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Encyclopedia > Associates
Associates
Background information
Origin Scotland
Genre(s) New Wave, Post-Punk
Years active 1980–1990
Label(s) Fiction (1980-1981), WEA (1982-1988), Circa Records (1989-present)
Members
Billy Mackenzie (vocals)
Alan Rankine (guitars & keyboards)
Michael Dempsey (Bass guitar)
John Murphy (1981, drums)
Steve Goulding (1982, drums)
Howard Hughes (1984-1989, keyboards)

The Associates were a Scottish new wave band of the early 1980s. They were well known for the operatic and extraordinary voice of singer Billy Mackenzie who died tragically in 1997. Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in Western popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s inspired by the punk rock movement. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Fiction Records is a record label that was founded in 1978 by Chris Parry as a home for The Cure. ... The Wea Plains, a historical marker near the extinct town of Granville in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. ... William MacArthur MacKenzie, known as Billy MacKenzie (27 March 1957 – January 22, 1997) was a Scottish singer, notable for his powerful voice and vast vocal range. ... Harry Belafonte singing, photograph by C. van Vechten Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with speech. ... Alan Rankine was born on 17 May 1958, in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... Michael Dempsey was born on February 29th, 1958 in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia He met Robert Smith (musician), Lol Tolhurst, and Porl Thompson at school and played in some of their early bands like Malice and The Obelisk. ... The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a string instrument played with the fingers by plucking, slapping, or using a pick. ... John Murphy is a drummer who has played in bands such as Whirlywirld, The Associates, Max Q, Dumb And The Ugly, Shriekback, SPK, Death In June, Knifeladder, and Sword Volcano Complex. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in Western popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s inspired by the punk rock movement. ... William MacArthur MacKenzie, known as Billy MacKenzie (27 March 1957 – January 22, 1997) was a Scottish singer, notable for his powerful voice and vast vocal range. ...

Contents

History

1979 - 1982 - Associates Mk 1

MacKenzie and Rankine met in Dundee in 1976 and formed the cabaret duo The Ascorbic Ones, in 1979 they recorded songs under the name of Mental Toture before finally changing their name to The Associates. They then recorded their debut single, a cover of David Bowie's Boys Keep Swinging. Their version attracted a good deal of attention, not least from David Bowie, as it was released before Bowie's version. A string of highly regarded singles were released and two albums The Affectionate Punch (which inspired bands such as U2) and Fourth Drawer Down. For other uses, see Dundee (disambiguation). ... Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... ”Boys Keep Swinging” was a single by David Bowie. ...


The band's breakthrough came in 1982 with the release of the single Party Fears Two, buoyed along by the popularity of synthpop at the time, the song made #9 on the UK singles chart. Two other hits soon followed, 18 Carat Love Affair, and Club Country. That year the band released what is widely regarded as their masterpiece Sulk, an album which exacted comparisons with Brian Wilson's production style. To this day Sulk is impossible to describe genre wise. It's watery and dense production style is held to be remarkably different to almost any other record from the era. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Sulk is the third album by Scottish New-wave band The Associates. ... Brian Douglas Wilson (born June 20, 1942 in Hawthorne, California), is an American pop musician, best known as the lead songwriter, bassist, and lead singer of the American rock band The Beach Boys. ...


1983 - 1990 - Associates Mk 2 and Commercial Decline

Alan Rankine left the band in 1982 just before the Sulk Tour. This proved disastrous in terms of the bands career, in particular as the band were being actively courted by Seymour Stein who thought they could become massive stars in the USA. Mackenzie recorded some material under the name 39 Lyon Street with friends and then continued to write and record music under the Associates name until 1990. The albums Perhaps, The Glamour Chase (Which was never released by his record company due to it being, in their opinion, commercially unviable. It was finally released in 2002) and Wild and Lonely were made in this timescale. However without the guiding hand of Rankine, recordings were sporadic and arguably failed to reach the majesty or inventiveness of his earlier work. Associates records failed to reach the charts in the UK and sold far fewer then their early albums. Many fans also reckon that the Associates record company were pushing Billy into homogenising The Associates' sound to fit in with what was popular at the time which is especially evident on the album Wild and Lonely. True to the original band's name, he never stopped working and writing music with other "associates", either for himself or guest-starring in other artists' albums with always stunning lead or backing vocals. Alan Rankine was born on 17 May 1958, in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Seymour Stein is an entrepreneur in the music industry whose career spans from the 50s onwards. ...


Dissolution, Reunion and Split

The Associates name was put to rest by Mackenzie when he became enamoured with dance and elctronica and released a solo album Outernational in 1992 with limited success. In 1993 he got back together with Alan Rankine to do some music together. The original Associates reforming generated hype and speculation of a tour and the demos recorded by the two were promising. However Mackenzie was not fully committed to the reunion and especially touring with it so the Associates split for a final time. Billy then went back to his solo work up until 1997 and his tragic suicide, signing a deal with Nude Records and finding a new collabrative partner in Steve Aungle. Nude Records was setup by Saul Galpern in 1991. ...


Billy Mackenzie and his Legacy

Lead singer Billy MacKenzie, became renowned for his dramatic vocal style, and he achieved a cult following, eventually becoming involved with Swiss avant garde outfit Yello. During his tenure with Yello he wrote the lyrics of the song "The Rhythm Divine" performed by Shirley Bassey on the album One Second, with MacKenzie also doing backing vocals.[1] William MacArthur MacKenzie, known as Billy MacKenzie (27 March 1957 – January 22, 1997) was a Scottish singer, notable for his powerful voice and vast vocal range. ... Yellos newly created Logo Yello is a popular Swiss electronica band consisting of Dieter Meier and Boris Blank. ... Dame Shirley Veronica Bassey, DBE (born January 8, 1937 ) (age 70) in Cardiff, Wales), is a Welsh singer, perhaps best-known for performing the theme songs to the James Bond films Goldfinger (1964), Diamonds Are Forever (1971), and Moonraker (1979). ... One Second was Yellos fifth original album, having been preceded by a new mix compilation the year previously. ...


MacKenzie was also a close friend of Morrissey for several years, and is reported to be the subject of The Smiths' song "William, It Was Really Nothing". (Furthering the rumours, the Associates subsequently recorded a song entitled "Stephen, You Were Really Something".) Steven Patrick Morrissey (born May 22, 1959) is an English singer and songwriter from Davyhulme, near Manchester. ... The Smiths were an English rock group active from 1982 to 1987. ... William, It Was Really Nothing is a song by British band The Smiths. ...


Billy MacKenzie committed suicide in 1997 aged 39, after suffering from clinical depression. He was contemplating a comeback at the time with material co-written mostly with Scottish musician Steve Aungle. The albums Beyond the Sun (1997) and Eurocentric (2000) were released posthumously and re-constructed (and expanded with new unreleased songs) in 2004 into two albums: Auchtermatic and Transmission Impossible. Rather than surrender to US soldiers, the Mayor (Bürgermeister) of Leipzig Germany, committed suicide along with his wife and daughter on April 20, 1945. ... Clinical depression (also called major depressive disorder, or unipolar depression when compared to bipolar disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ...


Reissue Program

Before Mackenzie's death almost all Associates records had been deleted. Former band member Michael Dempsey and the Mackenzie estate began a reissue program to make sure The Associates legacy continues. Almost every Associates album has been re-issued so far, including a 25-Anniversary edition of The Affectionate Punch in 2005. Michael Dempsey was born on February 29th, 1958 in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia He met Robert Smith (musician), Lol Tolhurst, and Porl Thompson at school and played in some of their early bands like Malice and The Obelisk. ...


In addition to the original albums, two compilations have been released: Double Hipness (2000), a collection of early tracks with the 1993' reunion demos and Singles (2004), an extended version of Popera - The singles collection which catches up with post-1990 material and includes the cover of Bowie's Boys Keep Swinging. In 2002, The Glamour Chase recorded in the years 1985-87 was eventually released. Finally, the 90s album Wild & Lonely and Mackenzie solo album Outernational have been released in 2006, repackaged with bonus tracks.


Alan Rankine is now a lecturer in music at Stow College in Glasgow, and worked with Belle & Sebastian on their debut album, Tigermilk in 1996. A book "The Glamour Chase" by Tom Doyle, documents the band's career and MacKenzie's subsequent life. Stow College is a college in Glasgow in Scotland. ... “Glaswegian” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Tigermilk is the 1996 debut album from Scottish pop group Belle & Sebastian. ...


Band members

  • Billy Mackenzie - Vocals
  • Alan Rankine - Guitars & Keyboards
  • Michael Dempsey - Bass guitar, formerly of The Cure
  • John Murphy, later of SPK and Death In June, was the Associates' drummer in 1981.
  • Steve Goulding, formerly of Graham Parker & the Rumour and later of the Mekons, was the Associates' drummer in 1982.
  • Howard Hughes was a longtime friend of Billy Mackenzie and played keyboards on his later albums Perhaps, The Glamour Chase and Wild And Lonely.
  • Martha Ladly - Backup vocals on Sulk, previously a vocalist with Martha and the Muffins.
  • Robert Smith - Backing vocals on 'The Affectionate Punch', the lead singer of The Cure who were also signed to Fiction at the time.

William MacArthur MacKenzie, known as Billy MacKenzie (27 March 1957 – January 22, 1997) was a Scottish singer, notable for his powerful voice and vast vocal range. ... Alan Rankine was born on 17 May 1958, in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Michael Dempsey was born on February 29th, 1958 in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia He met Robert Smith (musician), Lol Tolhurst, and Porl Thompson at school and played in some of their early bands like Malice and The Obelisk. ... The Cure are an English rock band that formed in Crawley, Sussex in 1976. ... John Murphy is a drummer who has played in bands such as Whirlywirld, The Associates, Max Q, Dumb And The Ugly, Shriekback, SPK, Death In June, Knifeladder, and Sword Volcano Complex. ... SPK, formed in 1978 in Sydney, Australia, was a 1980s and early 1990s industrial music and noise music act featuring Graeme Revell, who would later go on to become a successful Hollywood movie composer. ... Death In June is the musical brainchild of English folk musician Douglas Pearce, better known as Douglas P. Death In June was originally formed in Britain in 1981 as a trio, but after the other members left in 1985 to work on other projects, the group became the work of... Graham Parker playing at Brits Pub in Minneapolis, Minnesota . ... The Mekons. ... Martha Ladly is a Canadian musician, designer and academic. ... Sulk is the third album by Scottish New-wave band The Associates. ... Martha and the Muffins were a Canadian new wave synth pop band in the 1970s and 1980s. ...

Discography

Albums and Compilations

  • The Affectionate Punch (Fiction, 1980)
  • Fourth Drawer Down (Situation Two, 1981)
  • Sulk (WEA, 1982)
  • The Affectionate Punch (Remixed) (Fiction, 1982)
  • Perhaps (WEA, 1985)
  • The Glamour Chase (WEA, 1988) - but unreleased until 2003
  • Wild And Lonely (circa 1990)
  • Popera (WEA East West, 1990)
  • The Radio 1 Sessions (Nighttracks, 1994)
  • Double Hipness (V2, 2000)
  • Radio 1 Sessions Volume 1;1981-83 (Strange Fruit, 2003)
  • Radio 1 Sessions Volume 2;1984-85 (Strange Fruit, 2003)
  • Singles (Warners, 2004)

Singles Fiction Records is a record label that was founded in 1978 by Chris Parry as a home for The Cure. ... Sulk is the third album by Scottish New-wave band The Associates. ... The Wea Plains, a historical marker near the extinct town of Granville in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. ... V2 Records is a record label which was started in 1996 by Richard Branson, four years after he sold Virgin Records to EMI. Over the years V2 acquired Junior Boys Own, Gee Street Records and Big Cat Records. ... Strange Fruit Records is an independent record label in the United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

  • Boys Keep Swinging (Double Hip, 1979)
  • A (1981)
  • Would I...Bounce Back? (1981)
  • Q Quarters (Situation Two, 1981)
  • Tell Me Easter's on Friday (Situation Two, 1981)
  • Kites [as 39 Lyon Street] (1981)
  • Kitchen Person (Situation Two, 1981)
  • Message Oblique Speech (Situation Two, 1981)
  • White Car in Germany (Situation Two, 1981)
  • Party Fears Two (WEA, 1982) UK #9
  • Club Country (WEA, 1982) UK #13
  • 18 Carat Love Affair/Love Hangover (WEA, 1982) UK #21
  • Those First Impressions (1984) UK #43
  • Waiting For the Love Boat (1984) UK #53
  • Breakfast (1984) UK #49
  • Take Me To the Girl (1985) UK #95
  • Heart of Glass (1988) UK #56
  • Fever (1990) UK #81
  • Fire to Ice (1990) UK #92
  • Just Can't Say Goodbye (1990) UK #79

Love Hangover was a very successful and popular single for legendary Motown diva Diana Ross when it was released in 1976. ...

Worked with

Apollo 440 is a British musical band formed in 1990 in Liverpool by brothers Trevor and Howard Gray with fellow Liverpudlian Noko. ... Barry Adamson (June 1, 1958) is a British rock musician who has worked with Magazine, Nick Cave And The Bad Seeds, Pan Sonic, and has worked on film soundtracks for David Lynch. ... Heaven 17 are an English synthpop band originating in Sheffield in the early 1980s. ... Boris Grebenshchikov, 1985 Boris Grebenshchikov (Russian: ) is one of the most prominent members of the generation which is widely considered the founding fathers of Russian rock music. ... Yellos newly created Logo Yello is a popular Swiss electronica band consisting of Dieter Meier and Boris Blank. ... Scottish musician, a member of 1980s band Josef K (band). ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Blair Booth Blair Booth is an American actress and musician, best known as the front woman of Oui3. ...

Trivia

  • A couple of songs were subsequently recorded by friends of Billy Mackenzie that reflected the sadness and the feeling of missed opportunities caused by his death: The Cure's 2001 single, "Cut Here" and The Creatures' "Say" (1999).
  • An instrumental section of "Party Fears Two" was used as the theme music for the long-running BBC Radio 4 satirical current affairs series Week Ending.
  • The Smiths song "William It Was Really Nothing' is said to be a skewed tribute from lead-singer Stephen Patrick Morrissey to Billy Mackenzie. In 1993 he recorded his own response "Stephen, You're Really Something" (later released on the complilation "Double Hipness" in 2000).
  • Bands who have covered "Party Fears Two" include The Divine Comedy.

William MacArthur MacKenzie, known as Billy MacKenzie (27 March 1957 – January 22, 1997) was a Scottish singer, notable for his powerful voice and vast vocal range. ... The Cure are an English rock band that formed in Crawley, Sussex in 1976. ... The Creatures were formed in 1981 as a side-project for Siouxsie & the Banshees members Siouxsie Sioux and Budgie. ... BBC Radio 4 is a British domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of chiefly spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... Week Ending. ... The Smiths were an English rock group active from 1982 to 1987. ... Steven Patrick Morrissey (born May 22, 1959) is an English singer and songwriter from Davyhulme, near Manchester. ... The Divine Comedy is a pop band from Northern Ireland fronted by Neil Hannon. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Discography compiled by Craig Burton and Mark Adams in Tom Doyle's biography of Billy MacKenzie: The Glamour Chase (ISBN 0747536155)

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