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Encyclopedia > Asterisk

An asterisk (*), is a typographical symbol or glyph. It is so called because it resembles a conventional image of a star (Latin astrum). Computer scientists and mathematicians often pronounce it as star (as, for example, in the A* search algorithm or C* algebra). Asterisk can mean: For the punctuation (*), typed as Shift+8 on most computer keyboards,) see Asterisk. ... Typography (from the Greek words typos = form and grapho = write) is the art and technique of selecting and arranging type styles, point sizes, line lengths, line leading, character spacing, and word spacing for typeset applications. ... variant glyphs representing the character a (allographs of a) in the Zapfino typeface. ... In computer science, A* (pronounced A star) is a graph/tree search algorithm that finds a path from a given initial node to a given goal node (or one passing a given goal test). ... C*-algebras are an important area of research in functional analysis, a branch of mathematics. ...


The asterisk derives from the need of the printers of family trees in feudal times for a symbol to indicate date of birth. The original shape was six-armed, each arm like a teardrop shooting from the center. For this reason, in some computer circles it is called a splat, perhaps due to the "squashed-bug" appearance of the asterisk on many early line printers.


Many cultures have their own unique version of the asterisk. In Japan a character with a similar use looks like an X with dots surrounding it. This mark looks like the Chinese character for rice: 米. The Arabic asterisk is six-pointed. In some fonts the asterisk is five-pointed and the Arabic star is eight-pointed. For other uses, see X (disambiguation). ... Japanese name Kanji: Hiragana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Hán tá»±: A Chinese character or Han character (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a logogram used in writing Chinese, Japanese, sometimes Korean, and formerly Vietnamese. ... For stars with Arabic names, see List of Arabic star names. ...

*

v  d  e

Punctuation The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ...

apostrophe ( ' )
brackets ( ), [ ], { }, < >
colon ( : )
comma ( , )
dashes ( , , , )
ellipsis ( , ... )
exclamation mark ( ! )
full stop/period ( . )
guillemets ( « » )
hyphen ( -, )
question mark ( ? )
quotation marks ( ‘ ’, “ ” )
semicolon ( ; )
slash/stroke ( / )
solidus ( )
For the prime symbol (′) used for feet and inches, see Prime (symbol). ... For technical reasons, :) and some similar combinations starting with : redirect here. ... This article is about colons in punctuation. ... For other uses, see Comma. ... For other uses, see Dash (disambiguation). ... This article is about the punctuation symbol. ... an exclamation mark An exclamation mark, exclamation point or bang, !, is usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feeling. ... A full stop or period (sometimes stop, full point or dot), is the punctuation mark commonly placed at the end of several different types of sentences in English and many other languages. ... Guillemets, also called angle quotes, are line segments, pointed as if arrows (« or »), sometimes forming a complementary set of punctuation marks used as a form of quotation mark. ... This article is about the punctuation mark. ... ? redirects here. ... Quotation marks or inverted commas (also called quotes and speech marks) are punctuation marks used in pairs to set off speech, a quotation, a phrase or a word. ... A semicolon (  ;  ) is a punctuation mark. ... Due to technical limitations, /. redirects here. ... A solidus, oblique or slash, /, is a punctuation mark. ...

Interword separation

spaces ( ) ( ) ( )
interpunct ( · )
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A space is a punctuation convention for providing interword separation in some scripts, including the Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, and Arabic. ... An interpunct · is a small dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script, being perhaps the first consistent visual representation of word boundaries in written language. ...

General typography

ampersand ( & )
asterisk ( * )
at ( @ )
backslash ( )
bullet ( )
caret ( ^ )
currency ( ¤ ) ¢, $, , £, ¥, ₩,
dagger/obelisk ( ) ( )
degree ( ° )
inverted exclamation point ( ¡ )
inverted question mark ( ¿ )
number sign ( # )
numero sign ( )
percent and related signs
( %, ‰, )
pilcrow ( )
prime ( )
section sign ( § )
tilde/swung dash ( ~ )
umlaut/diaeresis ( ¨ )
underscore/understrike ( _ )
vertical/pipe/broken bar ( |, ¦ )
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... An ampersand (&), also commonly called an and sign is a logogram representing the conjunction and. ... “@” redirects here. ... The backslash ( ) is a typographical mark (glyph) used chiefly in computing. ... In typography, a bullet is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list, like below, also known as the point of a bullet: This is the text of a list item. ... For other uses, see Caret (disambiguation). ... A two cent euro coin A US penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals th of the basic unit of value. ... $ redirects here. ... The euro (&#8364;; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... This article is about the currency symbol. ... ¥ ¥9 Chinese price sticker ¥ is a currency sign used for the following currencies: Chinese yuan (CNY) Japanese yen (JPY) The base unit of the two currencies above share the same Chinese character (圓/元/円), pronounced yuan in Mandarin Chinese and en in Standard Japanese. ... ₩ is a currency sign that is used for the following currencies: North Korean won South Korean won Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop Category: ... ₪ ₪ is a currency sign that is used for the Israeli new sheqel currency which replaced the Israeli sheqel in 1985. ... Everyone please stop nitpicking on the use of daggers in theoldnewthing blog! This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article describes the typographical or mathematical symbol. ... The inverted question mark and exclamation point are used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences, respectively, in written Spanish. ... The inverted question mark and exclamation point are used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences, respectively, in written Spanish. ... Number sign is one name for the symbol #, and is the preferred Unicode name for the codepoint represented by that glyph. ... The Numero sign (U+2116) or Number sign is used in many languages to indicate ordinal numbering, especially in names and titles, rather than the US-derived number sign, #. For example, instead of Number 4 Privet Drive or #4 Privet Drive, one could write № 4 Privet Drive. The symbol is... The percent sign (%) is the symbol used to indicate a percentage (that the preceding number is divided by one hundred). ... A pilcrow from the font Gentium, designed by J. Victor Gaultney, 2002. ... This article is not about the symbol for the set of prime numbers, ℙ. The prime (′, Unicode U+2032, &prime;) is a symbol with many mathematical uses: A complement in set theory: A′ is the complement of the set A A point related to another (e. ... The section sign (§; Unicode U+00A7, HTML entity &sect;) is a typographical character used mainly to refer to a particular section of a document, such as a legal code. ... For the baseball player known as the Big Tilde, see Magglio Ordóñez. ... The umlaut mark (or simply umlaut) and the trema or diaeresis mark (or simply diaeresis) are two diacritics consisting of a pair of dots placed over a letter. ... The underscore _ is the character with ASCII value 95. ... The symbol (|) has various names that refer to differing, yet sometimes related semantics: One of the more popular names is the Sheffer stroke, though often referred to as a pipe (by the Unix community) and Vertical bar, verti-bar, vertical line or divider line by others. ...

Uncommon typography

asterism ( )
index/fist ( )
therefore sign ( )
lozenge ( )
interrobang ( )
irony mark ( ؟ )
reference mark ( )
sarcasm mark
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... In typography, an asterism is a rare symbol consisting of three asterisks placed in a triangle, used to call attention to a passage or to separate sub-chapters in a book. ... The symbol ☞ is a rare punctuation mark, called an index or fist. ...   In a mathematical proof, the therefore sign is a symbol that is sometimes placed before a logical consequence, such as the conclusion of a syllogism. ... A lozenge (â—Š) is a form of rhombus. ... For other uses, see Interrobang (disambiguation). ... The irony mark (ØŸ) (French: point d’ironie) is a punctuation mark that purports to indicate that a sentence should be understood at a second level. ... This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji. ... A sarcasm mark, also called a sarcasm point, helps the reader identify certain messages as being derogatory or ironic. ...

Contents

Usage

Written text

  • The asterisk is used to call out a footnote, especially when there is only one on the page. Less commonly, multiple asterisks are used to denote different footnotes on a page. (i.e., *, **, ***)
  • Three spaced asterisks centered on a page may represent a jump to a different scene or thought. See Horizontal rule.
  • One or more asterisks may be used to strike out portions of a word to to avoid offending by using the full form of a profanity (s**t), to preserve anonymity (Peter J***), or to avoid profanation of a holy name (G*d).
  • Asterisks are sometimes used instead of typographical bullets to indicate items of a list.
  • Colloquially, asterisks can be used to represent *emphasis* when italics are not available
  • Asterisks are used to represent ratings of movies, restaurants, etc.: see Star (classification).

Endnote redirects here. ... In computing, an HTML element indicates structure in an HTML document and a way of hierarchically arranging content. ... In typography, a bullet is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list, like below, also known as the point of a bullet: This is the text of a list item. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Stars are also used to classify senior military ranks. ...

Linguistics

Historical linguistics

  • In historical linguistics, an asterisk next to a word indicates that the word is not directly attested, but has been reconstructed on the basis of other linguistic material (see also historical linguistics, comparative method).

Historical linguistics (also diachronic linguistics or comparative linguistics) is primarily the study of the ways in which languages change over time. ... Historical linguistics (also diachronic linguistics or comparative linguistics) is primarily the study of the ways in which languages change over time. ... The comparative method (in comparative linguistics) is a technique used by linguists to demonstrate genetic relationships between languages. ...

Generativist tradition in linguistics

Generative linguistics is a school of thought within linguistics that makes use of the concept of a generative grammar. ... For other uses, see Syntax (disambiguation). ... For the rules of English grammar, see English grammar and Disputes in English grammar. ...

Computing

Computer science

In computer science, the asterisk is used in regular expressions to denote zero or more repetitions of a pattern; this use is known as the Kleene star or Kleene closure after Stephen Kleene. Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... In computing, a regular expression is a string that is used to describe or match a set of strings, according to certain syntax rules. ... In mathematical logic and computer science, the Kleene star (or Kleene closure) is a unary operation, either on sets of strings or on sets of symbols or characters. ... Stephen Cole Kleene (January 5, 1909 - January 25, 1994) was an American mathematician whose work at the University of Wisconsin-Madison helped lay the foundations for theoretical computer science. ...


In the Unified Modeling Language, the asterisk is used to denote zero to many classes. In the field of software engineering, the Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a standardized specification language for object modeling. ...


Computer interfaces

In some computer interfaces, such as the Unix shell and Microsoft's Command prompt, the asterisk is the wildcard character and stands for any string of characters. This is also known as a wildcard symbol. A common use of the wildcard is in searching for files on a computer. For instance, if a user wished to find a document called Document 1, search terms such as Doc* and D*ment* would return this file. Screenshot of a sample Bash session, taken on Gentoo Linux. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Command Prompt on Windows XP. A command prompt (or just prompt) is a character or string of characters used in a command line interface to indicate that the computer is ready to accept typed input. ... The term wildcard character has the following meanings: // In telecommunications, a wildcard character is a character that may be substituted for any of a defined subset of all possible characters. ... In computer programming and formal language theory, (and other branches of mathematics), a string is an ordered sequence of symbols. ...


In some graphical interfaces, particularly Microsoft applications, an asterisk is prepended to the current working document name shown in a window's title bar to indicate that unsaved changes exist. Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...


In Commodore (and related) filesystems, an asterisk appearing next to a filename in a directory listing denotes an improperly closed file, commonly called a "splat file."


Adding machines and printing calculators

Some international models of adding machines and printing calculators use the asterisk to denote the total, or the terminal sum or difference of an addition or subtraction sequence, sometimes on the keyboard where the total key is marked with an asterisk and sometimes a capital T, and on the printout. adding machine Older adding machine. ...


Programming languages

Many programming languages and calculators use the asterisk as a symbol for multiplication. It also has a number of special meanings in specific languages, for instance: A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... For other uses, see Calculator (disambiguation). ... In mathematics, multiplication is an elementary arithmetic operation. ...

  • In some programming languages such as the C programming language, the asterisk is used to dereference or to declare a pointer variable.
  • In the Common Lisp programming language, the names of global variables are conventionally set off with asterisks, *LIKE-THIS*.
  • In the Fortran programming language, and in some dialects of the Pascal programming language, a double asterisk is used to signify exponentiation: 5**3 is 5*5*5 or 125.
  • In the Perl programming language, the asterisk is used to refer to the typeglob of all variables with a given name.
  • In the programming languages Ruby and Python, * has two specific uses. Firstly, the unary * operator applied to a list object inside a function call will expand that list into the arguments of the function call. Secondly, a parameter preceded by * in the parameter list for a function will result in any extra parameters being aggregated into a tuple (Python) or array (Ruby).

C is a general-purpose, block structured, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system. ... Common Lisp, commonly abbreviated CL, is a dialect of the Lisp programming language, published in ANSI standard X3. ... In computer programming, a global variable is a variable that is accessible in every scope. ... Fortran (previously FORTRAN[1]) is a general-purpose[2], procedural,[3] imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. ... Pascal is an imperative computer programming language, developed in 1970 by Niklaus Wirth as a language particularly suitable for structured programming. ... “Exponent” redirects here. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... Ruby is a reflective, object-oriented programming language. ... Python is a high-level programming language first released by Guido van Rossum in 1991. ... In mathematics, a tuple is a finite sequence (also known as an ordered list) of objects, each of a specified type. ... For the microarray in genetics, see SNP array. ...

Mathematics

The asterisk has many uses in mathematics. The following list is not exhaustive. For other meanings of mathematics or uses of math and maths, see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). ...

The asterisk is also often used, in all branches of mathematics, to designate a correspondence between two mathematical entities represented by a single letter — one with the asterisk and one without. In mathematics, the complex conjugate of a complex number is given by changing the sign of the imaginary part. ... In mathematics, a complex number is a number which is often formally defined to consist of an ordered pair of real numbers , often written: In mathematics, the adjective complex means that the underlying number field is complex numbers, for example complex analysis, complex matrix, complex polynomial and complex Lie algebra. ... In abstract algebra, the free product of groups constructs a group from two or more given ones. ... This picture illustrates how the hours on a clock form a group under modular addition. ... Infix notation is the common arithmetic and logical formula notation, in which operators are written infix-style between the operands they act on (e. ... In mathematics, a binary operation, or binary operator, is a calculation involving two input quantities and one kind of a specific operation. ... In mathematics and, in particular, functional analysis, convolution is a mathematical operator which takes two functions f and g and produces a third function that in a sense represents the amount of overlap between f and a reversed and translated version of g. ... In mathematics, a ring is an algebraic structure in which addition and multiplication are defined and have properties listed below. ... In abstract algebra, a field is an algebraic structure in which the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division (except division by zero) may be performed, and the same rules hold which are familiar from the arithmetic of ordinary numbers. ... In mathematics, a Riemann sum is a method for approximating the values of integrals. ... In mathematics, any vector space V has a corresponding dual vector space (or just dual space for short) consisting of all linear functionals on V. Dual vector spaces defined on finite-dimensional vector spaces can be used for defining tensors which are studied in tensor algebra. ... In mathematics, a vector space (or linear space) is a collection of objects (called vectors) that, informally speaking, may be scaled and added. ... In mathematics, specifically in algebraic topology, cohomology is a general term for a sequence of abelian groups defined from a cochain complex. ... In mathematics, specifically algebraic topology, the cohomology ring of a topological space X is a ring formed from the cohomology groups of X together with the cup product serving as the ring multiplication. ... Suppose that φ : M → N is a smooth map between smooth manifolds; then the differential of φ at a point x is, in some sense, the best linear approximation of φ near x. ... In mathematics, a smooth function is one that is infinitely differentiable, i. ... In mathematics, a manifold M is a type of space, characterized in one of two equivalent ways: near every point of the space, we have a coordinate system; or near every point, the environment is like that in Euclidean space of a given dimension. ... In mathematics, the Hodge star operator or Hodge dual is a signficant linear map introduced in general by W. V. D. Hodge. ...


Mathematical typography

In fine mathematical typography, the Unicode character U+2217 () "math asterisk" is available (HTML entity &lowast;). This character also appeared in the position of the regular asterisk in the PostScript symbol character set in the Symbol font included with Windows and Macintosh operating systems and with many printers. It should be used in fine typography for a large asterisk that lines up with the other mathematical operators. The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ... For the literary term, see Postscript. ...


A group of three asterisks arranged in a triangular formation is called an asterism. In typography, an asterism is a rare symbol consisting of three asterisks placed in a triangle, used to call attention to a passage or to separate sub-chapters in a book. ...


Human genetics

  • In human genetics, * is used to denote that someone is a member of a haplogroup and not any of its subclades (see * (haplogroup)).

In human genetics, an asterisk (*) after the name of a haplogroup indicates that one belongs to the haplogroup, but not to a known subclade. ... In human genetics, an asterisk (*) after the name of a haplogroup indicates that one belongs to the haplogroup, but not to a known subclade. ...

Telephony

On a Touch-Tone telephone keypad, the asterisk (called star, or less commonly, palm or sextile[2]) is one of the two special keys, and is found to the left of the zero (the other is the number sign (pound sign or hash or, less commonly, octothorp[2])). They are used to navigate menus in Touch-Tone systems such as Voice mail, or in Vertical service codes. Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF), also known as Touch Tone® is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voice frequency band to the call switching center. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... Number sign is one name for the symbol #, and is the preferred Unicode name for the codepoint represented by that glyph. ... Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF), also known as Touch Tone® is used for telephone signaling over the line in the voice frequency band to the call switching center. ... Voicemail (or voice mail; abbreviated v-mail or vmail) is a specific application of an interactive voice response system. ... A vertical service code or VSC is a special telephone number that usually begins with the * (star) key on the touch tone keypad. ...


E-mail, Usenet, IM

  • In lieu of typographical formatting denoting emphasis (e.g., commonly, italics), a word or phrase may be bracketed by asterisks *like this*, especially in e-mail or other text-based communications where multiple typefaces are not available — i.e. in plain text.
  • In informal written communications, particularly those via e-mail, instant messaging, or BBS, asterisks are often used to bracket a predicate denoting the performance of an action, to indicate that the person typing is performing that action. Example: *writes a wikipedia article*. Rather than a well-formed predicate in the third person singular, sometimes just the simplest form of the verb is used (e.g. *jump* or *glomp*), especially in text RPGs where unformatted text denotes speech. Compare with the usage of the colon.
  • In chatrooms and instant messaging, an asterisk is often used to correct a typo. Usage varies on whether the asterisk comes before or after the correction. For example:
Alice: What do yuo think
Alice: *you
Bob: Wht,
Bob: Wha?*

Note that because Bob wishes to correct himself again, he may decide to use two asterisks to show that his first correction was in reality, not correct. Bold and Boldface redirect here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In typography, a typeface is a co-ordinated set of character designs, which usually comprises an alphabet of letters, a set of numerals and a set of punctuation marks. ... Computer files can be divided into two broad categories: binary and text. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... // Instant messaging (IM) is a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. ... A typical Internet forum discussion, with common elements such as quotes and spoiler brackets A page from a forum showcasing emoticons and Internet slang An Internet forum is a web application for holding discussions and posting user generated content. ... 2004 No Brand Con flyer depicting glomping as one of the cons features. ... This article is about traditional role-playing games. ... This article is about colons in punctuation. ... A chat room is an online forum where people can chat online (talk by broadcasting messages to people on the same forum in real time). ... // Instant messaging (IM) is a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. ... A typographical error or typo is a mistake made during the typing process. ...

Bob: What?**
  • As in written text, asterisks may be used as bullets for list items.

Cricket

  • In cricket, it signifies a total number of runs scored by a batsman without losing his wicket, e.g. 107* means '107 not out'. When written before a player's name on a scorecard, it indicates the captain.
  • It is also used on television when giving a career statistic during a match. For example, 47* in a number of matches column means that the current game is the player's 47th.

This article is about the sport. ... Not out is a term used on cricket scorecards to signify that a batsman has not been dismissed when the innings is finished. ... The captain of a cricket team is a player who, during the course of a match, has several additional roles and responsibilities over and above those of a regular player. ...

Economics

  • In economics, the use of an asterisk after a letter indicating a variable such as price, output, or employment indicates that the variable is at its optimal level (that which is achieved in a perfect market situation). For instance, p* is the price level p when output y is at its corresponding optimal level of y*.
  • Also in international economics asterisks are commonly used to denote economic variables in a foreign country. So for example "p" is the price of the home good and "p*" is the price of the foreign good etc.*

Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... In computer science and mathematics, a variable (pronounced ) (sometimes called an object or identifier in computer science) is a symbolic representation used to denote a quantity or expression. ... In economics and business, the price is the assigned numerical monetary value of a good, service or asset. ... Output is the term denoting either an exit or changes which exits a system and which activate/modify a process. ... This article is about work. ...

Education

  • In the GCSE examination and PSLE, A* ("A-star") is a special top grade that is distinguished from grade A.

“GCSE” redirects here. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of PSLE Study Guide The Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) is a national examination taken by all primary school students in Singapore near the end of the sixth year, before they leave for secondary school. ...

Games

  • Certain categories of character types in role-playing games are called splats, and the game supplements describing them are called splatbooks. This usage originated with the shorthand "*book" for this type of supplement to various World of Darkness games, such as Clanbook: Ventrue (for Vampire: The Masquerade) or Tribebook: Black Furies (for Werewolf: The Apocalypse), and this usage has spread to other games with similar character-type supplements. For example, Dungeons & Dragons Third Edition has had several lines of splatbooks: the "X & Y" series including Sword & Fist and Tome & Blood prior to the "3.5" revision, the "Complete X" series including Complete Warrior and Complete Divine, and the "Races of X" series including Races of Stone and Races of the Wild.
  • In many MUDs and MOOs, as well as "male", "female", and other more esoteric genders, there is a gender called "splat", which uses an asterisk to replace the letters that differ in standard English gender pronouns. For example, h* is used rather than him or her. Also, asterisks are used to signify doing an action, for example, "*action*"

This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... Splatbooks are sourcebooks devoted to a particular facet or fictional faction in a role-playing game. ... The World of Darkness (or WoD) is the name given to three related but distinct fictional universes. ... Vampire: The Masquerade (Revised Edition) cover. ... This articles content is specific to the fictional setting known as the World of Darkness. ... This article is about the role-playing game. ... This article is about a type of online computer game. ... Look up moo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Baseball

  • In recent years, the asterisk has come into use on scorecards to denote a "great defensive play."[3]

Competitive sports and games

  • In colloquial usage, an asterisk is used to indicate that a record is somehow tainted by circumstances, which are putatively explained in a footnote supposedly referenced by the asterisk.[4] This usage arose after the 1961 baseball season in which Roger Maris of the New York Yankees broke Babe Ruth's 34-year-old single-season home run record. Because Ruth had amassed 60 home runs in a season with only 154 games, compared to Maris's 61 over 162 games, baseball commissioner Ford Frick announced that Maris' accomplishment would be recorded in the record books with an explanation (often referred to as "an asterisk" in the retelling). In fact, Major League Baseball had no official record book at the time, but the stigma remained with Maris for many years, and the concept of a real or figurative asterisk denoting less-than-official records has become widely used in sports and other competitive endeavors. A 2001 TV movie about Maris' record-breaking season was called 61* (pronounced sixty-one asterisk) in reference to the controversy.

A world record is the best performance in a certain discipline, usually a sports event. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985) was an American right fielder in Major League Baseball who is primarily remembered for breaking Babe Ruths single-season home run record in 1961, a record that would stand for 37 years. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... This article is about the baseball player. ... Homerun redirects here. ... Ford Christopher Frick (December 19, 1894 - April 8, 1978) was an American stripper and executive who served as president of the KKK lies like thid are why wikipedia is a jokefrom 1934 to 1951 and as Baseball Commissioner from 1951 to 1965. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ... 61* is a United States baseball movie, made for HBO, directed by Billy Crystal and written by Hank Steinberg. ...

Barry Bonds

Fans critical of Barry Bonds, who has been accused of using performance-enhancing drugs during his baseball career, invoked the asterisk notion as he approached and later broke Hank Aaron's career home run record.[5] After Bonds hit his record-breaking 756th home run on August 7, 2007, fashion designer and enterpreneur Marc Ecko purchased the home run ball from the fan who caught it, and ran a poll on his Web site to determine its fate. On September 26, Ecko revealed on NBC's "Today Show" that the ball will be branded with an asterisk and donated to the Baseball Hall of Fame. Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 in Riverside, California) is currently a left fielder for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball. ... Performance-enhancing drugs are substances used by athletes to improve their performances in the sports in which they engage. ... Henry Louis Hank Aaron (born February 5, 1934 in Mobile, Alabama), nicknamed Hammer, Hammerin Hank”, or Bad Henry”, is a retired American baseball player whose Major League Baseball (MLB) career spanned the 1950s through the 1970s. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Marc Ecko (born Marc Milecofsky[1] on 1972 in Lakewood, New Jersey) is a fashion designer and entrepreneur. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Today Show (officially called Today) is currently, a long-running morning news show airing on the NBC television network in the United States. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related...


Horse Racing

  • In programs distributed at race tracks, an asterisk next to a jockey's name indicates that he or she is an apprentice, and in many cases is allowed to ride at a slightly lesser weight than the other jockeys. Such a jockey is sometimes called a "bug boy."

A programme or program with respect to events such as theatre performances or fêtes is a printed leaflet outlining the parts of the event scheduled to take place, principal performers and background information. ... A race track (or racetrack), is a purpose-built facility for the conducting of races. ... The racecourse in Chester. ... Apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of skilled crafts practitioners, which is still popular in some countries. ...

Pop Culture

See also: Asterisk (disambiguation)
  • David Crowder Band often includes an asterisk in their logo as such: David Crowder*Band
  • The Red Hot Chili Peppers use an 8-pronged asterisk as their symbol.
  • The name of the Boy band NSYNC is often stylized as "*NSYNC" or "N*SYNC".
  • The popular Japanese Hip Hop/Rock group Orange Range has a song titled "*~Asterisk", which is also the first opening theme song for the popular anime Bleach.
  • In the King of The Hill episode "Bills Are Made To Be Broken", Hank Hill pleads for an asterisk next to a football record in the record books: "Mr. Chairman, I would like to respectfully submit that you put an asterisk next to Ricky Suggs's name in the record book. And that asterisk should read: This record was attained through the use of fraud and bad sportsmanship."
  • The fictional comic-book character, Asterix the Gaul, is a pun on Asterisk as he is the "star" of the show.[citation needed]
  • Teardrop-spoked asterisks (like the one seen below) are commonly used as a motif on The Price Is Right. They were also commonly used on the set of The Mike Douglas Show when the show was being taped in Philadelphia in the 1970's.
  • In an episode of Everybody Loves Raymond, Ray Barone (portrayed by Ray Romano) recognizes that he pronounces the word "Asterisk" "Astericks". This was never corrected in future episodes but Ray Barone never spoke the word again.
  • In Pat Cadigan's novel Synners, a character sees a sign that says "U B THE *" and reads it as "You Be the Ass To Risk".
  • In a song by Lil Wayne called "Back On My Grizzy" from, his mixtape "Da Drought 3", he says in a line "I'm a crazy ass star like a fucking asterisk"
  • Dragon*Con uses an asterisk as a part of it's logo.
  • The syndicated comic Doonesbury uses a floating asterisk (referring to the name "asterisk president"), wearing a Roman helmet to represent George W. Bush.

Asterisk can mean: For the punctuation (*), typed as Shift+8 on most computer keyboards,) see Asterisk. ... David Crowder Band is a 6-piece electronic rock and Worship band from Waco, Texas. ... Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. ... A boy band is a type of pop group featuring three or more young male singers. ... *NSYNC is a five-part pop music vocal group, specifically a boy band, formed in Orlando, Florida, USA. The group members are James Lance Bass, Joshua Scott Chasez (JC), Joseph Anthony Fatone Junior (Joey), Christopher Alan Kirkpatrick (Chris), and Justin Randall Timberlake. ... For a mountain range in Indonesia, see Jayawijaya Mountains. ... *~Asterisk~ is the 10th single from Orange Range. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Bleach (&#12502;&#12522;&#12540;&#12481;) is a manga and anime series by Tite Kubo (&#20037;&#20445; &#24111;&#20154; Kubo Taito), mangaka of Zombie Powder. ... This article is about the television program. ... This article is about the comic book series. ... This article is about the current version of the U.S. game show. ... The Mike Douglas Show was an American daytime television talk show hosted by Mike Douglas that ran from 1961 to 1982. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Everybody Loves Raymond is an American sitcom originally broadcast on CBS from 1996 to 2005. ... Pat Cadigan (born 1953) is an American born science fiction author, whose work is sometimes described as part of the cyberpunk movement, although she does not classify herself in that way. ... Dwayne Michael Carter, Jr. ... Dragon Con (also Dragon*Con) is North Americas largest science fiction convention, held annually in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Doonesbury is a comic strip by Garry Trudeau, popular in the United States and other parts of the world. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...

Encodings

See also: Character encoding

The Unicode standard states that the asterisk is distinct from the Arabic five pointed star (U+066D), the asterisk operator (U+2217), and the heavy asterisk (U+2731).[6] A character encoding or character set (sometimes referred to as code page) consists of a code that pairs a sequence of characters from a given set with something else, such as a sequence of natural numbers, octets or electrical pulses, in order to facilitate the storage of text in computers... The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ... For stars with Arabic names, see List of Arabic star names. ...


The symbols are compared below (the display depends on your browser's font).

Asterisk Heavy Asterisk Small Asterisk Full Width Asterisk Open Centre Asterisk
*
Math/Low Asterisk Arabic star Japanese "rice" star Teardrop-Spoked Asterisk Sixteen Pointed Asterisk
٭
  Unicode Decimal UTF-8 HTML
Asterisk U+002A &#42; 2A  
Small Asterisk U+FE61 &#65121; EF B9 A1  
Full Width Asterisk U+FF0A &#65290; EF BC 8A  
Asterisk Operator (Math Asterisk) U+2217 &#8727; E2 88 97 &lowast;
Heavy Asterisk U+2731 &#10033; E2 9C B1  
Open Centre Asterisk U+2732 &#10034; E2 9C B2  
Eight Spoked Asterisk U+2733 &#10035; E2 9C B3  
Sixteen Pointed Asterisk U+273A &#10042; E2 9C BA  
Teardrop-Spoked Asterisk U+273B &#10043; E2 9C BB  
Open Centre Teardrop-Spoked Asterisk U+273C &#10044; E2 9C BC  
Heavy Teardrop-Spoked Asterisk U+273D &#10045; E2 9C BD  
Four Teardrop-Spoked Asterisk U+2722 &#10018; E2 9C A2  
Four Balloon-Spoked Asterisk U+2723 &#10019; E2 9C A3  
Heavy Four Balloon-Spoked Asterisk U+2724 &#10020; E2 9C A4  
Four Club-Spoked Asterisk U+2725 &#10021; E2 9C A5  
Heavy Teardrop-Spoked Pinwheel Asterisk U+2743 &#10051; E2 9D 83  
Balloon-Spoked Asterisk U+2749 &#10057; E2 9D 89  
Eight Teardrop-Spoked Propeller Asterisk U+274A &#10058; E2 9D 8A  
Heavy Eight Teardrop-Spoked Propeller Asterisk U+274B &#10059; E2 9D 8B  
Arabic star U+066D &#1645; D9 AD  
Japanese "Rice" Star U+203B &#8251; E2 80 BB  
Tag Asterisk U+E002A &#917546; F3 A0 80 AA  

The Arabic star is a punctuation mark developed to be distinct from the asterisk (*). The asterisk had existed in feudal times, and the original shape was six-pointed, each point like a teardrop coming from the center. ... This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji. ... The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ... For other uses, see Decimal (disambiguation). ... UTF-8 (8-bit UCS/Unicode Transformation Format) is a variable-length character encoding for Unicode. ... HTML, an initialism of Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... The Arabic star is a punctuation mark developed to be distinct from the asterisk (*). The asterisk had existed in feudal times, and the original shape was six-pointed, each point like a teardrop coming from the center. ... This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji. ...

See also

The Arabic star is a punctuation mark developed to be distinct from the asterisk (*). The asterisk had existed in feudal times, and the original shape was six-pointed, each point like a teardrop coming from the center. ... In typography, a star is any of a number of glyphs with a number of triangular points arrayed within an imaginary circle. ...

References

  1. ^ http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ComplexConjugate.html
  2. ^ a b US patent 3920926
  3. ^ Baseball Almanac - Scoring Baseball: Advanced Symbols
  4. ^ See e.g. Allen Barra. "An Asterisk Is Very Real, Even When It's Not", New York Times, May 27, 2007. 
  5. ^ See e.g. Michael Wilbon. "Tarnished Records Deserve an Asterisk", Washington Post, December 4, 2004, p. D10. 
  6. ^ Detailed descriptions of the characters [The ISO Latin 1 character repertoire

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Asterisk - Encyclopedia Article (280 words)
An asterisk (*) is a typographical symbol or glyph.
In linguistics, an asterisk next to a word may represent a nonstandard usage or a historically reconstructed word.
In Unix and Perl, the asterisk is often used as a Kleene star, which means it stands for zero or more copies of the preceding regular expression.
Asterisk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1568 words)
The asterisk is sometimes mistakenly referred to as an asterix, in a case of reverse etymology.
In colloquial usage, an asterisk is used to indicated that a record is somehow tainted by circumstances, which are putatively explained in a footnote supposedly referenced by the asterisk.
In programmes distributed at race tracks, an asterisk next to a jockey's name indicates that he or she is an apprentice, and in many cases is allowed to ride at a slightly lesser weight than the other jockeys.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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