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Encyclopedia > Astrological aspect
The astrological aspects are noted in the central circle of this natal chart, where the different colors and symbols distinguish between the different aspects, such as the square (red) or trine (blue)
The astrological aspects are noted in the central circle of this natal chart, where the different colors and symbols distinguish between the different aspects, such as the square (red) or trine (blue)

In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. These aspects are held to influence human affairs: the more exact the aspect is, the more important it is said[Please name specific person or group] to be. The difference between the exact aspect and the actual aspect is called the orb. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (749x693, 286 KB) These are the astrological glyphs as most commonly used in Western Astrology; this can be used as a key to figure out what particular planet falls in which astrological sign in the chart The symbols used in Western... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (749x693, 286 KB) These are the astrological glyphs as most commonly used in Western Astrology; this can be used as a key to figure out what particular planet falls in which astrological sign in the chart The symbols used in Western... Example of a natal chart In astrology, a natal chart is the term used to describe a horoscope drawn for the exact time of an individuals birth at a particular place on Earth, for the purposes of gaining information about the individual. ... It has been suggested that astrologer be merged into this article or section. ... An angle is the figure formed by two rays sharing a common endpoint, called the vertex of the angle. ... Major features of the Solar System (not to scale, from left to right): Pluto, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, a comet, Jupiter, Ceres which lies in the asteroid belt, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth & Moon, and Mars. ...


As an example, if an astrologer creates a horoscope showing the apparent positions of the heavenly bodies at the times of a person's birth (a natal chart), and the apparent distance between Mars and Venus is 92°, the chart is said[Please name specific person or group] to have the aspect "Venus square Mars" with an orb of 2° (the orb is 92 minus 90 = 2). An astrologer, in modern times, is a person who practices a form or forms of astrology; in earlier times, they were observer of the stars. ... In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the planets, other celestial bodies, and sensitive angles at the time of any event, such as the moment of a persons birth. ... Example of a natal chart In astrology, a natal chart is the term used to describe a horoscope drawn for the exact time of an individuals birth at a particular place on Earth, for the purposes of gaining information about the individual. ... Astronomical symbols/glyphs representing the Sun, Moon, Pluto and planets, along with the Earth, in Western astrology. ... Astronomical symbols/glyphs representing the Sun, Moon, Pluto and planets, along with the Earth, in Western astrology. ...

Contents

Approach

To the ancients, certain aspects and certain planets were either good (benefic) or bad (malefic). Modern usage is different, with less emphasis placed on simple divisions. For the astrological concept, see Planets in astrology. ... In the field of astrology a benefic planet is considered to be very positive influences. ... In astrology, a malefic planet, or simply malefic, is traditionally thought to bring bad luck and misfortune. ...


Modern approaches to astrological aspects, grounded more on current research rather than historical references, are more in alignment with research on astrological harmonics, of which John Addey was a major proponent in England (and which Johannes Kepler set forth in his book Harmonice Mundi in 1619). In routine practice, the German schools of Uranian astrology and its derivative Cosmobiology have taken a wholly empirical approach to the aspects, largely divorced from traditional assumptions, and based on extensive research. In the process, they have come to conclusions different from traditional astrologers about the power and effect of the various types of aspects. Among the Uranians, the term 'aspect' is even sometimes avoided, to divorce traditional beliefs from current observations. John Addey (June 15, 1920 - March 27, 1982) an English Astrologer born Barnsley, died in London. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and a key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution. ... Harmonice Mundi (1619) is a book by Johannes Kepler. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 Uranian Astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ... Empirical is an adjective often used in conjunction with science, both the natural and social sciences, which means an observation or experiment based upon experience that is capable of being verified or disproved. ...


The research of Françoise and Michel Gauquelin on the significance of planetary configuration in the astrological chart showed strong signs that the semisquare and sesquiquadrate, "minor" aspects according historical assumptions, might in fact be relatively "major". Many of these valuable realizations have been lost in a recent wave of return to traditional astrological beliefs. Michel Gauquelin (November 13, 1928 - May 20, 1991) was a French psychologist and statistician who, along with his wife Francoise, conducted serious statistical research into astrology. ...


A list of traditional aspects below presents their angular values and a recommended orb for each aspect -- the orbs are subject of controversy even today.


With the introduction of the manifold midpoints used in Cosmobiology and the bajillion "formula" points of Uranian/Hamburg Astrology, most modern Astrologers, now, use much narrower orbs for aspects than what were common prior 1970.


Major aspects

The traditional major aspects are sometimes called Ptolemaic aspects since they were defined and used by Ptolemy in the 1st Century, AD. These aspects are the conjunction (approx. 0-10°), sextile (60°), square (90°), trine (120°), and opposition (180°). It is important to note that different astrologers and separate astrological systems/traditional utilize differing orbs (the degree of separation between exactitude) when calculating and using the aspects, though almost all use a larger orb for a conjunction when compared to the other aspects. A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; c. ...


Conjunction (abrv. CON)

Image:Conjunction-symbol.png A conjunction is an angle of approximately 0-10°. If one of the bodies is the Sun or Moon, a separation (orb) of approximately 0±10° is considered a conjunction. If neither the Sun or Moon is involved, a conjunction is a separation (orb) of about 0±08° (though different astrologers use different orbs). This is said to be the most powerful aspect, intensifying the effects of the involved planets — and whether the union is to be regarded as "positive" or "negative" depends upon what planets are involved: Venus, Jupiter and the Sun, in any possible combination, is considered the most favourable scenario (and all three actually met on November 9-10, 1970, for example), while the most unfavourable configurations involve Mars, Saturn, and/or the Moon (with all three conjoining on March 10 in that same year). If the planets are under stress from other configurations, then the conjunction will be said to intensify the stress. When a planet is in very close conjunction to the Sun it is referred to as cazimi; when a planet is moderately close to Sun, it is said to be combust. The Sun and Moon are in conjunction monthly during the New Moon. Image File history File links Conjunction-symbol. ... (*min temperature refers to cloud tops only) Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 9. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa Hydrogen ~86% Helium ~14% Methane 0. ... The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ... Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 140 kPa Hydrogen >93% Helium >5% Methane 0. ... Apparent magnitude: up to -12. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... Cazimi (also spelled Casimi, and sometimes called Zaminium) is a technical Arabic word meaning heart of the Sun or in the heart of the Sun. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The lunar phase depends on the Moons position in orbit around Earth. ...


Sextile (abrv. SXT)

Image:Sextile-symbol.png A sextile is an angle of 60° (1/6 of the 360° ecliptic, or 1/2 of a trine [120°]). A separation (orb) of 60±04° is considered a sextile. The sextile has been traditionally said to be similar in influence to the trine, but only provides opportunity, requiring effort to gain its benefits. See information on the semisextile below. Image File history File links Sextile-symbol. ... The plane of the ecliptic is well seen in this picture from the 1994 lunar prospecting Clementine spacecraft. ...


Square (abrv. SQR)

Image:Square-symbol.png A square is an angle of 90° (1/4 of the 360° ecliptic, or 1/2 of an opposition [180°]). A separation (orb) of 90±05° is considered a square. The square is said to indicate strain, tension, and energy, presenting challenges to achievement and an opportunity to develop strength of character. See the information on the semisquare and sesquiquadrate below. Image File history File links Square-symbol. ...


Trine (abrv. TRI)

Image:Trine-symbol.png A trine is an angle of 120° (1/3 of the 360° ecliptic). A separation (orb) of 120±04° is considered a trine. The trine has been traditionally assumed to be extremely beneficial, providing ease even if undeserved. Too many trines are said to make a person weak and unable to cope with adversity. The ancients considered an abundance of trines as a "sign of evil". Image File history File links Trine-symbol. ...


Opposition (abrv. OPP)

Image:Opposition-symbol.png An opposition is an angle of 180° (1/2 of the 360° ecliptic). A separation (orb) of 180±05° is considered an opposition. Oppositions are said to be the second most powerful aspect. They are looked on less negatively than in the past, though the opposition is still considered a difficult aspect. The Sun and Moon are in opposition monthly during the Full Moon. Image File history File links Opposition-symbol. ... Composite image of the Moon as taken by the Galileo spacecraft on 7 December 1992. ...


Minor aspects

The traditional minor aspects, introduced by the famed astronomer/astrologer Johannes Kepler in the 16th Century AD, were long considered to be of relatively secondary importance, although many modern astrologers are not in agreement with this. These included the quincunx (150°), semisquare (45°), sesquiquadrate (135°), semisextile (30°), quintile (72°), and biquintile (144°). An astronomer or astrophysicist is a person whose area of interest is astronomy or astrophysics. ... An astrologer, in modern times, is a person who practices a form or forms of astrology; in earlier times, they were observer of the stars. ... Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and a key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution. ...


More progressive research-oriented schools like Cosmobiology or Uranian astrology (Hamburg School of Astrology) consider the semisquare and sesquiquadrate to be relatively "major" aspects while the traditional sextile (60°) and trine (120°) are relatively "minor" in influence — this based on current research rather than historical documents or beliefs. Astrologers using Cosmobiology and Uranian/Hamburg Astrology work with many more minor aspects then what were used prior 1970, i.e. multiples of 15° (15°, 75°, 105°, & 165°) and multiples of 22.5° (22.5°, 67.5°, 112.5°, & 157.5°). Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 Uranian Astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ... The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte. ...


The sextile and quincunx (inconjunct) are considered as the 'border' aspects in-between major and minor ones. Most of the astrologers consider the sextile (60°) as major aspect, while a quite a noticeable group uses the quincunx aspect (150°) as major, while only a very small minority considers the inconjunct (30°) as a major aspect. All major aspects, along with these three 'border' aspects, are called the 'Ptolemaic aspects'.


Quincunx (abrv. INC) - Major/Minor aspect

Image:Quincunx-symbol.png The quincunx, or inconjunct, is an angle of 150°. A separation of 150±2° is considered a quincunx. The quincunx is said to be of moderate but somewhat unpredictable influence, bringing strain. This aspect is also sometimes called the inconjunct, though this usage is technically incorrect. Image File history File links Quincunx-symbol. ...


Semisquare (abrv. SSQ)

Image:Semisquare-symbol.png The semisquare is an angle of 45° (1/2 of a square [90°]). A separation of 45±2° is considered a semisquare. This aspect is considered a weaker version of the square. Image File history File links Semisquare-symbol. ...


Sesquiquadrate (abrv. SES)

Image:Sesquiquare-symbol.png The sesquiquadrate, sometimes called a sesquisquare and/or square-and-a-half, is an angle of 135° (a square [90°] + a semisquare [45°]). A separation of 135±2° is considered as sesquiquadrate, and is considered similar in influence to the semisquare. Image File history File links Sesquiquare-symbol. ...


Semisextile (abrv. SSX)

Image:Semisextile-symbol.png The semisextile is an angle of 30° (1/2 of a sextile [60°]). A separation of 30±2° is considered a semisextile. This aspect signifies a weak strain connected with making decisions. Alternate names include confinis and inconjunct. Image File history File links Semisextile-symbol. ...


Quintile (abrv. QNT)

Image:Quintile-symbol.png The quintile is an angle of 72°. A separation of 72±2° is considered a quintile. This aspect is considered somewhat similar to a semisextile (moderately beneficial), but effort is not needed to reap its benefits. Image File history File links Quintile-symbol. ...


Biquintile (abrv. BQT)

Image:Biquintile-symbol.png The biquintile is an angle of 144° (a quintile [72°] x 2 = 144°). A separation of 144±2° is considered a biquintile. This is considered similar to a quintile. Image File history File links Biquintile-symbol. ...


Other Aspects disregarding the classical "major" and "minor" categories

Many Uranian astrologers use only the 22.5° multiple aspects, including the 67.5°°, 112.5, and 157.5° aspects, claiming that they are not "minor." Alfred Witte 1878-1941 Uranian Astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ...


Some Hamburg School astrologers consider multiples of the 15°, including the 75°, 105°, and 165° aspects. The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte. ...


Declinations

The parallel and antiparallel (or contraparallel) are two other aspects, which refer to degrees of declination above or below the ecliptic. They are considered strong influences, though not much research has gone into studying these particular aspects. In astronomy, declination (abbrev. ... The plane of the ecliptic is well seen in this picture from the 1994 lunar prospecting Clementine spacecraft. ...

  • Parallel: same degree± 1-degree 12-minutes of arc. This is similar to a conjunction, but usually provides benefits.
  • Contraparallel: opposite degree± 1-degree 12-minute of arc. Said to be similar to the opposition, but weaker.

References and further reading

  • Addey, John. Harmonic Anthology. American Federation of Astrologers: Tempe, 1976. ISBN 0-86690-061-6.
  • Avery, Jean. Astrological Aspects. American Federation of Astrologers: USA, 2004. ISBN 0-86690-553-7.
  • Braha, James. How To Be a Greta Astrologer: The Planetary Aspects Explained. Hermetician Press: Hollywood, 1992. ISBN 0-935895-02-7.
  • Brau, Jean-Louis. Larousse Encyclopedia of Astrology. McGraw-Hill: New York, 1977.
  • Brummund, Ruth. Brummund Technique Book for Uranian Astrology. Uranian Institute: San Francisco, 2006.
  • Carter, Charles. The Astrological Aspects. American Federation of Astrologers: USA, 1993. ISBN 0-86690-420-4.
  • Dean, Geoffey. Recent Advanced in Natal Astrology. Astrological Association: Bromley, 1977.
  • Ebertin, Reinhold. The Combination of Stellar Influences. American Federation of Astrologers: Tempe, 1972. ISBN 0-86690-087-X.
  • Gauquelin, Françoise. Psychology of the Planets. Astro Computing Services: San Diego, 1982.
  • Gauquelin, Michel. Cosmic Influences on Human Behavior. Stein and Day: New York, 1973.
  • Hamaker-Zondag, Karen. Aspects and Personality. Weiser: York Beach, 1990. ISBN 0-87728-650-7.
  • Hamaker-Zondag, Karen. The Yod Book: Including a Complete Discussion of Unaspected Planets]]. Weiser: York Beach, 2000. ISBN 1-57863-163-7.
  • Huber, Bruno. Aspect Pattern Astrology: A New Holistic Horoscope Interpretation Method. Hopewell: USA, 2005. ISBN 0-9547680-1-9.
  • Kepler, Johannes. The Harmony of the World (1619) (Latin: Harmonice Mundi). American Philosophical Society: USA, 1997. ISBN 0-87169-209-0.
  • Kepler, Johannes. On The More Certain Fundamentals of Astrology (1601) (Latin: De Fundamentis Astrologiae Certioribus). Kessinger Publishing: USA, 2003. ISBN 0-7661-3375-3.
  • Meyer, Michael. Handbook for the Humanistic Astrologer. Anchor Books: New York, 1974.
  • Pelletier, Robert. Planets in Aspect: Understanding Your Inner Dynamics. Whitford Press: Atglen, 1974. ISBN 0-914918-20-6.
  • Rodden, Lois. Modern Transits. American Federation of Astrologers: Tempe, 1980.
  • Rudhyar, Dane. Astrological Aspects. Aurora Press: USA, 1980. ISBN 0-943358-00-0.
  • Soric, John. The New Age Astrologer. Star Astrology: San Antonio, 1976.
  • Tarnas, Richard. Cosmos and Psyche: Intimations of a New World View. Viking: New York, 2006. ISBN 0-670-03292-1.
  • Tierney, Bill. Dynamics of Aspect Analysis: New Perceptions in Astrology. CRCS Publications: USA, 1993. ISBN 0-916360-56-3.
  • Tompkins, Sue. Aspects in Astrology: A Guide to Understanding Planetary Relationships in the Horoscope. Destiny Books: Rochester, 2002. ISBN 0-89281-965-0.

Charles Ernest Owen Carter (1887-1968) - Prominent 20th century astrologer and astrological writer. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ... The Combination of Stellar Influences is a significant astrological reference and research text first published in 1940 by the German astrologer Reinhold Ebertin, derived largely from material in the Rulebook for Planetary Pictures by Alfred Witte, published in 1932 but soon banned by the Third Reich. ... Michel Gauquelin (November 13, 1928 - May 20, 1991) was a French psychologist and statistician who, along with his wife Francoise, conducted serious statistical research into astrology. ... Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German Lutheran mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and a key figure in the 17th century astronomical revolution. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Harmonice Mundi (1619) is a book by Johannes Kepler. ... Dane Rudhyar (born Daniel Chennevière, March 23, 1895, in Paris - died September 13, 1985, in San Francisco) was a modernist composer and humanistic astrologer. ... Richard Tarnas, author of The Passion of the Western Mind and Cosmos and Psyche, is a cultural historian and professor of philosophy and psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies in San Francisco, and founding director of its graduate program in Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness. ...

See also

Astrology Portal

Image File history File links Astrology_Project. ... A table with the aspects (opposition, conjunction to sun, etc. ... A table with the aspects (opposition, conjunction to sun, etc. ... A table with the aspects (opposition, conjunction to sun, etc. ... A table with the aspects (opposition, conjunction to sun, etc. ... A table with the aspects (opposition, conjunction to sun, etc. ... A table with the aspects (opposition, conjunction to sun, etc. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ... The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte. ... Example of a natal chart In astrology, a natal chart is the term used to describe a horoscope drawn for the exact time of an individuals birth at a particular place on Earth, for the purposes of gaining information about the individual. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 Uranian Astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ... Harmonice Mundi (1619) is a book by Johannes Kepler. ...

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