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Encyclopedia > Ascending aorta
Artery: Ascending aorta
Plan of the branches.
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Latin aorta ascendens
Gray's subject #142
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Vein
MeSH [1]
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The arch of the aorta, and its branches.

The ascending aorta is about 5 cm. in length. It commences at the upper part of the base of the left ventricle, on a level with the lower border of the third costal cartilage behind the left half of the sternum; it passes obliquely upward, forward, and to the right, in the direction of the heart’s axis, as high as the upper border of the second right costal cartilage, describing a slight curve in its course, and being situated, about 6 cm. behind the posterior surface of the sternum. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Figure 1 : Anterior surface of sternum and costa cartilages. ... Figure 1 : Anterior surface of sternum and costa cartilages. ...


At its origin it presents, opposite the segments of the aortic valve, three small dilatations called the aortic sinuses. The aortic valve is one of the valves of the heart. ...


At the union of the ascending aorta with the aortic arch the caliber of the vessel is increased, owing to a bulging of its right wall. The arch of the aorta, and its branches. ...


This dilatation is termed the bulb of the aorta, and on transverse section presents a somewhat oval figure. AORTA can also mean always-on real-time access, referring to WAN computer networks. ...


The ascending aorta is contained within the pericardium, and is enclosed in a tube of the serous pericardium, common to it and the pulmonary artery. The pericardium is a double-walled sac that contains the heart and the roots of the great vessels. ... The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ...


Relations

The ascending aorta is covered at its commencement by the trunk of the pulmonary artery and the right auricula, and, higher up, is separated from the sternum by the pericardium, the right pleura, the anterior margin of the right lung, some loose areolar tissue, and the remains of the thymus; posteriorly, it rests upon the left atrium and right pulmonary artery. The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ...


On the right side, it is in relation with the superior vena cava and right atrium, the former lying partly behind it; on the left side, with the pulmonary artery. The brachiocephalic veins, superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, azygos vein and their tributaries. ... This page is about the muscular organ, the Heart. ...


Branches

The only branches of the ascending aorta are the two coronary arteries which supply the heart; they arise near the commencement of the aorta immediately above the attached margins of the semilunar valves.


External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. GPnotebook is a British medical database for general practitioners (GPs. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

Arteries edit

pulmonary - aorta - ascending aorta - aortic arch - brachiocephalic - carotid - common carotid (Gray's s141-Gray's s143) Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. ... The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ... AORTA can also mean always-on real-time access, referring to WAN computer networks. ... The arch of the aorta, and its branches. ... The brachiocephalic artery (or trunk) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head. ... In human anatomy, the carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. ... Left Common Carotid Artery- One of three arteries that originate along the aortic arch. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


EXTERNAL CAROTID: lingual - facial - occipital - stylomastoid - superficial temporal artery - maxillary - middle meningeal | (Gray's s144) The carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. ... The Facial artery is an artery that supplies blood to several cranial structures. ... occipital artery ... Arteries of the neck - right side. ... The maxillary artery is the larger of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery. ... The middle meningeal artery is typically the first branch of the first part (retromandibular part) of the maxillary artery; one of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


INTERNAL CAROTID: ophthalmic - retinal - middle cerebral | (Gray's s146) The carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck that supplies blood to the head and neck. ... The opthalmic artery is a branch of the internal carotid artery which supplies branches to supply the eye and other structures in the orbit: Central retinal artery Supraorbital artery Supratrochlear artery Lacrimal artery Dorsal nasal artery Short posterior ciliary arteries Long posterior ciliary arteries Posterior ethmoidal artery Anterior ethmoidal artery... The retinal artery or central retinal artery comes off the ophthalmic artery, running inferior to the optic nerve within its dural sheath to the eyeball. ... The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is one of the three major arteries that supplies blood to the brain. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


CIRCLE OF WILLIS: anterior cerebral - anterior communicating - posterior cerebral - posterior communicating | (Gray's s147) Circle of Willis in the human brain. ... The anterior cerebral artery supplies oxygen to most medial portions of frontal lobes and superior medial parietal lobes. ... The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. ... The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. ... The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


SUBCLAVIAN: vertebral - anterior spinal - posterior inferior cerebellar - internal thoracic - superior epigastric - basilar | ((Gray's s148) The subclavian artery is a major artery of the upper thorax that mainly supplies blood to the head and arms. ... The vertebral arteries are branches of the subclavian arteries. ... In human anatomy, the anterior spinal artery is the blood vessel that supplies the anterior portion of the spinal cord. ... The posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is one of the three main arterial blood supplies for the cerebellum. ... Right internal thoracic artery and its branches. ... Superior epigastric artery, internal thoracic artery and inferior epigastric artery. ... The basilar artery is one of the arteries which the brain supplies with oxygen-rich blood. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


AXILLA: axillary (lateral thoracic - subscapular - thoracoacromial - dorsal scapular) - brachial - radial - ulnar - posterior interosseous | (Gray's s149-Gray's s152) The armpit (or axilla) is the area on the human body directly under the area where the arm connects to the shoulder. ... Axillary artery and its branches - anterior view of right upper limb and thorax. ... Lateral thoracic artery and the axillary artery, with its other branches - anterior view of right upper limb and thorax. ... Axillary artery and its branches - anterior view of right upper limb and thorax. ... The thoracoacromial artery (a. ... The Dorsal scapular artery (or descending scapular artery) is a blood vessel which supplies the latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, rhomboids, and trapezius. ... The brachial artery is a blood vessel of the upper arm. ... Arteries of the right forearm - anterior view. ... Arteries of the right forearm - anterior view. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


DESCENDING AORTA: thoracic aorta - bronchial - abdominal aorta - celiac artery (left gastric - hepatic - common hepatic - gastroduodenal - gastroepiploic - splenic) - mesenteric (superior - inferior) - marginal - renal | (Gray's s153-Gray's s154) The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... Bronchial Artery The bronchial arteries supply nutrients and oxygen to the root of the lungs, the supporting tissues of the lungs, and the visceral pleura of the lungs. ... AORTA can also mean always-on real-time access, referring to WAN computer networks. ... celiac artery ... The left gastric artery arises from the coeliac trunk, and runs along the superior portion of the lesser curvature of the stomach, while the right gastric artery supplies the inferior portion. ... Hepatic artery is an artery that distributes blood to the liver, pancreas and gallbladder as well as to the stomach and duodenal portion of the small intestine. ... Branches of the celiac artery - stomach in situ. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... The superior mesenteric artery arises from the anterior surface of the aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the duodenum and pancreas to the left colic flexure. ... In anatomy, inferior mesenteric artery supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum. ... Frontal view of the abdominal aorta and the territory supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. ... Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The renal arteries normally arise off the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


ILIAC/FETAL: common iliac - internal iliac - internal pudendal - external iliac - inferior epigastric - artery of Adamkiewicz - umbilical | (Gray's s155-Gray's s156) The Iliac artery is one of the large arteries supplying blood to the pelvis and legs. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... Internal pudental artery is the terminal branch of the anterior trunk of the internal iliac artery which supplies the external genitalia. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... Right inferior epigastric artery - view from inside of abdomen. ... In human anatomy, the artery of Adamkiewicz, also major anterior segmental medullary artery and great anterior segmental medullary artery, is the largest anterior segmental medullary artery. ... Umbilical arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta in the umbilical cord. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


LEGS: femoral - profunda femoris - popliteal - anterior tibial - dorsalis pedis - posterior tibial - peroneal | (Gray's s157-Gray's s162) Shaved female legs In common usage, a human leg is the lower limb of the body, extending from the hip to the ankle, and including the thigh, the knee, and the cnemis. ... Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, anterior view. ... The profunda femoris artery (also known as the deep femoral artery, or the deep artery of the thigh) is a branch of the femoral artery that, as its name suggests, travels more deeply (posteriorly) than the rest of the femoral artery. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Anterior tibial artery and the muscles and bones of the leg - anterior view of right leg. ... In anatomy, the dorsalis pedis artery of the lower limb carries blood to the dorsal surface of the foot, from the anterior tibial artery. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
VI. The Arteries. 2. The Aorta. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (1876 words)
The ascending aorta is contained within the pericardium, and is enclosed in a tube of the serous pericardium, common to it and the pulmonary artery.
The arch of the aorta, and its branches.
The Arch of the Aorta (Arcus AortÆ; Transverse Aorta) (Fig.
Aorta - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (610 words)
The initial part of the aorta, the ascending aorta, rises out of the left ventricle, from which it is separated by the aortic valve.
The renal arteries usually branch from the abdominal aorta in between the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery.
The aorta terminates by dividing into two branches, the left and right common iliac arteries that branch to supply blood to the lower limbs and the pelvis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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