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Encyclopedia > Assembly of Experts
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Iran
Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ...



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Iran
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Supreme Leader: Ali Khamenei
President: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Assembly of Experts
Guardian Council
Majlis
City and Village Councils
Expediency Council
Political parties
Elections
The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... Ayatollah Ali Khamenei Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای; born July 15, 1939) is the Supreme Leader of Iran. ... The President of Iran holds a very important office in Irans political establishment. ... Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, also written Ahmadinezhad, (Persian: محمود احمدی‌نژاد ; born October 28, 1956), is the sixth president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی in Persian) is a high office within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which has the authority to interpret the constitution and to determine if the laws passed by the parliament are in line with the constitution of Iran. ... مجلس شورای اسلامی - The Majles; Irans Parliament. ... City and Village Councils (full title is: Provincial, City, District and Village Councils) are local councils which are elected by public vote in all cities and villages throughout Iran. ... The Expediency Discernment Council of the System (Persian: مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام), is an establishment in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians, and also to serve as a consultative council to the Supreme Leader. ... Political parties in Iran lists political parties in Iran. ... Politics of Iran Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Iran ...

The Assembly of Experts (also Assembly of Experts for the Leadership) of Iran (Persian: مجلس خبرگان رهبری, Majles-e-Khobregan), is a congressional body for selecting the Supreme Leader and supervising his activities. Its name comes from the requirement that all its members be experts in Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), so they are able to judge the activities of the Supreme Leader, and making sure he does not violate Islamic rules and is complying to his duties according to the constitution. Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fârsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, پارسی Pârsi, older, local name still used by some speakers, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia... A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: ولی فقیه or رهبر, Rahbar, literally Leader) was created in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran as the central political and religious authority of the nation. ... Islamic jurisprudence, (Arabic: Fiqh) (in Arabic and Persian: فقه) is made up of the rulings (Fatwa) of Muslim Islamic jurists (Ulema) to direct the lives of the Muslims. ...


Members of the assembly are elected by direct public vote to eight year terms.


According to the Iranian Constitution, the assembly is in charge of electing the Supreme Leader, which is then appointed for life, However the assembly has the power to remove him at any time. The assembly elects a new Supreme Leader, in the event of dissmisal or death of the previous Supreme Leader. The December 1979 constitution, and its 1989 amendment, define the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...


The assembly gathers every six months, and the members are elected by public vote for eight-year terms. The candidates are subject to approval of Guardian Council. Currently, the average age of the member is over 60 years, which results in many mid-term elections. The Guardian Council of the Constitution (شورای نگهبان قانون اساسی in Persian) is a high office within the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran which has the authority to interpret the constitution and to determine if the laws passed by the parliament are in line with the constitution of Iran. ...


The meetings and the meeting notes of the assembly are confidential. Secrecy is the condition of hiding information from others. ...


It is currently chaired by Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, deputied by Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, and Ayatollah Ebrahim Amini. Current scribes are Ghorbanali Dorri-Najafabadi and Ahmad Khatami. Persian Ayatollah, strictly Ayætollah (Arabic: آية الله; Persian: آيت‌الله) is a high rank given to major Shīˤa clerics. ... Ayatollah Ali Meshkini is an Iranian cleric and politician. ... President Rafsanjani Akbar Hashemi Bahramani (Persian: اکبر هاشمی بهرمانی), famously known as Hashemi Rafsanjani (هاشمی رفسنجانی) (born August 25, 1934) is one of the most influential Iranian politicians, and the Chairman of the Expediency Discernment Council of Iran. ... Ghorbanali Dori-Najafabadi was the minister of intelligence and security in when some journalists and opponent politicians were killed in Iran by security agents. ...


Currently, most members of the assembly are conservatives, so the assembly is usually considered as a threat to the ongoing reform movement. Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Reformism (also called revisionism or revisionist theory) is the belief that gradual changes in a society can ultimately change its fundamental structures. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Assembly of Experts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (689 words)
On the basis of the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran and Assembly of Experts established in 1983.
The 3rd assembly was chaired by Ayatollah Ali Meshkini, deputied by Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, and Ayatollah Ebrahim Amini.
Assembly of Experts in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Iran
Assembly of Experts (964 words)
The idea of an assembly of experts was born out of the post-revolution debates concerning a constituent assembly for drawing up a constitution.
The balloting for the Second Assembly of Experts, as required by the constitution, was held in December 1982 for the election of 83 members, of whom 76 were elected in the first round and the rest in the second round.
On 23 February 1999 the third Assembly of Experts, which was elected in October 1998, held its inaugural meeting in the holy city of Qom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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