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Encyclopedia > Ashtanga Yoga

For the system of yoga taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, see Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga. Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois, born on the full moon day of July, 1915, in Kowshika, near Hassan in Karnataka State, India, heads the Ashtanga Yoga Research Institute in Mysore, India. ... Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga or short Ashtanga Yoga is a style of Hatha Yoga taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois of Mysore, India. ...


Ashtanga Yoga (eight limbs of yoga, Raja Yoga) is the classical Indian system of philosophy and practice (composed by Patanjali perhaps ca. 200 BCE) consisting of these eight behavior precepts:

  • Yama (see below)
  • niyama - Commitments to practice, such as study and devotion
  • asana - integration of mind and body through physical activity
  • pranayama - integration of mind and body through breathing
  • pratyahara - withdrawal of the senses of perception from their objects
  • dharana - one-pointedness of mind
  • dhyana - meditation (quiet activity that leads to samadhi)
  • samadhi - the quiet state of blissful awareness

Practice of these precepts is said to result in a state in which one's behavior spontaneously follows the five ethical precepts (Yamas): Yama is the Hindu Lord of death whose first recorded appearance is in the Vedas. ... The Niyamas are codified as the observances in numerous scriptures including the Shandilya and Varuha Upanishads, Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Gorakshanatha, the Tirumantiram of Tirumular and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... A drawing of a girl in lotus pose Students taking a yoga class A woman in the Lotus position A yoga instructor performing an asana Asana is a Sanskrit word that literally means a seat but in the practise of yoga refers to a pose or posture. ... Pranayama is the fourth limb of Raja Yoga expounded by Patanjali Maharshi. ... Pratyahara is the fifth among the Eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dharana (Pronounced Dhaaranaa, with a voiced, aspirated dh) is the sixth of the eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dhyāna means meditation in Sanskrit. ... This article or section should include material from Samadhi meditation Samadhi, or concentration of the mind, is the second of the three parts of the Buddhas teaching, namely Sila (morality), Samadhi (concentration), and Panna (insight/wisdom). ...

  • Ahimsa - refraining from injury (non-life supporting action)
  • satya - truthfulness
  • asteya - freedom from stealing
  • bramacharya - living within the Self (moderation; abstinence)
  • aparigraha - freedom from attachment to possessions

See Also Ahimsa is a religious concept which advocates non-violence and a respect for all life. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Yoga, Power Yoga, Ashtanga yoga, Ashtanga vinyasa yoga, aerobic form of yoga, yoga chikitsa, yoga therapy, nadi ... (1071 words)
For centuries, the term ashtanga yoga has been used to refer to the eight-fold system of practice prescribed by the sage Patanjali.
Pattabhi Jois’ version of ashtanga yoga emphasizes a vigorous approach to the asana (posture) and pranayama (breath control) components of classical ashtanga.
One of Pattabhi Jois’ favorite slogans is "Ashtanga yoga is 99 percent practice, one percent theory." As David Williams, an Ashtanga teacher on the Hawaiian island of Maui, explains, "Before you’ve practiced, the theory is useless.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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