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Encyclopedia > Ashdod
Ashdod

Ashdod MonArt Arts Centre.

Coat of arms of Ashdod
Hebrew אַשְׁדּוֹד
Founded in 1956
Government City (from 1968)
District South
Population 204,400 (2005)
Jurisdiction 60,000 dunams (60 km²)
Mayor Zvi Zilker

Ashdod (Hebrew: אַשְׁדּוֹד‎; Arabic: إسدود, Isdud), located in the Southern District of Israel towards the south of the Israeli Coastal Plain, is a city of over 200,000 people located approximately 70 kilometers (43 mi) from Jerusalem and Beer Sheba. Incorporated as a city in 1968, with a land-area of approximately 60,000 dunams or 60 square kilometers (23.2 sq mi). Ashdod is an important regional industrial center. The Port of Ashdod is Israel's largest port accounting for sixty percent of the country's imported goods. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Ashdod had a population of 204,400 at the end of 2006 making it the fifth largest city in Israel.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links AshdodLogo. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Cities in Israel, by district: // Northern District See also North District, Israel. ... Map of the districts of Israel Population density by geographic region, sub-district and district (thicker border indicates higher tier). ... The South District of Israel, highlighted. ... A dunam or dönüm, dunum, donum is a unit of area. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... The South District of Israel, highlighted. ... The Israeli Coastal Plain (Hebrew: , Mishor HaHof) is a name to the flat and low-lying narrow strip around the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Beersheba or Beer Sheva (Hebrew באר שבע; Arabic بئر السبع Biʾr as-Sabʿ) is a city in Israel. ... A dunam or dönüm, dunum, donum is a unit of area. ... Port of Ashdod Cargo at the port The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port, processing approximately 60% of Israeli marine cargo. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ...

Contents

History

Ancient Ashdod

Ashdod in the early 19th century.
Ashdod in the early 19th century.

Human settlement in Ashdod dates from the Paleolithic Age.[2] Ashdod is mentioned in Ugaritic documents, the language of the ancient Canaanites. At the end of the 13th century BCE the Sea Peoples conquered and destroyed the city. By the beginning of the 12th century BCE the Philistines, generally thought to have been one of the Sea Peoples, ruled the city. During their reign, the city prospered and was a member of union of five Philistine city states.[3] Image File history File links Ashdod_ancient. ... Image File history File links Ashdod_ancient. ... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic (Greek παλαιός paleos=old and λίθος lithos=stone or the Old Stone Age) was the first period in the development of human technology of the Stone Age. ... The Ugaritic language is known to us only in the form of writings found in the lost city of Ugarit since its discovery by French archaeologists in 1928. ... For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). ... (Redirected from 13th century BCE) (14th century BC - 13th century BC - 12th century BC - other centuries) (1300s BC - 1290s BC - 1280s BC - 1270s BC - 1260s BC - 1250s BC - 1240s BC - 1230s BC - 1220s BC - 1210s BC - 1200s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events... The Budgie People is the term used for a confederacy of seafaring raiders who sailed into the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, caused political unrest, and attempted to enter or control Egyptian territory during the late 19th dynasty, and especially during Year 8 of Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty. ... (Redirected from 12th century BCE) (13th century BC - 12th century BC - 11th century BC - other centuries) (1200s BC - 1190s BC - 1180s BC - 1170s BC - 1160s BC - 1150s BC - 1140s BC - 1130s BC - 1120s BC - 1110s BC - 1100s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events... Map showing the location of Philistine land and cities of Gaza, Ashdod, and Ashkelon Map of the southern Levant, c. ...


In 950 BCE Ashdod was destroyed during Pharaoh Siamun's conquest of the region. The city was not rebuilt until at least 815 BCE. Around 715 BCE, it was conquered by Sargon II[4], who destroyed the city and exiled its residents. Jewish inhabitants of Ashdod were resettled in Media after their failed attempt against Assyrian dominance. The records indicate that 27,290 Jews were forced to settle in Ecbatana (Hamadan) and Susa in South West Persia.[5] Asdûdu led the revolt of Philistines, Judeans, Edomites, and Moabites against Assyria after expelling the king Akhimeti, whom Sargon had installed instead of his brother Azuri. Gath (Gimtu) belonged to the kingdom of Ashdod at that time.[6] Neterkheperre-setepenamun Siamun was the Sixth pharaoh of Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty. ... Sargon II (right), king of Assyria (r. ... Avicennas tomb in Hamedan Hamadan or Hamedan ( Persian: همدان ) is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran. ... Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great at Susa. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Gath (גת Hebrew: winepress), a common place name in ancient Israel and the surrounding regions. ...


An Assyrian general Tartan gained control of Ashdod in 711[7][8], and forced the "usurper" Yamani to flee. Mitinti was king at the time of Sennacherib, and Akhimilki in the reign of Esarhaddon. Psammetichus of Egypt is reported to have besieged the great city Azotus for twenty-nine years (Herodotus, ii. 157); the biblical references to the remnant of Ashdod (Jeremiah 25:20; cf Zephaniah 2:4) are interpreted as an allusion to this event. In the Middle Bronze Age Assyria was a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur (Akkadian: ; Hebrew: , Aramaic: ). Later, as a nation and empire that came to control all of the Fertile Crescent, Egypt and much of Anatolia, the term Assyria... Sennacherib during his Babylonian war, relief from his palace in Nineveh Sennacherib (in Akkadian Śïn-ahhe-eriba (The moon god) Śïn has Replaced (Lost) Brothers for Me) was the son of Sargon II, whom he succeeded on the throne of Assyria (705 BC–681 BC). ... Esarhaddon (Greek and Biblical form; Akkadian Aššur-aha-iddina Ashur has given a brother to me), was a king of Assyria who reigned 681 BC-669 BC), the youngest son of Sennacherib and the Aramaic queen Naqia (Zakitu), Sennacheribs second wife. ... Psammetichus, or Psamtik I, was the first of three kings of the Saite, or Twenty-sixth Dynasty of Egypt (664 - 610 BC). ...


The city absorbed another blow in 605 BCE, when Nebuchadnezzar conquered it. In 539 BCE the city was rebuilt by the Persians, but was conquered in the wars of Alexander of Macedon. Nebuchadnezzar has several meanings: Nebuchadnezzar (also Nebuchadrezzar), the name of several kings of Babylonia: Nebuchadnezzar I of Babylon Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon, the best known of these kings, who conquered Aram and Israel. ... Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ...


According to the Book of Nehemiah, the Ashdodites seem still to represent the whole nation of the Philistines[9] in sixth century BCE, the speech of Ashdod (which the younger generation of the Jews are described as adopting) would simply be the general Philistine dialect. Winckler explains the use of that name by the fact that Ashdod was the nearest of the Philistine cities to Jerusalem[10]. The Book of Nehemiah is a book of the Hebrew Bible, known to Jews as the Tanach and to Christians as the Old Testament. ... Hugo Winckler (July 4, 1863, Gräfenhainchen, Saxony — April 19, 1913, Berlin) was a German archaeologist and historian who uncovered the capital of the Hittite Empire at Bogazkoy, Turkey. ...


The city prospered as Izotus under the Hellenistic rule, until the Hasmonean Revolt. During the rebellion Judas Maccabeus arrived at its gates, but did not conquer it. He left it for his brother Jonathan, who conquered it in 147 BCE and destroyed the Temple of Dagon. According to Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews 13:15, volume 4), Alexander Jannæus possessed it. Pompey restored its independence by reconstructing its city walls, though it belonged to the dominion of Herod and Salome (Antiquities... 17:18, volume 9), and Vespasian had to later take it by force. The term Hellenistic (established by the German historian Johann Gustav Droysen) in the history of the ancient world is used to refer to the shift from a culture dominated by ethnic Greeks, however scattered geographically, to a culture dominated by Greek-speakers of whatever ethnicity, and from the political dominance... The Maccabees were a Jewish family who fought against the rule of Antiochus IV Epiphanes of the Hellenistic Seleucid dynasty, who was succeeded by his infant son Antiochus V Eupator. ... Judas Maccabeus (or Judah the Maccabee from the Hebrew יהודה המכבי transliteration: Yehudah HaMakabi) translation: Judah the Hammer was the third son of the Jewish priest Mattathias. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... Dagon was a major northwest Semitic god, reportedly a god of grain and agriculture, worshipped by the early Amorites, by the people of Ebla and Ugarit, and a major god, perhaps the chief god, of the Biblical Philistines, enemies of the ancient nation of Israel. ... A fanciful representation of Flavius Josephus, in an engraving in William Whistons translation of his works Josephus (37 – sometime after 100 CE),[1] who became known, in his capacity as a Roman citizen, as Titus Flavius Josephus,[2] was a 1st-century Jewish historian and apologist of priestly and... Antiquities of the Jews was a work published by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus in the year A.D. 93. ... Coin of Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BC). ... Pompey, Pompey the Great or Pompey the Triumvir [1] (Classical Latin abbreviation: CN·POMPEIVS·CN·F·SEX·N·MAGNVS[2], Gnaeus or Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (September 29, 106 BC–September 29, 48 BC), was a distinguished military and political leader of the late Roman republic. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... Herod (‎, Greek: ), also known as Herod I or Herod the Great, was a Roman client king of Judaea (73 BC – 4 BC in Jericho)[1]. Herod is known for his colossal building projects in Jerusalem and other parts of the ancient world, including the construction of the Second Temple in... Coin of Salome (daughter of Herodias), queen of Chalcis and Armenia Minor. ... Imperator Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (born November 17, 9, died June 23, 79), known originally as Titus Flavius Vespasianus and usually referred to in English as Vespasian, was emperor of Rome from 69 to 79. ...

Ashdod-Sea Fortress, Israel. Gate
Ashdod-Sea Fortress, Israel. Gate

Despite its location four miles from the coast, both Ptolemy and Josephus described it as a maritime city. This curious description may refer to Ashdod's control of a separate shore-edge harbor, called Azotus Paraliyus, or Ashdod Sea (Antiquities... 13:15, volume 4). This place has been compared with the Asdudimmu mentioned by Sargon, but the comparison is hardly justified. The city's importance continued until the seventh century, when citadel was built in Azotus Paraliyus as stronghold against the Byzantine navy. To the west of the wooded height on which the city stands, traces of the ancient harbour—now known as Minet el-Ḳal'a—can still be seen. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Ashdod-Sea Fortress, Israel. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... Ashdod-Sea Fortress, Israel. ... Kalat Al Mina is Fatimid citadel in Ashdod-Sea site on the southern coast of moder city of Ashdod. ... The Byzantine Dromon, the heaviest ship in the Byzantine fleet, capable of carrying up to 300 men; 230 oarsmen and 70 marines. ...


The Fatimids established shore fortresses and village on the Tell of Ashdod. The location of the village on Via Maris enhanced the city's importance during the Ottoman age. In 1596 CE, the population of Ashdod numbered about 413.[11] At the beginning of the twentieth century the village was known as Esdūd, with a population of about five thousand, specializing in agriculture and trade.[12] The Fatimid Empire or Fatimid Caliphate ruled North Africa from A.D. 909 to 1171. ... Tell Mar Elias, North Jordan in 2005 Tell or tall (Arabic: ‎, tall, and Hebrew: , tel), meaning hill or mound, is an archaeological site in the form of an earthen mound that results from the accumulation and subsequent erosion of material deposited by human occupation over long periods of time. ... Via Maris is an ancient trading route dating from the Early Bronze Age which linked Egypt with the northern empires of Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia - modern day Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria. ... For other uses, see Ottoman (disambiguation). ...


Biblical mentions

Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665), French. The Plague of Ashdod, 1630. Oil on canvas, 148 x 198 cm. Musée du Louvre, Paris, France, Giraudon/Bridgeman Art Library.
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665), French. The Plague of Ashdod, 1630. Oil on canvas, 148 x 198 cm. Musée du Louvre, Paris, France, Giraudon/Bridgeman Art Library.

According to the bible, during the 10th century BCE Ashdod became, along with all the kingdom of Philistia a patronage area of the Kingdom of Israel under the control of King David.[13] Judah's claim upon Ashdod is mentioned in the Book of Joshua (Joshua 15:46). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... (Redirected from 10th century BCE) (11th century BC - 10th century BC - 9th century BC - other centuries) (1000s BC - 990s BC - 980s BC - 970s BC - 960s BC - 950s BC - 940s BC - 930s BC - 920s BC - 910s BC - 900s BC - other decades) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events... The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ... 10th century BCE: The Land of Israel, including the United Kingdom of Israel Commonwealth of Israel redirects here. ... This page is about the Biblical king David. ... The Book of Joshua is the sixth book in both the Hebrew Tanakh and the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ...


In the Book of Samuel it is mentioned first (I Samuel 6:17) among the principal Philistine cities. After capturing the Ark of the covenant from Israelites, the Philistines took it to Ashdod, where it was placed in the temple of Dagon. The next morning Dagon was found prostrate, bowed down, before it; and on being restored to his place, he was on the following morning again found prostrate and broken. The people of Ashdod were smitten with boils; a plague[14] of mice was sent over the land (1 Samuel 6:5). The Books of Samuel, also referred to as [The Book of] Samuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל), are (two) books in the Hebrew Bible (Judaisms Tanakh and originally writtten in Hebrew) and the Old Testament of Christianity. ... The Philistine captivity of the Ark was an episode in the history of the Israelites, in which the Ark of the covenant was in the possession of the Philistines, who had captured it after defeating the Israelites in a battle at a location between Eben-ezer (where the Israelites encamped... The Ark of the Covenant (ארון הברית in Hebrew: aron habrit) is described in the Hebrew Bible as a sacred container, wherein rested the stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments as well as other sacred Israelite objects. ... Dagon was a major northwest Semitic god, reportedly a god of grain and agriculture, worshipped by the early Amorites, by the people of Ebla and Ugarit, and a major god, perhaps the chief god, of the Biblical Philistines, enemies of the ancient nation of Israel. ...


In the Book of Isaiah an Assyrian general named Tartan gained control of Ashdod in 711. (Isaiah 20:1) The Book of Isaiah (Hebrew: Sefer Yshayah ספר ישעיה) is one of the books of Judaisms Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, traditionally attributed to Isaiah. ... In the Middle Bronze Age Assyria was a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur (Akkadian: ; Hebrew: , Aramaic: ). Later, as a nation and empire that came to control all of the Fertile Crescent, Egypt and much of Anatolia, the term Assyria...


The capture of the city by King Uzziah shortly after 815 BCE is mentioned within the text of the Book of Chronicles (2 Chronicles 26:6) also mentioned in the Book of Zechariah (Zechariah 9:6) speaking of the false Jews. Uzziah of Judah was king of Judah, and one of Amaziahs sons, whom the people appointed to replace his father (2 Kings 14:21; 2 Chronicles 26:1). ... The Book of Chronicles is a book in the Hebrew Bible (also see Old Testament). ... The Book of Zechariah is a book of the Bible Old Testament and Jewish Tanakh attributed to the prophet Zechariah. ...


Modern times

Ashdod in 1957.
View of Begin blvd.
View of Begin blvd.
Beach in Ashdod
Beach in Ashdod
Neighborhood 15. Mediterranean style buildings.
Neighborhood 15. Mediterranean style buildings.

Immediately before the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Egyptian Army took over Isdud, and the city became the northern-most advancement point of the Egyptian forces. Egyptian and Israeli forces clashed in the surrounding area, with the Egyptians being halted at the Ad Halom bridge over the Lachish River. Israeli forces surrounded the city during Operation Yoav, and shelled and bombed it from the air.[15] Fearing encirclement, Egyptian forces retreated on October 28, 1948 with a majority of the city's residents. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 1. ... See Menachem Begin, the 6th Prime Minister of Israel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 811 KB) The beach of ashdod (Septermber 22nd, 2006) by Alex Milkis. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 811 KB) The beach of ashdod (Septermber 22nd, 2006) by Alex Milkis. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1465 KB) Ashdod, Israel. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1465 KB) Ashdod, Israel. ... Combatants  Israel, Foreign Volunteers Egypt, Syria, Transjordan,  Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Holy War Army, Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori, Yigael Yadin John Bagot Glubb, Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Hasan Salama, Fawzi Al-Qawuqji, Ahmed Ali al-Mwawi Strength  Israel: 29,677 initially rising to 115,000 by... The Egyptian Army is the largest service within the Egyptian military establishment. ... Ad Halom (עד הלום) is an area around the eastern entrance to the city of Ashdod, Israel. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Operation Yoav (also called Operation Ten Plagues or Operation Yoav) was an Israeli military operation carried out between October 15 - 22, 1948 in the Negev Desert in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Below is a list of villages depopulated during the Arab-Israeli conflict, many of them during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a Palestinian refugee is a refugee from Palestine created by the Palestinian Exodus, which Palestinian Arabs call the Nakba (Arabic: , meaning disaster or catastrophe). The United Nations definition of a Palestinian refugee is a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine between June 1946...


In 1953, surveyors and designers arrived at the desolate dunes near the mouth of Lachish River to choose a site to build a new power station in the south of the country (eventually "Eshkol A"). Its workers lived in the regional settlements Rehovot and Gedera. Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Oil power plant in Iraq A power station (also referred to as generating station or power plant) is a facility for the generation of electric power. ... The Eshkol Power Station is a power station supplying electrical power to the Shephelah region in Israel. ... Rehovot (Hebrew רְחוֹבוֹת ) is a city in the Center District of Israel, about 20 km south of Tel Aviv. ... Gedera, or Gadera (Hebrew: גדרה) is a local municipality in the Central District of Israel. ...


On May 1, 1956, then finance minister Levi Eshkol approved the establishment of a city of Ashdod. A daughter company of City-Builders Company Ltd., "Ashdod Company Ltd.", was created for that purpose by the end of the year by Oved Ben-Ami and Philipp Klotznik (USA). is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The finance minister is a cabinet position in a government. ... ▶(?) (Hebrew לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל ) (Born Levi Skolnick) (Hebrew לֵוִי שְׁקוֹלְנִיק) (October 25, 1895 - February 26, 1969), was the third Prime Minister of Israel from 1963 until his death of a heart attack in 1969. ...


The first settlers, twenty-two families of immigrants from Morocco arrived in November 1956, and a group of immigrants from Egypt joined them. In July 1957, the government granted a 40,000 dunam (40 km²) concession, approximately 32 km from Tel Aviv, to the Ashdod Company Ltd., for building the modern city of Ashdod. Moroccan Jews constitute an ancient community. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The building of the Eshkol A power station in Ashdod was completed in 1958 and included 3 units: 2 units of 50 MW, and one unit of 45 MW (with the ability of sea water desalination). The Eshkol Power Station is a power station supplying electrical power to the Shephelah region in Israel. ... Shevchenko BN350 desalination unit situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ...


The first local council was appointed in October 1959. Dov Gur was appointed on behalf of the Israeli Ministry of Interior as the first local council head. The Magistrates' Court in the city was inaugurated in 1963, and, in January 1965, a contract between Ashdod Company and the General Health Maintenance Organization was signed regarding establishment of a hospital with 500 beds on an area of 250 dunams (250,000 m²) -- a hospital which has yet to be established. The building of the port of Ashdod began in April 1961. The port was inaugurated in November 1963, and was utilized for the first time in November 1965 with the coming of the Swedish ship "Wiengelgad". In Israel, a local council is a locality similar to a city in structure and way of life, that has not yet achieved a status of a city, which requires a minimum number of residents, among other things. ... The Ministry of Interior in the State of Israel is one of Government offices that responsible among the rest for the local rule, the subject of citizenship and residency, teudot zehuts issue, entry visas publishing and visas for stying in the country, also the minestry of interior responsible for... Bedford Magistrates Court A Magistrates Court or court of petty sessions, formerly known as a police court, is the lowest level of court in England and Wales and many other common law jurisdictions. ... Port of Ashdod Cargo at the port The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port, processing approximately 60% of Israeli marine cargo. ...


In 1964 the Ponevezher Rov, Rabbi Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman established the Ponevezh development, the first Hareidi neighbourhood in Ashdod. In 1978 a joint Belz-Ger estate was established in Neighbourhood 3 (Rova Gimel). The Lev Simcha Talmud Torah in Ashdod is the largest cheder in Israel. Today, the Tolna Rebbe, Pittsburgher Rebbe, Neshchiz, and Melitzer Rebbes reside in Ashdod. Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman (1886-1969), was a Haredi Judaism rabbi and Rosh yeshiva of the Ponevezh yeshiva. ... Ponevezh yeshiva (ישיבת פוניבז) (or Pononvezh) is one of the most famous Haredi Talmudical yeshivas with roots among the Lithuanian Jews. ... Haredi or Chareidi Judaism is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ... The third Belzer Rebbe, Yissachar Dov Rokeach Belz (חסידות בעלז) is a Hasidic dynasty named after the town of Belz, a small town originally located in eastern Poland, presently in Ukraine. ... Ger, or Gur (or Gerrer when used as an adjective) is a large Hasidic dynasty originating from Gur, the Yiddish name of Góra Kalwaria, a small town in Poland. ... Talmud Torah is the Public free school for poor and orphaned boys, who are there given an elementary education in Hebrew, the Scriptures (especially the Pentateuch), and the Talmud (Halakah), and are thus prepared for the Yeshibah. ... Cheders (also known as Heders, Hebrew: room) are traditional elementary schools or classes teaching the basics of Judaism and the Hebrew language. ... Grand Rabbi Avraham Abba Leifer, previous Pittsburger Rebbe, a scion of the Nadvorna dynasty Grand Rabbi Mordechai Issacar Ber Leifer, the Pittsburger Rebbe of Ashdod, E. Israel, a scion of the Nadvorna dynasty Pittsburg, Israel is a Hasidic dynasty lead by Grand Rabbi Mordechai Issachar Ber Leifer of Pittsburg and...


The explosive growth of the city began in 1991, with the massive arrival of immigrants from the Soviet Union and infrastructure development. From 1990 to 2001 the city accepted more than 100,000 new inhabitants, a 150% growth. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Planned City

The modern city of Ashdod city was built outside of the Ashdod historic sites on virgin sands. The development over the years followed a main development plan[16]. The planners divided the city into seventeen neighborhoods of ten to fifteen thousand people each. Wide avenues between the neighborhoods make traffic flow relatively freely inside the city. Each neighborhood has easy access to its own commercial center, urban park, and health and education infrastructure. The plan also called for a business and administrative center, but this had to wait until the mid-1990s when the city population grew rapidly, more than doubling in ten years.[17] The development plan is an aspect of Town and country planning in the United Kingdom comprising a set of documents, which set out the Local Authorities policies and proposals for the development and use of land in their area. ... A child running in a urban park An urban park, also known as a municipal park, is a park that is built in cities and other incorporated places to offer recreation and green space to residents of and visitors to the municipality. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Three industrial zones were placed adjacent to the port in the northern part of the city, taking into account the prevailing southern winds which take air pollution out of the city. The plan had its problems, however, including asymmetric growth of upscale and poorer neighborhoods and the long-time lack of a main business and administrative center. Industrial district was initially introduced as a term to describe an area where workers of a monolithic heavy industry (ship-building, coal mining, steel, ceramics, etc) live within walking-distance of their places of work. ... Air pollution is a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent that modifies the natural characteristics of the atmosphere. ...


The city was planned for a maximum of 250,000 inhabitants, and an additional area in the south was reserved for further development. However, the southern border of the city was proclaimed a national nature reserve, Ashdod Nitzanim Sand Dune Park, which makes future city growth problematic, with the last of the seventeen neighborhoods of the development plan now under construction. It has been suggested that Reserve design be merged into this article or section. ... Ashdod Nitzanim Sand Dune Park is a psammosere ecosystem located close to the city of Ashdod on the Israeli Coastal Plain near the Mediterranean sea. ...


Climate

Ashdod has a mediterranean climate with hot summers, pleasant spring and autumn, and cool, rainy winters. Humidity tends to be high all year round, and rain occurs usually between October to May. In winter, temperatures seldom drop below 5°C and are more likely to be in the region of 10° to 15°C, while in summer the average is 27°C. The average annual rainfall is 510 millimetres. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Weather averages for Ashdod
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 17.2 (63.0) 17.5 (63.5) 19.7 (67.5) 24.6 (76.3) 27.4 (81.3) 29.5 (85.1) 30.8 (87.4) 31.1 (88.0) 30.2 (86.4) 27.9 (82.2) 23.6 (74.5) 19.2 (66.6)
Average low °C (°F) 8.1 (46.6) 8.0 (46.4) 9.3 (48.7) 11.9 (53.4) 14.8 (58.6) 18.0 (64.4) 20.6 (69.1) 21.4 (70.5) 20.1 (68.2) 17.5 (63.5) 13.1 (55.6) 9.8 (49.6)
Precipitation mm (inch) 127.9 (51.0) 98.6 (39.3) 61.4 (24.5) 17.8 (7.1) 3.0 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2.3 (0.9) 19.0 (7.6) 69.8 (27.8) 114.7 (45.7)
Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics [18][19]

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ...

Economy

Industry

The Laser Light Tower in the city center
The Laser Light Tower in the city center
Sea mall main entrance
Sea mall main entrance

Ashdod is one of the most important industrial centers in Israel. All industrial activities in the city are located in northern areas such as the port area, the northern industrial zone, and around the Lachish River. The port of Ashdod is the largest port in Israel, handling about sixty percent of Israel's port cargo. It was mainly upgraded in recent years and will be able to provide berths for Panamax ships.[20] Various shipping companies offices are also located in the port area which also is home to a Eshkol A power station and coal terminal. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Port of Ashdod The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port. ... The two ships seen here seem almost to be touching the walls of the Miraflores Locks. ... The Eshkol Power Station is a power station supplying electrical power to the Shephelah region in Israel. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


The Northern industrial zone is located on Highway 41 and includes various industry including an oil refinery, which is one of only two in the country. The heavy industry zone located south of the Lachish River was once the main industrial center in Ashdod. Recently, however, leisure facilities have moved into the area. There is still some industry here, however, such as a Teva Pharmaceutical Industries plant, construction components producer Ashtrom, and Solbar a soybean oil producer. Ashdod is also home to Elta, a part of Israel Aircraft Industries where radar equipment, electronic warfare systems, and ELINT are developed. View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. ... Binomial name (L.) Merr. ... ELTA is Lithuanian news agency based in capital Vilnius. ... Israel Aircraft Industries or IAI is Israels prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. ... For other uses, see Radar (disambiguation). ... // Electronic warfare (EW) is the use of the electromagnetic spectrum to effectively deny the use of this phenomena by an adversary, while optimizing its use by friendly forces. ... ELINT stands for ELectronic INTelligence, and refers to intelligence-gathering by use of electronic sensors. ...


Shopping

Historically each neighborhood of Ashdod had its own commercial center and at different times some of these centers became the main shopping areas of the city such as Rogozin St. during the 1980's. In 1990, however, when the mall culture developed in Israel, the main commercial activity in Ashdod moved to malls. Look up Mall in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The first mall to open in Ashdod was the Forum Center which was built in the industrial zone and was very popular until additional malls were built in the residential neighborhoods. Restaurants, bars and night clubs were opened in the area which is one of the most popular recreation zones in the city. Today, the Forum center is mainly used for offices.


Lev Ashdod Mall was opened in 1993 and soon became the most poular shopping and recreation place among the population of Ashdod. The mall has been extended and upgraded in the years since opening. Lev Ashdod Mall was followed two years later by Ashdod Mall which opened in 1995 and was at the time the biggest mall in the city. Despite this fact, however, it was not successful and is currently being redesigned.


City Mall was opened in a combined building with the central bus station, following the examples of the Tel Aviv Central Bus Station and the Jerusalem Central Bus Station. Due to its location in the city center it is highly popular and was upgraded in 2007. The Tel Aviv Central Bus Station is the primary bus station in Tel Aviv, Israel. ... The Jerusalem Central Bus Station Jerusalem Central Bus Station is the main bus depot in Jerusalem, Israel. ...


The Sea Mall is a three floor mall which now the largest in the city. It is located in a modern building near the government offices and also has a climbing wall and cinema.


Finally, Star Center is a new mall which has proven to be popular to the extent that it is will double in size in 2007.


Transportation

Roads

The view toward marina
The view toward marina

Ashdod is located on the historic Via Maris. Highway 4 was developed following this route along the southern sea shore of Israel; it serves as the main connection to the north, towards the Tel Aviv metropolitan area, and to the south, towards Ashkelon. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Blue Marina in Ashdod In building Blue Marina in Ashdod is a newest one in Israel. ... Via Maris is an ancient trading route dating from the Early Bronze Age which linked Egypt with the northern empires of Syria, Anatolia and Mesopotamia - modern day Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria. ... Highway 4 (Hebrew: , Kvish 4) is an Israeli highway that runs along Israels entire coastal plain of the Mediterranean Sea, its rout is from the Erez Border Crossing with the Gaza Strip to Rosh Hanikra border crossing with Lebanon. ... Gush Dan (Hebrew: גּוּשׁ דָּן, Standard Hebrew GuÅ¡ Dan) is the name of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area including areas from both the Tel Aviv District and the Central District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast. ... Hebrew אַשְׁקְלוֹן (Standard) AÅ¡qÉ™lon Arabic عسقلان Founded in 1951 Government City Also Spelled Ashqelon (officially) District South Population 105,100 (2004) Jurisdiction 55,000 dunams (55 km²) Mayor Roni Mahatzri Ashkelon (Hebrew: ‎; Tiberian Hebrew ʾAÅ¡qÉ™lôn; Arabic: ‎  ; Latin: Ascalon) is a city in the western Negev, in the...


Ad Halom junction was planned as the main entrance to the city from the east.[21] The junction was poorly planned and built, including a grade-level railway crossing less than 100 meters from the intersection with Highway 4 and a dangerous intersection with the nearby railway station's access road, and it currently suffers from heavy congestion. An interchange is under construction,[22] planned to open in 2009. The interchange is intended to continue the freeway section of Highway 4 further south by removing the traffic light at this junction, and it will also utilize grade separation with the railway. Ad Halom (עד הלום) is an area around the eastern entrance to the city of Ashdod, Israel. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... An interchange is a location where two things meet, usually perform some kind of exchange, and possibly go on their ways again. ... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ...


The other main road in the area is Highway 41 which served the city from the start of its modern history. This road runs from west to east towards Gedera and it is the main transport link to the port of Ashdod and the industrial zones, and connects to Highway 4 with an interchange. Gedera, or Gadera (Hebrew: גדרה) is a local municipality in the Central District of Israel. ... Port of Ashdod The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port. ...


Railroad

Main article: Ashdod Ad Halom Railway Station

The passenger railroad connection to Ashdod opened in 1992 after the renovation of the historical railway to Egypt. Ashdod railway station is on Israel Railways' Binyamina/Netanya - Tel Aviv - Ashkelon line and it is located near Ad Halom Junction. The station was upgraded in 2005 when a new terminal building was built. The station is modern and has all the usual facilities, but road access to it is old and clumsy. A new access road is currently under construction. Ad Halom (‎) is an area around the eastern entrance to the city of Ashdod, Israel. ... Israel Railways Logo Israel Railways (Hebrew: רכבת ישראל Rakévet Yisraél) is Israels government-owned national railway company and is responsible for all inter-city and suburban railway passenger and freight traffic in the country. ... Binyamina (Hebrew: בינימינה) is a place in the north west of Israel, near the Mediterranean, south of Haifa and north of Netanya. ... Early morning in Netanya, Israel Netanya (Hebrew: נְתַנְיָה, Standard Hebrew NÉ™tanya) is a city in the Center District of Israel and is the capital of the Sharon plain. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Hebrew אַשְׁקְלוֹן (Standard) AÅ¡qÉ™lon Arabic عسقلان Founded in 1951 Government City Also Spelled Ashqelon (officially) District South Population 105,100 (2004) Jurisdiction 55,000 dunams (55 km²) Mayor Roni Mahatzri Ashkelon (Hebrew: ‎; Tiberian Hebrew ʾAÅ¡qÉ™lôn; Arabic: ‎  ; Latin: Ascalon) is a city in the western Negev, in the... Ad Halom (עד הלום) is an area around the eastern entrance to the city of Ashdod, Israel. ...


There is also heavy freight traffic in the area. Port of Ashdod has its own railway branch line as well as a special terminal for potash brought from the Sodom area and exported abroad. Port of Ashdod The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port. ... A branch line is a relatively minor railway line which branches off a more important through route. ... Potash Potash (or carbonate of potash) is an impure form of potassium carbonate (K2CO3) mixed with other potassium salts. ... Sodom can refer to: Sodom and Gomorrah, Biblical cities Sodom (band), a German thrash metal band Sodom, an album by the band Sodom Sodom (Final Fight), a character from Street Fighter and Final Fight Il Sodoma, an Italian Mannerist painter (1477-1549) Sodom, South Georgia, a song by Iron & Wine...

The central bus station
The central bus station

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Buses

The new central bus station opened in 1996. It serves as the terminus both for inter- and intracity lines. The building also includes a small but popular shopping mall. The bus lines connect the city with all major population centers in Israel. These routes are served by Connex, Metropoline, and the Egged Bus Cooperative. For other meanings, see Bus stop (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Connex may refer to: a brand name used by Veolia Transport a ficticious energy company in the film Syriana an earlier name of Vodafone Romania a private operator of the suburban railway system in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Connex Melbourne Category: ... Metropoline is an Israeli intercity bus company which provides bus service between Tel Aviv and Beer Sheva. ... Egged A bendy city bus in Israel. ...


Sea Transport

There is a passenger pier in the Port of Ashdod. The traffic at this gateway is constantly growing, especially due to cruise ship activities. The other sea gateway is the newly opened Blue Marina. Port of Ashdod Cargo at the port The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port, processing approximately 60% of Israeli marine cargo. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... Blue Marina in Ashdod In building Blue Marina in Ashdod is a newest one in Israel. ...


Demographics

Population

Year Population
1961 4,600[23]
1972 40,300
1983 65,700[24]
1990 83,900
1995 125,820
1996 137,100
2000 174,224
2001 187,000
2003 192,200[25]
2006 204,400

According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Ashdod had a population of about 204,400 at the end of 2006, making it the fifth largest city in Israel.[26] The annual population growth rate is 2.6% and the ratio of women to men is 1,046 to 1,000. Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ...


The population age distribution was recorded as 19.7% under the age of 10, 15.7% from age 10 to 19, 14.9% from 20 to 29, 19.1% from 30 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% were 65 or older. The population of Ashdod is significantly younger than the Israeli average because of the large number of young couples living in the city.


The city is ranked medium-low in socio-economic grading, with a rating of 4 out of 10. 56.1% of 12th grade students in Ashdod were eligible for matriculation certificates in 2000. The average salary in 2000 was NIS 4,821 compared to the national average of NIS 6,835. 1 sheqel coin (1994–5). ... 1 sheqel coin (1994–5). ...


Origins

Ashdod, like many Israeli cities, has seen much of its growth as the result of absorption of immigrants. The first major group to move to the city were Jews of Moroccan and Egyptian descent. In the 1960s Ashdod accepted a large number of immigrants from Romania, followed by a large number from Georgia and India in the 1970s. More than 60,000 Jews immigrated to Ashdod from the former Soviet Union in the early 1990s. Recent demographic figures suggest that about 32%[27] of the city's population are new immigrants, 85% of whom are originally from the former Soviet Union. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

LaMimunia Moroccan culture center.
LaMimunia Moroccan culture center.

During the 1990s the city absorbed a large number of Jews of Ethiopian descent, and in more recent years Ashdod has absorbed a large number of immigrants from France and Argentina. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Ashdod also receives a significant amount of internal migration, especially from the Gush Dan region. Gush Dan (Hebrew: גּוּשׁ דָּן, Standard Hebrew Guš Dan) is the name of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area including areas from both the Tel Aviv District and the Central District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast. ...


Religion

Over 95% of Ashdod's population is Jewish, over 30% of whom are religiously observant. Despite this, the city is generally secular, although most of the non-Jewish population is a result of mixed marriages. The large Haredi community of the city live mainly in Neighborhood 7 (Rova Za'in) which is specially dedicated for their needs with Talmud Torah, Cheder, Mikvah and other religious institutions. Haredi Judaism, also called ultra-Orthodox Judaism, is the most theologically conservative form of Judaism. ... Talmud Torah is the Public free school for poor and orphaned boys, who are there given an elementary education in Hebrew, the Scriptures (especially the Pentateuch), and the Talmud (Halakah), and are thus prepared for the Yeshibah. ... Cheders (also known as Heders, Hebrew: room) are traditional elementary schools or classes teaching the basics of Judaism and the Hebrew language. ... Mikvah (or mikveh) (Hebrew: מִקְוָה, Standard Tiberian  ; plural: mikvaot or mikvot) is a specially constructed pool of water used for total immersion in a purification ceremony within Judaism. ...


Ashdod is home to a wide range of synagogues, catering to the religious diversity of its population. The city is home to the world's largest[28] Karaite community, about five thousand strong. There is also a Protestant church, which mostly serves the Scandinavian seamen who arrive at the port. Karaite Judaism is a Jewish denomination characterized by reliance on the Tanakh as the sole scripture, and rejection of the Oral Law (the Mishnah and the Talmuds) as halakha (Legally Binding, i. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... Port of Ashdod Cargo at the port The Port of Ashdod is Israels main cargo port, processing approximately 60% of Israeli marine cargo. ...

Government

City Hall
City Hall

The Ashdod City Council has twenty-five elected members, one of whom is the mayor. The mayor serves a five-year term and appoints six deputies. The current mayor of Ashdod, Zvi Zilker was last elected in 2003 and has been in office continuously since 1989.[29] Within the city council there are various factions representing different population groups, both secular and religious. The headquarters of the Ashdod Municipality and the mayor's office are at city hall. This new municipal building is located in the main culture and business area. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Mayors

  • Robert Hayim was chosen to the council chairmanship in the first municipal elections, in 1961.
  • 1963 - Avner Garin
  • 1969 - Zvi Zilker
  • 1983 - Aryeh Azulay
  • 1989 - Zvi Zilker

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Aryeh Azulay (‎, born 1933) was the third mayor of Ashdod. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Culture

Music and theatre

Ashdod is home to the Israeli Andalusian Orchestra which performs music originating in Andalusia, a blend of Western and Arabic music. The orchestra was awarded the Israel Prize in 2006. Andalusian classical music is a style of classical music found across North Africa, though it evolved out of the music of Andalusia between the 10th and 15th centuries. ... Motto: Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia by herself, for Spain, and for humankind) Capital Seville Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87,268 km²  17. ... The Israel Prize is the most prestigious award handed out by the State of Israel. ...


The ACADMA conservatory, a professional educational institute for music and peformance studies is based in Ashdod. Operated under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, the institute was established in 1966, and serves as a home for 600 young musicians in different fields. The conservatory is a vivacious and vigorous center of the music and the culture life in the city, and it is involved in the community life and educates a second generation of musicians made in Ashdod. A university school of music or college of music, or academy of music or conservatoire (British English) — also known as a conservatory (American English) or a conservatorium (Australian English) — is a higher education institution dedicated to teaching the art of music, including the playing of musical instruments, musical composition, musicianship...


The MonArt center is a newly opened performing arts center which has different art schools, studios and events. Theatre and concerts are hosted in several cultural venues; the most important are performed at Yad LaBanim concert hall. The new city concert hall is in its final building stages, and will enlarge capacity to 1600. A performing arts center, often abbreviated PAC, is a multi-use performance space that can be adapted for use by various types of the performing arts, including dance, music and theatre. ...

Museums and exhibitions

  • The Korin Maman Museum has a permanent archeology exhibition called "Philistian World" as well as various changing art exhibitions.[1]
  • Ashdod Art Museum located in the MonArt center, has 13 exhibition halls.[2]

Sports

Ashdod's football team, FC Ashdod represents the city in Ligat ha'Al, Israel's Premier League. The club is known for its successful soccer school. The city's top basketball team is Maccabi Ashdod. The men squad plays in Liga Leumit, Israel's second tier league, and the women squad plays in top division. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... FC Ashdod is an Israeli football club, playing in the port city of Ashdod. ... For Ligat haAl basketball, see Ligat Winner. ...


Ashdod plays host to many national and international sporting tournaments, including the annual Ashdod International Chess Festival.[30] The city has a cricket team, a rarity in Israel. It is run and organized by citizens of Indian descent. Like many coastal settlements in Israel, Ashdod's beaches is a venue for water sport, like as windsurfing, yachting, and SCUBA diving operating in the Marina area. Chess is a recreational and competitive game for two players. ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... Jews in India are a religious minority, living among Indias predominantly Hindu and Muslim populace. ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing gybe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii, one of the popular destinations for windsurfing. ... Yachting is a physical activity involving boats. ... Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ... Blue Marina in Ashdod In building Blue Marina in Ashdod is a newest one in Israel. ...


Ashdod has produced a number of famous sportsmen:

  • Haim Revivo - international soccer player
  • Alon Hazan - international soccer player
  • Vered Borochovsky - 2000 Sydney Olympics and 2004 Summer Olympics swimmer.
  • Gocha Tzitziashvili - 2004 Summer Olympics wrestler

Haim Revivo (Hebrew: חיים רביבו) (born February 22, 1972 in Ashdod) is a retired Israeli football player. ... Alon Hazan (Hebrew: אלון חזן) (born September 14, 1967) is a former Israeli footballer who currently serves as coach and general manager for FC Ashdod. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Bah a Blanca is a city in eastern Argentina in Buenos Aires Province and a seaport at the head of the Bah Blanca (White Bay - an arm of the Atlantic Ocean). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For the 1980s New Wave group, see Spandau Ballet. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida. ...

References

  1. ^ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics estimate as of the end of June 2006 (July 2005). TABLE 3. - POPULATION(1) OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING ABOVE 1,000 RESIDENTS (Excel). CBS.
  2. ^ M. Dotan (1990). Ashdod - Seven levels of excavations (in Hebrew). Israel: SPNI Ashdod branch, p.91. 
  3. ^ B.Frenkel (1990). The Philistines (in Hebrew). Israel: SPNI Ashdod branch, p.119. 
  4. ^ Mordechai Cogan (1993). Judah under Assyrian Hegemony: A Reexamination of Imperialism and Religion. Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol. 112, No. 3, pp.403-414. 
  5. ^ Iran Chamber Society (2001). A brief history of Iranian Jews.
  6. ^ J. Kaplan (1990). Yamani stronghold in Ashdod-Sea (in Hebrew). Israel: SPNI Ashdod branch, p.125. 
  7. ^ Isaiah 20:1
  8. ^ H. Tadmor (1966). Philistia under Assyrian Rule. The Biblical Archaeologist, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp.86-102. 
  9. ^ at 4:1, 13:23, etc.
  10. ^ H. Wilckner (1898). Geschichte Israels (1898), p.224. 
  11. ^ A. Petersen, The Towns of Palestine under Muslim Rule AD 600-1600. (BAR International Series 1381, 2005), p133.
  12. ^ PalestineRemembered.com reference Benny Morris and Walid al-Halidi. Wellcome to Isdud.
  13. ^ This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain.
  14. ^ (2006) Plague in Ashdod. Art and Images in Psychiatry. Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 63, No. 3. 
  15. ^ Carta Jerusalem (2003). Battle Sites in the Land of Israel (in Hebrew). Israel: Carta, p. 24. ISBN 965-220-494-3. 
  16. ^ The Society of Protection of Nature in Israel, Ashdod branch. Development Plan for city of Ashdod (.pdf).(Hebrew)
  17. ^ Knesset The Center for Research and Information (April 2001). Data of population in the city of Ashdod (Word).
  18. ^ Monthly Average of Daily Maximum and Minimum Temperature. Statistical Abstract of Israel 2006. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.
  19. ^ Precipitation. Statistical Abstract of Israel 2006. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.
  20. ^ Ashdod Port Development, Israel port-technology.com
  21. ^ J. Herz U. Fogel (1990). New lineation plan to the city of Ashdod (in Hebrew). Israel: SPNI Ashdod branch, p.29. 
  22. ^ Press release Dec 2005
  23. ^ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Israel in Figures, Population.
  24. ^ City Population. The districts of Israel and all Israeli cities of more than 20,000 inhabitants.
  25. ^ Jewish Virtual Library. Latest Population Figures for Israel.
  26. ^ Israel Central Bureau of Statistics estimate as of the end of June 2006 (July 2005). TABLE 3. - POPULATION(1) OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING ABOVE 1,000 RESIDENTS (Excel). CBS.
  27. ^ Ashdod Municipality. Absorption and immigration.
  28. ^ Last Days Reporters. 7 Stages of the beginning of Judaism.
  29. ^ Local council elections 2003 results. Haaretz (October 29, 2003). (Hebrew)
  30. ^ Ashdod International Chess festival

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ... Ashdod-Sea Fortress, Israel. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ... Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה) is a state organization for the creation and maintenance of numeric data related to populations vis-à-vis the ethnic makeup of Israel and its cities. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Ashdod official website
  • Ashdod Port official website
  • Ashdod Local News (in Hebrew)
  • Ashdod City Promo Video (Hebrew)
  • Ashdod Image Gallery
  • From Isdud to Ashdod: One man's immigrant dream; another's refugee nightmare
  • The Israeli Andalusit Orchestra

Coordinates: 31°48′N, 34°39′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Ashdod - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1724 words)
Ashdod (Hebrew: אַשְׁדּוֹד; Arabic: إسدود‎) is a city in the Southern District of Israel.
The Pittsburgher Rebbe of Ashdod, a scion of the Nadvorna Dynasty
The Tolna Rebbe, Pittsburgher Rebbe, Neshchiz, and Melitzer Rebbes reside in Ashdod.
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