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Encyclopedia > Asian hip hop

Asian Hip Hop is a heterogeneous musical genre that covers all hip hop music as recorded and produced by artists of Asian origin. Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Overview

By region

Eastern Asia

China

Main article: Chinese hip hop

Chinese hip hop is a relatively new phenomenon in China and first made it to Taiwan where artists such as MC HotDog were first rapping but then made it to Hong Kong with the success of LMF. In mainland China hip hop scene had just been formed with artists such as Hei Bomb (黑棒), Dragon Tongue(龙门阵)and Yin Tsang(隐藏) are leading the genre and gaining popularity with the youths. Other groups include LMF and Dai Bing. The Chinese term for rap is shuōchàng (Simplified Chinese: 说唱; "narrative", actually the name of a traditional genre of narrative singing). Breakdancing (called "jiēwŭ" (Simplified Chinese: 街舞) in Chinese) has gained a lot of popularity among young Chinese as well. Chinese hip hop is a relatively new phenomenon in China and first made it to Taiwan where artists such as MC HotDog were first rapping but then made it to Hong Kong with the success of LMF. In mainland China hip hop scene had just been formed with artists such... MC HotDog (born Chung-Jen Yao, Chinese: , Taiwanese: , Pinyin: , November 27, 1978, Taipei) is a Taiwanese rap artist known for his use of explicit lyrics in his songs. ... Lazy Mutha Fucka is a Hip-hop/indie band in Hong Kong, also known as LMF. The band was founded in 1993. ... ... Lazy Mutha Fucka is a Hip-hop/indie band in Hong Kong, also known as LMF. The band was founded in 1993. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A breakdancer performing a one-handed freeze (also known as a pike) in the streets of Paris. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Hong Kong
Main article: Hong Kong hip hop

The Hong Kong hip hop scene first began in 1995 with the formation of LMF which was the first rap/rock group signed by a major record label, Warner Music. The group consisted of ten core members, many of which were also in the bands NT, Screw, and Anodize. Despite of the popularity of the now disbanded LMF, which gained mild success in the mainstream, hip hop music continues to remain underground, led by independent artists. The Hong Kong hip hop scene first began in 1995 with the formation of LMF which was the first rap/rock group signed by a major record label, Warner Music. ... Lazy Mutha Fucka is a Hip-hop/indie band in Hong Kong, also known as LMF. The band was founded in 1993. ... Warner Music Group is one of the Big Four record labels. ... Lazy Mutha Fucka is a Hip-hop/indie band in Hong Kong, also known as LMF. The band was founded in 1993. ...


Nevertheless, the presence of hip hop music in Hong Kong in the shadows of Cantopop is strongly reflected by the collaborations between rappers such as MC Yan (from the now disbanded LMF) with pop artists such as Edison Chen. While some musicians try to introduce hip hop to the general audience, the life of the scene remains in the underground. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Cantopop (Chinese: 粵語流行曲) is a colloquial abbreviation for Cantonese popular music. It is also referred to as HK-pop, short for Hong Kong popular music. It is categorized as a subgenre of Chinese popular music within C-pop. ... Lazy Mutha Fucka is a Hip-hop/indie band in Hong Kong, also known as LMF. The band was founded in 1993. ... Edison Chen Kwoon-Hei (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born October 7, 1980) is a Hong Kong movie actor, singer, idol, founder of CLOT Inc. ...


Japan

Main article: Japanese hip hop
Wild Style was very influential in bringing hip hop culture to Japan

Japanese hip hop (nip hop or j-hip hop) is said to have begun in 1983 when Charlie Angel's Wild Style was shown in Tokyo. The movie focused on graffiti artists but also featured some early old school MCs like Busy Bee and Double Trouble, DJs like Grandmaster Flash and breakdancers like the Rock Steady Crew. Following the showing, street musicians began to breakdance in Yoyogi Park. Crazy A soon emerged as a prominent b-boy, and he eventually founded the Rock Steady Crew Japan, while DJ Krush has become a world-renowned DJ after arising from the Yoyogi Park scene. More DJs followed, beginning in 1985. A year later, an all hip hop club opened in Shibuya. There was some hesitation at the time that the Japanese language, due to the lack of stress accents and highly variable verb endings, might prove unsuited for rapping. A few rappers emerged, however, including KG kun, Ito Seiko, Chikado Haruo, Tinnie Punx and Takagi Kan. Japanese hip hop (nip hop or j-hip hop) is said to have begun in 1983 when Charlie Ahearns Wild Style was shown in Tokyo. ... Image File history File links Wild_style. ... Image File history File links Wild_style. ... For other uses, see Wild Style (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wild Style (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Double Trouble could reference many things: // Films Double Trouble, a 1967 Elvis Presley film. ... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... The Rock Steady Crew circa 1981. ... A breakdancer performing a one-handed freeze (also known as a pike) in the streets of Paris. ...


In the 1990s, teen-oriented J rap music appeared, and hip hop entered the Japanese mainstream. The first hit was Scha Dara Parr's "Kon'ya wa Boogie Back". The following year saw "Da.Yo.Ne." and "Maicca" by East End X Yuri go platinum. Lately hip-hop in Japan has split into two forms: normal, "hardcore" Japanese hip-hop, and the somewhat "weaker", more R&B influenced J-Urban. The group most commonly cited as the originator of J-Urban music is the group m-flo (AKA "mediarite flo). Originally composed of a single Japanese DJ (DJ Taku) and a single Korean-Japanese emcee (Verbal), they combined with a singer named LISA who is of Peruvian-Japanese descent. Their debut album, Planet Shining was released in 2000, and since then, many J-Urban acts such as Crystal Kay, AI, Heartsdales, and even collaborations with popstars like Namie Amuro and BoA. Other popular J-Urban acts like RIP SLYME have worked with m-flo. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... m-flo is a Japanese hip hop group currently consisting of producer and DJ Taku Takahashi and emcee VERBAL. As to the origins of the groups name, VERBAL explains: It was originally meteorite flow, but for the Japanese thats pretty long, so (Avex) asked us to shorten it... Crystal Kay Williams (born February 26, 1986 in Yokohama, Japan) is a J-pop singer. ... // This disambiguation page covers alternative uses of the terms Ai, AI, and A.I. Ai (as a word, proper noun and set of initials) can refer to many things. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Namie Amuro , born September 20, 1977) is a Japanese pop singer and occasional songwriter. ... This article is about the Korean pop singer. ... Rip Slyme is a Japanese hip hop group. ... m-flo is a Japanese hip hop group currently consisting of producer and DJ Taku Takahashi and emcee VERBAL. As to the origins of the groups name, VERBAL explains: It was originally meteorite flow, but for the Japanese thats pretty long, so (Avex) asked us to shorten it...


Korea

Main article: Korean hip hop

In Seoul, the Korean hip hop scene has expanded into a form of cultural phenomenon. Some fans assert that Korean hip hop artists possess skills that can rival their U.S. counterparts. Notable performers include Jo PD, Drunken Tiger, Psy, and Epik High. In Seoul, the Korean hip hop scene has expanded into a form of cultural phenomenon. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... In Seoul, the Korean hip hop scene has expanded into a form of cultural phenomenon. ... Cho PD (조PD, born January 21, 1976) is Korean male singer. ... Drunken Tiger (드렁큰타이거) is a Korean hip-hop group that now has only one member, Tiger JK. The group started as a duo, with Tiger JK and DJ Shine, and debuted in 1999 with its first album, The Year of the Tiger. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Epik High (에픽 하이) is a South Korean hip hop group consisting of two master of ceremonies (MCs) and one disc jockey (DJ). ...


Many rap artists have been successful in the mainstream of Korean music. These include performers such as Jinusean, 1TYM, MC Sniper, Jo PD, and Epik High. Other lesser known underground artists who focus mainly on using non-flashy beats and lyrical skill include Quiett, MC Meta, PaloAlto, TBNY, and many more. Jinuseans fifth album: 노라보세 (2004) Jinusean (지누션) is a well-known Korean hip hop duo from YG Family. ... 1TYMs fifth album: One Way (2005) 1TYM (원타임, pronounced One Time) is a popular four-member Korean hip hop group. ... Cho PD (조PD, born January 21, 1976) is Korean male singer. ... Epik High (에픽 하이) is a South Korean hip hop group consisting of two master of ceremonies (MCs) and one disc jockey (DJ). ...


Korean American hip hop began in the United States in the mid 1990s, mainly attributed to the efforts of the Korean rapper duo Tiger JK and DJ Shine of Drunken Tiger. Drunken Tiger was created after the song "Black Korea" by Ice Cube and used music as a means of cultural exchange and as an attempt to promote racial harmony. Following the success of Drunken Tiger, many new groups and production companies emerged to further popularize the musical style. In order to represent the elite group of Korea's best rappers, Tiger JK and Drunken Tiger formed The Movement Crew (Dynamic Duo, Epik High, Leessang, Drunken Tiger, Eun Ji-Won, Tasha Reid, and more). Drunken Tiger (드렁큰타이거) is a Korean hip-hop group that now has only one member, Tiger JK. The group started as a duo, with Tiger JK and DJ Shine, and debuted in 1999 with its first album, The Year of the Tiger. ... Drunken Tiger (드렁큰타이거) is a Korean hip-hop group that now has only one member, Tiger JK. The group started as a duo, with Tiger JK and DJ Shine, and debuted in 1999 with its first album, The Year of the Tiger. ... Drunken Tiger (드렁큰타이거) is a Korean hip-hop group that now has only one member, Tiger JK. The group started as a duo, with Tiger JK and DJ Shine, and debuted in 1999 with its first album, The Year of the Tiger. ... Drunken Tiger (드렁큰타이거) is a Korean hip-hop group that now has only one member, Tiger JK. The group started as a duo, with Tiger JK and DJ Shine, and debuted in 1999 with its first album, The Year of the Tiger. ... The Movement may refer to: The Movement (literature). ... Dynamic Duo is a Korean hip hop duo, made up of members Choiza and Gaeko (former members of the trio, CBMass). ... Epik High (에픽 하이) is a South Korean hip hop group consisting of two master of ceremonies (MCs) and one disc jockey (DJ). ... Leessang (리쌍) is a Korean hip hop duo, comprised of Kang Hee-gun (Gary) and Gill Seong-joon (Gill). Formed in 2002, Leessang is known for its collaborations with Drunken Tiger, T, Big Mama King, Park Hwayobi, and many others. ... Drunken Tiger (드렁큰타이거) is a Korean hip-hop group that now has only one member, Tiger JK. The group started as a duo, with Tiger JK and DJ Shine, and debuted in 1999 with its first album, The Year of the Tiger. ... Tasha Reid is a Korean R&B singer and rapper born in Portland, Texas May 31, 1981 to an African American father and a Korean mother. ...


Southeastern Asia

The Philippines

Main article: Filipino hip hop

Filipino rap is heterogeneous, encompassing rap in numerous languages such as Tagalog, Chavacano, and Ilocano, as well as English. The musical style has become as diverse as hip-hop music itself with such sub-genres as Kalye (Street), Masa (Commercial), Makabayang (Ethnocentric/Socially conscious), Gangsta, and underground rap. The Philippines is considered by many to have developed the first hip hop scene in all of Asia and the Pacific Islands.[citation needed] Filipino hip hop can be divided into two main categories: hip hop as performed and followed in the Philippines, and hip hop performed and followed by people of Filipino descent overseas, mostly among Filipino Americans in the United States. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Chavacano, (also Chabacano or Zamboangueño), is a Spanish creole spoken in the Philippines. ... Ilocano, also Iloko and Ilokano, refers to the language and culture associated with the Ilocano people, the third largest ethnic group in the Philippines. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Gangsta can refer to: Eye dialect/Slang for a member of a gang, a gangster. ... Look up Underground in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The birth of Filipino hip hop music (or Flip-Hop or Pinoy Rap), occurred in the early 1980s with songs by Dyords Javier ("Na Onseng Delight") and Vincent Dafalong ("Nunal"). The genre developed slowly during the 1980s but soon hit the mainstream with Francis Magalona's debut album, Yo! which included the nationalistic hit "Mga Kababayan" (My Countrymen). Magalona, who rapped in both English and Tagalog became a pioneer in the genre and a superstar as a result. Mainstream stars rose to prominence in the Philippines, led by Michael V., Rap Asia, 'MC Lara and Lady Diane. Francis Kiko Magalona or as he is also known FrancisM, Master Rapper, and The Man From Manila is credited as being the first Filipino rapper in the Philippines to successfully crossover to the mainstream. ... For the Byzantine emperor of similar name, see Michael V. Michael V. (born Beethoven del Valle Bunagan), also known as Bitoy or Toybits, is a Filipino comedian, actor, director and parodist, who appears in the hit GMA Network show Bubble Gang, and in his own TV show Bitoys Funniest...


The beginnings of hip-hop culture in the Philippines can be attributed to several main factors; the innate of them being the heavy influx of American musical styles in that country as reflected in the widespread popularity during the 1960s of Motown artists The Temptations, The Supremes and The Jackson Five and later in the 1970s of Funk, Soul and Disco music. Bands such as The Commodores, The Gap Band, James Brown, Con Funk Shun, The Bar-Kays and Earth, Wind and Fire among many others received heavy rotation on Manila airwaves. The future importation of hip hop culture and music, similar to the previous genres mentioned can be credited to the direct contact Filipinos received with both Americans and Filipino Americans, or as they are commonly called balikbayans, stemming from the root words "balik" meaning to come back and "bayan" loosely translating into hometown or homeland.[1] Hip hop is a cultural movement that began among urban African Americans in New York City in the early 1970s, and has since spread around the world. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Supremes (disambiguation). ... The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Soul (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music genre. ... The Commodores was a highly successful soul/funk band in the 1970s. ... The Gap Band are an American R&B, funk and soul music group who rose to fame during the 1970s and 1980s with their heavily-charged dance anthems and their sentimental and ethereal love songs. ... For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... Con Funk Shun were an American funk band popular in the 1970s and 1980s. ... The Bar-Kays were a popular Memphis, Tennessee, soul, R&B, and funk group performing from 1966 and continue to perform today, although with only one original member. ... Earth, Wind & Fire was a legendary American funk band, formed in Chicago in 1969. ... In 1998, Benjamin J. Cayetano became the first Filipino American (and second Asian American after Governor George R. Ariyoshi) to be elected state Governor of the United States. ...


The intimate relationship between hip-hop culture and the large Filipino American community along the United States West Coast naturally resulted in the exportation of rap music back to the Philippines. Numerous cassette tapes, videos, books and magazines concerning hip hop issues and popular rap artists would be sent out by Filipinos to family members back in the islands.


The towns and barrios surrounding the numerous American military bases that were scattered throughout that country such as Clark Air Base in Angeles City and Subic Bay Naval Base in Olongopo were among the earliest to be exposed to the culture; as contact with African-American, Filipino American and Latino servicemen resulted in some of the earliest exposure the locals had to the new musical genre.[2] Clark Air Base, 1975. ... Subic Bay is a bay on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, about 100km northwest of Manila Bay. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ...


Groundbreaking hip hop films such as Wild Style (1983), Breakin' (1984) and Krush Groove (1985) were also major influences; and as early as 1982 local breakdancing crews like the Angeles City based Whooze Co. International, with members consisting primarily from Clark Air Base, The Eclipse (whose former members included Francis Magalona, Dance 10's Darwin Tuason and current Federation Sounds' Glenn "Kico" Lelay), Info-Clash Breakers and Ground Control (members included Rap Master Fordy, later to be known as Andrew E. and Jay "Smooth" MC of Bass Rhyme Posse) became mainstays in local parks and malls in and around the Metro Manila area such as Glorietta Mall, which was an early hotspot for breakers. Several mobile DJ crews of the era included such names as the Rock All Parties Crew which emerged onto the scene only to produce such future Pinoy rap pioneers as Andrew E. and Norman B. For other uses, see Wild Style (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1984 movie; for other breakin or breaking references see breaking. ... Krush Groove (1985) Directed by Michael Schultz In this movie based on the early days of Def Jam Recordings, up-and-coming manager Russell Simmons has all the hottest acts on the record label Krush Groove records, including Run-D.M.C., Dr. Jekyll & Mr. ... Nickname: Motto: Sulong Angeles. ... Francis Kiko Magalona or as he is also known FrancisM, Master Rapper, and The Man From Manila is credited as being the first Filipino rapper in the Philippines to successfully crossover to the mainstream. ... A shot of the central atrium area during an electronics event. ...


Malaysia

Main article: Malaysian hip hop

The Malaysian hip hop scene started in 1990s with groups such as 4U2C and KRU. Their so-called "Rap Music" wasn't accepted by the mainstream community and they had to changed to a more pop-ish sound. The Malaysian music scene was dominated by them until 1995-1996, when Poetic Ammo came out with their classic album It's a Nice Day to Be Alive. Their 1st hit, "Everything Changes" revolutionized the local music industry. There are groups from the underground scene that have established themselves such as Naughtius Maximus, but it was Poetic Ammo that made it big. The Malaysian hip hop scene started in 1990s with groups such as 4U2C and KRU. Their so-called Rap Music wasnt accepted by the mainstream community and they had to changed to a more pop-ish sound. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... RAP may mean: the IATA airport code for Rapid City Regional Airport Rassemblement pour lalternative progressiste, a Québecois political party. ... Malaysian music is heavily influenced by neighboring Indonesian and Thai forms, as well as Portuguese, Filipino and Chinese styles. ... Poetic Ammo (also known as PMO) is a Malaysian rap/hip-hop group. ...


One of the powerhouses of hip hop in Malaysia is Too Phat, which consists of Malique and Joe Flizzow. They were signed to EMI International's Positive Tone division and produced their first hit album, Whutadilly and their 1st single was "Too Phat Baby" featuring Ruffedge. Their Plan B album was a hit, with songs such as "Anak Ayam" and "Just a Friend" featuring V.E receiving massive air play by local stations. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Too Phat is Malaysian hip-hop duo that has brought Malaysian Hip-Hop scene to greater heights. ... The EMI Group is a major record label, based in Brook Green in London, in the United Kingdom. ... Positive Tone is a Malaysian music production house and it is a subsidiary of EMI Malaysia Sdn Bhd. ...


With Too Phat's success other underground groups such as Muchachaz, M.O.B and The Teh Tarik Crew have followed in their footsteps, eventually forming The Phat Family.


Singapore

The "Singaporean" hip hop culture has been growing recently and becoming popular in younger generation.Singaporean rappers DJ Sathiya & Sylvestar recently performed in Tollywood songs,the most popular one,"Ulle Vaa" in the movie Chennai 600028.Both rappers from popular group DJeneration were invited by producer JK Saravana to perform in the song. This song has Tamil rap penned by DJ Sathiya and JK Saravana.Other young rappers like the C-Rappers consisting of Prof Yaz,Nesh and Naz C-Rapper have been growing popular in the underground hip-hop scene as well. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Southern Asia

India

Main article: Indian hip hop

Indian hip hop, is a type of fusion music created by taking western hip hop and mixing it with Indian music. This may involve removing the words and replacing them with Indian ones, mixing the original track's chorus and replacing it with Punjabi or Hindi words. Sometimes the tracks are mixed so much that it is hard to tell if it is the original or not. Some tracks using originally made beats and riffs to fit the hip hop genre include the artists Swami, Raghav and Jay Sean. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian hip hop. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian hip hop. ... A fusion genre is a music genre which combines two or more other genres. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... “Punjabi” redirects here. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Swami is a critically-acclaimed [1] Asian rap/rock/bhangra band from Birmingham, England. ... For the actor Raghav, click here Raghav Mathur (born April 2, 1981), is an Indian-Canadian singer. ... Jay Sean, (Kamaljit Singh Jhooti born on March 26, 1981 in Harlesden, London, United Kingdom; Punjabi: , ) is a British Asian R&B singer. ...


Most tracks are a unique popular blend of hip hop baselines and riffs and Indian drums and other instruments. Again, they may be taken from other tracks or made up to fit the hip hop genre, then mixed with Indian music to create a distinctive mix of Indian hip hop that is popular with Eastern and Western people. Indian Hip Hop has made a significant impact to the Asian Underground. Indian Hip Hop uses beats which are relevant to an Indian dance/music called Bhangra. Many famous Indian Rappers are from overseas, mostly from the United Kingdom. Asian Underground is a term associated with various British Asian musicians (mostly Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan) who blend elements of western underground dance music and the traditional music of their home countries. ... Bhangra (Punjabi: , , ) is a lively form of music and dance that originated in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. ... A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country. ...


There is the growing presence of home grown Indian Hip Hop artists. Although they cannot be categorized as fusing Indian music into mainstream Hip Hop. The Indian rappers are known to be excellent in wordplay & unique blend of issues concerning the Indian Society. Madras (Chennai) is in the forefront of establishing an Indian rap culture. Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ...


See also

Asian music actually is a vague, loose term that encompasses numerous different musical styles originating from just as numerous Asian cultures. ... Hip hop is a subculture, which is said to have begun with the work of DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five, and Afrika Bambaattaa. ... Thai, is a Vietnamese American rapper. ...

References

  1. ^ Republic Act No. 9174. Republic of the Philippines (November 7, 2002). Retrieved on 2006-07-02.
  2. ^ History of Pinoy Rap. Retrieved on 2006-07-02.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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