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Encyclopedia > Assyrian genocide
Bodies of Christians who perished during the Assyrian Genocide
Bodies of Christians who perished during the Assyrian Genocide
40 Christians dying a day say Assyrian refugees - The Syracuse Herald, 1915.

The Assyrian Genocide (Assyrian: ܩܛܠܐ ܕܥܡܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܐ or ܣܝܦܐ, Turkish: Süryani Soykırımı) was committed against the Assyrian population of the Ottoman Empire near the end of the First World War by the Young Turks.[1] The Assyrian population of northern Mesopotamia (Tur Abdin, Hakkari, Van, Siirt region in modern-day southeastern Turkey and Urmia region in northwestern Iran) was forcibly relocated and massacred by Ottoman (Turkish and Kurdish) forces between 1914 and 1920 under the regime of the Young Turks. Image File history File links AssyrianGenocideVictims. ... Image File history File links AssyrianGenocideVictims. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (609x1068, 348 KB)September 22, 1915 The Syracuse Herald This image is of a scan of a newspaper page or article, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the newspaper or the individual contributors... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (609x1068, 348 KB)September 22, 1915 The Syracuse Herald This image is of a scan of a newspaper page or article, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the newspaper or the individual contributors... The Syracuse Herald-Journal was an evening newspaper in Syracuse, New York from 1939 until 2001, with roots back to 1839. ... The term Assyrian language can mean one of: Assyrian Neo-Aramaic: a language spoken in Israel, Syria, and Mesopotamia from perhaps 700 BC until now. ... Languages Assyrian, Chaldean, Turoyo Religions Christianity An entry was temporarily removed here. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Young Turks (Turkish Jön Türkler (plural), from French Jeunes Turcs, Arabic: تركيا الفتاة) was a coalition of various reform groups in favor of reforming the administration of the Ottoman Empire. ... Mesopotamia refers to the region now occupied by modern Iraq, and parts of eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and southwest Iran. ... An old church in Midyat Tur Abdin is a hilly region of south east Turkey incorporating the eastern half of Mardin Province, and Sirnak Province west of the Tigris, on the border with Syria. ... Hakkâri, formerly Çölemerik, is the capital city of the Hakkâri il, Turkey. ... A van is a kind of vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people. ... Siirt is the capital of Siirt Province in eastern Turkey. ... Urmia (Persian: ارومیه, Azeri: Urmu, UrumiyÉ™, Kurdish: Wurmê, Syriac: ܐܘܪܡܝܐ; previously called رضائیه, Rezaiyeh) is a district and a city located in northwestern Iran. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The Young Turks (Turkish Jön Türkler (plural), from French Jeunes Turcs, Arabic: تركيا الفتاة) was a coalition of various reform groups in favor of reforming the administration of the Ottoman Empire. ...


The Syriac name Qeṭlā ḏ-‘Amā Āṯûrāyā (ܩܛܠܐ ܕܥܡܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܐ), which literally means "killing of the Assyrian people", is used by some groups to describe these events. Other groups, especially those that do not wish to use the ethnic identifier Assyrian, refer to the genocide as Saypā (ܣܝܦܐ), pronounced Sayfo in the West Syriac dialect, meaning "sword". In all 275,000 Assyrians were massacred by the Ottoman Turks, aided by the Kurds.[2] Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ...

Contents

Reasons for the genocide

Reasons suggested for the genocide vary.


The Armenians, Greeks, and Assyrians were the acclaimed subject of forced relocations and barbaric executions, a possible cause being religious persecution of the Christian community of Anatolia. The Assyrians were included as a subsection of the Armenians. It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ...


The Ottoman government, as well as others, claim that the Assyrians and Armenians sought autonomy from the Ottoman Empire and joined the invading Russian army in the east. The Ottoman government saw the Assyrian and Armenian communities as a threat, so it relocated them to the Syrian Desert. Many deaths occurred during the relocation "Death Marches" from starvation and dehydration. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy [[Category:Former monarchies}}|Ottoman Empire, 1299]] Sultans  - 1281–1326... The Syrian Desert is a combination of steppe and true desert that is located in parts of the nations of Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. ... A female child during the Nigerian-Biafran war of the late 1960s, shown suffering the effects of severe hunger and malnutrition. ... Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ...


The Assyro-Chaldean National Council stated in a December 4, 1922, memorandum that the total death toll was unknown, but it estimated that about 275,000 "Assyro-Chaldeans" died between 1914 and 1918.[3]

"One day the Moslems assembled all the children of from six to fifteen years and carried them off to the headquarters of the police. There they led the poor little things to the top of a mountain known as Ras-el Hadjar and cut their throats one by one, throwing their bodies into an abyss." [4]

Political situation before World War I

Before the war approximately one half of the Assyrian population lived in what is today Southern Turkey. The Young Turks took control of the Ottoman Empire only five years before the beginning of World War I. The Ottomans planned to join the side of the Central Powers. In 1914, knowing that it was heading into the war, the Ottoman government passed a law that required the conscription of all young males into the Ottoman army to support the war effort . European military alliances in 1914. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Assyrians in what is now Turkey primarily lived in the provinces of Hakkari, Şırnak, and Mardin. These areas also had a sizable Kurdish population. The Ottoman Empire entered World War I on October 29, 1914. Hakkâri, formerly Çölemerik, is the capital city of the Hakkâri il, Turkey. ... The Turkish province of Şırnak Şırnak is a Turkish province in southeastern Anatolia. ... Mardin (Kurdish: , Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ MerdÄ«n, Arabic: ماردين) is a city in southeastern Turkey. ... Languages Kurdish Religions Predominantly Sunni Muslim also some Shia, Yazidism, Yarsan, Judaism, Christianity Related ethnic groups other Iranian peoples (Talysh Baluch Gilak Bakhtiari Persians) The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Documented accounts of the massacre

Hannibal Travis, Assistant Professor of Law at Florida International University, wrote in the peer-reviewed journal Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal that:

Numerous articles in the American press documented the genocide of Assyrians by the Turks and their Kurdish allies. By 1918, The Los Angeles Times carried the story of a Syrian, or most likely an Assyrian, merchant from Urmia who stated that his city was ‘‘completely wiped out, the inhabitants massacred,’’ 200 surrounding villages ravaged, 200,000 of his people dead, and hundreds of thousands of more starving to death in exile from their agricultural lands. In an article entitled ‘‘Native Christians Massacred,’’ the Associated Press correspondent reported that in the vicinity of Urmia, ‘‘Turkish regular troops and Kurds are persecuting and massacring Assyrian Christians.’’ Close to 800 were confirmed dead in Urmia, and another 2,000 had perished from disease. Two hundred Assyrians had been burned to death inside a church, and the Russians had discovered more than 700 bodies of massacre victims in the village of Hafdewan outside Urmia, ‘‘mostly naked and mutilated,’’ some with gunshot wounds, others decapitated, and still others carved to pieces.

Other leading British and American newspapers corroborated these accounts of the Assyrian genocide. The New York Times reported on 11 October that 12,000 Persian Christians had died of massacre, hunger, or disease; thousands of girls as young as seven had been raped or forcibly converted to Islam; Christian villages had been destroyed, and three-fourths of these Christian villages were burned to the ground. The Times of London was perhaps the first widely respected publication to document the fact that 250,000 Assyrians and Chaldeans eventually died in the Ottoman genocide of Christians, a figure which many journalists and scholars have subsequently accepted....

As the Earl of Listowel, speaking in the House of Lords on 28 November 1933, stated, ‘‘the Assyrians fought on our side during the war,’’ and made ‘‘enormous sacrifices,’’ having ‘‘lost altogether by the end of the War about two-thirds of their total number.’'....

About half of the Assyrian nation died of murder, disease, or exposure as refugees during the war, according to the head of the Anglican Church, which had a mission to the Assyrians.[5] The Anglican Communion is a world-wide organisation of Anglican Churches. ...

In April 1915, Ottoman Troops easily invaded Gawar, a region of Hakkari, and massacred the entire population.[citation needed] Prior to this, in October of 1914, 71 Assyrian men of Gawar were arrested and taken to the local government centre in Bashkalla and killed.[6] Also in April, Kurdish troops surrounded the village of Tel Mozilt and imprisoned 475 men (among them, Reverend Gabrial, the famous red-bearded priest). The following morning, the prisoners were taken out in rows of four and shot. Arguments rose between the Kurds and the Ottoman officials on what to do with the women and orphans left behind. In the end, the army decided to kill them as well.[citation needed] Is a region located in Hakkari which was inhabited by Assyrians before the Assyrian genocide. ...

The Washington Post and other leading newspapers in Western countries reported on the Assyrian Genocide as it unfolded.
The Washington Post and other leading newspapers in Western countries reported on the Assyrian Genocide as it unfolded.
Because of the mass killings, Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII was chosen as a Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East at only 11 years old.
Because of the mass killings, Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII was chosen as a Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East at only 11 years old.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mar Eshai Shimun XXIII, sometimes known as Mar Shimun XXI Ishaya, Catholicos Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1920 until his assassination on November 6, 1975. ... The Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East (Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܩܕܝܫܬܐ ܘܫܠܝܚܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܪ̈ܝܐ) under His Holiness Mar Dinkha IV is a Christian church that traces its origins to the See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, said to be founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle as well as Saint Mari and Addai as evidenced in the...

Massacres at Van

In late 1915, Djeudet Bey, Military Governor of Van Province, upon entering Siirt (or Seert) with 8,000 soldiers whom he himself called "The Butchers' Battalion" (Kasap Taburu), ordered the massacre of almost 20,000 Assyrian civilians in at least 30 villages. The following is a list documenting the villages that were attacked by Djeudet's soldiers and the estimated number of Assyrian deaths: Shows the Location of the Province Van Van is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ...

Sairt - 2,000[7] Sadagh - 2,000 Mar-Gourya - 1,000 Guedianes - 500 Hadide - 1,000 Harevena - 200
Redwan - 500 Dehok - 500 Ketmes - 1,000 Der-Chemch - 200 Piros - 1,000 Der-Mar-Yacoub- 500
Tentas - 500 Tellimchar - 1,500 Ketmes - 1,000 Telnevor - 500 Benkof - 200 Bekend - 500
Altaktanie - 500 Goredj - 500 Galwaye - 500 Der-Mazen - 300 Der-Rabban - 300 Charnakh - 200
Artoun - 1,000 Ain-Dare - 200 Berke - 500 Archkanes - 500

The village of Sairt/Seert, was populated by Assyrians and Armenians. Seert was the seat of a Chaldean Archbishop, the orientalist Addai Scher who was murdered by the Kurds.


On March 3, 1918, the Ottoman army led by Kurdish soldiers, assassinated one of the most important Assyrian leaders at the time, Mar Shimun XIX Benyamin. This resulted in the only retaliation of the Assyrians during all of World War I. Malik Khoshaba led an attack against the Ottomans. During the attack, some 30 soldiers were killed or wounded. is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Mar Benyamin Shimon XXI (1887 - March, 1918) was a Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East. ...


Massacres in Persian villages

An article from The New York Times, March 27, 1915.

The Ottomans were notified about the withdrawal of Russian forces from Persia in late 1914. The 36th and 37th divisions of the Ottoman army were sent westward to the northwestern part of Persia. Before the end of 1914, Turkish and Kurdish troops had successfully invaded the villages in and around Urmaya. On February 21, 1915 the Turkish army in Urmia seized 61 leading Assyrians from the French missions as hostages, demanding large ransoms. The mission had enough money to convince the Ottomans to let 20 of the men go. On February 22, the remaining 41 were executed, having their heads cut off at the stairs of the Charbachsh Gate. Among them was the bishop Mar Denkha. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 287 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (340 × 710 pixel, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is of a scan of a newspaper page or article, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 287 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (340 × 710 pixel, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is of a scan of a newspaper page or article, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Urmia (Persian: ارومیه, Azeri: Urmu, Urumiyə, Kurdish: Wurmê, Syriac: ܐܘܪܡܝܐ; previously called رضائیه, Rezaiyeh) is a district and a city located in northwestern Iran. ... A mission literally means something that is sent, from the Latin word missum, sent. Thus we may refer to space exploration expeditions as space missions, or to a diplomatic outpost in a foreign territory as a diplomatic mission. Christian missions are movements or outposts of Christian proselytism. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


These villages, unlike the Assyrian villages of present-day Turkey, were completely unarmed. The only protection they had was when the Russian army finally took control of the area, years after the presence of the Ottoman army had been removed. On February 25, 1915, Ottoman troops stormed their way into the villages of Gulpashan and Salamas. Almost all of the men of the village of Golpashan were shot. In Salamas about 750 Armenian and Assyrian refugees were protected by Turkish civilians in the village. The commander of the Ottoman division stormed the houses despite the fact that Turks lived in them, and roped all the men together in big groups and forced them to march in the fields between Khusrawa and Haftevan. The men were shot or killed in other ways. The protection of Christians by Turkish civilians is also confirmed in the 1915 British report:[8] The Assyrian village of Golpashan is located in the Western Azerbaijan province in Iran. ...

Many of the Moslems tried to save their Christian neighbours, and offered them shelter in their houses, but the Turkish authorities were implacable.

During the Winter of 1915, 4,000 Assyrians died from disease, hunger, and exposure, and about 1000 were killed in the village of Urmia.


Massacre of Khoi, Persia

In early 1918, many Assyrians started to flee present-day Turkey. Mar Shimon Benyamin had arranged for some 3,500 Assyrians to reside in the district of Khoi. Not long after settling in, Kurdish troops of the Ottoman Army massacred the population almost entirely. One of the few that survived was Reverend John Eshoo. After escaping, he stated: Khoy (خوی in Persian and Xoy in Kurdish), also spelt Khoi or Khvoy, is a city in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ...

You have undoubtedly heard of the Assyrian massacre of Khoi, but I am certain you do not know the details."

These Assyrians were assembled into one caravansary, and shot to death by guns and revolvers. Blood literally flowed in little streams, and the entire open space within the caravansary became a pool of crimson liquid. The place was too small to hold all the living victims waiting for execution. They were brought in groups, and each new group was compelled to stand over the heap of the still bleeding bodies and shot to death. The fearful place became literally a human slaughter house, receiving its speechless victims, in groups of ten and twenty at a time, for execution.

At the same time, the Assyrians, who were residing in the suburb of the city, were brought together and driven into the spacious courtyard of a house [...] The Assyrian refugees were kept under guard for eight days, without anything to eat. At last they were removed from their place of confinement and taken to a spot prepared for their brutal killing. These helpless Assyrians marched like lambs to their slaughter, and they opened not their mouth, save by sayings "Lord, into thy hands we commit our spirits. [...]

The executioners began by cutting first the fingers of their victims, join by joint, till the two hands were entirely amputated. Then they were stretched on the ground, after the manner of the animals that are slain in the Fast, but these with their faces turned upward, and their heads resting upon the stones or blocks of wood Then their throats were half cut, so as to prolong their torture of dying, and while struggling in the agony of death, the victims were kicked and clubbed by heavy poles the murderers carried Many of them, while still laboring under the pain of death, were thrown into ditches and buried before their souls had expired.

The young men and the able-bodied men were separated from among the very young and the old. They were taken some distance from the city and used as targets by the shooters. They all fell, a few not mortally wounded. One of the leaders went to the heaps of the fallen and shouted aloud, swearing by the names of Islam's prophets that those who had not received mortal wounds should rise and depart, as they would not be harmed any more. A few, thus deceived, stood up, but only to fall this time killed by another volley from the guns of the murderers.

Some of the younger and good looking women, together with a few little girls of attractive appearance, pleaded to be killed. Against their will were forced into Islam's harems. Others were subjected to such fiendish insults that I cannot possibly describe. Death, however, came to their rescue and saved them from the vile passions of the demons. The death toll of Assyrians totaled 2,770 men, women and children.[9]

Baquba camps

By mid-1918, the British army had convinced the Ottomans to let them have access to about 30,000 Assyrians from various parts of Persia. The British decided to deport all 30,000 from Persia to Baquba, Iraq. The transferring took just 25 days, but at least 7,000 of them had died during the trip.[10] Baquba (بعقوبه; also transliterated as Baqubah and Baqouba) is the capital of Iraqs Diyala province. ...


A memorandum from American Presbyterian Missionaries at Urmia During the Great War 16 to British Minister Sir Percy Cox had this to say:

Capt. Gracey doubtless talked rather big in the hopes of putting heart into the Syrians and holding up this front against the Turks. [Consequently,] We have met all the orders issued by the late Dr. Shedd which have been presented to us and a very large number of Assyrian refugees are being maintained at Baquba, chiefly at H.M.G.'s expense.

In 1920, the British decided to close down the Baquba camps. The majority of Assyrians of the camp decided to go back to the Hakkari mountains, while the rest were dispersed throughout Iraq.


Massacres in the late Ottoman Empire

The Assyrians were not going to be an easy group to deport, as they had always been armed and were as ferocious as their Kurdish neighbors.[11]

Christian population in Diyarbakır Province before and after World War I[12]
Sect Before WWI Disappeared After WWI
Armenians Gregorians 60,000 58,000 2,000
Catholics 12,500 11,500 1,000
Assyrians Chaldean Catholics 11,120 10,010 1,110
Syriac Catholic 5,600 3,450 2,150
Syriac Jacobite 84,725 60,725 24,000
Total 173,945 143,685 30,260
Christian population in Mardin province before and after World War I[13]
Sect Before WWI Disappeared After WWI
Armenians Catholics 10,500 10,200 300
Assyrians Chaldean Catholics 7,870 6,800 1,070
Syriac Catholic 3,850 3,150 700
Syriac Jacobite 51,725 29,725 22,000
Total 73,945 49,875 24,070

shows the Location of the Province Diyarbakır Diyarbakır is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Map showing the location of Mardin Province of Turkey Mardin Province is a province of Turkey with a population of 835,173 (2000)[1]. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin. ...

Reports from the U.S. and Europe

The New York Times's editor V. Rockwell published an article in 1916, with the title "The Number of Armenian and Assyrian Victims". In the article, he stated:

Not only the Armenians are unfortunate: the Assyrians were also wiped out and each tenth was murdered. [...] A lot of Assyrians perished but no one knows how many exactly....within six months the Young Turks managed to do what the "Old Turks" were not able to do during six centuries. [...] Thousands of Assyrians vanished from the face of the earth.[citation needed]

In November 1919 the periodical French Asia wrote:

the Assyrian massacres resembled the Armenian slaughters. And as about this nation, which had 250 thousand victims, has been spoken much less, it is necessary to inform the world about it.[citation needed]

Eyewitness accounts and quotes

Statement of German Missionaries on Urmia.

There was absolutely no human power to protect these unhappy people from the savage onslaught of the invading hostile forces. It was an awful situation. At midnight the terrible exodus began; a concourse of 25,000 men, women, and children, Assyrians and Armenians, leaving cattle in the stables, all their household hoods and all the supply of food for winter, hurried, panic-stricken, on a long and painful journey to the Russian border, enduring the intense privations of a foot journey in the snow and mud, without any kind of preparation… It was a dreadful sight,… many of the old people and children died along the way."[14]

The latest news is that four thousand Assyrians and one hundred Armenians have died of disease alone, at the mission, within the last five months. All villages in the surrounding district with two or three exceptions have been plundered and burnt; twenty thousand Christians have been slaughtered in Armenia and its environs. In Haftewan, a village of Salmas, 750 corpses without heads have been recovered from the wells and cisterns alone. Why? Because the commanding officer had put a price on every Christian head… In Dilman crowds of Christians were thrown into prison and driven to accept Islam."[15]

Recognition

Genocide monument in Paris, France

The genocide of Assyrians has yet to be officially recognized by any country. This is in contrast to the Armenian Genocide, which has been recognized by many countries and international organizations. Assyrian historians state the primary reason for this lack of recognition is that Assyria has been deprived of real political power throughout the 20th century.[citation needed] In addition, the massacre of Christians in Asia Minor is usually linked solely to the Armenian Genocide. On April 24, 2001, Governor of the US state of New York, George Pataki, proclaimed that "killings of civilians and food and water deprivation during forced marches across harsh, arid terrain proved successful for the perpetrators of genocide, who harbored a prejudice against... Assyrian Christians."[16][this source's reliability may need verification] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (576x701, 98 KB) Assyrian genocide monument in Paris, France Courtesy of [[[1]]] Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (576x701, 98 KB) Assyrian genocide monument in Paris, France Courtesy of [[[1]]] Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... An Assyrian winged bull, or lamassu. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... NY redirects here. ... George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) was the 57th Governor of New York, USA serving from January 1995 until January 1, 2007. ...


Monuments

Monument in California.

The only governments that have allowed Assyrians to establish monuments commemorating the victims of the Assyrian genocide are France, Sweden, and the United States. Sweden's government has pledged to pay for all the expenses of a future monument, after strong lobbying from the large Assyrian community there, led by Konstantin Sabo. There are two monuments in the U.S., one in Chicago and the newest in Tarzana, California. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Motto: “Urbs in Horto” (Latin: “City in a Garden”), “I Will” Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Tarzana is a community in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles. ...


There have been recent reports indicating that Armenia is ready to create a monument dedicated to the Assyrian genocide, placed in the capital next to the Armenian genocide monument. [17]


References

  1. ^ Assyrians: The Continuous Saga - Page 40 by Frederick A. Aprim
  2. ^ The Plight of Religious Minorities: Can Religious Pluralism Survive? - Page 51 by United States Congress
  3. ^ Joseph Yacoub, La question assyro-chaldéenne, les Puissances européennes et la SDN (1908–1938), 4 vol., thèse Lyon, 1985, p. 156.
  4. ^ Joseph Naayem, Shall This Nation Die?
  5. ^ Hannibal Travis (2006), "Native Christians Massacred": The Ottoman Genocide of the Assyrians During World War I, Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, vol. 1.3, pp. 334, 337-38
  6. ^ Bryce, James Lord - British Government Report on the Armenian Massacres of April-December 1915
  7. ^ Rev. Joseph Naayem, O.I. - Shall This Nation Die?, 1921
  8. ^ Bryce, James Lord - British Government Report on the Armenian Massacres of April-December 1915
  9. ^ Rev. Joel E. Werfa (1924), The Flickering Light of Asia: The Assyrian Nation and Church, ch. 26
  10. ^ Austin, H. H.(Brig.-Gen.): The Baquba Refugee Camp - An account of the work on behalf of the persecuted Assyrian Christians. London 1920
  11. ^ Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia During World War I By David Gaunt - Page 311
  12. ^ Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I, by David Gaunt, 2006
  13. ^ The Forgotten Genocide: Eastern Christians, the Last Arameans, p.195, By Sébastien de Courtois
  14. ^ The Death of a Nation, pp. 119–120.
  15. ^ The Death of a Nation, pp. 126–127.
  16. ^ New York State Governor Proclamation (April 1 2001). Retrieved on 2006-06-16.
  17. ^ http://www.hujada.com/VÄRLDEN.asp?ID=332
  • de Courtois, Sebastien. The Forgotten Genocide. Eastern Christians, The Last Arameans.
  • The New York Times - October 11, 1915: Turkish Horrors in Persia

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This page contains a brief list of press headlines relevant to the Assyrian Genocide in chronological order, as recorded in newspaper archives. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... Proposed State of Assyria The Flag of the Assyrian People. ... The following is a list of Assyrian towns and villages. ... The historical Pontus region New York Times headlines which observes that the entire Christian population of Trabzon was wiped out. More relevant headlines[1] Pontic Greek Genocide[2][3][4] is a controversial term used to refer to the fate of Pontic Greeks during and in the aftermath of World... The Simele massacre was the first massacre commited by the Iraqi government as Assyrian Christians of Sumail (Simele) were systematically being targeted. ... Father Yusuf Akbulut is an Assyrian priest who was arrested by Turkish authorities after stating in an interview that he believed Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks were subjected to a genocide by Turkey. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Assyrian genocide (434 words)
Genocide by the Ottomans against the Christian Assyrian population in 1915-1918.
The Turkish explanation to the deportation, was that the Assyrians were seeking autonomy, largely with the aid of the Russians.
Most of Assyrians dying during the genocide was during deportation to, and through, the Syrian Desert, largely from starvation and dehydration.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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