alchemy in the Western World was particularly allied and intertwined with traditional Babylonian-Greek style astrology; in numerous ways they were built to complement each other in the search for occult or hidden knowledge.[19] Astrology has used the concept of the four classical elements of alchemy from antiquity up until the present day. Traditionally, each of the seven planets in the solar system known to the ancients was associated with, held dominion over, and "ruled" a certain metal.[20] Extract and symbol key from 17th century alchemy text. ... The Fortune Teller, by Caravaggio (1594–95; Canvas; Louvre), depicting a palm reading Chiromancy or cheiromancy, (Greek cheir, “hand”; manteia, “divination”), is the art of characterization and foretelling the future through the study of the palm, also known as palmistry, palm-reading, chirology or hand analysis. ... Zodiac in a 6th century synagogue at Beit Alpha, Israel. ... This old document shows the anciently-held link between the 12 signs of the Zodiac and the various parts of the body Medical astrology (traditionally known as Iatromathematics) is an ancient medical system that associates various parts of the body, diseases and drugs as under the influence of the Sun... Some astrologers believe that each number from 0 to 9 is ruled by a celestial body in our solar system -- the layout below is the most widely accepted system amongst modern astrologers but there are other conflicting systems as well. ... The Temple of the Rose Cross, Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens, 1618. ... The High Priestess, card number 2 in the major arcana. ... Occident redirects here. ... For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Triplicity. ...


The zodiac

Zodiac in a 6th century synagogue at Beit Alpha, Israel.
Zodiac in a 6th century synagogue at Beit Alpha, Israel.
Main article: Zodiac

The zodiac is the belt or band of constellations through which the Sun, Moon, and planets transit across the sky. Astrologers noted these constellations and so attached a particular significance to them. Over time they developed the system of twelve signs of the zodiac (Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces), based on twelve of the constellations they considered to be particularly important. The Western and Vedic zodiac signs have a common origin in the tradition of horoscopic astrology, and so are very similar in meaning. In China on the other hand, the development of the zodiac was different. Although the Chinese too have a system of twelve signs (named after animals), the Chinese zodiac refers to a pure calendrical cycle, as there are no equivalent constellations linked to it like the Western or Indian zodiacs. The common choice of twelve zodiac signs is understandable considering the interaction of the Sun and Moon was central to all forms of astrology. Twelve cycles of the Moon — the months — roughly coincide with one solar year, making twelve a natural choice. Image File history File links Beit_Alpha. ... Image File history File links Beit_Alpha. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... A synagogue (from , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; beit knesset, house of assembly; or beit tefila, house of prayer, shul; , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... Astrological represent twelve equal segments or divisions of the zodiac. ... Aries the animal Aries is an astrological sign that originated from the constellation Aries, and is the first sign of the zodiac. ... Taurus the bull Taurus is the second astrological sign in the Zodiac, originating from the constellation of Taurus. ... Gemini the twins Gemini is an astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Gemini, and is the third sign of the zodiac. ... Cancer astrology sign on the ceiling of the main concourse of Grand Central Terminal. ... Leo the lion Leo is an astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Leo, and is the fifth sign of the zodiac. ... Virgo the virgin or maiden Virgo is an astrological sign which originated from the constellation Virgo, and is the sixth sign of the zodiac. ... Libra is an astrological sign and is the seventh sign of the zodiac. ... Scorpio the animal Scorpio is an astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Scorpius, and is the eighth sign of the zodiac. ... Sagittarius the archer Sagittarius is the ninth astrological sign in the Zodiac, originating from the constellation of Sagittarius. ... A Capricorn from a 15th century book Capricorn is an astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Capricornus, and is the tenth sign of the zodiac. ... Spirit of Aquarius Aquarius is an astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Aquarius, and is the eleventh sign of the zodiac. ... Symbol of Pisces Pisces is an Astrological sign, which originated from the constellation Pisces, and is the twelfth sign of the zodiac. ...


The majority of Western astrologers base their work on the tropical zodiac which divides the sky into twelve equal segments of 30 degrees each, beginning with the first point of Aries, the point where the line of the earth's celestial equator and the ecliptic (the Sun's path through the sky) meet at the northern hemisphere spring equinox. Due to the precession of the equinoxes, the slow changing of the way Earth rotates in space, the zodiacal signs in this system bear no relation to the constellations of the same name but stay aligned to the months and seasons. The celestial equator is a great circle on the imaginary celestial sphere, which could be constructed by inflating the Earths equator until it intersects with said sphere. ... The plane of the ecliptic is well seen in this picture from the 1994 lunar prospecting Clementine spacecraft. ... For other uses, see Equinox (disambiguation). ... Precession of the equinoxes refers to the precession of the Earths axis of rotation. ... This article is about the star grouping. ...


Practitioners of the Vedic astrological tradition and a minority of Western astrologers use the sidereal zodiac. This zodiac uses the same evenly divided ecliptic but approximately stays aligned to the positions of the observable constellations with the same name as the zodiacal signs. The sidereal zodiac differs from the tropical zodiac by an offset called the ayanamsa, which steadily increases as the equinoxes drift further. Furthermore, some siderealists (i.e. astrologers employing sidereal techniques) use the actual, unequal constellations of the zodiac in their work. Ayanamsa is the Sanskrit term for the longitudinal difference between the tropical or Sayana and sidereal or Nirayana zodiacs. ...


Horoscopic astrology

18th century Icelandic manuscript showing astrological houses and glyphs for planets and signs.
18th century Icelandic manuscript showing astrological houses and glyphs for planets and signs.
Main article: Horoscopic astrology

Horoscopic astrology is a system that was developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE.[21] The tradition deals with two-dimensional diagrams of the heavens, or horoscopes, created for specific moments in time. The diagram is then used to interpret the inherent meaning underlying the alignment of celestial bodies at that moment based on a specific set of rules and guidelines. A horoscope was calculated normally for the moment of an individual's birth, or at the beginning of an enterprise or event, because the alignments of the heavens at that moment were thought to determine the nature of the subject in question. One of the defining characteristics of this form of astrology that makes it distinct from other traditions is the computation of the degree of the Eastern horizon rising against the backdrop of the ecliptic at the specific moment under examination, otherwise known as the ascendant. Horoscopic astrology has been the most influential and widespread form of astrology across the world, especially in Africa, India, Europe, and the Middle East, and there are several major traditions of horoscopic astrology whose origins are Hellenistic, including Indian, Medieval, and most other modern Western traditions of astrology. Image File history File links The twelve astrological houses. ... Image File history File links The twelve astrological houses. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... The Mediterranean Basin refers to the lands around and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. ... The conquests of Alexander the Great brought Egypt within the orbit of the Greek world for almost 900 years. ... The plane of the ecliptic is well seen in this picture from the 1994 lunar prospecting Clementine spacecraft. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The horoscope

A hand-drawn horoscope.
A hand-drawn horoscope.

Central to horoscopic astrology and its branches is the calculation of the horoscope or astrological chart. This two-dimensional diagrammatic representation shows the celestial bodies' apparent positions in the heavens from the vantage of a location on Earth at a given time and place. The horoscope is also divided into twelve different celestial houses which govern different areas of life. Calculations performed in casting a horoscope involve arithmetic and simple geometry which serve to locate the apparent position of heavenly bodies on desired dates and times based on astronomical tables. In ancient Hellenistic astrology the ascendant demarcated the first celestial house of a horoscope. The word for the ascendant in Greek was horoskopos from which horoscope derives. In modern times, the word has come to refer to the astrological chart as a whole. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1104 × 1376 pixel, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 481 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1104 × 1376 pixel, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A horoscope calculated for January 1, 2000 at 12:01:00 A.M. Eastern Standard Time in New York City, New York, USA (Longitude: 074W0023 - Latitude: 40N4251). In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, the astrological aspects, and... Most astrological systems divide the astrological chart (or natal chart) into twelve houses, which depend more on the time and place of birth (or initiation) than on the date. ... Arithmetic tables for children, Lausanne, 1835 Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek word αριθμός = number) is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used by almost everyone, for tasks ranging from simple day-to-day counting to advanced science and business calculations. ... For other uses, see Geometry (disambiguation). ...


Branches of horoscopic astrology

Traditions of horoscopic astrology can be divided into four branches which are directed towards specific subjects or purposes. Often these branches use a unique set of techniques or a different application of the core principles of the system to a different area. Many other subsets and applications of astrology are derived from these four fundamental branches.

  • Natal astrology, the study of a person's natal chart to gain information about the individual and his/her life experience.
  • Katarchic astrology, which includes both electional and event astrology. The former uses astrology to determine the most auspicious moment to begin an enterprise or undertaking, and the latter to understand everything about an event from the time at which it took place.
  • Horary astrology, used to answer a specific question by studying the chart of the moment the question is posed to an astrologer.
  • Mundane or world astrology, the application of astrology to world events, including weather, earthquakes, and the rise and fall of empires or religions.

Natal astrology, also known as genethliacal astrology, is the system of astrology based upon the concept that each individuals personality or path in life can be determined by constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and location of a persons birth. ... Katarchic astrology is the application of horoscopic astrology to determine an auspicious moment to begin a venture or undertaking, otherwise known as electional astrology, as well as to interpret the auspiciousness of an inception that has already taken place. ... Electional astrology (called Muhurt or Muhurtha in Hindu astrology) concerns itself with finding the best time to do a particular activity. ... Horary astrology is a very old branch of astrology by which an astrologer will try to answer a question by drawing up an astrological chart or horoscope for the exact time and place at which that question came to mind or when it was put to them. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Political astrology. ...

History of astrology

Main article: History of astrology
15th century image from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry showing believed relations between areas of the body and the zodiacal signs.
15th century image from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry showing believed relations between areas of the body and the zodiacal signs.

The history of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1677x2179, 739 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Human User:Scriberius/Projects ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1677x2179, 739 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Human User:Scriberius/Projects ... An illuminated page from the Très Riches Heures showing the day for exchanging gifts from the month of January The Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (or simply the Très Riches Heures) is probably the most important illuminated manuscript of the 15th century, le roi des...

Origins

The origins of much of the astrological doctrine and method that would later develop in Asia, Europe, and the Middle East are found among the ancient Babylonians and their system of celestial omens that began to be compiled around the middle of the 2nd millennium BCE. This system of celestial omens later spread either directly or indirectly through the Babylonians and Assyrians to other areas such as India, China, and Greece where it merged with pre-existing indigenous forms of astrology.[citation needed]. This Babylonian astrology came to Greece initially as early as the middle of the 4th century BCE, and then around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE after the Alexandrian conquests, this Babylonian astrology was mixed with the Egyptian tradition of decanic astrology to create horoscopic astrology. This new form of astrology, which appears to have originated in Alexandrian Egypt, quickly spread across the ancient world into Europe, the Middle East and India. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Babylonia was an ancient state in Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ...


Before the scientific revolution

From the classical period through the scientific revolution, astrological training played a critical role in advancing astronomical, mathematical, medical and psychological knowledge. Astrological influences included the observation and long-term tracking of celestial objects. It was astrologers who provided the first systematic documentation of the movements of the Sun, the Moon, the planets, and the stars. The differentiation between astronomy and astrology varied from place to place; they were indistinguishable in ancient Babylonia and for most of the Middle Ages, but separated to a greater degree in ancient Greece (see astrology and astronomy). Astrology was not always uncritically accepted before the modern era; it was often challenged by Hellenistic skeptics, church authorities, and medieval Muslim astronomers.[citation needed] This article is about the period or event in history. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic science and astronomy. ...


The pattern of astronomical knowledge gained from astrological endeavours has been historically repeated across numerous cultures, from ancient India through the classical Maya civilization to medieval Europe. Given this historical contribution, astrology has been called a protoscience along with pseudosciences such as alchemy (see "Western astrology and alchemy" below). The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ... For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ...


Many prominent thinkers, philosophers and scientists, such as Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle, Galen, Paracelsus, Girolamo Cardan, Nicholas Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Carl Jung and others, practiced or significantly contributed to astrology.[22][2] Pythagoras of Samos (Greek: ; between 580 and 572 BC–between 500 and 490 BC) was an Ionian (Greek) philosopher[1] and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Galen (disambiguation). ... Presumed portrait of Paracelsus, attributed to the school of Quentin Matsys. ... Nicolaus Copernicus (in Latin; Polish Mikołaj Kopernik, German Nikolaus Kopernikus - February 19, 1473 – May 24, 1543) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician and economist who developed a heliocentric (Sun-centered) theory of the solar system in a form detailed enough to make it scientifically useful. ... Galileo redirects here. ... This article is about the astronomer. ... Kepler redirects here. ... Jung redirects here. ...


Effects on world culture

Astrology has had a profound influence over the past few thousand years on Western and Eastern cultures. In the Middle Ages, when the educated of the time believed in astrology, the system of heavenly spheres and bodies was believed to reflect on the system of knowledge and the world itself below. During its long history astrology has had a profound impact on cultures throughout the world, especially in art, literature and popular customs. ...


Astrology has had an influence on both language and literature. For example, influenza, from medieval Latin influentia meaning influence, was so named because doctors once believed epidemics to be caused by unfavorable planetary and stellar influences. The word "disaster" comes from the Latin dis-aster meaning "bad star". Adjectives "lunatic" (Luna/Moon), "mercurial" (Mercury), "venereal" (Venus), "martial" (Mars), "jovial" (Jupiter/Jove), and "saturnine" (Saturn) are all old words used to describe personal qualities said to resemble or be highly influenced by the astrological characteristics of the planet, some of which are derived from the attributes of the ancient Roman gods they are named after. In literature, many writers, notably Geoffrey Chaucer[23][24][25] and William Shakespeare,[26][27] used astrological symbolism to add subtlety and nuance to the description of their characters' motivation(s). Often, an understanding of astrological symbolism is needed to fully appreciate such literature. Flu redirects here. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... This article is about the planet. ... For other uses, see Venus (disambiguation). ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... For other uses, see Jupiter (disambiguation). ... This article is about the planet. ... Chaucer redirects here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Some modern thinkers, notably Carl Jung,[28] believe in astrology's descriptive powers regarding the mind without necessarily subscribing to its predictive claims. In education astrology is reflected in the university education of medieval Europe, which was divided into seven distinct areas, each represented by a particular planet and known as the seven liberal arts. Dante Alighieri speculated that these arts, which grew into the sciences we know today, fitted the same structure as the planets. In music the best known example of astrology's influence is in the orchestral suite called "The Planets" by the British composer Gustav Holst, the framework of which is based upon the astrological symbolism of the planets. Tertiary education, also referred to as third-stage or third level education, is the educational level following the completion of a school providing a secondary education such as a high school, secondary school, or gymnasium. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... DANTE is also a digital audio network. ... This page is about the orchestral suite by Gustav Holst. ... Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934, London) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ...


Astrology and science

Pseudoscience
Astrology

Disciplines: A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ...

Astronomy, Psychology For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ... Psychological science redirects here. ...

Core tenets:

Position of the planets determines personality and human events.

Year proposed: antiquity

Original proponents:

ancient priests and astrologers

Current proponents:

Philip Berg, Rob Brezsny, Michel Gauquelin, Linda Goodman, Sydney Omarr, Joan Quigley, Jackie Stallone, Athena Starwoman, Shelley von Strunckel, Richard Tarnas Philip Berg (original name Feivel Gruberger) is the leader and founder, together with his wife Karen Berg, of the modern Kabbalah Centre. ... Rob Brezsny is an American astrologist, writer, and musician. ... Michel Gauquelin (November 13, 1928 – May 20, 1991) was a French psychologist and statistician who, along with his first wife Françoise Schneider-Gauquelin (born June 19, 1929), conducted very important statistical research on astrology, from the beginning of the 1950s to the present day. ... Linda Goodman, (April 9th, 1925? - October 21, 1995) was a best-selling American astrologer and poet. ... Sydney Omarr (5 August 1926 – 2 January 2003) was an astrologer and counsellor to the rich and famous. ... Joan Quigley, of San Francisco, is a famous astrologer best known for her top secret devotion to the Reagan White House in the 1980s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Athena Starwoman was a world-famous astrologer, columnist and television commentator. ... Richard Tarnas, author of The Passion of the Western Mind and Cosmos and Psyche, is a cultural historian and professor of philosophy and psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco, and founding director of its graduate program in Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness. ...

The Ptolemaic system depicted by Andreas Cellarius, 1660/61
The Ptolemaic system depicted by Andreas Cellarius, 1660/61

By the time of Francis Bacon and the scientific revolution, newly emerging scientific disciplines acquired a method of systematic empirical induction validated by experimental observations, which led to the scientific revolution.[29] At this point, astrology and astronomy began to diverge; astronomy became one of the central sciences while astrology was increasingly viewed as an occult science or superstition by natural scientists. This separation accelerated through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.[30] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (7046x5893, 4941 KB) Beschreibung From Andreas Cellarius Harmonia Macrocosmica, 1660/61. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (7046x5893, 4941 KB) Beschreibung From Andreas Cellarius Harmonia Macrocosmica, 1660/61. ... Mediaeval drawing of the Ptolemaic system. ... Andreas Cellarius (c. ... For other persons named Francis Bacon, see Francis Bacon (disambiguation). ...


Astrology is now regarded as unscientific both by scientific bodies and by individual scientists[31][32] and has been labeled as a pseudoscience.[33] In 1975, the American Humanist Association published one of the most widely known modern criticisms of astrology, characterizing those who continue to have faith in the subject as doing so "in spite of the fact that there is no verified scientific basis for their beliefs, and indeed that there is strong evidence to the contrary".[12] Astronomer Carl Sagan found himself unable to sign the statement, not because he felt astrology had any validity at all, but because he found the statement's tone authoritarian.[34][35] Sagan stated that he would instead have been willing to sign a statement describing and refuting the principal tenets of astrological belief, which he believed would have been far more persuasive and would have produced much less controversy than the circulated statement.[36] A typical 18th century phrenology chart. ... The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. ... Insert non-formatted text here Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer and astrobiologist and a highly successful popularizer of astronomy, astrophysics, and other natural sciences. ... The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population. ...


Although astrology has had no scientific standing for some time, it has been the subject of much research among astrologers since the beginning of the twentieth century. In their landmark study of twentieth-century research into natal astrology, astrology critics Geoffrey Dean and coauthors documented this burgeoning research activity, primarily within the astrological community.[37]


Claims about obstacles to research

Astrologers have argued that there are significant obstacles in carrying out scientific research into astrology today, including lack of funding,[38][39] lack of background in science and statistics by astrologers,[40] and insufficient expertise in astrology by research scientists and skeptics.[41][38][39] There are only a handful of journals dealing with scientific research into astrology (i.e. astrological journals directed towards scientific research or scientific journals publishing astrological research). Some astrologers have argued that few practitioners today pursue scientific testing of astrology because they feel that working with clients on a daily basis provides a personal validation for them.[39][42] A scientific method or process is considered fundamental to the scientific investigation and acquisition of new knowledge based upon physical evidence. ... Nature, Science and PNAS In academic publishing, a scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research. ...


Another argument made by astrologers is that most studies of astrology do not reflect the nature of astrological practice and that the scientific method does not apply to astrology.[43][44] Some astrology proponents claim that the prevailing attitudes and motives of many opponents of astrology introduce conscious or unconscious bias in the formulation of hypotheses to be tested, the conduct of the tests, and the reporting of results.[41][11][12][45][2] Scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. ...

Early science, particularly geometry and astronomy/astrology, was connected to the divine for most medieval scholars. The compass in this 13th century manuscript is a symbol of God's act of Creation, as many believed that there was something intrinsically divine or perfect that could be found in circles.
Early science, particularly geometry and astronomy/astrology, was connected to the divine for most medieval scholars. The compass in this 13th century manuscript is a symbol of God's act of Creation, as many believed that there was something intrinsically divine or perfect that could be found in circles.

Image File history File links God_the_Geometer. ... Image File history File links God_the_Geometer. ... The history of science in the Middle Ages refers to the discoveries in the field of natural philosophy throughout the Middle Ages - the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history. ... This article is about the navigational instrument. ... THIS IS A FACT Creation is a doctrinal position in many religions and philosophical belief systems which maintains that a single God, or a group of or deities is responsible for creating the universe. ... Circle illustration This article is about the shape and mathematical concept of circle. ...

Mechanism

As astrologers have been consistently unable to present physical mechanisms for astrology,[46][47] few modern astrologers believe in a direct causal relationship between heavenly bodies and earthly events.[39] An editorial published by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific reports that they can find no evidence for a scientifically defined mechanism by which celestial objects can supposedly influence terrestrial affairs.[11] Some researchers have posited acausal, purely correlative, relationships between astrological observations and events, such as the theory of synchronicity proposed by Carl Jung.[48] Others have posited a basis in divination.[49] Still others have argued that empirical correlations can stand on their own epistemologically, and do not need the support of any theory or mechanism.[41] To some observers, these non-mechanistic concepts raise serious questions about the feasibility of validating astrology through scientific testing, and some have gone so far as to reject the applicability of the scientific method to astrology almost entirely.[41] Some astrologers, on the other hand, believe that astrology is amenable to the scientific method, given sufficiently sophisticated analytical methods, and they cite pilot studies they claim support this view.[50] Consequently, several astrologers have called for or advocated continuing studies of astrology based on statistical validation.[51] The Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) was founded in San Francisco in 1889. ... An acausal system is a system that depends on both the past and the future. ... A pro-form is a function word that substitutes a word, phrase, clause, or sentence whose meaning is recoverable from the context, and it is used to avoid redundant expressions. ... Synchronicity is the experience of two or more events which occur in a meaningful manner, but which are causally inexplicable to the person or persons experiencing them. ... For other uses, see Divination (disambiguation). ... Theory of knowledge redirects here: for other uses, see theory of knowledge (disambiguation) According to Plato, knowledge is a subset of that which is both true and believed Epistemology or theory of knowledge is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature, methods, limitations, and validity of knowledge and belief. ...


Research

The Mars effect: relative frequency of the diurnal position of Mars in the birth chart of eminent athletes.
The Mars effect: relative frequency of the diurnal position of Mars in the birth chart of eminent athletes.

French psychologist and statistician Michel Gauquelin claimed to have found correlations between some planetary positions and certain human traits such as vocations.[52] Gauquelin's most widely known claim is known as the Mars effect, which is said to demonstrate a correlation between the planet Mars occupying certain positions in the sky more often at the birth of eminent sports champions than at the birth of ordinary people. A similar claim is made by Richard Tarnas in his work Cosmos and Psyche, in which he explores correspondences between planetary alignments and historically significant events and individuals. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Mars effect is a claim that Mars occupies certain positions in the sky more often at the birth of sports champions than at the birth of ordinary people. ... Diurnal motion is an astronomical term referring to the apparent daily motion of stars in orbit around the Earth, caused by the Earths rotation around its axis. ... Michel Gauquelin (November 13, 1928 – May 20, 1991) was a French psychologist and statistician who, along with his first wife Françoise Schneider-Gauquelin (born June 19, 1929), conducted very important statistical research on astrology, from the beginning of the 1950s to the present day. ... The Mars effect is a claim that Mars occupies certain positions in the sky more often at the birth of sports champions than at the birth of ordinary people. ... Richard Tarnas, author of The Passion of the Western Mind and Cosmos and Psyche, is a cultural historian and professor of philosophy and psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco, and founding director of its graduate program in Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness. ...


Since its original publication in 1955, the Mars effect has been the subject of critical studies and skeptical publications which refute it,[53][54][55] and studies in fringe journals claiming to support or expand the original claims.[56][57] Gauquelin's research has not received mainstream scientific notice. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fringe science is a phrase used to describe scientific inquiry in an established field that departs significantly from mainstream or orthodox theories. ...


The scientific community says that astrology has repeatedly failed to demonstrate its effectiveness in numerous controlled studies.[10][11] Effect size studies in astrology conclude that the mean accuracy of astrological predictions is no greater than what is expected by chance, and astrology's perceived performance has disappeared on critical inspection.[58] When testing for cognitive, behavioral, physical and other variables, one study of astrological "time twins" showed that human characteristics are not molded by the influence of the Sun, Moon and planets at the time of birth.[58][59] Skeptics of astrology also suggest that the perceived accuracy of astrological interpretations and descriptions of one's personality can be accounted for by the fact that people tend to exaggerate positive 'hits' and overlook whatever does not fit, especially when vague language is used.[58] They also argue that statistical research is often wrongly seen as evidence for astrology due to uncontrolled artifacts.[60] A large-scale study, with a sample size of about 15,000 "astro-twins", was published in 2006. It examined the relationship between date of birth and individual differences in personality and general intelligence, and found no evidence that a connection existed.[61] It also found no relationship between the zodiacal signs and participants' personal traits.[61]

In 2008 a new attempt to prove astrology with scientific means has been published by Eskild Rasmussen: "Neoastrology I - How to Make Exact and Precise Predictions". In this book the author claims that it is possible to make verifiable astrological predictions, which can satisfy scientific standards, provided that the astrological chart has first been rectified properly. Chart rectification assumes that a birth time is very seldom exact, hence it has to be moved in accordance with the dates of major events in the chart-holders life. Four case studies are provided together with general guidelines, which means that anybody, even sceptics, can test the claim. So far these claims have not been refuted.

In statistics, effect size is a measure of the strength of the relationship between two variables. ... Cognitive The scientific study of how people obtain, retrieve, store and manipulate information. ... Behavior (U.S.) or behaviour (U.K.) refers to the actions or reactions of an object or organism, usually in relation to the environment. ... In astrology, an astro-twin is a pair of people that were born on the same day and whose natal chart/horoscope is consequently very similar, even though they may have been born in different places and at different times. ... It has been suggested that Myside bias be merged into this article or section. ... Many skeptics believe the popularity of horoscopes (and astrology in general) is due to the Forer Effect. ...


See also

Astrology Portal

Image File history File links Astrology_Project. ... This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Computers quickly perform planetary and numerical computations that astrologers find useful. ... In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ... Most Western astrological systems divide the horoscope into a number (usually twelve) of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. ... Astrological represent twelve equal segments or divisions of the zodiac. ... The term zodiac denotes an annual cycle of twelve stations along the ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun across the heavens through the constellations that divide the ecliptic into twelve equal zones of celestial longitude. ... Astrological symbols are images used in various astrological systems to denote relevant objects. ... The Age of Aquarius (starting around the 27th century) is one of the twelve astrological ages. ...

References

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  60. ^ Dean, Geoffery. Artifacts in data often wrongly seen as evidence for astrology.
  61. ^ a b Peter, Hartmann; Reuter, Martin; Nyborg, Helmut (2006). "The relationship between date of birth and individual differences in personality and intelligence: A large-scale study". Personality and Individual Differences 40: 1349–1362. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.11.017. ISSN 0191-8869. Lay summary – Discovery News (2006-04-25). 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr Donald Don Laycock, was a graduate of Newcastle University, NSW, Australia and later worked as a researcher at Adelaide University in Anthropology. ... David Vernon is an Australian writer. ... Dr Colin Groves is a Professor of Biological Anthropology at the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Astrology
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Astrology
Astrology and science
  • Astrology and Science, a critical look at astrology and science.
  • The Astrotest, an account of a test of the predictive power of astrology, with references to other experiments.
  • The Real Romance in the Stars, a critical view of astrology by Richard Dawkins.
  • Astrofaces, a research project seeking to provide statistical correlations of astrology for modern science with photographs grouped by the sun, moon and ascendant signs of the subjects.
Astrology and religion
  • Astrology in Islam
  • Astrology Haram in Islam
  • Astrology in the Old and New Testament, by Joseph John Dewey.
  • Astrology: Between Religion and the Empirical, a treatise on astrology by Dr. Gustav-Adolf Schoener, translated by Shane Denson.
  • Medieval Astrology, a learning resource from the British Library.
  • Astrology in Judaism
  • Astrology Research Center Belgrade, by prof. Joanna Lucic Gajic
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... The New York Times reported on Einsteins confirmed prediction. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins, FRS (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at the University of Oxford. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
astrology (2174 words)
Sidereal astrology uses the actual constellation in which the sun is located at the moment of birth as its basis; tropical astrology uses a 30-degree sector of the zodiac as its basis.
Sidereal astrology is used by a minority of astrologers and bases its readings on the constellations near the sun at the time of birth.
Tropical astrology is the most popular form and it assigns its readings based on the time of the year, while generally ignoring the positions of the sun and constellations relative to each other.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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