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Encyclopedia > Assos

Assos (Behramkale) - located in Turkey

Aristotle lived here and St Paul visited, but today visitors go to Assos as a tranquil Aegean-coast seaside retreat amid ancient ruins.

Atop a hill surrounded by olive groves are the ruins of the Doric-style Temple of Athena (530 BC) surrounded by crumbling city walls and an ancient necropolis (cemetery). Nearby is the 14th-century Ottoman Murad Hüdavendigar Mosque. The hill offers spectacular views of the Aegean Sea and the nearby Greek island of Lesvos.

Down the steep seaward side of the hill at the water's edge is the hamlet called Iskele (Dock, Wharf), with old stone houses now serving as inns, pensions and restaurants. It's hopelessly charming and picturesque.The small pebbly beach is less of an attraction than the boat tours and the picturesqueness of the hamlet itself.

Though officially named Behramkale (BEHH-rahm-kah-leh), most people still call the town by its ancient name of Assos. It was founded in the 700s BC by colonists from Lesvos. Aristotle came here and married King Hermeias's niece, Pythia, before sailing over to Lesvos.

These days, the nearest Lesvos ferry service is from Ayvalik, to the south. The way to get to Assos is by bus from Çanakkale or Ayvalik. You'll probably have to get off the bus at Ayvacik (not Ayvalik) and switch to a minibus or taxi to make the final 19-km (12-mile) run into Assos.

The nearest small airport is at Çanakkale, the nearest large one is Adnan Menderes Airport south of Izmir. The slow Bandirma-Izmir train stops at Balikesir, 161 km (100 miles) to the east. Gong by bus is faster.

  Results from FactBites:
Assos - Turkish Cities (199 words)
Assos is an ancient walled city sitting on top of a hill overlooking the northern Aegean Sea.
At the foot of the hill, the seaside town of Assos (Behramkale), is built on a narrow strip of land between the sea and steep cliffs.
Assos is the ideal location from which to explore this region.
Hotels in Turkey | Hotels in Istanbul | Blue Voyage Yachting and Cabin Charters | Assos (Behramkale) (676 words)
Assos was originally founded by Aeolian colonists from Lesbos in the 7th century B.C. In the 6th century B.C. it came under the rule of the Lydians and with their defeat at the hands of the Persians in 546 B.C., the city came under Persian rule.
In 334 B.C. Assos was taken by Alexander, and the city was part of the Pergamon kingdom from 241 to 133 B.C. after which it came under Roman rule.
Assos was ruled by Byzantium after 395 A.D. During this period it was known as Makhram.
  More results at FactBites »



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