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Encyclopedia > Aschaffenburg
Aschaffenburg
Coat of arms Location
Administration
Country Flag of Germany Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Lower Franconia
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 10 districts
Lord Mayor Klaus Herzog (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 62.57 km² (24 sq mi)
Elevation 138 m  (453 ft)
Population 69,863  (30/12/2006)
 - Density 1,117 /km² (2,892 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate AB
Postal codes 63701–63743
Area codes 06021,06028
Website www.aschaffenburg.de

Coordinates: 49°58′″N 9°09′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator Image File history File links Wappen_Aschaffenburg. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria (seven regions), Germany (32 regions). ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... SPD redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Aschaffenburg (IPA: [aˈʃafənbʊʁk]; dialect: [ˈaʒəˌbɜːʃ]) is a large town in northwest Bavaria, Germany. It is located on the right bank of the Main at the foot of the Spessart. The town of Aschaffenburg is not considered part of the district of Aschaffenburg, but is the administrative seat. It is also known as the Tor zum Spessart or "gate to the Spessart." Although it is within Bavaria, the town inhabitants claim to be Franconians, not Bavarians. This is consistent with the attitude of the inhabitants of other parts of Franconia, all of which lies within the state of Bavaria. However, Aschaffenburg was never part of historical Franconia, it belonged to the Archbishopric of Mainz. The inhabitants neither speak Bavarian nor Franconian but rather a type of Hessian dialect. For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Main (disambiguation). ... The Spessart is a hill chain in northwestern Bavaria and southern Hesse, Germany. ... Aschaffenburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Spessart is a hill chain in northwestern Bavaria and southern Hesse, Germany. ... For other uses, see Franconia (disambiguation). ... Between 780–82 and 1802 the Archbishop of Mainz was an influential ecclesiastic and secular prince in the Holy Roman Empire. ...

Contents

History

Etymology

The name Aschaffenburg (Ascaffaburc, Ascapha or Ascaphaburg in the Middle Ages) originally meant "castle at the ash tree river" deriving from the river Aschaff that runs through parts of the town.


Brief history

Schloss Johannisburg reflecting in the river Main at night
Schloss Johannisburg reflecting in the river Main at night

The earliest remains of settlements in the area of Aschaffenburg go back to the Stone Age. Aschaffenburg, called in the Middle Ages Ascaffaburc, Ascapha or Ascaphaburg, was originally a settlement of the Alamanni. Roman legions also had their station here, and on the ruins of their castra the Frankish mayors of the palace built a castle. Saint Boniface erected a chapel to Saint Martin, and founded a Benedictine monastery. A stone bridge over the Main was built by Archbishop Willigis in 989. Adalbert increased the importance the town in various ways about 1122. In 1292 a synod was held here, and in 1474 an imperial diet, preliminary to that of Vienna, in which the concordat was decided which has therefore sometimes been called the Aschaffenburg Concordat. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Main (disambiguation). ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Area settled by the Alamanni, and sites of Roman-Alamannic battles, 3rd to 6th century The Alamanni, Allemanni, or Alemanni were originally an alliance of west Germanic tribes located around the upper Main, a river that is one of the largest tributaries of the Rhine, on land that is today... The Roman Legion (from Latin , from lego, legere, legi, lectus — to collect) is a term that can apply both as a transliteration of legio (conscription or army) to the entire Roman army and also, more narrowly (and more commonly), to the heavy infantry that was the basic military unit of... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... Mayor of the Palace was an early medieval title and office, also known by the Latin name, maior domus or majordomo, used most notably in the Frankish kingdoms in the 7th and 8th centuries. ... For the Roman general of this name, see Bonifacius. ... St. ... For the college, see Benedictine College. ... For the video game developers, see 989 Studios. ... Events Resolution of Investiture Controversy in the Concordat of Worms Pierre Abélard writes Sic et Non Births Ben Lancaster, Gradutate, Dynamite dancer. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


The town suffered greatly during the Thirty Years' War, being held in turn by the various belligerents. In 1842-1849, King Ludwig I of Bavaria built himself to the west of the town a country house, Pompejanum, so called from its being an imitation of the house of Castor and Pollux at Pompeii. In 1866 the Prussians inflicted a severe defeat on the Austrians in the neighbourhood during the Austro-Prussian War. Combatants Sweden  Bohemia Denmark-Norway (Until 1643) Dutch Republic France Scotland England Saxony  Holy Roman Empire ( Catholic League) Spain Austria Bavaria Commanders Frederick V Buckingham Leven Gustav II Adolf â€  Johan Baner Cardinal Richelieu Louis II de Bourbon Turenne Christian IV of Denmark Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Johann Georg I of... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ludwig I (or Louis I, which is the French form of his name, his godfather was Louis XVI of France) (Strasbourg, August 25, 1786 – February 29, 1868 in Nice) was king of Bavaria from 1825 until the 1848 revolutions in the German states. ... In Greek mythology, Castor (or Kastor) and Polydeuces (sometimes called Pollux) were the twin sons of Leda and the brothers of Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. ... For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead...


In World War II Aschaffenburg was heavily damaged by Allied area bombing, including Schloss Johannisburg. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Strategic bombing during World War II was greater in scale than any wartime attack the world had previously witnessed. ... Schloss Johannisburg in Aschaffenburg The castle Schloss Johannisburg in Aschaffenburg was erected between 1605 and 1614 by Georg Ridinger. ...


The county district of Aschaffenburg, deriving its name from the town, consisted an area of 1694 km². It formed part of the electorate of the Archbishop of Mainz, and in 1803 was made over to the chancellor, Archbishop Charles of Dalberg. In 1806 it was annexed to the grand duchy of Frankfurt; and in 1814 was transferred to Bavaria, by virtue of a treaty concluded between that power and Austria. Within Unterfranken, it now forms a part of the Bundesland of Bavaria. Aschaffenburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Between 780/82 AD and 1802 AD the Archbishop of Mainz, was an influential ecclesiastic and secular prince of the middle ages. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Much of the recent sociological debate on power revolves around the issue of the constraining and/or enabling nature of power. ... Unterfranken (Lower Franconia) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria (seven regions), Germany (32 regions). ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


Sights

Schönbusch Manor in the Schönbusch Park
Schönbusch Manor in the Schönbusch Park

Its chief buildings are the Schloss Johannisburg, built (1605-1614) by Archbishop Schweikard von Kronberg, which contains a library with a number of incunabula, a collection of engravings and paintings; the Stiftskirche basilica, founded in 974 by Otto of Swabia, duke of Bavaria, but dating in the main from the early 12th century on, in which are preserved various monuments by the Vischers, a sarcophagus with the relics of Saint Margaret, and a famous painting by Matthias Grünewald; the Capuchin hospital; a theatre, which was formerly a house of the Teutonic Order; and several mansions of the nobility. Image File history File linksMetadata Schönbusch6. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Schönbusch6. ... Schloss Johannisburg in Aschaffenburg The castle Schloss Johannisburg in Aschaffenburg was erected between 1605 and 1614 by Georg Ridinger. ... 1605 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... A page from a rare Blackletter Bible (1497) printed in Strasbourg by J.R. Grueninger. ... Events Antipope Boniface VII succeeds Pope Benedict VI. The Byzantine Empire retakes Syria including Aleppo from the Abbasids. ... Germany, showing modern borders. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... VISCHER, the name of a family sculptors active in Nuremberg between 1453 and 1549, who contributed largely to the masterpieces of German art in the 15th and 16th centuries. ... Several Saints Margaret exist: Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque Saint Margaret of Cortona Saint Margaret of England Saint Margaret of Scotland Saint Margaret the Virgin Saint Margaret the Widow See also Margaret Sainte-Marguerite This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... The Crucifixion, central panel of the Isenheim Altarpiece Matthias Grünewald (1470-1528) is a highly regarded figure from the German Renaissance. ... The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (OFM Cap) is an order of friars in the Roman Catholic Church, among the chief offshoots of the Franciscans. ... For the state, see Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. ...


The graves of Clemens Brentano and his brother Christian Brentano (died 1851) and that of Wilhelm Heinse are on the Altstadtfriedhof.[1]

Clemens Brentano, or Klemens Brentano (September 8, 1778 – July 28, 1842) was a German poet and novelist. ... Christian Brentano was brother of Clemens Brentano, a famous German poet of the Romantic school. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Wilhelm Heinse (Johann Jakob) Wilhelm Heinse (February 16, 1749 - June 22, 1803), German author, was born at Langewiesen near Ilmenau in Thuringia. ...


Aschaffenburg was the location of several United States Army installations throughout the Cold War. The US Army occupied facilities formerly used and controlled by the Wehrmacht. The installation sites were known as Ready Kaserne, Smith Kaserne, Graves Kaserne, Fiori Kaserne, Engineer Kaserne and Jaeger Kasern, housing armour, infantry, engineer, maintenance and artillery elements of the US Army 3rd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division and various VII Corps elements including the 9th Engineer Brigade. Much of the US Army presence in Aschaffenburg ended in 1992 with the ending of the Cold War. The last bases were handed back in 2007. fick dich


Population

Historical population
of Aschaffenburg
Year Population
1939 48,042
1950 48,947
1961 58,433
1970 59,838
1987 60,964
2002 68,682
2004 68,703
2006 69,863

Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 ([[Rf 1970 == January 1 - The Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC January 2 - The last studio performance of The Beatles oman numerals|MCMLXX]]) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Town twinning

Aschaffenburg is twinned with:

Perth (Scottish Gaelic: ) is a royal burgh in central Scotland. ... This article is about the country. ... Nickname: Location of Miskolc in Hungary Coordinates: , Country Hungary Region Northern Hungary County Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Town since 1365 City since 1909 Urban county since 1970 Government  - Mayor Sándor Káli (MSZP) Area  - City 236. ... Coordinates Administration Country Region ÃŽle-de-France Department Yvelines (sous-préfecture) Arrondissement Saint-Germain-en-Laye Canton Chief town of 2 cantons Intercommunality none as of 2005 Mayor Emmanuel Lamy (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 22 m–107 m (avg. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.1911encyclopedia.org http://www.1911encyclopedia.org
  2. ^ "Am Ufer des Flusses Tay, im Herzen Schottlands und nicht weit entfernt von den Highlands, liegt Perth, die Fair City. Einstmals Schottlands Hauptstadt" , Stadt Aschaffenburg official website, accessed 24 May 2007
  3. ^ "Perth is situated in the heart of Scotland", Perth City official website, accessed 24 May 2007

External links

  • Official Website (German, English, French, Italian, Hebrew)
  • Webcam Aschaffenburg Beautiful live view on Schloss Johannisburg, Pompeiianum and the river Main
  • Aschaffenburg Visitor Guide Tourist attractions in Aschaffenburg

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aschaffenburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (570 words)
The city of Aschaffenburg is not included in the district of Aschaffenburg, but is its administrative seat.
Aschaffenburg, called in the Middle Ages Ascapha or Ascaphaburg, was originally a Roman settlement.
Historical Population of Aschaffenburg: 1939: 48,042 1950: 48,947 1961: 58,433 1970: 59,838 1987: 60,964 2002: 68,682 2004: 68,703
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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