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Encyclopedia > Astrakhan Oblast
Flag of Astrakhan Oblast
Flag of Astrakhan Oblast

Astrakhan Oblast (Russian: Астраха́нская о́бласть, Astrakhanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), with an area of 44,100 km², and a population of 1,005,276 (according to the 2002 Census). Its administrative center is the city of Astrakhan. Its governor is Aleksandr Zhilkin. Image File history File links Flag_of_Astrakhan_Oblast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Astrakhan_Oblast. ... Image File history File links RussiaAstrakhan2007-01. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Astrakhan coat of arms features the Khans crown and a sabre Astrakhan (Russian: ; Tatar: Ästerxan), a major city in southern European Russia and the administrative center of Astrakhan Oblast. ... Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Zhilkin (born 1959) is the governor of Astrakhan Oblast in Russia. ...

Contents

Geography

Time zone

Astrakhan Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD). Image File history File links RTZ2. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Moscow Time (Russian: ) is the time zone for the city of Moscow, Russia and most of western Russia, including Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ...

Administrative divisions

Towns under the federal government management: Znamensk (Знаменск) Cities and towns under the oblasts jurisdiction: Astrakhan (Астрахань) (administrative center) city districts: Kirovsky (Кировский) Leninsky (Ленинский) Sovetsky (Советский) Trusovsky (Трусовский) Akhtubinsk (Ахтубинск) Districts: Akhtubinsky (Ахтубинский) Urban settlements under the districts jurisdiction: Nizhny Baskunchak (Нижний Баскунчак) Verkhny Baskunchak (Верхний Баскунчак) with 12 selsovets under the districts jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

Population:
1,005,276 (2002)


Ethnic groups:
According to the 2002 Census the ‘national composition’ was • Russian 69.69% • Kazakh 14.21% • Tatar 7.02% • Ukrainian 1.25% • Chechen 1.00% • Azeri 0.82% • Kalmyk 0.71% • Armenian 0.63% • Nogay 0.45% • Roma 0.43% • Avar 0.42% • Lezgin 0.36% • Dargin 0.35% • Belarusan 0.26% • Turkmen 0.21% • Korean 0.21% • Astrakhan Tatar 0.20% • German 0.14% • Kumyks 0.14% • Georgian 0.12% • Chuvash 0.12% • Turkish 0.11% • Uzbek 0.10% • Jewish 0.10% • Mordvin 0.09% • Tabasaran 0.08% • with many other groups of less than eight hundred persons each. • An additional 0.29% of residents declined to state their nationality or ethnocultural identity on the census questionnaire.[1] Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Languages Kazakh (and/or languages in country of residence) Religions Sunni Islam Related ethnic groups Kipchaks and other Turkic tribes, ancient Indo-Iranian tribes, Mongols The Kazakhs (also spelled Qazaqs; Kazakh: Қазақтар []; Russian: Казахи; the English name is transliterated from Russian) are a Turkic people of the northern parts of Central Asia... Kültigin Monument where first mention of Tatar people is inscribed Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ... This article covers the Chechen people as an ethnic group, not Chechen meaning citizens of Chechnya. ... Aside from a large Azeri community that is native to Russias Dagestan Republic, the majority of Azeris in Russia are fairly recent immigrants. ... The Kalmyks (alternatively Kalmucks, Kalmuks, or Kalmyki) are the descendants of the Oirats, the historic and collective identity of the West Mongolian people. ... Flag of the Nogai people The Nogai, also spelled Nogay, Noghai, and often called the Caucasian Mongols (Caucasian referring to their geographical position in the Caucasus mountains, not to their ethnicity), are a Turkic people and an important ethnic group in the Daghestan region who speak the Turkic Nogai language. ... Roma may refer to: Roma people, also known as Gypsies Rome, the capital of Italy, its name in Italian and several other languages ROMA, Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis, a genomics technology A.S. Roma, an Italian football (soccer) team Roma (mythology), Roman deity Roma (film), three films of that name... The word Avars can mean: The nomadic people that conquered the Hungarian Steppe in the early Middle Ages, the Eurasian Avars. ... Flag of the Lezgian people The Lezgins, also called the Lezgin, Lezgi, Lezgis, Lezgs, and Lezgians are an ethnic group who live mainly in southern Dagestan and northern Azerbaijan who speak the Lezgi language. ... Dargwa language: It is a native to the region and spoken by 350,000 people in Western Dagestan with two dialects Dargwa and Lakh. ... Belarusians or Belarusans (Belarusian: , previously also spelled Belarussians, Byelorussians and Belorussians) are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus and form minorities in neighboring Poland (especially in the former Bialystok province), Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. ... The Astrakhan Khanate was a predominantly Turkic ( Tatar) state which existed in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in the area adjacent to the mouth of the Volga, where the contemporary city of Astrakhan is now located. ... Kumyks are a Turkic people occupying the Kumyk plateau in north Dagestan and south Terek, and the lands bordering the Caspian Sea. ... The Chuvash are a bunch of pakis . ... The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Mordvins (Mordva) are a people who speak languages of the Finno-Permic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family. ... The Tabasarans are an ethnic group who live mostly in Dagestan, Russia. ...


History

Astrakhan guberniya of the Russian Empire was created in 1717. It was on the South-Western outskirts of the empire and was known as the Astrakhan krai. Guberniya (Russian: ) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. ... Anthem: God Save the Tsar! Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Saint Petersburg Language(s) Russian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721-1725 Peter the Great  - 1894-1917 Nicholas II History  - Established 22 October, 1721  - February Revolution 2 March, 1917 Area  - 1897 22,400,000 km2 8,648,688 sq mi Population  - 1897... Krai (Russian: край; British English transliteration: kray), is a term used to refer to several of Russias 89 administrative regions (federal subjects). ...

Volga Delta in Astrakhan Oblast.
Volga Delta in Astrakhan Oblast.

As of 1917, it bordered on Saratov, Samara, and Stavropol guberniyas, Don Cossack Voisko, Ural Cossack Host, Terek oblast, and the Caspian Sea. It included the Kalmyk steppe and Kyrgyz steppe. Image File history File linksMetadata Astrakhan_Volgadelta. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Astrakhan_Volgadelta. ... Volga Delta and northwestern Caspian Sea Lotus plant—The Volga Delta is the only place in Russia where pelicans, flamingoes, and lotuses may be found. ... Saratov (Russian: ) is a major city in southern European Russia. ... Samara (Russian: ), from 1935 to 1991—Kuybyshev (), is a major city situated on the Volga River in the southeastern part of European Russia, Volga Federal District, the administrative center of Samara Oblast. ... Stavropol (Russian: ) is a city located in south-western Russia. ... Don Cossack Voisko (Don Cossack Host) (Всевеликое Войско Донское)is the name of a frontier military organisation of Don Cossacks (cossack host) in Imperial Russia since the end of the 16th century. ... The Ural Cossack Host was a cossack host formed from the Ural Cossacks -- those cossacks settled by the Ural River. ... Terek River in North Georgia. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume,[1] with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,244 mi²) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,761 mi³).[2] It is a landlocked endorheic body of water and lies between... Kalmuk Steppe, or Kalmyk Steppe is a steppe of approximately 100,000 km2, bordering the northwest Caspian Sea, bounded by the Volga on the N.E., the Manych on the S.W. and the territory of the Don Cossacks on the N.W. The historic home to the Kalmuck or... Kyrgyz (also spelled Kirghiz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ...


Since 1919 the geography of the guberniya/oblast has been changed many times. It assumed its present form in 1957.


See also

The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Arabic خزر; Persianخزر ; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Location Saqsin was a medieval city that flourished from the eleventh to the thirteenth centuries. ... Kmek or Kimak was a nomadic tribe lived in modern Astrakhan Oblast of Russia in 9th-13th century. ... It has been suggested that Nogai Horde be merged into this article or section. ... The Khanate of Astrakhan (Xacitarxan Khanate) was a Tatar feudal state that appeared after the collapse of the Golden Horde. ... The Republic of Kalmykia (Russian: Респу́блика Калмы́кия; Kalmyk: Хальм Тангч) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Astrakhan is a Caucasian region of Russia with a rich musical history. ...

Reference

  • "Astrakhan Oblast. A Reference on Administrative-Territorial Subdivision, 1918-1983", Volgograd, 1984, in Russian. ("Астраханская область. Справочник по административно-территориальному делению, 1918-1983 гг." Волгоград: Ниж.-Волж. кн. изд-во, 1984. – 336 с.)

Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ...

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of Astrakhan Oblast
  • (Russian) Geographical Domain of Astrakhan Oblast
  • (Russian) The Book of Memory of Victims of Political Represions of Astrakan Oblast, a list of 10,955 names repressed in Astrakhan Oblast in 1918-1986.
Administrative divisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygea | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita1 | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous okrugs Aga Buryatia1 | Chukotka | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On 1 March 2008, Chita Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Zabaykalsky Krai.
  2. On January 1, 2008, Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On July 1, 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga

  Results from FactBites:
 
Astrakhan Oblast travel guide - Wikitravel (0 words)
Astrakhan Oblast is a region in Southern Russia located in the steppe around the Volga and the northwestern Caspian Sea.
It borders Volgograd Oblast to the north, Kalmykia to the west, and Kazakhstan to the East
Today Astrakhan Oblast is a relatively sleepy, sparsely populated region near the confluence of the Volga River and the Caspian Sea, notable for its large gas reserves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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