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Encyclopedia > Aslan Maskhadov
Aslan Maskhadov
Aslan Maskhadov

Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Аслан Алиевич Масхадов) (September 21, 1951March 8, 2005) was a leader of the separatist movement in the southern Russian republic of Chechnya. He was credited by many with the Chechen victory in the First Chechen War, which allowed for the de facto establishment of an independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Maskhadov became President of the nation in January of 1997 with heavy backup from Moscow. Following the start of the Second Chechen War, he returned to leading the guerrilla movement against the Russian army. He was reported killed in a village in southern Chechnya in March 2005. Download high resolution version (879x578, 100 KB)Aslan Maskhadov, The President of Chechen Republic Ichkeria File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (879x578, 100 KB)Aslan Maskhadov, The President of Chechen Republic Ichkeria File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Separatism involves setting oneself or others apart. ... αĞ Capital Grozny Area - total - % water Ranked 80th - 15,300 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 49th - est. ... The First Chechen War occurred when Russian forces attempted to recapture the breakaway southern republic of Chechnya in a two year period lasting from 1994 to 1996. ... Official language Chechen Claimed Capital Grozny (Dzhokhar, after 1996) President Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Russia  â€“ November 1, 1991  â€“ none National anthem Death or Freedom The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (Чеченская Республика Ичкерия) is the unrecognized secessionist government of the Chechen Republic. ... This is a list of Presidents of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, a separatist movement that controlled most of Chechnya from 1991 to 1999 (see First Chechen War, Second Chechen War). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: ) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Combatants Russia Chechen separatists Casualties Unknown (minimum 5,000 killed) Unknown (minimum 5,000 killed) Chechnya within Russia Chechnya and Caucasus region The Second Chechen War is part of an ongoing conflict in the Chechen Republic (Chechnya) and Russia. ... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from the Spanish guerrilla meaning little war, and used to describe small combat groups and the individual members of such groups (see Etymology). ...

Contents


Early life

Soviet Army Colonel Maskahdov
Soviet Army Colonel Maskahdov

In 1951, Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov was born in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, in the small village of Shakai. This was during the exile of the Chechen people, under Joseph Stalin's orders. In 1957, his family was allowed to return to Chechnya. He joined the Red Army, training in the neighboring Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, and graduating from the Tbilisi Artillery School in 1972. He graduated from Leningrad's Military Academy in 1981, and he was posted to Hungary with a self-propelled artillery regiment. He served from 1990 as the local commander of Soviet rocket forces and artillery in Vilnius, capital of the Lithuanian SSR. He retired from the Russian Army in 1992 with the rank of a colonel and returned to his native land. Image File history File links Mashadovtup1. ... Image File history File links Mashadovtup1. ... State motto: Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер! Official language None. ... // Geography The Chechen people are mainly inhabitants of Chechnya, which is internationally recognized as part of Russia. ... (Russian, in full: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин [Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin]; December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s to his death in 1953 and General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... αĞ Capital Grozny Area - total - % water Ranked 80th - 15,300 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 49th - est. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... State motto: პროლეტარ ყველა ქვეყნისა, შეერთდით! Official language Georgian since 1978 (Georgia was the only Soviet republic to have an official language) Capital Tbilisi Chairman of the Supreme Council Zviad Gamsakhurdia (at independence) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 10th in former Soviet Union 69,700 km2 -- Population  - Total (1989)  - Density Ranked... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) is a historical name of the Russian city of Saint Petersburg, used between 1924 and 1991. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A U.S. M109A6 Paladin self-propelled howitzer Self-propelled artillery (also called mobile artilley or locomotive artillery) vehicles mount a large howitzer (or alternatively mortar or rockets) and are used for long-range indirect bombardment support. ... This article is about the year. ... Location Ethnographic region DzÅ«kija County Vilnius County Municipality Vilnius city municipality Elderate Number of elderates 20 Coordinates General information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population (rank) 540,318 in 2005 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Vilnius ( (help· info), Belarusian: , Polish... State motto: Visų Å¡alių proletarai, vienykitÄ—s! (Workers of all countries, unite) Official language Lithuanian, Russian (de facto). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ...


First Chechen War

After the fall of the Soviet Union, Maskhadov became the Chief of Staff for the embryonic Chechen army under the command of former Soviet general Dzhokhar Dudayev. He was the senior military figure on the Chechen side during the First Chechen War (1994-1996) and was widely seen as being instrumental to the Chechen victory over the Russian forces. He led the Chechen delegation in peace talks with Russia which led to a truce ending the war. The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... The term Chief of Staff can refer to: The White House Chief of Staff, the highest-ranking member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. ... Dzhokar Dudayev Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudaev (Джоха́р Муса́евич Дуда́ев, 15 February 1944 – 21 April 1996) was a Chechen leader, the first (separatist) president of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, a generally unrecognized breakaway state in the Caucasus. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... == T.R.U.C.E == Teachers Resisting Unhealthy Childrens Entertainment. ...


On October 17, 1996, he was appointed provisional prime minister of Chechnya following the assassination of Dudayev by Russian forces. With backing from Moscow, where he was seen as the least radical candidate, he stood for President in the elections of January 1997, running against Shamil Basayev, a field commander with a popular following. Mashkadov won a large majority and was congratulated by Russian President Boris Yeltsin, who pledged to work towards rebuilding relations with Chechnya (but still refused to recognise its independent status). This was followed by a formal peace treaty signed by Yeltsin and the newly elected Maskhadov in the Kremlin on May 12, 1997. October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Shamil Basayev Shamil Salmanovich Basayev (Russian: Шамиль Салманович Басаев) (born January 14, 1965) is a Chechen warlord, politician, terrorist, and Chechnyas most famed contemporary national hero. ... Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin (Russian: Борис Николаевич Ельцин; (help· info)) (born February 1, 1931) was President of Russia from 1991 to 1999. ... A peace treaty is an agreement (a peace treaty) between two hostile parties, usually countries or governments, that formally ends a war or armed conflict. ... Kremlin (Кремль) is the Russian word for citadel or castle and refers to any major fortified central complex found in historical Russian cities. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ...


Maskhadov's position became increasingly insecure as he gradually lost control of Basayev, who created a network of militias and warlords across the republic. Maskhadov found himself the target of assassination attempts possibly mounted by Basayev and his allies. Chechnya became notorious for kidnappings and terrorism as well as organised crime elsewhere in Russia. Mashkhadov also attempted with only limited success to curb the growth of Wahhabism and other fundamentalist Muslim groups supported by Basayev, producing a split in the Chechen separatist movement between Muslim fundamentalists and secular nationalists. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that Political terrorism be merged into this article or section. ... Wahhabism (Arabic: الوهابية, Wahabism, Wahabbism) is a Sunni fundamentalist Islamic movement, named after Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab (1703–1792). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of Islam. ... The term Islamic fundamentalism is primarily used in the United States, Europe, and Australia to describe Islamist groups. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix Nationalism is an ideology that holds that (ethnically or culturally defined) nations are the fundamental units for human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate...


Second Chechen War

An attack by Basayev's forces on the neighboring Republic of Dagestan in September 1999 proved the final straw for Russia, where opinion saw Maskhadov as either being incompetent and incapable of controlling his country, or else in league with the terrorists. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin sent Russian forces back into Chechnya in October 1999, propelling Putin into the Russian Presidency. The Republic of Dagestan (Russian: ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... (Russian: Влади́мир Влади́мирович Пу́тин, Vladímir Vladímirovich Pútin; born October 7, 1952) is a Russian politician, and the current President of the Russian Federation. ...

Shamil Basayev (left) and Aslan Maskhadov (right), during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan, 2004
Shamil Basayev (left) and Aslan Maskhadov (right), during the holy Muslim month of Ramadan, 2004

After Chechen forces' withdrawal from Grozny Maskhadov returned to life as a guerrilla leader, living in hiding as Russia's second most wanted man after Basayev, with Russia placing a $10 million bounty on his capture. He was seen as the political leader of the separatist forces during the Second Chechen War. It is unclear what kind of a military role he played. Maskhadov advocated armed resistance to what he saw as a Russian occupation but condemned attacks on civilians, although he apparently supported the separatist assassination of pro-Russian Chechen President Akhmad Kadyrov whilst condemning the Russian assassination of Chechen separatist ex-President Yandarbiyev in Qatar in 2004. Image File history File links Pic2. ... Image File history File links Pic2. ... Akhmat Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат Абдулхамидович Кадыров (August 23, 1951 – May 9, 2004) was the president of the Chechen Republic (elected on October 5, 2003). ... Zelimkhan Yanderbiyev or Yandarbiyev (Russian: Зелимхан Абдумуслимович Яндарбиев) (September 12, 1952 – February 13, 2004) was an acting president of the breakaway Republic of Chechnya (1996 – 1997). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He consistently denied being responsible for the increasingly brutal terrorist acts carried out against civilians by Basayev's followers since 1999, and often denounced them through spokesmen abroad, such as Akhmed Zakayev, presently in exile in London. While some Western observers considered these denunciations plausible, Russian officials considered them insincere and have always accused both Basayev and Maskhadov of colluding to perpetrate terrorism. Western leaders have not given much public reaction to his death, in marked contrast to the death of Palestinian President and guerrilla leader Yasser Arafat. Vanessa Redgrave and Akhmed Zakayev Akhmed Zakayev (Ахмед Закаев) is a Chechen envoy, former separatist guerrilla leader and the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Aslan Maskhadov, appointed by President Maskhadov shortly after the 1997 election. ... This article is about the British city. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... Arafat redirects here; for the hill east of Mecca, see Mount Arafat Yasser Arafat (Arabic: ياسر عرفات‎) (August 4 or August 24, 1929 – November 11, 2004), born Mohammed Abdel-Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini (محمد عبد الرؤوف القدوة الحسيني) and also known by the kunya Abu `Ammar (أبو عمّار), was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (1969...


Maskhadov's death

On March 8, 2005, FSB head Nikolay Patrushev announced that special forces attached to the FSB had "today carried out an operation in the settlement of Tolstoy-Yurt, as a result of which the international terrorist and leader of armed groups Maskhadov was killed, and his closest comrades-in-arms detained". The special operations unit had wanted to take Maskhadov alive for interrogation, but apparently killed him accidentally with a grenade thrown into a reinforced bunker where Maskhadov was hiding. Maskhadov had apparently ordered his bodyguards to leave before engaging the Russian special forces on his own. March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции or ФСБ, Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii, FSB) is a state security organisation in Russia, the successor to the KGB by way of the FSK (Federalnaya Sluzhba Kontrrazvedki (Федера́льная Слу́жба Контрразве́дки), Federal Counterintelligence Service). ... Nikolai Platonovich Patrushev (Николай Платонович Патрушев) (born July 11, 1951) is the director of the Russian FSB, the successor organization of the KGB. He became director of the FSB in 1999. ... Grenade may refer to: The well-known hand grenade commonly used by soldiers. ...


A body was shown on Russian television that looked very much like Maskhadov. Akhmed Zakayev, one of his closest allies who acted as his spokesman and foreign minister, told a Russian radio station that it was probable that Maskhadov had indeed been killed. He indicated later that a new Chechen leader could be chosen within days. Vanessa Redgrave and Akhmed Zakayev Akhmed Zakayev (Ахмед Закаев) is a Chechen envoy, former separatist guerrilla leader and the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Aslan Maskhadov, appointed by President Maskhadov shortly after the 1997 election. ...


Although no one knows for sure how Maskhadov was killed, it is reported in the Russian media that Maskhadov's own bodyguards had accidentally killed him in the panic of the fire fight. Another version is that he was killed by forces loyal to Chechnya's Deputy Prime Minister Ramzan Kadyrov - Kadyrov had vowed to avenge the assassination of his father, Akhmad Kadyrov, but was not willing to take credit for it so as to stop the vendetta cycle. Ramsan Kadyrov (born in or around 1977) is a militia leader in Chechnya. ... Akhmat Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат Абдулхамидович Кадыров (August 23, 1951 – May 9, 2004) was the president of the Chechen Republic (elected on October 5, 2003). ...


Four Chechens: Vakhit Murdashev, Viskhan Hadzhimuradov, Skanarbek Yusupov and Ilias Iriskhanov were captured by the special operation. Since October 10, 2005 their case is in the High Court of Chechen republic. According to their evidence [1] Maskhadov was caught during preparation of a peace settlement with Russian Federal authorities but this has been disputed by the latter ones. Maskhadov's willingness to negotiate with hostage-takers during Beslan school hostage crisis has been referred to in independent Russian media as one of the possible reasons for shooting started by Russian security forces on the third day of the crisis [2] [3]. October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aftermath of the gym in School Number One The Beslan school hostage crisis (also referred to as the Beslan school siege) began when armed terrorists took hundreds of school children and adults hostage on September 1, 2004, at School Number One in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia. ...


Shortly following Maskhadov's death, the Chechen rebel council announced that Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev had assumed the leadership, a move that was quickly endorsed by Shamil Basayev. Sheikh Abdul-Halim (Шейх Абдул-Халим) (born 1967) was designated by Aslan Maskhadov to be his successor as president of the self_proclaimed Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. ...


On April 24, 2006, the General Procurator's Office of Russia officially refused to turn the remains of Aslan Maskhadov over to his relatives for burial. The refusal was described as legal: "Maskhadov A.A., in connection with terrorism, was criminally responsible for many separate serious crimes on the territory of the Russian Federation. Taking this into account, it was decided to suppress Maskhadov's activities and Maskhadov was being pursued for our protection". The procuratorship also asserted that "the burial of such persons is carried out in accordance with the rules concerning the burial of those whose death was a result of the suppression of their terrorist actions, affirmed by the government of the Russian Federation on 20 March 2003, in Order No. 164. In this case, the body is not handed over for burial, and the location of the burial is not communicated". April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Preceded by:
Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev
President of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
19972005
Succeeded by:
Sheikh Abdul Halim

αĞ Capital Grozny Area - total - % water Ranked 80th - 15,300 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density Ranked 49th - est. ... The First Chechen War occurred when Russian forces attempted to recapture the breakaway southern republic of Chechnya in a two year period lasting from 1994 to 1996. ... Combatants Russia Chechen separatists Casualties Unknown (minimum 5,000 killed) Unknown (minimum 5,000 killed) Chechnya within Russia Chechnya and Caucasus region The Second Chechen War is part of an ongoing conflict in the Chechen Republic (Chechnya) and Russia. ... Zelimkhan Yanderbiyev or Yandarbiyev (Russian: Зелимхан Абдумуслимович Яндарбиев) (September 12, 1952 – February 13, 2004) was an acting president of the breakaway Republic of Chechnya (1996 – 1997). ... This is a list of Presidents of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, a separatist movement that controlled most of Chechnya from 1991 to 1999 (see First Chechen War, Second Chechen War). ... Official language Chechen Claimed Capital Grozny (Dzhokhar, after 1996) President Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Russia  â€“ November 1, 1991  â€“ none National anthem Death or Freedom The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (Чеченская Республика Ичкерия) is the unrecognized secessionist government of the Chechen Republic. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sheikh Abdul-Halim Abu-Salamovich Sadulayev (Шейх Абдул-Халим) (born 1967) was designated by Aslan Maskhadov to be his successor as president of the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. ...

External links

Biographies:

  • Biography on the site of the ChRI Ministry for Foreign Affairs
  • Biography on the Chechen.org site (in Russian)

Reports on his death:

Interviews: The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) is a radio and communications organization which is funded by the United States Congress. ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... The Cable News Network, usually referred to as CNN, is a cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner[1] [2]. It is a division of the Turner Broadcasting System, owned by Time Warner. ... The current BBC News logo BBC News and Current Affairs (commonly referred to as BBC News, sometimes abbreviated BBC NCA) is a major arm of the BBC responsible for the corporations newsgathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... The Russian NTV channel (НТВ in Cyrillic) was a pioneer in the post-Soviet independent television media. ... Reuters Group plc LSE: RTR NASDAQ: RTRSY is best known as a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Kommersant (Cyrillic: Коммерсантъ) (which literally translates as The Businessman) was a commerce-oriented newspaper published in Russia. ...

Obituaries: Boris Abramovich Berezovsky (Бори́с Абра́мович Березо́вский) (born January 23, 1946) (Note: Boris Berezovsky is now officially known as Platon Elenin by the British Home Office [1]) is a Russian businessman. ...

News: This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication of The Economist Newspaper Ltd edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aslan Maskhadov (1612 words)
Aslan Maskhadov was killed on 8th March 2005 in the village of Doikur-Aul (Tolstoy-Yurt) in the north of the Chechen Republic by members of the Russian special services.
According to one version of this theory, Aslan Maskhadov was killed during negotiations with the Russians on the peaceful normalisation of the armed conflict, started after mediation by different western countries and OSCE.
According to theory 3, Aslan Maskhadov was killed on 6th March in the Nozhai-Yurt area of Chechnya by members of security service of the President of the Chechen Republic.
Aslan Maskhadov - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1386 words)
Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Аслан Алиевич Масхадов) (September 21, 1951 – March 8, 2005) was a leader of the separatist movement in the southern Russian republic of Chechnya.
Maskhadov became President of the nation in January of 1997 with heavy backup from Moscow.
In 1951, Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov was born in the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, in the small village of Shakai.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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