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Encyclopedia > Assimilation (linguistics)

Assimilation is a regular and frequent sound change process by which a phoneme changes to match an adjacent phoneme in a word. A common example of assimilation is vowels being 'nasalized' before nasal consonants as it is difficult to change the shape of the mouth sufficiently quickly. Sound change or phonetic change is a historical process of language change consisting in the replacement of one speech sound or, more generally, one phonetic feature by another in a given phonological environment. ... In human language, a phoneme is a set of phones (speech sounds or sign elements) that are cognitively equivalent. ...


If the phoneme changes to match the preceding phoneme, it is progressive assimilation (also left-to-right, perseveratory, or preservative assimilation). If the phoneme changes to match the following phoneme, it is regressive assimilation (also right-to-left or anticipatory assimilation). If there is a mutual influence between the two phonemes, it is reciprocal assimilation. In the latter case the two phonemes can fuse completely and give a birth to a different one. This is called a coalescence.


Assimilation may result in the neighbouring segments becoming identical, yielding a geminate consonant; this is complete assimilation. In other cases, only some features of phonemes assimilate, e.g. voicing or place of articulation; this is partial assimilation. Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Phoneticians define phonation as use of the laryngeal system to generate an audible source of acoustic energy, i. ... Places of articulation (passive & active): 1. ...


Examples


Complete assimilation:

  • The word assimilation itself (from Latin ad + simile)
  • illegible (in + legible)
  • suppose (sub + pose)
  • in Italian: Egitto (tt < pt), dottore (tt < kt), and many more

Partial assimilation: Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Egypt redirects here. ... Il Dottore or the Doctor (usually called Dottore Balanzone or Dottore Graziano, the Doctor) is a commedia dellarte stock character, he is a local aristocrat or doctor of medicine or doctor of law (lawyer), or doctor of anything he claims to know everything about which is most things. ...

  • voicing: the pronunciation of absurd as apsurd or abzurd
  • voicing: bats (bat + the plural morpheme s, which is underlyingly /z/)
  • place of articulation: impossible (in + possible), incomplete (in which n represents the velar nasal)

Numerous examples can be found at List of Latin words with English derivatives. Look up Plural on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Plural is a grammatical number, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. ... In morpheme-based morphology, a morpheme is the smallest language unit that carries a semantic interpretation. ... The velar nasal is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages). ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Assimilation (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (262 words)
Assimilation is a regular and frequent sound change process by which a phoneme changes to match an adjacent phoneme in a word.
A common example of assimilation is vowels being 'nasalized' before nasal consonants as it is difficult to change the shape of the mouth sufficiently quickly.
Assimilation may result in the neighbouring segments becoming identical, yielding a geminate consonant; this is complete assimilation.
Assimilation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (217 words)
Assimilation (linguistics), a linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound
Assimilation (biology), the conversion of nutrient into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption
Assimilation (Star Trek), process used by the fictional Borg race to integrate a being into the collective structure
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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