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Encyclopedia > Assyrian Massacre
Bodies of Assyrians who perished during the Assyrian Genocide
Bodies of Assyrians who perished during the Assyrian Genocide
40 Christians dying a day say Assyrian refugees - The Syracuse Herald, 1915.
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40 Christians dying a day say Assyrian refugees - The Syracuse Herald, 1915.
Armenian Genocide
Early elements
Hamidian Massacres · 1896 Ottoman Bank Takeover · Adana Massacre · Young Turk Revolution
The Genocide
April 24, 1915 · Armenian notables deported from the Ottoman capital · Tehcir Law · Armenian casualties of deportations · Ottoman Armenian casualties
Major extermination centers 
Ter Zor · Sivas · Muş · Diyarbakır · Erzurum · Trabzon
Resistance (Armenian resistance)
Zeitun  · Van · Musa Dagh · Sasun · Urfa · Armenian militia
Other targeted groups
Assyrians  · Pontic Greeks
Foreign reactions and aid 
Reactions · American Committee for Relief in the Near East
Responsible parties
Young Turks 
Enver · Talat · Djemal · Committee of Union and Progress · The Special Organization · Ottoman Army · Kurdish Irregulars
Aftermath 
Courts-Martial · Operation Nemesis · Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire  · Denial
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The Assyrian Genocide (Assyrian: ܩܛܠܐ ܕܥܡܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܐ or ܣܝܦܐ, Turkish: Süryani Soykırımı) was committed against the Assyrian population of the Ottoman Empire near the end of the First World War. The Assyrian population of northern Mesopotamia (Tur Abdin, Hakkari, Van, Siirt region in modern-day southeastern Turkey and Urmia region in northwestern Iran) was forcibly relocated and massacred by Ottoman (Turkish and Kurdish) forces between 1915 and 1920 under the regime of the Young Turks. Image File history File links AssyrianGenocideVictims. ... Image File history File links AssyrianGenocideVictims. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (609x1068, 348 KB)September 22, 1915 The Syracuse Herald This image is of a scan of a newspaper page or article, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the newspaper or the individual contributors... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (609x1068, 348 KB)September 22, 1915 The Syracuse Herald This image is of a scan of a newspaper page or article, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the newspaper or the individual contributors... The Syracuse Herald-Journal was an evening newspaper in Syracuse, New York from 1939 until 2001, with roots back to 1839. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... Contemporary political cartoon portraying Hamid as a butcher of the Armenians During the long reign of Sultan Hamid, unrest and rebellion occurred in many areas of the Ottoman Empire. ... The 1986 Ottoman Bank Takeover was the seizing of the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire on August 26, 1896 by members of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnak Party). ... The Adana massacre occurred in the city of Adana, in the Ottoman Empire, in April 1909. ... The 1908 Young Turk Revolution even though a popular constitutional movement, was a watershed in the history of the late Ottoman Empire. ... April 24 circular[1] on opposition was the most famous circular passed on April 24, 1915 by Talat Pasha (turkce: Dahiliye Nazırı Talat PaÅŸa) which authorized the governers of the Ottoman Empire to arrest the members of Armenian Revolutionary Federation, and Hentchak and collect the documents from the... The number of Armenian notables deported from Ä°stanbul/Constantinople in 1915 in the larger framework of Armenian deportations in the Ottoman Empire, plausibly part of that same vast and organized processus, differ greatly from one source to the other. ... the Tehcir Law Tehcir Law (Immigration law) of the parliament of 1912 of the Ottoman Empire was passed on May 27, 1915, begin to be enforced on June 1-1915 with the publication in the Takvim-I Vakayi until February 8-1916. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The estimation of Armenian deaths between 1914 to 1923 during what is called the Armenian Genocide and what followed as the Turkish War of Independence is a subject of controversy. ... Suspended Bridge of Deir ez Zor over the Euphrates River Dayr az-Zawr, also spelled Deir ez Zor , Deir al-Zur and other variants (دير الزور in Arabic), in Armenian Ter Zor, means in English Brushwood Abbey is a city in eastern Syria on the Euphrates River and capital of Dayr az... Sivas is the provincial capital of Sivas Province in Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province MuÅŸ MuÅŸ (alternative transliteration: Mush) is a province in eastern Turkey. ... Diyarbakır (Ottoman Diyar-i Bekr دیاربکر land of the Bekr as derived from Arabic[1]; Kurdish Amed; Syriac ; Greek Amida; Armenian Ô±Õ´Õ«Õ¤ Amid) is a major city in southeastern Turkey situated on the banks of the River Tigris, and the seat of Diyarbakır Province. ... Erzurum (Ô¿Õ¡Ö€Õ«Õ¶ (Karin) in Armenian) is a city in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. ... Traditional Trabzon country house Location of Trabzon Province within Turkey Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond or Τραπεζούντα (Trapezoúnda; see also List of traditional Greek place names) in Greek, is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey (Lat (DMS) 41° 2 60N Long (DMS) 39° 43 37E). ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Armenian Militia of Armenakans (Ramkavars), Hnchakians (Social Democrat Hunchakian Party), and Dashnaktsutiun (Armenian Revolutionary Federation) Armenian resistance is the military and political activities of the Armenian militia or (Social Democrat Hunchakian Party, Armenakan, Armenian Revolutionary Federation) against the Ottoman Empire during the World War One. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire members of Hunchaks (Social Democrat Hunchakian Party) Strength 2nd conflict: 69 grandes, 612 gun, 21 hand-gun, 70 horses Casualties Over 100 soldiers. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Armenian residents of Van Commanders Jevdet Bey Armenak Yekaryan Strength 12,000 1,500 Casualties  ? 12,000 ? (mass civilian casualties) The Van Resistance or Van Rebellion was a reaction of the Armenian population in the city of Van to the measures taken by its governor--Jevdet Bey. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Germany Armenian militia of ARF Commanders Megerdich Yotneghpayrian Casualties  ?  ? The Armenian resistance in Urfa during the Armenian genocide took place as a reaction to Turkish actions. ... Defenders of Van in front of ARF flag Armenian militia (Armenian irregular units, or Armenian Cethes, Armenian: ), better known by Armenians as Fedayee is a term referring to Armenian guerrillas who voluntarily leave their families in order to fight for Armenians. ... The Pontus region New York Times headlines which observes that the entire Christian population of Trabzon was wiped out.[1] Pontian Greek Genocide (Greek: Γενοκτονία των Ελλήνων του Πόντου, Turkish: Pontus Rumları Soykırımı) is a controversial term used to refer to the persecutions, massacres, and other sufferings, including but not limited to the... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ismail Enver Ä°smail Enver (اسماعيل انور) , known to Europeans during his political career as Enver Pasha (Turkish: Enver PaÅŸa) or Enver Bey was a Turkish military officer and a leader of the Young Turk revolution. ... Talat Pasha Mehmed Talat Pasha (Turkish: Mehmet Talat PaÅŸa) (1874-1921) was one of the leaders of the Young Turks, an Ottoman statesman, grand vizier (1917) , and leading member of the Sublime Porte from 1913 until 1918. ... Ahmed Djemal Pasha Ahmed Djemal Pasha (Turkish: Ahmet Cemal PaÅŸa) (May 6, 1872 - July 21, 1922) was born in Midilli. ... Foundation: 1890 Dissolved: 1918, Court Martialed Head: Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) (Turkish: Ä°ttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti) was a political organization during the dissolution period of the Ottoman Empire which came to power between 1908 and 1918. ... Special Organization was name given to a three member executive committee established by the Committee of Union and Progress of the Ottoman Empire. ... This article details the military of the Ottoman Empire. ... now. ... Turkish Courts-Martial of 1919-1920 were court martials of the Ottoman Empire after the armistice of Mudros during the aftermath the World War One, which the leadership of the Committee of Union and Progress and selected former officials had court-martial with/including the charges of subversion of the... Operation Nemesis is the Armenian Revolutionary Federation code-name for the covert operation in the 1920s to assassinate the Turkish masterminds of the Armenian Genocide. ... Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire is direct consequence of the World War I with the Ottomans involvement in the Middle Eastern theatre. ... Turkish Denial: To have genocide denied is to die twice — An advertisement for the Armenian Genocide Commemoration Holiday on 24th April, 2006 posted in The Times newspaper. ... The term Assyrian language can mean one of: Assyrian Neo-Aramaic: a language spoken in Israel, Syria, and Mesopotamia from perhaps 700 BC until now. ... Assyrians are Aramaic-speaking Christians who consider themselves to be indigenous inhabitants of Mesopotamia, and inheritors of the ancient culture of Assyria. ... Warning: Value not specified for common_name Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Mesopotamia refers to the region now occupied by modern Iraq, eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and Southwest Iran. ... An old church in Midyat Tur Abdin is a hilly region of south east Turkey incorporating the eastern half of Mardin Province, and Sirnak Province west of the Tigris, on the border with Syria. ... Hakkâri, formerly Çölemerik, is the capital city of the Hakkâri il, Turkey. ... A van is a vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people. ... Siirt is the capital of Siirt Province in eastern Turkey. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia. ... Warning: Value not specified for common_name Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326... The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Syriac name Qeṭlā ḏ-‘Amā Āṯûrāyā (ܩܛܠܐ ܕܥܡܐ ܐܬܘܪܝܐ), which literally means "killing of the Assyrian people", is used by some groups to describe these events. Other groups, especially those that do not wish to use the ethnic identifier Assyrian, refer to the genocide as Saypā (ܣܝܦܐ), pronounced Sayfo in the West Syriac dialect, meaning "sword". Syriac ( Suryāyā) is an Eastern Aramaic language that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. ...

Contents

Reasons for the genocide

Reasons suggested for the genocide vary.


The Armenians and Greeks claim they were the subject of forced relocations and barbaric executions, a possible cause being religious persecution against the Christian community of Anatolia. The Assyrians were included as a subsection of the Armenians. This article is becoming very long. ... Anatolia lies east of the Bosphorus, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Anatolia is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ...


The Ottoman government, as well as others, claim that the Assyrians and Armenians sought autonomy from the Ottoman Empire and joined the invading Russian army in the east. The Ottoman government saw the Assyrian and Armenian communities as a threat and so Ottoman Empire relocated them to the Syrian Desert. Many deaths occurred during the relocation "Death Marches" from starvation and dehydration. Warning: Value not specified for common_name Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326... The Syrian Desert is a combination of steppe and true desert that is located in parts of the nations of Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. ... A female child during the Nigerian-Biafran war of the late 1960s, shown suffering the effects of severe hunger and malnutrition. ... Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ...


The Assyro-Chaldean National Council stated in a December 4, 1922, memorandum that the total death toll is unknown, but it estimates that about 275,000 "Assyro-Chaldeans" died between 1914-1918.[1]


Political situation before World War I

Before the war approximately one half of the Assyrian population lived in what is today Southern Turkey. The Young Turks took control of the Ottoman Empire only five years before the beginning of World War I. The Ottomans planned to join the side of the Central Powers. In 1914, feeling that they were heading into the war, the Ottoman government passed a law to support the war effort by conscripting all young males in the Ottoman army. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Triple Alliance. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Assyrians in what is now Turkey primary lived in the provinces of Hakkari, Şırnak, and Mardin. These areas also had a sizable Kurdish population. The Ottoman Empire entered World War I on October 29, 1914. The Turkish province of Şırnak Şırnak is a Turkish province in southeastern Anatolia. ... Buildings in an older section of Mardin Mardin is a city in southeastern Turkey. ... The Kurds are an ethnic group who consider themselves to be indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. ...


Documented accounts of the massacre

The following is not all of the accounts of the massacre, but as many that were documented.


In April 1915, Ottoman Troops easily invaded Gawar, a region of Hakkari, and massacred the entire population. Prior to this, in October of 1914, 71 Assyrian men of Gawar were arrested and taken to the local government centre in Bashkalla and killed.[2] Also in April, Kurdish troops surrounded the village of Tel Mozilt and imprisoned 475 men (among them, Reverend Gabrial, the famous red-bearded priest). The following morning, the prisoners were taken out in rows of four and shot. Arguments rose between the Kurds and the Ottoman officials on what to do with the women and orphans left behind. In the end, the army decided to kill them as well.[citation needed] Is a region located in Hakkari which was inhabited by Assyrians before the Assyrian genocide. ...


Massacres at Van

In late 1915, Djeudet Bey, Military Governor of Van Province, upon entering Siirt (or Seert) with 8,000 soldiers whom he himself called the "The Butchers' Battalion" (Kasap Taburu), gave orders for the massacre of almost 20,000 Assyrian civilians in at least 30 villages. The following is a list documenting the villages that were attacked by Djeudent soldiers and an estimated amount of Assyrian deaths: Shows the Location of the Province Van Van is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ...

Sairt - 2,000 [3] Sadagh - 2,000 Mar-Gourya - 1,000 Guedianes - 500 Hadide - 1,000 Harevena - 200
Redwan - 500 Dehok - 500 Ketmes - 1,000 Der-Chemch - 200 Piros - 1,000 Der-Mar-Yacoub- 500
Tentas - 500 Tellimchar - 1,500 Ketmes - 1,000 Telnevor - 500 Benkof - 200 Bekend - 500
Altaktanie - 500 Goredj - 500 Galwaye - 500 Der-Mazen - 300 Der-Rabban - 300 Charnakh - 200
Artoun - 1,000 Ain-Dare - 200 Berke - 500 Archkanes - 500

The village of Sairt/Seert, was populated by Assyrians and Armenians. Seert was the seat of a Chaldean Archbishop, the orientalist Addai Scher who was murdered by the Kurds.


On March 3, 1918, the Ottoman army led by Kurdish soldiers, assassinated one of the most important Assyrian leaders at the time, Mar Shimun XIX Benyamin. This resulted in the only retaliation of the Assyrians during all of World War I. Malik Khoshaba led an attack against the Ottomans. During the attack, some 30 soldiers were killed or wounded. Mar Benyamin Shimon XXI (1887 - March, 1918) was a Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East. ... Revenge is retaliation against a person or group in response to wrongdoing. ...


Massacres in Persian villages

The Ottomans were notified about the withdrawal of the Russian forces in Persia in late 1914. The 36th and 37th divisions of the Ottoman army were sent westerward in the northwest part of Persia. Before the end of 1914, Turkish and Kurdish troops had successfully invaded the villages in and around Urmaya. On February 21, 1915 Turkish army in Urmia took 61 leading Assyrians hostage from the French missions, demanding large ransoms. The mission had enough money to convince the Ottomans to let 20 of the men go. On February 22, the remaining 41 were executed, having their heads cut off at the stairs of the Charbachsh Gate. Among them was the bishop Mar Denkha. For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia. ... A mission literally means something that is sent, from the Latin word missum, sent. Thus we may refer to space exploration expeditions as space missions, or to a diplomatic outpost in a foreign territory as a diplomatic mission. Christian missions are movements or outposts of Christian proselytism. ...


These villages, unlike the Assyrian villages of present-day Turkey, were completely unarmed. The only kind of protection they had was when the Russian army finally took control of the area, only years after the presence of the Ottoman army. On February 25, 1915, Ottoman troops stormed their way into the villages of Gulpashan and Salamas. Almost all of the men of the village of Golpashan were shot. In Salamas about 750 Armenian and Assyrian refugees were protected by Turkish civilians of the village. The commander of the Ottoman division stormed the houses despite them containing Turkish people, and roped all the men together in big groups and forced them to march in the fields between Khusrawa and Haftevan. The men were shot or killed otherwise. The protection of Christians by Turkish civilians is also confirmed in the 1915 British report:[4] The Assyrian village of Golpashan is located in the Western Azerbaijan province in Iran. ...

Many of the Moslems tried to save their Christian neighbours, and offered them shelter in their houses, but the Turkish authorities were implacable.

During the Winter of 1915, 4,000 Assyrians died from disease, hunger, and exposure, and about 1000 were killed in villages of Urmia.


Massacre of Khoi, Persia

In early 1918, many Assyrians started to flee present-day Turkey. Mar Shimon Benyamin had arranged for some 3,500 Assyrians to reside in the district of Khoi. Not long after settling in, Kurdish troops of the Ottoman Army massacred the population almost entirely. One of the few that survived was Reverian John Esho. After escaping, he stated: Khoy (خوی in Persian and Xoy in Kurdish), also spelt Khoi or Khvoy, is a city in West Azarbaijan, Iran. ...

You have undoubtedly heard of the Assyrian massacre of Khoi, but I am certain you do not know the details."
These Assyrians were assembled into one caravansary, and shot to death by guns and revolvers. Blood literally flowed in little streams, and the entire open space within the caravansary became a pool of crimson liquid. The place was too small to hold all the living victims waiting for execution. They were brought in groups, and each new group was compelled to stand over the heap of the still bleeding bodies and shot to death. The fearful place became literally a human slaughter house, receiving its speechless victims, in groups of ten and twenty at a time, for execution.
At the same time, the Assyrians, who were residing in the suburb of the city, were brought together and driven into the spacious courtyard of a house [...] The Assyrian refugees were kept under guard for eight days, without anything to eat. At last they were removed from their place of confinement and taken to a spot prepared for their brutal killing. These helpless Assyrians marched like lambs to their slaughter, and they opened not their mouth, save by sayings "Lord, into thy hands we commit our spirits. [...]
The executioners began by cutting first the fingers of their victims, join by joint, till the two hands were entirely amputated. Then they were stretched on the ground, after the manner of the animals that are slain in the Fast, but these with their faces turned upward, and their heads resting upon the stones or blocks of wood Then their throats were half cut, so as to prolong their torture of dying, and while struggling in the agony of death, the victims were kicked and clubbed by heavy poles the murderers carried Many of them, while still laboring under the pain of death, were thrown into ditches and buried before their souls had expired.
The young men and the able-bodied men were separated from among the very young and the old. They were taken some distance from the city and used as targets by the shooters. They all fell, a few not mortally wounded. One of the leaders went to the heaps of the fallen and shouted aloud, swearing by the names of Islam's prophets that those who had not received mortal wounds should rise and depart, as they would not be harmed any more. A few, thus deceived, stood up, but only to fall this time killed by another volley from the guns of the murderers.
Some of the younger and good looking women, together with a few little girls of attractive appearance, pleaded to be killed. Against their will were forced into Islam's harems. Others were subjected to such fiendish insults that I cannot possibly describe. Death, however, came to their rescue and saved them from the vile passions of the demons. The death toll of Assyrians totaled 2,770 men, women and children.[citation needed]

Baquba camps

By mid-1918, the British army had convinced the Ottomans to let them have access to about 30,000 Assyrians from various parts of Persia. The British decided to deport all 30,000 from Persia to Baquba, Iraq. The transferring took just 25 days, but at least 7,000 of them had died during the trip. [5] Baquba (بعقوبه; also transliterated as Baqubah and Baqouba) is the capital of Iraqs Diyala province. ...


A memorandum from American Presbyterian Missionaries at Urmia During the Great War 16 to British Minister Sir Percy Cox had this to say:

Capt. Gracey doubtless talked rather big in the hopes of putting heart into the Syrians and holding up this front against the Turks. [Consequently,] We have met all the orders issued by the late Dr. Shedd which have been presented to us and a very large number of Assyrian refugees are being maintained at Baquba, chiefly at H.M.G.'s expense.

In 1920, the British decided to close down the Baquba camps. The majority of Assyrians of the camp decided to go back to the Hakkari mountains, while the rest were dispersed throughout Iraq.


Reports from the U.S. and Europe

The New York Times's editor V. Rockwell published an article in 1916, with the title of "The Numer of Armenian and Assyrian Victims". In the article, he stated:

Not only the Armenians are unfortunate: the Assyrians were also wiped out and each tenth was murdered. [...] A lot of Assyrians perished but no one knows how many exactly....within six months the Young Turks managed to do what the "Old Turks" were not able to do during six centuries. [...] Thousands of Assyrians vanished from the face of the earth.

In November 1919 the periodical French Asia wrote:

the Assyrian massacres resembled the Armenian slaughters. And as about this nation, which had 250 thousand victims, has been spoken much less, it is necessary to inform the world about it.

Eyewitness accounts and quotes

Statement of German Missionaries on Urmia

  • "There was absolutely no human power to protect these unhappy people from the savage onslaught of the invading hostile forces. It was an awful situation. At midnight the terrible exodus began; a concourse of 25,000 men, women, and children, Assyrians and Armenians, leaving cattle in the stables, all their household hoods and all the supply of food for winter, hurried, panic-stricken, on a long and painful journey to the Russian border, enduring the intense privations of a foot journey in the snow and mud, without any kind of preparation...It was a dreadful sight,...many of the old people and children died along the way."[6]
  • "The latest news is that four thousand Assyrians and one hundred Armenians have died of disease alone, at the mission, within the last five months. All villages in the surrounding district with two or three exceptions have been plundered and burnt; twenty thousand Christians have been slaughtered in Armenia and its environs. In Haftewan, a village of Salmas, 750 corpses without heads have been recovered from the wells and cisterns alone. Why? Because the commanding officer had put a price on every Christian head.... In Dilman crowds of Christians were thrown into prison and driven to accept Islam."[7]

Recognition

The genocide of Assyrians has yet to be officially recognized by any country. This is in contrast to the Armenian Genocide which has been recognized by many countries and international organizations. Assyrian historians state the primary reason for this lack of recognition is that Assyria has been deprived of any real political power throughout the 20th century. In addition, the massacre of all Christians in Asia Minor is usually linked solely to the Armenian Genocide. On April 24, 2001, Governor of the US state of New York, George Pataki, proclaimed that "killings of civilians and food and water deprivation during forced marches across harsh, arid terrain proved successful for the perpetrators of genocide, who harbored a prejudice against . . . Assyrian Christians."[8] Armenian Genocide photo. ... Relief from Assyrian capital of Dur Sharrukin, showing transport of Lebanese cedar (8th century BC) In the earliest historical times, the term Assyria (Syriac:ܐܬܘܖ̈) referred to a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... George Elmer Pataki (born June 24, 1945) is the current Governor of New York State, USA serving since January 1995, and as of late 2006 is the longest-serving of all current U.S. governors. ...


Monuments

Genocide monument in Paris, France
Genocide monument in Paris, France

The only governments that have allowed Assyrians to establish a monument remembering the Assyrian genocide is France, Sweden, and the United States. Sweden's government has pledged to pay for all the expenses of a future monument, after strong lobbying within the large Assyrian community in Sweden, led by Konstantin Sabo. The monument in the U.S. lies in Chicago. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (576x701, 98 KB) Assyrian genocide monument in Paris, France Courtesy of [[[1]]] Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (576x701, 98 KB) Assyrian genocide monument in Paris, France Courtesy of [[[1]]] Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, The City of Big Shoulders The 312 Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area...


References

  1. ^ Joseph Yacoub, La question assyro-chaldéenne, les Puissances européennes et la SDN (1908-1938), 4 vol., thèse Lyon, 1985, p.156
  2. ^ Bryce, James Lord - British Government Report on the Armenian Massacres of April-December 1915
  3. ^ Rev. Joseph Naayem, O.I. - Shall This Nation Die?, 1921
  4. ^ Bryce, James Lord - British Government Report on the Armenian Massacres of April-December 1915
  5. ^ Austin, H. H.(Brig.-Gen.): The Baquba Refugee Camp - An account of the work on behalf of the persecuted Assyrian Christians. London 1920
  6. ^ The Death of a Nation, pp. 119-120
  7. ^ The Death of a Nation, pp. 126-127
  8. ^ New York State Governor Proclamation (April 1 2001). Retrieved on 2006-06-16.
  • de Courtois, Sebastien. The Forgotten Genocide. Eastern Christians, The Last Arameans.
  • The New York Times - October 11, 1915: Turkish Horrors in Persia

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ...

See also

Armenian Genocide photo. ... Proposed State of Assyria The Flag of the Assyrian People. ... The following is a list of Assyrian towns and villages. ... The Pontus region New York Times headlines which observes that the entire Christian population of Trabzon was wiped out.[1] Pontian Greek Genocide (Greek: Γενοκτονία των Ελλήνων του Πόντου, Turkish: Pontus Rumları Soykırımı) is a controversial term used to refer to the persecutions, massacres, and other sufferings, including but not limited to the... Father Yusuf Akbulut is an Assyrian priest who was arrested by Turkish authorities after stating in an interview that he believed Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks were subjected to a genocide by Turkey. ...

External links


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THE GREAT WAR (7278 words)
The Assyrians put the question to Captain Gracy in his own language; and again the Patriarch and his people were assured of their freedom, and of possessing a homeland, wherein they would enjoy that freedom under the protection of the allied powers.
The Assyrians slowly began to withdraw; unaware of the intentions of their foe the Turks continued their assault and allowed themselves to be drawn deeper into the valley.
The Assyrians at this time were being attacked from two sides, the North and the South West, it was arranged that the northern front should be held firmly by the Urmia battalion, whilst General Putros takes his battalion and attacks the Turks at Saujbulak to the southwest.
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