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Encyclopedia > Assembly of the Republic
Portugal

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Portugal
Image File history File links COA_of_Portugal. ... The four main organs of the national government are the presidency, the prime minister and Council of Ministers (the government), the Assembly of the Republic (the parliament), and the judiciary. ...



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São Bento Palace, home of the Portuguese Parliament.
São Bento Palace, home of the Portuguese Parliament.

The Assembly of the Republic (Portuguese: Assembleia da República, pron. IPA: [ɐsẽ'blɐiɐ dɐ ʁɛ'publikɐ]) is the Portuguese parliament. It is located in a historical building in Lisbon, referred to as Palácio de São Bento, the site of an old Benedictine monastery. Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ... Aníbal António Cavaco Silva (pron. ... In Portugal, the post of Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro) is the head of the countrys Government. ... José Sócrates Carvalho Pinto de Sousa, GCIH (pron. ... The Council of Ministers is a collegial body presided over by the Prime Minister. ... Portuguese Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court of law in Portugal and is without prejudice to the jurisdiction of the Portuguese Constitutional Court. ... The Portuguese Constitutional Court is a special court, defined by the Portuguese Constitution as part of the judicial branch of the Portuguese political organization. ... The Council of State is an organ established by the Constitution of Portugal to advise the President of the Republic of Portugal in the exercise of many of his discretionary, reserve powers. ... Elections in Portugal gives information on election and election results in Portugal. ... General Summary The Portuguese presidential election of 2006 was held on January 22. ... The Portuguese legislative election of 2005 took place on February 20. ... Political parties in Portugal lists political parties in Portugal. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... The exercise of diplomacy by the authorities of the sovereign state of Portugal extends as far back as 1139. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Assembleia_Republica_Portugal_2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Assembleia_Republica_Portugal_2. ... Neoclassical portico of São Bento Palace, the Parliament of Portugal. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa, IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... The Portuguese Parliament The Palácio de São Bento (English: Saint Benedicts Palace) is the home of the Assembly of the Republic, the Portuguese parliament. ...


According to the Portuguese Constitution, the unicameral Assembly "is the representative assembly of all Portuguese citizens." The constitution names the assembly as one of the country's organs of supreme authority. The first Portuguese Constitution was drafted in 1822. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


The Assembly of the Republic's power derives from its power to dismiss a government through a vote of no confidence, to impeach the President of the Republic, to change the country's laws, and to amend the constitution (this one requires a majority of two-thirds). In addition to these key powers, the constitution grants to the Assembly extensive legislative powers and substantial control over the budget, the right to authorize the government to raise taxes and grant loans, the power to ratify treaties and other kinds of international agreements, and the duty to approve or reject decisions by the President of the Republic to declare war and make peace. The assembly also appoints many members of important state institutions, such as ten of the thirteen members of the Constitutional Court and seven of the sixteen members of the Council of State. Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ... Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ... A Constitutional Court is a high court found in many countries which deals primary with constitutional law. ... The Council of State is an organ established by the Constitution of Portugal to advise the President of the Republic of Portugal in the exercise of many of his discretionary, reserve powers. ...


The constitution requires the assembly to quickly review and approve an incoming government's program. Parliamentary rules allow the assembly to call for committees of inquiry to examine the government's actions. Political opposition represented in the assembly has the power to review the cabinet's actions, even though it is unlikely that the actions can be reversed. Party groups can also call for interpellations that require debates about specific government policies.


The assembly consisted at first of 250 members, but the constitutional reforms of 1989 reduced its number to between 180 and 230. Members were elected by popular vote for legislative terms of four years from the country's twenty-two constituencies (eighteen in mainland Portugal corresponding to each district, one for each autonomous regions, Azores (Portuguese: Açores) and Madeira, one for Portuguese living in Europe and a last one for those living in the rest of the world. Except for the constituencies for Portuguese living abroad, which are fixed at two members each, the number of voters registered in a constituency determines the number of its members in the assembly, using the Hondt method of proportional representation. Constituencies vary greatly in size; as many as the 48 representatives from the district of Lisbon and as few as two from the district of Portalegre. Districts There are 18 Districts (distritos, singular - distrito) in mainland Portugal: note: Territorial division in Portugal is currently in flux, because of planned decentralization. ... Motto: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos (Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem: A Portuguesa (national) Hino dos Açores (local) Capital Ponta Delgada (Presidency of the Regional Government) Angra do Heroísmo (Supreme Court)1 Horta (Legislative Assembly)2 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese... Motto: Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres (Of the islands, the most beautiful and free) Anthem: A Portuguesa (national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira (local) Capital (largest city) Funchal Portuguese Government Autonomous region  - President Alberto João Jardim Independence    - Settled 1420   - Autonomy 1976  Area  - Total 797... The dHondt method is a highest averages method for allocating seats in party-list proportional representation. ... Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is a category of electoral formula aiming at a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive (usually in legislative assemblies). ... Lisbon (Lisboa in Portuguese) is a district of Portugal. ... The District of Portalegre is located in the South of Portugal. ...

Interior of the main session room of the Parliament, completed in 1903 by architect Ventura Terra.
Interior of the main session room of the Parliament, completed in 1903 by architect Ventura Terra.

According to the constitution, members of the assembly represent the entire country, not the constituency from which they are elected. This directive was reinforced in practice by the strong role of political parties in regard to members of the assembly. Party leadership, for example, determined in which areas candidates were to run for office, thus often weakening members' ties to their constituencies. Moreover, members of the assembly were expected to vote with their party and to work within parliamentary groups based on party membership. Party discipline was strong, and insubordinate members could be coerced through a variety of means. A further obstacle to members' independence was that their bills first had to be submitted to the parliamentary groups, and it was these group leaders who set the assembly's agenda. Image File history File links Parlamento-IPPAR1. ... Image File history File links Parlamento-IPPAR1. ...


The President of the Assembly of the Republic is the second hierarchical figure in the Portuguese state and is usually nominated by the party that holds the majority of the seats, the President is aided by four vice-presidents, nominated by the other parties represented in the parliament and is usually the speaker, when he is not present, one of the vice-presidents takes the role of speaker. When the President of the Republic is, for any reason, unable to perform to job, the President of the Assembly of the Republic becomes his substitute. Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ...


Latest election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 20 February 2005 Portuguese Assembly of the Republic election results
Party Votes % Change Seats
Socialist Party 2,588,312 45.0% +07.2% 121
Social Democratic Party 1,653,425 28.8% -11.4% 75
Unitarian Democratic Coalition (Portuguese Communist Party + Ecologist Party "The Greens") 433,369 07.6% +00.6% 14
People's Party 416,415 07.3% -01.5% 12
Left Bloc 364,971 06.4% +03.7% 8
Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers 48,186 00.8% - 0
New Democracy 40,358 00.7% - 0
Humanist Party 17,056 00.3% - 0
National Renovator Party 9,374 00.2% - 0
Socialist United Workers' Party 5,535 00.1% - 0
Democratic Party of the Atlantic 1,618 00.0% - 0
Blank Ballots 103,537 01.8% - -
Invalid Ballots 65,515 01.1% - -
Total (Turnout 64,26 %) 5,747,834 - - 230
  • Source: Portuguese Electoral Comission)
  • Registered Voters: 8,944,508

The Socialist Party ( Portuguese: Partido Socialista) is a political party of Portugal. ... The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrata, pron. ... CDU logo The Unitarian Democratic Coalition (Portuguese: Coligação Democrática Unitária or CDU) is an electoral and political coalition between the Portuguese Communist Party (Portuguese: Partido Comunista Português or PCP) and the Ecologist Party The Greens (Portuguese: Partido Ecologista Os Verdes or PEV). ... PCPs official symbol, featuring the hammer and sickle and the Portuguese national colors, red and green. ... The Ecologist Party The Greens (Portuguese: Partido Ecologista Os Verdes or PEV) is a Portuguese green party, member of the European Greens and a founding member of the European Federation of Green Parties. ... The Democratic Social Center / Peoples Party (Portuguese: Centro Democrático Social / Partido Popular or CDS/PP) is a Portuguese political party. ... Leftwing Bloc (Portuguese: Bloco de Esquerda) is a Portuguese left-wing political party founded in 1999. ... PCTP-MRPP symbol The Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers - Reorganizative Movement of the Party of the Proletariat (in the original, Portuguese, PCTP/MRPP - Partido Comunista dos Trabalhadores Portugueses/Movimento Reorganizativo do Partido do Proletariado) was founded in 1970, its first secretary-general being Arnaldo Matos. ... The New Democracy (Nova Democracia) is a conservative political party in Portugal, without parliamentary representation. ... The Humanist Party (Portugese: Partido Humanista) is a minor political party in Portugal. ... The National Renewal Party (Partido Nacional Renovador, pron. ... Workers Party of Socialist Unity (Portuguese: Partido Operário de Unidade Socialista or POUS) is small trotskiyst party in Portugal, founded in 1976 after a small split from the Portuguese Socialist Party and is part of a small section of the former 4th International, the International Secretariat of the Fourth... The Democratic Party of the Atlantic (Partido Democrático do Atlântico, pron. ...

See also

  • São Bento Palace

Neoclassical portico of São Bento Palace, the Parliament of Portugal. ...

External link

  • Official webpage of the Assembly of the Republic

  Results from FactBites:
 
Assembly of the Republic - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (599 words)
According to the Portuguese Constitution, the unicameral Assembly "is the representative assembly of all Portuguese citizens." The constitution names the assembly as one of the country's organs of supreme authority.
The Assembly of the Republic's power derives from its power to dismiss a government through a vote of no confidence, to impeach the President of the Republic, to change the country's laws, and to amend the constitution (this one requires a majority of two-thirds).
When the President of the Republic is, for any reason, unable to perform to job, the President of the Assembly of the Republic becomes his substitute.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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