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Encyclopedia > Astoria, Queens
Aerial view of the Triborough Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right) spanning Astoria Park and the Astoria Pool
Aerial view of the Triborough Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right) spanning Astoria Park and the Astoria Pool

Astoria is a neighborhood in the northwestern corner of the borough of Queens in New York City. Located in Community Board 1, Astoria is bounded by the East River and is adjacent to three other Queens neighborhoods: Long Island City (bordering at Broadway), Sunnyside (bordering at Northern Boulevard), and Woodside (bordering at 50th Street). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1128x741, 164 KB) Aerial view of the Hell Gate Bridge and one span of the Triborough Bridge, between Astoria Park, Queens and Wards Island, New York City. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1128x741, 164 KB) Aerial view of the Hell Gate Bridge and one span of the Triborough Bridge, between Astoria Park, Queens and Wards Island, New York City. ... The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate rights-of-way between the water crossings. ... The Hell Gate Bridge (originally the New York Connecting Railroad Bridge) is a 1,017-foot (310 m) steel arch railroad bridge between Astoria in the borough of Queens and Randalls and Wards Islands (which are now joined into one island and are politically part of Manhattan) in New York... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... Queens County, often referred to as simply Queens, is the largest in area of the five boroughs of New York City, USA. It is home to New York Citys two major airports (John F. Kennedy and LaGuardia), the New York Mets baseball team, the USTA National Tennis Center, Silvercup... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Queens Community Board 1 is a local governement unit of the city of New York, encompassing the neighborhoods of Astoria, Old Astoria, Long Island City, Queensbridge, Ditmars, Ravenswood, Steinway, Garden Bay, and Woodside, in the borough of Queens. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... Industrial Long Island City, Manhattan Skyline behind. ... Sunnyside is a neighborhood in the western portion of the New York City borough of Queens. ... New York State Route 25A is a New York State highway and the main East-West route for most of the North Shore of Long Island, New York running from the Queens-Midtown Tunnel at its Western terminus to Calverton at its Eastern end. ... Queens, the most ethnically diverse county in the United States, is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City. ...

Contents

Origin of the name

Originally, Astoria was known as Hallet's Cove, but was renamed after John Jacob Astor in order to persuade him to invest $2,000 in the neighborhood. He contributed only $500 to the neighborhood, but the name stayed.[1] It has been said that Astoria was named for a man who never set foot in it. A bitter battle over naming the village was finally won by supporters and friends of Astor who had become the wealthiest man in America by 1840 with a net worth of over $40 million. Astor did live in "Astoria" (his summer home), built in Manhattan on what is now East 87th Street near York Avenue, from which he could see across the river the new Long Island village named in his honor. John Jacob Astor, detail of an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794 John Jacob (originally either Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob) Astor (July 17, 1763 - March 29, 1848) was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, the creator of the first Trust... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, New York, USA, coterminous with New York County. ... York Avenue is a short north-south thoroughfare on the East Side of Manhattan in New York City. ...


Ethnic heritage

Fruit market on Broadway, a major neighborhood thoroughfare and retail area.
Fruit market on Broadway, a major neighborhood thoroughfare and retail area.

Astoria was first settled by the Dutch and Germans in the first half of the 17th century. The next wave of immigration came in the 1890s when Czech, Irish and Italian immigrants moved to Astoria. By the 1920s, Irish immigrants founded many of the neighborhood's Catholic parishes – Our Lady of Mount Carmel, St. Patrick's, St. Mary's, Immaculate Conception, Most Precious Blood, and St. Joseph's. Most of these churches continue to serve the Catholic community, which now includes recent immigrants from Latin America and Eastern Europe. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 558 pixelsFull resolution (3078 × 2148 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 558 pixelsFull resolution (3078 × 2148 pixel, file size: 2. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ...


The 1960s saw a large number of ethnic Greeks from Greece, Albania and Cyprus. The Greek cultural imprint can be seen in the numerous Greek restaurants, bakeries, taverns and cafes, as well as several Greek Orthodox churches. Astoria has the largest number of people outside Greece with Greek heritage. Approximately 30-35% of Astoria's 140,000+ residents claim Greek ethnicity. [citation needed] Languages Greek Religions Predominantly Greek Orthodox, with Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim and Atheist minorities. ... Greek Orthodox Church can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches: the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, headed by the Patriarch of Constantinople, who is also the first among equals of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ...


Starting in the mid 1970s, an Arab population began to arrive in Astoria. They were mostly of Lebanese stock, but more recent immigrants from Yemen and Morocco have settled in the neighborhood, as well. A little after the Arabs began to arrive, a Latino population began to grow in the neighborhood, too.


Geography

There is some debate as to what constitutes the geographic boundaries of Astoria. The neighborhood was part of Long Island City (LIC) prior to the latter's incorporation into the City of New York in 1898, and much of it is still classified as LIC by the USPS. Long Island City, New York, often abbreviated L.I.C., is an area in the borough of Queens in New York City. ... A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ...


The area south of Astoria was called Ravenswood, and traditionally, Broadway was the considered the border between the two. Today, however, many residents and businesses south of Broadway identify themselves as Astorians for convenience or status, since Long Island City has historically been considered an industrial area, and Ravenswood is now mostly a low-income neighborhood. The eastern section of Astoria, with Steinway Street as its main thoroughfare, is sometimes referred to as "Steinway" and considered to be a separate neighborhood. There are many places named Ravenswood: In Australia: Ravenswood, Tasmania, suburb of Launceston In the United Kingdom: Ravenswood, Scottish Borders Ravenswood, West Sussex Ravenswood, Ipswich In the United States: Ravenswood, West Virginia In Beowulf: A forest in Sweden where there was a battle between Geats and Swedes. ... Industrial district is a term used to describe an area where workers of a monolithic heavy industry (ship-building, coal mining, steel-working, ceramics, etc) live within walking-distance of their places of work. ...


Astoria is served by the N and W subway lines – formerly called the BMT – which run along an elevated track above 31st Street. Subway stops are located at several east-west avenues, with the terminus at Ditmars Boulevard, which extends roughly eastward from Astoria Park to the Marine Air Terminal at LaGuardia Airport. The next major avenue south of Ditmars with a subway stop is Astoria Boulevard, which flanks the Grand Central Parkway and the Triborough Bridge. Below that is the 30th Avenue stop, then Broadway. The N Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The W Astoria-Broadway Local is train service operated by New York City Transit Authority. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... An Elevated line or EL is basically an elevated subway which runs on a viaduct or bridge. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Interior of the terminal. ... LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA, ICAO: KLGA, FAA LID: LGA) is an airport serving New York City, New York, United States, located on the waterfront of Flushing Bay, and borders the neighborhoods of Astoria, Jackson Heights and East Elmhurst in the borough of Queens. ... The Grand Central Parkway is a parkway that stretches from the Triborough Bridge in New York City to Nassau County in Long Island. ... The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate rights-of-way between the water crossings. ...


Farthest south is 36th Avenue, a minor commercial strip which is a prominent Bengali area with traditional restaurants and shops. The primary streets running north-south are Vernon Boulevard along the East River; 21st Street, a major traffic artery with a mix of residential, commercial and industrial areas; 31st Street; and Steinway Street (named for Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, founder of the Steinway & Sons piano factory[2]), a major commercial street with many retail stores, and a very prominent Middle Eastern section between Astoria Boulevard and 28th Avenue referred to as "Little Egypt". The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg (February 17, 1797 - February 7, 1871), piano manufacturer, also Heinrich Engelhardt Steinweg and . ... Modern Steinway Decal Steinway & Sons is a piano maker based in New York City and Hamburg, Germany. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Places of interest

The historic Eagle Electric company warehouse in Astoria (left). Once abandoned, now being turned into a condominium development.
The historic Eagle Electric company warehouse in Astoria (left). Once abandoned, now being turned into a condominium development.

Image File history File linksMetadata Eagle_Warehouse_Astoria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Eagle_Warehouse_Astoria. ... Eagle Electric Manufacturing Company, founded in 1920 was a maker of electrical devices, switches and circuit units based in Long Island City, New York, in the borough of Queens. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... The Kaufman Astoria Studios are in Queens, New York, and home to productions like Sesame Street. ... Located at the site of the former Astoria Studios (now operating as the Kaufman-Astoria Studios) in the borough of Queens in New York City (USA), the Museum of the Moving Image (originally named the Astoria Motion Picture and Television Center Foundation) was founded in 1977. ... The Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum displays a comprehensive collection of artwork by the Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988). ... Socrates Sculpture Park is located in the neighborhood Long Island City, Queens (New York City, USA) at the intersection of Broadway and Vernon Boulevard. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... The Hell Gate Bridge (originally the New York Connecting Railroad Bridge) is a 1,017-foot (310 m) steel arch railroad bridge between Astoria in the borough of Queens and Randalls and Wards Islands (which are now joined into one island and are politically part of Manhattan) in New York... The New York Connecting Railroad or NYCR is a rail line in Queens, New York City. ... A typical beer garden in Munich A beer garden is an open-air area where alcohol is legally served. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Bohemians are inhabitants of Bohemia, in the Czech Republic. ...

Astoria in popular culture

The neighborhood has often been featured in television and film, either as Astoria or as a setting for another location in New York City. In the 1970s television sitcom All in the Family, Archie Bunker and his family lived at the fictional address 704 Hauser Street in Astoria.[4] A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Information Gender Male Age 50 (in 1974) Date of birth 1924 Date of death Unknown (still alive as of 1983) Occupation Blue Collar (19??-1978) Bar Owner (1979-????) Family Michael Stivic (son-in-law) Joey Stivic (grandson) Alfred Bunker (brother) Barbara Lee Billie Bunker (niece) Katherine Bunker (sister-in-law...


The block of 37th Street between Ditmars Boulevard and 23rd Avenue is sometimes referred to as "the Seinfeld Street." In the Seinfeld television show, this street is occasionally seen in external establishing shots as the block where George Costanza's parents live. Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... In film and television, an establishing shot sets up, or establishes, a scenes setting and/or its participants. ... Information Aliases Art Vandelay, Biff Loman, Buck Naked, Canstanje Gender Male Age Late 30s Occupation various jobs Family Frank (father) Estelle (mother) Brother Shelly (cousin) Susan Biddle Ross (Fiancee) (Deceased) Portrayed by Jason Alexander Created by Larry David George Louis Costanza (b. ...


The television series Cosby, starring Bill Cosby, Phylicia Rashad and Madeleine Kahn (not to be confused with the earlier series The Cosby Show) was set in Astoria and was filmed there, at the Kaufman Astoria Studios on 35th Avenue.[5] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... William Henry Bill Cosby, Jr. ... In a Mothers Day survey, Rashads character on The Cosby Show, Claire Huxtable, was named, TV mom closest to your own mom in spirit. ... Madeline Kahn (September 29, 1942 – December 3, 1999) was an Academy Award-nominated, Daytime Emmy and Tony Award Award winning Jewish American actress of movie, television, and theater distinguished by an unusual gift for comedy. ... The Cosby Show is an American television sitcom starring Bill Cosby, first broadcast on September 20, 1984 and ran for eight seasons on the NBC television network, until April 30, 1992. ... The Kaufman Astoria Studios are in Queens, New York, and home to productions like Sesame Street. ...


Two notable Robert De Niro films were filmed on location in Astoria – Goodfellas and A Bronx Tale. While the latter was obviously set in the Bronx, most of the exterior scenes were filmed in Astoria as well as the nearby neighborhood of Woodside. The high school featured in the film is William Cullen Bryant High School on 31st Avenue and the church used in the in the film is St Joseph's on 30th Avenue. Robert Mario De Niro Jr. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... Woodside is the name of several places or entities in the English-speaking world: // Woodside, South Australia is a town Woodside, Victoria is another town Woodside Petroleum is an Australian company Woodside is a neighborhood in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia Woodside, New Zealand is a locality near Greytown in the Wairarapa... William Cullen Bryant High School, or Bryant High School for short, is a secondary school located in Queens, New York City, New York which educates grades 9 through 12. ...


Astoria is also the final resting place of New York City mobster Frank Costello as well as ragtime composer and musician Scott Joplin, both Costello and Joplin are interred at St. Michael's Cemetery. The church hosts annual public events and concerts to celebrate Joplin's musical legacy, including a Joplin retrospective.[6] Mobster is a slang term for a person who participates in organized crime, which is known as belonging to the Mob. In western stories and movies, cowboys as mobsters are known as outlaws. ... Frank Costello, born Francesco Castiglia, or Castilla (January 26, 1891 - February 18, 1973) was an American gangster who rose to the top of Americas underworld, controlled a vast gambling empire across the United States and had political influence like no other La Cosa Nostra boss. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Scott Joplin (born between June 1867 – January 1868[1]; died April 1, 1917) was an American musician and composer of ragtime music. ...


Much of the infamous Civil Defense short Duck and Cover was filmed in Astoria, with local schoolchildren as the actors. The title screen from the film. ...


Education

Image File history File links Information. ...

Schools

New York City Department of Education operates Astoria's public schools. The Official Seal of the City of New York The New York City Department of Education is the branch of municipal government in New York City that manages the citys public school system. ...


Libraries

Queens Borough Public Library operates the Astoria Branch, the Broadway Branch, and the Steinway Branch. The Queens Borough Public Library, or QBPL is the public library for the Borough of Queens and one of three library systems serving New York City. ...


Notable people from Astoria

Born and raised in Astoria

JoAnn Falletta is an American classical musician and an award-winning orchestral conductor. ... The Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra is located in Buffalo, New York, near DYouville College. ... Founded in 1920, the Virginia Symphony Orchestra has served the communities of Hampton Roads for over eight decades and has grown into a fully professional ensemble recognized as one of the nation’s leading regional symphony orchestras. ... The Honolulu Symphony, also known as the Honolulu Symphony Orchestra, is the official symphonic orchestra of the City & County of Honolulu in the State of Hawaii. ... Edward Charles Whitey Ford (born October 21, 1928) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Centerfold photo of George Maharis in the July 1973 issue of Playgirl Magazine George Maharis (born September 1, 1928 in Astoria, New York) is an American actor and was one of seven children born to Greek immigrants. ... Christopher Walken (born March 31, 1943) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actor. ...

Born in Astoria

Alvey Augustus Adee (November 27, 1842 – July 4, 1924) was a long-time employee of the United States Department of State who served as the acting Secretary of State in 1898. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares General Ramón Blanco Casualties 3,289 U.S. dead (432 from combat); considerably higher although undetermined Cuban and Filipino... For other persons named Tony Bennett, see Tony Bennett (disambiguation). ... John Anthony Frusciante (IPA pronunciation: ) (born March 5, 1970) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... Red Hot Chili Peppers is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. ... George Gibbs (born 1815 in Astoria, Queens, died 1873) was an American geologist and ethnologist who contributed to the study of the languages of indigenous peoples in Washington Territory. ... An independent origin and development of writing is counted among the many achievements and innovations of pre-Columbian American cultures. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... Jack Kelly (September 16, 1927—November 7, 1992 in Astoria, Queens, New York) was an American film and television actor most noted for the role of Bart Maverick in the TV series Maverick, which ran on ABC from 1957 to 1962. ... Maverick is a comedy-western television series created by Roy Huggins that ran from September 22, 1957 to July 8, 1962 on ABC and featured James Garner, Roger Moore, and Jack Kelly as poker-playing travelling gamblers. ... A Nick Kenny poem illustrated by Richard Bassford Nicholas Napoleon Kenny (February 3, 1895, Astoria, Queens - December 14, 1975, Sarasota, Florida) was a syndicated newspaper columnist, a song lyricist and a poet who wrote light verse in the Edgar Guest tradition. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Prisoner is a 1967 UK allegorical science fiction television series starring Patrick McGoohan. ... Ethel Merman (January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was a Tony Award winning star of stage and film musicals, well known for her powerful voice and vocal range. ... The Lion King at the New Amsterdam Theatre, 2003 Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Alfred Adolf Al Oerter, Jr. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Statue of discus thrower in Botanic Garden, Copenhagen, Denmark The Discus throw is an athletic throwing event in track and field competition. ... David Lawrence Schwimmer (born November 12, 1966) is an Emmy-nominated American actor and director, who gained popularity when playing Ross Geller on the American sitcom Friends. ... Information Aliases Vikram, Clifford Alveres, Ron, Red-Ross, Rossatron, Cookie Dude, Ross The Divorcer, Ross The Divorce Force, Divorco, Professor McNails-his-students Gender Male Age 36 (by series end) Occupation Paleontologist Title PhD Family Jack Geller (father) Judy Geller (mother) Monica Geller (sister) Jack and Erica Bing (niece and... For the use of the word in a general sense, see Friendship. ...

Other past and present residents

Ted Alexandro is one of the rising young comedians in the country. ... Dan Allen Dan Allen is a stand-up comedian currently based in New York City. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... Adrien Brody (born April 14, 1973) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ... Chester Carlson Chester F. Carlson (February 8, 1906 - September 19, 1968) was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington. ... Chester F. Carlson Xerography (or Electrophotography) is a photocopying technique developed by Chester Carlson in 1938 and patented on October 6, 1942. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Chad in Mad Real World. ... Cynthia Ann Stephanie Lauper (born June 22, 1953), better known as Cyndi Lauper, is a singer whose melodic voice and wild costumes have come to epitomize the 1980s, the decade in which she first came to fame. ... Girls Just Want to Have Fun was the first major single released by singer Cyndi Lauper as a solo artist. ... Sam Lipsyte (b. ... Born July 26, 1970 in New York City, Dito Montiel came into the public eye after the breakup of his hardcore punk band Major Conflict. ... A Guide to Recognizing Your Saints is a 2006 crime/drama film written and directed by Dito Montiel and based on his memoir of the same name. ... William Steinway (b. ... Modern Steinway Decal Steinway & Sons is a piano maker based in New York City and Hamburg, Germany. ...

External links

General information

  • Map of Astoria from Yahoo.com
  • Map of neighborhood boundaries in Queens

Articles and news

Local cultural organizations

Government resources

  • 114th Precinct of the New York Police Department
  • NYC Board of Education assessment of Astoria public schools

Community interest sites

  • Astoria-Ditmars.com, calendar of events and business directory primarily focused on the Ditmars Boulevard section of the neighborhood.
  • Astorians.com, a community website and Internet forum with calendar, events, bulletin board and other information.
  • Astoria NYC, neighborhood blog maintained by Astoria residents.
  • Wikipages Astoria, a wiki-based business directory for Astoria.

A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A typical Internet forum discussion, with common elements such as quotes and spoiler brackets A forum discussion heavy in emoticons and Internet slang An Internet forum is a web application for holding discussions and posting user generated content. ...

Pictures

  • New York Photography - Astoria, Black-White and Color Pictures of Astoria.

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Astoria
  1. ^ If You're Thinking of Living In/Astoria; Accessible, Affordable and Highly Diverse, The New York Times, October 19, 2003
  2. ^ Street Necrology of Astoria, accessed December 31, 2006)
  3. ^ Bohemian Hall History, accessed July 20, 2006
  4. ^ 'All in the Family' - the TV Sitcom, BBC.co.uk, accessed December 31, 2006
  5. ^ "Cosby". IMDB.com.
  6. ^ St. Michael's Cemetary:Events Page. Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
  7. ^ Photos: Tony Bennett in Astroia, Newsday, September 13, 2006
  8. ^ (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume,1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 
  9. ^ Petsalis-Diomidis, Nicholas (2001). The Unknown Callas: The Greek Years. Amadeus Press. ISBN 1-57467-059-X. 
  10. ^ Chester's Dream: The Genesis of the Modern Photocopier, Industrial Market Trends, April 9, 2001

  Results from FactBites:
 
Queens: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (4245 words)
Queens was established in 1683 as one of the original 12 counties of New York and was named for the then-queen consort, Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II.
The part of Queens County that was not consolidated into New York City, consisting of the towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay and all of the Town of Hempstead, except the Rockaway Peninsula, was constituted as the new Nassau County in 1899.
Queens' Borough President is Helen Marshall, elected as a Democrat in 2001 and re-elected in 2005.
Astoria: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (1112 words)
Astoria is a neighborhood in the northwestern corner of the borough of Queens in New York City.
Astoria is next to Long Island City (bordering at 36th Avenue), Sunnyside (bordering at Northern Boulevard), and Woodside (bordering at 50th Street), along the East River.
Ethel Merman, a Broadway actress and singer was born in Astoria in 1908.
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