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Encyclopedia > Asian Century
Asia is the largest continent on Earth with 60% of the human population.
Asia is the largest continent on Earth with 60% of the human population.

The Asian Century is a term used to describe the belief that, if certain demographic and economic trends persist, the 21st century will be dominated by Asian politics and culture, similarly to how the 20th century is sometimes called the American Century. Image File history File links Asia_map_pastel_plain. ... Image File history File links Asia_map_pastel_plain. ... Earth is the third planet from the Sun. ... The current estimated world human population is 6,427,631,117. ... The 21st century is the century that began on 1 January 2001 and will last to 31 December 2100. ... Asia is the largest and most populous region or continent depending on the definition. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... ...

Contents


Origin

The phrase 'Asian century' arose in the mid to late 1980s, and is attributed to a 1988 meeting with Chinese senior leader Deng Xiao Ping and Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi [1]. Prior to this, it made an appearance in a 1985 US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations hearing [2]. It has been subsequently reaffirmed by Asian political leaders, and is now a popularly used term in the media. The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping (Simplified Chinese: 邓小平; Traditional Chinese: 鄧小平; pinyin: Dèng Xiǎopíng; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; pronounced Dung Shyao-ping; August 22, 1904—February 19, 1997) was a revolutionary elder in the Communist Party of China (CPC) who served as the de facto ruler of the People... Rajiv Gandhi (राजीव गान्धी) (20 August 1944 – 21 May 1991), the first son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi, was the 6th Prime Minister of India (and the 3rd from their family) from his mothers death on 31 October 1984 until his resignation on 2 December 1989 following a general election defeat. ... U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ...


Reasons

Most of the speculation as to a future Asian century is based on population growth and economic growth forecasts, as well as the growth that has already occured in much of Asia. While much emphasis is focused on the growing power of India and China, the term Asian Century generally refers to all growth in East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Russia may also be considered a rising economy in Asia, but it is usually not being refered to in the use of this term. Geographic scope of East Asia East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... Composite satellite image of South Asia Map of South Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ...


Demographics

Further information: World population, and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]]

Population growth in Asia is expected to continue through at least the first half of the 21st century. Nearing 4 billion persons in the beginning of the 21st century, the Asian population is predicted to grow to more than 5 billion by 2050 [3]. While its percent of world population is not expected to greatly change, North American and European shares of the global population are expected to decline [4]. This is significant if one is to believe that demographic growth is directly linked to economic growth [5]. The world population is the total number of humans alive on the planet Earth at a given time. ... Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century Decades: 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s - 2050s - 2060s 2070s 2080s 2090s 2100s Years: 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 - 2050 - 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 The year 2050 (MML) in the Gregorian calendar corresponds to to 5810-5811 in the Hebrew Calendar. ...


Economics

Further information: Economy of Asia, and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]]

One major reason for the belief in a coming Asian Century is the remarkable economic growth in Asia, and the continuing growth rates. Since the end of the 1970s, the Chinese economy began two and half decades of economic growth rates between 8 and 10%. The Indian economy began a similar ascent at the end of 1980s and early 1990s, and has grown to slightly over 8% in 2005. The delay or 'lag' factor in India's growth is attributed to its late economic start and for some the question being asked is whether India will be able to catch up with China or even exceed it [6]. The economy of Asia comprises more than 4 billion people (60% of the world population), living in 46 different states. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The economy of China may also include or exclude, depending on context or point of view: The economy of mainland China The economy of Hong Kong The economy of Macau The economy of Taiwan A politically neutral term that includes all of these separate economies is Greater China. ... India has had robust economic growth since 1991 when the government reversed its socialist-inspired policy of a large public sector with extensive controls on the private sector and began to liberalize the economy. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ...

One of the busiest shopping streets in the world, Nanjing Road in Shanghai is an example of Chinese economic growth and its large consumer base.
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One of the busiest shopping streets in the world, Nanjing Road in Shanghai is an example of Chinese economic growth and its large consumer base.

Both of these developments involved policy of a degree of managed liberalisation of the economy as well as a turning outwards of the economy towards globalisation (both exports and attracting inward investment). The magnitude of this liberalisation and globalisation is still subject to debate. They were part of conscious decisions by key political leaders, especially in India and China. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 319 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 319 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Nanjing Road one of the worlds busiest shopping streets. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海 pinyin: (help· info); Shanghainese: Zanhe ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ...


Also, the populations of the two countries offer a potential market of over two and a quarter billion. The development of the internal consumer market in these two countries has been a major basis for economic development. This has enabled much higher national growth rates for China and India in comparison to Japan, the EU and even the USA. The international cost advantage on goods and services, based on cheaper labour costs, has enabled these two countries to exert a global competitive pressure.


The trend for greater Asian economic dominace has also been based on the extrapolations of recent historic economic trends. Goldman Sachs, in its BRIC economic forecast, highlighted the trend towards China becoming the largest and India the 3rd largest economies by the year 2050 in terms of GDP. The report also predicted the type of industry that each nation would dominate, leading some to deem China 'the industrial workshop of the world' and India 'one of the great service societies' [7]. The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. ... The four BRIC countries: Brazil, Russia, India and China BRIC is a term used to refer to the combination of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. ... Centuries: 20th century - 21st century - 22nd century Decades: 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s - 2050s - 2060s 2070s 2080s 2090s 2100s Years: 2045 2046 2047 2048 2049 - 2050 - 2051 2052 2053 2054 2055 The year 2050 (MML) in the Gregorian calendar corresponds to to 5810-5811 in the Hebrew Calendar. ...


Culture

Further information: Culture of Asia, and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]], and [[]]

Culturally, the Asian century is symbolised by Bollywood, Bhangra and Hong Kong Chinese genre films. The awareness of Asian culture may be a part of a much more culturally aware world, as proposed in the Clash of Civilizations thesis. Equally, the affirmation of Asian global culture has an impact on the identity politics of Asians in Asia and outside in the Asian diaspora. This may lead to greater forms of Asian nationalism. Asia The culture of Asia is the artificial aggregation of the cultural heritage of many nationalities, societies, religions, and ethnic groups in Asia. ... Typical Bollywood movie poster—Devdas (2002) Bollywood is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi language film industry in India. ... Bhangra (Punjabi: , بھنگڑا, ) is both a lively dance which is from the region of Punjab, now divided between North India and Pakistan, and the musical accompaniment to the dance. ... The history of Chinese-language cinema has three separate threads of development: Cinema of Hong Kong, Cinema of China and Cinema of Taiwan. ... Cover of The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order The Clash of Civilizations is a controversial theory in international relations. ... Look up Diaspora in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term diaspora (Ancient Greek διασπορά, a scattering or sowing of seeds) is used (without capitalization) to refer to any people or ethnic population forced or induced to leave their traditional ethnic homelands; being dispersed throughout other parts of the world, and the... // Nationalism is an ideology that holds that (ethnically or culturally defined) nations are the fundamental units for human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate basis for the state, and that each nation...


Though the use of English continues to spread, Asian languages are also becoming more popular to teach and study outside of the continent. Chinese has recently gained greater attention in the USA because of a growing belief in its economic advantage [8]. It is also being encouraged through China's support of Confucius Institutes, which have opened in numerous nations to teach Chinese language and culture [9]. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... There are a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising a number of families and unrelated isolate languages. ... Confucius Institute (Simplified Chinese: 孔子学院;Traditional Chinese: 孔子學院;pinyin: kǒng zǐ xúe yuàn) is a non-profit public institute aims at promoting Chinese language and culture and supporting local Chinese teaching internationally through affiliated Confucius Institutes. ...


Politics

The global political position of China and India has risen in international bodies and amongst the world powers, leading the USA and EU have become more active in the process of engagement with these two countries. China is also a permanent member of the UN Security Council. Although India is not a permanent member, it is possibile that it will become one or at the least gain a more influential position [10]. Japan is also attempting to become a permanent member [11]. A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ...


An Asian regional bloc may be further developed in 21st century around ASEAN and other bodies on the basis of free trade agreements [12]. However, there is some political concern amongst the national leaderships of different Asian countries about China's hegemonic ambitions in the region. Equally, India has been unable to offer the role of an alternative to China's dominance in Asia through its marginal role in ASEAN and its inability to construct its own bloc in South Asian around SAARC. Another new organization, the East Asian Summit, could also possibly create an EU like trade zone [13]. Main languages See Languages of ASEAN Secretary General Ong Keng Yong of Singapore Area  - Total 4,480,000 km2 Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 550,000,000 122. ... The South Asian Association for Regional Co-Operation, or SAARC, (established December 8, 1985) is an association of 7 countries of South Asia namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ... The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asia forum to be held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region, with ASEAN in a leadership position. ...


The Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov formulated or at least encouraged the idea of a triple alliance between Russia, China and India to counter the dominance of the USA and support the idea of a multi-polar world [14]. It has yet to develop into anything tangible. Yevgeny Primakov Yevgeny Maksimovich Primakov (Евгений Максимович Примаков, born Yona Finkelstein, Ёна Финкелштейн) (born October 29, 1929some sources give 1928) is a former Chairman (predsedatel) of the government of the Russian Federation. ...


The political future in Asia, whether more united or more polarized, is unclear. Yet most all forecasts predict China and India to be amongst the major powers if not super powers in the 21st century. A major power is a term that encompasses those countries or political entities that cannot be regarded as a superpowers, and yet have substantial influence on other states. ... A superpower is a state with the ability to influence events or project power on a wide scale. ...


See Also

International Power In the context of international relations and diplomacy, power (sometimes clarified as international power, national power, or state power) is the ability of one state to influence or control other states. ...

Power Statuses (from lowest to highest) Middle power, Regional power, Great power, Major power, Superpower, Hyperpower
Potential superpowers China (Main Page),
India (Main Page),
European Union (Main Page)
Types of power Soft power, hard power, Political power, power (sociology), bases of power
Other Second superpower, BRIC

Middle power is a term used in the field of international relations to describe states that are not superpowers or great powers, but still have some influence internationally. ... A regional power is a term used in the field of international relations to describe a state with power and influence that is to some extent limited to its region of the world. ... In the context of international relations and diplomacy, power (sometimes clarified as international power, national power, or state power) is the ability of one state to influence or control other states. ... A major power is a term that encompasses those countries or political entities that cannot be regarded as a superpowers, and yet have substantial influence on other states. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... A hyperpower is a powerful country that is vastly stronger than any potential rival. ... Currently, United States of America is regarded as the worlds sole superpower — a term used to describe a country with a significant world-wide influence. ... PRC redirects here. ... Motto: Satyameva Jayate Sanskrit: सत्यमेव जयते (Truth Alone Triumphs) Anthem: Jana Gana Mana Sanskrit: जन गण मन Capital New Delhi Largest city Mumbai (Bombay) Official language(s) Hindi, English, and 21 other languages Government President Prime Minister Federal republic APJ Abdul Kalam Manmohan Singh Independence  - Declared  - Republic From the United Kingdom 1947-08-15 1950... The European Union or the EU is an intergovernmental and supranational union of 25 democratic countries known as member states. ... Soft power is a term used in international relations theory to describe the ability of a political body, such as a state, to indirectly influence the behavior or interests of other political bodies through cultural or ideological means. ... Hard power is a concept which is mainly used in realism in international relations and refers to national power which comes from military and economic means. ... Political power is a type of power held by a person or group in a society. ... It has been suggested that Bases of power be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Power (sociology). ... The Second Superpower is a term used to conceptualize a global civil society (including the anti-globalization movement or global justice movement) as a counterpoint to the United States of America. ... The four BRIC countries: Brazil, Russia, India and China BRIC is a term used to refer to the combination of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. ... The Pacific Century is a term that has been used to describe the 21st century through analogy with the term American Century. ... The concept of the Indian century is becoming a more prominent feature amongst the speeches of the key government leaders, commercial and media commentators of India in the last year. ... Chinas peaceful rise (Chinese: 中国和平崛起; Pinyin: Zhōnggúo hépíng juéqǐ) is a foreign policy doctrine mentioned increasingly by the Peoples Republic of China in the early 21st century. ... The East Asian Tigers, also known as Asias Four Little Dragons (Simplified Chinese: 亚洲四小龙, Traditional Chinese: 亞洲四小龍; Pinyin: YÇŽ Zhōu Sì XiÇŽo Lóng) (dragon being a reference to China in Chinese culture), refers to the economies of Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and South Korea. ...

References

External links

Speeches and Political Statements

Forecasts

Criticism


  Results from FactBites:
 
Asian Century - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1366 words)
The Asian Century is a term used to describe the belief that, if certain demographic and economic trends persist, the 21st century will be dominated by Asian politics and culture, similarly to how the 20th century is sometimes called the American Century.
The phrase 'Asian century' arose in the mid to late 1980s, and is attributed to a 1988 meeting with Chinese senior leader Deng Xiao Ping and Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi [1].
An Asian regional bloc may be further developed in 21st century around ASEAN and other bodies on the basis of free trade agreements [12].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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