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Encyclopedia > Ashgabat
Aşgabat
Aşgabat
Aşgabat
Aşgabat
Aşgabat
Aşgabat

Aşgabat (Turkmen: Aşgabat; Persian: عشق آباد, UniPers: Ešq-âbâd; Russian: Ашхаба́д - Ashkhabád) also spelled as Ashgabat, Ashkabat, Ashkhabad, Ashgabad, is the capital city of Turkmenistan, a former Soviet republic. Aşgabat has a population of 604,700 (1999 census estimate) and is situated between the Kara Kum desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range. The name is believed to derive from the Persian Ashk-abad meaning "the City of Arsaces". Another explanation is that the name is a corruption of the Persian Eshq (Love) + abad (cultivated place or city), and hence loosely translates as "The city built by/from love". Aşgabat is located at 37°58′N 58°20′E (37.9667, 58.333). Aşgabat has a primarily Turkmen population, with minorities of ethnic Russians, Armenians, and Azeris. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1377 KB) Ashgabat Turkmenistan 2004 Author: Rüdiger Meier (The author made the picture especially for this purposes and fully agrees to this license-model) License: File links The following pages link to this file: Ashgabat Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1377 KB) Ashgabat Turkmenistan 2004 Author: Rüdiger Meier (The author made the picture especially for this purposes and fully agrees to this license-model) License: File links The following pages link to this file: Ashgabat Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1315 KB) Ashgabat Turkmenistan 2004 Author: Rüdiger Meier (The author made the picture especially for this purposes and fully agrees to this license-model) License: File links The following pages link to this file: Ashgabat Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1315 KB) Ashgabat Turkmenistan 2004 Author: Rüdiger Meier (The author made the picture especially for this purposes and fully agrees to this license-model) License: File links The following pages link to this file: Ashgabat Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1295 KB) Ashgabat Turkmenistan 2004 Author: Rüdiger Meier (The author made the picture especially for this purposes and fully agrees to this license-model) License: File links The following pages link to this file: Ashgabat Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1295 KB) Ashgabat Turkmenistan 2004 Author: Rüdiger Meier (The author made the picture especially for this purposes and fully agrees to this license-model) License: File links The following pages link to this file: Ashgabat Metadata This file contains... Persian is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... UniPers (Pârsiye Jahâni) is a simple Latin-based alphabet uniquely designed to facilitate the reading and writing of the Persian language. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... For the desert in Kazakhstan, see Aral Karakum. ... Desert view in Saudi Arabia. ... The Kopet Dag is a mountain range on the frontier between Turkmenistan and Iran, extending about 650 km (404 mi) along the border east of the Caspian Sea. ... Reproduction of a coin of Arsaces Arsaces is a Persian name, which occurs on a Persian seal, where it is written in cuneiform characters. ... Persian is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Azerbaijanis or Azerbaijani Turks, are a Muslim people who number more than 25 million worldwide. ...

Contents


History

Aşgabat is a relatively young city, growing out of a village of the same name established in 1818. It is, however, located not far from the site of Nisa, the ancient capital of the Parthians and the ruins of the Silk Road city of Konjikala, which had been destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century. 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Nisa (also Parthaunisa) was an ancient city, located near modern-day Bagir village, 18 km southwest of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. ... Parthia[1] (Persian: اشکانیان Ashkâniân), situated in the northeast of modern Iran, but at its height covering all of Iran proper, as well as the modern countries of Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain... For other uses, see Silk Road (disambiguation). ... The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


In 1869, Russian soldiers built a fortress on a hill near the village, and this added security soon attracted merchants and craftsmen to the area. Tsarist Russia annexed the region in 1884, and chose to develop the town as a regional center due to its proximity to the border of British-influenced Persia. It was regarded as a pleasant town with European style buildings, shops and hotels. 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Soviet rule was established, lost and then regained in 1917, and the city was renamed Poltoratsk after a local revolutionary. The name "Aşgabat" was restored in 1927 when the Communist Party was properly established in Turkmenistan, though it was usually known by the Russian form Ashkhabad. From this period onward the city experienced rapid growth and industrialisation, although this was severely disrupted by a major earthquake on October 6 1948. An estimated 7.3 on the Richter scale, the earthquake killed over 110,000 (2/3 the population of the city), although the official number announced by Soviet news was only 14,000. 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the dynamic release of stored energy that radiates seismic waves. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ...


Economics

As capital of the country, Aşgabat is primarily a government and administrative center. The principal industries of Aşgabat are cotton textiles and metal working. It is a major stop on the Trans-Caspian railway. Cotton ready for harvest. ... The Trans-Caspian railway (later called the Central Asiatic Railway) is a railway that follows the path of the Silk Road through much of western Central Asia. ...


Sights

Museums include the Turkmen Fine Arts Museum, noted for its impressive collection of woven carpets, and the Turkmen History Museum which has artifacts dating back to the Parthian civilisation. The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan is an important institute of higher learning. Large mosques include the Azadi Mosque (which resembles the Blue Mosque in Istanbul), the Khezrety Omar Mosque, and the futuristic Iranian Mosque. Ashgabad is also home to the Arch of Neutrality, which is a large tripod, upon which a golden statue of Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov (also known and generally referred to as Turkmenbashi, or leader of the Turkmens). This statue rotates in order to always face the sun during daylight hours. It is said to be made of pure gold. Carpet is a general term given to any loom-woven or felted textile and to grass floor coverings. ... Parthia[1] (Persian: اشکانیان Ashkâniân), situated in the northeast of modern Iran, but at its height covering all of Iran proper, as well as the modern countries of Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, eastern Turkey, eastern Syria, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain... The Sultan Ahmed Mosque, Istanbul The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (in Turkish Sultanahmet Camii, in English commonly called the Blue Mosque) is a mosque in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. ... Satellite image of Istanbul and the Bosphorus Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is Turkeys largest city, and its cultural and economic center. ... Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (Turkmen Saparmyrat Ataýewiç Nyýazow) (born February 19, 1940) has been the most powerful figure in Turkmenistan since 1985. ...


External links

  • Page on modern Aşgabat (in Russian)
  • Computer service in Aşgabat
  • Aşgabat Photo Gallery. Pictures of modern Aşgabat.
  • All schools of Ashgabat
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Ashgabat

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Regional Strategy of Ashgabat (2521 words)
The Centre was not formally established, but Ashgabat had sent a signal and it was soon heard not only in the capitals of regional states but also in the Headquarter of the United Nations.
The initiative to establish the UN regional center for preventive diplomacy in Ashgabat that was fixed in a "large" Turkmen-Uzbek agreement signed during Saprmurat Niyazov's visit to Uzbekistan last November and supported by the world community, was a logic continuation of Turkmenistanand's efforts in that direction.
Ashgabat believes that outlines of the regional security along the line South-North, East-West and the outlines of the future belt of stably developing states lays along the route of future pipelines.
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