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Encyclopedia > Asian people

Asian people[1] is a demonym for people from Asia. However, the use of the term varies by country and person, often referring to people from a particular region or subregion of Asia.[2][3] Though it may be based on residence, it is also a "race"[4] or an "ethnic group".[5] A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Look up Region in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ...


Synonyms include Asiatic[6], or Asian Continental Ancestry Group.[6]

Contents

Korea and Japan

As early as 1920, Japanese and Korean elites had a conception of Asia as the civilization of the East in contrast to Europe.[7] The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures, social structures and philosophical systems of the East, namely Asia (including China, India, Japan, and surrounding regions). ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...


Malaysia and Singapore

In Malaysia and Singapore, their three largest ethnic groups, Malays, Chinese, and Indians, are all considered Asian.[8][9] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Definitions in anglophone countries

In the United States, Canada and Australia, Asian refers most commonly to people of predominantly Northeast Asian or Southeast Asian ancestry; however in the United Kingdom and Anglophone Africa, Asian refers most commonly to South Asians.[10][11] The U.S. courts have grouped Indians as Asians since 1921 and the U.S. census followed suit in the 1980s,[12] but this is not reflected in common usage.[citation needed]. East Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Look up Anglophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ...


In the US, Middle Eastern and Central Asian people are usually not considered as Asian people,[13] though the term Asian originally referred to the ancient Near East. This term's modern application varies by region, but people described as Asian generally inhabit or have origins in the countries listed below (not including those of Southwest or Central Asia). A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Overview map of the Ancient Near East The term Ancient Near East or Ancient Orient encompasses the early civilizations predating Classical Antiquity in the region roughly corresponding to that described by the modern term Middle East (Egypt, Iraq, Turkey), during the time roughly spanning the Bronze Age from the rise... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ...


According to the definition that includes East Asia at 23.7%, the Indian Subcontinent at 22.5% and Southeast Asia at 8%, a total of 54.2% of the world's population would be included in this category.[14] The region to which the term applies includes the two most populated states in the world; the People's Republic of China[15] and the Republic of India.[16] The term Asian also includes the largest single ethnic group in the world, the Han Chinese.[17] Geographic East Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ...


Definitions by country

United States

Main article: Asian American

For purposes of the U.S. Census, the term "Asian" is a race defined as "people who have origins in the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia or the Indian Subcontinent. [4] Respondents can also report more specific ancestry, such as Chinese, Taiwanese, Filipino, Korean, Japanese, Malaysian, Indonesian, Vietnamese, Pakistani, Laotian, Thai, Asian-Indian, Cambodian, and so on, including "Other Asian". Someone reporting these ancestries but no race will be classified as "Asian". Central Asian Americans were classified as "Asiatic" on the 1910 US Census which legally hindered their immigration along with other Asians. Central Asian Turkish Americans were the targets of anti-Asian hysteria during the "yellow race crisis".[18] An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... East Asian Americans were the first Asian immigrant group to the United States of America. ... An Asian American is generally defined as a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... It has been suggested that Indian American be merged into this article or section. ... A Taiwanese American is an American of Taiwanese ancestry. ... A Laotian American is a resident of the United States who is of ethnic Laotian descent and also one group of Asian Americans. ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ... Turkish-Americans are citizens of the United States who are of Turkish ancestry. ...

Image File history File links RegionsofAsia-Census. ...

Asian American Ancestries as defined by the 2000 census

United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind 261 U.S. 204 (1923)[19] was a case in which the United States Supreme Court decided that Bhagat Singh Thind, a native of India, could not be a naturalized citizen of the United States, despite the fact that a number of anthropologists had defined members of the Indian subcontinent as being members of the Caucasian race. The ruling followed a decision in Takao Ozawa v. United States where the same court had ruled that a light-skinned native of Japan could not count as "white", because "White" meant "Caucasian",[20] establishing White and Caucasian to be interchangeable terms for a single people of whom neither Japanese Americans nor Indian Americans are included.[21] East Asian Americans were the first Asian immigrant group to the United States of America. ... A Chinese American is an American who is of ethnic Chinese descent. ... A Korean American is a person of Korean ancestry who was either born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... Mongolian American is a ethnic group that is in America from the Mongolian ethnicity. ... A Taiwanese American is an American of Taiwanese ancestry. ... It has been suggested that Indian American be merged into this article or section. ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ... Bangladeshi Americans are individuals of Bengali or South Asian descent who reside in America. ... Newah American refers to Newar people who are residents of United States of America. ... Sri Lankan Americans are Americans of Sri Lankan descent. ... Pakistani Americans refers to someone born in the United States of Pakistani descent or to someone who has immigrated to the United States from Pakistan. ... Anthem Druk tsendhen Capital Thimphu Official languages Dzongkha, English Government Constitutional monarchy  -  king Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck  -  Prime Minster Khandu Wangchuk Formation Early 17th century   -  Wangchuk Dynasty December 17, 1907  Area  -  Total 13 1/2 Yd. ... An Asian American is generally defined as a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... A Vietnamese American is a resident of the United States who is of ethnic Vietnamese descent. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Laotian American is a resident of the United States who is of ethnic Laotian descent and also one group of Asian Americans. ... A Thai American is an American of Thai descent. ... A Cambodian-American is an American who is of ethnic Cambodian descent. ... Malaysian Americans are United States citizens with original origins in the peoples of Malaysia. ... Motto Always in service with Gods guidance(translation) Anthem Allah Peliharakan Sultan God Bless the Sultan Capital (and largest city) Bandar Seri Begawan Official languages Malay (national), English Government  -  Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Independence  -  End of British protectorate January 1, 1984  Area  -  Total 5,765 km² (170th) 2,226 sq... Motto (Malay) Onward, Singapore Anthem Majulah Singapura Capital (and largest city) Singapore City1 Official languages English  Mandarin Chinese  Tamil  Malay  Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Sellapan Ramanathan  -  Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong Independence  -  Self-government June 3, 1959 [1]   -  UDI August 31, 1963   -  Merger with Malaysia September 16, 1963   -  August 9... Indonesian Americans are Americans of Indonesian descent. ... In 1998, Benjamin J. Cayetano became the first Filipino American (and second Asian American after Governor George R. Ariyoshi) to be elected state Governor of the United States. ... Holding Court membership Chief Justice: William Howard Taft Associate Justices: Joseph McKenna, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. ... // The United States Reports, the official reporter of the Supreme Court of the United States Case citation is the system used in common law countries such as the United States, England and Wales, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Hong Kong, Australia and India to uniquely identify the location of past court... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... Bhagat Singh Thind, Ph. ... In law, naturalization refers to an act whereby a person acquires a citizenship different from that persons citizenship at birth. ... The word citizen may refer to: A person with a citizenship Citizen Watch Co. ... Anthropology (from Greek: ἀνθρωπος, anthropos, human being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the comparative study of the physical and social characteristics of humanity through the examination of historical and present geographical distribution, cultural history, acculturation, and cultural relationships. ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... The 4th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon (1885-1890) shows the Caucasian race (in blue) as comprising Aryans, Semites and Hamites. Aryans are further sub-divided into European Aryans and Indo-Aryans (the latter corresponding to the group now designated Indo-Iranians). ... Takao Ozawa v. ... The term White American officially refers to people of European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent residing in the United States. ... Caucasian-American (also known as White-American) is a term that is used to describe Americans that are of the Caucasian race, who have origins in the original people of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. ... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ...


According to a social scientist Rosanne Skirble, the term Caucasian is becoming less frequently used in favor of White American or European American.[22] Although the restrictions on immigration and naturalization of East and South Asians were later repealed, the practice of classifying East and South Asians in an "Asian" category has its roots in this period. West Asian Americans were classified as White since they never constituted a large immigrant group that had significant physical difference from European Americans.[23] Caucasian-American (also known as White-American) is a term that is used to describe Americans that are of the Caucasian race, who have origins in the original people of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. ... The term White American officially refers to people of European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent residing in the United States. ... European American is a term for an American of European descent, who are usually referred as White or Caucasian. ... European American is a term for an American of European descent, who are usually referred as White or Caucasian. ...


According to Sharon M. Lee in her 1998 publication, for many non-Asian Americans in the United States (in 1998) Asian American means Oriental, Chinese American or Japanese American. This is due to the Chinese and Japanese immigrants being the first immigrants into the United States.[13] Today, with the increasing demographic of Korean Americans, South Asian Americans and Southeast Asian Americans the definition among United States citizens of who is Asian American is expanding,[24] but in common usage Asian has only additionally included Filipino Americans, Vietnamese Americans, and Korean Americans.[25] The term the Orient - literally meaning sunrise, east - is traditionally used to refer to Near, Middle, and Far Eastern countries. ... A Chinese American is an American who is of ethnic Chinese descent. ... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... A Korean American is a person of Korean ancestry who was either born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... It has been suggested that Indian American be merged into this article or section. ... An Asian American is generally defined as a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... In 1998, Benjamin J. Cayetano became the first Filipino American (and second Asian American after Governor George R. Ariyoshi) to be elected state Governor of the United States. ... A Vietnamese American is a resident of the United States who is of ethnic Vietnamese descent. ... A Korean American is a person of Korean ancestry who was either born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ...


United Kingdom

Main article: British Asian

In the United Kingdom, the term "Asian", though it can refer to the continent of Asia as a whole,[26] is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans.[27] The UK usage of the term "Asian" is reflected in the "ethnic group" section of UK census forms, which treat "Asian" and "Chinese" as separate (see British Asian).[5] Most respondents to the UK 2001 Census of non-Chinese East Asian and Southeast Asian descent chose to write-in their ethnicity in the "Other Ethnic Group" category rather than the "Other Asian" category, reflecting the association of the word Asian in the UK with South Asian.[28] The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ... The term British Asian is used to denote a person of Southern Asian ancestry or origin, or sometimes Western Asian origin, who was born in or was an immigrant to the United Kingdom. ...


The United Kingdom, Anglophone Africa and Anglophone Caribbean are places in the Western world where the word "Asian" is used primarily to identify people from the Indian subcontinent. Due to the term's contested definition in British English, the use of the term "South Asian" is used for clarity in discussions in the United Kingdom on colonialism, discrimination, and migration[29] or when the content of its parameters may become mistakenly conflated with those of East Asian descent. [30] Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ...


Canada

Main article: Asian Canadian

In Canada, Asian refers to people from the Far East, Southeast Asia,[31] South Asia,[32] and West Asia[33]. Like the United States, in Canada the term Asian generally refers to the East Asian Canadians since they were the first Asian immigrant groups into Canada.[34] An Asian Canadian is a Canadian of Asian ancestry. ...

Geographic East Asia. ... Sydneys Chinatown A Chinese Australian is an Australian of Chinese heritage. ... A Korean-Australian is a person of Korean descent living in Australia. ... A Korean-Australian is a person of Korean descent living in Australia. ... Japanese Australians are people of Japanese ancestry who are resident in Australia, either through birth or immigration. ... Anthem Bügd Nairamdakh Mongol United Mongolia Capital (and largest city) Ulaanbaatar Official languages Mongolian Government Parliamentary democracy  -  President Nambaryn Enkhbayar  -  Prime minister Miyeegombyn Enkhbold Formation  -  National Foundation Day 1206   -  Independence from Qing Dynasty December 29, 1911   -  Mongolian Peoples Republic November 24, 1924   -  Democratic Mongolia February 12, 1992  Area... This article is about the history, geography, and people of the island known as Taiwan. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Motto None Anthem Amar Shonar Bangla My Golden Bengal Capital (and largest city) Dhaka Official languages Bengali (Bangla) Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Iajuddin Ahmed  -  Prime Minister vacant  -  Chief Adviser (Interim Caretaker Government) Fakhruddin Ahmed Independence from Pakistan   -  Declared March 26, 1971   -  Victory Day December 16 1971  Area  -  Total 144,000... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Sri Lankan Australian refers to people of Sri Lankan heritage living in Australia. ... Pakistani Australians refers to someone born in Australia of Pakistani descent or to someone who has immigrated to Australia from Pakistan. ... Anthem Druk tsendhen Capital Thimphu Official languages Dzongkha, English Government Constitutional monarchy  -  king Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck  -  Prime Minster Khandu Wangchuk Formation Early 17th century   -  Wangchuk Dynasty December 17, 1907  Area  -  Total 13 1/2 Yd. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Vietnamese Australian refers to citizens or residents of Australia who are ethnically Vietnamese. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw1 Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman, SPDC Sr. ... Motto ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ Peace, Independence, Democracy, Unity and Prosperity Anthem Pheng Xat Lao Capital (and largest city) Vientiane Official languages Lao Government Socialist Republic  -  President Lt. ... A Thai Australian is an Australians of Thai descent. ... Motto Nation, Religion, King Anthem Nokoreach Capital (and largest city) Phnom Penh Official languages Khmer Government Democratic constitutional monarchy  -  King Norodom Sihamoni  -  Prime Minister Hun Sen Independence from France   -  Declared 1949   -  Recognized 1953  Area  -  Total 181,035 km² (89th) 69,898 sq mi   -  Water (%) 2. ... Motto Anthem Negaraku Capital Kuala Lumpur3 Largest city Kuala Lumpur Official languages Malay2 Government Federal constitutional monarchy  -  Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin  -  Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi Independence  -  from the United Kingdom (Malaya only) August 31, 1957   -  Federation (with Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore4) September 16, 1963  Area  -  Total... Motto Always in service with Gods guidance(translation) Anthem Allah Peliharakan Sultan God Bless the Sultan Capital (and largest city) Bandar Seri Begawan Official languages Malay (national), English Government  -  Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Independence  -  End of British protectorate January 1, 1984  Area  -  Total 5,765 km² (170th) 2,226 sq... Motto (Malay) Onward, Singapore Anthem Majulah Singapura Capital (and largest city) Singapore City1 Official languages English  Mandarin Chinese  Tamil  Malay  Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Sellapan Ramanathan  -  Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong Independence  -  Self-government June 3, 1959 [1]   -  UDI August 31, 1963   -  Merger with Malaysia September 16, 1963   -  August 9... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Anthem My Kazakhstan Capital Astana Largest city Almaty Official languages Kazakh (state language), Russian Government Republic  -  President Nursultan Nazarbayev  -  Prime Minister Karim Masimov Independence from the Soviet Union   -  1st Khanate 1361 as White Horde   -  2nd Khanate 1428 as Uzbek Horde   -  3rd Khanate 1465 as Kazakh Khanate   -  Declared December 16, 1991... Anthem SurÅ«d-i MillÄ« Capital (and largest city) Kabul Official languages Pashto, Persian (DarÄ«)1 Government Islamic Republic  -  President Hamid Karzai  -  Vice President Ahmad Zia Massoud  -  Vice President Karim Khalili Independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland   -  Declared August 8, 1919   -  Recognized August 19 1919  Area... Anthem Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem Capital (and largest city) Ashgabat Official languages Turkmen Recognised regional languages Russian, Uzbek Demonym Turkmen Government Presidential Republic  -  President Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow Independence from the Soviet Union   -  Declared 1991-10-27   -  Recognized 1991-12-08  Area  -  Total 488,100 km² (52nd) 188,456 sq mi... Motto none Anthem National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan Capital (and largest city) Tashkent Official languages Uzbek Government Republic  -  President Islom Karimov  -  Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev Independence from the Soviet Union   -  Formation 17471   -  Declared September 1, 1991   -  Recognized December 8, 1991   -  Completed December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 447,400... Motto none Anthem National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic Capital (and largest city) Bishkek Official languages Kyrgyz, Russian Government Republic  -  President Kurmanbek Bakiyev  -  Prime Minister Almazbek Atambayev Independence from the Soviet Union   -  Declared 31 August 1991   -  Completed 25 December 1991  Area  -  Total 199,900 km² (86th) 77,181 sq mi... Motto none Anthem Surudi Milli Capital (and largest city) Dushanbe Official languages Persian (Tajik) Government Unitary state  -  President Emomali Rahmon  -  Prime Minister Oqil Oqilov Independence  -  Declared September 9, 1991   -  Completed December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 143,100 km² (95th) 55,251 sq mi   -  Water (%) 0. ...

Australia

Main article: Asian Australian

Notably, the Australian Census includes Central Asia, a region that is often considered to be part of the Greater Middle East.[35] The Australian Census includes four regions of Asia in its official definition. Defined by the 2006-2011 Australian Census, three broad groups have the word Asian included in their name: Central and Southern Asian, South-East Asian and North-East Asian. Russians are classified as Southern and Eastern Europeans while Middle Easterners are classified as North African and Middle Easterners.[36] An Asian Australian can be generally defined as a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to Australia. ... The logo of the 2006 Australian Census The Australian census is administered by the Australian Bureau of Statistics every five years. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The traditional Middle East and the G8s Greater Middle East. ... The Australian census is run by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Geographic East Asia. ...


Anglophone Africa and Caribbean

Further information: Asians in South Africa and Indo-Caribbean

In parts of anglophone Africa, especially East Africa and South Africa, and in parts of the Anglophone Caribbean, the term "Asian", though it can refer to the continent of Asia as a whole,[37] is more commonly associated with people of South Asian origin, particularly Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans.[38] This does not cite its references or sources. ... An Indo-Caribbean is a person of South Asian origin who lives in the Caribbean, or the descendant of such a person. ... Look up Anglophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... The term Anglophone Caribbean is used to refer to the independent English-speaking countries of the Caribbean region. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ...


The United Kingdom, Anglophone Africa,[39] and Anglophone Caribbean are places in the Western world where the word "Asian" is used primarily to identify people from the Indian subcontinent, although in South Africa, Asian can refer to East Asians as well.[40] Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ...


New Zealand

New Zealand's census called Statistics New Zealand defines the Asian to include people of Chinese, Indian, Korean, Filipino, Japanese, Sri Lankan, Cambodian and Thai ancestries.[41] Statistics New Zealand (Te Tari Tatau) is a New Zealand government department, and the source of the countrys official statistics. ...


Norway

Statistics Norway considers people of Asian background to be people from all Asian countries, including Turkey.[42][43] Statistics Norway (Statistisk sentralbyrå or SSB) is the Norwegian statistics bureau. ...


Definition by individuals

Paul Thomas Welty

Paul Thomas Welty in his book The Asians Their Evolving Heritage claims that Asians refer exclusively to people of the "South Asian Subcontinent", "Southeast Asia" and "East Asia", (Welty, pp. 21).[44] The staple food of Asians is rice or wheat (Welty, pp.30).[44], but other common foods include barley, millet, corn, sorghum and sweet potatoes.[44] Asian culture was predominately influenced by the great civilizations of India and China and the influence of Islam, (Welty, pp.54).[44] Asians frequently live in the "big family system" often incorporating three generations under one roof, (Welty, pp.55).[44] Asians have long valued education and literacy and have lived in societies led by a scholar class, (Welty, pp. 365). [44]


South Asians share a lot in common, (Welty, pp. 61).[44] South Asians are a very religious people who share the commonality of having been under British rule, (Welty, pp. 61).[44] Due to their location between the Middle East, Europe and other parts of Asia, they have come into contact with various other cultues, making their culture an amalgam of different cultures, (Welty, pp. 61).[44]


East Asians share some characteristics in common, (Welty, pp. 153).[44] East Asians are connected by the commonality of Chinese cultural influence as well Indian philosophy, (Welty, pp. 158).[44] East Asians are also mostly farmers except for modernized Japan, (Welty, pp. 158).[44]


Southeast Asians share characteristics in common, (Welty, pp. 323).[44] Southeast Asians are influenced by Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Confucism, (Welty, pp. 326).[44] Southeast Asians share the family system, poverty, and respect for teachers and learning, (Welty, pp. 327).[44] Due to their many islands and coastal territory, Southeast Asians have been influenced by Indian, Japanese, Chinese and recently US cultural influences, (Welty, pp. 329).[44].


Sudha Ramachandran

Sudha Ramachandran, writer for the Asia Times, claims that China and India vie for the status of Asia's "mother civilization"[45], but Indrani Bagchi who is also a Times Asia writer claims that India is the heart of Asian civilization because it is the origin of Buddhism.[45]


Keith Lowe

Dr. Keith Lowe, race-relations expert for the Canadian government,[46] claims that Asian people refer to Central, South, Southeast, and East Asians.[47]


Orientals and the Orient

The term "Oriental" (from the Latin word for "Eastern")[48] was originally used in Europe in reference to the Near East. It was later extended to the rest of Asia, but came to refer to Northeast Asians and Southeast Asians in the 19th and 20th century US,[49] where most Asians were Chinese (and later Japanese and Filipino). By the late 20th century, the term had gathered associations in North America with older attitudes now seen as outmoded, and was replaced with the term "Asian" as part of the updating of language concerning social identities,[50] which critics have derided as political correctness.[51] The term the Orient - literally meaning sunrise, east - is traditionally used to refer to Near, Middle, and Far Eastern countries. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists, geographers and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing Anatolia (the Asian portion of modern Turkey), the Levant (modern Israel/Palestine, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Georgia, Armenia, and... Social Identity Theory is a theory formed by Henri Tajfel and John Turner to understand the psychological basis of intergroup discrimination. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ...


Marginal Inclusion

West Asians

Image File history File links BBC_News_World_Divisions_map_3. ...

BBC News regional classifications [49]

The name Asia is probably derived from ancient Assyrian.[52] It therefore originally referred to the regions now called "West Asia" and "Central Asia", the Sinai Peninsula to Persia and Asia Minor to Arabia. To the ancient Greeks, Asia usually referred to the Persian Empire, while to the Romans, Asia was a small region or, later, province at the Western end of Anatolia (now Turkey). World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World consisting of the continents of North America[1], Central America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... A political map showing national divisions in relation to deonte Shepard Club Of America Free burgers for new members the ecological break (Sub-Saharan Africa in green) A geographical map of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to... World map showing the location of Europe. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... →this is tuff i mean kyle carters tuff Tuamotu, French Polynesia The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number has not been precisely determined. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... The term Assyrian language can mean one of: Assyrian Neo-Aramaic: a language spoken in Israel, Syria, and Mesopotamia from perhaps 700 BC until now. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 For other uses of the word Sinai, please see: Sinai (disambiguation). ... Motto Esteqlāl, āzādÄ«, jomhÅ«rÄ«-ye eslāmÄ« 1(Persian) Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic (introduced 1979) Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān 2 Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Establishment  -  Proto-Elamite Period 3200-2700 BCE... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. ... Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... Roman conquest of Asia minor The Roman province of Asia was the administrative unit added to the late Republic, a Senatorial province governed by a proconsul who was an ex-consul, an honor granted only to Asia and the other rich province of Africa. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ...


Clovis Maksound, Director for the Organization of Global South, argues that the term "Middle East" is a Eurocentric term denoting the region between Europe and East Asia, because it denies the Middle East's connection with Muslim North Africa.[53] In English parlance, Western Asians like Turks, Iranians, Cypriots, and Arabs,[54] and the Central Asians of the former Soviet Republics are not referred to as "Asian" by United States government agencies. The Canadian government uses "West Asian" in its statistics; however people from the Arab countries are counted in a separate "Arab" category. [55] [56] Eurocentrism is the practice, conscious or otherwise, of placing emphasis on European (and, generally, Western) concerns, culture and values at the expense of those of other cultures. ... A map showing Southwest Asia - The term Middle East is more often used to refer to both Southwest Asia and some North African countries Southwest Asia, or West Asia, is the southwestern part of Asia. ...


Russians

Most of Russia's huge territory is in Asia, though the majority of its population is in Europe and ethnically Slavic. Depending on context, Russian people may be considered European or mixed according to their individual ethnic nationality, ancestry, or appearance[citation needed]. The word Eurasian is also often used to describe Russia's position in the world. See also transcontinental nation[57]. Russians are generally not included in the term "Asian".[58] World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Eurasian, also Euroasian or Euro-Asian can mean: Eurasian may be used as a slang term to refer to people of Asian decent, living in European countries who have no other traits of being Asian other then the fact that they look it. ... A transcontinental country is a country belonging to more than one continent. ...


Pacific Islanders

In normal usage Asian does not refer to the people from the Pacific Islands who are usually called Pacific Islanders.[59] The term "Asians and Pacific Islanders" or "Asia/Pacific" was used on the 1990 US Census.[60] As late as 2001, they were consided by most Americans to be the same racial group as Asians due to a perception of their implicit contrast to "whiteness".[61] However, in the 2000 US Census, many Pacific Islanders did not consider themselves the same social identity as Asians, and classified themselves separately. →this is tuff i mean kyle carters tuff Tuamotu, French Polynesia The Pacific Ocean contains an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number has not been precisely determined. ... A Pacific Islander or Pacific Person (plural: Pacific People) is a term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe people of a certain heritage In New Zealand, it is applied to a person who has emigrated from one of the smaller islands of... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Social Identity Theory is a theory formed by Henri Tajfel and John Turner to understand the psychological basis of intergroup discrimination. ...


References

  1. ^ "Asian". Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary.
  2. ^ Aspinall, Peter J. Oxford Journals. Journal of Public Health. 2003. October 26, 2006. [1]
  3. ^ Lee, Sandra S. Mountain, Joanna. Barbara, Koening A. The Meanings of Race in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research. Yale University. 2001. October 26, 2006. [2]
  4. ^ a b Barnes, Jessica S. and Bennett, Claudett E. The Asian Population:2000. 2002. September 1, 2006. [3]
  5. ^ a b National Statistics. Ethnicity. 2005. August 27, 2006. [4]
  6. ^ a b United States National Library of Medicine. Medical Subject Headings. 2004. November 17, 2006.[5]
  7. ^ Menon, Sridevi. Duke University. "Where is West Asia in Asian America?Asia and the Politics of Space in Asian America." 2004. April 26, 2007. http://socialtext.dukejournals.org/cgi/reprint/24/1_86/55.pdf
  8. ^ 44th IFLA 2007 World Congress - Malaysia -Truly Asia
  9. ^ The paradox of low body mass index and high body fat percentage among Chinese, Malays and Indians in Singapore
  10. ^ Color Q World. Clarifying the Definition of Asian. 2005. October 1, 2006. [6]
  11. ^ The New Oxford Dictionary of English. 2001. New York: Oxford University Press.
  12. ^ Racial classification of Indian Americans
  13. ^ a b Lee, Sharon M. Population Reference Bureau. Asian Americans Diverse and Growing. 2006. September 10, 2006. [7]
  14. ^ Brick, Gabrielle. News Voice of America. Asia - Home to Half the World Population - Is Graying. 2006. September 30, 2006. [8]
  15. ^ CIA World Factbook. China. 2006. September 29, 2006. [9]
  16. ^ CIA World Factbook. India. 2006. September 29, 2006. [10]
  17. ^ Genealogy Blog. 1.16 Billion Han Chinese Make up the World's Largest Ethnic Group. 2004. September 9, 2006. [11]
  18. ^ Arab American Institute. Not Quite White:Race Classification and the Arab American Experience. 1997. September 29, 2006. [12]
  19. ^ PBS United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind 261 U.S. 204 (1923). 2000. September 1, 2006. [13]
  20. ^ Find Law for Legal Professionals. Takao Ozawa v. the United States. 2006. September 1, 2006. TAKAO OZAWA
  21. ^ Assissi, Frank. Desparades. Are Desis White? 2006. [14]
  22. ^ Skirble, Rosanne. New Voice of America. 2001. September 4, 2006. [15]
  23. ^ Arab American Institute. Not Quite White:Race Classification and the Arab American Experience. 1997. September 29, 2006. [16]
  24. ^ Lee, Sharon M. Population Reference Bureau. Asian Americans Diverse and Growing. 2006. September 10, 2006. [17]
  25. ^ Katsiavriades, Kryss. Qureshi, Talaat. English Usage in the UK and USA. 1997. October 26, 2006. [18]
  26. ^ Color Q World. Clarifying the Definition of Asian. 2005. October 1, 2006. [19]
  27. ^ British Sociological Association. Equality and Diversity. Language and the BSA:Ethnicity & Race. 2005. October 26. [20]
  28. ^ Gardener, David. Who are the Other Ethnic Groups. 2005. October 27, 2006. [21]
  29. ^ Aspinall, Peter J. Oxford Journals. Journal of Public Health. 2003. October 26, 2006. [22]
  30. ^ British Sociological Association. Equality and Diversity. Language and the BSA:Ethnicity & Race. 2005. October 26. [23]
  31. ^ Asian Canadian. 2000. September 29, 2006. [24]
  32. ^ South Asian Observor. Asians take Longest Route to Enter Spain Illegally. 2006. September 29, 2006[25]
  33. ^ '2001 Census Visible Minority and Population Group User Guide' http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/Products/Reference/tech_rep/vismin.cfm
  34. ^ Aspinall, Peter J. Oxford Journals. Journal of Public Health. 2003. October 26, 2006. [26]
  35. ^ World Atlas.com The Middle East. September 30, 2006. [27]
  36. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Standard Classification of Cultural and Ethnic Groups Second Edition. 2005. August 20, 2006. [28]
  37. ^ Color Q World. Clarifying the Definition of Asian. 2005. October 1, 2006. [29]
  38. ^ British Sociological Association. Equality and Diversity. Language and the BSA:Ethnicity & Race. 2005. October 26. [30]
  39. ^ Sinha, Gayatri. Diatribe or art? The Hindu. 2002. September 29, 2006. [31]
  40. ^ University of Maryland. Assessment for Asians in South Africa. 2003. September 29, 2006. [32]
  41. ^ Statistics New Zealand. Asian people. 2006. December 4, 2006.[33]
  42. ^ http://www.ssb.no/vis/english/subjects/02/02/20/innvutv_en/main.html
  43. ^ http://www.ssb.no/vis/samfunnsspeilet/utg/200604/10/art-2006-10-10-01.html
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Welty, Paul Thomas. The Asians Their Evolving Heritage Sixth Edition. New York:Harper & Row Publishers, 1984. ISBN 0-06-047001-1
  45. ^ a b Ramachandran, Sudha. Asia Times. "India has its own soft power: Buddhism." 2007. July 9, 2007. [34]
  46. ^ Ontario Multicultural Association. "Speaker Biography: Dr. Keith Lowe." 2007. July 29, 2007.[35]
  47. ^ Asian Heritage Month. "Credits." 2007. July 29, 2007. [36]
  48. ^ Cawley, Kevin. University of Notre Dame. Oriental. 2004. September 29, 2006. [37]
  49. ^ Hu, Alan. Model Minority. On Asian and Oriental. 1993. September 29, 2006. [38]
  50. ^ Bartleby.com The American Heritage® Book of English Usage. 2005. September 1, 2006. [39]
  51. ^ Friedman. Haladina. The Politically Correct Handbook. 1992. September 1, 2006. [40]
  52. ^ Think Baby Names. Origin and Meaning of the name Asia. 2006. September 9, 2006. [41]
  53. ^ Katz, Elizabeth. Virginia Law. Democracy in the Middle East. 2006. September 9, 2006. [42]
  54. ^ Lee, Sharon M. Population Reference Bureau. Asian Americans Diverse and Growing. 2006. September 10, 2006. [43]
  55. ^ http://www.statcan.ca/english/research/89-621-XIE/89-621-XIE2007003.pdf
  56. ^ http://www.google.com/search?q=west+asian+site%3Astatcan.ca
  57. ^ Russia in Global Affairs. Russia as a European Nation and Its Eurasian Mission. 2005. September 30, 2006 [44]
  58. ^ American Heritage Book of English Usage. Asian. 1996. September 29, 2006. [45]
  59. ^ American Heritage Book of English Usage. Asian. 1996. September 29, 2006. [46]
  60. ^ Census '90. Asian and Pacific Islanders in the United States. 1990. September 1, 2006. [47]
  61. ^ Lee, Sandra S. Mountain, Joanna. Barbara, Koening A. The Meanings of Race in the New Genomics: Implications for Health Disparities Research. Yale University. 2001. October 26, 2006. [48]

Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is the most successful dictionary of the English language, (not to be confused with the one-volume Oxford Dictionary of English, formerly New Oxford Dictionary of English, of... In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, due to the originally negligible population of Asian-Indian Americans, the U.S. government did not officially classify Indians as being of any particular race. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

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