FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga
Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga
Religious origins: Hinduism
Regional origins: Mysore, India
Founding Guru: Krishnamacharya of Mysore, Satguru of Sri K. Pattabhi Jois
Mainstream popularity: Growing from the late 20th century
Practice emphases: Employs Vinyasa, or connecting postures.
Derivative forms: Vinyasa Yoga; Flow Yoga - Employs connecting postures, without use of specific series'
Related schools
Iyengar Yoga

Sivananda Yoga Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Satguru or Sadguru means true guru (Sanskrit सदगुरू sat=true), literally: true teacher. ... Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois, born on the full moon day of July, 1915, in Kowshika, near Hassan in Karnataka State, India, heads the Ashtanga Yoga Research Institute in Mysore, India. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Vinyasa is the unique linking of one asana to the next in a serpentine flow. ... The term ashtanga means eight limbs. ... Yoga is not a religion, yoga is the science of religions B.K.S. Iyengar (Light on Yoga) Iyengar Yoga, created by B.K.S. Iyengar, is a form of yoga known for its use of props, such as belts and blocks, as aids in performing asanas (postures). ... Sivananda Yoga is a non-proprietary form of hatha yoga. ...

Other topics

Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga is a system of yoga that has its origins in the ancient Yoga Korunta manuscript, compiled by the sage Vamana Rishi. Its current form was developed at the Mysore Palace in Mysore India.[1], and is commonly attributed to Sri K. Pattabhi Jois by way of his Satguru, Krishnamacharya. The Yoga Korunta is an ancient text of uncertain origins purportedly compiled by the sage Vamana Rishi. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois, born on the full moon day of July, 1915, in Kowshika, near Hassan in Karnataka State, India, heads the Ashtanga Yoga Research Institute in Mysore, India. ... Satguru or Sadguru means true guru (Sanskrit सदगुरू sat=true), literally: true teacher. ... Sri Tirumalai Krishnamacharya (1888-1989) was instrumental in the resurgence of interest in hatha yoga. ...


In discussing the Ashtanga Vinyasa system, a clear distinction must be made between ashtanga (lower-case 'a'), the eight (ashta) limbs of classical Raja Yoga, as outlined by Pantanjali in the Yoga Sutras, and Ashtanga (upper-case 'A'), which refers to the subject of this article. The eight limbs connoted by the word ashtanga refer specifically to the eight spiritual practices outlined by the sage Patanjali in the Yoga Sutra: Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga or short Ashtanga Yoga is a style of Hatha Yoga taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois of Mysore, India. ... Raja Yoga (lit. ... This is an article about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ...


Yama [moral codes]
Niyama [self-purification and study]
Asana [posture]
Pranayama [breath control]
Pratyahara [sense control]
Dharana [concentration]
Dhyana [meditation]
Samadhi [contemplation]

A modern depiction of Yamarajas Court, by Dominique Amendola Tibetan Dharmapala at the Field Museum in Chicago 19th century kagamibuta netsuke depicting Enma This article is about the deity Yama. ... The Niyamas are codified as the observances in numerous scriptures including the Shandilya and Varuha Upanishads, Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Gorakshanatha, the Tirumantiram of Tirumular and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... Ardha Padmasana, or Half Lotus is an intermediate seated posture Padmasana or Lotus pose is a more advanced seated posture Asana, Sanskrit for sitting posture (asanam is sitting or ass / aste is he sits), is a body position, typically associated with the practice of Yoga, intended primarily to restore and... Pranayama (Sanskrit: ) is a Sanskrit word often translated as control of the life force (prana). ... Pratyahara is the fifth among the Eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dharana (Pronounced Dhaaranaa, with a voiced, aspirated dh) is the sixth of the eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dhyāna is a term in Sanskrit which refers to a type or aspect of meditation. ... Samadhi (Sanskrit, lit. ...

Contents

History and Legend

The Ashtanga Vinyasa series is said to have its origin in the ancient text Yoga Korunta, compiled by Vamana Rishi, and which Krishnamacharya received from his Guru Rama Mohan Brahmachari at Mount Kailash. This manuscript was later passed on to Sri K. Pattabhi Jois. Krishnamacharya has had considerable influence on many of the modern forms of yoga taught today, as many notable present-day teachers, such as B.K.S. Iyengar and Indra Devi, along with Sri K. Pattabhi Jois, were his students. The Yoga Korunta is an ancient text of uncertain origins purportedly compiled by the sage Vamana Rishi. ... Sri Tirumalai Krishnamacharya (1888-1989) was instrumental in the resurgence of interest in hatha yoga. ... Mount Kailash (officially: Kangrinboqê; Tibetan: Gang Rinpoche, གངས་རིན་པོཅཧེ་; Wylie: Gangs Rin-po-che; ZWPY: Kangrinboqê; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Hindi कैलाश पर्वत, Kailāśā Parvata) is a peak in the Gangdisê mountains, the source of some of the longest rivers in Asia—the Indus River, the Sutlej River, a tributary of the Ganges... Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois, born on the full moon day of July, 1915, in Kowshika, near Hassan in Karnataka State, India, heads the Ashtanga Yoga Research Institute in Mysore, India. ... A photograph of B.K.S. Iyengar B.K.S. Iyengar, (aka Yogacharya B.K.S. Iyengar) born Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar, December 14, 1918, in India, is founder of Iyengar Yoga and one of the most respected yoga teachers in the world. ... Indra Devi (May 12, 1899 - April 25, 2002) born as Eugenie Peterson in Riga, Latvia was an early disciple of Sri Tirumalai Krishnamacharya, and herself became a renowned yoga teacher. ... Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois, born on the full moon day of July, 1915, in Kowshika, near Hassan in Karnataka State, India, heads the Ashtanga Yoga Research Institute in Mysore, India. ...


Krishnamacharya was well-known for tailoring his teachings to address specific concerns of the person or group he was teaching[citation needed], and the Vinyasa series for adolescents is a result of this[citation needed]. Krishnamacharya himself was not practicing those series at the time[citation needed], nor did he teach seasoned practitioners and adults in the same manner[citation needed]. When working under the convalescing Maharaja of Mysore, Krishnamacharya set up a shala, or yoga school, in the palace grounds and adapted the vinyasa practice for the young boys who lived there[citation needed]. Vinyasa has therefore been thought of as a very physically demanding practice, which can be sucessfull at channeling the hyperactivity of young minds. This system can also be used as a vessel for helping calm ongoing chatter of the mind, reducing stress and teaching extroverted personalities, to become introverted in their bodies and their practice. Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... Adad in Akkadian and Ishkur in Sumerian are the names of the storm-god in the Babylonian-Assyrian pantheon, both usually written by the logogram dIM. The Akkadian god Adad is cognate in name and functions with northwest Semitic god Hadad. ...


The Vinyasa Method

This style of yoga is characterized by a focus on vinyasa, or a dynamic connecting posture, that creates a flow between the more static traditional yoga postures. The vinyasa 'flow' is a variant of Sūrya namaskāra, the Sun Salutation. The whole practice is defined by six specific series of postures, always done in the same order, combined with specific breathing patterns (ujjayi breathing). Vinyasa is the unique linking of one asana to the next in a serpentine flow. ... A drawing of a girl in lotus pose Students taking a yoga class A woman in the Lotus position A yoga instructor performing an asana Asana is a Sanskrit word that literally means a seat but in the practise of yoga refers to a pose or posture. ... Diamond Mountain students were sponsored to complete 108 sun salutations (surya namaskar) to raise money for the Diamond Mountain campground. ... Ujjayi breath is sometimes called the ocean breath. ...


A standard Vinyasa consists of the flow from chatarunga, or plank, to chatarunga dandasana, or low plank, to urdhva mukha svansana (Upward-facing dog), to adho mukha svasana, or Downward-facing dog. The purpose of vinyasa is to create heat in the body, which leads to purification of the body through increased circulation and sweating. It also improves flexibility, as well as tendon and hard tissue strength, allowing the student to practice advanced asanas with reduced risk of injury. Vinyasa is the unique linking of one asana to the next in a serpentine flow. ...


There are six series altogether. Each sequence typically begins with 10 Sun Salutations and the standing poses. This is referred to as the "opening sequence". The student then moves to either the Primary, Intermediate, Advanced A, B, C, or D, depending on his or her skill level, finally closing with a set of inverted postures, referred to as the "finishing sequence". Ashtanga Yoga is traditionally taught in Mysore style (supervised self practice), where each student moves through the practice at his or her own pace and level. In the West, it is more common to find classes devoted to a specific series, and guided by an instructor. Mysore style is a particular way of teaching yoga within the Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga tradition as taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois in the southern Indian city of Mysore. ...


Higher Level Practices within Hatha

Hatha yoga (Sanskrit हठयोग), also known as Hatha Vidya (हठविद्या), is a particular system of Yoga introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a sage of 15th century India, and compiler of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika. ...

Bandhas

There are three bandhas which are considered our internal body locks, prescribed in the different postures. The banda is a sustained contraction of a group of muscles that assists the practitioner not only in retaining a pose but also in moving in and out of it. The mula bandha, or root lock, is performed by tightening the muscles around the pelvic and perineum area. The udiyana bandha, often described as bringing the navel to the base of the spine, is a contraction of the muscles of the lower abdominal area - this bandha is considered the most important bandha as it supports our breathing and encourages the development of strong core muscles. Jalandhara bandha, throat lock, is achieved by lowering the chin slightly while raising the sternum and the palate bringing the gaze to the tip of the nose. Human male pelvis, viewed from front Human female pelvis, viewed from front The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine (properly known as the caudal end). ... In human anatomy, the perineum, also called the taint, or gooch, is generally defined as the surface region in both males and females between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx. ...


Drishtis

Drishti, or focused gaze, is a means for developing concentrated intention. The most common is Urdhva, or upward gazing, where the eyes are lifted, with the spine aligned from crown to tailbone. This technique is employed in a variety of postures.


There are, in total, nine drishtis that instruct the yoga student in directing his or her gaze. Each pose is associated with a particular drishti. They include:

  • Angusta ma dyai: to the thumb
  • Broomadhya: to the third eye, or between the eyebrows
  • Nasagrai: at a point six inches from the tip of the nose
  • Hastagrai: to the palm, usually the extended hand
  • Parsva: to the left side
  • Parsva: to the right side
  • Urdhva: to the sky, or inwards
  • Nabichakra: to the navel
  • Padayoragrai: to the toes

Mantras

The Ashtanga practice is traditionally started with the following Sanskrit mantra: Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ...

vande gurunam charanaravinde sandarshita svatma sukhava bodhe

nih shreyase jangalikayamane samsara halahala mohasantyai

abahu purusharakam sankhachakrasi dharinam

sahasra shirsam svetam pranamami patanjalim

which is roughly translated into English as:

I bow to the lotus feet of the gurus,
The awakening happiness of ones own self revealed,
Beyond better, acting like the jungle physician,
Pacifying delusion, the poison of samsara.


Taking the form of a man to the shoulders,
Holding a conch, a discus, and a sword,
One thousand heads white,
To Patanjali, I salute.

and closes with the mangala mantra:

svasti prajabyah paripalayantam nyayena margena mahim mahishah

gobrahmanebyah shubamashtu nityam lokasamasta sukhinobavantu

which is roughly translated into English as:

May prosperity be glorified -
may rulers, (administrators) rule the world with law and justice
may divinity and erudition be protected
May all beings be happy and prosperous.

Although many practitioners assert that this yoga was devised by Jois from reading the Yoga Korunta[citation needed], no one (aside from Krishnamacharya and Jois) from has ever seen this text[citation needed] and Jois himself has occasionally dismissed the story as untrue[citation needed]. A far more likely explanation for Ashtanga's creation is that Jois was asked to devise a yoga sequence for children and adolescents[citation needed], whom he had been asked to teach by his guru. Noticing that their attention spans were short, particularly for poses held for any length of time, and that introspection was not one of their strengths, Jois began to formulate a style of yoga that would cater to the youths' natural vigor and flexibility, while minimizing aspects they found tedious. And so he devised a new form of surya namaskara[citation needed] with athletic jumps and challenging push ups, and a series of poses -- none of which would be held for more than five breaths with the exception of shoulder and headstand -- that were visually exciting, and physically demanding. The poses were sequenced to be performed without interruption, and the sequences were designed with young, flexible bodies in mind[citation needed].


In Modern Culture

The practice of Yoga asana has been popularized by the entertainer Madonna, who is a student of the Vinyasa style. British musician Sting, a Kundalini and Tantric Yoga devotee, has also contributed to the popularization of Yoga practice in the West. One of the more popular Yoga practice video features actress Ali McGraw, also a long-time practitioner. This article is about the American entertainer. ... Sting in Budapest, 2000 Gordon Matthew Sumner, CBE (born October 2, 1951), usually known by his stage name Sting, is an English musician from Newcastle upon Tyne. ... Ali McGraw is an American actress. ...


The mantra referenced above was made famous in Western culture by Madonna's use of it in her song "Shanti/Ashtangi". This article is about the American entertainer. ...


References

  1. ^ Sjnom, N.E. (1999, 2nd Edition). The Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace Abhinav Publications, India.

Further reading

  • S. K. Pattabhi Jois (2000). Yoga Mala. Patanjali Yoga Shala, New York.
  • BKS Iyengar Light on Astanga Yoga RIMYI, Pune India
  • BKS Iyengar Light on Yoga Sutras the source text defining "Ashtanga Yoga", the Eight Limbs.
  • BKS Iyengar The Tree of Yoga furhter explorations of the Eight Limbs in daily life.
  • BKS Iyengar Light on Life Contemplations of the elder Iyengar, (2006) on the Yoga Sutras, the Eight Limbs and yogic living.
  • David Swenson (1999). Ashtanga Yoga: The Practice Manual Ashtanga Yoga Productions, Austin, Texas

See also

For other uses, see Yoga (disambiguation). ... Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga or short Ashtanga Yoga is a style of Hatha Yoga taught by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois of Mysore, India. ... Raja Yoga (lit. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Patañjali, is the compiler of the Yoga Sutra, a major work containing aphorisms on the practical and philosophical wisdom regarding practice of Raja yoga. ... This is an article about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... Sri Krishna Pattabhi Jois, born on the full moon day of July, 1915, in Kowshika, near Hassan in Karnataka State, India, heads the Ashtanga Yoga Research Institute in Mysore, India. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga Explained (1187 words)
Because Ashtanga Yoga is strenuous, it is possible to injure yourself and in truth, most injuries that happen during Ashtanga Yoga are the fault of the student themselves.
The students that Ashtanga draws in are often go-getters who tend to be ambitious.
Ashtanga’s physical nature does not however mean that it is not accessible to everyone – irrespective of age, conditioning, fitness, flexibility, weight, etc. By using variations to suit you, focusing on the breathing, not being competitive and taking breaks whenever you need to, you can tailor the practice to meet your daily needs.
Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (823 words)
This school of yoga seeks to embody the traditional eight limbs of yoga (referred to as ashtanga or Raja Yoga) as expounded by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras.
Ashtanga Yoga is said to have its origin in the ancient text Yoga Korunta by Vamana Rishi, which Krishnamacharya received from his Guru Rama Mohan Brahmachari, and later passed on to Pattabhi Jois.
Ashtanga Yoga is traditionally taught in Mysore style (supervised self practice).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m